(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "A Scripture Manual: Alphabetically and Systematically Arranged, Designed to Facilitate the ..."

Google 



This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project 

to make the world's books discoverable online. 

It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject 

to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books 

are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover. 

Marks, notations and other maiginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the 

publisher to a library and finally to you. 

Usage guidelines 

Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the 
public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing tliis resource, we liave taken steps to 
prevent abuse by commercial parties, including placing technical restrictions on automated querying. 
We also ask that you: 

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use these files for 
personal, non-commercial purposes. 

+ Refrain fivm automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort to Google's system: If you are conducting research on machine 
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the 
use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help. 

+ Maintain attributionTht GoogXt "watermark" you see on each file is essential for in forming people about this project and helping them find 
additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it. 

+ Keep it legal Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just 
because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other 
countries. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of 
any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner 
anywhere in the world. Copyright infringement liabili^ can be quite severe. 

About Google Book Search 

Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers 
discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through the full text of this book on the web 

at |http: //books .google .com/I 




LIBKARY 



DIVINITY SCHOOL 



V 



N '. 



»\. 



\ 



\ 



SCEIPTURE MANUAL 



ALPHABETICiLLT m SVgTEHATlCllLT iKRANGED, 



DSBIOmBD TO TACILITATE THE FUnOINO 0> 



PROOF TEXTS, 



BY CHARLES SIMMONS. 



• 100V9 StlBlOTTPl BlTXSIOir. 



NEW YORK: 

H. W. DODD, BRICK CHURCH CHAPEL. 

BOSTON: GBOGKEB ft BKEWSTEB. B. BRADLEY ft CO., Biroiif. 

NOBTH WRSNIHAM, MASS.: CHABLES SIMMONS, Pbopbxiiob. 

NSW TOBK : KEY. A, RANKIN, GxK. Aoinr fok m U. 8. 

,TORONTO : REV. ROBERT DICK, Onr. Aoim roft 0. W. 

ANDOYEB : J. D. FLAGG, SmBonriB A2n> PBoniE. 

1852. 



Or^; 



Ektbbxd, according to Act of Congress, in the jear 1845, bj 
OttABLBB SIMMONS, 

In the Clerk 8 Oifice of the District Court of Uie United States 
for the Southern District of New York. 












Ik- 



INTRODUCTION, 

EY DR. SPRINa 



The object of the present work is clearly announced in 
its title. It is to collect within a small compass the in- 
atructions of unerripg wisdom upon a great variety of sub- 
jects which relate to the present and eternal interests of 
men, and comprising the doctrines and duties of a super 
natural revelation. A reference to the list of subjects 
which the work contains, will show that the author's re- 
searches have been extensive ; while a comparison of the 
work with others of the same general character evinces 
patient labor, and cannot fail to give it pre-eminence. 
While the track pursued is not new, it is more thorough, 
and more easily followed than that marked out by any pre- 
vious compiler known* to myself. The work contains not 
merely the proof texts on the subjects to which it refers ; 
but, what appears to my own mind one of its excellences, 
the texts that illustrate these great subjects. The work is 
truly an epitome of the Bible, presenting its great truths in 
khat order in which they will be most easily found by the 
reader. Though the arrangement of the subjects is alpha- 
06 ileal, in the illustration of the subjects themselves the 
author has observed that connection between one truth and 
another which gives to each its proper place. To minis- 
ters, Sabbath School teachers. Sabbath Schools, and families 
the work is of great value. It is fit on every account that 
the author should be encouraged in this production ; but 
chiefly for its own intrinsic worth. The work is an unpre- 
Buming, yet dignified tribute to the word of God, worthy 
the acceptance of the church, and one which every man 
may prize. 

GARDINER SPRING. 

Brick Church Chapel, New York, March, 1845 



IflOnCES OF THE LATEST REVISION OF THE WORK. 

From Beo, Dr. Ide, of Medway, Mctss. 

I am glad to see a second stereotype revision of the Scripture MannaL 
A work of so much intrinsic value ought to be brought as near perfection 
as tlie industry and skill of man can bring it To make the word of Grod 
speak truly and appropriately on all the leading subjects of Christian 
doctrine and duty, is a great undertaking, which requires muoh study and 
care. The past revisions of this work have been more valuably than any- 
thing of the kind which I have seen before. But the author, it seems, 
was not satisfied with past attainments. His untiring efforts to carry 
forward his book untb perfection, and the sacrifice he has made to incor- 
porate the important additions and improvements secured during die 
past five years into his work, are worthy of great commendation. I hope 
the present revision of the Manual will meet with as ready and extensive 
sale as the preceding one. 

FVom Rev, Dr, Parh^ of Andover TheoL Seminary. 

The Scripture Manual, which has been carried by the Compiler through 
a second stereotype revision, evinces much perspicacity in the proposal 
of questions, and discrimination in the selection of answers. The ar- 
rangement of the topics is so logical, and the citations from Scripture are 
so numerous, so emphatical and in the main so pertinent, as to make the 

Sneral impression of the Bible obvious even to a cursory reader. The 
anual may, in my opinion, be very profitablv used not only by religious 
teachers, but also by the pupils in our Sabbath Schools, and by the most 
humble as well as the most learned Christians. If benevolent persons 
would circnlate this book throughout the infant settlements of our own 
land, and send copies of it to our foreign missionaries, they would render 
thereby an important service to the church. 

From Beo. Albert Barnes, of PMladdphia. 

Beo. and dear Sir — I have just received the new Edition of your Man- 
ual, for which I thank you. I have derived much aid from the copy yon 
sent me of the previous revision, and wish you continual success in its 
circulation. I apprehend that the work is now so well known, and its 
character so well established, that it will find its own way, and needs no 
further notice from me. 

Fnm the OmgreyaiiondUst, 

This work has become too widely known, to need our commendation. 
It is far more copious and reliable than any other work of the kind, and 
the *• bracket references** of this edition are of great value. The index 
is greatly improved also, and scarcely any topic can suggest itself, which 
will not be readily found. Few books nave reached so high and well 
deserved a popularity. Nor is it an ephemeral popularity. It will in- 
crease. A Mtter help in the study of the BiUe is not accessible. 

From the American Baptist. 

This woric presents, under an alphabetical and systematic arrange- 
ment, the tcacnings of the Bible in reference to such topics as have spe- 
cial prominence in the sacred volume. The arrangement is eminently 
judicious, and the execution evinces much industry, and for the most 
part a wise discrimination. Ministers, Su'hday School teachers, and in- 
deed all who are seeking a familiar acquaintance with the Scriptnres, 
will find it valuable for reference. 



NOTICES OP THE WORK. 



From Dr. Woods. 
Dear Sir — ^After attendiog very carefully to your Scripture Manual, 
I am free to say, that the work appears to me to be one of uncommon 
importance ; and I shall be much gratified, if the thought and time I 
have devoted to it may contribute to render it more acceptable to the 
public, and more permanently useful. I consider your Text Book to be 
remarkably well suited to the object in view, and likely to be the book 
which will satisfy not onlv common people, but ministers, and all men 
of logical minds and a cultivated. taste. It is my confident opinion, that 
it will take the place of all other works of the kind, and that nothing 
else will be called for or attempted for a great while to come. 

LEONARD WOODS. 
Theol. Seminary y Andover, Feb. 3, 1845. 



From Dr. Weeks. 

Having spent considerable time in a careful examination of the 
third edition of Mr. Simmous^s Scripture Manual, I am happy to state, 
that I think it contains important improvements upon the former edi- 
tions. The statement and arrangement of the great subjects of doctrine 
and duty, and the selection of the most appropriate texts on each sub- 
ject, cannot fail, I think, to render this work highly acceptable Lnd 
useful. Ministers of the gospel, instructors in Sabbath Schools, and all 
who make the Bible their study, will find their labors greatly facilitated 
by it. As a family book, I know of no work of human compilation so 
full of instruction, admonition, and consolation, and so worthy of a place 
In every house. WM. R. WEEKS. 

Newark, Feb. 1845. 



From a Notice by Dr. Ide of Medway, Ms. 
The diligent author of the Scripture Manual deserves the thanks of 
the Christian public, for his seasonable and valuable work, so well suited, 
not only to aid Christians and ministers in the investigation and defence 
of the truth, but to meet and counteract a host of destructive errors, 
now prevalent in our land. It is hoped that he will receive the liberal 
patronage of the public in this very comn>endable effort to do good. 



From a Notice by Dr. Starrs, Braintree, Ms. 
The Scripture Manual is a work of unquestionable value. None of 
the questions it proposes are unimportant, and the answers given to 
them in the words of the Holy Spirit are select, full, and judicious. I 
know of no other compilation of God^s truth, prepared by uninspired 
mind, that I should so heartily rejoice to find in the hands of every 
family of my charge — indeed, in every family in the land. 



From Dr. Pond. 
I have run my eye over your Scriptiure Manual, and think it an ex- 
cellent book of reference for niinisters and private Christians. As a 
help in the selection of proof texts, on almost any subject in the Bible, 
I know of nothing of equal value. ENOCIJ POND 

Theo. Seminary, Bangor, Me. 

4 




LIBRARY 



DIVINITY SCHOOL 



Prof. J. H. Bopea, 
a Oolober, 1896. 






^^^7.-^ «— ^ 



^ 

'^^-^^J'*-*-^ 



.4C^ --y^-'^-- --^^ 






^^.-^^ A 




y 'V^«^^ 



r 



V 



s ', 



\ 



SCRIPTURE MANUAL 



ilPHABETlClLLT illD 8V8TEH1T1CAIIY ABK1N6ED, 



smoms TO faciutatk thb fimdiito oi 



PROOF TEXTS, 



BY CHARLES SIMMONS. 



• lOOVD SVIBIOfTPI BITISZOir. 

TioerUy^hih Edition. 



NEW YORK: 
M. W. DODD, BRICK CHURCH CHAPEL. 

BO0TOK: GBOCKER k BKBWSTBB. B. BRADLEY k CO., BDTOlf. 

NORTH WBJBNTHAli, MASS.: CHARLES SIMMONS, PBOPBxnoB. 
NEW YORK : REV. A. RANKIN, Gnr. Aam fob m U. 8. 
,TORONTO : REV. ROBERT Dicie^ Our. AamT fob C. W. 
ANDOY ER : J. D. VLAOG, SrsBMTinB Axo pBmTSB. 

1852. 



12 



IND£X. 



BIBLE inspiivd, 40. 
** the ererlasting trath, 41. 
*' wUl all be fbliiUed, 42. 
** proyed bj miracles, 43. 
•* prored by prophecy, 44. 
" Its internal evidence, 45. 
** oar standard of faith, 46. 
** the tme means of grace, 47 
** to be studied and taught, 48. 
" a written rerelation, 49. 
" not to be perverted, 50. 
**aUofit profitable, 51. 
Bishops, to instruct, etc^ 101, 447. 
Blasphemy forbidden, 718 — 720. 
Blessedness of God, 215, 223, 
** of heaven, 339, 340, 672. 
Blindness of sinners, 707. 
Boasting exemplified, 703. 
** of saints excluded, 668. 
* Boldness exemplified, 460. 
Brotherly love required. 111. 
Call to preach, 449. 
Calling, effectual, 597. 
CAUTIONS AND WAKNINGS : 
** against apostasy, 19. 

backsliding, 23. 

covetousness, 137. 

bad company, 179. 

error and errorists, 177. 

intemperance, 366. 

lewdness, 405. 
** " perverting Scripture, 50. 

false teachers, 477. 

the devices of Satan, 18. 

soul-murder, 555. 

suretyship, 717. 

tempters and temptation, 
724. 
" " trusting in man, 170. 

self-deception, 704. 

unrighteousness, 733. 

worldly idols, 741-2. 
See also Threats, in this Index. 
Censoriousness forbidden, 729. 
Charity, see Love, 412—414. 
** see ahio Liberality, 406—408. 
Chastisement of saints, 2—4. 
" of children, 494. 
Chastity required, 404-5. 
CHEERiTULNESS, 52. 
CHILDREN, duties of, 53. 
** correction of, 54. 
^ sometimes pious, 55. 
CHRIST'S EXAMPLE, 56. 
** obedience to God, 57. 
« lelf-denial, 58. 



u 

M 



Ct 
M 



M 



U 



U 
it 

u 
u 

iC 



iC 



tc 

(( 

u 
u 



u 
t( 



^ deadness to the world, 59. 

•* love to man, 60. 

" condescension, 61. 

^ meekness, etc , 62. 

" diligence, 63. 

" prayerfulness, 64. 

** preaching, 65. 

" reproving, 66. 

" temporary reputation, 67 

" sufferings and death, 68. 

CHRIST'S HUMANITY, 6d 

" dependence, 70. 

" son-ship, 71. 

** subjection to Grod, 72. 

" preeminence, 73. 

CHRIST'S DIVINITY, 74. 

" equality with God, 75. 

" divine attributes, 76. 

** divine works, 77, 78. 

" divine honors, 79, 80. 

" mystery asserted, 81. 

" final tnumph, 82. 

CHRIST'S KINGDOM, 83. 

" nature of, 84. 

** generally opposed, 85, 86. 

" will overthrow its enemies, 87. 

" and excite joy, 88. 

** warns the wicked, 89. 

^ its certain triumph, 90. 

" its duration, 91. 

CHURCH, design of, 92. 

" foundation of. 93. 

" is greatly beloved, 94. 

" is safe, 95. 

" its Head, 96. 

CHURCH OFFICERS : 

" apostles, 97 — 100. 

^ pastors, teachers, etc., 101. 

** deacons, 102. 

" elders, plurality of, 103. 

CHURCT ORDINANCES: 

'* baptism and the Lord's Supper 

104. 
" preparation for, 105. 
" privilege of, 106. 
" should be observed, 107. 
CHURCH ORDER, ETC.: 
" an early Convention, 108. 
" discipline, 109. 
" rules for edification, 1 10. 
" love and fellowship, HI. 
« disfellowship, 112. 
CHURCH UNITY, 113. 
" not to be rudely broken, 1 14. 
" its proper limits, 115. 
" root and branches, 116. 



INDEX. 



M 



CHURCH ABRAHAMIC : 

" its covenant, 117, 118. 

" its seal, 119. 

" its covenant blessings, 120. 

" lis covenant permanent, 121. 

Circumcision, 119. 

Civil government, 310 — 319. 

Commandments, ten, 281. 

COMPANIONS, 122, 

Compassion to sufferers, 7, 526. 

*' of God, 225, 522. 

" of Christ, 60. 

Complacency of God, 504. 

" of saints in God, 657. 

" of saints in each other, 111. 

Condescension required, 123. 

" of God, 228. 

" of Christ, 61. 

Conditions, see Terms. 

Confession of sin, 124. 

CONSCIENCE, 126. 

" may be seared, 126. 

" often misinformed, 127. 

" will not always sleep, 128. 

" demands obedience, 1 29. 

** should be respected, 130. 

" causes comfort or pain, 131. 

Consequences, belong to God, 659. 

Consideration required, 132. 

Contempt and scorn, 673. 

Contending for truth, 188. 

Contention sinful, 735 — 7. 

Contentment, a duty, 183. 

Contrast, (law and gospel,) 306. 

^ saints and sinners, 645—656. 

Controversy, God's, 230. 

" with God, 272, 695. 

Conversion necessary, 589. 

" of the Jews, 382. 

Conviction of sin, 590. 

COURAGE required, 134. 

COURTESY required, 135. 

Covenant of redemption, 575. 

" with Abraham, 117—121. 

Covenanting with God, .502. 

COVETOUSNESS, 136. 

" prohibited, 137. 

" punished, 138. 

" evils of, 408. 

CREATION produced, 139. 

" time employed in. 1 40. 

** of the orbs, for lights, 141. 

" indicates wisdom, 142. 

Crimes, capital, 315, 316. 

Crucifixion of Christ, 68. 

Cruelty of sinners, 701. 

2 



Cruelty to servants forbidden, €71^ 

" of warriors, 734. 

Custom, its power, 143. 

Darkness, works of, 167. 

Day of judgment, 383 — 39a 

Deacons appointed, 102. 

DEATH, by sin, 144. 

" the lot of all, 145. 

" time of appointed, 146. 

" ordered by God, 147. 

" soon approaches, 148. 

" often sudden, 149. 

"• the end of earth, 150. 

" late in life, desirable, 151. 

" destroys not the soul, 152. 

" fear of overcome, 153. 

** to be patiently waited for, 15^ 

" dreadful to tlie wicked, 155. 

" demands preparation, 15d. 

Death, spiritual, 165. 

Death, the second, 563. 

" in impenitence, 564. 

" of false hopes, 590. 

Decalogue, 281 — 3. 

Deceivers, 16, 474. 

Deceit of sinners, 702. 

Deceiving ourselves, 704. 

Decrees of God, 249 — ^258. 

Dependence on God, 261 — 3. 

" for sanctification, 594 — 6. 

^ in using means, 434. 

*^ consistent with freedom, 271. 

" of Christ. 70. 

DEPRAVITY— the fall, 157. 

" consequences of, 158. 

" guilt of, personal, 159. 

"^ its hateful nature, 160. 

" its connection with law, 161. 

" not founded in mere ignoranoi^ 

162. 
" its universality, 163. 
" its native origin, 164. 
" its total dominion, 165. 
'^ its strength and obstinacy, 166. 
" its works of darkness, 167. 
" its restraints, 168. 
" its perpetuity, 169. 
" makes men untrusty, 170. 
N. B. — See also Sinners, 688 — TlOfc 
Despondency reproved, 171. 
Devices of Satan, 16. 
Devil, character of, 14 — 17. 
" to be resisted, 18. 
" will be defeated, 277. 
Devotion to God required, 
Diet, see Food, 199. 



U ] 

Vlnii^ of man, 41»— 433. 
■ t? ttie Minu, 672. 
Diligence, see Actiri^, I. 
Directioiui to smnen, 601. 
IKscipline of the cbnnh, 109. 
Discretioii required, IT 2. 
DideUowsbip, MS, 177, <77. 
Duhoneatjr forbidden, 733. 



DisobcdiencB of sinners, 691, 
" to parenla, paniahed, 494. 
SiTinity of the Fotlier, SIS— 248. 
" of tlie Son, 74—82. 
" of tlie Spirit, 346. 
Divisions nitd separadong, ) 1 4. 
DiToice djscounlennnceil, 427. 
Dress, precepts on, 1 73. 
Drunkenness forbidden, 3G6. 
Earth, lo be dcBtroyed, 386. 
Ewrnomy required, 1 72. 
Effcftaal calling, 597. 
Edification, rnlca for, 110. 
Eeolism forbidden, 703. 
Eldera, lo teach, 101. 
" anlhority of, 45S. 
" plnrsJity of, when needed, 103. 
Election, national, 253. 
" indiridnal, 334. 



Equality, ministerial, 101. 
" of rights, 531—5. 
ERROR comipting, 175. 
" Iries mankind. 17G. 
Errorista lo be avoided, 171 
Evangelist?, 101. 
Evidenceofpi ' 



le fait 



, ise. 



Evil, moml. oveimled, 967-8. 
EXAMPLE recjaired, 178. 
" precepts on, 179. 
" of Christ, 5fl— ee. 
Excommnnitation, 109. 
Excuses of sinnBiB, 373, 706. 
Exercises of the heart, 339, 
" ainiiil or holy, 565, 
Eipedieney of doing right, 286, 65 
" of mBinlnining truth. 433, 
■■ of civil government, 311. 
£xpaatulations diiine, 371. 
Extortion forbidden, 733. 
ExtravDganca forbidden, 180. 
FAITH, nature of, 181. 
" counted for righteousnesn. 162. 



19:. 



Faith in ChriaC nec^warj, 18S. 
" exemplified, 184. 

" effecte oi; 185. 
" evidenee of^ 186. 
" should be itTong, 187. 
" eonCending for, 183. 
" of miracles, 169, 190. 
" often apuriona and m 
Fall of man, 157. 
Falsehood, see LTiOE, 416. 
FASTINQ BccepttUe, 1 93. 
" examples of, 193. 
" often Bpnrions, 194. 
Faults reproved, 610, Gil. 
Fear of God, reqnired, 290. 
' of man fbrbidden, 460. 
Fellowship with God, 657. 
" with saints. 111—113. 
" with errorista, 177,477. 
FEMALE INDUSTRY, 195. 
" pietj and kindness, 196, 
" subordination and speaking, 197. 
Fighting fottidden, 735, 736. 
Fight of faith, 738. 
ilrmness reqnired, 713. 
FLATTERY, common, 19a 
" diaracteristic of sinnen, 701. 
FOOD, precepts on, 199. 
Follj of lin, 733. 
FOOLS described, 200. 
FORBEARANCE, 301, 737. 
" of God, 287. 
" often abased, SOS, 
Forgetting Ood reproved, 693: 
FOROIITENESS, DIVINE, 683. 
" required, 303. 
Formality nnavailing, 191. 
Fornication fbrbidden, 404. 
Fraud ibrWdden, 733, 
Free agency, 271, 339, BB5-6, 600. 
Free InqDirr, 638. 
FRIENDSHIP, true, 304. 
" spurious, 305. 
Gentlenesi required, 499. 
" exemplified, 63, eea 
Gloril^ng Ood, 300, 301. 
Glory of God, 214, 377. 
" of Christ, 82. 
" of sajnla in heaven, 672. 
Gluttony reproved, 199. 
GOD seen by intuition, 206. 
" made known by his works, 20T. 
" a moral agent, 208. 
bis chief end, S09. 

StOgSll. 



IHDBX. 



u 



u 



GOD'S ATTRIBUTES : 

* eternity, 212. 

" foreknowledge, 213. 

" greatness and supremacy, 214. 

*^ essential happiness, 215. 

"invisibility, 216. 

*' immutability, 217. 

* omnipotence, 218. 
" omniscience, 219. 
'• omnipresence, 220. 
" self existence, 221. 

" natural wisdom, 222. 

GOD'S MORAL PERFECTION: 

" blessedness, 223. 

" benevolence, 224. 

*' compassion, 225. 

" faithfulness, 226. 

^ forbearance, 227. 

* goodness, 228. 

*■ holiness and beauty, 229. 
^ holy hatred of iniquity, 230. 
' impartiality, 231. 
' justice and righteousness, 232. 
' mercy and kindness, 233. 
" sovereignty and independence, 234. 
" truth, 235. 

" vindicative justice, 236-7. 
*' zeal, 238. 

GOD'S PREROGATIVES : 
" to own us as his property, 239. 
" to fix natural law, 240. 
" to give supreme moral law, 241. 
" to regenerate or not, 242. 
'^ to employ tempters, 243. 
" to require human life, 244. 
" to set up rulers to scourge us, 245. 
" to visit iniquity, 246. 
" to use men instrumentally, 247. 
'• to vindicate Iiimself, 248. 
GOD'S PURPOSES, best, 249. 
" eternal and immutable, 250. 
" universal and particular, 251. 
" include moral evils, 252. 
" include national election, 253. 
" include individual election, 254. 
" place election prior to faith, 255. 
" include vessels of wrath, 256. 
" include means and ends, 257. 
" encourage the use of means, 258. 
GOD'S PROVIDENCE: 
" nature and efficacy of, 259. 
" extent of, 260. 
" supplies our wants, 261. 
*^ upholds all creatures, 262. 
** preserves all, 263. 
** goyemB the heart, 264. 



" uses moral instruments, 265. 
" controls popular favor, 266. 
" controls moral evils, 267. 
" brings good out of evil, 268. 
" approves not sin, 269. 
" has motives above ours, 270. 
" disturbs not our freedom, 271. 
" objections against, 272-^. 
" wonders of, 274. 
" incomprehensible, 275. 
" makes men know the Lord, 276. 
" will secure his glory, 277. 
" a solid ground of joy, 278. 
" demands attention, 279. 
GOD'S LAW, supreme, 280. 
" the Decalogue, 281. 
"' its promulgation, 282. 
" summaries of, 283. 
" veiy sacred, 284. 
" requires perfwtion, 285. 
" is reasonable, 286. 
" its penalty, 287. 
*' requires true love to God, 288-9. 
" requires the fear of Grod, 290-1 . 
" requires trust in God, 292—4. 
" requires supreme devotion, 295. 
" requires joy in God, 296-7. 
" requires submission, 298-9. 
" requires honoring God, 300-1. 
GOD'S MORAL GOVERN- 
MENT: 
" requires obedience, 302. 
**■ punishes disobedience, 303. 
GOSPEL, its origin, 304. 
" its gracious design, 305. 
" its distinctive terms, 306. 
" its plan comprehensive, 307. 
" its high standard of duty, 308. 
'• its fearful penalty, 309. 
" its provisions, 576 — 585, 672. 
Government moral, 302. 
GOVERNMENT CIVIL, 310. 
" expedient and necessary, 311. 
" demands qualified rulers, 312. 
" includes duties for rulers, 313. 
" includes duties for subjects, 314. 
" its penalty for crimes, 315, 316. 
" its penalty for treason, 317. 
" its wicked rulers injurious, 318. 
" sometimes to be resisted, 319. 
Grace of God, 233, 305, 586. 
" opposed by sinners, 696 
Gratitude exemplified, 320 
Gravity required, 711. 
Grief, divine, 230. 
" of saints, 662. 



16 



Habit, see custom, 14S. 
Hands, laying on of, 399— 400. 
HAPPINESS sensual, 321. 
" intellectual, 322. 
" of self-denial, 323. 
" of holy obedience, 324. 
** of loving God, 325. 
" of trusting in God, 326. 
' of a good conscience, 327. 
of heaven, 328, 339, 672. 
« of God, 215, 223. 
HEART, voluntary, 329. 
" sometimes divided, 330. 
" has moral qualities, 331. 
" its controlline influence, 332. 
" sincerity of demanded, 333. 
" divine control of, 264. 
Heathenism described, 359. 
HEAVEN, a place, 334. 
** its pure light, 335. 
" its perfect holiness, 336. 
" its everlasting rest, 337. 
" its nearness to God, 338. 
** its fure happiness, 339. 
** its high rewards, 340, 672. 
" its pei-petuity, 341. 
** its rewards, unmerited, 842. 
HELL, a place of fire, 343. 
^ its dreadful misery, 573. 
** its degradation, 574. 
Heresies, see error, 176. 
HOLINESS, value of, 344. 
" of God, 229, 230. 
HOLY SPIRIT, 345. 
« his divinity, 346. 
" his official work, 347. 
" sinning against, 348. 
** judicial departure of, 349. 
** promised believers, 350. 
'* outpouring of, 620. 
" agency of, 594 — 6. 
Home, keeping at, 351. 
Honesty required, 629. 
" rewards of, 630. 
** of saints, 659. 
Honoring God required, 300. 
HOPE m GOD, 292—4, 352. 
^ full assurance of, 353. 
HOSPITALITY, a duty, 354. 
** examples of, 355. 
Humanity of Christ, 69. 
Human nature, nntrusty, 1 70. 
HUMILITY, nature of, 356. 
** required and encouraged, 357. 
Hypocrisy exemplified, 702. 



IDLENESS reproyed, 356. 

*' of sinners, 709. 

IDOLATRY portrayed, 359. 

" its gods a cheat, 360. 

" its worship forbidden, 361. 

" provoking to God, 362. 

" of sinners, 698-9. 

" worldly, 742. 

IGNORANCE, sin of, 363. 

" of sinners, 707, 739. 

Illumination of saints, 598. 

Image worship forbidden, 361. 

Immortality of the soul, 422. 

Impartiality required, 629. 

Imperfection of saints, 507. 

Inability, moral, 166. 

Inactivity reproved, 1. 

Incarnation of Christ, 69. 

Inconsideration reproved, 132. 

Indolence' reproved, 1, 358. 

Industry required, 1. 

" of Christ, 63. 

Inexpediency of sin, 733. 

Infidelity and Atheism, 22. 

Ingratitude, 205. 

" of sinners, 701. 

Inspiration of Bible, 40. 

Instability, 364. 

INTEMPERANCE, 366. 

" forbidden — penalty of, 366. 

" liquor-sellers reproved, 367. 

" wisdom of abstinence, 868. 

" public men espe<!ially chai^ged, 369. 

Intercession of Christ, 516. 

INVITATIONS, 370. 

" with expostulations, 371. 

" sincerely made, 372. 

" rejected by sinners, 373. 

Irony, examples of, 374. 

Jesus, see Christ, 56. 

JEWS, numerous, 376. 

" their territory, 876. 

" their dispersion, 377. 

" their return to Palestine, 378. 

** obstacles removed, 379. 

** enlarged possessions, 380. 

" their future trials, 381. 

" their conversion, 382. 

Joy in God required, 296. 

JUDGMENT, general, 383. 

" its design, 384. 

'* its suddenness, 385. 

^ its final conflagration. 386. 

^^ its final separations, 387. 

'' its final Judge, 388. 

" its particular disdoenres, 889. 



IHDKX. 



If 



« its final decLdons, 390. 

Judicial yisitations, 349, 497. 

Jostice and equity required, C29. 

** towards servants required, 679. 

« of God, 232. 

" vindicative, 236-7. 

Justification bj faith, 583. 

Kindness required, 354, 610, 715. 

Kingrdom of Christ, 83. 

KNOWLEDGE required, 391. 

" benefits of, 392. 

"• essential to true love, 393. 

"■ admits of certainty, 394. 

" how attained, 395. 

" to be imparted, 396. 

^ of ourselves required, 397. 

" more perfect hereafter, 398. 

" intuitive, 206, 420. 

Laughter and mirth, 479. 

Law of God, 280—287. 

LAYING ON OF HANDS, 399. 

" in working miracles, 400. 

** in giving diarges, 401. 

Levity, sinful, 479. 

LEWDNESS, frequent, 402. 

*< deceitful and alluring, 403. 

" sinful and forbidden, 404. 

** guilt and condemnation of, 405. 

LIBERALITY, duty of, 406. 

* examples of, 407. 

* rewards o( 408. 
Licentiousness, 402. 
Light, sinning against, 309. 
** of nature, 207. 

Long suffering of God, 227. 

Lord's supper, 104. 

LOVE TO GOD, 288. 

^ our primary duty, 409. 

" reasons for, 410. 

^ often spurious, 41 1. 

LOVE TO BiAN, 412. 

LOVE DISINTERESTED, 413. 

" examples of, 414. 

" rewards of, 415. 

" of God, 94, 224, 585, 672. 

" of Christ, 60, 370--372. 

** to the brethren required. 111. 

Lowliness required, 482. 

« of Christ, 62. 

LYING prevalent, 416. 

" forbidden, 417. 

** offensive to God, 418. 

MAN'S COMMON ORIGIN, 419. 

** power of intuition, 420. 

** power of reason, 421. 

** immortality, 422. 



MARRIAGE, 428. 

** directions respecting, 424. 

" its mutual duties, 425. 

" forbids polygamy, 426. 

** forbids divorce, 427. 

MEANS OF GRACE, 428. 

** use of indispensable, 429. 

^ preaching, the principal, 430. 

" use of enconnijged, 431. 

** success in nsing, 432. 

** superiority of the true, 433. 

** made effectual by God's Omnipo* 

teBce,434. 
** theur effects, different, 435. 
** use of sometimei hopeleai, 436. 
Means and ends connected, 257. 
Meditation exemplified, 665. 
BiEEKNESS required, 437. 
** encouraged, 438. 
** examples of, 439. 
" of Christ, 62. 
*" of saints, 660. 
Mercy of God, 233. 
MILLENNIUM on earth, 440. 
** its holiness, 441. 
** its peace and unity, 442. 
** its light and kno^aedge, 443. 
" its general prosperity, 444. 
** its great enjoyment, 445. 
" contrasted with former timet, 446. 
MINISTRY, dtaigD of, 447. 
^ divinely appointed, 448. 
** call to preach, 449. 
** ordination of ministers, 450 
** oriental priesthood, 451. 
^ primitive preaching, 452. 
** qualifications for, 453. 
** expressive names of^ 454. 
" authoritv of, 455-6. 
fflNISTfiRS' DUTIES, 
^ to take heed to themselves, S69» 

457. 
*< to preach faithfully, 458. 
** to be inoffensive, 459. 
** to be fearless, 460. 
** to point out sins, 461. 
** to discriminate, 462. 
** to pray for others, 463. 
** to be devoted to the oalling, 464. 
Ministerial parity, 101. 
MINISTERIAL CALLING. 
" responsibleness, 465. 
" temptations, 466. • 
''triab,467. 

** success in preaching, 46S-4. 
I** rewards, 470. 



2* 



M 



INDEX. 



"demands prayer and sjmpathj, 

471. 
•* pecnniary snpport, 472. 
BilNISTERS OF SATAN, 
•* very numerous, 473. 
* very deceitful, 474. 
** cruel and dangerous, 475. 
*' much sought after, 476. 
•* to be avoided, 477. 
** ruin themselves, and others, 478. 
Miracles, prove the Bible, 43. 
MIRTH AND LAUGHTER, 479. 
MISSIONS appointed, 480. 
** encouraged, 481. 
MODESTY required, 482. 
** in good works, 483. 
« of Christ, 62. 
Moral agency of God, 208. 
" of mankind, 271. 
Moral evils controlled, 267. 
** government, 302-^. 
" inability, 166. 
"necessity, 271. 
Murmurs of sinners, 700. 
Mystery of Christ and gospel, 81. 
** of Providence, 275. 
Kamcs of Christ, 74. 
** of ministers, 454. * 
** of saints and sinners, 646. 
** of angels apostilte, 14. 
NATIONAL BODIES, 484. 
** promises to the good, 485. 
" threats to the b^, 486. 
Natural ability, 600, 601, 421. 
Necessity, moral, 271. 
Neutrality, a mere pretence, 487. 
Oaths of confirmation, 720. 
Obedience of Christ, 57. 
** to God, evidence of piety, 602. 
** our title to pardon and hfe, 302. 
" of children to parents, 53. 
" to magistrates enjoined, 313. 
Objections against God, 272. 
Objectors reproved, 273. 
Obligation denied, 705. 
Offence to be avoided, 459: 
Opposition to God, 740. 
'♦ to Christ 85, 86. 
** to ministers, 467. 
*< to saints, 51 1 , 740. 
OPPRESSION, 488. 
« effects of, 489, 
« displeasing to God, 490. 
** infatuates oppressors, 491. 
** threats against, 523. 
Ordinances of the gospel^ 104—7. 



Ordination of ministers, 450. 

Ornaments in dress, 173. 

Ostentation exemplified, 703. 

Overcoming evil with good, 737. 

PARENTAL DUTIES, 

" to set good examples, 492. 

^ to instruct and govern children, 

493. 
" to chastise for disobedience, 494. 
" to provide for children, 495. 
" happy result of faithfulness, 496 
** sad result of unfaithfulness, 497 
Partiality forbidden, 526. 
PATIENCE required, 498. 
« of Christ, 62. 
PEACE reqmred,499. 
" in believing, 666. 
" with God, 582. 
Peace-makers, (false,) 500. 
PENALTY OF THE lAW, 287 
" of the gospel, 309. 
" of civil laws, 315, 316. 
" of disobeying parents, 494. 
PERFECTIOX duty of, 501. 
^ pledged in covenants, 502. 
" of saints, 503-4. 
" of true love, 505. 
** millennial, 506. 
" inconstancy of, in saints, 507. 
" united with trials, 508-9. 
" in pretence, 510. 
PERSECUTION, 511. 
" of Christ, 68. 
*' of faithful ministers, 467. 
" followed by a triumph, 512. 
Persecutors humbled, 513. 
PERSEVERANCE, 514. 
" divinely promised, 515. 
"prayed for bj Christ, 516. 
" sealed by the Spirit, 517. 
Piety, evidence of, 602. 
" in early life, 55. 
Pity, divine, to the poor, 522. 
Pleasures, sensual, 675. 
" mirthful, 479. 
Politeness and courtesy, 135. 
Polygamy forbidden, 426. 
Poor, see poverty, 52 i. 
POPERY predicted, 518. 
•* false claim of, 519. 
" fearful end of, 520. 
Popular favor from God, 266 
" bestowed upon Christ, 67. 
POVERTY, its evils, 521. 
" excites Grod's pity, 522. 
« oppression of, forbidden, 528. 



INDEX. 



*^ nnited with grace, 524. 

" will triumph over tyrants, 525. 

'* calls for present aid, 526. 

" relieving it encouraged, 527. 

PRAISE TO GOD, 528. 

" with devout feelings, 529. 

PRAYER, important, 530. 

" in secret, required, 531. 

" mental, exemplified, 532. 

" verbal and audible required, 533. 

" with love to God, 534. 

" with faith in God, 535. 

"■ with submission to Grod, 536. 

" with humble confession, 537. 

'' with a supreme regard for Grod, 538. 

" with forgiveness, 539. 

" with perseverance, 540. 

" in Christ's name, 541. 

" with godly sincerity, 542. 

" with devout sympathy, 543. 

" postures in, 544. 

" efficacy of, 545. 

" of sinners, not heard, 546. 

" neglected by sinners, 547. 

" neglect of, threatened, 548. 

Prayerfulness of Christ, 64. 

" of saints, 665. 

PREACHING, by Christ, 65. 

" faithfully, 458. 

" primitive mode of, 452. 

" the primary means of grace, 430. 

" success of, 468-9. 

Prejudice forbidden, 526. 

Presumption of sinners, 710. 

PRIDE, common, 549. 

" offensive to God, 550. 

" tends to a fall, 551. 

'• of sinners, 696. 

PROBATION, 552. 

" limited to this life, 553. 

" includes dangers eternal, 554. # 

" determines our final state, 555. 

" its awards accord with deeds, 556. 

Procrastination, 710, 727. 

Prodigality forbidden, 180. 

Profanity forbidden, 718. 

Profession of religion, 107. 

PROMISES CONDITIONAL: 

" to faith in Christ, 183. 

"to the fear of God, 291. 

" to humihty, 357. 

" to liberality, 408. 

'* to loving God, 289. 

** to meekness, 438. 

•* to obedience, 302, 485. 

•* to parental fidelity, 496. 



" to perseverance, 514. 

** to prayer, 545. 

" to repentance, 607. 

" to reprovers, 610. 

" to righteousness, 630. 

*' to sabbath keeping, 642. 

" to searching the Bible, 48. 

" to self-denial, 674. 

" to sympathy with the oppressed, 

686. 
" to trust in God, 293. 
" to using means, 431. 
PROMISES ABSOLUTE: 
*' to bind Satan, 440. 
" to convert the Jews, 382. 
" to keep saints from final rain, 515. 
'" to aid them under temptation, 725. 
" to raise saints above angels, 67). 
*• to the persecuted, 512. 
Prophecy confirms the Bible, 44 
Prosperity of the wicked. 565. 
" corrupting and dangerous, 625. 
Providence of God, 259—271. 
Provisions of the gospel, 576 — 585. 
Prudence required, 172. 
Public worship, 745. 
PUNISHMENT FUTURE: 
" deserved by sinners, 557. 
" the prerogative of God, 558. 
" consistent with love, 559. 
" heaven lost 560. 
" banishment to hell, 561. 
" unpardonable sin, 562. 
" the second death, 563. 
" death in impenitence, 564. 
" evinced by prosperity, 565. 
" evinced by temporal judgmentl^ 

566. 
" to continue forever, 567. 
" denied by some, 568. 
'• will fail to purify, 569. 
" why inflicted, 570. 
" approved by the righteous, 571. 
" cries for relief unavailing, 572. 
" sources of, 573. 
" degradation of, 574. 
Punishment capital, 315. 
Purposes of God, 249 — 258. 
Railing forbidden, 729, 730. 
Reason, power of, 421. 
Rebuke of sin, 66, 461, 610. 
Reconciliation by Christ, 582. 
" to God, 306. 

REDEMPTION, covenant 575. 
" requires atonement, 576. 
" through Christ's dcaUi, 577. 



INDEX. 



** made effectual, 578. 

** throngh a perfect sacrifice, 579. 

** through " a ransom for all/' 580. 

" the Father's agency in, 581. 

" includes peace with Grod, 582. 

** includes forgiveness, 583. 

** embraces adoption, 584. 

" its signal mercies, 585. 

** its astonishing grace, 586. 

•« honorable to God, 587. 

REGENERATION, ETC., 588 

" indispensable, 589. 

" preceded by conviction, 590. 

^ a radical change, 591. 

** a moral chan^, 592. 

** alarming to sinners, 593. 

** creative power in, 594-5. 

** dependence in, 596. 

** an effectual call, 597. 

** its illumination, 598. 

** its divine teaching, 599. 

** human activity in, 600. 

** required as a duty, 601. 

^ evidences of, 602. 

REPENTANCE, nature of, 603. 

** its moral d^ity, 604. 

** its signal efirects, 605. 

*' its necessity, 606. 

" encouraged by promises, 607. 

** ascribed to Gid, 608. 

** is often spurious, 609. 

Reprobation, 256. 

REPROOF required, 610. 

** examples of, 66, 461, 611. 

" received by the humble, 612. 

** rejected by the proud, 613. 

" wisdom of receiving, 614. 

^ demands self-correction, 615. 

REPUTATION, value of, 616. 

Requirements, divine, 288 — 300. 

Resolution required, 134. 

Respect of persons avoided, 231. 

Responsibility of man, 555. 

Rest of heaven, 337. 

RESURRECTION, 617. 

" bodies changed, 618. 

Retaliation forbidden, 737. 

Revenge forbidden, 735-6. 

REVIVALS, ancient, 619. 

** by the Holy Spirit, 620. 

" happy effects of, 621. 

« to be prayed for, 622. 

** sometimes spurious, 623. 

Rewards future, 556. 

RICHES idolized, 624. 

" are corrupting, 625. 



'* not to be eagerly songfat, 636. 

" vain and transitory, 627. 

" proper use of, 628. 

RIGHTEOUSNESS, 629. 

" present and future rewards of, 630. 

" of Christ, 56, 578. 

" of saints, 503-4, 659. 

RIGHTS OF GOD, 239—248. 

RIGHTS OF MAN, 631. 

*^ to inquire freely, 632. 

" to mental culture, 633. 

" to his own labor and family, 634-5. 

ROBBERY forbidden, 636. 

Romanism, 518. 

Rule of faith, 46. 

Rulers civil, 310—313. 

Ruling elders, 101, 103, 455. 

SABBATHs, instituted, 637. 

^* enrolled in the Decalogue, 638. 

" recognized by Christ, 639. 

" appropriate duties of, 640. 

"to be kept holy, 641. 

" rewards for keeping it, 642. 

" its profanation punished, 643. 

" the first day of the week, 644. 

SAINTS, renewed, 645. 

^^ contrasted with sinners, 646 — 656. 

" rejoice in God, 657. 

" delight in truth, 658. 

" practise honesty, 659. 

" are meek and forgiving, 660. 

" are disinterested, 661. 

" grieve when God is dishonored,662. 

" feel their own guilt, 663. 

" live by faith, 664. 

" delight in prayer, 665. 

" have internal peace, 666. 

" make progress, 667. - 

" cannot boast, 668. 

" not numerous, but will be, 669. 

" the light of the world, 670. 

" their singularity, 671. 

« their final dignity, 672. 

Salvation, way of,'575 — ^586. 

" conditional, 555. 

'* by grace, 586. 

SANCTIFICATION, 588—597. 

" by the Spirit, 594—6. 

SATAN, character of, 15. 

" will be defeated, 277. 

" liis devices, 16, 17. 

" his ministers, 473 — 8. 

SCORN AND CONTEMPT, 67a. 

Sealing of the Spirit, 517. 

Self-conceit, 510, 549. 

Self-deception, 704. 



IK1>EX. 



Sir 



SELP-DENIAL, 674. 
« of Christ, 58. 
Self-examination, 105, 397. 
SELFISHNESS, 136—138. 
*' of sinners, stupid, 689. 
SELFISH RELIGION, 191, 194, 

411. 
Self-justification, 706. 
Self-knowledge, 397. 
Self-righteousness, 550, 696. 
SENSUALITY, reproved, 675. 
" of sinners, 698. 
Separations final, 387. 
Seriousness, see Sobriety, 711. 
SERVITUDE, oriental, 676. 
" laws to regulate, 677 — 9. 
" apostolic precepts, 680. 
" ancient sale of men, 681. 
" manstealing forbidden, 682. 
" freedom of the Jubilee, 683. 
" freedom desirable, 684. 
" general precepts, 685. 
" promises to kindness, 686. 
" duty to the oppressed, 687. 
Sin, see Depravity, 157. 
" cannot be blended with good, 505. 
" its ill desert, 557. 
" its destructive tendencies, 733. 
" oven-uled for good, 267-8. 
" what kind is unpardonable, 562. 
Sins and vices. See Threats. 
SINNERS, unholy, 688. 
" full of selfishness, 689. 
" enemies to God, 690. 
" disobedient to God, 691. 
'* prone to forget God, 692. 
** stupid and inattentive to Grod, 693. 
*' (U'pjnt from God, 694. 
" hate the di\tne government, 695. 
" opposed to grace, 696. 
" rather die than submit, 697. 
" inclined to sensuality, 698. 
" prone to idolatry, 699. 
" apt to murmur, 700. > 
" ungrateful and cruel, 701. 
♦' deceitful, 702. 
" boastful, 703. 
" fond of deception, 704. 
" deny obligation, 705. 
*' excuse their sins, 706. 
" cherish blindness, 707. 
** cherish unbelief, 568. 708. 
" inclined to idleness, 709. ^ 
" are presumptuous, 710. 
SLANDER, See Lying, 416. 
" forbidden, 729. 



Slavery, see Servitade, 676 — 687, 

Slaying of witnesses, 86. 

Sleep and sloth, 1, 358. 

Snares laid by sinners, 702. 

Sobriety required, 711. 

Soul, immortal, 422. 

*• sleeps not, after death, 152. 

Sovereignty of God, 234, 240—6. 

Spirituality required, 156. 

" manifested by saints, 664. 

Spirit, Holy, 345—350. 

" outpouring of, 620. 

" agency of, 594 — 596. 

Spurious faith and religion, 191. 

"fasting, 194. 

"love to God, 411. 

" repentance, 609. 

" revivals, 623. 

Stability required, 712. 

Standard of faith, 46. 

Standards, false, condemned, 46. 

Steadfastness required, 712. 

STEALING forbidden, 713. 

" punishment of, 714. 

Strangers, duty to, 715. 

Stupidity of sinners, 693. 

Submission to God, 278, 298. 

" unconditional, 298-9. 

Sueing at the law, 716. 

Supper of ourljord, 104. 

Suretyship discouraged, 717. 

SWEARING forbidden, 718. 

" rashly, 719. 

" oaths of conformation, 720. 

Sympathy in afiiictions, 7. 

" for the oppressed, 687. 

" for the poor, 526. 

"of females, 196. 

Tattling fori)idden, 729. 

Teachers, false, 473, — 477. 

Teaching, divine, 599. 

TEMPERANCE, a duty, 721. 

•' in food, 199. 

TEMPTATION, common, 722. 

" not of God, 723. 

" watching against, 724. 

" overcome through grace, 725. 

TERMS OF SALVATION: 

♦* faith in Christ, 183. 

" forgiveness, 203. 

" love to God, 288. 

'* love to man, 412. 

" love disinterested, 413. 

" obedience to God, 302. 

" perseverance, 514. 

" reconciliation to God, 306. 



IKDBX. 



" r^^eneradon, 589, 601. 

* repentance, 606. 

** righteousness, 629. 

•* submission to God, 278, 298. 

Terms of the law and gospel, 306. 

THREATS OF EVIL: 

•* to backsliders, 27. 

** to disobedience, 303. 

** to capital offenders, 315, 316. 

" to covetousness, 138. 

*^ to despisers of the gospel, 309. 

" to idolaters, 362. 

*^ to the implacable, 203. 

** to the intemperate, 366-7. 

" to the lewd, 405. 

** to liars, 418. 

" to manstealers, 682. 

•* to murderers, 315, 316. 

•* to nations, for vices, 486. 

** to oppressors, 490, 523. 

** to Papists, 520. 

** to parents, unfaithful, 497. 

" to persecutors, 513. 

** to the proud, 550. 

** to sabbath breakers, 643. 

•* to sacrilege, 50, 301. 

** to slanderers, 729. 

•* to swearers, 718. 

" to teachers, false, 475. 

•* to thieves, 714. 

** to unbelievers, 708. 

*^ to the unrighteous, 733. 

** to warriors, 736. 

** to works of darkness, 167. 

TIME, short, 726. 

" to be improved, 727. 

Title to life, 302. 

TONGUE, mischievous, 728. 

" ita sins forbidden, 729, 730. 

"should be bridled, 731. 

Tradition, false, 46. 

Trials, see A£9ictions, 2. 

" of ministers, 467. 

*^ of the Ji^ws, to come, 381. 

Trinity, 210,211. 

Trust in God, 292— 4. 

" not in man, 170. 

TRUTH of God, 235. 

" belief in, indispensable, 183. 

** the means of grace, 47. 



" required of aU, 629. 

Unbelief of sinners, 708. 

" in future evils, 568. 

Union, Unity, 111—115. 

" of God, 210. 

" during the millennium, 442. 

Unpardonable sin, 562. 

Unregencrate works, 546, 589. 

Unrighteousness, 732. 

" tends to ruin, 733. 

Utility of the right, 630. 

*' of the truth, 47, 51, 279, 433, 458 

Vanity of life, 148. 

" of riches, 627. 

Vessels of wrath, 256. 

Vices, see Threats. 

Vindicative justice, 236-7. 

Visiting the flock, 463. 

WAR, common, 734. 

" sin and folly of, 735, 736. 

** how to prevent it, 737. 

Warfare, Christian, 738. 

Warning, general, 89. 

" against the second death, 554. 

" against sel5F-dcception, 704. 

WATCHFULNESS, 738. 

" against temptation, 724. 

Wickedness of sinners, 690. 

Widow and fatherless, 522-7. 

Wisdom of God, 222. 

" in creation, 142. 

Witness of the word, 347, (3.) 

" of the Spirit, 347, (4.) 

Women, see Females, 195. 

Works of darkness, 167. 

WORLD, ignorant, 739. 

" opposed to God, 740. 

" coiTupting and dangerous, 741. 

" its idols forbidden, 742. 

" overcome by grace, 743. 

WORSHIP of God, 744. 

" should be public, 745. 

" with proper instruction, 746. 

" with prayer and praise, 747. 

Worship of creatures forbidden, 80. 

Wresting scripture, 50. 

Youth, see Children, 53. 

ZEAL, false, 748. 

" the true exemplified, 749. 

" is indispensable 750. 



SCRIPTUEE MANUAL. 



ACTIVITY AUD DIUGENCB. 
1. ActMhf and diligeBeB f^g[idni a^ 

Gen. 3: 19 In the sweat of thy face ahalt tlum eat bread, 
till thoa retom unto the grooncL 

Ex. 20: 9 Six days shalt thou labor, and do all thy work. 

Jud. 5: 23 Corse ye Meroz, said the angel of the Lord, 
corse ye bitterly the inhabitants thereof; becaose they came 
not to the help of the Lord, to the help of the Lord against 
the mighty. 

1 Ch. 22: 16 Ajnaejiherefarej and be doings and the Lord be 
with thee. 

Pr. 10: 4 He beoometh poor that dealethu^ a slack hand: 
bot the hand of the diligent maketh rich. 5 He that gather- 
eth in sommer is a wise son : but he that sleepeth in harvest 
is a son that caoseth shame. — 12: 24 The hand of the dili- 
gent shall bear role: bot the slothfbl shall be onder tribote.-— 
13: 4 The sool of the sloggard desireth, and hath nothing : 
bot the sool of the di^ent shall be made fat — 22: 29 Seest 
thoo a man ^^iligftnt in his bosiness? he shall stand before 
kings ; he shall not stand before mean meit.— -27: 23 Be thoa 
diligent to know the state of thy flocks, and look well to thy 
heHs : 24 For riches are not mrever. — 28: 19 He tfiat till- 
eth his land shaU have plenty of bread : bot he that foUoweth 
after vain persons shall have poverty enoogh. 

Ec 5: 12 The sleep of a laboring man is sweet, whether he 
eat little ormoch. — 9: IQ Whatsoever thy hand findeth to do^ 
do it with thy might; for there is no work, nor device, nor 
knowledge, nor wisdom, in the grave, whither thoo goest. 

Is. 52: 1 Awake, awake, pot on thy strength, O Zion; pot 
oo thy beaodfbl garments, O Jerosalem, the holy city. 

Am. 6: 1 Wo to them that are at ease in Zion. 

Rom. 12: 1 1 Not slothfid in bo^ness; fervent in.«{ii;nib\ wsn« 



2 — 4 AFFLICTIONS — TRIALS — CHASTISEMENTS. 

Afflictioiui common — 6om God. 



ing the Lord. — 13: 11 Knowing the time, that now it is high 
time to wake out of sleep : for now is our salvation nearer than 
when we believed. 

Ep. 4: 28 Let him that stole, steal no more : but rather let 
him labor, working with Ms hands the thing which is good, that 
he may have to give to him that needeth. 

1 Th. 4: 11 Study to be quiet, and to do your own business, 
and to work with your own hands, as we commanded you ; 12 
That ye may walk honestly toward them that are without, and 
thai ye may have lack of nothing. [See 63, 358, 738, 749.] 

AFFLICTIONS — TRIALS — CHASTISEMENTS. 
8. Affixdh/oM coTfwufn to tncat. 

Job 5: 7 Man isbern mite teoable, as the sparks fly upward. 
-^7: 17 What is man, that thoa shouldest magnify him? and 
that thou shouldest set thine heart upon him? 18 And that 
thou shouldest visit him every morning, and try him every 
moment ? — 14: 1 Man that is bom of a woman is of few days, 
and full of trouble. 

3. Afflietiong from Cfod. 

1 S. 2: 7 The Lord maketh poor^ and maketh rich : he 
bringetiii kyw, and lifteth up. 

Job 5: 6 Affliction cometh not forth of the dust, neither doth 
trouble spring out of the ground. 18 For he maketh sore, and 
bindeth up : he woundeth, and his hands make whole. 

Ps. 39: 9 I was dumb, I opened not my mouth ; because 
thou didst it — 66: 11 Thou broughtest us into the net; thou 
laidest affliction upon our loins. — 89: 30 If his children for- 
sake my law, and walk not in my judgments ; 31 If they 
break my statutes, and keep not my commandments ; 32 Then 
will I visit th^ transgression wim the rod, and their iniquity 
with stripes. — 102: 10 Thou hast lifted me up, and cast me 
down. 23 He weakened my strength in the way ; he shortened 
my days. 

2 CcHT. 12: 7 Lest I should be exalted above measure through 
the abundance of the revelations, there was given to me a thorn 
in the flesh, the messenger of Satan to buffet me, lest I should 
be exalted above measure. [See 147, 260.]. 

4. Benefit of afflictions and fatherly chastisements. 

Dt 8: 2 Thou shalt remember all the way which the Lord 
thy (^od led thee these forty years in the wilderness, to hum- 
ble thee, and to prove thee, to* know what was in thhie heart, 
ii!bedifir thou wouldest keep his commaadmwts, or no. 
24 



ATPLICTIONS — TRIALS — GHA9TT9E3IEHT8. 4 

Benefit ofl 

2 Ch. 33: 12 When he was in affliction, he besought the 
Lord his God, and humbled himself' greatly before the God 
of his fathers, 13 And prayed unto him : and he was entreated 
of him, and heard his supplication, and brought him again to 
Jerusalem into his kingdom. Then Manosscli knew that the 
Lord he ivas God. 

Job 5: 17 Behold, happy is the man whom God correcteth: 
therefore despise not thou the chastening of the Almighty. — 
23: 10 He knoweth the way that I take: when he hath tried 
me, I shall come forth as gold. 

Ps. 78: 84 When he slew them, then they sought him : and 
they returned and inquired early after God. 35 And they 
remembered that Grod tt?as their Rock, and the high God their 
Redeemer. — 94: 12 Blessed is the man whom thou diastenest, 
O Lord, and teachest him out of thy law, .13 That thou 
mayest give him rest from the days of adversity, until the pit 
be digged for the wicked. — 119: 67 Before I was afflicted I 
went astray : but now have I kept thy word. 71 It is good for 
me that I have been afflicted ; that I might learn thy statutes. 
75 I know, O Lord, that thy judgments are right, and thai 
thou in faithfulness hast afflicted me. 

Fr. 3: 11 My son, despise not the chastening of the Lord : 
neither be weary of his correction : 12 For whom the Lord 
loveth he coiTecteth ; even as a father the son in w/unn he 
delighteth. 

Is. 2C: 9 When thy judgments are in the earth, tlio inhabit- 
ants of the world will learn righteousness. — 27: 7 Hath he 
smitten him, as he smote those that smote him ? or is he slain 
according to the slaughter of them that are slain by him ? 9 
By this therefore shall the iniquity of Jacob be purged ; and 
this is all the fruit to take away his sin. — 48: 10 Behold, I 
have refined thee, but not with silver ; I have chosen thee in 
the furnace of affliction. 

Jer. 24: 5 Thus saith the Lord, the God of Israel ; like 
these good fig?, so will I acknowledge them that are carried 
away captive of Judah, whom I have sent out of this place into 
the land of the Chaldeans for (heir good. 

Lam. 3: 27 It is good for a man that he bear the yoke in 
his youth. 

Dan. 11: 35 Sofne of them of understanding shall fall, to try 
them, and to purge, and to make them white, even to the time 
of the end: because it is yet for a time appointed. — 12: 10 
Many shall be purified, and made white, and tried ; but the 
wicked shall do wickedly. 

Hos. 5: 15 In their affliction they will seek me eaxly. 



f AfSUOTIONB — TBIALS — CHASTIBSMENTS. 

Benefit of — short. 

Zoc. 13: 9 I will bring the third part through the fire, and 
wfll refine them as silver is refined, and will try them as gold 
b tried : thej shall call on my name, and I will hear them : I 
ivill say, It is my people ; and they shall say, The Lord is 
my God. 

Bom. 5: 3 We glory in tribulations also ; knowing that tribu- 
lation worketh patience; 4 And patience experience; and 
experience, hope. 

1 Cor. 11: 32 When we are judged, we are chastened of the 
Lord, that we should not be condemned with the world. 

2 Cor. 4: 17 Our light affliction, which is but for a moment, 
worketh for us a far more exceeding and eternal weight of 
g^ory ; 18 While we look not at the things which are seen, but 
at the things which are not seen : for the things which are seen 
0110 temporal ; })ut the things which are not seen are eternal. — 
12: 10 I take pleasure in infirmities, in reproaches, in necessi- 
ties, in persecutions, in distresses for Christ's sake : for when I 
am weak, then am I strong. 

Heb. 2: 10 It became him, for whom are all things, and by 
whom are aU things, in bringing many sons unto glory, to make 
the Captain of their salvation perfect through sufferings. — 12: 
10 They verily for a few days chastened u* after their ««m 

Beasnre ; but he for our profit, that we might be partakers of 
B holiness. 11 Now no chastening for the present seemeth 
to be joyous, but grievous : nevertheless, afterward it yieldeth 
the peaceable fruit of righteousness unto them which are exer- 
cised thereby. 

Jam. 1: 2 My brethren, count it all joy when ye fall into 
divers temptations ; 3 Knowing this, that the trying of your 
faith worketh patience. 12 Blessed is the man that endureth 
temptation : for when he is tried, he shall receive the crown of 
life, which the Lord hath promised to them that love him. 

1 Pet 1: 7 That the trial of your faith, being much more 
precious than of gold that perisheth, though it be tried with 
fire, might be found unto praise, and honor, and glory, at the 
appearing of Jesus Christ 

[See 508, 612, 615.] 

5. The afflictions of the righteous short. 

Job 11: 16 Because thou shalt forget thp misery, and remem- 
ber it as waters that pass away. 

Ps. 30: 5 His anger endureth hut a moment ; in his favor is 
life : weeping may endure for a night, but joy cameth in the 
morning. 

Lam. 3: 32 Though he cause grie^ jet will he have compas- 
26 



Afnicrnon— TRIALS — cnASTiSBiisHTi. 6, 7 

Support tmder — demand sympathy 

• 

fiion according to the multitade of his mercies. 33 For he doth 
not afflict willingly, nor grieve the children of men. 

2 Cor. 4: 17 Oar light affliction, wMch is but fi)r a moment^ 
worketh for us a &r more exceeding and eternal weight of 
glory. [See 225, 585.] 

6. God, the believer's support and Itdper under afflictions. 

Ps. 23: 4 Tea, though I wulk through the valley of the 
shadow of death, I will fear no evil : for thou art with me ; thy 
rod and thy staff they comfort- me. — 31: 7 I will be glad and 
rejoice in thy mercy : for thou hast considered my trouble ; 
thou hast known my soul in adversities ; 8 And hast not shut 
me up into the hand of the enemy : thou hast set my foot in a 
Luge room. — 4G: 1 Gk)d is our refuge and strength, a very 
present help in trouble. 

Is. 25: 4 Thou hast been a strength to the poor, a strength 
to the needy in his distress, a refuge from the storm, a shadow 
fiom the heat, when the blast of the ten*lble ones is as a storm 
against the wall. — 49: 13 Sing, O heavens; and be joyful, O 
earth ; and break forth into singing, O mountains : for the Lobd 
hath comforted his people, and will have mercy upon his 
afflicted. 

Jer. 16: 19 O Lobd, my strength and my fortress, and my 
refuge in the day of affliction. 

2 Cor. 1: 3 Blessed be God, even the Father of our Lord 
Jesus Christ, tlie Father of mercies, and the Grod of all com- 
fort ; 4 Who comforteth us in all our tribulation, that we may 
be able to comfort them which are in any trouble by the com- 
fort wherewith we ourselves are comforted of Grod. 

[See 657, 725.] 

7. Affiidions denuind sjftnpaiJiy — examples. 

Job 6: 14 To him that is afflicted pity should hesihewedhxm 
his friend. 

Ps. bbi 13 As for me, when they were sick, my dothing was 
sackcloth : I humbled my soul with fasting ; and my prayer 
returned into mine own bosom. 14 1 behaved myself as though 
he had been my friend or brother : I bowed down heavily, as 
one that mournethyor his ihother. 

Bom. 12: 15 Rejoice with them that do rejoice, and weep 
with them that weep. 

Ph. 4: 14 Ye have well done that ye did c(»nmmiicate with 
my affliction. 

Heb. 13: 3 Bemember them that are in bonds, as bound with 
them ; and them which suffer adversity, as being yourselves 
also in the body. [See 526.] 

27 



8, 9 AFFLICTIONS — TRIALS' — CHASTISBMEKT8. 



Often misimproved. 



8. Afflictions try mankind, 

Dt. 8: 2 Thou shalt remember all the way which the Lobd 
ihj Grod led thee these forty years in the wilderness, to hmn- 
ble thee, and to prove thee, to know what was in thy heart, 
whether thou wouldest keep his commandments, or no. 3 And 
he humbled thee, and suffered thee to hunger, and fed thee 
with manna. [See 4.] 

9. Afflictions often misimproved and magnified. 

Job 10: 15 Tam full of confusion ; therefore see thou mine 
aflBiction; 16 For it increaseth. Thou huntest me as a fierce 
lion : and again thou shewest thyself marvellous upon me. 17 
Thou renewest thy witnesses against me, and increasest thine 
indignation upon me ; changes and war are against me. 18 
Wherefore then hast thou brought me forth out of the womb ? 
Oh that I had given up the ghost, and no eye had seen me ! — 
16: 12 I was at ease, but he hath broken me asunder : he hath 
also taken me by my neck, and shaken me to pieces, and set 
me up for his mark. 

Is. 1: 5 Why should ye be stricken any more? ye will revolt 
more and more : the whole head is sick, and the whole heart 
faint. — 9: 13 The people tumeth not unto him that smiteth 
them, neither do they seek the Lord of hosts. 

Jer. 5: 3 O Lord, are not thine eyes upon the truth ? thou 
hast stricken them, but they have not grieved ; thou hast con- 
sumed them, hiU they have refused to receive correction : they 
have made their faces harder than a rock ; they have refusal 
to return. 

Lam. 1:12 Is it nothing to you, all ye that pass by? behold, 
and see if there be any sorrow like unto my sorrow,. which is 
done unto me, wherewith the Lord hath afflicted me in the 
day of his fierce anger. 13 From above hath he sent fire into 
my bones, and it prevaileth against them : he hath spread a 
net for my feet, he hath turned me back : he hath made me 
desolate awe? faint all the day. — 3: 10 Het^o* unto me o^ a 
bear lying in wait, and as a lion in secret places. 11 He hath 
turned aside my ways, and pulled fne in pieces : he hath made 
me desolate. 12 He hath bent his bow, and set me as a mark 
for the arrow. 

Am. 4: 6 I also have given you cleanness of teeth in all 
your cities, and want of bread in all your places : yet have ye 
not returned unto me, saith the Lord. 7 — 11. 

[See 569, 700.] 

28 



▲NQSLS. 10— It 

I IhitlBS to kba aged — Angela nmneroas — ttieir emptoynMot. 

AGED PERSONS. 

10. Duties to the aged. 

Ley. 19: 32 Thou ehalt rise up before the hoary head, and. 
honor the face of the old man, and fear thj God : I am the 
Lord. 

1 Tim. 5: 1 Rebuke not an elder, but entreat him as a father, 
and the younger men as brethren ; 2 The elder women as 
mothers ; the younger as sisters, with all purity. 

1 Pet. 5: 5 Likewise, ye younger, submit yourselves unto 
the elder. [See 730.] 

ANGELS. 

11. Angds numerous. 

Heb. 12: 22 Ye are come unto mount Sion, and unto the city 
of the living €rod, the heavenly Jerusalem, ai id to an innumerar 
ble company of angels. 

Bev. 5: 11 I beheld, and I heard the voice of many angeb 
round about the throne, and- the beasts, and ihe elders: and 
the number of them was ten thousand times ten thousand, and 
thousands of thousands. 

12. EmjploymeM of good angels. 

2 S. 24: 1 6 The angel stretched out his hand upon Jerusalem 
to destroy it. 

2 K. 19: 35 It came to pass that night, that the angel of the 
Loud went out, and smote in the camp of the Assyrians a 
hnndred four score and five thousand. 

Job 38: 7 When the morning stars sang together, and all the 
sons of God shouted for joy ? 

Ps. 91: 11 For he shall give his angels charge over thee, to 
keep thee in all thy ways. 12 They shall bear thee up in 
ihdr hands, lest thou dash thy foot against a stone. 

Dan. 6: 22 My God hath sent his angel, and hath shut the 
lions' mouths. — 9: 21 Yea, while I was speaking in prayer, 
even the man Gabriel, whom I had seen in the vision at the 
beginning, being caused to fly swifUy, touched me about the 
time of the evening oblation. 22 And he informed me, and 
talked with me, and said, O Daniel, I am now come forth to 
give thee skill and understanding. 

Mat 13: 39 The harvest is the end of the world; and the 
ref4[>ers are the angels. 41 The Son of man shall send forth 
his angels, and they shall gather out of his kingdcnn all things 
that offend, and them which do iniquity. — 18: 10 Take heed 
that ve despise not one ^these little ones: for I say unto you, 
^ ^ 8« 29 



Id — ^15 ANGELS APOSTATE. 



Their apostasy — names — character — employment. 



that in heaven their angels do always behold the face of my 
Father which is in heaven. 

Lk. IG: 22 And it came to pass, that the beggar died, and 
was carried by the angels into Abraham's bosom. 

Heb. 1:14 Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to 
minister to them who shall be heirs of salvation ? 

ANGELS APOSTATE. 

13. Apo^asy of anrjds. 

2 Pet. 2: 4 God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast 
them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness, 
to be reserved unto judgment. 

Jude 6 The angels which kept not their first estate, but left 
their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains, 
under darknesf> unto the judgment of the great day. 

Rev. 12:7 There was war in heaven: Michael and his 
angels foug/.t against the dragon; and the dragon fought and 
his angels 8 And prevailed not; neither was their place 
found any more in heaven. 

14. Names of apostate angels. 

Is. 27: 1 Leviathan, the piercing and crooked serpent. — 
Mat. 4: 3 And when the tempter came to him, he said, If 
thou be the Son of God, command that these stones be made 
bread.— 10: 1 Unclean spirits.— 13: 38 The field is the world; 
the good seed are the children of the kingdom ; but the tares are 
the children of the wicked one ; 39 The enemy that sowed 
them is the devil. — Mk. 5: 9 Legion. — Lk. 11: 15 Beelze- 
bub. — Jn. 8: 44 Murderer, liar. — 14: 30 The prince of this 
world. — 2 Cor. 4: 4 The god of this world.— Ep. 2: 2 The 
prince of the power of the air. — 0: 12 The rulers of the darkness 
of this world. — 1 Pet. 5: 8 Your adversary the devil. — Rev. 
9: 11 Abaddon, (Heb.) Apollyon, (Gr.) — 12: 9 Great dra- 
gon, old serpent, devil, and Satan. — 9: 10 The accuser of the 
brethren. 

15. Character, employment artd agency of evil spirits. 

Job 1: 7 The Lord said unto Satan, Whence comest thou? 
Then Satan answered the Lord, and said. From going to and 
fro in the earth, and from walking up and down in it. 

Mat. 13: 19 When any one heareth the word of the king- 
dom, and understandeth it not, then cometh the wicked one, 
and catcheth away that which was sown in his heart. 38 The 
field is the world ; the good seed are the children of the king- 
dom ; but the tares are the children of the wicked one ; 39 
The enemr that sowed them is the devil. 
SO 



AK6ELS APOSTATE. 15 



Their character and employment. 



I/k. 4: 5 The devil, taking him up into a high mountain, 
shewed unto him all the kingdoms of the world in a moment 
of time. — 8: 12 Those by the way-side, are they that hear; 
then Cometh the devil, and taketh away the word out of their 
hearts, lest they should believe and be saved. — 22: 31 The 
Lord said, Simon, Simon, behold, Satan hath desired to ham 
you, that he may sift you as wheat. 

Jn. 8: 44 Ye are of ffour father the devil, and the lusts of 
your father ye will do : he was a murderer from the beginning, 
and abode not in the truth ; because there is no truth in him. 
When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own : for he is a 
liar, and the father of it — 13: 2 Supper being ended, (the 
devil having now put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon's 
«on, to betray him.) 

Ac. 5: 3 Peter said, Ananias, why hath Satan filled thine 
heart to lie to the Holy Ghost, and to keep back part of the 
price of the land? 

2 Cor. 2: 11 Lest Satan should get an advantage of us : for 
we are not ignorant of his devices. — 4: 4 Li whom the god of 
this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, 
lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the im- 
age of God, should shine unto them. 

Ep. 2: 2 Wherein in time past ye walked according to the 
course of this world, according to the prince of the power of 
the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobe- 
dience. — 6: 12 We wrestle not against flesh and blood, but 
against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the 
darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high 
places. 

2 Tim. 2: 20 That they may recover themselves out of the 
snare of the devil, who are taken captive by him at his wilL 

1 Pet. 5: 8 Be sober, be vigilant ; because your adversary 
the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he 
may devour. 

Rev. 2: 24 Unto you I say, and unto the rest in Thvatira, 
As many as have not this doctrine, and which have not known 
the depths of Satan, as they speak ; I will put upon you none 
other burden. — 12: 9 The great dragon was cast out, that old 
serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole 
world. 10 I heard a loud voice saying in heaven, Now is 
come salvation, and strength, and the kingdom of our God, 
and the power of his Christ : for the accuser of our brethren 
is cast down which accused them before our God day and 
night. 12 Therefore rejoice, ye heavens, and ye that dwell in 
them. Wo to the iAhabiters of the earth, and of the sea ! for 

81 



16, 17 AKGELS APOSTATE. 

Their deyices — Suggcstioiu of. 

the devil is come down unto jou, having great wrath, because 
he knoweth that he hath but a short time. — 20: 7 When the 
thousand years are expired, Satan shall be loosed out of his 
prison, 8 And shall go out to deceive the nations. 

16. By what mean» and devices do apostate angds lead mankind into sin 
and deaSif 

Gen. 3: 13 The serpent beguiled me, and I did eat. 

1 Ch. 21: 1 Satan stood up against Israel, and provoked 
David to number IsraeL ^ 

2 Cor. 11: 3 I fear, lest by any means, as the serpent be- 
guiled Eve through his subtilty, so your minds should be 
oorrupted from the simplicity that is in Christ. 14 And no 
marvel; for Satan himself is transformed into an angel of 

Ught. 

2 Th. 2: 9 JEven Aim, whose coming is aflter the working o£ 
Satan, with all power, and signs, and lying wonders. 10 And 
with all deceivableness of unrighteousness in them that perish. 

1 Tim. 4: 1 The Spirit speaketh expressly, that in the latter 
times some shall depart from the faith, giving heed to seducing 
q[>irits, and doctrines of devils. 

2 Tim. 2: 26 That they may recover themselves out of the 
snare of the devil, who are taken captive by him at his will. 

Bev. 16: 13 I saw three unclean spirits like frogs come out 
of the mouth of the dragon, and out of the mouth of the 
beast, and out of the mouth of the false prophet 14 For they 
are the spirits of devils, working miracles, which go forth unto 
the kings of the earth, and of the whole world, to gather them 
to the battle of that great day of God Almighty. 

[See 474,- 702.] 

17. Suggestions of the adoenanf. 

1. Thai nnnerswiU escape thncOen^dpvnvUhmetU, 

Gen. 3: 4 The serpent said unto the woman. Ye shall not 
surely die : 5 For God doth know, that in the day ye eat 
thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as 
gods, knowing good and evil. 

S. T^uaiiien is nothing InUst^fiahnesa in rdigion. 

Job 1: 9 Satan answered the Lord and said, Doth Job 
fear God for nought ? 10 Hast not thou made a hedge about 
him, and about his house, and about all that he hath on every 
side ? thou hast blessed the work of his hands and his sub- 
stance is increased in the land. 11 But put forth thine hand 
now, and touch all that he hath, and he will curse thee to thy 

fikoe. 

32 



ANGELS APOSTATE — APOSTATES* * 18, 19 



To be resisted — Cases of apOi>tat(y. 



8. That means are useless^ where t/ie end is divinely appointed. 

Mat 4: 5 The devil taketh him up into the holy city, and 
setteth him on a pinnacle of the temple, 6 And saith unto 
him, If thou be the Son of God cast thyself down, for it is 
written, He shall give his angels charge concerning thee : and 
in their hands they shall beai* thee up, lest at any time thou 
dash thy foot against a stone. [See 257.J 

4. Forbidding matrimony and the use of meats. 

1 Tim. 4: 1 The Spirit spedketh expressly, that in the lat- 
ter times some shall depart from the faith, giving heed to 
seducing spirits, and doctrines of devils ; 2 Speaking lies in 
hypocrisy, having their conscience seared with a hot iron; 
3 Forbidding to marry, and commanding to abstain from meats^ 
which God hath created to be received with thanksgiving of 
them which believe and know the truth. 

18. Apostate angels to be resisted. 

Ep. 4: 27 Neither give place to the devil. — 6: 12 We 
•wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities^ 
against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this 
world, against spiritual wickedness in lagh places. 13 Where- 
fore take unto you the whole armor of God, that ye may be 
able to withstand in the evil day, and having done fiJl to stand. 

Jam. 4: 7 Resist the devil, and he will flee from you. 

1 Fet. 5: 8 Be sober, be vigilant ; because your adversary 
the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he 
may devour. 9 Whom resist steadfast in the faith. 

[See 477, 738.] 

APOSTATES. 

19. Gases of real and supposed apostasy — warnings — fearful end ef 
apostates. 

1 S. 15: 11 It repenteth me that I have set up Saul to he 
king : for he is turned back from following me, and hath not 
performed my commandments. 

1 Ch. 28: 9 And thou, Solomon my son, know thou the God 
of thy father, and serve- him with a perfect heart, and with a 
willing mind : for the Lord searcheth all hearts, and undeiv 
standeth all the imaginations of the thoughts : if thou seek 
him, he will be found of thee ; but if thou forsake him, he will 
cast thee oflT for ever. 

Ezk. 3: 20 When a righteous man doth turn from his right- 
eousness, and commit iniquity, and I lay a stumbling-block 
before him, he shall die: because thou hast not given him 
warning, he shall die in his sin, and his righteousness which he 

S3 



90 APOSTATES. 



End of — Hard to rccMm. 



hath done shall not be remembered ; but his blood will I re- 
quire at thine hand. — 18: 24 — 33: 18 When the right- 
eous tumeth from his righteousness, and committeth iniquity, 
he shall even die thereby. 

Hos. 6: 4 O Ephraimj what shall I do unto thee ? O Judah, 
what shall I do unto thee ? for your goodness is as a morning 
doud, and as the early dew it goeth away. 

Mat. 25: 8 The foolish said unto the wise, Give us of your 
oil : for our lamps are gone out. 

Lk. 9: 62 Jesus said unto him, No man having put his 
hand to the plough, and looking back, is fit for the kingdom of 
God. 

Jn. 6: 66 From that time many of his disciples went back, 
and walked no more with him. 

Gal. 5: 4 Christ is become of no effect unto you, whosoever 
of you are justified by the law ; yo are fallen from grace. 

1 Tim. 1: 19 Holding faith and a good conscience; which 
some having put away, concerning faith have made shipwreck. 

2 Tim. 1: 15 This thou knowest, that all they which are in 
Asia be turned away from me ; of whom are Phygellus and 
Hermogenes. 

2 Pet. 2: 20 If after they have escaped the pollutions of the 
world through the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus 
Christ, they are again entangled therein, and overcome* the 
latter end is worse with them than the beginning. 21 For it 
had been better for them not to have known the way of right- 
eousness, than, after they have known it, to turn fix)m the holy 
commandment delivered unto them. 22 But it is happened unto 
them according to the true proverb. The dog is turned to his 
own vomit again ; and, The sow that was washed, to her wal- 
lowing in the mire. [See 23, 27.] 

20. Apostates hard to reclaim, 

Heb. 6: 4l It is impossible for those who were once enlight- 
ened, and have tasted of the heavenly gift, and were made 
partakers of the Holy Ghost, 5 And have tasted the good 
word of God, and the powers of the world to come, 6 If 
they shall fall away, to renew them again unto repentance ; 
seeing they crucify to themselves the Son of God afresh, and 
put him to an open shame. — 10: 26 If we sin wilfully after 
that we have received the knowledge of the truth, there re- 
maineth no more sacrifice for sins, 27 But a certain fearful 
looking for of judgment and fiery indignation, which shall 
devour the adversaries. 
34 



ATHEIflK. 21, 22 

Theorettcal and pnotieaL 



81. Were Apostates ever tndjf regenerated f 

Mot. 7: 22 Many wiU say to me in that day, Lord, Lord^ 
have we not prophesied in thy name? and in thy name have 
cast out devils ? and in thy name done many wonderful works? 
28 And then will I profess unto them, I never knew you: 
depart from me, ye that work iniquity. 

Mat. 15: 13 Eveij plant, which my heavenly Father hath 
not planted, shall be rooted up. 

Mk. 4: 16 These are they likewise which are sown on stony 
ground ; who, when they have heard the word, immediately 
receive it with gladness ; 17 And have no root in themselves, 
and so endure but for a time : afterward, when affliction or 
persecution ariseth for the word's sake, immediately they are 
offended. 

Jn. 6: 70 Jesus answered them, Have not I chosen you 
twelve, and one of you is a devil? — 17: 12 While I was with 
them in the world, I kept them in thy name : those that thou 
gavest me I have kept, and none of them is lost, but the scm 
of perdition ; that the Scripture might be fulfilled. 

1 Jn. 2: 19 They went out from us, but they were not of us ; 
for if they had been of us, they would no doubt have continued 
with us : but they went oiUj that they might be made manifest 
that they were not all of us. [See 515 — 517.] 

ATHEISM. 
22. Theoretical and prOiCtical Atheism, 

Ex. 5: 2 Pharaoh said, Who is the Lobd, that I should 
obey his voice to let Israel go ? I know not the Lord, neither 
will I let Israel go. 

Job 21: 14 They say unto God, Depart from us ; for we 
desire not the knowledge of thy ways. 15 What is the Al- 
mighty, that we should serve him ? and what profit should we 
have, if we pray unto him ? 

Ps. 10: 4 The wicked, through the pride of his countenance, 
wiU not seek after God: Grod is not in all his thoughts. — 14: 
1 The fool hath said in his heart, TTiere is no God. — 59: 7 
Behold, they belch out with their mouth : swords are in their 
lips : for who, sai/ they, doth hear ? 

Is. 22: 13 Let us eat and drink ; for to-morrow we shall 
die. 

Ezk. 8: 12 They say, The Lobd seeth us not ; the Lobd 
hath forsaken the earth. 

Eom. 3: 18 There is no fear of Grod before their eyes. 

Ep. 2: 12 At that time ye were without Christ, being aliens 

35 



I 



^ BACKSLIDING. 



Exemplified — Cautious. 



ftom the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the 
oovenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the 
world. 

2 Pet. 3: 3 There shall come in the last days scoflfers, walk- 
ing after their own lusts, 4 And saying, Where is the prom- 
ise of his coming ? for since the fathers fell asleep, all things 
continue as the^ were from the beginning of the creation. 
. [See 200, 568, 692—3, 695, 705, 708.] 

BACKSLtDING. 
28. Examples of backsliding — cautions. 

. Ex. 32: 1 When the people saw that Moses delayed to 
come down out of the mount, the people gathered themselves 
together unto Aaron, and said unto him, Up, make us gods 
which shall go before us : for as for this Moses, the man that 
brought us up out of the land of Egypt, we wot not what is 
become of him. 2 And Aaron said unto them, Break off the 
golden ear-rings which are in the ears of your wives, of your 
sons, and of your daughters, and bring ihein unto me. 3 And 
all the people brake off the golden ear-rings which were in 
their ears, and brought them unto Aaron. 4 And he received 
them at their hand, and fashioned it with a graving tool, after 
he had made it a molten calf: and they said, These be thy 
gods, O Israel, which brought thee up out of the land of 
Egypt 5 And when Aaron saw it, he built an altar before 
it ; and Aaron made proclamation, and said. To-morrow is a 
feast to the Lord. 6 And they rose up early on the morrow, 
and offered burnt-offerings, and brought peace-offerings : and 
the people sat down to eat and to drink, and rose up to play. 

2 S. 12: 7 Nathan said to David, Thou art the man. 9 
Wherefore hast thou despised the commandment of the Lord, 
to do evil in his sight ? thou hast killed Uriah the Hittite with 
the sword, and hast taken his wife to be thy wife, and hast slain 
him with the sword of the children of Ammon. 

1 K. 11: 4 It came to pass, when Solomon was old, that his 
wives turned away his heart ailer other gods : and his heart 
was not perfect with the Lord his God, as was the heart of 
David his father. 

2 Ch. 16: 7 At that time Hanani the seer came to Asa king 
of Judah, and said unto him. Because thou hast relied on the 
king of Syria, and not relied on the Lord thy God, therefore 
is Sae host of the king of Syria escaped out of thine hand. 
B Were not the Ethiopians and the Lubims a huge host, with 

S6 



BACKBLIDIirG^ M 

"Barfcriidets pfone to mnnmir. 

Terj many chariots and horsemen? yet, because thoa didst 
lely on the Lori>, he delivered them into thine hand. 9 
Herein thou hast done foolishly: therefore from henceforth 
thoa shalt have wars. 10 Then Asa was wroth with the seer, 
and put him in a prison-house ; for he wtu in a rage with him 
because of this thing. And Asa oppressed tome of the people 
the same time. 

Jer. 8: 5 Why then is this people of Jerusalem slidden back 
by a perpetual backsliding ? they hold fast deceit, they refuse 
to return. 

Hos. 11: 7 My people are bent to backsliding from me: 
though they called them to the Most High, none at all would 
exalt him. 

Mat. 16: 6 Jesus said unto them. Take heed and beware of 
the leaven of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees. 

[See 19, 695.] 

24. Badcdiden prone to murmur^ despond^ and distrust providence. 

G«Du 42: 36 Jacob their £sUher said unto them. Me have ye 
bereaved of my children : Joseph is not, and Simeon is not, 
and ye will take Benjamin away : all these things are against 
me. 

1 K. 19: 4 Elijah went a day's journey into the wilderness, 
and came and sat down under a juniper-tree : and he requested 
for himself that he might die : and said. It is enough ; now, O 
LoBD, take away my life ; for I can not better than my fathers. 

Job. 3: 1 After this Job opened his mouth, and cursed his 
day. 

Ps. 73: 2 As for me, my feet were almost gone ; my steps 
nad well nigh slipped. 3 For I was envious at the foolish, 
when I saw the prosperity of tiie wicked. 13 Verily I have 
cleansed my heart in vain, and washed my hands in innocency 
14 For all the day long have I been pk^ed, and chastened 
every morning. 

Is. 49: 14 But Zion said, The Lobd hath forsaken me, and 
my Lord hath forgotten me. 

Jer. 20: 14 Cursed be the day wherein I was bom. 

Lam. 3: 2 He hath led me, and brought me into darknesS; 
but not into light. 3 Surely against me is he turned ; he tum- 
eth bis hand against me all the day. 7 He hath hedged me 
about, that I cannot get out : he hath made my chain heavy. 
8 Also when I cry and shout, he shutteth out my prayer. 

Jonah 4: 1 It displeased Jonah exceedingly, and he was 
very angiy. 2 And he prayed unto the Lord, and said, I 
praj thoe, O Lobd, tmu not this my saying, iibeiil^%& 1^ 

4 ^ 



25 — 21 BACKSLIDING. 



BacksUden ixueiifible — in darkness — threatened. 



in mj oountrj ? Therefore I fled before unto Tarshish : Ibr I 
knew that thou art a gracious God, and merciful, glow to angeri 
and of great kindness, and repentest thee of the eviL 3 
Therefore now, O Lord, take, I beseech thee, mj life from 
me; for it is better for me to die than to live. 4 Then said 
the Lord, Doest thou well to be angry ? 
[See 9, 171, 272, 700.] 

25. Backdiders insenmJtie of their state, 

Hos. 7: 8 Ephraim is a cake not turned. 9 Strangers have 
devoured his strength, and he knoweth it not : yea, gray hairs 
are here and there upon him, yet he knoweth not. 

Bom. 2: 17 Behold, thou art called a Jew, and restest in the 
law, and makest thy boast of God, 18 And knoWest his will, 
and approvest the things that are more excellent, being in- 
structed out of the law, 19 And art confident that thou thy- 
self art a guide of the blind, a light of them which are in 
darkness. 

Bev. 3: 17 Because thou sayest, I am rich, and increased 
with goods, and have need of nothing ; and knowest not that 
thou art wretched, and miserable, and poor, and blind, and 
naked. [See 704] 

26. Backsliders toalk in darkness. 

Job 23: 8 Behold, I go forward, but he is not there ; and 
backward, but I cannot perceive him: 9 On the lefl hand, 
where he doth work, but I cannot behold him : he hideth him- 
self on the right hand, that I cannot see him. 

Is. 59: 2 Your iniquities have separated between you and 
your God, and your sins have hid his face from you, that he 
will not hear. 

Mat. 6: 22 The light of the body is the eye : if therefore 
ihine eye be single, thy whole body shall be full of light. 23 
But if thine eye be e^ thy whole body shall be full of dark- 
ness. If therefore the light that is in thee be darkness, how 
great is that darkness 1 [See 707.] 

27. Backsliders threatened and visited ivith evils. 

£x. 32: 9 The Lord said unto Moses, I have seen this 
people, and behold, it is a stiff-necked people : 10 Now there- 
mre let me alone, that my wrath may wax hot against them, 
and that I may consume them : and I will make of thee a 
great nation. 

Ezra 8: 22 The hand of our God is upon all them for good 
that seek him ; but his power and his wrath is against all Saem 
that forsake him. 
38 



BA0K8LIDINO. 88| 29 



Backsliders called to repentance — hard to reclaim. 



Pr. 14: 14 The backslider in heart shall be filled with his 
own ways : and a good man shaU he satisfied from himself. 

Jer. 2: 19 Thine own wickedness shall correct thee, and 
ihy backslidings shall reprove thee : know therefore and sea 
that it is an evil thing and bitter, that thou hast forsaken the 
Lord thy God, and that my fear is not in thee, saith the Lord 
God of hosts. 

Hos. 6: 4 O Ephraim, what shall I do unto thee ? O Judah, 
what shall I do unto thee ? for your goodness is as a morning 
doad, and as the early dew it goeth away. 5 Therefore liave 
I hewed them by the prophets ; I have slain them by the worda 
of my mouth : and thy judgments are as the light Uial goeth 
^ortli. 

Zep. 1: 4 I will cut off the name of the Chemarims with 
the priests : 6 And them that are turned back from the Lord. 

Heb. 10: 38 The just shall live by faith : but if any man 
draw back, my soul shall have no pleasure in him. [See 19.j 

28. Backsliders called to repejitance, 

Jer. 3: 14 Turn, O backsliding children, saith the Lord ; 
for I am married unto you : and I will take you one of a city, 
and two of a family, and I will bring you to Zion : 22 Re- 
turn, ye backsliding children, and I will heal your back- 
slidings. 

Hos. 10: 12 Sow to yourselves in righteousness, reap in 
mercy ; break up your fallow ground : for it is time to seek the 
Lord, till he come and rain righteousness upon you. — 14: 1 O 
Israel, return unto the Lord thy God ; for thou hast fallen by 
thine iniquity. 2 Take with you words, and turn to the Lord : 
say unto him, Take away all iniquity, and receive its graciously : 
so will we render the calves of our lips. 

Bev. 2: 4 I have somewhat against thee, because thou hast 
left thy first love. 5 Kemember therefore from whence thou 
art fallen, and repent, and do the first works ; or else I will 
come unto thee quickly, and will remove thy candlestick out of 
his place, except thou repent. — 3: 1 I know thy works, that 
thou hast a name that thou livest, and art dead. 2 Be watchful, 
and strengthen the things which remain, that are ready to 
die : for I have not found thy works perfect before God. 8 
Semember therefore how thou hast received and heard, and 
hold fast, and repent. If therefore thou shalt not watch, I will 
come on thee as a thie^ and thou shalt not know what hour I 
will come upon thee. 

29. Backsliders hard to reclaim — need re-conversion. 

Lk. 22: 31 The Lord said^ Simon, Sunon, behold, Satan haOr 

89 



dO, 81 BAFTIBM. 

Backsliders sometimes repent — Mosaic baptisms. 

desired to have jou, that he m^ sift ^ot£ as wheat : 32 Bnt I 
have prayed for thee, that thy mith fail not : and when thou art 
converted, strengthen thy brethren. 

Gal. 4: 19 My little children, of whom I travail in birth 
again, until Christ be formed in you, 20 I desire to be present 
with you now, and to change my voice ; for I stand in doubt 
of you. [See 143, 16G.] 

so. Backsliders, icfien reclaimed, heartily repent and confess their sins. 

Job 40: 3 'Job answered the Lord, and said, 4 Behold, I 
am vile ; what shall I answer thee ? I will lay my hand upon 
my mouth. 5 Once have I spoken ; but I will not answer : yea, 
twice ; but I will proceed no further. 

Ps. 102: 3 My days are consumed like smoke, and my bones 
are burned as an hearth. 4 My heart is smitten, and withered 
like grass ; so that I forget to eat my bread. 5 By reason of 
the voice of my groaning my bones cleave to my skin. 6 I 
am like a pelican of the wilderness : I am like an owl of the 
desert. 7 I watch, and am as a sparrow alone upon the 
house-top. [See 124, 35G, 603.] 

BAPTISM. 
31. Mosaic wijihinf/s, ^-c. 

Ex. 29: 4 Aaron and his sons thou shalt bring unto the door 
of the tabernacle of the congregation, and shalt wash them with 
water. 

Lev. 8: 5 Moses said unto the congregation. This is the thing 
which the Lord commanded to be done. 6 And Moses brought 
Aaron and his sons, and washed them with water. ■ 

Num. 8: 5 The Lord spake unto Moses, saying, 6 Take 
the Levites from among the children of Israel, and cleanse 
them. 7 And thus shalt thou do unto them, to cleanse them : 
Sprinkle water of purifying upon them, and let them shave all 
their flesh, and let them wash their clothes, and so make them- 
selves clean. 

Mk. 7: 2 When they saw some of his disciples eat bread with 
deliled (that is to say, with unwashen) hands, they found fault. 
3 For the Pharisees, and all the Jews, except they wash their 
hands oft, eat not, holding the tradition of the elders. 4 And 
when they come from the market, except they wash [Gr. Bap' 
tisontai,'] they eat not. And many other things there be, which 
they have received to hold, as the washing [Gr. haptismoiui] 
of cups, and pots, and brazen vessels, and tables. 

Lk. 11: 38 When the Pharisee saw it, he marvelled that he 
bad not first washed [Gr. ebaptisthe] before dinner. 
40 



BAPTISIL 89 

FIgantiTO bftpQsin. 



Heb. 9: 10 WMch stood only in meats and drinks, and diven 
washings [Gr. htiptismois,'] and carnal ordinances, imposed on 
tkem until the time of reformation. 

32. Figurative cleansing, baptisms and circumcuion. 

Pa. 51: 2 Wash me thoroughly from mine iniquity, and 
deanse me from my sin. 7 Purge me with hyssop, and I shall 
be dean : wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow. 

Is. 4: 4 When the Lord shall have washed away the filth 
of the daughters of Zion. 

Mat 3: 11 He shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost, and 
with fire. — 20: 22 Jesus answered and said, Ye know not 
what ye ask. Are ye able to drink of the cup that I shall 
drink o^ and to be baptized with the baptism that I am bap- 
tized with? 

lik. 12: 50 I have a baptism to be baptized with ; and how 
am I straitened till it be accomplished ! 

Jn. 3: 5 Jesus answered, Venly, verily, I say unto thee, Ex- 
cept a man be bom of water, and of the Spirit, he cannot enter 
into the kingdom of God. 

Ac. 1: 5 John truly baptized with water ; but ye shall be 
baptized with the Holy Ghost not many days hence. 

Bom. 2: 28 He is not a Jew, which is one outwardly ; neither 
is that circumcision, which is outward in the fiesh : 29 But ha 
is a Jew which is one inwardly ; and circumcision is that of the 
heart, in the spirit, and not in the letter ; whose praise is not 
of men, but of God. — 6: 3 Know ye not that so many of us as 
were baptized into Jesus Christ, were baptized into lus death ? 

4 Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death': 
that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory 
of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life. 

5 For if we have been planted together in the likeness of his 
death, we shall be also in the likeness of his resurrection. 

1 Cor. 10: 1 Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye should 
be ignorant how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and 
ail passed through the sea; 2 And were all baptized unto 
Moses in the cloud and in the sea. — 12: 13 By one Spirit are 
we all baptized into one body, whether we he Jews or Gentiles, 
whether we be bond or free, and have been all made to drink 
into one sphit. 

GraL 3: 27 For as many of you as have been baptized into 
Christ, have put on Christ. 

CoL 2: 1 1 In whom also ye are circumcised with the circum- 
dsion made without hands, in putting oif the body of the sins 
of the flesh by the drcumdsion of Christ: 12 Buried with 

4* 41 



88y 84 BAPTISM. 

John^g baptism — design of — nature of. 

him in bs^tism, wherein also ye are risen with him throngli 
ihe faith of the operation of Gk)d, who hath raised him from the 
dead. 13 And you, being dead in your sins and the uncircum- 
dsion of your Hesh, hath he quickened together with him, 
having forgiven you all trespasses. 

Tit. 3: 5 Not by works of righteousness which we have done, 
but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of re- 
generation, and renewing of the Holy Ghost ; 6 Which he 
&ed on us abundantly, through Jesus Christ our Saviour. 

33. JohrCs baptism, a token of repentance, invxvrd purity, and preparation 
Jor Chrisfs advent. 

Mai. 8: 1 Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall 
prepare the way before me. 

Mk. 1: 4 John did baptize in the wilderness, and preach the 
baptism of repentance, for the remission of sins. 

Lk. 1: 17 He shall go before him in the spirit and power of 
Elias, to turn the hearts of the fathers to the children, and the 
disobedient to the wisdom of the just ; to make ready a people 
prepared for the Lord. — 3: 3 He came into all the country 
about Jordan, preaching the baptism of repentance, for the 
remission of sins ; 4 As it is written in the book of the words 
of Esaias the prophet, saying. The voice of one crying in the 
wilderness. Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths 
straight. [Is. 40: 3.] 

Jn. 1: 30 This is he of whom I said, After me cometh a 
man which is preferred before me ; for he was before me. 31 
And I knew him not : but that he should be made manifest to 
Israel, therefore am I come baptizing with water. 

34. Was Johti's baptism in the name of tJie Holy Ghost 7 

Ac 18: 24 A certain Jew, named ApoUos, bom at Alexan- 
dria, an eloquent man, <xnd mighty in the Scriptures, came to 
Ephesus. 25 This man was instructed in the way of the 
Lord : and being fervent in the spirit, he spake and taught 
diligently the things of the Lord, knowing only the baptism 
of John. — 19: 1 And it came to pass, that while Apollos was 
at Corinth, Paul having passed tlirough the upper coasts, came 
to Ephesus; and finding certain disciples, 2 He said unto 
them. Have ye received the Holy Ghost since ye believed ? 
And they said unto him, We have not so much as heard 
whether there be any Holy Ghost. 3 And he said unto them, 
Unto what then were ye baptized? And they said, Unto 
John's baptism. 4 Then said Paul, John verily baptized with 
the baptism of repentance, saying unto the people, that they 
should believe on him which should come after him, that is, oa 
42 



BAPTisac 35 — 87 

Baptism of Christ — ChrisUAii baptism — proper admiolstnton. 

Christ Jesus. 5 When thej heard thii, thej were baptized in 
the name of the Lord Jesus. 

35. Did Christ sdicit baptism^ to he introduced into the Aaronic priesthood, 
w to sanction the divine ordinance of JohiCs baptism, and " he maae maadfitit 
to Israel ? " 

Mat. 3: 13 Then cometh Jesus &om Gralilee to Jordan unto 
John, to be baptized of him. 14 But John forbade him, sajing, 
I have need to be baptized of thee, and comest thou to me? 
15 And Jesus answering said unto him, Suffer %t to be so now 
for thus it becometh us to fulfil all righteousness. Then he 
suffered him. 

Heb. 7: 11 If therefore perfection were by the Levitical 
priesthood, (for under it the people received the law,) what 
further need was there that another priest should rise ailer the 
order of Melchisedec, and not be called after the order of 
Aaron? 12 For the priesthood being changed, there is made 
of necessity a change also of the law. 13 For he of whom 
these things are spoken pertaineth to another tribe, of which 
no man gave attendance at the altar. 14 For it is evident 
that our Lord sprang out of Juda ; of which tribe Moses spake 
nothing concerning priesthood. 

36. Christian baptism instituted, and enjoined upon believers. 

Mat 28: 18 Jesus came, and spake unto them, saying. All 
power is given unto me in heaven and in earth. 19 Go ye 
therefore and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name 
of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost ; 20 
Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have com* 
manded you : and lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end 
of the world. 

Mk. 1 6: 1 6 He that believeth and is baptized, shall be saved 
but he that believeth not, shall be damned. 

Ac. 2: 38 Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized 
every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ, for the remission 
of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost. — 10: 
48 And he [Peter] commanded them to be baptized in the 
name of the Lord. — 22: 16 Why tarriest thou? arise, and be 
baptized, and wash away thy sins, calling on the name of the 
Lord. 

87. The proper administrators of Christian baptism. 

Mat 28: 19 Go ye therefore and teach all nations, baptizing 
them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the 
Holy Ghost 

Jn. 3: 22 After these things came Jesus and his disciplefl 

43 



86 BAPTISM. 



Proper subjects of. 



mto the land of Jadea ; and there he tarried with them, and 
baptized. 

Ac 8: 12 When they believed Philip, preaching the things 
oonoeming the kingdom of God, and the name of Jesus Christy 
they were baptized both men and women. 

88. The proper subjects of baptism. 

Ac 2: 38 Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized 
eyerj one of you in the name of Jesus Christ, for the remission 
of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost 39 
For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to al] 
that are afar off, even as many as the Lord our Gk)d shall calL 
40 And with many other words did he testify and exhort, say- 
ing, Save yourselves from this untoward generation. 41 Then 
they that gladly received his word, were baptized : and the 
same day there were added unio them about three thousand 
souls. — 8: 36 And as they went on their way, they came unto 
a certain water : and the eunuch said, See, ?iere is water ; what 
doth hinder me to be baptized ? 37 And Philip said, J£ thou 
believest with all thine heart, thou mayest And he answered 
and said, I believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of Grod. — 10: 
46 Then answered Peter, 47 Can any man forbid water, 
that these should not be baptized, which have received the 
Holy Ghost as well as we ? 48 And he conmianded them to 
be baptized in the name of the Lord. — 16: 14 A certain 
woman named Lydia, a seller of purple, of the city of Thyati- 
ra, which worshipped God, heard its: whose heart the Lord 
opened, that she attended unto the things which were spoken 
of Paul. 15 And when she was baptized, and her household, 
she besought us, saying, If ye have judged me to be faithful 
to the Lord, come into my house, and abide there : And she 
constrained us. 29 Then he called for a light, and sprang in, 
and came trembling, and fell down before Paul and Silas; 
80 And brought them out, and said, Sirs, what must I do 
to be saved? 31 And they said. Believe on the Lord Jesus 
Christ, and thou shalt be saved, and thy house. 32 And they 
spake unto him the word of the Lord, and to all that were 
in his house. 33 And he took them the same hour of the 
night, and washed their stripes ; and was baptized, he and all 
his, straightway. 34 And when he had brought them into 
his house, he set meat before them, and rejoiced, believing 
in- God with all his house. — 18: 8 Crispus, the chief ruler 
of the synagogue, believed on the Lord with all his house : 
and many of the Corinthians hearing, believed, and nyore 
bMrtueed. 
44 



BAFTIfiH— BIBLB. 89, 40 



Mode of— BlUe — Sospiratlon of. 



1 Cor. 1: 16 I baptized also tlie hoiuehold of Stephanas | 
besides, I know not whether I bapdzod any other. 
[See 117—121.] 

39. Mode of baptism. 

1. Passagef referred to by those who immerse. 

Mat. 3: 5 Then went out to him Jertisaletn, and all Judea, 
and ail the region round about Jordan, 6 And were baptized 
of him in Jordan, confessing their sins. 16 Anu Je^us, when 
he was baptized, went up straightway out of the waiei. 

Jn. 3: 23 Jolm also was baptizing in .Skion, near tu Galim, 
because there was much water there : and they came, and were 
baptized. 

Ac 8: 38 He commanded the chariot to stand still: and 
they went down both into the water, both Philip and the 
eunuch ; and he baptized bim. 39 And when they were come 
up out of the water, the Spirit ot the Loru caught away Philip, 
that the eunuch saw him no more. 

GoL 2: 12 Buried with him in baptism, wherein also ye are 
risen with ?dm through the faith of the operation of Gfod, who 
hath raised him from the dead. Eom. 6: 4. f See 32.] 

2. Passttgts rtfened to by those toho tprUtkle orpovr. 

Is. 44: 3 I will pour water upon him that is thirsty, and 
floods upon the dry ground : I will pour my Spirit upon thy 
seed, and my blessing upon thine offspring. — 52: 15 So shall 
he sprinkle many nations^ 

Ezk. 36: 25 Then will I sprinkle dean water upon you, and 
ye shall be clean : from all your filthiness, and from all your 
idols, will I cleanse you. [Num. 8: 7.] 

Heb. 10: 22 Let us draw near with a true heart, in fuU 
assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil 
conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water. — 12: 
24 To Jesus the Mediator of the new covenant, and to the 
blood of sprinkling, that speaketh better things than that of 
Abel. 

1 Pet. 1: 2 Elect according to the foreknowledge of Grod 
the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience 
and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ. [See 31, 620.] 

BIBLE. 

40. Bibie^ the inspired word of God. 

2 S. 23: 1 The sweet psalmist of Israel, said, 2 The Spirit 
of the LoBD spake by me, and his word was in my tongue. 

45 



40 BIBLE. 



M*« 



Inspiration of. 



8 K. 17: 13 The Lord testified against Israel, and against 
Judah, hy all the prophets, and by all the seers, saying, Tom 
ye from your evil ways, and keep my commandments, and 
my statutes, according to all the law which I commanded 
your fathers, and which I sent to you by my servants the 
prophets. 

2 Ch. 34: 21 Our fathers have not kept the word of the 
Lord, to do after all that is written in this book. — 36: 21 To 
fulfil the word of the Lord by the mouth of Jeremiah. 

Neh. 9: 30 Many years didst thou forbear them, and testifi- 
edst against them by thy Spirit in thy prophets. 

Jer. 1: 9 Then the Lord put forth his hand, and touched 
my mouth. And the Lord said unto me, Behold, I have put 
my words in thy mouth. — 36: 1 And it came to pass in the 
fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Jndah, 
that this word came unto Jeremiah from the /Lord, saying 
2 Take thee a roll of a book, and write therein all the wordfi 
that I have spoken unto thee against Israel, and against Judah, 
and against all the nations, from the day I spake unto thee, 
from the days of Josiah, even unto this day. 

Zee. 7: 12 Yea, they made their hearts as an adamant 
stone, lest they should hear the law, and the words which the 
Lord of hosts hath sent in his Spirit by the former prophets : 
therefore came a great wrath from the Lord of hosts. 

Lk. 1: 70 As he spake by the mouth of his holy prophets, 
which have been since the world began. 

Ac 1: 16 Men and brethren, this scripture must needs 
have been fulfilled, which the Holy Ghost, by the mouth of 
David spake before concerning Judas, which was guide to 
them that took Jesus. — 3: 18 Those things which God before 
had shewed by tlie mouth of all his prophets, that Christ 
should suflfer, he hath so fulfilled — 28: 25 And when they 
agreed not among themselves, they departed, after that Paul 
had spoken one word. Well spake the Holy Ghost by E^saias 
the prophet unto our fathers. 

Itom. 3: 2 Unto them were committed the oracles of God. 

[1 Pet. 4: 11.] 

1 Cor. 2: 12 Now we have received, not the spirit of the 
world, but the Spirit which is of God ; that we might know 
the things that are freely given to us of God. 13 Which 
things also we speak, not in the words which man's wisdom 
teacheth, but which the Holy Ghost teacheth ; comparing spi- 
ritual things with spiritual. 

Gtel. 1: 11 I certify you, brethren, that the gospel which 
was preached of me is not after man: 12 For I neither 
46 



Ii»!»irad->evOT]Mtti« truth --wUl be lUfllML ^ 

received it of man^ neither was I taogfat ity but by the reyela- 
ti<m of Jesus Christ 

1 Th. 2: 13 For this cause also thank we God without cea»- 
ingy because, when ye received the word of Gk>d which ye 
heard of us, ye received tt not as the word of men, but (as 
it is in truth) the word of Grod, which effectually worketh alBO 
in you that believe. 

2 Tim. 3: 16 All scripture ts given by inspiration of Grod, 
and 18 profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for 
instruction in righteousness : 17 That the man of Gk)d may 
be perfect, thoroughly furnished unto all good works. 

Heb. 1: 1 God, who at sundry times and in divers manners 
spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets, 2 Hath 
in these last days spoken unto us by Ins Son. 

2 Pet. 1 18 This voice which came from heaven we heard, 
when we were with him in the holy mount 19 We have 
also a more sure word of prophecy : whereunto ye do well 
that ye take heed, as unto a light that shineth in a dark place, 
nntil the day dawn, and the day-star arise in your hearts s 
20 Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of 
any private interpretation. 21 For the prophecy came not in 
old time by the will of man ; but holy men of God spake at 
they were moved by the Holy Ghost 

41. BHHb^ the everlasting truth of God. 

Ps. 19: 9 The fear of the Lord ts clean, enduring for ever: 
the judgments of the Lord are true and righteous altogether. 

— 93: 5 Thy testimonies are very sure. — 119: 142 Thy law 
if the truth. 

Is. 25: 1 Thy counsels of old are faithfulness and truth. •— 
40: 8 The grass withereth, the flower fadeth : but the word of 
our Qod shall stand for ever. 

42. Bible will be ftilJiUed. 

Mat. 5: 17 Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or 
the prophets : I am not come to destroy, but to fuLQl. 18 For 
verily, I say unto you. Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or 
one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled. 

— 24: 35 Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my words 
shall not pass away. 

Lk. 16: 17 It is easier for heaven and earth to pass, than 
one tittle of the law to faiL — 24: 44 He said unto to them, 
These are the words which I spake unto you, while I was yet 
with you, that all things must be fiilfilled which were written 
in the law of Moses, and in the prophets, and in the psalms, 

cmoemuupme^ 

47 



48, 44 BIBLE. 

Cooflimed by miraelM — oonfinned by prophet^. 

Jn. 10: 35. The scripture cannot be broken. 

Ac 1: 16 Men and brethren, this scripture must needs have 
been fulfilled, which the Holy Ghost by the mouth of David 
spake before concerning Judas, which was guide to them that 
took JesuS. — 3: 18. But those things which Grod before had 
shewed by the mouth of all his prophets, that Christ should 
suffer, he hath so fuMlled. [See 284.] 

48. Miracles vmmght to cor^firm the vxrd of God, 

Exod. 4: 4. The Lobd said unto Moses, Put forth thine 
hand, and take it by the tail. And he put forth his hand, and 
caught it, and it became a rod in his hand: 5 That they 
may believe that the Lord God of their fathers, the God of 
Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the Grod of Jacob, hath ap- 
peared unto thee. — 14: 31 Israel saw that great work which 
the Lord did upon the Egyptians : and the people feared the 
Lord, and believed the Lord, and his servant Moses. — 19: 
9 The Lord said unto Moses, Lo, I come unto thee in a thick 
doud, that the people may hear when I speak with thee, and 
believe thee for ever. 

1 EL 18: 38 Then the fire of the Lord fell, and consumed 
ihe burnt-sacrifice, and the wood, and the stones, and the dust, 
and licked up the water that was in the trench. 39 And when 
all the people saw it, they fell on their faces : and they said, 
The Lord, he is the Gk)d ; the Lord he is the God. 

Mk. 16: 20 They went forth, and preached every where, 
the Lord working with them, and confirming the word with 
signs following. 

Jn. 3: 1 There was a man of the Pharisees named Nicode- 
mus, a ruler of the Jews : 2 The same came to Jesus by 
night, and said unto him, Rabbi, we know that thou art a 
teacher come from God; for no man can do these miracles 
that thou doest, except God be with him. 

Ac 8: 6. The people with one accord gave heed unto those 
things which Philip spake, hearing and seeing the miracles 
which he did. — 14: 3 Long time therefore abode they speak- 
ing boldly in the Lord, which gave testimony unto the word 
of his grace, and granted signs and wonders to be done by 
their hands. 

Heb. 2: 4 God also bearing them witness, both with signs 
and wonders, and with divers miracles, and gifts of the Holy 
Ghost. [See 77.] 

44. BiJtie confirmed by prophecy. 

Gen. 49: 10 The sceptre shaU not depart from Judah, nor a 
48 



BCBLE. 45 

Confirmed by propbeey — its internal eridences. 

lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come : and nnto 
him zkall the gathering of the people he. 

See also David's prophecy df the resurrection of Christ, 
(Ps. 16: 10;) — and Isaiah's prediction of Christ, (Is. 7: 14, 
and 35: 3 — 6 ; and 5dd chap, entire ;) — and his prophecy 
against Babylon, (Is. 13: 17—22, and 14: 22, 23; and 47tti 
chap, entire;) and his prophecy of (IJyrus, (Is. 45: 1 — 8;) 
and Jeremiah's prophecy against Babylon, (Jer. 50: 23—40, 
and 51: 30 — 44 ;) and Ezekiel's prophecy respecting the 
overthrow of Tyr^ (Ezk. 26: 7 — 11 ;) and Nebuchadnezzar's 
invasion of Egypt, (Ezk. 29: 18—20 ;) and Daniel's mter- 
pretation of Nebuchadnezzar's dream, (Dan. 2: 31 — 35;) — 
and his prophecy respecting the rise and power of antichrist, 
(Dan. 7: 24, 25, and chapters 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12, entire ;) 
— and Nahum's prophecy respecting the overthrow of Nine- 
veh, in the 2d and 3d chapters of Nahum ; and Zephaniah's 
prophecy against Ninefeh, (Zep. 2: 13 — 15;) — and Zecha- 
riah's prediction respecting the 30 pieces of silver paid Judas, 
(Zee. 11: 12, 13;) — and Christ's prophecy respecting the 
Temple, (Mat 24: 1, 2, 15, 16, 21 ;) and respecting Jerusa- 
lem, (Lk. 19: 43, 44 ;) and Paul's prophecy respecting the man 
of sin, (2 Th. 2: 3, 4.) 

45. Bible confirmed by its iiUamcd evidences. 
L By revelations above reason and human capacity. 

GeiL 1: 1 In the beginning Grod created the heaven and the 
earth. 

Ps. 19: 12 Who can understand Ms errors? — 49: 11 Their 
inward thought is, that their houses shall continue for ever, and 
their dwelling-places to all generations ; they call their lands 
after their own names. 

Pr. 16: 4 The Lord hath made all things for himself: yea, 
even the wicked for the day of eviL 

Is. 40: 17 All nations before him are as nothing ; and they 
are counted to him less than nothing, and vanity. 

Jer. 17: 9 The heart is deceitful above all things, and des- 
perately wicked : who can know it ? 

1 Cor. 15: 35 Some man wiU say, How are the dead raised 
up ? and with what body do they come ? 44 It is sown a nat- 
ural body, it is raised a spiritual body. There is a natural 
body, and there is a spiritual body. 

2 Tim. 1: 10 But is now made manifest by the appearing 
of our Saviour Jesus Christ, who hath abolished death, and 
hath brought life and immortality to light through the gospel. 

2 Pet. 3: 10 The day of the Loi-d will come as a thief in 

5 49 



46 BIBLE. 



The txue staDdard. 



i > 



the night ; in the which the heavens shall pass away with a 
great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the 
earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned ap. 

1 Jn. 4: 8 He that loveth not, knoweth not Grod ; for Grod 
IS love. — 5: 7 There are three that bear record in heaven, the 
Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost : and these three are 
one. 

Rev. 20: 1 1 I saw a great white throne, and him that sat oa 
it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away ; and 
there was found no place for them. — 22: 16 I am the root and 
ihe ofispring of David, and the bright and morning-star. 

2. By the puritff of its requirements. 

Ps. 119: 7 The law of the Lord is perfect, converting the 
soul : the testimony of the Lord is sure, making wise the 
simple. 8 The statutes of the Lord are right, rejoicing the 
heart : the commandment of the Lord is pure, enlightening 
the eyes. 9 The fear of the Lord is clean, enduring for ever: 
the judgments of the Lord are true and righteous altogether. 

Pr. 30: 5 Eveiy word of Grod is pure : he is a shield unto 
them that put their trust in him. [See 47, 285.] 

46. Bible, tJte true standard of faith and practice — danger of false stand' 
ards. 

Is. 8: 20 To the law and to the testimony : if they speak 
not according to this word, it is because there is no light in 
them. 

Mat. 15: 3 He answered and said unto them. Why do ye 
also transgress the commandment of God by your tradition ? 

4 For Grod commanded, saying. Honor thy father and mother: 
and, He that curseth father or mother, let him die the death. 

5 But ye say, Whosoever shall say to his father or his mother, 
M is a gift, by whatsoever thou mightest be profited by me ; 

6 And. honor not his father or his mother, he shall be free. 
Thus have ye made the ccnnmandment of Gk)d of none effect 
by your tradition. 

Mk. 7: 7 In vain do they worship me, teaching for doctrines 
the commandments of men. 8 For, laying aside the com- 
mandment of Grod, ye hold the traditicm oi men, as the wash- 
ing of pots and cups : and many other such hke things ye do. 
9 He said unto them. Full well ye reject the commandment 
of Grod, that ye may keep your own tradition. 

Jn. 12: 48 He that rejecteth me, and receiveth not my words, 
bath one that judgeth him : the word that I have spoken, the 
same shall juc^e him in the last day. 
50 



BIBLE. 4ilj 48 



•Mm 



Trae means cX gmce — to be (aught and stadied. 



Bom. 2: 16 In the day when God shall judge the secrets of 
men by Jesus Christ, according to my gospel. 

2 Cor. 10: 12 We dare not make ourselves of the number, 
or compare ourselves with some that commend themselves : 
bat they, measuring themselves by themselves, and comparing 
themselves among themselves, are not wise. 

Col. 2: 8 Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy 
and vain deceit, ailer the tradition of men, ailer the rudiments 
of the world, and not after Christ. 

47. Bihile^ the true means of grace. 

Ps. 19: 7 The law of the Lord t$ perfect, converting the 
soul : the testimony of the Lord u sure, making wise tlie 
simple. — 119:93 I will never forget thy precepts : for with 
them thou hast quickened me. 

Jn. 15: 3 Ye are clean through the word which I have 
spoken unto you — 17:17 Sanctify them through thy truth: 
thy word is truth. 19 And for their sakes I sanctify myself, 
that they also might be sanctified through tlie truth. 

Boni. 1: 16 I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for 
it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believ- 
eth ; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek. — 10: 17 Faith 
Cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God. 

Ep. 6: 17 Take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of 
the Spirit, which is the word of God. 

2 Tim. 3: 15 From a child thou hast known the holy scrip- 
tures, which are able to malce thee wise unto salvation through 
iisuth which is in Christ Jesus. 

Jam. 1: 18 Of his own will begat he us with the word of 
truth, that we should be a kind of first-fruits of his creatures. 
21 Wherefore lay apart all filthiness,and superfluity of naughti- 
ness, and receive with meekness the ingrafted word, which is 
able to save your souls. 

1 Pet. 1: 23 Being bom again, not of corruptible seed, but 
of incorruptible, by the Avord of God, which liveth and abideth 
for ever. [See 428 — 432.] 

48. Studying and teaching the Bible required and encouraged. 

Dt. 11: 18 Therefore shall ye lay up these my words in 
your heart and in your soul, and bind them for a sign upon 
your hand, that they may be as frontlets between your eyes. 
19 And ye shall teach them your children, speaking of them 
when thou sittest in thine house, and when thou walkest by 
the way, when thou liest down, and when thou risest up. 
*20 And thou shalt write them upon the door posts of thine 

51 



49 BIBLE. 

A written revelation. 



house, and upon thy gates : 21 That your days may be mnlti- 

?lied, and the days of your children, in the land which the 
iORD sware unto your fathers to give them, as the days of 
heaven upon the earth. 

Jos. 1: 8 This book of the law shall not depart out of thy 
mouth ; but thou shalt meditate therein day and night, th^ 
thou raayest observe to do according to aH that is written there- 
in : for then thou slialt make thy way prosperous, and then 
thou slialt have good success. 

Ps. 1: 1 Blessed is the man that walketh not in the counsel 
of the ungodly, nor standeth in the way of sinners, nor sitteth 
in the seat of the scornful. 2 But his delight is in the law of 
the Lord ; and in his law doth he meditate day and night. 

Pr. 4: 13 Take fast hold of instruction; let her not go* 
keep her : for she is thy life. 20 My son, attend to my words ; 
incline thine ear unto my sayings. 21 Let them not depart 
from thine eyes; keep them in the midst of thine heart. 
22 For they are life unto those that find them, and health to 
all their flesh. 

Mat. 22: 29 Jesus answered and said unto them. Ye do err, 
not knowing the scriptures, nor the power of God. 

Jn. 5: 39 Search the scriptures ; for in them ye think ye 
have eternal life : And they are they which testify of me. 

Ac 17: 11 These were more noble than those in Thessa- 
lonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of 
mind, and searched the scriptures daily, whether those things 
were so'. 

Rom. 15: 4 Wliatsoever things were written aforetime, were 
written for our learning, that we through patience and comfort 
of the scriptures might have hope. 

1 Th. 5; 27 I charge you by the Lord that this epistle be 
read unto all the holy brethren. 

Heb. 2: 1 We ought to give the more earnest heed to the 
things which we have heard, lest at any time we should let 
them slip. 

1 Pet. 2: 2 As new-bom babes, desire the sincere milk of 
the word, that ye may grow thereby. 

Rev. 1 : 3 Blessed is he that readeth, and they that hear the 
words of this prophecy, and keep those things which are writ- 
ten therein : for the time is at hand. [Ps. 19, and 119, entire.] 

[See 279, 458, 493.] 

49. Bible a written revelation, and intelligible. 

Dt. 9: 1 The Lord delivered unto me two tables of stone 
written with the finger of Grod ; and on them was toritten ao- 
52 



BIBLE. 50, 51 

Sin cf irreeting — profitable. 



cording to all the words which the Lord spake with you in the 
mount, out of the midst of the fire. 

Ps. 102: 18 This shall be written for the generation to 
come : and the people which shall be created shall praise the 
Lord. 

Ps. 119: 105 Thy word is a lamp unto mj feet, and a light 
onto mj path. 130 The entrance of thj words giveth light ; 
it giveUi understanding unto the simple. 

2 Pet. 1: 18 This voice which came from heaven we heard^ 
when we were with him in the holy mount 19 We have also 
a more sure word of prophecy ; whereunto ye do well that ye 
take heed, as unto a light that shineth in a dark place, until tLe 
day dawn, and the day-star arise in your hearts. 

50. Sin and danger of altering or wresting the Bible, 

Dt. 4: 2 Ye shall not add unto the word which I command 
you, neither shall ye diminish aught from it, that ye may keep 
the conmiandments of the Lord your God which,! command 
you. 

Pr. 30: 6 Add thou not unto his words, lest he reprove thee, 
and thou be found a liar. 

2 Pet 3: 15 And account that the long-suffering of our 
Lord is salvation ; even as our beloved brother Paul also, ac- 
cording to the wisdom given unto him, hath written unto you ; 
16 As also in all his epistles, speaking in them of these things ; 
in which are some things hard to be understood, which they 
that are unlearned and unstable wrest, as they do also the other 
scriptures, unto their own destruction. 

Rev. 22: 18 I testify unto every man that heareth the words 
of the prophecy of this book. If any man shall add unto these 
things, Grod shall add unto him the plagues that are written in 
this book : 19 And if any man shall take away from the words 
of the book of this prophecy, Grod shall take away his part 
cot of the book of life, and out of the holy city, and from the 
things which are written in this book. [See 284,] 

5 1 . Tlie whole liible proJitaWe and important. 

Dt 29: 29 The secret iJiings belong unto the Lord our God: 
but those ^ings which are revealed hehng unto us, and to our 
children for ever, that we may do all the words of this law. 

2 Tim. 3:16 All scripture is given by inspiration of God, 
and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for 
instruction in righteousness : 17 That the man of God may 
be perfect, thoroughly furnished unto all good works. 

[See 47, and 279 and 433.] 

5* 53 



62, 53 CHEERFULNESS CHILDREN. 

Duty and adrantages of— -Duties of to parents. 

CHEERFULNESS. 

52. Duty and advantages of cheerfuJness. 

Neh. 8: 10 Neither be ye sony ; for the joy of the Lobd is 
your strength. 

Pr. 14: 30 A sound heart is the life of the flesh: but envy 
the rottenness of tlie bones. [Ps. 119: 80.] — 15: 13 A merry 
heart maketh a cheerful countenance : but by sorrow of the 
heart the spiiit is broken. 15 He that is of a merry heart 
hath a continual feast. — 17: 22 A merry heart doeth good/tibe 
a medicine : but a broken spirit drieth the bones. 

Jn. IG: 33 These things I have spoken unto you, that in me 
ye might have peace. In the world ye shall have tribulation, 
but be of good cheer : I have overcome the world. 

1 Th. 5: 16 Rejoice evermore. [See 29 G, 634] 

CHILDREN. 

53. Duties of children to parents, 

Ex. 20: 12 Honor thy father and thy mother; that thy 
days may be long upon the land which the Lord thy God giv- 
eth thee. 

Lev. 19: 3 Ye shall fear every man his mother and his 
father. 

Pr. 1: 8 My son, hear the instruction of thy father, andfor« 
sake not the law of thy mother : 9 For they shall be an orna- 
ment of grace unto thy head, and chains about thy neck. — 6: 
20 My son, keep thy father's commandment, and forsake not 
the law of thy mother: 21 Bind them continually upon thine 
heart, and tie them about thy neck. 22 When thou goest, it 
ehall lead thee ; when thou sleepest, it shall keep thee ; and 
when thou awakest, it shall talk with thee. — 13: 1 A wise son 
hearethhis, father's instruction : but a scomer heareth not rebuke. 
— 23: 22 Hearken unto thy father that begat thee, and despise 
not thy mother when she is old. 

Mat. 15: 4 God commanded, saying. Honor thy father and 
mother : and. He that curseth father or mother, let him die 
the death. 5 But ye say, Whosoever shall say to his father 
or his mother. It is a gift, by whatsoever thou mightest be pro- 
fited by me ; G And honor not his father or his mother, he 
shall he free. Thus have ye made the commandment of God 
of none effect by your tradition. 

Lk. 2: 5 1 He [Christ] went down with them, [his parents] 
and came to Nazareth, and was subject unto them. 
54 



CHILDBEK. 54, 55 



Disobedient children punished — Early pktj. 



Ep. 6: 1 Childrea, obey your parents in the Lord : for this 
is right. 2 Honor thy &^her and mother, (which is the first 
commandment with promise,) 3 That it may be well with 
thee, and thou mayest live long on the earth. 

Col. 3: 20 Children, obey i^r parents in all things : for this 
is well-pleasing unto the Lord. [See 10.] 

54. Penalties for disobeying and abusing parents, 

£x. 21: 15 He that smiteth his father, or his mother, shall 
be surely put to death. 17 And he that curseth his father or 
his mother, shall surely be put to death. 

Dt. 21: 18 If a man have a stubborn and rebellious son, 
which will not obey the voice of his father, or the voice of his 
mother, and that, when they have chastened him, will not 
heai'ken unto them : 21 And all the men of his city shall 
stone him with stones, that he die : so shalt thou put evil away 
from among you, and all Israel shall hear, and fear — 27: 16 
Cursed be he that setteth light by his father or his mother : 
and all the people shall say. Amen. 

Pr. 20: 20 Whoso curseth his father or his mother, his lamp 
shall be put out in obscure darkness. — 30: 17 The eye that 
mocketh at his father, and despiseth to obey his mother, the 
ravens of the valley shall pick it out, and the young eagles 
sfaaU eat it [See 494.] 

55. Early piety exemplijied and encouraged. 

1 S. 3: 8 The Lokd called Samuel again the third time. 
And he arose and went to Eli, and said. Here am I ; for thou 
didst call me. And Eli perceived that the Lord had called 
the child. 

2 Ch. 34: 1 Josiah was eight years old when he began to 
reign. 3 In the eighth year of his reign, while he was yet 
young, he began to seek ailer the God of David his father. 

Pr. 8: 17 I love them that love me : and those that seek me 
early shall find me. — 22: 6 Train up a child in the way he 
should go : and when he is old, he will not depart from it. 

Ec 12: 1 Remember now thy Creator in the days of thy 
youth, while the evil days come not, nor the years draw nigh, 
when thou shalt say, I have no pleasure in them. 

Is. 28: 9 Whom shall he teach knowledge ? and whom shall 
he make to understand doctrine ? them that are weaned from 
the milk, and drawn from the breasts. 

2 Tim. 3: 15 And that from a child thou hast known the 
holy scriptures, which are able to make thee wise unto salva- 
tion throQfl^h faith which is in Christ Jesus. 



d6, 67 CHBIST JESUS. 



C^iriat^s moral cLaracter — obeyed hie father. 



CHRIST JESUS. 
66. Hts holiness J righteousness, franhness. and disinterestedness. 

Is. 11: 5 And righteousness shall be the girdle of his loins, 
and faithfulness the girdle of his reins. 

Jn. 8: 50 I seek not mine own glory. 

Jn. 18: 19 The high priest tlien asked Jesus of his disci- 
ples, and of his doctrine. 20 Jesus answered him, I spake 
openly to the world ; I ever taught in the synagogue, and in 
the temple, whither the Jews always resort ; and in secret have 
I said nothing. 2 1 Why askest thou me ? ask them which 
heard me, what I have said unto them : behold, they know 
what I said. 

Ac. 3: 14 Ye denied the Holy One, and the Just. 

2 Cor. 5: 21 He hath made him to be sin for us, who knew 
no sin. 

Heb. 4: 15 We Imve not an high priest which cannot be 
touched with the feeling of our infinnities : but was in all points 
tempted like as we are, yet without sin. — 7: 26 Such an high 
priest became us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled, separate 
from sinners, and made higher than the heavens, 27 Who 
needeth not daily, as those high priests, to offer up sacrifioe, 
first for his own sins, and then for the people's : for this he did 
once, when he offered up himself. 

1 Pet 2: 21 Christ also suffered for us, leaving us an ex- 
ample, that ye should follow his steps : 22 Who did no sin, 
neither was guile found in his mouth : 23 Who, when he was 
reviled, reviled not again ; when he suffered, he threatened 
not ; but committed himself to him that judgeth righteooslj. 

[See 229, 630.] 

57. Christ obeyed, pleased and honored God. 

Ps. 40: 7 Then said I, Lo, I come : in the volume of the 
book it is written of me, 8 I delight to do thy will, O my 
Gk)d : yea, thy law is within my heart. 

Mat. 3: 17 Lo, a voice from heaven, saying. This is my be- 
loved Son, in whom I am well pleased. 

Jn. 4: 34 Jesus saitli unto them. My meat is to do the will 
of him that sent me, and to finish his work. — 5: 30 I seek not 
mine own will, but the will of the Father which hath sent me* 
— 6: 38 I came down from heaven, not to do my own will, but 
the will of him that sent me. — 8: 29 He that sent me is with 
me : the Father hath not left me alone ; for I do always those 
things that please him. 49 Jesus answered, I have not m 
ft6 



cmusT JESU3. 58 — 60 



His porertj, etc. — Deadness to the World — Lore and Compaasion. 

devil; but I honor my Father, and ye do dishonor me. — 17: 4 
I have glorified thee on the earth : I have finished the work 
which thou gavest me to do. 

58. Christ's poverty and self-dental. 

Mat 8: 20 Jesus saith unto him, The foxes have holes, and 
the birds of the air have nests ; but the Son of man hath not 
where to lay his head. 

Bom. 15: 2 Let every one of us please his neighbor for his 
good to edification. 3 For even Christ pleased not himself; 
but, as it is written, The reproaches of them that reproached 
thee fell on me. 

2 Cor. 8: 9 Ye know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, 
that though he was rich, yet for your sakes he became poor, 
that ye through his poverty might be rich. 

Heb. 12: 2 Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of 
our faith ; who, for the joy [Gr. Antt — instead q/'the joy] that 
was set before him, endured the cross, despising the shame, 
and is set down at the right hand of the throne of GkxL 

59. How did Christ regard the world and its honors f 

Jn. 5: 41 I receive not honor from men. — 16: 33 I have 
overcome the world. — 18: 36 Jesus answered, My kingdom is 
not of this world. [See 626, 743.] 

60. ChrisCs love and comjiassion towards mankind, 

lAai, 9: 35 Jesus went about all the cities and villages, 
teaching in their synagogues, and preaching the gospel of the 
kingdcnn, and he-aling every sickness, and every disease among 
the people. 36 But when he saw the multitudes, he was moved 
with compassion on them, because they fainted, and were scat- 
tered abroad, as sheep having no shepherd. — 14: 14 Jesus 
went forth, and saw a great multitude, and was moved with 
compassion toward them, and he healed their sick. — 15: 32 
Jesus called his disciples unto him, and said, I have compassion 
on the multitude, because they continue with me now three 
days, and have nothing to eat : imd I will not send them away 
^ting, lest they faint in the way. — 23: 37 O Jerusalem, Je- 
rusalem, thou that killest the prophets, and stonest them which 
are sent unto thee, how often would I have gathered thy chil- 
dren together, even as a hen gathereth her chickens under her 
wings, and ye would not ! 

Jn. 13: 34 A new commandment I give unto you. That ye 
love one another ; as I have loved you, that ye also love one 
another. — 15: 9 As the Father hath loved me, so have I loved 
yoa : continue ye in my love. i 

57 



61 CHRIST JESUS. 



A Pattern of Condescension. 



Ac. 10: tS8 God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy 
Ghost and with power: who went about doing good, and 
healing all that were oppressed of the devil ; for God was with 
him. 

Rom. 5: 6 When we were yet without strength, in due time 
Christ died for the ungodly. 7 For scarcely for a righteous 
man will one die: yet peradventure for a good man some would 
even dare to die. 8 But God comraendeth his love toward us, 
in that while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us. — 8: 37 
In all these things we are more than conquerors, through him 
that loved us. 

Ep. 5: 2 Walk in love, as Christ also hath loved us, and 
hath given himself for us an offering and a sacrifice to God fuf 
a sweet-smelling savor. 

[See 224-5, 228, and Invitations and Redemption.] 

61. Christ a puitern of co/uhsccnsion. 

Mat. 9: 11 When the Pharisees saw it, they said unto his 
disciples, Why eateth your Master with publicans and sinners? 
12 But when Jesus heard that, he said unto them. They that 
be whole need not a physician, but they that are sick- — 19: 
14 Jesus said. Suffer little cliildren, and forbid them not, to 
come unto me : for of such is the kingdom of heaven. 15 And 
he laid /f? 5 hands on them, and departed thence. — 20: 27 Who- 
soever will be chief *among you, let him be your servant : 
28 Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, 
but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many. 

Lk. 22: 27 Whether is greater, he that sitteth at meat or he 
that serveth ? is not he that sitteth at meat ? but I am among 
you as he that serveth. 

Jn. 13: 13 Ye call me IMaster, and Lord : and ye say well; 
for so 1 am. 14 If I then t/our Lord and Master have washed 
your feet ; ye also ought to wash one another's feet. 

Ph. 2: G Who, being in the form of God, thought it not rob- 
bery to be equal with God : 7 But made himself of no repu- 
tation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made 
in the likeness of men : 8 And being found in fa,shion as a 
man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, 
even the death of the cross. 

Ileb. 2: 1 1 Both he that sanctifieth, and they who are sanc- 
tified, are all of one : for which cause lie is not ashamed to call 
them brethren, 1 2 Saying, I will declare thy name unto my 
brethren, in the midst of the church will I sing praise unto 
thee. IG For verily he took not on him the nature of angels; 
but he took on him the seed of Abraham. [See 228.] 
58 



GH&iST j£au& 62 — 64 



His Meekness, Modesty, etc. — dUigent in his work — Pnyeiftil. 

62. ChrisCa meekness, farheoanmce, forgiveness, Undmess, modesty, and 
paiienee. 

Is. 42: 2 He shall not cry, nor lift up, nor cause bis voice to 
be heard in the street. [Mat. 12: 17 — 80.] — 50: 6 I gave 
my back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked 
off the hair : I hid not my face from shame and spitting. -^ 
53: 7 He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened 
not his mouth : he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and 
as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he opened not his 
mouth. 

Mat 11: 29 Take ray yoke upon you, and learn of me : for 
I am meek and lowly in heart; and ye sliall find rest unto 
your souls. — 21: 5 Tell ye the daughter of Sion, Behold, thy 
King Cometh unto thee, meek, and sitting upon an ass, and a 
colt the foal of an ass. 

Mk. 15: 4 Pilate asked him again, saying, Answerest thou 
nothing ? behold how many tilings they witness against thee. 
5 But Jesus yet answered nothing : so that Pilate marvelled. 

Lk. 23: 34 Then said Jesus, Father, forgive them : for they 
know not what they do. 

2 CJor. 10: 1 I Paul myself beseech you, by the meekness 
and gentleness of Christ. 

1 Pet. 2: 21 Christ also suffered for us, leaving us an exam- 
ple, that ye should follow his steps : 23 Who, when he was 
reviled, reviled not again ; when he suffered, he threatened 
not ; but committed himself to him that judgedi righteously. 

[See 482, 498, 660.] 

63. Clitist ditigent in his work. 

Lk. 2: 49 Wist ye not that I must be about my Father's 
business? 

Jn. 5: 17 Jesus answered them, My Father worketh hitherto, 
and I work. — 9: 4 I must work the works of him that sent 
me, while it is day : the night cometh, when no man can work. 

[Seel.] 

64. Christ s prayerfidness, and prevalence in prayer. 

Ps. 21: 2 Thou hast given him his heart's desire, and hasi 
not withholden the request of his lips. 

Mat. 14: 23 When he had sent the multitudes away, he 
went up into a mountain apart to pray : and when the evening 
was come^ he was there alone. — 26: 36 Sit ye herfe, while I 
go and pray yonder. 39 And he went a little further, and 
feu <m his &ce, and prayed, saying, O my Father, if it be 
possible, let this cup pass from me: nevertheless, not as I 

59 



65 CHBIST JESUS. 



A Preacher. 



will, but as thou will, 42 He went awaj again the second 
time, and prayed, saying, O my Father, if this cup may not 
pass away from me, except I drink it, thy will be done. 44 
And went away ag£^, and prayed the third time, saying the 
same words. , • 

Mk. 6: 46 When he had sent them away, he departed into a 
mountain to pray. 

Lk. 5: 16 He withdrew himself into the wilderness, and 
prayed. — 6: 12 He went out into a mountain to pray, and 
continued all night in prayer to God. — 9: 18 As he was 
alone praying, his disciples were with him. 28 He took 
Feter, and John, and James, and went up into a mountain to 
pray. — 11: 1 It came to pass, that as he was praying in 
a certain place, when he ceased, one of his disciples said 
unto him. Lord, teach us to pray, as John also taught hia 
disciples. 

Jn. 11: 41 Jesus lifled up his eyes, and said. Father, I 
thank thee that thou hast heard me : 42 I knew that thou 
hearest me always. — 14: 15 If ye love me, keep my com- 
mandments: 16 And I will pray the Father, and he shall 
give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you for 
ever. [See 516.] 

65. Christ a preaclier. 

Ps. 40: 9 I have preached righteousness in the great con- 
gregation: lo, I have not refrained my lips, O Lord, thou 
knowest. 10 I have not hid thy righteousness within my 
heart ; I have declared thy faithfulness and thy salvation : I 
have not concealed thy loving kindness and thy truth from the 
great congregation. 

Is. 61: 1 The Spirit of the Lord God is upon me ; because 
the Lord hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the 
meek , he hath sent me to bind up the broken-hearted, to pro- 
claim Hberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to 
^em that are bound ; 2 To proclaim the acceptable year of 
the Lord, and the day of vengeance of our God. [Lk. 4: 18.] 

Mat. 4: 23 Jesus went about all Galilee, teaching in their 
synagogues, and preaching the gospel of the kingdom. — 7: 
28 It came to pass when Jesus had ended these sayings, the 
people were astonished at his doctrine. 29 For he taught 
them as one having authority, and not as the scribes. — 13: 
54 When he was come into his own country, he taught them 
in their synagogue, insomuch that they were astonished, and 
said. Whence hath this man this wisdom, and these mighty 
works? 

60 



CHRIST JESUS. 66, 67 



A Keprover — his popular favor. 



Jn. 7: 14 About the midst of the feast, Jesus went up into 
the temple and taught. 15 And the Jews marvelled, saying. 
How knoweth this man letters, having never learned? 46 
The officei^ answered, Never man spake like this man. 

66. Christ a searchimj reprover. 

Is. 11: 3 And shall make him of quick understanding in the 
fear of the Lord : and he shall not judge after the sight of 
his eyes, neither reprove after the hearing of his ears : 4 But 
with righteousness shall he judge the poor, and reprove with 
equity for the meek of the earth : and he shall smite the earth 
with the rod of his mouth, and with the breath of his lips shall 
he slay the wicked. 

Mai. 3: 2 Who may abide the day of his coming ? and who 
shall stand when he appeareth ? for he is like a refiner's fire, 
and like fullers' soap. 3 And he shall sit as a refiner and 
purifier of silver : and he shall purify the sons of Levi, and 
purge them as ggld and silver, that they may ofier unto the 
Lord an offering in righteousness. 

Lk. 11:52 Wo unto you, lawyers ! for ye have taken away 
the key of knowledge: ye entered not in yourselves, and 
them that were entering in ye hindered. — 12: 49 I am come 
to send fire on the earth, and what will I, if it be already 
kindled? 

Jn. 18: 37 To this end was I bom, and for this cause came 
I into the world, that I should bear witness unto the truth. 
[See Mat., chapters 5th and 23d, throughout.] [See 610 — 11.] 

67. Christ secured some j)opular favor. 

Mat. 21: 8 A very great multitude spread their garments in 
the way ; others cut down branches from the trees, and strewed 
them in the way. 9 And the multitudes that went before, and 
that followed, cried, saying, Hosanna to the Son of David: 
Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord: Hosanna 
in the highest [Mk. 11: 8—10.] 

Mk. 12: 12 They sought to lay hold on him, but feared the 
people. 

Lk. 4: 14 Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit into 
Galilee : and there went out a fame of him through all the 
region round about. 15 And he taught in their synagogues, 
b^g glorified of all. — 5: 15 So much the more went there a 
&me abroad of him : and great multitudes came together to 
hear and. to be healed by him of their infirmities. 

Jn. 6: 15 When Jesus therefore perceived that they would 
oome and take him by force, to make him a king, he departed 

6 61 



68 CHRIST JE5US. 

llifl cruiifixtuu. 

again into a moontain himself alone. — 11: 47 Then gathered 
the chief priests and the Pharisees a council, and said, What 
do we ? for this man doeth many miracles. 48 If we let him 
thus alone, all men will believe on him. — 12: 19 The Phari- 
sees therefore said among themselves. Perceive ye how ye 
prevail nothing ? behold, the world is gone after him. 

68. Christ reviled and persecuted unto death, 

Ps. 2: 1 Why do the heathen rage, and the people imagine 
a vain thing ? 2 The kings of the earth set themselves, and 
the rulers take counsel together, against the Lord, and against 
his Anointed, saying, 3 Let us break their bands asunder, 
and cast away their cords from us. 

Is. 53: 2 He shall grow up before him as a tender plant, 
and as a root out of a dry ground : he hath no form nor come- 
liness ; and when we shall see him, there is no beauty that we 
should desire him. 3 He is despised and rejected of men ; a 
man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it 
were our faces fix)m him ; he was despised, and we esteemed 
him not. 4 Surely lie hath borne our griefs, and carried our 
sorrows : yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and 
afflicted. 

Mat 10: 24 The disciple is not above his master, nor the 
servant above his lord. 25 It is enough for the disciple that 
he be as his master, and the servant as his lord : if they have 
called the master of the house Beelzebub, how much more 
shall they call them of his household? — 13: 55 Is not this the 
carpenter's son? is not liis mother called ]\Iary? and his 
brethren, James, and Joscs, and Simon, and Judas? 56 And 
his sisters, ai*e they not all with us ? Whence then hath this 
man all these things ? 57 And they were offended in him. 
But Jesus said unto them, A prophet is not without honor, 
save in his own country and in his own house. — 26: GO What 
think ye ? They answered and said. He is guilty of death. 
67 Then did they spit in his face, and bufletted liim ; and 
others smote him with the palms of their hands, 68 Saying, 
Prophesy unto us, thou Christ, Who is he that smote thee ? 
— 27: 29 Wlien they had platted a cro^vn of thorns, they put 
it upon his head, and a reed in his right hand: and they 
bowed the knee before him, and mocked him, saying, Hail, 
King of the Jews ! 30 And they spit upon him, and took the 
reed, and smote him on the head. 31 And after that they 
had mocked him, they took the robe off from him, and put hu 
own raiment on him, and led him away to crucify him. 34 
62 



CHRIST'S HUMANITY. 69 



IDs hamanitv. 



They gave him vinegar to drink, mingled with gall : and when 
he had tasted thereof, he would not drink. 

Mk. 15: 27 With him they crucify two thieves, the one on 
his right hand, and the other on his left. 28 And the scrip- 
ture was fulfilled, which saith. And he was numbered with 
the transgressors. 29 And they tliat passed by, railed on 
him, wagging their heads, and saying, Ah, thou that destroyest 
the temple, and buildest it in three days, 30 Save thyself, 
and come down from the cross. 31 Likewise also the chief 
priests mocking, said among themselves with the scribes, lie 
saved others ; himself he cannot save. 32 Let Christ, the 
King of Israel, descend now from the cross, that we may see, 
and believe. And they that were crucified with him, reviled 
him. 

Lk. 4: 28 All they in the synagogue, when they heard these 
things, were filled with wrath, 29 And rose up, and thrust 
him out of the city, and led him unto the brow of the hill 
(whereon their city was built,) that they might cast him down 
headlong. — 16: 14 The Pl>arisees also, who were covetous, 
heard all these things, and they derided him. 

Jn. 10: 20 And many of them said. He hatli a devil, and is 
mad ; why hear ye him ? 31 Then the Jews took up stones 
again to stone him. — 19: 5 Then came Jesus forth, wearing 
the crown of thorns, and the purple robe. And Pilate saith 
unto them. Behold the man ! When the chief priests there- 
fore and ofiicers saw him, they cried out, saying. Crucify hiniy 
crucify htm. [See 467, 511, C90.] 

CHRIST'S HUMANITY. 
69. Chrisi^s human soul and body. 

Mat. 1: 1 Jesus Christ, the Son of David, the son of Abra- 
ham. — 8: 20 The Son of Man hath not where to lay his 
head.* 

Lk. 2: 52 Jesus increased in wisdom and stature, and in 
&▼(»> with God and man. 

Jn. 1: 14 The Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, 
(and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of 
the Father,) full of grace and truth. 

1 Tim. 2: 5 Tliere is one Grod, and one mediator between 
God and men, the man Christ Jesus. 

Heb. 2: 14 Forasmuch then as the children are partakers 
of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the 

* Christ calls himself the Son of Han more ttian sixty times. 

63 



70 CHRISl'S HUMANITY. 



Hiu di.'j)cudei:(c. 



same ; that through death he might destroy him that had the 
power of death, that is, the devil ; 15 And deliver them, who, 
through fear of death, were all their life-time subject to bond- 
age. 16 For verily he took not on him the nature q/*'angel8; 
but he took on him the seed of Abraliam. 17 Wherefore in 
all things it behoved him to be made like unto his brethren ; 
that he might be a merciful and faithful High Priest in things 
pejiaitiing to God, to make reconciliation for the sins of the 
people. 18 For in that he himself hath suffered, being tempted, 
he is able to succor them that are tempted. — 4: 15 We have 
not a high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of 
our infirmities : but was in all points tempted like as we are, 
yet without sin. 

1 Jn. 4: 3 Every spirit that confesseth not that Jesus Christ 
is come in the flesh, is not of Grod. 

70. ChrisCs dependertce for preservation, knowledge^ etc. 

Is. 42: 6 I the Lord have called thee in righteousness, and 
will hold thy hand, and will keep thee. 

Mk. 13: 32 Of that day and that hour knoweth no man, no^ 
not the angels which are in heaven, neither the Son, but the 
Father. [Mat. 24: 36.] 

Jn. 5: 19 Then answered Jesus, and said unto them. Verily, 
verily, I say unto you. The Son can do nothing of himself, but 
what he seeth the Father do : for what things soever he doeth, 
these also doeth the Son likewise. 30 I can of mine own self 
do nothing: as I hear, I judge: and my judgment is just; 
because I seek not mine own will, but the will of the Father 
which hath sent me. — 6: 57 As the living Father hath sent 
me, and I live by tlie Father : so he that eateth me, even ho 
shall live by me. — 8: 28 Then said Jesus unto them. When 
ye have lifted up the Son of man, then shall ye know that I 
am he^ and that I do nothing of myself ; but as my Father hath 
taught me, I speak these things. 29 And h« that sent me is 
with me : the Father hath not leflt me alone ; for I do always 
those things that please him. — 14: 10 Belie vest thou not that 
I am in the Father, and the Father in me ? the words that 
I speak unto you, I speak not of myself: but the Father, that 
dwelleth in me, he doeth the works. — 20: 17 1 ascend unto my 
Father and your Father, and to my God and your God. 

2 Cor. 13: 4 For though he was crucified through weak- 
ness, yet he liveth by the power of God. 

[See his Prayerfulness, 64.] 

64 



OHKIBT'S HTTStAHITT. 71 

EOsSonship — Us oflleial rabjeetkm. 

71. Christ called the Son of God in reference to his inatrnalion. 

Ps. 2: 7 I will declare the decree : the Lord hath said unto 
me, Thou art mj Son ; this day have I begotten thee. 

Lk. 1: 35 The angel answered and said unto her, The Holy 
Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall 
overshadow thee : therefore also that holy thing which shall be 
bom of thee, shall be called the Son of Grod. 

Jn. 1: 14 The Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, 
(and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of 
the Father,) full of grace and truth. 18 No man hath seen 
Grod at any time ; the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom 
of the Father, he hath declared him. 

Bom. 1: 3 Concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord, whicli 
was made of the seed of David accoi^iing to the flesh ; 4 And 
declared to be the Son of God with power, according to the 
Spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead. 

Gal. 4: 4 When the fulness of the time was come, God sent 
forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law. 

Heb. 1: 5 Unto which of the angels said he at any time, 
'JThou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee ? And again, 
I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son? 6 
And again, when he brmgeth in the first-begotten into the 
world, he saith, And let all the angels of God worship him. 

72. Christ^ s official subjection to his Father. 

Jn. 6: 38 I came down from heaven, not to do mine own 
will, but the will of him that sent me. — 7: 16 Jesus answered 
them, and said, My doctrine is not mine, but his that sent me. — 
8: 29 And he that sent me is with me. — 10: 3G Say ye of him 
whom the Father hath sanctified, and sent into the world, 
Thou blasphemest ; because I said, I am the Son of God ? — 
12: 49 I have not spoken of myself; but the Father which 
Bent me, he gave me a commandment, what I should say, and 
what I should speak. — 14: 28 I go unto the Father: for my 
Father is greater than L — 17: 3 This is life eternal, that they 
might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Clirist whom 
thou hast sent. 8 I have given unto them the words which 
thou gavest me ; and they have received them, and have known 
surely that I came out from thee, and they have believed that 
thou didst send me. 

Bom. 1 : 3 Concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord, which 
was made of the seed of David according to the flesh ; 4 And 
declared to be the Son of God with power, according to the 
Spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead. 

1 Cor. 3: 23 Ye are Christ's: and Christ w God's.— 11: 3 

6* 65 



7dy74 chbist's humanity — his divinity. 

Hiii preJhniimDce — names, UQm, ofilc«e, etc. 

The head of Christ is God. — 15: 27 He hath put all things 
under his feet But when he saith all things are put under 
him, it is manifest that he is excepted which did put all things 
under him. 28 And when all things shall be subdued unto 
him, then shall the Son also himself be subject unto him thai 
put all things under him, that God may be all in alL 

73. Preeminence of " the man Christ Jesus^ 

Ps. 89: 27 I will make him my first-bom, higher than the 
kings of the earth. 

Jn. 1: 15 John bare witness of him, and cried, saying, Thifl 
was he ot whom I spake, He that cometh after me, is preferred 
before me ; for lie was before me. — 3: 31 He that cometh from 
heaven is above all. 

Col. 1: 15 Who is the image of the invisible Grod, the first- 
bom of every creature. 18 And he is the head of the body, 
the church : who is the beginning, the first-bom from the dead ; 
that in all things he might have the preeminence. 

Heb. 1: 4 Being made so much better than the angels, as he 
hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they. 
5 For unto which of the angels said he at any time. Thou art 
my Son, this day have I begotten thee ? And again, I will be 
to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son ? 6 And again, 
when he bringeth in the first-begotten into the world, he saith, 
And let all the angels of God worship him. 

Rev. 1: 5 The Prince of the kings of the earth. — 3: 14 The 
beginning of the creation of God. 

CHRIST'S DIVINITY. 

74. CliriiiCs divine nameSy titles, and offices. 

Advocate, 1 Jn. 2: 1 — Almighty, Rev. 1: 18 — Alpha and 
Omega, Rev. 22: 13 — Bishop of souls, 1 Pet. 2: 25 — Captain 
of salvation, Heb. 2: 10 — Counsellor, Is. 9: 6 — Emmanuel, 
JVIat 1 : 23 — Eternal life, 1 Jn. 5 : 20 — Father everlasting, 
Is. 9: 6 — God, and the tme God, Ps. 45: 6, and Heb. 1: 8, and 
1 Jn. 5: 20 — God over all, Rom. 9: 5 — God, only wise, Jude 
25 — Governor, Mat. 2: G — Head of all principality and power, 
Col. 2: 10 — Head over all thinors to the church, Eph. 1: 22 — 
Heir of all things, Heb. 1: 2 — High Priest, Heb. 3: 1 — Inter- 
cessor, Is. 59: 16, and Heb. 7: 25 — King, Mat. 21: 5 — King 
of glory, Ps. 24: 7 — King of Israel, Jn. 1: 49 — King of kings, 
Rev. 17: 14, and 19: 13 — Lamb of God, Jn. 1: 29 — Lion of 
Juda, Rev. 5: 5 — Lord of lords. Rev. 17: 14, and 19: 13 — 
Lord of glory, 1 Cor. 2: 8 — Lord of hosts, Is. 44: 6-^ Lord 
66 



ohbibt's DiToriTT. 75, 76 



His divliM elftinui, sttribates, and pmrogitiTM. 



of all, Ac. 10: 36 — Lord and Master, Jn. 13: 14 ~ Mediator, 
1 Tim. 2: 5 — Messenger of the covenant, Mai. 3: 1 — Mighty 
Grod, Is. 9: 6 — Most mighty, Ps. 45: 3 — Passover, 1 Cor. 5: 
7 — Prince of life, Ac 3: 15 — Prince and Saviour, Ac 5: 81 — 
Prince of peace, Is. 9: 6 — Prince of kings, Kev. 1: 5 — Pro- 
phet, Dt. 18: 15, and Ac 3: 22— Redeemer, Is. 44: G— Bock, 
1 Cor. 10: 4 — Root of David, Rev. 5: 5 — Ruler in Israel, 
Mic 5: 2 — Saviour, Lk. 2: 11, and Jude 25 — Shepherd, Jn. 
10: 11, and 1 Pet 2: 25 — Son of God, Jn. 1: 49 — Son of 
righteousness, Mai. 4: 2 — True Grod, 1 Jn. 5: 20 — Witness, 
Rev. 1: 5, and 3: 14— Wonderful, Is. 9: 6— Word, Jn. 1: 1 — 
Word of God, Rev. 19: 13. 

75. Ckrist^s daim to equality and unity with God. 

Jn. 5: 17 My Father worketh hitherto, and I work. 18 
Therefore the Jews sought the more to kill him, because he 
not only had broken the Sabbath, but said also, that God was 
his Father, making himself equal with Grod. * — 10: 30 I and 
my Father are one. 33 The Jews answered him, saying, For 
a good work we stone thee not ; but for blas[)hemy, and be- 
cause that thou, being a man, makest thyself Grod. 36 Say 
ye of him whom the Father hath sanctified, and sent into the 
world, Thou blasphemest ; because I said, I am the Son of 
God ? 37 If I do not the works of my Father, believe me not. 
38 But if I do, though ye believe not me, believe the works : 
that ye may know and believe that the Father is in me, and I 
in hun. — 14: 9 Jesus saith unto him. Have I been so long 
time with you, and yet hast thou not known me, Philip ? he 
that hath seen me, hath seen the Father ; and how sayest thou 
then, Shew us the Father? — 17: 5 O Father, glorify thou me 
with thine own self, with the glory which I had with thee before 
the world was. 10 All mine are thine, and thine are mine ; 
and I am glorified in them. 

Ph. 2: 5 Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ 
Jesus: 6 Who, being in the form of God, thought it not 
robbery to be equal with God. 

76. Divine attributes and prerogatives claimed and exercised by Cfirist and 
Qteribed to Mm. 

1. Authority xupreme. 

Mat 10: 1 When he had called unto him his twelve disciples, 
he gave them power against unclean spirits, to cast them out, 
and to heal all manner of sickness, and all manner of disease. 

•Ghriiit calls Okxl his Father mote than fifty times, as reccMrdsd by the EvangeliBts. 

67 



76 chmst's divinitt. 



His diYine Attribntes and PrerogiiliTet. 



Mk. 2: 5 AVlien Jesus saw their faith, he said unto the side 
of the palsy, Son, thy sins be forgiven thee. 6 But there were 
certain of the scribes sitting there, and reasoning in their 
hearts, 7 Why doth this man thus speak blasphemies ? who 
can forgive sins but God only ? 8 And immediately, when 
Jesus perceived in his spirit that they so reasoned within them- 
selves, he said unto them. Why reason ye these things in your 
hearts ? 9 Whether is it easier to say to the sick of the palsy, 
IVit/ sins be forgiven thee ; or to say, Arise, fuid take up thy 
bed, and walk? 10 But that ye may know that the Son of 
man hath })ower on earth to forgive sins, (he saith to the sick 
of the palsy,) 111 say unto thee. Arise, and take up thy bed 
and go thy way into thy house. 

Col. 1: 18 He is the head of the body, the church : who ia 
the beginning, the first-bom from the dead ; tliat in all things 
he might have the preeminence. 19 For it pleased iheFaUier 
that in him should all fulness dwell. — 2: 10 Ye are complete 
in him, which is the head of all principality and power. 

Rev. 1: 18 /am he that liveth, and was dead; and behold, 
I am alive for evermore. Amen ; and have the keys of heU 
and of death. 

2. Authority to seek his own glory siq>remely. 

Col. 1: 16 All things were created by him and for him. 
[See 209, 346.] 

& Eternity. 

Jn. 1: 1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was 
with God, and the Word was God. 2 The same was in the 
beginning with God. — 8: 58 Jesus said unto them, Verijy, 
verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I am. 

Rev. 1: 8 I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the 
ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is 
to come, the Almighty. 17 And when I saw him, I fell at his 
feet as dead. And he laid his right hand upon me, saying 
unto me, Fear not ; I am the first and the last. 

4. Jmnivtabilitij. 

Heb. 13: 8 Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and to-day, 
and for ever. 

5. Omni piHc nee. 

Jn. 1 : 3 All things were made by him ; and without him was 

not anything made that was made. 10 He was in the world, 

and the world was made by him, and the world knew him not. 

— 2: 19 Jesus answered and said unto them, Destroy this tem- 

68 



Christ's divinitt. 76 

His divine Attributes and Prerogatiyes. 

pie, and in three days I will raise it up. — 5: 21 As the Father 
raiseth up the dead, and quickeneth them ; even so the Son 
quickeneth whom he will. 25 Verily, verily, I say unto yoii, 
The hour is coming, and now is, when the dead shall hear tlie 
voice of the Son of Grod : and they that hear shall live. — 10: 
17 Therefore doth my Father love me, because I lay down my 
life, that I might take it again. 18 No man taketh it from 
me, but I lay it down of myself. I have power to lay it down, 
and I have power to take it again. — 11: 25 Jesus said unto 
her, I am the resun*ection, and the life. 

1 Cor. 1: 24 Unto them which are called, both Jews and 
Greeks, Christ the power of Grod, and the wisdom of God. — 
8: 6 To us tliere is hut one God, the Father, of whom are all 
things, and we in him ; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom 
are all things, and we by him. 

Ph. 3: 20 Our conversation is in heaven ; fix)m whence also 
we look for the Saviour, the Lord Jesus Christ: 21 Who shall 
change our vile body, that it may be fashioned like unto liis 
glorious body, according to the working whereby he is able even 
to subdue all things unto himself. 

Col. 1: 16 By him were all things created, that are in heaven, 
and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they he 
thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers. 17 And he 
is before all things, and by him all things consist. 

Heb. 1: 3 Who being the brightness of his glory, and the 
express image of his person, and upholding all things by the 
word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, 
sat down on the right hand of the JVIajesty on high. [See 218.] 

6. Omnipresence. 

Mat. 18: 20 Where two or three are gathered together in 
my name, there am I in the midst of them. — 28: 20 I am with 
you always, even unto the end of the world. 

Jn. 3: 13 No man hath ascended up to heaven, but he that 
came down from heaven, even the Son of man which is in 
heaven. [See 220.] 

7. Omniscience. 

Mat. 9: 4 Jesus, knowing their thoughts, said. Wherefore 
think ye evil in your hearts ? — 11: 27 All things are delivered 
unto me of my Father ; and no man knoweth the Son, but the 
Father ; neither knoweth any man the Father, save the Son, 
and he to whomsoever the Son will reveal him, Lk. 10: 22. 

Jn. 2: 24 Jesus did not commit himself unto them, because 
he knew all men, 25 And needed not that any should testify 
of man: for he knew what was in man. — 10: 15 As the 

69 



77 CHBIST's DIVINITV. 



HisMiiacIflt. 



Father knoweth me, even so know I the Father. — 21:17 He 
Baid unto him, Lord, thou knowest all things ; thou knowest 
that I love thee. 

GaL 1:11 I certify you, brethren, that the gospel which ww 
preached of me is not after man : 12 For I neither reoeiTed 
it of man, neither was I taught it, but by the revelation of Jesus 
Christ. 

Col. 2: 3 In whom are hid all the treasures of wisdom and 
knowledge. 9 For in him dwelleth all the fulness of the 
Godhead bodily. [See 219.] 

77. Christ urotir/ht miracfe.'i^ in his own tinine, to confirm his divinity and 
mission. 

Llat. 8: 3 I will ; be thou clean. And immediately his lep- 
rosy was cleansed. 

ilk, 4: 39 He arose, and rebuked the wind, and said unto 
the sea, Peace, be still. And the wind ceased, and there was 
a great calm. 4 1 And they feared exceedingly, and paid one 
to another, What manner of man is this, that even the wind 
and the sea obey him ? 

Lk. 4: 35 Jesus rebuked him, saying. Hold thy peace, and 
come out of him. And when the devil had thrown him in the 
midst, he came out of him, and hurt him not. 36 And they 
were all amazed, and spake among themselves, saying, What 
a word is this ! for witli authority and power he commandeth 
the unclean spirits, and they come out. 

Jn. 2: 23 Many believed in his name, when they saw the 
miracles which he did. — 5: 36 I have greater witness than 
that of John : for the works which tlie Father hath given me 
to finish, the same works that I do, bear witness of me, that the 
Father hath sent me. — 7: 31 Many of the people believed on 
him, and said, When Clu'ist comet h, will he do more miracles 
than these which this ma7i hath done? — 10: 37 If I do not 
the works of my Father, believe me not. 38 But if I do, 
though ye believe not me, believe the works: that ye may 
know and believe that the Father is in me, and I in him. — 11: 
42 I knew that thou hearest me always : but because of the 
people which stand by, I said it, that they may believe that 
thou hast sent me. 43 And when he thus had spoken, he cried 
with a loud voice, Lazarus, come forth. 44 And he that was 
dead came forth, bound hand and foot with grave-clothes : and 
his face was bound about with a napkin. Jesus saith unto them. 
Loose him, and let him go. 45 Then many of the Jews which 
came to Mary, and had seen the things which Jesus did, believed ■ 
on him. 47 Then gathered the chief priests and the PliariseeB 
70 



Christ's divinity. 78, 79 



Ochera wrongbt miracles, no: ia t'.ivir own naiu« k — Hin Ufrhw ITonont. 

^ I ■■■■- ■ - — ■— -■■■■■I -■■^. -—■■■■■ ■i^^— ^—w ^— w^W^M^^M^ 

a council, and said, What do we ? for this man doeth manj 
miracles. 48 If we let him thus alone, all men will believe am 
him. — 20: 30 Many other signs truly did Jesus in the pres* 
ence of his disciples, which ore not written in this book. 31 
But these are written that ye might believe tliat Jesus ib the 
Christ, the Son of God. [See 43.] 

78. 7%e prophets and apostles acceptably tcrought miracles^ not in their own 



Num. 20: 10 Hear now ye rebels ; must we fetch you water 
out of this rock? 11 And Moses lifted up his hand, and with 
his rod he smote the rock twice: and the water came out 
abundantly, and the congregation drank, and their beasts dUo. 
12 And the Lord spake unto Moses and Aaron, Because ye 
believed me not, to sanctify me in the eyes of the children of 
Israel, therefore ye shall not bring this congregation into the 
land which I have given them. 

Ac. 3: 6 Peter said. Silver and gold have I none ; but such 
as I have give I thee : in the name of Jesus Christ of Naza- 
reth, rise up and walk. 11 As the lame man which was' 
healed held Peter and John, all the people ran together unto 
them in the porch that is called Solomon's, greatly wondering. 
12 And when Peter saw it^ he answered unto the people, Ye 
men of Israel, why marvel ye at this ? or why look ye so 
earnestly on us, as though by our own power or holiness wo 
had made this man to walk? — 9: 34 Peter said unto him, 
Eneas, Jesus Christ maketh thee whole. — 16: 18 Paul being 
grieved, turned and said to the spirit, I command thee in the 
name of Jesus Christ to come out of her. 

79 Divine honors paid Christy and received and claimed hy him. 

Ps. 2: 12 Blessed are all they that put their trust in him. 

Mat. 2: 1 When Jesus was bom in Bethlehem of Judea in 
the days of Herod the king, behold, there came wise men from 
the east to tTerusalem, 2 Saying, Wliere is he that is born 
King of the Jews ? for we have seen his star in the east, and 
are come to worship him. — 8: 2 Behold, there came a leper 
and worshipped him, saying, Lord, if thou wilt, thou canst 
make me clean. — 14: 32 When they were come into the 
ship, the wind ceased. 33 Then they that were in the ship 
came and worshipped him, saying. Of a truth thou art the Son 
of God. — 28: 9 As they went to tell his disciples, behold 
Jesus met them, saying. All hail. And they came and held 
him by the feet, and worshipped him. 1 6 The eleven disci- 
ples went away into Gralilee, into a mountain where Jesus liad 
appointed them. 17 And when they saw him, they worship- 

71 



80 CHKISI'S DIVIKITT. 

His DlTine Uonon — Mere creatureii not dlrinely honored. 

ped him : but some doubted. 19 Go ye therefore and teach 
all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of 
the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, 

Lk. 24: 51 It came to pass, while he blessed them, he was 
parted from them, and carried up into heaven. 52 And they 
worshipped him, and returned to Jerusalem with great joy. 

Jn. 5: 22 The Father judgeth no man ; but hadi committed 
all judgment unto the Son : 23 That all men should homv 
the Son, even as they honor the Father. He that hono> 
eth not the Son, honoreth not the Father which hath sent him. 

Ac. 7: 50 They stoned Stephen, calling upon God, and say- 
ing, Lord Jesus, receive my spirit. 

2 Cor. 13: 14 The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the 
love of God, and the communion of the Holy Ghost, he with 
you all. 

Ph. 2: 9 God also hath highly exalted him, and given him 
a name which is above every name : 10 That at the name of 
Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and thin^ 
in earth, imd tJdngs under the earth ; 1 1 And that every tongue 
should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God 
the Father. 

Heb. 1: 6 Wlien he bringeth in the first-begotten into the 
world, he saith. And let all the angels of God worship him. 

2 Pet. 1: 17 He received from God the Father honor and 
glory, when there came such a voice to him from the excel- 
lent glory. This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well 
pleased. — 3: 18 Grow in grace, and in the knowledge of our 
Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. To him he glory both now 
and for ever. 

Rov. 5: 1 1 I beheld, and I heard the voice of many angels 
round alK)ut the throne, and the beasts, and the elders: and 
the number of them was ten thousand times ten thousand, and 
thousands of thousands ; 1 2 Saying with a loud voice, Worthy 
is the Lamb that was slain to receive power, and riches, and 
wisdom, and strength, and honor, and glory, and blessing. 13 
And every creature which is in heaven, and on the earth, and 
under the efu-th, and such as are in tiie sea, and all that ai-e in 
them, heard I saying. Blessing, and honor, and glory, and 
power, he unto him that sitteth upon the tlu'one, and unto the 
Lamb, for ever and ever. 1 4 And the four beasts said, Amen. 
And the four and twenty elders fell down and worshipped him 
that livetli for ever and ever. 

80. Mere creatures not to he divinely honored or worshipped. 

Mat^ 4: 10 Then saith Jesus unto him, Get thee henoe^ 
72 



Christ's ditinitt. 81 



Ken creatures not divinely honored — Mystery of Christ. 



Satan : for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy Gk)d, 
and him onlj shalt thou serve. 

Ac. 14: 13 The priest of Jupiter, which was before their 
dtj, brought oxen and garlands unto the gates, and would 
have done sacrifice with the people. 14 Which when the apos- 
tles, Barnabas and Paul, heard of^ they rent their clothes, and 
ran in among the people, crying out, 15 And saying, Sirs, 
why do ye these things ? We also are men of like passions 
with you, and preach unto you, that ye should turn from these 
vanities unto the liviug God, which made heayen,and earth, 
and the sea, and all things that are therein. 

CoL 2: 18. Let no man beguile you of your reward in a 
voluntary humility and worshipping of angels. 

Rev. 22: 8 I John saw these things, and heard them. And 
when I had heard and seen, I fell down to worship before the 
feet of the angel which showed me these things. 9 Then saith 
he unto me, See thou do it not : for I am thy fellow-servant, 
and of thy bretliren the prophets, and of them which teep the 
sayings of this book : worship God. [Rev. 19: 10.] 

81. Mystery respecting Christ, 

Mat. 1: 23 Behold a virgin shall be with child, and shall 
bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, 
which being interpreted is, God with us. — 22: 41 'While the 
Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them, 42 
Saying, What think ye of Christ ? whose son is he ? They 
say unto him, Tlie son of David. 43 He saith unto them. 
How then doth David in spirit call him Lord, saying, 44 The 
LoBD said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I 
make thine enemies thy footstool ? 45 If David then call Mm 
Lord, how is he his son ? 46 And no man was able to answer 
him a word, neither durst any man, from that day forth, ask 
him any more questions. 

Eph. C: 19 That I may open my mouth boldly, to make 
known the mystery of the gospel. 

1 Tim. 3: 16 Without controversy, cjvjat is the mystery of 
godliness : Grod was manifest in the flcsn. 

Rev. 19: 12 His eyes were as « flame of fire, and on tfs 
head tcere many crowns ; and he had a name wntten, that no 
man knew, but he himself. --- 22: 16 I Jesus have sent mme 
angel to testify unto you *Aese things in the churches. 1 am 
the root and the oiFspri-g of David, and the bnght and mom- 
mg-star. ^^ 



i 



52 CHRIST'S DIVINITT. 



lEQs final Triumph and Qkny. 



8S. Chrisl^a final triumph and glory. 

Ps. 24: 7 Lift up your heads, O ye gates ; and be ye lift up 
ye eyerlasting doors ; and the King of glory shall come in. 

Zee 6: 13 He shall bear the glory, and shall sit and rule 
upon his throne : and he shall be a priest upon his throne. 

Matt. 24: 30 Then shall appear the sign of the Son of man 
in heaven : and then shall gJI the tribes of the earth mouni) 
and they shall see the Son of man coming in the clouds of 
heaven, with power and great glory. — 25: 31 When the Son 
of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with 
him, then shall he sit upon the throne of his glory: 32 And 
before him shall be gathered all nations : and he shall separate 
them one from another, as a shepherd divideth his sheep &om 
the goats. 

Ep. 1: 19 And what is the exceeding greatness of his power 
to US-ward who believe, according to the working of his mighty 
power, 20 Which he wrought in Christ, when he raised him 
from the dead, and set him at his own right hand in the heav- 
enly places^ 21 Far above all principality, and power, and 
might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only 
in this world, but also in that which is to come. 

Ph. 2: 9 God also hath highly exalted him, and given him 
a name which is above every name : 10 That at the name 
of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and 
things in earth, and things under the eailh ; 11 And that every 
tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory 
of God the Father. 

Heb. 1: 1 God, who at sundry times and in divers manners 
spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets, 2 Hath 
in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath 
appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the w<»rlds ; 
8 Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express im- 
age of his perbou, and upholding all things by the word of his 
power, when he ha^ by himself purged our sins, sat down cm 
the right hand of the ICajesty on high, 4 Being made so much 
better than the angels, «5 he hath by inheritance obtained a 
more excellent name than ihey. 

Eev. 17: 14 These shall muke war with the Lamb, and the 

Lamb shall overcome them : for He is Lord of lords, and Bang 

of kings ; and they that are with him are called, and chosen. 

and faithful. [See 96.1 ^^ 

74 



CHRIST'S KINGDOM. 88—86 

Christ a King — Natxure of his kingdom — General opposition to it 

\ — 

CHRIST'S KINGDOM. 

83. C9uist a King. 

Ps. 2: 6 Yet have I set my King upon my holy hill of Zion. 
•—45: 6 Thy throne, O Grod, is for ever and ever : the sceptre 
of thy kingdom is a right sceptre. 7 Thou lovest righteous- 
ness, and hatest wickedness: therefore God, thy God, hath 
anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows. 

Mie. 5: 2 Thou, Beth-lehem Ephratah, though thou be little 
among the thousands of Judah, yet out of thee shall he come 
forth unto me that i^ to be liuler in Israel ; whose goings forth 
have been from of old, from everlasting. 

Zee. 9: 9 Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion ; shout, O 
daughter of Jerusalem : behold, thy King cometh unto thee. 

Mat. 27: 1 1 Jesus stood before the governor : and the gov- 
ernor asked him, saying, Ai*t thou the King of the Jews ? And 
Jesus said unto him, Thou sayest. 

Jn. 1: 49 Nathanael answered and saith unto him. Rabbi, 
thou art the Son of God ; thou art the King of Israel. 

Rev. 1: 5 Jesus Christ, who is the faithful Witness, and the 
First-begotten of the dead, and the Prince of the kings of 
the earth. [Is: 9: 6. Jer. 23: 5, 6, and 30: 9. Hos, 3: 5. Lk. 
1: 32.] 

84. Nature of Christ's kingdom. 

Jn. 18: 36 Jesus answered. My kingdom is not of this world : 
if my kingdom were of this world, then would my servants 
£ght, that I should not be delivered to the Jews : but now is 
my kingdom not from hence. 

Rom. 14: 17 The kingdom of God is not meat and drink, 
but righteousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost. 

85. General opposition to Chris€s kingdom^ before tJie floods and before the 
first coming of Christ. 

Gren. 6: 5 Grod saw that the wickedness of man was great 
in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his 
heart was only evil continually. 

Is. 53: 3 He is despised and rejected of men ; a man of 
Borrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were our 
&ces from him ; he was despised, and we esteemed him not. 

86. WiU there be another ^^ falling away^^ or general opposition to Chris^t 
^gdom before the Millenium ? 

Is. 24: 5 The earth also is defiled under the inhabitants 
Uiereof; because they have transgressed the laws, changed the 
o^^inance. broken the everlasting covenant.— 59: 13 In trana- 

1^ 



86 CHRIST'3 kikodobl 



OcQcral opposition to it. 



greasing and lying against the Lord, and departing away from 
our God, spealdng oppression and revolt, conceiving and utter- 
ing from the heart words of falsehood. 1 4 And judgment is 
turned away backward, and justice standeth afar off: for truth 
is fallen in the street, and equity cannot enter. 15 Yea, truth 
faileth ; and he thai departeth from evil maketh himself a prey: 
and the Lord saw it, and it displeased him that there was no 
judgment. 

Dan. 12: 7 I heard the man clothed in linen, which was 
upon the waters of the river, when he held up bis right hand 
and his left hand unto heaven, and sware by him that liveth 
for ever, tliat it shall he for a time, times, and an half; and when 
he shall have accomplished to scatter the power of the holy 
people, all these things shall be finished. 

Joel 3: 13 Put ye in the sickle, for the harvest is ripe: 
come, get you down ; for the press is full, the fats overflow; 
for their wickedness is great. 

Am. 8:11 Behold, the days come, saith the Lord God, that 
I will send a famine in the land, not a famine of bread, nor a 
thirst for water, but of hearing the words of the Lord. • 

Mat. 24: 24 There shall arise false Christs, and false pro- 
phets, and shall shew great signs and wonders ; insomuch that^ 
if it were possible, they shall deceive the very elect. 

Lk. 18: 8 Nevertheless, when the Son of man cometh, shall 
he find faith on the earth ? 

2 Th. 2: 3 Let no man deceive you by any means : for that 
day shall not come, except there come a falling away first, and 
that man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition ; 4 Who 
opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God, or 
that is worshipped ; so that he, as God, sitteth in the temple 
of God, shewing himself that he is God. 7 For the mystery 
of iniquity doth already work : only he who now letteth wiu 
let, until he be taken out of the way. 

2 Tim. 3: 1 Tliis know also, that in the last days perilous 
times shall come. 2 For men shall be lovers of their own 
selves, covetous, boasters, proud, bhisphemers, disobedient to 
parents, unthankful, unholy, 3 Without natural affection, 
truce-breakers, false accusers, incontinent, fierce, despisers of 
those that are good, 4 Traitors, heady, high-minded, lovers 
of pleasures more than lovers of God ; 5 Having a form of 
godliness, but denying the power thereof: from such turn 
away. 

2 Pet. 2: 1 There were false prophets also among the people, 
even as there shall be false teachers among you, who privily 
shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that 
76 



ghbist's kingdom. 87 



Its Enemies to be destroyed. 



bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction. 
2 And many shall follow their pernicious ways ; by reason of 
whom the way of truth shall be evil spoken of. — 3: 3 Know- 
ing this first, that there shall come in the last days scofifbrs, 
walking after their own lusts, 4 And saying, Where i^the 
promise of his coming ? for since the fathers fell asleep, all 
things continue as they were from the beginning of the cre- 
ation. 

Jude 17 Beloved, remember ye the words which were spo- 
ken before of the apostles of our Lord Jesus Christ: 18 How 
that they told you there should be mockers in the last time, 
who should walk after their own ungodly lusts. 19 These 
be they who separate themselves, sensual, having not the 
Spirit 

Rev. 3: 10 Because thou hast kept the word of my patience, 

I also will keep thee from the hour of temptation, which shall 

come upon all the world, to try them that dwell upon the earth. 

— 11: 3 I will give power imto my two witnesses, and they 

shall prophesy a thousand two hundred and threescore days, 

clothed in sackcloth. 7 And when they shall have finished 

their testimony, the beast that ascendeth out of the bottomless 

pit shall make war against them, and shall overcome them, 

and kill them. 10 And they that dwell upon the earth shall 

rejoice over them ; and make merry, and shall send gifts one 

to another ; because these two prophets tormented them that 

dwelt on the earth. — 12: 12 Wo to the inhabiters of the earth, 

and of the sea ! for the devil is come down unto you, having 

great wrath, because he knoweth that he hath but a short time. 

— 13: 3 I saw one of his heads as it were wounded to death; 

and his deadly wound was healed : and all the world wondered 

after the beast. 4 And they worshipped the dragon which 

gave power unto the beast : and they worshipped the beast, 

saying, Who is like unto the beast ? who is able to make war 

with him? — 16: 13 I saw three unclean spirits like frogs come 

out of the mouth of the dragon, and out of the mouth of the 

beast, and out of the mouth of the false prophet. 14 For they 

are the spirits of devils, working miracles, which go forth unto 

the kings of the earth, and of the whole world, to gather them 

to the battle of that great day of Grod Almighty. 

87. Will the foea of Christ's kingdom be cut off before the millennium f 

Ps. 2: 8 Ask of me, and I shall give thee the heathen for 
thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for thy 
possession. 9 Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron ; thou 
Bhalt dash them in pieces Ijke a potter's ves[seL— 37: 9 £yil 

7* 77 



87 ciiuist's kingdom. 



I to Enemies to be destroyed. 



doers shall be cut off: but tliose that wait upon the Lord, 
they shall inherit the earth. [10— 13.]— 82: 8 Arise, O God, 
judge the earth : for thou shalt inherit all nations. 

Is. 1: 27 Zion shall be redeemed with judgment, and her 
concerts with righteousness. 28 And the destruction oi thtt 
transgressors and of the sinners shall be together, and they tha£ 
forsake the Lord shall be consumed. — 2: 12 The day of the 
Lord of hosts shall be upon every one that is proud and lofty, 
and upon every one that is lifted up ; and he shall be brought 
low. [17— 20. J — 13: 9 Behold, the day of the Lord cometh, 
cruel both with wmth and fierce anger, to lay the land deso- 
late : and he shall destroy the sinners thereof out of it. — 24:1 
Behold, the Loud maketh the earth empty, and makethit 
waste, and turneth it upside down, and scattereth iibroad the 
inhabitants thereof. 3 The land shall be utterly emptied, and 
utterly spoiled : for tlie Lord hath spoken this word. 4 The 
earth moumeth and fadeth away, the world languisheth and 
fadeth away, the haughty people of the earth do languish. 
6 The earth also is defiled under the inhabitants thereof; be- 
cause they have transgressed the laws, changed the ordinance, 
broken the everlasting covenant. G Therefore hath the curse 
devoured the earth, and they that dwell therein are desolate : 
therefore the inhabitants of the earth are bui*ned, and few men 
left. 17 Fear, and the pit, and the snare, are upon thee, 
inhabitant of the earth. 18 And it shall come to pass, thathd 
who fleeth fVom the noise of the fear shall fall into the pit ; 
and he that cometh up out of the midst of the pit shall be 
taken in the snare : for the windows from on high are open, 
and the foundations of the earth do shake. 19 The earth is 
utterly broken down, the earth is clean dissolved, the earth is 
moved exceedingly. 20 The earth shall reel to and fro like a 
drunkard, and shall be removed like a cottage ; and the trans- 
gression thereof shall be heavy upon it ; and it shall fall, and 
not rise again. 23 Then the moon shall be confounded, and 
the sun ashamed, when the Lord of hosts shall reign in mount 
Zion, and in Jerusalem, and before his ancients gloriously. 
[See the whole Chap.] — 26: 20 Come, my people, enter thou 
into thy chambers, and shut thy dooi*s about ihee : liide thyself 
as it were for a little moment, until the indignation be over^ 
past. 21 For behold, the Lord cometh out of his place to 
punish the inhabitants of the earth for their iniquity : the earth 
also shall disclose her blood, and shall no more cover her slain. 
— 28: 21 The Lord shall rise up as in mount Perazim, he 
shall be wi-oth as in the valley of Gibeon, that he may do his 
work, his strange work ; and bring to pass his act, his strange 
78 



ghbist's kingdom. 87 



Its Enemies to be destroyed. 



act 22 Now therefore be ye not mockers, lest your bands be 
made strong : for I have heard from the Lord God of hosts a 
consumption, even determined upon the whole earth. — 34: 1 
Come near, ye nations, to hear ; and hearken, ye people : let 
the earth hear, and all that is therein ; the world, and all things 
that come forth of it. 2 For the indignation of the Lord is 
upon all nations, and his fury upon all their armies : he hath 
utterly destroyed them, he hath delivered them to the slaugh- 
ter. 3 Their slain also shail be cast out, and their stink shall 
come up out of their carcasses, and the mountains shall be 
melted with their blood. 4 And all the host of heaven shall 
be dissolved, and the heavens shall be rolled together as a scroll : 
and all their host shall fall down, as the leaf falleth off from 
the vine, and as a falling Jiff from the fig-tree. 8 For it is 
the day of the Lord's vengeance, and the year of recompen- 
ses for the controversy of Zion. [See verses 5 — 7, 9, 10 and 
the following chap.] — 63: 1 Who is this that cometh from 
Edom, with dyed garments from Bozrah ? this that is glorious 
in his apparel, travelKng in the greatness of his strength ? I 
that speak in righteousness, mighty to save. 2 Wherefore 
art thou red in thme apparel, and thy garments like him that 
treadeth in the wine-fat ? 3 I have trodden the wine-press 
alone ; and of the people there was none with me : for I will 
tread them in mine anger, and trample them in my fury, and 
their blood shall be sprinkled upon my garments, and I will 
stain all my raiment. 4 For the day of vengeance is in mine 
heart, and the year of my redeemed is come. — 66: 15 Behold, 
the Lord will come with fire, and with his chariots like a 
whirlwind, to render his anger with fury, and his rebuke with 
flames of fire. 16 For by fire and by his sword ^vill the Lord 
plead with all flesh: and the slain of the Lord shall be 
many. 

Jer. 25: 31 A noise shall come even to the ends of the earth ; 
for . the Lord hath a controversy with the nations, he will 
plead with all flesh ; he will give them that are wicked to the 

sword, saith the Lord. 32 Thus saith the Lord of hosts. 
Behold, evil shall go forth from nation to nation, and a great 
Whirlwind shall be raised up from the coasts of the earth. 
33 And the slain of the Lord shall be at that day from one 
end of the earth even unto the other end of the earth : they 
shall not be lamented, neither gathered, nor buried ; they shall 
be dung upon the ground. 

. Ezk. 38 [An account of the general gathering of the na- 
tions under Gog, upon the mountains of Israel, which concludes 
thus.] 21 I will call for a sword against him throughout all 

79 



87 ohbist's kingdom* 



Its Eucniies to be destroyed. 



my mountains, saith the Lord God : every man's sword shall 
be against his brother. 22 And I will plead against him with 
pestilence and with blood ; and I will rain upon him, and upon 
his bands, and upon the many people that are with him, an 
overflowing rain, and great hailstones, fire, and brimstone.— 
39: 1 Thou son of man, prophesy against Gog, and say, Thus 
saith the Lord God ; Behold, I am against thee, O Gog, the 
chief prince of Meshech and Tubal : 2 And I will turn thee 
back, and leave but the sixth part of thee, and will cause thee 
to come up from the north parts, and will bring thee upon the 
mountains of Israel : 3 And I will smite thy bow out of thy 
left hand, and will cause thine arrows to fall out of thy right 
hand. 4 Thou shalt fall upon the mountains of Israel, thou 
and all thy bands, and the people that is with thee : I wiU give 
thee unto the ravenous birds of every sort, and to the beasta 
of the field, to be devoured. 5 Thou shalt fall upon the open 
field : for I have spoken it, saith the Lord God. 6 And I 
will send a fire on Magog, and among them that dwell care- 
lessly in the isles : and they shall know that I am the Lobd. 
7 So will I make my holy name known in the midst of my 
people Israel ; and I will not let them pollute my holy name 
any more : and the heathen shall know that I am the Lord, 
the Holy One in Israel. 8 Behold, it is come, and it is done, 
saith the Lord God ; this is the day whereof I have spoken. 

9 And they that dwell in the cities of Israel shall go forth, 
and shall set on fire and bum the weapons, both the shields, 
and the bucklers, the bows and the arrows, and the hand-staves, 
and the spears, and they shall burn them with fire seven years: 

10 So that they shall take no wood out of the field, neither 
cut down any out of the forests ; for they shall bum the weap- 
ons with fii'e : and they shall spoil those that spoiled them, and 
rob those that robbed them, saith the Lord God. 12 And 
seven months shall the house of Israel be burying of them, that 
they may cleanse the land. 17 And, thou son of man, thus 
saith the Lord God ; Speak unto every feathered fowl, and to 
every beast of the field. Assemble yourselves, and come; 
gather yourselves on every side to my* sacrifice that I do sacri 
fice for you, even a great sacrifice upon the mountains of Israel, 
that ye may eat flesh, and drink blood. 

Joel 3: 9 Proclaim ye this among the Gentiles ; Prepare 
war, wake up the mighty men, let all the men of war draw 
near; let them come up: 13 Put ye in the sickle, for the 
harvest is ripe : come, get you down ; for the press is full, the 
fets overflow ; for their wickedness is great. 14 Multitudes, 
multitudes in the valley of decision : for the day of the Losd 
80 



Christ's kingdok. 87 



Its Eucmies to bo dc^ti-oyed. 



is near in the valley of decision. 15 The sun and the moon 
shall be darkened, and the stars shall withdraw their shining. 
16 The L/ORD also shall roar out of Zion, and utter his voice 
from Jerusalem ; and the heavens and the earth shall shake : 
but the Lord wiI2 be the hope of his people, and the strength 
of the childi'en of Israel. 17 So shall ye know that I am the 
Lord your God dwelling in Zion my holy mountain : then 
ehall Jerusalem be holy, and there shall no strangers pass 
through her any more. 

Zep. 1:2 1 will utterly consume all things from off the land, 
saith the Lord. 3 I will consume man and beast; I wUl 
consume the fowls of the heaven, and the fishes of the sea, 
and the stumbling-blocks with the wicked ; and I will cut off 
man from off the land, saith the Lord. [17, 18.] — 3: 8 Wait 
ye upon me, saith the Lord, until the day that I rise up to 
the prey : for my determination is to gather the nations, that 
I may assemble the kingdoms, to pour upon them mine indig- 
nation, even all my fierce anger : for all the eailh shall be 
devoured with the fire of my jealousy. 9 For then will I 
turn to the people a pure language, that they may all call upon 
the name of the Lord, to serve him mth one consent. 12 I 
will also leave in the midst of thee an afflicted and poor peo- 
ple, and they shall trust in the name of the Lord. 13 The 
remnant of Israel shall not do iniquity, nor speak lies ; neither 
shall a deceitful tongue be found in their mouth : for they shall 
feed and lie down, and none shall make thetn afraid. 

Mai. 4: 1 Behold, the day cometh, that shall bum as an 
oven ; and all the proud, yea, and all that do wickedly, shall 
be stubble : and the day that cometh shall bum them up, saith 
the Lord of hosts, that it shall leave them neither root nor 
branch. 2 But unto you that fear my name, shall the Sun of 
righteousness arise with healing in his wings ; and ye shall 
go forth, and grow up as calves of the stall. 3 And ye shall 
tread down the wicked ; for they shall be ashes under the soles 
of your feet in the day that I shall do this, saith the Lord of 
hosts. 

Rev. 16: 17 The seventh angel poured out his vial into the 
air ; and there came a great voice out of the temple of heaven, 
fi-ora the throne, saying, It is done. 18 And there were voices, 
and thunders, and lightnings ; and there was a great earth- 
quake, such as was not since men were upon the earth, so 
mighty an earthquake, and so great. 19 And the great city 
was di\'ided into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell : 
and great Babylon came in remembrance before God, to give 
unto her the cup of the wine of the fierceness of his wrath. 



88, 89 ohbist's KiNaDOX. 



OccTtSions joy — Clirist warns the wicked. 



20 And every island fled away, and the mountains were not 
found. 21 And there fell upon men a great hail out of 
heaven, every stone about the weight of a talent: and men 
blasphemed Grod because of the plague of the hail ; for the 
plague thereof was exceeding great. — 19: 19 [Contains a 
desciiption of a general destruction of the kings of the earth, 
and their armies, by one who sat on a white horse, which con- 
cludes thus.] 21 And the remnant were slain with the sword 
of him that sat upon the horse, which sword proceeded out of 
his mouth : and all the fowls were filled with their flesh. — 
20: 1 I saw an angel come down from heaven, having the key 
of the bottomless })it and a great chain in his hand. 2 And he 
laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil, 
and Satan, and bound liim a thousand years. 1 S. 2: 10, Fr« 
2: 21, Is. 11: 1— G, and 29: 7, 8, Dan. 12: 1. 
[See 381, 48G, 513, 566, 630, 733.] 

88. Joy in view of the overthrow of Christ'^s enemies 

Is. 24: 13 When thus it shall be in the midst of the land 
among the people, there shall be as the shaking of an olive- 
tree, and as the gleaning-grapes when the vintage is done. 

14 They shall lift up their voice, they shall sing for the ma- 
jesty of the Lord, they shall cry aloud from the sea. 15 
Wherefore glorify ye the Lord in the fires, even the name of 
the Lord God of J&rael in the isles of the sea. 16 From the 
uttermost part of the earth have we heard songs, even glory to 
the righteous. 

Zep. 3: 14 Sing, O daughter of Zion ; shout, O Israel ; be 
glad and rejoice with all the heart, O daughter of Jerusalem. 

15 The Lord hath taken away thy judgments, he hath cast 
out thine enemy : the King of Israel, even the Lord, is in 
the midst of thee : thou shalt not see evil any more. 

[See 237, 571.] 

89. Christ and his friends warn the vncked before their overthrow. 

Mat. 24: 14 This gospel of the kingdom shall be preached 
in all the world, for a witness unto all nations ; and then shall 
the end come. 

Rev. 11: 3 I will give power unto my two witnesses, and 
they shall prophecy a thousand two hundred and three-score 
days, clothed in sackcloth. — 14: 6 I saw another angel fly in 
the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach 
unto them that dwell on the earth, and to every nation, and 
kindred, and tongue, and people, 7 Saying with a loud voice, 
Fear Grod, and give glory to him ; for the hour of his judgment 
82 



CHRIST'S KIKGDOM. 90 



Its Final Triumph. 



Jb oome : and worship liim that made heaven, and earth| and 
the sea, and the fountains of waters. 

90. Progress and fined triumph of ChrisCa kingdom, upon earth. 

Ps. 72: 8 He shall have dominion also from sea to sea, and 
from the riverunto the ends of the earth. 9 They that dwell in 
the wilderness shall bow before him ; and his enemies shall 
lick the dust. 10 The kings of Tarshish and of the isles shall 
bring presents : the kings of Sheba and Seba shall offer gifts. 
11 Yea, all kings shall fall down before him : all nations shall 
serve him. 

Is. 9: 7 Of the increase of his government and peace there 
tihaU he no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his king- 
dom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment, and with 
justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the Lobd 
of hosts will perform this. 

Dan. 2: 35 The stone that smote the image became a great 
mountain, and filled the whole earth. 44 And in the days of 
these kings shall the Grod of heaven set up a kingdom, which 
shall never be destroyed : and the kingdom shall not be left to 
other people, hut it shall break in pieces and consume all these 
kingdoms, and it shall stand for ever. 45 Forasmuch as thou 
sawest that the stone was cut out of the mountain without 
hands, and that it brake in pieces the iron, the brass, the clay, 
the silver, and the gold ; the great God hath made known to 
the king what shall come to pass hereafter : and the dream is 
certain, and the interpretation thereof sure. — 7: 13 I saw in the 
night visions, and behold, one like the Son of man came with 
the clouds of heaven, and came to the Ancient of days, and they 
brought him near before him. 14 And there was given him 
dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all people, nations, 
and languages should serve him. 

Zee. 14: 9 The Lord shall be king overall the earth: in 
that day shall there be one Lord, and his name one. 

Mat. 13: 31 Another parable put he forth unto them, say- 
ing. The kingdom of heaven is like to a grain of mustard-seed, 
which a man took, and sowed in his field : 32 Which indeed 
is the least of all seeds : but when it is grown, it is the great- 
est among herbs, and becometh a tree, so that the birds of the 
air come and lodge in the branches thereof. 33 Another par- 
able spake he imto them ; The kingdom of heaven is like unto 
leaven, which a woman took, and hid in three measures of 
meal, till the whole was leavened. 

Bev. 11: 15 The seventh angel sounded; and there were 
great voices in heaven, saying, The kingdoms of this world 



91 — 93 CHURCH OF GOD. 



Design of — Foundation of. 



are become the kingdoms of our Lord, and of his Christ, and he 
shall reign for ever and ever. — 20: 4 And I saw thrones, and 
they sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them : and 
I saw the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of 
Jesus, and for the word of Grod, and which had not worshipped 
the beast, neither his image, neither had received his mark 
upon their foreheads, or in their hands ; and thej lived and 
reigned with Christ a thousand years. [See 440.] 

91. Duration of ChrisCs kingdom. 

Ps. 45: 6 Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever. 

Dan. 7: 14 His dominion is an everlasting dominion, which 
shall not pass away, and his kingdom that which shall not be 
destroyed. 

Lk. 1: 33 He shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever; 
and of his kingdom there shall be no end. 

CHURCH OF GOD. 

92. Design of the church of God. 

Mat 5: 13 Ye are the salt of the earth : but if the salt have 
lost his savor, wherewith shall it be salted ? it is thenceforth 
good for nothing, but to be cast out, and to be trodden under 
foot of men. 14 Ye are the light of the world. A city that 
is set on. a hill cannot be hid. 15 Neither do men light a can- 
dle, and put it under a bushel, but on a candlestidk : and it 
giveth light unto all that are in the hquse. 16 Let your light 
so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and 
glorify your Father which is in heaven. 

Ep. 3: 10 To the intent that now unto the principalities and 
powers in heavenly places might be known by the church the 
manifold wisdom of God, 11 According to the eternal pur- 
pose which he purposed in Christ Jesus our Lord. 

1 Tim. 3: 15 The church of the living Grod, the pillar and 
ground of the tnith. 

93. Foundation of the church. 

Mat. 16: IG Simon Peter answered and said. Thou art the 
Christ, the Son of the living God. 18 Thou art Peter, and 
upon this rock [Christ] I will build my church : and the gates 
of hell shall not prevail against it. — 21: 42 Did ye never read 
in the scriptures, The stone which the builders rejected, the 
same is become the head of the comer. [Ps. 118: 22. Is. 
28: 16. 1 Pet. 2: 7.] 

1 Cor. 3: 9 Ye are God's husbandry, ye are Grod's building. 
84 



CHUBCH OF GOD. 94^ 95 



Greatly beloved — safe. 



11 Other foundation can no man lay than that is laid, which is 
Jesus Christ. 

£p. 2: 20 And are built upon the foundation of the apostles 
and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief comer-stone; 
21 Li whom all the building fitly framed together, groweth 
nnto an holy temple in the Lord. 

94. The church an object of love and of prayer. 

Ps. 51: 18 Do good in thy good pleasure unto Zion : build 
thou the walls of Jerusalem. — 87: 2 The Lord loveth the 
gates of Zion more than all the dwellings of Jacob. — 122: 6 
Pray for the peace of Jerusalem : they shall prosper that love 
thee. 7 Peace be within thy walls, and prosperity within thy 
palaces. 8 For my brethren and companions' sakes, I will 
now say. Peace he within thee. 9 Because of the house of the 
Lord our God I wiU seek thy good. — 137: 5 If I forget thee, 
O Jerusalem, let my right hand forget her cunning, G If I do 
jiot remember thee, let my tongue cleave to the roof of my 
mouth ; if I prefer not Jerusalem above my chief joy. 

Song 7: 10 \am my beloved's, and his desire is toward me. 

Is. 62: 6 I have set watchmen upon thy walls, O Jerusalem, 
which shall never hold their peace day nor night: ye that 
make mention of the Lord, keep not silence. 7 And give him 
BO rest, till he establish, and till he make Jerusalem a praise 
in the earth. 

Ep. 5: 25 Husbands, love your wives, even as Christ also 
loved the church, and gave himself for it. 29 No man ever 
yet hated his own fiesh ; but nourisheth and cherisheth it, even 
as the Lord the church. [See 111, 504, 585, 672.] 

95. The church safe. 

Ps. 46: 1 Grod is our refuge and strength, a very present 
help in trouble. 2 Therefore will we not fear, though the 
earth be removed, and though the mountains be carried into 
the midst of the sea ; 3 I'hough the waters thereof roar and 
be troubled, though the mountains shake with the swelling 
thereof. 4 There is a river, the streams whereof shall make 
glad the city of God, the holy place of the Tabernacles of the 
Most High. 5 God is in the midst of her ; she shall not be 
moved: God shall help her, and that right early. 6 The 
heathen raged, the kingdoms were moved: he uttered his 
voice, the earth melted. 7 The Lord of hosts is with us ; 
the God of Jacob is our refuge. — 125: 2 As the mountains 
are round about Jerusalem, so the Lord is round about his 
people from henceforth even for ever. 

8 85 



96,97 CHT7BCH OFFIOEBS. 



Apostles. 



Pr. 18: 10 The name of the Lord is a strong tower : the 
righteous runneth into it, and is safe. 

Is. 43: 2 When thou passest through the waters, I tnH be 
with thee; and through the rivers, they shall not overflow 
thee : when thou walkest through the fire, thou shalt not be 
burned ; neither shall the Hame kindle upon the^ 3 For I 
am the Lord thy God, the Holy One of Israel, thy SaYioor : 
I gave Egypt for thy ransom, Ethiopia and Seba for thee. 4 
Since thou wast precious in my sight, thou hast been honora- 
ble, and I have loved thee: therefore will I give men for thee, 
and people for thy life. 5 Fear not ; for I am with thee : I 
will bring thy seed from the east, and gather thee from the 
west : 6 I will say to the north, Give up : and to the south, 
Keep not back : bring my sons from far, and my daughters 
from the ends of the earth. — 54: 14 In righteousness shalt 
thou be established : thou shalt be far from oppression ; for 
thou shalt not fear : and from terror ; for it shall not oome 
near thee. 17 No weapon that is formed against thee shall 
prosper ; and every tongue that shall rise against thee in judg- 
ment thou shalt condemn. This is the heritage of the ser- 
vants of the Lord, and their righteousness is of me, saith the 
Lord. [See 515 — 517, 585.] 

96. Qirist the head of the church. 

Mat. 23: 8 Be not ye called Babbi : for one is your Master, 
even Christ ; and all ye are brethren. 9 And call no man your 
father upon the earth : for one is your Father which is in heaven. 
10 Neither be ye called masters : for one is your Master, even 
Christ. 

Ep. 1: 22 And hath put all things under his feet, and gave 
him to be the head over all things to the church, 23 Wbich 
is his body, the fulness of him that fiUeth all in all. |^See 76.] 

CHURCH OFFICERS. 

97. Apostles^ or extraordinary officers^ called directly by Christ 

Mat. 4: 18 Jesus, walking by the sea of Galilee, saw two 
brethren, Simon called Peter, and Andrew his brother, casting 
a net into the sea ; for they were fishers. 19 And he saith 
unto them, Follow me, and I will make you fishers of men. — 
10: 5 These twelve Jesus sent forth. 

Gul. 1: 1 Paul, an apostle, (not of men, neither by man, but 
by Jesus Christ, and G<k1 the Father, who raised him from the 
dead.) 

86 



OHUSCH OFFICXB8. 98 — 100 



Apostles. 



98. The apotdes, instructed by direct revdations. 

Mat 10: 19 When they deliver you up, take no thought how 
or what ye shall speak, for it shall be given you in that same 
hour what ye shall speak. 20 For it is not ye that speak, but 
the Spirit of your Father which speaketh in you. 

Grid- 1: 11 I certify you, brethren, that the gospel which 
was preached of me is not after man: 12 For I neither re- 
ceived it of man, neither was I taught iV, but by the revelation 
of Jesus Christ. — 2: 8 (He that wrought effectually in Peter 
to the apostleship of the circumdsion, the same was mighty in 
me toward the Gentiles.) 

99. Apotdes, eye-witnesses of Chrisfs resurrection. 

Ac. 1: 21 Of these men which have companied with us, 
an the time that the Lord Jesus went in and out among us. 
22 Beginning from the baptism of John, unto that same day 
that he was taken up from us, must one be ordained to be a 
witness with us of his resurrection. — 13: 30 God raised him 
£rom the dead : 31 And he was seen many days of them which 
came up with him from Galilee to Jerusalem, who are his wit- 
nesses unto the people. 

1 Cor. 15: 8 Last of all he was seen of me also, as of one bom 
oat of due time. 

100. Miracvhus gifts and airtJiority of the aposdes. 

Mat 10: 1 When he had called unto Mm his twelve disci- 
ples, he gave them power against unclean spirits, to cast them 
oat, and to heal all manner of sickness, and all manner of dis- 
ease. — 16: 19 I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of 
heaven, and whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth, shall be 
bound in heaven ; and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth, 
shall be loosed in heaven. — 18: 18 Verily I say unto you, 
Whatsoever ye shall bind on earth, shall be bound in heaven : 
and whatsoever ye shall loose on earth, shall be loosed in 
heaven. 19 If two of you shall agree on earth, as touching 
anything that they shall ask, it shall be done for them of my 
Father which is in heaven. 

Jn. 20: 23 Whose soever sins ye remit, they are remitted 
onto them ; and whose soever sins ye retain, they are retained. 

Ac 8: 17 Then laid they their hands on them, and they 
recttved the Holy Ghost. 18 And when Simon saw that 
through laving on of the apostles' hands the Holy Ghost was 
given, he offered them money, 19 Saying, Give me also this 
power, that on whomsoever I lay hands, he may receive the 
^^y Ghost — 15: 28 It seemed good to the Holy Ghost and 



101, 103 CHURCH OFPICSBS. 



Teachers and Pastors — Deacons. 



to US, to lay upon you no greater burden than these necessary 
things ; 29 That ye abstain from meats offered to idols, and 
from blood, and from things strangled, and from fornication : 
from which if ye keep yourselves, ye shall do well. Fare 
ye well. 

2 Cor. 12: 12 Truly the signs of an apostle were wrought 
among you in all patience, in signs, and wonders, and mighty 
deeds. [See 189.] 

101. Elders^ Overseers^ J^HnisterSf Bishops, Preachers, Teachers, Pastortf 
Evangelists, (one office,) to instruct, admonish, edify, lead and guide, 

Jer. 3: 15 I will give you pastors according to mine heart, 
which shall feed you with knowledge and understanding. 

Lk. 1: 2 Even as they delivered them unto us, which from 
the beginning were eye- witnesses, and ministers of the word. 

Ac 15: 6 The apostles and elders came together for to con- 
sider of this matter. 23 They wrote letters by them after this 
manner ; The apostles, and elders, and brethren, send greeting 
unto the brethren wliich are of the Gentiles in Antioch, and 
Syria, and Cilicia. — 20: 28 Take heed therefore unto your- 
selves, and to all the flock over the which the Holy Ghost hath 
made you overseers, to feed the church of God, which he hath 
purchased with his own blood. 

Ep. 4: 11 He gave some, apostles ; and some, prophets ; and 
some, evangelists ; and some, pastors and teachers; 12 For 
the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for 
the edifying of the body of Christ. 

Ph. 1: 1 Paul and Timotheus, the servants of Jesus Christ, 
to all the saints in Christ Jesus which are at Philippi, with the 
bishops and deacons. 

1 Tim. 2: 7 Whereunto I am ordained a preacher and an 
apostle, (I speak the truth in Christ, and lie not,) a teacher of 
the Gentiles in faith and verity. — 3: 1 This is a true sayings 
If a man desire the office of a bishop, he desireth a good work. 

2 Tim. 1:11 Whereunto I am appointed a preacher, and an 
apostle, and a teacher of the G^ntik;s. 

1 Pet. 5: 1 The elders which are among you I exhort, who 
am also an elder, and a witness of the sufferings of Christ, and 
also a partaker of the glory that shall be revealed : 2 Feed 
the flock of God which is among you, taking the oversight 
thereof J not by constraint, but willingly ; not for filthy lucre, but 
of a ready mind ; 3 Neither as being lords over God's heritagCi 
but being ensamples to the flock. [See 447.] 

102. Deacons, to distribute alms, serve tables, etc. 

Ac 6: 1 In those days, when the number of the disdpl' 

88 



CHimCH OFFICERS — ORDINANCES. 103,104 

Elders — Baptism and Lord'8 Supper. 

was multiplied, there arose a munnuring of the Grecians 
against the Hebrews, because their widows were neglected in 
the daily ministration. 2 Then the twelve called the multitude 
of the disciples unto them, and said, It is not reason that we 
should leave the word of God, and serve tables. 3 Wherefore, 
brethren, look ^e out among you seven men of honest report, 
full of the Holy Ghost and wisdom, whom we may appoint 
over this business. 4 But we will give ourselves continually 
to prayer, and to the ministry of the word. 5 And the saying 
pleased the whole multitude : and they chose Stephen, a man 
ftdl of faith and of the Holy Ghost, and Philip, and Prochorus, 
and Nicanor, and Timon, and Parmenas, and Nicolas a prose- 
lyte of Antioch, 6 Whom they set before the apostles : and 
when they had prayed, they laid their hands on them. 

1 Tim. 3: 8 Likewise must the deacons be grave, not double- 
tongued, not given tp much wine, not greedy of filthy lucre ; 
9 Holding the mystery of the faith in a pure conscience. 10 
And let these also first be proved ; then let them use the ofl5ce 
of a deacon, being found blameless. 1 1 Even so must their 
wives be grave, not slanderers, sober, faithful in all things. 12 
Let the deacons be the husbands of one wife, ruling their 
children and their own houses well. 13 For they that have 
used the office of a deacon well, purchase to themselves a 
good degree, and great boldness in the faith which is in Christ 
Jesus. 

103. Had any primitive churches a plurality of elders ? 

Ac 14: 23 When they had ordained them elders in every 
church, and had prayed with fasting, they commended them 
to the Lord. — 20: 17 From Miletus he sent to Ephesus, and 
called the elders of the church. 

Tit. 1: 5 For this cause left I thee in Crete, that thou 
shouldest set in order the things that are wanting, and ordain 
elders in every city, as I had appointed thee. 

Jam. 5: 14 Is any sick among you? let him call for the 
elders of the church. 

CHURCH ORDINANCES. 

104. Baptism and lord's Supper appointed. 

Mat. 26: 26 As they were eating, Jesus took bread, and 
blessed it, and brake it, and gave it to the disciples, and said. 
Take, eat ; this is my body. 27 And he took the cup, and 
gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying. Drink ye all of it : 
28 For this is my blood of the new testam^it, which is shed 

8* ^^ 



105, 106 ciiuRcn ordinances. 

Preparation for — a priTil^e. 

for many for the remission of sins. 29 But I say unto you, I 
will not drink henceforth of this fruit of the vine, untU that 
day when I drink it new with you in my Father's kingdom. 
30 And when they had sung a hynm, they went out into the 
mount of Olives. [Mk. 14: 22 — 25. Lk. 22: 14 — 20.] — 
28: 19 Gro ye therefore and teach all nations, baptizing them 
in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy 
Ghost. 

1 Cor. 11: 23 I have received of the Lord, that which also 

1 delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus, the ^ame night in 
which he was betrayed, took bread : 24 And when he had 
given thanks, he brake eV, and said. Take, eat : this is my body, 
which is broken for you : this do in remembrance of me. 25 
After the same manner also he took the cup, when he had 
supped, saying. This cup is the new testament in my blood : 
this do ye, as oft as ye drink it^ in remembrance of me. 26 For 
as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do shew 
the Lord's death till he come. 

105. Preparation required of partakers at the Lord's Supper. 

1 Cor. 5: 7 Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may 
be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our 
passover is sacrificed for us: 8 Therefore let us keep the 
feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice 
and wickedness ; but with the unleavened bread of sincerity 
and truth. — 11: 27 Whosoever shall eat tliis bread, and drink 
this cup of the Lord, unworthily, shall be guilty of the body 
and blood of the Lord. 28 But let a man examine himself, 
and so let liim eat of that bread, and drink of that cup. 29 For 
he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh 
damnation to himself, not discerning the Lord's body. 30 For 
this cause many are weak and siddy among you, and many 
sleep. [See 397.] 

106. Church ordinances a privilege. 

Ps. 27: 4 One thing have I desired of the Lord, that will I 
seek after ; that I may dwell in the house of the Lord all the 
days of my life, to behold the beauty of the Lord, and to in- 
quire in his temple. — 36: 8 They shall be abundantly satisfied 
with the fatness of thy house, and thou shalt make them drink 
of the river of thy pleasures. — 63: 1 O God, thou art my 
God ; early will I seek thee : my soul thirsteth for thee, my fiesh 
longeth for thee in a dry and thirsty land, where no. water is ; 

2 To see thy power and thy glory, so ow I have seen thee in 
the sanctuary. — 65: 4 Blessed is the man whom thou choosest, 

90 



CHUBCH ORDINANCES. 107 

Profearion of Religion. 

and caosest to approach unto thee, that he may dwell in thy 
courts : we shall be satisfied with the goodness of thy house, 
even of thy holy temple. — 84: 1 How amiable are thy taberna- 
cles, O Lord of hosts ! 2 My soul longeth, yea, even fainteth 
for the courts of the Lord : my heart and my flesh crieth out 
for the living God. 3 Yea, the sparrow hath found an house, 
and the swallow a nest for herself, where she may lay her 
young, even thine altars, O Lord of hosts, my King, and my 
Grod. 4 Blessed are they that dwell in thy house : they will 
be still praising thee. 10 For a day in thy courts w better 
than a thousand. I had nMther be a door-keeper in the house 
of my God, than to dwell in the tents of wickedness. — 87: 5 
Of Zion it shall be said, This and that man was bom in her : 
and the ELighest himself shall establish her. 6 The Lord 
shall count, when he writeth up the people, that this man was 
bom there. — 92: 13 Those that be planted in the house of 
the Lord shall flourish in the courts of our God. 14 They 
shall still bring forth fruit in old age ; they shall be fat and 
flourishing. [See 658.] 

107. Profession of religion and observance of Christian ordinances exempli' 
fied and required. 

Dt 26: 17 Thou hast avouched the Lord this day to be thy 
God, and to walk in his ways, and to keep his statutes, and his 
commandments, and his judgments, and to hearken unto his 
voice : 18 And the Lord hath avouched thee this day to be 
his peculiar people, as he hath promised thee, and that thou 
Bhouldest keep all lus commandments. 

Is. 44: 5 One shall say, I am the Lord's ; and another shall 
call himself hy the name of Jacob ; and another shall subscribe 
with bis hand unto the Lord, and surname himself hj the name 
of Israel. 

Mat. 5: 15 Neither do men light a candle, and put it under 
a bushel, but on a candlestick : and it giveth light unto all that 
are in the house. 16 Let your light so shine before men, that 
they may see your good works, and glorify your Father wliich 
is in heaven. — 10: 32 Whosoever therefore shall confess me 
before men, him ^vill I confess also before my Father which 
is in heaven. 33 But whosoever shall deny me before men, 
him will I also deny before my Father which is in heaven. 
Lk. 12: 8, 9. — Mat. 26: 27 He took the cup, and gave thanks, 
and gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of it. 

Mk. 8: 38 Whosoever therefore shall be ashamed of me, and 
of my words, in this adulterous and sinful generation ; of him 
also shall the Son of man be ashamed, when he cometh in the 



108 OHUBOH ORDER, DISdPLIHBy BTa 

Early Conrention. 

glory of his Father with the holy angels. — 16: 16 He that 
believeth and is baptized, shall be saved. 

Lk. 22: 19 He took bread, and gave thanks, and brake tt^ 
and gave unto them, saying, This is my body which is given 
for you : this do in remembrance of me. 

Bom. 10: 9 If thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord 
Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that Grod hath raised him 
from the dead, thou shalt be saved. 10 For with the heart, man 
believeth unto righteousness ; and with the mouth, confessioD 
is made unto salvation. 

1 Cor. 11: 26 As often as ye eat this bread, and drink this 
cup, ye do show the Lord*s death till he come. 

2 Tim. 2: 12 K we suffer, we shall also reign with him: if 
we deny him, he also will deny us. 

1 Jn. 4: 15 Whosoever shall confess that Jesus is the Son of 
God, God dwelleth in him, and he in God. [See 502.] 

CHURCH ORDER, DISCIPLINE, FELLOWSHIP, ETC. 
108. An early ecclesiastical convention. 

Ac 15: 5 There rose up certain of the sect of the Pharisees, 
which believed, saying, That it was needful to circumcise them, 
and to command them to keep the law of Moses. 6 And the 
apostles and elders came together for to consider of this matter. 
22 Then pleased it the apostles and elders, with the whole 
church, to send chosen men of their own company to Antioch, 
with Paul and Barnabas ; namely, Judas sumamed Barsabas, 
and Silas, chief men among the brethren : 23 And they wrote 
letters by them after this manner ; The apostles, and elders, 
and brethren, send greeting unto the brethren which are of the 
Grentiles in Antioch, and Syria, and Cilicia. 24 Forasmuch 
as we have heard, that certain which went out from us, have 
troubled you with words, subverting your souls, saying, Te 
must be circumcised, and keep the law ; to whom we gave no 
such commandment : 25 It seemed good unto us, being as- 
sembled with one accord, to send chosen men unto you, with 
our beloved Barnabas and Paul : 26 Men that have hazarded 
their lives for the name of our Lord Jesus Christ. 27 We 
have sent therefore Judas and Silas who shall also tell i/au the 
same things by mouth. 28 For it seemed good to the Holy 
Ghost, and to us, to lay upon you no greater burden than these 
necessary things; 29 That ye abstain from meats offered 
to idols, and from blood, and from things strangled, and from 
fornication : from which if ye keep yourselves, ye shall do weD, 
Fare ye well. 
92 



0HT7B0H OBDEB, DISCIPLIirBy ETC. 109 

Discipline. 

109. Church discipline. 

Ps. 141: 5 Let the righteous smite me ; it shall he a kindness ; 
and let him reprove me ; it shall be an excellent oil, which shall 
not break my head. 

Mat. 18: 15 If thj brother shall trespass against thee, go 
and tell him his fault between thee and him alone : if he shsil 
hear thee, thou hast gained thy brother. 16 But if he will not 
hear thee, then take with thee one or two more, that in the mouth 
of two or three witnesses every word may be established. 17 
And if he shall neglect to hear them, tell it unto the church : 
but if he neglect to hear the church, let him be unto thee as a 
heathen man and a pubKcan. 

1 CJor. 5: 4 In the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, when ye 
are gathered together, and my spirit, with the power of our 
Lord Jesus Christ, 5 To deliver such an one unto Satan for 
the destruction of the f esh, that the spirit may be saved in 
the day of the Lord Jesus. 9 I wrote unto you in an epistle, 
not to company with fornicators : 10 Yet not altogether with 
the fornicators of this world, or with the covetous, or extortion- 
ers, or with idolaters : for then must ye needs go out of the 
world. 11 But now I have written unto you not to keep 
company, if any man that is called a brother be a fornicator, 
or covetous, or an idolater, or a railer, or a drunkard, or an 
extortioner : with such an one no not to eat 1 2 For what have 
I to do to judge them also that are mthout? do not ye judge 
them that are within? 13 But them that are without God 
judgeth. Therefore put away from among yourselves that 
wicked person. 

Gral. 6: 1 Brethren, if a man be overtaken in a fault, ye which 
are spiritual, restore such an one in the spirit of meekness ; 
considering thyself, lest thou also be tempted. 

2 Th. 3: 6 We command you, brethren, in the name of our 
Lord Jesus Christ, that ye withdraw yourselves from every 
brother that walketh disorderly, and not after the tradition 
which he received of us. 14 And if any man obey not our 
word by this epistle, note that man, and have no company with 
him, that he may be ashamed. 15 Yet count him not as an 
enemy, but admonish him as a brother. 

Tit 3: 10 A man that is an heretic, after the first and 
second admonition, reject ; 11 Ejiowing that he that is such, is 
subverted, and sinneth, being condemned of himself. 

Rev. 2: 2 I know thy works, and thy labor, and thy patience, 
and how thou canst not bear them which are evil ; and thou 
hast tried them which say they are apostles, and are not ; and 

93 



110 OHUBOH OBDEB, DISCIPLINB, STC 

ai_L ■ ^_i_a^M M - - - - - , 

Rules for Edification. 

hast found them liars : 3 And hast borne, and hast patience, 
and for my name's sake hast labored, and hast not fainted. 
[See 610.] 

110. Directions for the edification of churches. 

Bom. 12: 4 As we have many members in one body, and. 
all members have not the same office : 5 So we, hdng many, 
are one body in Christ, and every one members one of another. 
6 Having then gifts, differing according to the grace that is 
given to us, whether prophecy, ht us prophes/if according to the 
proportion of faith ; 7 Or ministry, let ws wait on our minister- 
ing : or he that teaeheth, on teaching : 8 Or he that exhorteth, 
on exhortation: he that giveth, let Mm do it with simplicity: 
he that ruleth, with diligence ; he that sheweth mercy, with 
cheerfulness. 9 Let love be without dissimulation. Abhor 
that which is evil ; cleave to that wliich is good. \0 Be kindly 
affectioned one to another with brotherly love ; in honor pre- 
ferring one another. — 14: 19 Let us therefore follow after the 
things which make for peace, and things wherewith one may 
edify another. — 15: 1 We then that are strong ought to bear 
the infirmities of the weak, and not to please ourselves. 2 Let 
every one of us please his neighbor for his good to edification. 
8 For even Christ pleased not liimself. 

Ep. 4: 15 But speaking the truth in love, may grow up into 
him in all things, which is the head, even Christ: 16 From 
whom the whole body fitly joined together and compacted by 
that which every joint supplieth, according to the efiTectual 
working in the measure of every part, maketh increase of the 
body unto the edifying of itself in love. 29 Let no corrupt 
communication proceed out of your mouth, but that which is 
good to the use of edifying, that it may minister grace unto 
the hearers. 

Col. 3: 16 Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly in all 
wisdom ; teaching and admonishing one another in psalms, and 
hymns, and spiritual songs, singing with grace in your hearts 
to the Lord. [Heb. 10: 24, 25!] 

1 Th. 5: 11 Comfort yourselves together, and edify one 
another, even as also ye do. 

Heb. 3: 13 Exhort one another daily, while it is called 
To-day ; lest any of you be hardened through the deceitfulness 
of sin. — 10: 24 Let us consider one another, to provoke mito 
love, and to good works : 25 Not forsaking the assembling of 
ourselves together, as the manner of some is ; but exhorting 
one another ; and so much the more, as ye see the day ap 
proaching. 
94 



OHUBCH OBDSS, DISCXPLINBy STO. Ill 

Brotherly Love, fellowship and Unity. 



111. Brotherly love, feUowskipj and unity in churches, required and exem- 
lijif.d. 

1 S. 18: 3 Then Jonathan and David made a covenant, be- 
c^aase he loved him as his own soul. 

2 S. 1: 26 I am distressed for thee, my brother Jonathan: 
"Very pleasant hast thou been unto me : thy love to me was 
'wonderful, passing the love of women. 

Ps. 133: 1 Behold, how good and how pleasant it is for 
Iwethren to dwell together in unity! 2 It is like the pre- 
cious ointment upon the head, that ran down upon the beard, 
even Aaron's beard : that went down to the skirts of his gar- 
ments. ' 

Is. 52: 8 Thy watchmen shall lift up the voice ; with the 
voice together shall they sing : for they shall see eye to eye, 
when the Lord shall bring again Zion. 

Jn. 13: 34 A new commandment I give unto you, That ye 
love one another ; as I have loved you, that ye also love one 
another. 35 By this shall all men know that ye are my dis- 
ciples, if ye have love one to another. — 15: 12 This is my 
commandment. That ye love one another, as I have loved you. 
— 17: 20 Neither pray I for these alone; but for them also 
which shall believe on me through their word : 21 That they 
all may be one ; as thou. Father, art in me, and I in thee, that 
they also may be one in us : that the world may believe that 
thou hast sent me. 22 And the glory which thou gavest me, 
I have given them ; that they may be one, even as we are 
one. 

Ac 4: 32 The multitude of them that believed were of one 
heart, and of one soul. — 20: 37 They all wept sore, and fell 
on Paul's neck, and kissed him, 38 Sorrowing most of all for 
the words which he spake, that they should see his face no 
more. 

Bom. 12: 10 jBe kindly affectioned one to another with broth- 
erly love; in honor preferring one another. — 15: 5 The God 
of patience and consolation grant you to be like-minded one 
toward another according to Christ Jesus : 6 That ye may 
with one mind and one mouth glorify God, even the Father 
of our Lord Jesus Christ. 

1 Cor. 1: 10 I beseech you, brethren, by the name of our 
Lord Jesus Christ, that ye all speak the same thing, and thcU 
there be no divisions among you ; hut that ye be perfectly joined 
together in the same mind, and in the same judgment 

2 Cor. 13: II Be perfect, be of good comfort, be of one 

mind, live in peace; and the God of love and peace shall be 

with you. 

96 



Ill CBURCH OBDEB, DISCIPLIKE, ETC. 



Brotherly Lore, Followslup and Unity. 



Gral. 6: 10 As we have therefore opportunity, let us do good 
unto all meuy especially unto them who are of the household 
of faith. 

Ep. 4: 1 I therefore, the prisoner of the Lord, beseech you 
that ye walk worthy of the vocation wherewith ye are called, 
2 With all lowliness and meekness, with long suffering, for- 
bearing one another in love ; 3 Endeavoring to keep the unity 
of the Spirit in the bond of peace. — 5: 2 Walk in love, as 
Christ also hath loved us, and hath given himself for us an 
offering and a sacrifice to God for a sweet-smelling savor. 

Ph. 1: 4 Always in every prayer of mine for you all making 
request with joy, 5 For your fellowsliip in the gospel. 27 
Only let your conversation be as it becometh the gospel of 
Chnst : that whether I come and see you, or else be absent, I 
may hear of your affairs, that ye stand fast in one spirit, with 
one mind striving together for the faith of the gospel. — 2: 1 
If there he therefore any consolation in Christ, if any comfort 
of love, if any fellowship of the Spirit, if any bowels and 
mercies, 2 Fulfil ye my joy, that ye be like-minded, having 
the same love, being of one accord, of one mind. 

Ph. 3: 16 AVliereto we have already attained, let us walk by 
the same rule, let us mind the same thing. 

1 Th. 4: 9 As touching brotherly love ye need not that I 
write unto you : for ye yourselves are taught of God to love 
one another. 10 And indeed ye do it toward all the brethren 
which are in all Macedonia : but we beseech you, brethren, 
that ye increase more and more. 

Heb. 13: 1 Let brotherly love continue. 

1 Pet. 1: 22 Seeing ye have purified your souls in obeying 
the truth through the Spirit unto unfeigned love of the breth- 
ren, see that ye love one another with a pure heart fervently. 
^2i\l Love the brotherhood. 

2 Pet. 1: 5 Besides this, giving all diligence, add to your 
faith, virtue ; and to virtue, knowledge ; 6 And to knowledge, 
temperance ; and to temperance, patience ; and to patience, 
godliness; 7 And to godliness, brotherly kindness; and to 
brotherly kindness, charity. 

1 Jn. 3: 11 This is the message that ye heard from the be- 
ginning, that we should love one another. 12 Not as Cain, 
who was of that wicked one, and slew his brother. 14 We 
know that we have passed from death unto life, because we 
love the brethren. 16 Hereby perceive we the love of God^ 
because he laid down his life for us : and we ought to lay down 
our lives for the brethren. 17 But whoso h^h this world's 
good, and seeth hia brother have need, and shutteth up his 
96 



CHURCH OBDEB, DISCIPLINE, ETC. 112 

Limits of Fellowship — Dislellowsbip. 



yowels of compassion from him, how dwelleth the love of God 
Jfl Jbim ? 18 My little children, let us not love in word, neither 
ID tongue, but in deed and in truth. 19 And hereby we know 
that we are of the truth, and shall assure our hearts before 
liinL 23 And this is his commandment ; That we should be- 
lieve on the name of his Son Jesus Christ, and love one anoth- 
er, as he gave us commandment. — 4: 7 Beloved, let us love 
one another : for love is of God ; and eveiy one that loveth is 
bom of God, and knoweth God. 8 He that loveth not, know- 
eth not God ; for God is love. 10 Herein is love, not that 
we loved Grod, but that he loved us, and sent liis Son to he the 
propitiation for our sins. 11 Beloved, if God so loved us, 
we ought also to love one another. 21 This commandment 
have we from him. That he who loveth God, love his brother 
also. 

2 Jn. 5 Now I beseech thee, lady, not as though I wrote a 
new oonmiandment unto thee, but that which we had from the 
beginning, that we love one another.' [See 94, 114, 412.] 

112. Limits of Christian fdlowsJdp prescribed — Disft llowship. 

2 Ch. 19: 2 Jehu the son of Hanani the seer went out to 
meet him, and said to king Jehosaphat, Shouldest thou help 
the ungodly, and love them that hate the Lord ? therefore is 
wrath upon thee from before the Lord. 

Mat. 10: 11 Into whatsoever city or town ye shall enter, 
inquire who in it is worthy ; and there abide till ye go thence. 
12 And when ye come into a house, salute it. 13 And 
if the house be worthy, let your peace come upon it ; but if 
it be not worthy, let your peace return to you. 14 And 
whosoever shall not receive you, nor hear your words, when 
ye depart out of that house, or city, shake off the dust of your 
feet. 

1 Cor. 5: 9 I wrote unto you in an epistle, not to company 
with fornicators : 10 Yet not altogether with the fornicators 
of this world, or Avith the covetous, or extortioners, or with 
idolaters : for then must ye needs go out of the world. 11 But 
now I have written unto you not to keep company, if any man 
that is called a brother be a fornicator, or covetous, or an idol- 
ater, or a railer, or a drunkard, or an extortioner : with such a 
one no not to eat. — 10: 20 I would not that ye should have 
fellowship with devils. 

Ep. 5: 11 Have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of 
darkness, but rather reprove them, 

2 Th. 3: 6 We command you, brethren, in the name of our 
Lord Jesus Christ, that ye withdraw yourselves from every 

9 97 



118, 114 OHUBCH UKITT, ETC. 



Chorch one body — Unity important 



brother that walketh disorderly, and not after the traditi<n 
which he received of us. 14 And if any man obey not cup 
word by this epistle, note that man, and have no company with 
him, that he may be ashamed. 15 Yet count him not as an 
enemy, but admonish him as a brother. 

2 Tim. 3: 5 Having a foi*m of godliness, but denying the 
power thereof: from such turn away. 

2 Jn. 10 If there come any unto you, and bring not this 
doctrine, receive him not into your house, neither bid him God 
speed: 11 For he that biddeth him God speed, is partaker 
of his evil deeds. [See 115, 122, 177, 477.] 

CHURCH-UNITY. 

113. The Cliurch of Christ one body. 

1 Cor. 12: 13 By one Spirit are we all baptized into one 
body, whether we be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond <» 
fi^e ; and have been all made to drink into one Spirit. 

Ep. 4: 4 ITiere is one body, and one Spirit, even as ye are 
called in one hope of your calling ; 5 One Lord, one faith, 
one baptism, 6 One Grod and Father of all, who is above all, 
and through all, and in you all. 

114. Church unity not to he hrohon by hatred, and selfish divisions. 

Mat 12: 25 Jesus knew their thoughts, and said unto them. 
Every kingdom divided against itself, is brought to desolation ; 
and every city or house divided against itself, shall not stand. 
26 And if Satan cast out Satan, he is divided against himself; 
how shall then his kingdom stand ? 

Bom. 16: 17 I beseech you, brethren, mark them which 
cause divisions and offences, contrary to the doctrine which 
ye have learned; and avoid them. 18 For they that are 
such serve not our Lord Jesus Christ, but their own belly ; 
and by good words and fair speeches deceive the hearts of the 
simple. 

1 Cor. 1: 11 It hath been declared unto me of you, my 
brethren, by them which are of the house of Chloe, that there 
are contentions among you. 12 Now this I say, that every 
one of you saith, I am of Paul ; and I of ApoUos ; and I of 
Cephas; and I of Christ 13 Is Christ divided?— 3: 3 Ye 
are yet carnal : for whereas ther^ is among you envying, and 
strife, and divisions, are ye not carnal, and walk as men ? 4 
For while one saith, I am of Paul ; and another, I am of 
ApoUos ; are ye not carnal? — 12: 24 Our comely parts have 
no need: but God hath tempered the body togetlier, having 
98 



CHURCH UNITY, BTC. 115, 116 



limits of onion — Church root and branches. 



^ven more abundant honor to that part which hicked : 25 
That there should be no schism in the body ; but that the mem- 
bers should have the same care one for another. 26 And 
"Whether one member suffer, aU the members suffer with it ; or 
One member be honored, all the members rejoice with it. 27 
Now ye are the body of Christ, and members in particular. 

Gal. 5: 15 If ye bite and devour one another, take heed 
th^t ye be not consumed one of another. 

1 Jn. 3: 14 He that loveth not his brother, abideth in death. 
15 Whosoever hateth his brother, is a murderer: and ye know 
that no murderer hath etenial life abiding in him. — 4: 20 If a 
man say, I love God, and hateth his brother, he is a liar. For 
he that loveth not his brother, whom he hath seen, how can he 
love God, whom he hath not seen ? 

Jude 18 They told you there should be mockers in the last 
tune, who should walk after their own ungodly lusts. 19 These 
be they who separate themselves, sensual, having not the Spirit. 

[See 111.] 

115. Churdi vru'ty and ftUowship not to he extended to unbelievers. 

luik, 12: 51 Suppose ye that I am come to give peace on 
earth ? I tell you, Nay ; but rather division. 

2 Cor. 6: 14 Be ye not unequally yoked together with un- 
believers: for what fellowship hath righteousness with un- 
righteousness ? and what communion hath light with darkness ? 
15 And what concord hath Christ with Belial ? or what part 
hath he that beheveth with an infidel? 16 And what agree- 
ment hath the temple of God with idols ? for ye are the tem- 
ple of the living God ; as God hath said, I will dwell in them, 
and walk in theni ; and I will be their God, and they shall be 
my people. 17 Wherefore come out from among them, and 
be ye separate, saith the Lord, and touch not the unclean 
thing; and I will receive you; 18 And will be a Father 
mito you, and ye shall be my sons and daughters, saith the 
Lord Almighty. 

Rev. 18: 4 I heard another voice from heaven, saying. Come 
out of her, my people, that ye be not partakers of her sins, 
and that ye receive not of her plagues. [See 112, 122, 177.] 

116. Christian churches, branches of tlie Ahrahamic church. 

Rom. 11: 16 If the first fruit he holy, the lump is also holy: 
and if the root he holy, so are the branches. 17 And if some 
of the branches be broken off, and thou, being a wild olive- 
tree, wert graffed in among them, and with them partakest of 
the root and fatness of the olive-tree ; 18 Boast not against 
the branches. But if thou boast, thou bearest not the root, but 



117, 118 0HT7BCH ABHAHAMIC. 

Abraham ic Covenant. 



the root tliee. 19 Thou wilt say then, The branches were 
broken off, that I might be grafted in. 20 Well ; because of 
unbelief they were broken off, and thou standest by faith. Be 
not high-minded, but fear: 21 For if God spared not the 
natural branrlies, take hoed lest he also 8])are not thee. 23 And 
they also, if lliey abide not still in unbelief, shall begraffedin: 
for God is able to graft' them in again. 24 For if thou wert 
cut out of I lie olive-tree which is wild by nature, and wert 
gnifted contrary to nature into a good olive-tree ; how much 
more shall tliese, which be the natural branches^ be grafted into 
their own olive-tnie? 

Gal. iV. 7 Know y(j therefore, that they which are of faith, 
the same are the children of Abraham. 8 And the scripture, 
foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through faith, 
preached Ix^fore tlie gospel unto Abraham, saying^ In theo 
shall all nations be l>lcssed. 9 So then they which be of faith 
are blessed witii faithful Abraliam. [Rom. 4: 11 — 25. Act 
7: 38. Ep. 2: 12.] 

CHURCH ABRAHAJSUC. 

117. God's covenant with fJie Ahrahamic church, 

Mic. 7: 20 Thou wilt perform the truth to Jacob, and the 
mercy to Abraham, which thou liast sworn unto our fathers 
from the days of old. 

Gal. 3: 9 They which be of faith are blessed with faithful 
Abraham. 14 Thfit the blessing of Abraham might come on 
the Gentiles through Jesus Christ ; that we might receive the 
promise of the Si)irit through iaith. 15 Brethren, I speak 
after the manner of men ; Though it he but a man's covenant, 
yet if it I>e conlirnied, no man disannuUcth or addeth thereto. 
1 G Now to Abraham and his seed wore 4lie promises made, 
lie saith not, And to r^ec^ds, Jis of many; but as of one. And 
to thy seed, whicli is Christ. 17 And this I say, That the 
covenant that was coMiirmed before of God in Christ, the law, 
which was four hundjod and thirty yeai*s after, cannot disannul, 
that it should make the promise of none effect. 18 For if the 
inheritance be of the law, it is no more of promise : but Grod 
gave it to A])raham by promise. 29 And if ye be Christ's, 
then are ye Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the 
promise. 

118. GotVs cocenant with the Ahrahamic church involves true religion, 

Ex. 19: 5 If ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my 
covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above 
all people. 
100 



OHUBOH ABBAHAMIC. 11^9 120 

Ciroumcidon — Coronont Blessings for Children. 

Lev. 26: 41 If then their undrcumcised hearts be hambled, 
ttd thej then accept of the punishment of their iniquity: 
42 Then will I remember my covenant with Jacob, and also 
mj covenant with Isaac, and also my covenant with Abraham 
will I remember ; and I will remember the land. 

1 K. 8: 23 He said, Lord God of Israel, there is no God 
like thee, in heaven above, or on earth beneath, who keepest 
covenant and mercy with thy servants that walk before thee 
with all their heart. 

Ps. 78: 10 They kept not the covenant of Grod, and refused 
to walk in his law. 

Hom. 2: 28 He is not a Jew, which is one outwardly ; nei- 
ther is thai circumcision, which is outward in the flesh : 29 
But he is a Jew which is one inwardly ; and circumcision is 
thai of the heart, in the spirit, and not in the letter ; whose 
praise is not of men, but of God. 

Gral. 3: 9 So then they which be of faith are blessed with 
£sdthful Abraham. 29 And if ye ^ Christ's, then are ye 
Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the promise. 

[See 502.] 

119. Ciracmcision, the seal of the Ahrahamic Covenant, 

Glen. 17: 10 This is mj covenant, which ye shall keep, 
between me and you, and thy seed after thee ; every man* 
child among you shall be circumcised. 11 And ye shall cir- 
cumcise the flesh of your foreskin ; and it shall be a token of 
the covenant betwixt me and you. 12 And he that is eight 
days eld shall be circumcised among you, every man-child in 
your generations, he that is bom in the house, or bought with 
money of any stranger which is not of thy seed. 13 He that 
is bom in thy house, and he that is bought with thy money, 
mast needs be circumcised : and my covenant shall be in your 
flesh for an everlasting covenant. ^ 

Bom. 4: 11 He received the sign of drQumcision, a seal of 
the righteousness of the faith which he had yet being uncir- 
cumcised : that he might be the father of all them that believe, 
though they be not circumcised, that righteousness might be 
imputed unto them also. 

120. Did the Ahrahamic covenant include Uessings for the posterity of 
believers f 

Gren. 17: 7 I will establish my covenant between me and 
thee, and thy seed after thee, in their generations, for an ever- 
lasting covenant ; to be a God unto thee, and to thy seed after 
thee. 19 And God said, Sarah thy wife shall bear thee a son 

9* \0\ 



121, 122 COMPANIONS. 



Good and Bod. 



indeed; and thou shalt call his name Isaac: and I will estab- 
lish my covenant with him for an everlasting covenant, and 
with his seed after him. — 2G: 24 The Lord appeared unto 
him the same night, and said, I am the God of Abraham thy 
father : fear not, for I am with thee, and will bless thee, and 
multiply thy seed, for my servjint Abraham's sake. 

Dt. 30: 19 Choose life, that both thou and thy seed may 
live. 

2 K. 13: 23 The Lord was gracious unto them, and had 
compassion on tliem, and had respect unto them, because of 
his covcnjint witli Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and would not 
destroy them, neither cast he them from his presence as yet 

Ps. 103: 17 The mercy of the Lord is from everlasting to 
everlasting upon them that fear him, and his righteousness unto 
children's children ; 18 To such as keep his covenant, and to 
those tliat remember his commandments to do them. 

Is. 59: 21 As for me, this is my covenant with thena, saith 
the Lord ; My Spirit that is upon thee, and my words 
which I have put in thy mouth, shall not depart out of thy 
mouth, nor out of the mouth of thy seed, nor out of the 
mouth of thy seed's seed, saith the Lord, from henceforth and 
for ever. 

Ac 2: 39 The promise is unto you and to your children. 
Gen. 2G: 24. [See 496.] 

121. T/ie covenant between God and the Abrahamic church permanent. 

Rom. 15:8 Jesus Christ was a minister of the circumcision 
for the truth of God, to confirm the promises made unto the 
fathers. 

Gal. 3: 17 This I say, That the covenant that was con- 
firmed before of God in Christ, the law, which was four hun- 
dred and thirty years after, cannot disannul, that it should 
make the promise of none effect. 29 If ye he Christ's, then 
are ye Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the promise. 

COMPANIONS. 

122. Good companions to be chosen — hid to be avoided. 

Ex. 34: 12 Take heed to thyself, lest thou make a covenant 
with the inhabitants of the land whither thou goest, lest it be 
for a snare in the midst of thee. 

Ps. 1: 1 Blessed is the man that walketh not in the counsel 

of the ungodly, nor standeth in the way of sinners, nor sitteth 

in the seat of the scornful. — 26: 4 I have not sat with vain 

persons, neither will I go in with dissemblers. 5 I have hated 

102 



OOKPAHIONS. M2 



Good and Bad. 



the congregation of evil doers ; and will not sit with tlio 
"Wicked. — 101: 7 He that worketh deceit shall not dwell within 
mj house : he that telleth lies shall not tarry in my sight. — 
119: 115 Depart from me, ye evil-doers: for I will keep the 
commandments of my God. — 139: 19 Surely thou wilt slay 
the wicked, O God : depart from me, therefore, ye bloody 
men. 

Pr. 1: 10 My son, if sinners entice thee, consent thou not. 
11 If they say, Come with us, let us lay wait for blood, let us 
lurk privily for the innocent without cause : 12 Let us swal- 
low them up alive as the grave ; and whole, as those that go 
down into the pit : 13 We shall find all precious substance, 
we shall fill our houses with spoil : 14 Cast in thy lot among 
us ; let us all have one purse : 15 My son walk not thou in 
the way with them ; refrahi thy foot from their ])ath : IG For 
their feet run to evil, and make haste to shed blood : 18 And 
they lay wait for their own blood ; they lurk privily for their 
ovm lives. — 4: 14 Enter not into the path of the wicked, and 
go not in the way of evil meti, 1 5 Avoid it, pass not by it, 
turn from it, and pass away. 1 6 For they sleep not, except 
they have done mischief; and their sleep is taken away, unless 
they cause some to fall. 17 For they eat the bread of wicked- 
ness, and drink the wine of violence. — 7: 24 Hearken unto 
me now therefore, O ye children, and attend to the words of 
my mouth. 25 Let not thine heart dechne to her ways, go 
not astray in her paths. 26 For she hath cast down many 
wounded : yea, many strong men have been slain by her. 27 
Her house is the way to hell, going down to the chambers of 
death. — 12: 11 He that folio weth vain persons is void of un- 
derstanding. — 13: 20 He that walketh with wise men shall be 
wise: but a companion of fools shall be destroyed. — 14: 7 
Gk) from the presence of a foolish man when thou perceivest 
not in him the lips of knowledge. — 22: 24 Make no friendship 
with an angry man ; and with a furious man thou shalt not 
go : 25 Lest thou learn his ways, an& get a snare to thy soul. 
— 24: 1 Be not thou envious against evil men, neither desire 
to be with them : 2 For their heart studieth destruction, and 
their lips talk of mischief. 21 My son, fear thou the Lord 
and the king : and meddle not with them that are given to 
change. — 28: 7 Whoso keepeth the law is a wise son : but he 
that is a companion of riotous men shameth his father. 19 
He that tilleth his land shall have plenty of bread: but he that 
tblloweth ailer vain joersows shall have poverty enough. — 29: 3 
Whoso loveth wisdom rejoiceth his father: but he that keepeth 
company with harlots spendeth his substance. 



128,124 CONDESCENSION — CONFESSION OF BIN. 

Condescension required — Ihity of Ck>n&88ing sin. 

1 Cor. 15: 33 Evil oommunications corrupt good maimers. 
[See 112, 115.] 

CONDESCENSION. 

123. Condescension required, 

Lk. 14: 13 When thou makest a feast, call the poor, the 
maimed, the lame, the blind ; 14 And thou shalt be blessed: 
for they cannot recompense thee: for thou shalt be recom- 
pensed at the resurrection of the just. 

Jn. 13: 14 If I then, your Lord and Master, have mr ashed 
your feet, ye also ought to wash one another's feet. 

Bom. 12: 16 Be of the same mind one toward another. 
Mind not high things, but condescend to men of low estate. 

[See 61, 228.] 

CONFESSION OF SIN. 

124. Diify and encouragement to confess sin. 

Lev. 26: 40 If they shall confess their iniquity, and the im- 
quity of their fathers, -with their trespass which they trespassed 
against me, and that also they have walked contrary unto me; 
41 And that I also have walked contrary unto them, and have 
brought them into the land of their enemies ; if then their un- 
circumcised hearts be humbled, and they then accept of the 
punishment of their iniquity : 42 Then will I remember my 
covenant with Jacob, and also my covenant with Isaac, and 
also my covenant with Abraham wiU I remember ; and I will 
remember the land. 

Pr. 28: 13 He that covereth his sins shall not prosper: but 
whoso confesseth and forsaketh them shall have mercy. 

Dan. 9: 20 While I was speaking, and praying, and confes- 
sing my sin, and the sin of my people Israel, and presenting 
my supplication before the Lord my God for the holy moun- 
tain of my Grod ; 21 Yea, while I was speaking in prayer, 
even the man Gabriel, whom I had seen in the vision at the 
beginning, being caused to fly swiftly, touched me about the 
time of the evening oblation. 

Hos. 5: 14 I vnll be unto Ephraim as a lion, and as a young 
lion to the house of Judah : I, even I, will tear and go away; I 
will take away, and none shall rescue him. 15 I wiU go and 
return to my place, till they acknowledge their offence, and 
seek my face : in their affliction they will seek me early. 

Jam. 5: 16 Confess your faults one to another, and pray one 
for another, that ye may be healed. 
104 



coNSon&KCE. 125—127 



Bdongs to all — Sometimes scared ; or midnformed. 



1 Jn. 1: 8 If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ouiv 
ves, and the truth is not in us. 9 If we confess our sins, he 
faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from 

unrighteousness. [See 537, 603.] 

CONSCIENCE. 

125. Tlie faculty of conscience Monfjs to all, 

Pr. 20: 27 The spirit of man is the candle of the Lord, 
Searching all the inward parts of the belly. 

Is. 5: 3 O inhabitants of Jerusalem, and men of Judali, 
judge, I pray you, betwixt me and my vineyard. 

Jn. 8: D They which heard it, being convicted by their otni 
conscience, went out one by one. 

Eom. 2: 14 When the Gentiles, which have not the law, do 
by nature the things contained in the law, these having not the 
law, are a law unto themselves. 15 Which show the work of 
the law written in their hearts, their conscience also bearing 
witness, and their thoughts the mean wliile accusing, or else 
excusing one another. 

2 Cor. 4: 2 Have renounced the hidden tilings of dishonesty; 
not walking in craftiness, nor handling the word of God deceit- 
fully ; but, by manifestation of the truth, conmiending ourselves 
to every man's conscience in the sight of God. [See 632.] 

126. A seared and defiled conscience. 

Jer. 6: 15 Were they ashamed when they had committed 
abomination ? nay, they were not at all ashamed, neither could 
they blush. 

Zep. 3: 5 The unjust knoweth no shame. 

1 Cor. 8: 7 Their conscience, being weak, is defiled. Heb. 
9: 14. 

1 Tim. 4: 2 Speaking lies in hypocrisy, having their con- 
science seared with a hot iron. 

Tit. 1: 15 Unto the pure all things are pure: but unto them 
that are defiled and unbelieving is nothing pure; but even their 
mind and conscience is defiled. 

127. Conscience, when misinformed, misleads. 

Jn. 16: 2 The time cometh, that whosoever killeth you, will 
think that he doeth God service. 

Ac. 26: 9 I verily thought with myself, that I ought to do 
many things contrary to the name of Jesus of Nazareth. 10 
Which thing I also did in Jerusalem : and many of the saints 
did I shut up in prison, having received authority from the 

105* 



128—180 CONSCIENCE. 



Will awake — To be obeyed — ConscientiouB feeUngs. 



chief priests ; and when they were put to death, I gave T3aj 
voice against them. 11 And I punished them oft in every 
synagogue, and compelled them to blaspheme ; and being ex- 
ceedingly mad against them, I persecuted them even ud/o 
strange cities. [See 363.] 

128. Conscience will not always deep. 

Gen. 42: 21 They said one to another, "We are verily guilty 
concerning our brother, in that we saw the anguish of his soiJ, 
when he besought us, and we would not hear; therefore is this 
distress come upon us. 

Ex. 9: 27 Pharaoh sent and called for Moses and Aaron, 
and said unto them, I have sinned this time : the Lord it 
righteous, and I and my people are wicked. 

Mat. 22: 1 1 Wlieu the king came in to see the guests, he 
saw there a man which had not on a wedding-garment : 12 
And he saith unto him. Friend, how earnest thou in hither, not 
having a wedding-ganneut ? And he was speechless. 

Kom. 3: 19 Now we know that what things soever the law 
saith, it saith to them who are under the law : that every mouth 
may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before 
God. [See 573(2.)] 

129. Omscience should be enlightmc-d and obfyed. 

Ac 23: 1 Paul, earnestly beholding the council, said^ Men 
and brethren, I have lived in all good conscience before Grod 
until this day. — 24: 16 Herein do I exercise myself, to have 
always a conscience void of offence toward God, and toward 
men. 

Kom. 13: 5 Te must needs be subject, not only for wrath, 
but also for conscience' sake. 

1 Tim. 1: 19 Holding faith and a good conscience; which 
some having put away, concerning faith have made shipwreck. 

Heb. 13: 18 Pray for us : for we trust we have a good con- 
science, in all tilings willing to live honestly. 

1 Pet. 2: 19 This is thankworthy, if a man for conscience 
toward God endure grief, suffering wrongfully. — 3: 16 Hav- 
ing a good conscience ; that, whereas they speak evil of you, 
as of evil doers, they may be ashamed that falsely accuse your 
good conversation in Christ. 

130. Conscientious' fceliiKjs of others to be respected. 

1 Cor. 8: 10 If any man see thee which hast knowledge, sit at 
meat in the idol's temple, shall not the conscience of him which 
is weak be emboldened to eat those things which are offered 
106 



CONSIDERATION. ISl — 132 



CooflcieDoe — Considtoration — Incozurideration. 



^ idols; 11 And through thj knowledge shall the weak 
*>i>other perish, for whom Christ died? 12 But when ye sin 
^o against the brethren, and wound their weak conscience, je 
^in against Christ. 13 Wherefore, if meat make my brother 
to oiTend, I will eat no flesh while the world standeth, lest I 
Uiake my brother to offend. — 10: 27 If any of them that 
l>elieve not bid you to a feast, and ye be disposed to go ; what- 
soever is set before you, eat, asking no question for conscience' 
Sake. 28 But if any man say unto you, This is offered in 
sacrifice unto idols, eat not for his sake that shewed it, and for 
oonscience' sake : for the earth is the Lord's, and the fulness 
"thereof : 29 Conscience, I say, not thine own, but of the 
other : for why is my liberty judged of another mcofCs con- 
edence? 

131. Conscience, the cause of great comfort or sorrow. 

Pr. 14: 14 The backslider in heart shall be filled with his 
own ways : and a good man shall he satisfied from himself. — 
18: 14 The spirit of a man will sustain his infirmity ; but a 
wounded spirit who can bear ? 

2 Cor. 1: 12 Our rejoicing is this, the testimony of our con- 
science, that in simplicity and godly sincerity, not with fleshly 
wisdom, but by the grace of Grod, we have had our conversa- 
tion in the world. [See 573.] 

CONSIDERATION. 

132. Consideratum required — inconsideration reproved. 

Dt 4: 39 Bjiow therefore this day, and consider it in thine 
heart, that the Lord he is God. — 32: 29 Oh that they were 
wise, that they understood this, that they would consider their 
latter end ! 

Job 37: 14 Hearken unto this, O Job : stand stiU, and con- 
sider the wondrous works of God. 

Ps. 28: 5 Because they regard not the works of the Lord, 
nor the operation of his hands, he shall destroy them, and not 
build them up. — 50: 21 These things hast thou done, and I 
kept silence ; thou thoughtest that I was altogether such a one 
as thyself: hU I will reprove thee, and set them in order before 
thine eyes. 22 Now consider this, ye that forget God, lest I 
tear you in pieces, and there be none to deliver. — 111: 4 He 
hath made his wonderful works to be remembered. 

Pr. 4: 26 Ponder the path of thy feet, and let all thy ways 
be established. — 6: 6 Go to the ant, thou sluggard : consider 
hsr waysk aoNl be wise. 

101 



133, 134 CONTENTMENT — COURAGE. 

Daty and Adyantagcs of Contentment — Courage required. 

Ec 7:13 Consider the work of God : for who can mi 
that straight, which he hath made crooked ? 14 In the day c/ 
prosperity be joyful, but in the day of adversity consider. 

Is. 1: 3 Tlie ox knoweth his owner, and the ass his master'^ 
crib : but Israel doth not know, my people doth not consider. 
5: 12 The harp, and the viol, the tabret, and pipe, and wine, 
arc in their feasts : but they regard not the work of the Loed, 
neither consider the operation of his hands. 13 Therefore my 
peo]>le are gone into caj)tivity, because they have no knowledge. 

IIos. 7: 2 They consider not in their hearts, that I remember 
all their wickedness. 

Hag. 1: 5 Thus saith the Lord of hosts; Consider your 
ways. [See 693.] 

CONTENTMENT. 

133. Duty and advantages of contentment. 

Ph. 4: 1 1 Not that I speak in respect of want : for I have 
learned, in whatsoever state I am, therewith to be content. 

1 Tim. 6: 6 Godliness with contentment is great gain. 7 
For we brought nothing into this world, and it is certain we can 
carry nothing out. 8 And having food and raiment, let us be 
tlierewith content. 

Ileb. 13: 5 Let your conversation be without covetousness ; 
and be content with such things as ye have : for he hath said, 
I will never leave thee, nor forsake thee. [See 626.] 

COURAGE. 

134. Courage and resolution required and exemplijied — promises. 

Dt. 31: 6 Be strong and of a good courage, fear not, nor be 
afraid of them : for the Lord thy God, he it is that doth go 
with thee, he will not fail thee, nor forsake thee. 

Josh. 1: 9 Be strong and of a good courage ; be not afraid, 
neither be thou dismayed : for the Lord thy God is with thee 
whithersoever thou goest. 

1 Ch. 28: 20 David said to Solomon his son. Be strong, and 
of good courage, and do it : fear not, nor be dismayed, for the 
Lord God, even my God will be with thee ; he will not fail 
thee, nor forsake thee, until thou hast finished all the work for 
the service of the house of the Lord. 

2 Ch. 19: 11 Deal courageously, and the Lord shall be with 
the good. 

Ezra 10: 2 Shechaniah the son of Jehiel, one of the sons of 
Elam, answered and said unto Ezra, We have trespassed 
108 ■ 



COUBTESY— - GOYETOUSNESe. 135—187 

Goortesy zeqriired — CoTetonsneaa preyalent — forbidden. 

»gainst our God, and have taken strange wives of the people 
of the land : yet now there is hope in Israel concerning this 
'Uiiiig. 3 Now therefore let us make a covenant with our God 
put away all the wives, and such as arc boni of them, 
jcording to the counsel of my lord, and of those that tremble 
the commandment of our God ; and let it be done according to 
the law. 4 Arise ; for this matter helongcth unto thee : we also 
mviU he with thee : be of good courage, and do it, 5 Then ai'oso 
£zra, and made the chief priests, the Levites, and all Israel, to 
jwear that they should do according to this word. 

Neh. 6: 1 1 I said, should such a man as I flee ? and who is 
there, that, being as I am, would go into the temple to save his 
life ? I will not go in. 

Ps. 27: 14 Wait on the Lord : be of good courage, and he 
flhall strengthen thine heart : wait, I say, on the Lord. 

31: 24 Be of good courage, and he shall strengthen your 
heart, aU ye that hope in the Lord. [See 4G0, 461.] 

COURTESY. 

135. Oowrtesy exemplified and required. 

Mat 26: 50 Jesus said unto him, [Judas] Friend, wherefore 
art thou come ? 

Ac. 27: 3 Jujius courteously entreated Paul, and gave him 
liberty to go unto his friends to refresh himself. 

28: 7 In the same quarters were possessions of the chief 
man of the island, whose name was Publius ; who received us, 
and lodged us three days courteously. 

1 Pet. 3: 8 Finally, be ye aH of one mind, having compas- 
sion one of another ; love as brethren, be pitiful, be courteous. 

[See 459.] 

COVETOUSNESS. 

136. Prevalence of covetousness. 

Ph. 2: 21 All seek their own, not the things which are Jesus 
Christ's. [See 689, and « Spurious" in the Index.] 

137. Covetousness forbidden — cautions. 

Ex. 20: 17 Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor's house, thou 
fihalt not covet thy neighbor's wife, nor his man servant, nor 
his maid-servant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that w 
thy neighbor's. 

Pr. 28: 16 The prince that wanteth understanding is also a 
sreat oppressor : but he that hateth covetousness shidl prolong 

%is days. 

10 10^ 



138 COVETOU9NE8S. 



Threatened and punished. 



Lk. 12: 15 He said unto them, Take heed, and beware cf 
oovetousness : for a man's life consisteth not in the abundance 
of the things which he possesseth. 16 And he spake a para- 
ble unto them, saying, The ground of a certain rich man brought 
forth plentifully: 17 And bethought within himself, saying, 
"What shall I do, because I have no room where to bestow my 
fruits ? 18 And he said. This will I do : I will pull down my 
bams, and build greater ; and there will I bestow all mj fruits 
and my goods. 19 And I will say to my soul. Soul, thou hast 
much goods laid up for many years ; take thine ease, eat, drink 
and be merry. 20 But God said unto him, Thou fool, this 
night thy soul shall be required of thee : then whose shall those 
things be which thou hast provided ? 21 So is he that layeth 
up treasure for himself, and is not rich toward God. 

Ep. 5: 3 Fornication, and all uncleanness, or covetousnesSy 
let it not be once named among you, as becometh saints. 

Ph. 2: 4 Look not every man on his own things, but every 
man also on the things of others. 

Col. 3: 5 Mortify therefore your members which are upcm 
the earth; fornication, uncleanness, inordinate afifection, evil 
concupiscence, and covetousness, which is idolatry. 

Heb. 13: 5 Let your conversation he without covetousness ; 
cand he content with such tilings as ye have : for he hath said, 
I will never leave thee, nor forsake thee. [S«e 174, 413.] 

138. Threats and punishment for the covetous. 

Ps. 10: 3 The wicked boasteth of his heart's desire, and 
blesseth the covetous, whom the Lord abhorreth. 

Is. *57: 17 For the iniquity of his covetousness was I wroth, 
and smote him : I hid me, and was wroth, and he went on firow- 
ardly in the way of his heart. 

Mic. 2: 2 They covet fields, and take them by violence ; and 
houses, and take them away : so they oppress a man and his 
house, even a man and his heritage. 3 Therefore thus saith 
the Lord ; Behold, against this family do I devise an evil, 
from which ye shall not remove your necks ; neither shall ye 
go haughtily : for this time is evil. 

Hab. 2: 9 Wo to him that coveteth an evil covetousness to 
his house, that he may set his nest on high, that he may be 
delivered from the power of evil ! 

1 Cor. 5: 11 Now I have written unto you not to keep com- 
pany, if any man that is called a brother be a fornicator, op 
covetous, or an idolater, or a railer, or a drunkard, or an extor- 
tioner : with such an one no not to eat. 
110 



CBBATION. 1399 140 



The effect of dlviao Power. 



6: 10 Nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor re vilers, 

extortioners, shall inherit the kingdom of God. 
Ep. 5: 5 This ye know, that no whoremonger, nor unclean 
rsou, nor covetous man, who is an idolater, hath any inheri- 
ce in the kingdom of Christ and of God. 
Jude 11 Wo unto them ! for they have gone in the way of 
, and ran greedily after the error of Balaam for reward, 
perished in the gainsaying of Core. [See 733.] 

CREATION. 

139. Creation^ the efftct of divine power. 

Gren. 1: 1 In the beginning God created the heaven and the 
earth. 

Neh. 9: 6 Thou, even thou, art Lord alone ; thou hast made 
heaven, the heaven of heavens, with all their host, the earth, 
and all Mngs that are therein, the seas, and all that is therein, 
and thou preservest them all. 

Ps. 33: 6 By the word of the Lord were the heavens 
made ; and all the host of them by the breath of his mouth. 
9 For he spake, and it was done ; he commanded, and it stood 
&st 

Is. 42: 5 Thus saith God the Lord, he that created the 
heavens, and stretched them out; he that spread forth the 
earth, and that which cometh out of it ; he that giveth breath 
unto the people upon it, and spirit to them that walk therein. 

Jn. 1: 1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was 
with Gk)d, and the Word was God. 3 All things were 
made by him ; and without him was not anything made that 
was made. 14 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt 
among us. 

Ep. 3: 9 God, who created all things by Jesus Christ. 

Col. 1: 16 By him were all things created, that are in 
heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether 
they he thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers : all 
things were created by him, and for him. 

Heb. 3: 4 Every house is builded by some man ; but he that 
built all things is Grod. 

Rev. 4: 11 Thou art worthy, O Lord, to receive glory, and 
honor, and power : for thou hast created all things, and for 
thy pleasure they are and were created. 

140. JHffw long toas God in creating the world? 

Gren. 2: 1 Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and 
all the host of them. 2 And on the seventh day God ended 

111 



141 — 143 CREATION — CUSTOM. 

Use of the Stan — Wisdom of Creation — Power of Custom. 

his work which he had made ; and he rested on the seventh 
day from all his work which he had made. 4 These are the 
generations of the heavens and of the earth when they were 
created, in the day that the Lord God made the earth and the 
heavens. 

Ex. 20: 11 In six days the Lord made heaven and earth, 
the sea and all that in them is, 

141. Uiie of ihf lipavenJy bodies^ or^ astronomic divinity. 

Gen. 1: 14 God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of 
the heaven, to divide the day from the night ; and let them be 
for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years. 15 And 
let them be for Yv^ii^ in the finnjunentof the heaven to give 
light u})on the earth : and it was so. 1 G And God made two 
great lights ; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser 
light to rule the night : he made the stai's also. 17 And God 
set them in the lirniament of the heaven to give hght upon the 
earth, 18 And to rule over the day, and over the night, and 
to divide the light from the darkness. 

Jer. 31: «35 Thus saith the Lord, which giveth the sun for 
a light by day, and the ordinances of the moon and of the stars 
for a liglit by night, which divideth the sea when the waves 
thereof roar ; The Lord of hosts is liis name. 

142. TJie irorks o/creation indicate wisdom. 

Ps. 19: 1 The heavens declare the glory of God; and the 
firmament sheweth his handy-work. 2 Day unto day uttcreth 
speech, and night unto night showeth knowledge. — 104: 24 
Lord, how manifold are thy works ! in wisdom hast thou made 
them all : the earth is full of thy riches. 

Pr. 3: 19 The Lord by wisdom hath founded the earth; by 
understanding hath he established the heavens. 20 By his 
knowledge the dc^pths are broken up, and the clouds drop down 
the dew. 

Jer. 10: 12 lie hath made the earth by his power, he hath 
established the world by his wisdom, and hath stretched out 
the heavens by his discretion. [See 222.] 

CUSTOM. 

143. Power of sinful customs. 

Jer. 10: 2 Thus saith the Lord, Learn not the way of the 

heathen, and be not dismayed at the signs of heaven ; for the 

heathen are dismayed at them. 3 For the customs of the 

people are vain. — 13: 23 Can the Ethiopian change his ddn, 

112 



DEATH. 144 — 146 

Death by Sin — all most die — time of appointed. 



ifT the leopard his spots ? then may ye also do good, that are 
^^iCCustomed to do eviL 

Horn. 7: 19 The good that I would, I do not ; but the evil 

rhich I would not, that I do. 20 Now if I do that I would 

lot, it is no more I that do it, but sin that dwelleth in me. 21 

^ find then a law, that when I would do good, evil is present 

"^th me. 23 But I see another law in my members warring 

«igainst the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to 

"toe law of sin which is in my members. 24 O wretched man 

that I "am ! who shall deliver me from the body of this death ? 

[See 166, 507.] 

DEATH. 

144. Deaths the consequence of sin. 

Bom. 5: 12 As by one man sin entered into the world, and 
death by sin ; and so, death passed upon all men, for that all 
have sinned. 17 For if by one man's offence death reigned 
by one ; much more they which receive abundance of grace, 
and of the gift of righteousness, shall reign in life by one, 
Jesus Christ. 

145. AU men must die. 

6en. 3: 19 Dust thou arjty and unto dust shalt thou return. 

Job 16: 22 When a few years are come, then I shall go the 
way whence I shall not return. — 30: 23 I know that thou wilt 
bring me to death, and to the house appointed for all living. 

Ps. 89: 48 What man is he that Uveth, and shall not see 
death ? shall he deliver his soul from the hand, of the grave ? 

Ec. 8: % There is no man that hath power over the spirit to 
retain the spirit : neither hath he power in the day of death : 
and there is no discharge in that war ; neither shall wickedness 
deliver those that are given to it. 

Zech. 1: 5 Your fathers, where are they? and the prophets, 
do they live for ever ? 

Heb. 9: 27 It is appointed unto men once to die, but after 
this the judgment. 

146. The time of our death appointed. 

Job 111 Is there not an appointed time to man upon earth ? 
are not his days also like the days of a hireling ? — 14: 5 Seeing 
his days are determined, the number of his months is with thee, 
thou hast appointed his bounds that he cannot pass ; 6 Turn 
from him, that he may rest, till he shall accomplish, as a 
hireling, his day. 14 AU the days of my appointed time will 
I wait, till my change come. 

10* VA 



147, 148 DEATH. 

Qod's Agency in — Soon approaches. 

147. God yiccth and tahth aiaiy human life. 

Dt. 32: 30 See now that I, even I, am he, and there is no god 
with me : I kill, and I make alive : I wound, and I heal : neither 
is there any that cjm deliver out of my hand. 

1 S. 2: G The Lord killeth, and maketh alive : he bringeth 
down to the grave, and bringeth up. 

Ps. 08: 20 Unto God the Lord belong the issues from death. 

Dan. o: 23 The God in w^hose hand thy breath w, and whose 
are all thy ways, hast thou not glorified. [See 3.] 

148. Shortuf'SS and vanity oflifi. 

Gen 47: 9 Jacob said unto Pharaoh, The days of the years 
of my pilgrimapje are an hundred and thirty years : few and evil 
have the days of the years of my life been. 

1 Ch. 29: 15 We are strangers before thee, and sojourners, 
as toere all our fathers : our days on the earth are as a shadow, 
and there is none abiding. 

Job 8: (We are but of yesterday, and know nothing, be- 
cause our days upon earth are a shadow.) — 9: 25 My days 
are swifter than a post : they flee away, they see no good. 26 
They are passed away as the swift ships j as the eagle that 
hasteth to the prey. — 14: 1 Man that is bom of a woman w 
of few days, and full of trouble. 2 He cometh forth like a 
flower, and is cut down : he fleeth also as a shadow, and con- 
tinueth not. 

Ps. 39: 5 Behold, thou hast made my days as an hand- 
breadth ; and mine age is as nothing before thee : verily every 
man at his best state is altogether vanity. — 90: 10 The days 
of our years are threescore years and ten ; and if by reason of 
strength they be fourscore years, yet is their strength labor and 
sorrow ; for it is soon cut off, and we fly away. — 103: \b As 
for man, his days are as grass : as a flower of the field, so 
he flourisheth. IG For the wind passeth over it, and it is 
gone ; and the place thereof shall know it no more. — 144: 4 
Man is like to vanity : his days are as a shadow that passeth 
away. 

Is. 40: 6 The voice said, Cry. And he said, What shall I 
cry ? All flesh is grass, and all the goodliness tliercof is as the 
flower of the field : 7 The grass withereth, the flower fadeth : 
because the spirit of the Lord bloweth upon it : surely the 
people is grass. — 64: 6 We all do fade as a loaf; and our 
iniquities, like the wind, have taken us away. 

Jam. 4:14 Whereas ye know not what shall be on the morrow. 
For what is your life ? It is even a vapor, that appeareth for 
a little time, and then vanisheth away. 
114 



DEATH. 149 — 151 

Often sadden — Closes intercourse ^ith earth — In old age. 



1 Pet. 1: 24 All flesh is as grass, and all the glory of man 
^ the flower of grass. The grass withereth, and the flower 
^ereipf falleth away. [See 726-7.] 

149. Death often sudden and unexpected, 

1 S. 20: 3 27iere is but a step between me and death. 

Ps. 102: 23 He weakened my strength in the way, he short- 
ened my days. 24 I said, O my God, take me not away in the 
midst of my days. 

£c 9: 12 Man also knoweth not his time : as the flshes that 
are taken in an evil net, and as the birds that are caught in the 
snare ; so are the sons of men snared in an evil time, when it 
Mleth suddenly upon them. [See 385.] 

150. Death doses intercourse icith earth. 

Job 7: 8 The eye of him that hath seen me shall see me no 
•iiore, 9 As the cloud is consumed and vanisheth away : so he 
that goeth down to the grave shall come up no more. 10 He 
shall return no more to his house, neither shall his place know 
him any more. — 14: 7 There is hope of a tree, if it be cut 
down, that it will sprout again, and that the tender branch 
thereof will not cease. 8 Though the root thereof wax old in 
the earth, and the stock thereof die in the ground; 9 Yet 
through the scent of water it will bud, and bring forlli boughs 
like a plant. 10 But man dieth, and wasteth away : yea, man 
giveth up the ghost, and where is he ? 11 As the waters fail 
from the sea, and the flood decay eth and drieth up: 12 So 
man lieth down, and riseth not : till the heavens be no more, 
they shall not awake, nor be raised out of their sleep. 19 
Thou destroyest the hope of man. 20 Thou pre vai lest for ever 
agsunst him, and he passeth : thou changest his countenance, 
and sendest him away. 21 His sons come to honor, and he 
knoweth it not ; and tliey are brought low, but he perceiveth it 
not of them. 

Lk. 16: 27 He said, I pray thee therefore, father, that thou 
wouldest send . him to my father's house : 28 For I have five 
brethren ; that he may testify unto them, lest they also come 
into this place of torment. 29 Abraham saith unto him. They 
have Moses and the prophets ; let them hear them. 

151. ^ laie death, or old age desiraWc. 

Gen. 15: 15 Thou shalt go to thy fathers in peace : thou shalt 
be buried in a good old age. 

Ps. 91: 16 With long life will I satisfy him, and shew him 
my salvation. — 102: 24 I said, O my God, take me not away 

115 



152, 158 DEATH. 

The Boul dies uot — Dtssinible to the righteous. 



in the midst of my days : thy yeai's are thi'oughonfc all gen- 
erations. 

Pr. 3: IG Length of days is in her right hand; and in her 
left hand riches and honor. 

Is. 38: 18 The grave cannot praise thee, death cannot cele- 
brate thee : they that go down into the pit camiot hope for thy 
truth. 19 The living, the living, he shall praise thee, 2^1 do 
this day : the father to the children shall make known thy truth. 

152. iMith dirs not destroy ^ or hold tlui soid in slumber. 

Ec. 3: 21 AVho knoweth the spirit of man that goeth upward, 
and the sjnrit of the beast that goeth downward to the earth ?— 
12: 7 Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was : and the 
spirit shall return unto God who gave it. 

Mat. 22: 32 I am the God of Abraham, and the God of 
Isaac, and the God of Jacob. God is not the God of the dead, 
but of the living. 

Lk. 10: 22 It came to pass, that the beggar died, and was 
carried by the angels into Abraham's bosom. The rich man 
also died, and wtis buried : 23 And in hell he lifted up his eyes, 
being in torments, and seeth Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in 
his bosom. — 23: 43 Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto 
thee. To-day shalt thou be >vith me in paradise. 

Ac. 7: 51) They stoned Stephen, calling upon Gody and say 
ing. Lord Jesus, receive my spirit 

2 Cor. 5: 8 We are confident, Isai/, and willing rather to be 
absent from the botly, and to be present with the Lord. 

Ph. 1: 23 1 am in a strait betwixt two, having a desire to 
dej)art, and to be with Christ ; which is far better. 

Heb. 12: 23 The spirits of just men made perfect. 

Rev. 0: 9 When he had opened the fifth seal, I saw under 
the altar the souls of them that were slain for the word of Grod, 
and for the testimony wliich they held. [See 422.] 

153. Death desirable to the ri(/hteous — Jcar (>/] overcome. 

Job 3: 17 There the wicked ceiis.e from troubling; and there 
the weary be at rest. 18 There the prisoners rest together ; 
they hear not the voice of the oppressor. — 7: 16 I would not 
live alway. 

Ps. 23: 4 Though I walk through the valley of the shadow 
of death, I will fear no evil : for thou art with me ; thy rod and 
thy staft* they comfort me. — 31: 5 Into thine hand I commit 
my spirit : thou hast redeemed me, O Lord God of truth. — 
87: 37 Mark the perfect fiian, and behold the upright: for the 
end of i/mt man is peace. — 1 16: 15 Precious in the sight of the 
Lord is the death of his saints. 
116 . 



DEATH. 154, Ibi) 

W^dng for — Dreadful to the wicked. 

Pr. 14: 32 The wicked is driven away in his wickedness : but 
ft* righteous hath hope in his death. 

Is. 57: 1 The righteous perisheth, and no man hiyeth tt to 

•'^^art : and merciful men are taken away, none considering that 

^iie righteous is taken away from the evil to come. 2 He shall 

^^ter into peace : they shall rest in their beds, each one walking 

*» his uprightness. 

J Cor. 3: 22 Or life, or death, or things present, or things to 

^3ome; all are yours. — 15: 54 So when this corruptible sliall 

^lave put on incorruption, and this mortal shall liave put on 

immortality, then shall be brought to pass the saying that is 

written, Death is swallowed up in victory. 55 O death, where 

is thy sting? O grave, where is thy victory? 50 The sting 

of death is sin, and the strength of sin is the law. 57 But 

thanks be to Grod, which giveth us the victory, through our 

Lord Jesus Christ. 

2 Cor. 5: 1 AVe know that if our earthly house of this taber- 
nacle were dissolved, we have a building of God, an house not 
made with hands, eternal in the heavens. 8 We are confident, 
Itayy and willing rather to be absent from the body, and to be 
present with the Lord. 

Ph. 1: 21 To me to live is Christ, and to die is gain. 
Eev. 14: 13 I heard a voice from heaven saying unto me, 
Write, Blessed are the dead which die in the Loi-d from hence- 
forth: Yea, saith the Spirit, tliat they may rest from their 
labors ; and their works do follow them. 

154. Patient vyiitirg ft/r death. 

Job 14: 14 If a man die, shall he live again ? all the days of 
my appointed time will I wait, till my change come. 

Lam. 3: 20 It is good that a man should both hope and 
quietly wait for the salvation of the Lord. 

Ph. 1: 23 I am in a strait betwixt two, having a desire to 
depart, and to be with Christ ; which is far better: 24 Never- 
theless, to abide in the flesh is more needful for you. 25 And 
having this confidence, I know that I shall abide and continue 
with you all for your furtherance and joy of faith. [See 498.] 

155. Death drfodful to Uie wicked. 

Job 27: 19 The rich man shall lie down, but he shall not 
be gathered : he openeth his eyes, and he is not. 20 Terrors 
take hold on him as waters, a tempest stealeth him away in 
the night. 21 The east wind carrieth him away, and he 
departeth : and as a storm hurleth him out of his place. 22 
For God shall cast upon him, and not spare : he would fain floe 
out of his hand. 

va 



156 DSATB. 

Preparation tar. 



Lk. 12: 20 God said unto him, Thou fool, this night thy soul 
shall be required of thee : then whose shall those things be 
which thou hast proWded? 

Heb. 10: 31 i^ is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the 
living Grod. [See 5 64. J 

156. Prejxiratipn for death required and eocemplified. 

Ps. 90: 12 So teach us to number our days, that we may- 
apply our hearts unto wisdom. 

Ec. 9: 10 ANTiatsoever thy hand findeth to do, do it with thy 
might ; for there is no work, nor device, nor knowledge, nosr 
wisdom, in the grave, whither thou goest. 

Mat. 21: 44 Be ye also ready: for in such an hour as ye 
think not, the Son of man cometh. 

Lk. 1 2: 35 Let your loins be girded about, and your lights 
burning; 3G And ye yourselves like unto men that wait for 
their lord, when he wiU return from the wedding ; that, when 
he cometh and knocketh, they may open unto him immediately. 
37 Blessed are those servants, whom the lord when he cometh 
shall find watching. 

1 Cor. 1: 7 So that ye come behind in no gift; waiting for 
the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ : 8 Who shall also con- 
firm you unto the end, that ye may be blameless in the day ci 
our Lord Jesus Christ. 

2 Cor. 4: 18 While we look not at the things which are 
seen, but at the things which are not seen: for thf^ things 
which are seen are temporal ; but the things which are not 
seen are eternal. 

Ph. 3: 20 Our conversation is in heaven ; from whence also 
we look for the Saviour. 

Tit. 2: 11 The grace of God that bringeth salvation hath 
appeared to all men, 12 Teaching us, that denying ungodli- 
ness, and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, ai^d 
godly, in this present world; 13 Looking for that blessed 
hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our 
Saviour Jesus Christ 

1 Pet. 4: 7 The end of all things is at hand : be ye therefore 
sober, and watch unto prayer. 

2 Pet. 3: 11 Seeing then that all these things shall be dis- 
solved, what manner of persons ought ye to be in oZ/ holy con- 
versation and godliness. [See 727.] 

N. B. — For Spiritual Deatli, see 165 ; and, for the Secoiid 
Death, see 563. 
118 



DEPBATITT. 167 — 159 



The iUl and its efBaets — Guilt penonaL 



DEPRAVITY. 

157. Fall of man, and its immediate effects. 

Gfen. 8: 4 The serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall not 
Purely die : 5 For God doth Jmow, that in the day ye eat 
'Uereof, then your eyes shall be opened ; and ye shall be as 
^ods, knowing good and evil. 6 And when the woman saw 
"that the tree was good for food, and that it w(is pleasant to the 
«yes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise ; she took of 
thefruitthereof, anddidcat; and gave also unto her husband 
with her, and he did eat. 14 The Lord God said unto the ser- 
pent, Because thou hast done this, thou ar^ cursed above all cattle, 
and above every beast of the field. 1 6 Unto the woman he said, I 
will greatly multiply thy sorrow and thy conception ; in sorrow 
thou shalt bring forth children : and thy desire shall be to thy 
husband, and he shall rule over thee. 17 And unto Adam he 
said, Because thou hast hearkened unto the voice of thy wife, 
and hast eaten of the tree of which I commanded thee, saying. 
Thou shalt not eat of it : cursed is the ground for thy sake ; in 
sorrow shalt thou eat of it aXL the days of thy life; 18 Thorns 
also and thistles shall it bring forth to thee ; and thou shalt 
eat the herb of the field : 19 In the sweat of thy face shalt 
thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground ; for out of it 
wast thou taken : for dust thou art, and imto dust shalt thou 
return. 

Ec 7: 29 Lo, this only have I found, that Grod hath made 
man upright; but they have sought out many inventions. 

158. Consequences of Adam's /all upon his posterity. 

Bom. 5: 12 As by one man sin entered into the world, and 
death by sin ; and so death passed upon all men, for that all 
have sinned. 18 Therefore as by the offence of one judgment 
came upon all men to condemnation, even so by the righteous- 
ness of one the free gift came upon all men unto justification of 
life. 19 For as by one man's disobedience many were made sin- 
ners, so by the obedience of one. shall many be made righteous. 

1 Cor. 15: 22 As in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall 
all be made alive. 

159 Ill-dfscrl not imputed, without jTcrsonal trausgrrssion. 

Dt. 24: 16 The father shall not be put to death for the 
cnildren, neither shall . the children be but to death for the 
fathers: every man shall be put to death for his own sin. 
[2 K 14: 6.] 



160 — 163 DEPRAVITT. 



_«_ 



Nature of — implies knowledge — is uniTenaL 



Ezk. 18: 2 What mean ye, that ye use this proverb con- 
cerning the land of Israel, saying. The fathers have eaten sour 
grapes, and the children's teeth are set on edge? 20 The 
soul that sinneth, it shall die. The son shall not bear the 
iniquity of the father, neither shall the father bear the iniquity 
of the son : the righteousness- of the righteous shall be upon 
him, and the wickedness of the wicked shall be upon hha, 
[Jer. 31: 29, 30.] 

160. Nature of moral depravity. 

Hos. 10: 1 Israel is an empty vine, he bringeth forth firnit 
onto himself. 

Col. 3: 5 Covetousness, which is idolatry. 

1 Jn. 5: 17 All unrighteousness is sin. [See 689.] 

161. No sin, without law and knowledge, 

Jn. 9: 41 K ye were blind, ye should have no sin. — 15: 22 
If I had not come and spoken unto them, they had not bad 
sin ; but now they have no cloak for their sin. 

Rom. 3: 19 We know that what things soever the law saith, 
it saith to them who are under the law : that every mouth 
may be stopped, and all the world become guilty before God. 
— 4: 15 Where no law is, there is no transgression. — 5: 13 
(For imtil the law, sin was in the world: but sin is not imputed 
when there is no law.) 

Jam. 4: 17 To him that knoweth to do good, and doeth U 
not, to him it is sin. [See 309.] 

162. Depravitijy not founded in mere ignorance, 

Rom. 1: 21 When they knew God they glorified him not as 
God, neither were thankful. [See 690.] 

163. Human depravity universal. 

Gen. 6: 12 God looked upon the earth, and behold, it was 
corrupt : for all flesh had corrupted his way upon the earth. 

Ps. 14: 1 They are corrupt, they have done abominable 
works, there is none that doeth good. 2 The Lord looked 
down fix)m heaven upon the children of men, to see if there 
were any that did understand, and seek God. 3 They are aU 
gone aside, they are all together become filthy : there is none 
that doeth good, no, not one. 

Rom. 3: 9 AVhat then, are we better than tJiey ? No, in no 

wise : for we have before proved both Jews and Gentiles, that 

they are all under sin ; 10 As it is written. There is none 

righteous, no, not one : 1 1 There is none that imderstandethy 

120 



DEPRATITT. 164—165 



NatiTO Depravity — Total Sinfulness br N:iturv. 



^ete is none that seeketh after God. 1 2 They are all gone 
5^t of the way, they are together become unprofitable : there 
^ Hone that doeth good, no, not one. 23 All have sinned, and 
^e short of the glory of God. — 5: 12 As by one man sin 
^Otered into the world, and death by sin ; and so death passed 
^^pon all men, for that all have sinned. 

6aL 3: 21 If there had been a law given which could have 

^Iven life, verily righteousness should have been by the law. 

<2 But the scripture hath concluded all under sin, that the 

promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that 

■^heve. [See 576.] 

164. Native depravity. 

Job. 11: 12 Vain man would be wise, though man be bom 
iike a wild ass's colt. — 14: 4 Who can bring a clean thing out 
of an unclean? not one. — 15: 11 What is man, that he should 
be clean ? and he which is born of a woman, that he should be 
righteous ? 

Ps. 51: 5 Behold I was shapen in iniquity ; and in sin did 
my mother conceive me. — «08: o The wicked are estranged 
from the womb: they go asti-ay as soon as they be bom, 
speaking lies. 

Pr. 22: 15 Foolishness is bound in the heait of a child. 

Is. 48: 8 I knew that thou wouldcst deal veiy treacherously, 
and wast called a transgressor from the womb. 

Jn. 3: 6 That which is bom of the flesh, is flesh ; and that 
which is bom of the Spirit, is spirit. 

Eom. 3: 10 There is none righteous, no not one. 20 There- 
fore by the deeds of the law, there shidl no flesh be justified 
in his sight, 23 For all have sinned, and come short of the 
glory of God. — 5: 12 Death passed upon all men, for that all 
have sinned. 14 Death reigned lix)m Adam to Moses, even 
over them that had not sinned after the similitude of Adam's 
transgression. 

2 Cor. 5: 14 If one died for all, then were all dead. 

Ep. 2: 3 And were by nature the children of wrath, even aa 
others. 

165. Total sinfulness by nature. 

Gren. 6: 5 God saw that the wickedness of man was great 
in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his 
heart was only evil continually. 

Ps. 5: 9 2'here is no faithfulness in their mouth ; their inward 
part is very wickedness ; their throat is an open sepulchre ; 
they fatter with their tongue. 



166 DEPRAVITY. 



Strength of, or moral inability. 



Pr. 21: 4 The ploughing of the wicked is sin. 

Ec. 8: 1 1 Because sentence against an evil work is not exe- 
cuted speedily, therefore the heart of the sons of men is fully 
set in them to do evil. — 0: 3 Tliis is an evil among all things 
that are done under the sun, that iherc is one event unto aJl: 
yea, also the heart of the sons of men is full of evil. 

2 Cor. 5: 1 4 If one died for all, then were all dead. 

Ep. '2: 1 You hath he fjuickened, who were dead in trespasses 
and sins ; 2 AVlierein in time past ye walked according to the 
course of this world, according to the prince of the power of 
the air, the spirit that now workefh in the children of disobe- 
dience : 3 Among whom also we all had our conversation in 
times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the 
flesh and of the mind ; and were by nature the children of 
wrath, even as others. 12 That at that time ye were without 
Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and 
strangers from the cov(»ntuits of promise, having no hope, and 
without God in the world. 

Col. 2: 13 You, being dead in your sins and the uncirciim- 
dsion of your flesh, hath he quickened. 

[See 54G, 589, G88— G90.] 

166. Strewjth and cil)stin(icy of human depravity — Moral inabUUy. 

Gten. 37: 4 When his brethren saw that their father loved 
him more than all his brethren, they hated him, and could not 
speak peaceably unto him. 

Ex. 32: 9 The Lord said unto IVIoses, I have seen this peo- 
ple, and behold, it is a stifl-necked people. [Dt. 9: 6, 13.] 

Jos. 24: 19 Joshua said unto the people, Ye cannot serve 
the Lord : for he is an holy God. 

Pr. 5: 22 His own iniquities shall take the wicked himself, 
and he shall be holden with the cords of his sins. — 27:22 
Though thou shouldest bi*ay a fool in a mortar among wheat 
"ivith a pestle, yet will not his foolishness depart from him. 

Ec. 9: 3 This is an evil among all things that are done un- 
der the sun, that there is one event unto all : yea, also the 
heart of the sons of men is full of evil, and madness is in their 
heart while they live, and after that they go to the dead. 

Is. 48: 4 I knew that thou art obstinate, and thy neck is an 
iron sinew, and thy brow brass. 

Jer. 2: 22 Though thou wash thee with nitre, and take thee 
much soap, yet thint? iniquity is marked before me, saith the 
Lord God. — 3: 5 IJehold, thou hast spoken and done evil 
things as thou couldest. — G: 10 Behold, their car is uncircum- 
cised, and tliey cannot hearken : behold, the word of the Lobd 
122 



DEPRAVITY. 167 



Works of iUirknc.48. 



^ unto them a reproach; they liave no delight in it. — 13: 23 
Oan the Ethiopian cliange his skin, or the leo})ai-d liis spots? 
£^« may yc also do good that are accustonuMl to do evil. — 17: 1 
^llie sin of Judah is written with a pen of iron, and with the 
^int of a diamond : it is graven upon tlie tal)le of their heart, 
"^d upon the horns of your altars. 1) The heart is de- 
ceitful above all things, and desperately wicked: who can 
know it? 

Mat. 7: 18 A good tree cannot bring forth evil fruit, neither 
can a corrupt tree bring forth good fruit. — 1 2: 31 genenition 
of vipers, how can ye, being evil, speak good things ? for out 
of the abundance of the heart, the mouth speaketh. — 17: 17 
Then Jesus answered and said, faithless and perverse gi-n- 
eration, how long shall I be with you ? how long shidl I sulfer 
you? — 23:33 Ye seq)ents, i/e generation of vipers, how can 
ye escape the damnation of hell ? 

Jn. 6: 44 No man can come to me, except the Father which 
hath sent me draw him. G5 And he said, Therefore said I 
unto you, that no man can come unto me, except it were given 
unto him of my Father. 

!Rom. 8: 7 Because the carnal mind is enmity against God : 
for it is not subject to the law of Grod, neither indeed can be. 
8 So then they that are in the liesh cannot please God. 

[See C89, 690, 740.] 

167. Works of darkness described and dcmnniral. 

Job 24: 14 The murderer rising with the light killeth the 
poor and needy, and in the night is na a thief. 15 The eye 
aL?o of the adulterer waiteth ibr tlie twilight, saying. No eye 
shall see me: and disguiselli /f/5 face. 10 In the dark they 
dig through houses, which they had marked for themselves in 
the day-time: they know not the liglit. 17 For the morning 
is to them even as the shadow of d<.'ath : if 07ie know thejn^ 
iheij are in the teiTors of the shadow of death. 

Pr. 7: 6 At the window of my house I looked through my 
cai>ement, 7 And beheld among the simple ones, I discrerned 
among the youths, a young man void of undorstanding, 8 
Passing through the street near her comer ; and he went the 
way to her house, 9 In the twilight, in the evening, in the 
black and dark night. 

Is. 29: 15 Wo unto them that seek deep to hide their coun- 
sel from the Lokd, and their works are in the dark, and they 
say, Who seeth us ? and who knoweth ua ? 

Ezk. 8: 1 2 Then said he unto me. Son of man, hast thou 
seen wliat the ancients of the house of Israel do in the dark, 



165 — 170 DEPRAVITY. 



lU-'rr^z-'j — I i-.-.-;-- • f -1:. — Il-r-.xn Es:t:r« osanutr. 



everv mr»n in iLe cL-i::.'. :r? of Li- imacrorv? for iher sav.TbA 
LocD *<^* :]* i:- I.:-: ; ::. • L'.-ri> lii»:ii liji^iiken ihe earth. 

Ep. .'•: ] I Ilir..- 1. .» :"i lluv. >}jji v,i:L tin.* uui'ruiiful works of 
darkni.ss, i.u: rii:l. -i* ivirove •'/# •.//*. 12 It is a shame even to 
Speak ui" iLo::e iiiiii.:* a\ iii».L are done of them in secret. 

10>. /.•. •' -' r •'■ ■ * '•'■ ^ : > u r •;■•;"■■■■. 

« 4 ■ 

Ex. •": 1-3 AVL-.n P!.iirao}i raw il.at tliere was respite, he 
har«l rr.O'l hi- I. •:;::. — i'J: I'l! ^Varoii said. Let not theanirerof 
my loi'l v.ax '..■.>: : '.l.ou knov.f-: the j>eoi»le, that they arc sd 
on nii-i •!.:'.:'. 'J'j For ti;C'.' ^ii'A i:nto me. Make us jr'3ds wLich 
sl.a"i l: • I '.->'!••:• i..- : for ?>• r'^r rliis Moses, the man that brought 
us u]i out 01 li.e hiiid of Eiry|.:. v.c wot not what is become 
of liim. 

Jud. "2: 7 Til'? pi.M-'T.lo servod :!■»:• Lor.D all the davs of Joshua, 
and all tlie •!::' < of tlie oM-r^ that outlived Jo-hua. who liad 
Been all the Li'-a: work-? of ihe L«jrd. !hat he did for IsraeL 
8 And Joih-.:a :h'.- ^on of Xu:^.. ih*.- servant of the Lord, died. 
10 And al^o all il:ii: lm* •.rat ion wore gathered unto their fa- 
thers: and ih-ji'L' ai'o-i:- aiio:l»»i* g'jneni: ion after them, which 
knew not th«j Lr>i:i>, r;fir v.jt the work- v.iiich he had done for 
Isra'.-l. 1 1 A\A the oliiMrsT. of I-raul did evil in the sijrht of 
the Lord, aTi^l .-'/rved I]aalim. 

Ec. ?5: 11 l>eca">e <tntcnee ai'ainst an evil work is not ex- 
ecutetl speedily, therefore the heart of the sons of men is fullj 
set in them to do evil. 

169. ILiUijn itat'ire csseidialJif tljt same in cul cfjrs 

Pr. 27: 19 As in water face answereth to face, so the heart 
of man to man. 

Mat. 23: ol Wherefore ye be witnesses unto yourselveay 
that ye are the children of them which killed the prophets. 

[See 163.] 

170. Human naturr nntr't-'\t/ — Cautions. 

Ps. 14C: 3 Put not your trust in princes, nor in the son of 
man, in whom t/iere is no help. 4 Ilis breath goeth forth, he 
retumeth to his earth ; in that vent* day his thoughts perish. 

Pr. 2.3: I'J Conlidence in an unfaithful man in time of trouble 
is like a broken tooth, and a font out of joint. — 26: 2G He that 
trust etli in hi> own heart is a i'ixA. 

1>. 2: 22 O-a-e ye. i'voin man. whose breath is in his nostrils: 
for wherf'in i- he !«> ].c ?ifffnni:cd of? 

Jer. 17:."> Thu- -;i:rh iImj Loud; Cursed ^ the man that 
trudtctli in man, and maketli llesh his arm, and whose heart 
121 



DESPONDENCY — DIBCBETION, ETC. 171, 172 

Sesponduncy reprored — Dut)' of discretion. 



yeparteth from the Lord. C For he shall be like tlic heath 
^ the desert, and shall not see when good conieth ; but shall 
^lihabit the parched places in the wilderness, in a salt land and 
^ot inhabited. 

Mic. 7: 5 Trust ye not in a friend, put ye not confidence in 
a guide: keep the doors of thy mouth frx)m her that lieth in 
thy bosom. 

DESPONDENCY. 

171. Despondencff exemplified and reproved, 

Gren. 37: 34 Jacob rent his clothes, and put sackcloth upon 
his loins, and mourned for his son many days. 35 And all his 
sons and all his daughters rose u]) to comfort him ; but he re- 
fused to be comforted ; and lie said, For I will go down into 
the grave unto my son moui-ning. 

Jos. 7: 6 Joshua rent his clothes, and fell to the earth upon 
his face before the ai-k of the Lord until the even-tide, he and 
the elders of Israel, and put dust upon their heads. 7 And 
Joshua said, Alas ! O Lord God, wherefore hast thou at all 
brought this people over Jordan, to deliver us into the hand of 
the Amorites, to destroy us ? 10 And the Lord said unto 
Joshua, Get thee up ; wherefore liest thou thus upon thy face ? 

Ps. 42: 5 Why art thou cast down, O my soul ? and whi/ 
art thou disquieted in me ? hope thou in God : for I shall yet 
praise him /o?' the help of his countenance. 

Pr. 12: 25 Heaviness in the heart of man maketh it stoop. 

Jer. 18: 11 Thus saith the Lord ; Behold, I frame evil 
against you, and devise a device against you : return ye now 
every one fi*om his evil way, and make your ways and your 
doings good. 12 And they said, There is no hope : but we 
will walk after our own devices, and we will every one do the 
imagination of liis evil heart 

ISlsLt. 27: 5 He cast down the pieces of silver in the temple, 
and departed, and went and hanged himself. [See 24, 700.] 

DISCRETION — PRUDENCE — ECONOMY. 

172. Duti/ and adoantage of discretion^ etc. 

Pr. 2: 11 Discretion shall preserve thee, understanding shall 
keep thee : 12 To deliver thee from the way of the evil man^ 
from the man that speaketh fro ward things. — 3: 21 My son, 
let not them depart from tliine eyes : keep soimd wisdom and 
discretion : 22 So shall they be life mito thy soul, and grace 
to thy neck. 23 Then shalt thou walk in thy way safely, and 

11» Vih 



173, 174 DRESS — ENVY. 



IMain U:v.- ; — Jliivv to he uvoi led. 



thy foot shall not slinnble. — 8: 1'2 I Wisdom dwell with pru- 
dence, and lind out knowledL^'i of witty inventions. — 11:22 
jAs u i<'wel ol" •J'l'l ill 11 swiiHj's snout, *'o is n fair woman which . 
is witliout iliscretion. — 12: 10 A fool's wrath is presently - 

known: but a prudent mftn covereth shame. — 19: 11 Thedis 

cretion ol" a man deferreth his anger; and 2^ i> his glory to«z 
pass over a traiis^rn'ssioii. 

Jn. (I: 12 When they wctc lilled, he said unto his disciples^ '^ 
Gather up the fragments that remain, tliat nothing be lost. 

DRESS. 

173. Phin ifnss ncmnmnnhd. 

1 Tim. 2: 9 In like manner also, that >vomen adorn them— 
selves in niod(»st ap]>arel, with sliamefacedness and sobriety^ 
not with l)r()i(l(M'cd hair, or ^old, or j)earls, or costly array, ICT 
But (which beconieth women i)rofessing godliness) with goodL 
works. 

1 Pet. ": 3 Whose adorning let it not be that outward 
adorniiHf of ])laiiing the liair, and of wearing of gold, or of 
putting on of a;)i)arel; 1: r»ut let it be. the hidden man of the 
heart, in that which is not corruptible, even the ommnent of a 
meek and quiet spirit, whicli is in the sight of God of great 
price. T) i^'or after this manner in tlie old time the holy women 
also, wdio trusted in God, adorned themselves, being in sub- 
jection unto their own husbands. 

ENVY. 

174. Em'U a comiuon and fttfflish sin — prohVntions. 

Gen. 30: 1 Wlien Rachel saw that she bare Jacob no chil- 
dren, Racliel envied her sister ; and said unto Jacob, Give me 
children, or else I die. 

Job iv. 2 Wrath killeth the foolish man, and envy slayetU 
♦he silly one. 

Ps. o7: 1 Fret not thyself because of evil doers, neither be 
thou envious against the workei^s of iniquity. — lOG: IG They 
envied Moses also in the camp, and Aai*on the sfiint of the 
Lord. 

Pr. 3: 31 Envy thou not the o]>pressor, and choose none of 
his w^ays. — 14:30 A sound heart ?.s the life of the flesh, but 
envy the ix)ttenness of the bones. — 23: 17 Let not thy heart 
envy sinners. — 21: 1 Be not thou envious against evil men, 
neither desire to be with them : 2 For their heart studieth 
destruction, and their hps talk of mischief. 19 Fret not thy- 
12^ 



ERROR. 176 

■ ■ ' ■ ■ ■ I ■ ■ ■■■■■■ ■ ^^^M^^^^^^^M^^^^^^^^^— ^^a 

PrcTnlt-nt aud destmctiTO. 



^^If because of evil men, neitlicr be thou envious at the wicked; 
20 For there sliall be no reward to the evil mmi; tlie candle 
of the wicked shall be put out. — '11 \ \ Wrath ?> cniel, ami 
anger is outrageous ; but who is able to stand beibre envy ? 

Ec. 4: 4 Again, I considei*ed all travju'J , and every right 
work, that for this a man is envied of his iieighbor. 

Mat. 27: 17 Whom will ye that I relejiseunto you? Barab- 
bas, or Jesus, which is called Christ ? 18 (For he knew that 
for envy they had delivered him.) 

Ac. 7: 9 The jiatriarchs, moved with envy, sold Joseph into 
Egypt. — 13: 45 When the Jews snw the multitudes, they were 
filled with envy, and spake against those things which were 
Bpoken by Paul, contradicting and blaspheming. — 17:5 The 
Jews which believed not, moved with envy, took unto them 
certain lewd fellows of the b:iser sort, and gathered a company, 
and set all the city on an nju'oar, and a^^saulted the house of 
Jason, and sought to bring them out to the people. 

Rom. 13: 13 Let us walk honestly, a«? in the day : not in riot- 
ing and drunkenness, not in chambering and wiuitonness, not 
in strife and envying. 

Tit. 3: 3 We ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobe- 
dient, deceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures, living in 
malice and envy, hateful, and hating one another. 

Jam. 3: 14 If ye have bitter envying and strife in your 
hearts, glory not, and lie not against the truth. 15 This wis- 
dom deseendeth not from above, but is earthly, sensual, devil- 
ish. IG For where envying and strife is, there is confusion 
and eveiy evil work. 

1 Pet. 2: 1 Laying aside all malice, and all guile, and hy- 
pocrisies, and envies, and all evil-speakings, 2 As new-bom 
babes, desire the sincere milk of the word, that ye may grow 
thereby. [See 137.] 

ERROR. 
175. Error prerxilent, rorrvpting ami ruinous. 

Ps. 19: 12 Who can imderstand /iw errors ? cleanse thou me 
from secret faults. 

Pr. 19: 27 Cease, my son, to hear the instruction that caiiseth 
Ui err from the words of knowledge. 

Ec. 7: 29 Lo, this only have I found, that God hath made 
^an upright ; but they have' sought out many inventions. 

Mat. 1(J: 12 Then understood they how that he bade t/iem 
^ot beware of the leaven of bread, but of the doctiine of the 
Pharisees and of the Sadducees. 



I76y 177 ERROR. 

Tries mankind — I'2rrori9ts to be avoided. 



1 Cor. 15: 33 Be not deceived : Evil commimications corrupt 
good manners. 

Gel. 1: 6 I maiTel that ye are so soon removed from him 
that called you into the grace of Christ, unto another gospel : 
7 Which is not another ; but there be some that trouble you, 
and would pervert the gospel of Christ. — 5: 9 A little leaven 
leaveneth the whole lump. 

2 Th. 2: 11 For this cause God shall send them strong de- 
lusion, that tliey sliould believe a lie : 12 That they all might 
be damned who believed not the truth, but had pleasure in 
unrighteousness. 

2 Tim. 2: IG Shun pi-ofmie and vain babblings: for they 
will incrctose unto more ungodliness. 17 And tlieir word will 
eat as doth a ciuiker ; of whom is Ilymeneus and Philetus; 
18 Who concerning the tnith have erred, saying that the resur- 
rection is past already, and overthrow the faith of some. 

Jam. o: 20 Let him know, that he which convertetli the 
sinner from the error of his way shall save a soul from death, 
and shall hide a multitude of sins. 

2 Pet. 2: 1 There were false i)roj)hets also among the peo- 
ple, even a^ there shall be false teachers among you, who priv- 
ily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord 
that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destiniction. 
— 3: 17 Ye therefore, beloved, seeing ye know t/tese things be- 
fore, beware lest ye jdso, being led away with the error of the 
wicked, fall from your own steadfastness. [See 183, 477.] 

176. Ilirrsies and errors (h sujmd and adapted to tnj mankind. 

1 Cor. 11: 19 There must be also heresies among you, that 
they which are approved may be made manifest among you. 
[See 243.] 

177. FeUowship with crrorists to he avoided. 

Gid. 1: 8 Though we, or an angel from heaven, preach any 
other gospel unto you than that which we have preached unto 
you, let him be accursed. 9 As we said before, so say I now 
again. If any ma7i preach any other gospel unto you than that 
ye have received, let him be accursed. 

1 Tim. 6: 5 Perverse disputings of men of coiTupt minds, 
and destitute of the truth, supposing that gain is godliness : 
firam such withdraw thyself. 

Tit. 3: 10 A man that is a heretic, after the first and second 
admonition, reject ; 1 1 Knowing that he that is such, is sub- 
verted, and sinneth, being condemned of himself. 

[See 112, 115, 477.] 
128 



EXAMPLE — EXTRAVAGANCE. 178 180 

Example, good, required and to be folio wud — Extravagance dnftiL 

EX.UIPLE. 

178. Good exajnplts required. 

Mat. 5: 16 Let your light so sliiiie before men, that they 
may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in 
heaven. 

Col. 4: "Walk in wisdom toward them that are without, re- 
deeming the thne. 

1 Tim. 4: 1 2 Let no man despise thy youth ; but be thou an 
example of the believers, in word, in conversation, in charity, 
in spirit, in faith, in purity. 

Tit 2: 7 In all things shewing thyself a pattern of good 
works : in doctrine shewinr/ uncorruptness, gravity, sincerity, 
8 Sound speech that cannot be condemned ; that he that is of 
the contrary part may be ashamed, having no evil thing to say 
of you. 

179. Good examples to be followed — had, to l-e avoid* d. 

Ex. 23: 2 Thou shalt not follow a multitude to do evil. 

Mat. 23: 3 All therefore whatsoever they bid you observe, 
that observe and do ; but do not ye after their works : for they 
say, and do not. 

1 Cor. 11: 1 Be ye followers of me, even as I also am of 
Christ. 

Ph. 3: 17 Brethren, be followers together of me, and mark 
them which walk so as ye have us for an ensample. 

Heb. (>: 12 That ye be not slothful, but followers of them 
who through ihilh and patience inherit the promises. — 13: 7 
Remember them which have the rule over you, who have 
spoken unto you tlie word of God : whose faith follow, consid- 
ering the end of their conversation. 

Jam. 5: 10 Take, my brethren, the prophets, who have spoken 
in the name of the Lord, ibr an example of suflering afiliction 
and of patience. 

1 Pet. 2: 21 For even hereunto were ye called: because 
Christ also suffered for us, leaving us an example, that ye should 
follow his steps. 

3 Jn. 11 Beloved, follow not that which is evil, but that 
which is good. 

EXTKA VA GA]SXE — PRODIGALITY. 

180. Kxtravatjauce and prodifjalitt/ sinful — Examples. 

1 K. 11: 1 King Solomon loved many strange women, to- 
gether with the daughter of Pharaoh, women of the MoabiteSp 

129 



181,182 



yahm of — counted for righteoiunen. 



Ammonites, Edomites, Zidoniaos, and Hittites: 3 He had 
seven hundred wives, princesses, and three hmidred concubines : 
and his wives turned away his heart. 

Ec. 2: 10 Whatsoever mine ejes desired I kept not finom 
them, I withheLl not mv heart from any joy. 

Lk. 1 .>: 1 o ]>^ot many days after, the younger son gathered 
all tu;reiher, an J toi»k hi.« journey into a far country, and there 
wa-lt.'l his su])stiiri«'e Avitli riotous living. 17 And when he 
ciuim uj hiiiiH 1:', li_' . iii^l. How manv hired servants of niv 
liiih'jr'.s Lave bivad oiii/jgh and to spaix?, and I peris^h with 
hung.Tl IK I will lai-e aii<l ^ro to my father, and will say 
unto Jiiin. l':i.}:. :•. 1 have .-ii.iiJ.J jigain>t heaven, and befure 
thee. — 10: l!) Tl.-.-rc wa< ii certain rich man, which w:« 
clothed in ]iiir]»]i' ai:'.l liiie liiiv.n and fared sumptuously eveiy 
day: 22 Thi'riclimnn also died, and was buiied: 23 And in hell 
he lifted up his eye:?, being in torments. [See 173, 199, 625.] 

FAITH. 

181. Xatme of tninfalllt. 

Eom. 10: 9 If thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord 
Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised 
him from the dead, thou shalt be saved. 10 For with the 
heart, man believeth unto righteousness ; and with the mouth, 
confession is made unto salvation. 

lleb. 11: 1 Faith is the substance of things hoped for, and 
the evidence of things not seen. 

182. Faith amuttidfor rujliteov.smss. 

Rom. 4: 3 What saith the scripture ? Abraham believed 
Gkni, and it was counted unto him for righteousness. 4 Now 
to him that worketh, is the reward not reckoned of grace, but 
of debt, T) But to him that worketh not, but believeth on him 
that jiistifieth the imgodly, his faith is counted for righteous- 
ness. 6 Even as David also describeth the blessedness of the 
man unto whom God imputeth righteousness without works, 
7 Siiyhig^ IMesscd are they whose iniquities are forgiven, and 
wliose sins are covered. 8 Blessed is the man to whom the 
Lord will not imj)ute sin. 11 He received the sign of circum- 
cision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had yet 
being uncircumcised : that he might be the father of all of 
them that believe, though they be not circumcised, that right- 
eousness might be imputed unto them also. 
130 



FAITH. 183 

Its necessity. 

183. Faith in Christ, and hdief of the truth, required as necessary to sal- 
tfoUion. 

Mk. 16: 15 He said unto them, Gro ye into all the world, and 
preach the gospel to every creature. 16 He that believeth and 
is baptized, shall be saved; but he that believeth not, shall be 
damned. 

Jn. 1: 12 As many as received him, to them gave he power 
to become the sons of Grod, even to them that believe on his 
name. — 3: 16 God so loved the world, that he gave his only 
begotten Son, that whosoever believeth on him, should not 
perish, but have everlasting life. 18 He that believeth in him, 
is not condemned: but he that believeth not, is condemned 
already, because he hath not believed in the name of the only 
begotten Son of God. 36 He that believeth on the Son hath 
everlasting life : and he that believeth not the Son, shall not 
Bee life ; but the wrath of God abideth on him. — 6: 28 Then 
said they unto him, What shall we do, that we might work the 
works of Qod ? 29 Jesus answered and said unto tliem, This 
is the work of God, that ye believe on him whom he hath sent. 
40 This is the will of him that sent me, that every one which 
Beeth the Son, and believeth on him, may liave everlasting life : 
and I will raise him up at the last day. 53 Then Jesus said 
unto them. Verily, verily, I say unto you. Except ye eat the 
flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, ye have no life in 
you. 54 Whoso eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath 
eternal life; and I will raise him up at the last day. — 8: 24 If 
ye believe not that I am he, ye shall die in your sins. 47 He 
that is of God, heareth God's words: ye therefore hear them 
not, because ye are not of God. — 11: 25 Jesus said unto her, 
I am the resurrection, and the life : he that believeth in me, 
though he were dead, yet shall he Ihe^ 26 And whosoever 
liveth, and believeth in me, shall never die. 

Ac 10: 43 To him give all the prophets witness, that through 
his name whosoever believeth in him shall receive remission 
of sins. — 16: 31 Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou 
shalt be sj^ved, and thy house. 

Rom. 10: 4 Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to 
every one that believeth. 

Gal. 2: 16 Knowing that a man is not justified by the works 
of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have 
believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith 
of Christy and not by the works of the law : for by the works 
of the law shall no flesh be justified. 

2 Th- 2: 10 With all deceivableness of unrighteousness in 

131 



184 FAITH. 

Examples o£ 

them that perish ; because they received not the love of the 
truth, that they might be saved. 1 1 And for this cause God 
shall send them stronjc delusion, that thev should believe a 
lie: 12 Tliat they all might be damned who believed not the 
truth, but had pleasure in unrighteousness. 

Heb. 11: Without faith it is impossible to please him: for 
he that cometh to God must believe that he is. and thcU he 13 
a rewarder of them that diligently seek him. 

1 Jn. 2: 23 Whosoever denieth the Son, the same hath not 
the Father : \_but he that achwwledgeih the Son hath the Father 
alsoJ\ — 5: 10 He that believeth on the Son of God hath the 
witness in himself: he that believeth not God, liath made liim 
a liar, because he believeth not the record that God gave of his 
Son. 1 1 And this is the record, tliat God hath given to U3 
eternal life : and this life is in his Son. 12 He that hath the 
Son, hath life ; and he that hath not the Son of God, hath not 
life. 13 These things have I written unto you that believe on 
the name of the Son of God ; that ye may know that ye have 
eternal life, and tliat ye may believe on the name of the Son 
of God. 

2 Jn. 9 Whosoever transgresseth, and abideth not in the 
doctrine of Christ, hath not God. He that abideth in the 
doctrine of Christ, he hath both the Father and the Son. 10 
If there come any unto you, and bring not this doctrine, receive 
him not into yo2«r house, neither bid him Grod speed: 11 For 
he that biddeth him God speed, is partaker of his evil 'deeds. 

3 Jn. 4 I have no gi'cater joy than to hear that my children 
walk in truth. [See 175, 601.] 

184. Examples of faith. 

Hom. 4: 20 He [Abraliam] staggered not at the promise of 
Grod through unbelief; but was strong in faith, giving glory to 
God ; 21 And being fully persuaded, that what he liad prom- 
ised, he was able also to perform. 

2 Cor. 5: 7 (For we walk by faith, not by sight :) 8 We are 
confident, I say, and willing rather to absent from the body, and 
to be present with the Lord. 

Gal. 2: 20 I am crucified Avith Christ : nevertheless, I live ; 
yet not I, but Christ liveth in mo : and the life which I now 
live in the flesh, I live by the faith of the Son of God, who 
loved me, and gave himself for me. 

Heb. 11: 7 Bv faith Noah, beinjij warned of Grod of thinfrs 

not seen as yet, moved with fear, prepared an ark to the saving 

of his house ; by the which he condemned the world, and 

became heir of the righteousness which is by fJEuth. 8 By faith 

132 



FAITH. 185 — 187 

Effects and Kvidence of — Starong Fai^'h required. 

Abraham, when he was called to go out into a place which he 
ehould after receive for an inheritance, obeyed ; and he went 
out not knowing whither he went. 9 Bj faith he sojourned 
in the land of promise, as in a strange country, dwelling in 
tabernacles with Isaac and Jacob, the heirs with him of the 
same promise : 10 For he looked for a city which hath founda- 
tions, whose builder and maker is God. 13 These all died in 
&ith, not having received the promises, but having seen them 
afar off, and were persuaded of them^ and embraced them, and 
confessed that they were strangers and pilgrims on the earth. 
[See 664.] 

185. Effects offailh 

Heb. 11: 32 What shall I more say? for the time would 
&il me to tell of Gedeon, and of Barak, and of Samson, and 
\ of Jephthae, of David also, and Samuel, and of the prophets : 

33 Who through faith subdued kingdoms, wrought righteous- 
ness, obtained promises, stopped the mouths of lions, 34 
Quenched the violence of fire, escaped the edge of the sword, 
out of weakness were made strong, waxed valiant in fighl^ 
turned to flight the armies of the aliens. [See the whole 
chapter.] 

1 Pet. 1: 8 Whom having not seen, ye love ; in whom, though 
now ye see him not, yet believing, ye rejoice with joy unspeak- 
able, and full of glory : 9 Receiving the end of your faith, even 
the salvation of your souls. 

1 Jn. 5: 4 Whatsoever is bom of God, overcometh the 
world : and this is the victory that overcometh the world, even 
our faith. 5 Who is he that overcometh the world, but he 
that believeth that Jesus is the Son of God ? 

186. Evidence of faith. 

Jam. 2: 14 What doth it profit, my brethren, though a man 
say he hath faith, and have not works ? can faith save him ? 

15 If a brother or sister be naked, and destitute of daily food, 

16 And one of you say unto them. Depart in peace, be ye 
warmed and filled, notwithstanding ye give them not those 
things which are needful to the body: what doth it profit? 

17 Even so faith, if it hath not works, is dead, being alone. 

18 Yea, a man may say. Thou hast faith, and I have works : 
shew me thy faith without thy works, and I will shew thee 
my faith by my works. [See 302, 602.] 

187. Stremjth <f faith required. 

Ep. 6: 10 Finally, my brethren, be strong in the Lord, and 
in the power of his might. 1 1 Put on the whole armor of God, 

12 133 



/ 



188, 189 FAITH. 

Contending for — of miiaclfls. 

that ye may be able to stand against the wiles of the devlL^ 

12 For we wrestle not against llesh iind blood, but againstS" 
principalities, against ))owers, against the rulers of the dark — . 
ness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in hi^h places ^s 

13 AVheretbre take unto you the whole armor of God, tha-;_ 
ye may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having don«e 
all, to stand. [See 712.] 

1S8. Contending/ for the faith exemp1ifi:d and rerpured. 

Jn. 18: 37 Jesus answered, To this end was I bom, and for 
this cause came I into the world, that I should bear witness 
unto the truth. 

Ac. (3: 9 Tliore arose certain of the synagogue, which is 
called the sjpiayogne of the Libertines, and Cj'renians, and 
Alexandrians, unci of them of Ciliciii, and of Asia, disputing 
with Stc^plien. 10 And they were not able to resist the \nA- 
dom and the spirit by which ho sjxike. — 9: 29 lie [Paul] 
spake boldly in the name of the Lord Jesus, and disputed 
agjiinst the Grecians : but they went about to slay him. — 17: 16 
While l*aul waited ibr them at Athens, his spirit was stirred 
in him, when he saw the city wholly given to idolatry. 17 
Therefore disputed he in tlie synagogue ^\dth the Jews, and 
with the devout persons, and in the market daily with them 
that met with him. — 19: 8 lie went into the synagogue, and 
spake boldly for tlie space of three montlis, disputing and per- 
sujiding the things concerning the kingdom of God. 9 But 
when divers were hardened, and believed not, but spake evil 
of that way belbre the multitude, he departed from them, and 
separated the disciples, disputing daily in the school of one 
Tyrannus. 10 And this continued by the space of two years; 
so that all they which dwelt in Asia heard the word of the Lord 
Jesus, both Jews and Greeks. 

l*h. 1: 27 Stand fast in one spirit, with one mind striving 
together for the faith of the gospel. 

Jude 3 Earnestly contend for the faith which was one^ 
delivered unto the saints. [See 458.] 

189. Faith ofmiraclps, and the peculiar promises to it. 

Mat. 14: 29 When Peter was come down out of the ship, ho 
walked on the water to go to Jesus. 30 But when he saw the 
wind boisterous, he was afraid ; and beginnhig to sink, he cried, 
saying. Lord, save me. 31 And immediately Jesus stretched 
forth Ins hand, and caught him, and said unto him, O thou of 
little faith, wherefore didst thou doubt? — 21:20 When the 
disciples saw t^, they mai-velled, saying, How soon is the fig-tree 
134 



FAITH. 190, 191 

Of Mlzaelea — Spurloa^ Fiiith rihI Hvli^^on. 



irithered away ! 21 Jesus answered and said unto them. Verily, 
I say unto you, If ye have faith, and doubt not, yc shall not 
only do this which is dmie to the fig-tree, but also, if ye shall 
say unto this mountain, Be thou removed, and be tlioii caM into 
the sea; it shall be done. 22 And all things whatsoever ye 
shall ask in prayer, believing, ye shall receive. 

Mk. 11: 23 Verily I fay unto you. That whosoever shall 
say unto this mountain, lie thou removed, and be thou cast into 
the sea; and shall not doubt in his heart, but shall bclifvr 
that those things which he saith shall coukj to juiss; 1h^ >liall 
have whatsoever he saitli. 24 Therefore 1 say unto you, 
Wliat things soever ye desire when ye jiray, believt; that y(j 
receive them, and ye shall have them, — 1(1: 17 These signs 
shall follow them that believe: In my name shall they ca<t 
out devils ; they shall speak v/ith new tongues : LS They shall 
take up serpents ; and if thcjy drink any dea<lly thing, it shall 
not hurt them ; they shall lay liands on the yick, and they shall 
recover. 

Jn. 14: 12 Verily, verily, I say unto you. He that believeth 
on me, the works that I do shall he do also ; and greater u-itrh 
than these shall he do ; because I go unto my Father. 13 And 
whatsoever ye shall a^k in my name, that will I do, that the 
Father may be glorified in the Son. 

Jam. 5: 14 Is any sick among you ? let him call for the elders 
of the church ; and let them pray over him, anointing him with 
oil in the name of the Lord : lo And the pniyer of faith shall 
save the sick, and the Lord shall raise him up ; and if he have 
committed sins, they shall be forgiven him. [See 100.] 

190. Was iheftiith ofmirnc.U.s saviiuj fnith ? 

Mat. 7: 22 Many will say to me in that day, Lord, Lord, 
have we not projdiesied in thy name ? and in thy name have 
cast out devils ? and in thy name done many wonderful works ? 
23 And then will I profess unto them, I never knew you: 
depart from me, ye that work inicpiity. 

1 Cor. 13: 1 Though I speak with the tongues of men and 
of angels, and have not charity, I am become as sounding bniss, 
or a tinkling cymbal. 2 And though I have the (jlft of prophecy, 
and understand all mysteries, and all knowledge ; and though 
I have all faith, so tliat I could remove mountains, and have 
not charity, I am nothing. 

191. Spurious faithf formalism^ and seljish rditjion common and ruinous to 
the soul. 

Pb. 106: 12 Then believed they his words ; they sang his 



191 FAITH. 

Spurious Fiiitli und Uolifdon. 



praise. 13 They soon forgat his works, they waited not for 
hi.-^ coansel. 

Is. 2'.': 13 This ])eoi)lc draw near tne with their mouth, am 
with tlicir lips do honor me, but have removed their heart 
from me, and their fear toward me is taught by the precep: 
of UK'H. — ')6: '1 TJiev seek me dailv, and deli^rht to know m 
ways, as a nation that did rigliteonsness, and forsook not th< 
ordinjuKM? of their God: they iisk of me the ordinances of jus 
tice: they tyke deli;rht in a])i)roaohing Xk) God. 3 Wherefo; 
liave w<i fasted, ,s'ay///^//, and thou seest not? wherefore have we 
allli<!ted our soul, and ihou takest no knowledge? 

Jer. 3: 10 Ilcr ti*(*acherous sister Judali hath not turned unto 
me with her whole heart, but feiirnedly, saitli the Lord. 

Ezk. 33: 31 They come unto ihee as the i)eople cometh, and 
they sit befonj thee as my i)eo])le, and they hear thy words, but 
they will not do tliem: for with tlieir mouth they shew much 
love, hut their ht.'art goetli after their oovetousness. 

]\Iat. 13: 20 lie that received the seed into stony places, the 
same is he that hearelh tiie word, and anon with joy receiveth 
it; 21 Yet iialh he not root in himself, but dureth for a while: 
for wli(*n tribulation or j)ersecution ariseth because of the word, 
by and by lie is ollended — 1^3: 7 Ye hypocrite?, well did Esaias 
prophesy of you, saying, 8 This people draweth nigh unto me 
with their mouth, and honoreth me with ^^etrlips; but their 
heart is far I'rom me. 

Jn. (5: 20 Jesus answered them and said, Verily, verily, I say 
unto you. Ye seek me, not because ye saw the miracles, but 
because ye did eat of the loaves, and were filled. 

Ac. 8: 13 Simon himself believed also: and when he was 
baptizcid, he continued with Philij), and wondered, beholding 
the miracles and signs which were done. 21 Thou hast neither 
part nor lot in this matter : ibr thy heart is not right in the 
sight of God. 

Kom. 10: 2 I bear them record that they have a zeal of God, 
but not according to knowledge. 

1 Cor. 13: 1 Though I speak with the tongues of men and of 
angels, and have not charity, I am become as sounding brass, or 
a tinkling cymbal. 2 And though I have the gift of prophecy, 
and understand all mysteries, and tdl knowledge ; and though 
I have all iaith. so that I could remove mountains, and have not 
charity, I am nothing. 3 And though I bestow all my goods 
to feed the 2'>oot\ and though I give my body to be burned, and 
have not charity, it profit eth me nothing. 

Gal. 1: 13 Ye have heard of my conversation in time past 
in the Jews* religion, how that beyond measure I persecuted 
136 



FASTING. 192, 193 



DircctiniiK for — oxi*iiii<1iflo<l. 



the church of God, and wasted it; 11 And ])i*ofit<'d in the 
Jews' religion above many my equals in mine own nation, beinp; 
more exceedingly zealous of the traditions of my fatliei'^. — 5: (5 
In Jesus Christ neither circumcision availeth any thing, nor 
oncircumcision ; but faith which worketh by love. 

2 Tim. 3: 5 Having a form of godliness, but denying the 
power thereof: from such turn away. 

Jam. 2: 19 Thou believest that there is one God; thou doest 
well : the devils also believe, and tremble. 

[See 194, 333, 411, 609, G23, G89, 702, 704.] 

FASTING. 

192. DkrecdonB for fasting. 

Is. 58: 4 Behold, ye fast for strife and debate, and to smite 
with the fist of wickedness : ye shall not fast as ye do t/n's day, 
to make your voice to be heard on high. 5 Is it such a fast 
that I have chosen ? a day for a man to afUict his soul ? is it 
to bow down his head {is a bulrush, and to sprc^ad sackcloth and 
ashes under Mm? wilt thou call tliis a fa^^t, and an acceptalih? 
day to the Lord? G Is not this the fast that I have choseni? 
to loose the bands of wi(!kedness, to undo the heavy burdens, 
and to let the oppressed go free, and that ye br(»ak every yoke ? 
7 Is it not to deal thy bread to the hungry, and that thou bring 
the poor that are ca*«t out to thy house ? when thou seest th<j 
naked, that thou cover hhn ; and that thou hide not thyself from 
thine own flesh ? 

Mat. (>: IG When ye fast, be not as the hy]K)criles, of a sad 
countenance : for they disligurt^ tlieir fac(*s, that they may 
api)ear unto men to fast. Verily, 1 say unto you. They have 
their rewtu'd. 17 But thou, when tliou iiistest, anoint thincj 
head, and wash thy face ; IS That thou appear not unto men, 
to fast, but unto thy Father, which is in secret : and thy Father, 
which seeth in secret, sliall reward thee openly. 

193. Fasting exunplifud. 

Ezra 8: 21 Then I proclaimed a fast there, at the river of 
Ahava, that vre might aliiict ourselves before our God, to seek 
of him a right way for us, and for our little ones, and for all 
our substance. 22 For I was ashamed to recpiire of the king 
a band of soldiers and hoi-semen to lu^lp us against tli<», enemy 
in the way: l)ccause we had spoken unto the king, saying, The 
hand of our God is upon all thein for g<K)d that seek him; but 
his power and his wrath is against all them that forsake him. 

12* 187 



193 FABTINGK 



Kxeini'lifiel. 



23 So we 1 listed and besought our God for this : and lie waa 
entreat od of ii.<. 

Dan. 'J: ''3 1 set my face unto the Lord God, to seek by 
prayer ami supplications, with fastinjr, and sackcloth, and ashes. 

Jonah .■>: o So the jieople of Nineveh believed God, and pro- 
chiinied a fast, and put on sackcloth, from the greatest of them 
even to the h-a^t of thoni. G For word came unto the kmg 
of Xinttveh, anil iie arose fi-oni liis tlirone, iuid he laid his robe 
from him, and covered /tim with sackcloth, and sat in ashes. 
7 And he caused it to be proclaimed and published through 
Nineveh by tlie decree; of the king and his nobles, saying, Let 
neither man nor bea<t, herd nor tlock, taste any tiling: let them 
not feed, nor di-ink water: 8 Jhit let man and beast be covered 
with sackcloth, and cry mightily unto God: yea, let them turn 
every one from his evil wav, and from the violence that is in 
their hands, i) Who can tell if God will turn and repent, and 
turn away from his fierce anger, that we perish not? 10 And 
God saw their works, that they turned from their evil way ; and 
Goil repented of the evil that he had said that he would do 
unto them ; and he did it not. 

Mat. 1: 1 Then was Jesus led up of the Spirit into the 
wildeiTiess, to be temjited of the devil. 2 And when he had 
fasted forty days and tbrty nights, he was afterwards an 
hungered. 

Lk. 2: 3(5 There was one Anna, a [)rophetess, the daughter 
of Phanuel, of the tiibe of Aser : she was of a great age, and 
had lived with an husband seven years from her virginity ; 37 
And she was a widow of about fourscore and four years, which 
departed not from the temple, but served GbcZ irith fastings and 
prayers night and day. 

Ac. 10: oO Cornelius said, Four days ago I was fasting unto 
this hour ; and at the ninth hour 1 ])rayed in my house, and 
behold, a man stood before me in bright clothing, 31 And said, 
Cornelius, thy prayer is heard. — 13: 2 As they ministered to 
the Lord, and fasted, the Holy Ghost said, Separate me Bar- 
nabas and Saul, lor the work whereunto I have called them. 
3 And when they had farted and prayed, and laid t/ietr hands 
on them, they sv.nt titcm away. — 11: 23 When they hjid 
ordained them ciders in every church, and had prayed with 
fasting, they connnendcd them to the Lord. 

2 Cor. G: b In labors, in watchings, in fastings. — 11: 27 In 
weariness and paint'ulness, in watchings often, in hunger and 
tliirst, in fastings often, in cold and nakedness. 28 Besides 
those thmgs that are without, that which cometh upon me daily, 
the care of all the churches. 
13d 



FASTING — FEMALES. 194, 195 



Spurious Fa.4ting — Fcmule iiidustrj'. 



194. Spurious fasting. 

Is. 58: 3 Wherefore liave we fasled, sat/ thnj^ and tliou seest 
not? wherefore have we afllicted our houI, and thou takest no 
knowledge ? Behold, in the day of your la.st ye lind pleasui-e, 
and exact all your labors. 4 Behold, ye i'ast for strife and 
debate, and to smite with the list of wickedness : ye shall not 
fast as ye do this day, to make your voice to be heard on hitijh. 
6 Is it such a fast that I have chosen ? a day for a man to afllict 
his soul ? is it to bow down his head as a bulrush, and to spread 
sackcloth and ashes under him ? wilt thou aiU this a fast, and 
an acceptable day to the Lord "^ 

Zee 7: 5 Speak unto all the people of the land, and to the 
priests, saying. When ye fasted and mourned in the lifth and 
seventh month, even those seventy years, did ye at jill fast unto 
me, even to me ? 6 And when ye did eat, and when ye did 
drink, did not ye e^t for yourselves, and drink /<;/• youraelves '/ 

Lk. 18: 1 1 The Pharisee stood and i>rayed thus with him- 
self, God, I thank thee, that I am not as otlier men are, extor- 
tionei*3, unjust, adulterers, or even as this publican. 12 1 fast 
twice in the week, I give tithes of all that I possess. 

[See 191, 411, 609, 623, 689.] 

FEMALES. 

195. Fenmh indaslrij and tnterprize. 

Pr. 31: 13 She seeketh wool, and flax, and worketh willingly 
with her hands. 14 She is like the merchants' ships; she 
bringeth her food from afar. 15 She riseth also while it is yet 
night, and giveth meat to her household, and a portion to her 
maidens. 16 She considereth a field, and buyeth it: with the 
fruit of her hands she plantetli a vineyard. 17 She girdoth 
her loins with strength, and strengthoneth her arm.<. 18 She 
perceiveth that her merchandize /5 good: her candle goeth not 
out by night. ID She hiyeth her hands to the sj)indle, and her 
hands hold the distalf. 21 She is not afniid of the snow for 
her household : for all her household are clothed with scarlet. 
22 She maketh hei*self coverings of tapestry ; her clothing is 
silk and pui7)le. 23 Her husband is known in (he gates, when 
he sitteth among the elders of the land. 24 She maketh fnie 
linen, and selletli it; and delivereth girdles unto the merchant. 
25 Strength and honor «re her clothing ; and she shall rejoice 
in time to come. 

Ac. 9: 39 And all the widows stood by him weeping, and 
shewing the coats and garments which Dorcas made, while she 
was with them. 

139 



196y 197 FEMALES. 



Female pynipathy — Sabordination. 



196. Female pi<tff, sijmjHit/n/, and ki/iflncss. 

Pr. 31: 20 She stretcheth out her hand to the poor ; yea, she 
reacheth forth her hands to the needy. 26 She openeth her 
mouth with wisdom ; and in her tongue is the law of kindness. 
27 She looketh well to the ways of lier household, and eateth 
not the bread of idleness. 28 Her children arise up, and call 
her blessed ; her husband also, and he praiseth her. 

Mat. 27: oo Many women were there (beholding afar off) 
which followed Jesus from Galilee, ministering unto him : 56 
Among which was Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of 
James and Joses, and the mother of Zebedee's children. 

Mk. 12: 43 He called unto him his disciples, and saith unto 
them, Verily, I say unto you. That tliis poor widow hath cast 
more in, than all they which have cast into the treasury. 44 
For all they did cast in of their abundance : but she of her w^ant 
did cfist in all that she had, even all her living. 

Lk. 21: 1 Upon the iirst day of the week, very eai'ly in the 
morning, thoy came unto the sei)ulchre, bringing the spices 
w^liich tliey had j)rei)ared, and certain others with them. 10 It 
was jMiiry Magclalene, and Joanna, and Mary the motJier of 
James, and other women that were Avith them. 

197. Fti/ifih'. snldjnli/infion and S}>e'ihing, 

Gen. 3: 16 Thy desire sJwdl be to thy husband, and he shall 
rule over thee. 

Num. 30: 13 Every vow, and every binding oath to aiEict 
the soul, her husband may establish it, or her husband may 
make it void. 

1 Cor. 11:31 would have you know, that the head of every 
man is Christ ; and the head of the woman is the man ; and the 
head of Christ is God. 4 Every man praying or prophesying, 
liaving his head covered, dishoiioi-eth his head. 5 But every 
woman that ])rayeth or proj)hesietli with her head uncovered, 
dishonoreth her head: for that is even all one as if she were 
shaven. 6 For if the woman be not covered, let her also bo 
shorn : but if it be a shame ibr a woman to be shorn or shaven, 
let her be covered. 7 For a man indeed ought not to cover 
his head, forasmuch a*s he is the image and glory of God : but 
the woman is the glory of the man. 8 For the man is not of 
the womjin, but the woman of the man. 9 Neither was tlio 
man created ibr the woman, but the woman for the man. 13 
Judge in yourselves : Is it comely that a woman pray unto God 
uncovered? 14 Doth not even nature itself teach you, that 
if a man have long hair, it is a shame unto him ? 15 But 
if a woman have long hair, it is a glory to her : for her hair is 
140 



FEMALES — FLATTERY. 198 



female Subordination — Flattery Common and Dani^i'rouA. 

given her for a covering. — 14: 34 Let your women keep 
silence in the churches ; for it is not pei*mitted unto them to 
speak : but they are commanded to be under obedience, as also 
saith the law. 35 And if they will learn any thing, let them 
ask their husbands at home ; for it is a sliaJme for women to 
speak in the church. 

Eph. 5: 22 Wives, submit yourselves unto your own hus- 
bands, as unto the Lord. 23 For the husband is the head of 
the wife, even as Christ is the head of the church : and lie is 
the Saviour of the body. 24 Therefore as the church is 
subject unto Clirist, so let the wives he to their own husbands 
in every thing. 

CoL 3: 18 Wives, submit yourselves unto your own husbands, 
as it is fit in the Lord. 

1 Tim. 2: 11 Let the woman learn in silence with all sub- 
jection. 12 But I suffer not a woman to teach, nor to usurp 
authority over the man, but to be in silence. 13 For Adam 
was first formed, then Eve. 

1 Pet. 3: 1 Like^vise, ye wives, he in subjection to your own 
husbands; that, if any obey not the word, they also may 
without the word be won by the conversation of the wives ; 
2 While they behold your chaste conversation coupled with 
fear. 6 Even as Sarah obeyed Abraham, calling him lord : 
whose daughters ye are, as long as ye do well, and are not 
afraid with any amazement. 7 Likewise, ye husbands, dwell 
with them according to knowledge, giving honor unto the wife, 
as unto the weaker vessel, and as being heirs together of the 
grace of life ; that your prayers be not hindered. [See 425.] 

FLATTERY. 
198. Flattery a common and dangerous sin. 

Job 17: 5 He that speaketh flattery to his friends, even the 
eyes of his children shall fail. 32: 21 Let me not, I pray you, 
accept any man*s person, neither let me give flattering titles 
unto man. 22 For I know not to give flattering titles ; in so 
doing my Maker would soon take me away. 

Ps. 12: 3 The Lord shall cut off all flattering lips, and the 
tongue that speaketh proud things. 

Pr. 20: 19 He that goeth about as a talc-bearer revealeth 
secrets : therefore meddle not with him that flattereth with his 
lips. — 24: 24 He that saith unto the wicked, Thou art right- 
eous; him shall the people curse, nations shall abhor him. 
26: 28 A lying tongue hateth those that are afflicted by it; and 
a flattering mouth worketh ruin. — 28: 23 He that rebuketh a 
mam afterwards shall find more favor than he that flattereth 

1A\ 



199 FOOD. 

Direotions fur fowl — Gluttony. 



with the tongue. — 29: 5 A man that flattereth his neighbor 
Bpreadeth a net for his feet. [See 474-5, 702, 728.] 

FOOD. 
199. Instruct totis respecting food — gluttony reproved. 

Gren. 1: 29 God said, Behold, I have given you every herb 
bearing seed, wliich is upon the face of all the earth, and 
every tree, in the wliicli is the fiTiit of a tree yielding seed ; to 
you it shall he for meet. — 9: 3 Eveiy moving thing thatliveth 
shall be meat for you ; even as the green herb have I given 
you all things. \ l>ul ilesh witli the life tliereof, which is Uie 
blood thereof, shall ye not eat. 

Dt. 21: 20 This our son is stubborn and rebellious, he will 
not obey our voice ; he is a jrlutton, and a drunkard. 21 And 
all the men of his city shall stone him with stones, that he die. 

Pr. 23: 1 When thou sittest to eat with a ruler, consider dili- 
gently what is before thee : 2 And put a knife to thy throat, 
if thou Ih*. a man given to a])petile. 3 Be not desirous of his 
dainties: for they are deceitful meat. 20 Be not among wine- 
bibbers ; among riotous eaters of flesh : 21 For the drunkard 
and the glutton shall come to poverty : and drowsiness shall 
clothe a man with rags. 

Dan. 1:12 Prove thy servants, I beseech thee, ten days ; and 
let them give us pulse to eat, and w^ater to drink. 15 And at 
the end of ten days their countenances appeared fairer and 
fatter in flesh than all the children which did eat the portion 
of the king's meat. 

Mat. 6: 31 Take no thought, saying. What shall we eat? or, 
what shall we dj-ink? or, wherewithal shall we be clothed? 

32 (For after all these things do the Gentiles seek) for yonr 
heavenly Father knoweth that ye have need of aU these things. 

33 But seek ye flrst the kingdom of God, and his righteous- 
ness, and all these things shall be added unto you. 

Lk. IG: 19 There was a certain man, which was clothed in 
purple and fine linen and fared sumptuously every day : 25 
But Abraham said. Son, remember that thou in thy life-time 
receivedst thy good things, and likewise Lazarus evil things : 
but now he is comforted, and thou art tormented. — 21: 34 And 
take heed to yourselves, lest at any time your hearts be over- 
charged with surfeiting and drunkenness, and cares of this life, 
and so that day come upon you unawares. 

Bom. 14: 21 It is good neither to eat flesh, nor to drinj^ 
wine, nor ant/ thing whereby thy brother 6tumbleth,or is offend 
ed, or is made weak. 
142 



FOOLS. 200 

A lookirg-gLias. 



1 Cor. 8: 13 If meat make my brother to ofiend, I will cat 
zio flesh while the world standeth, lest I make my brother to 
offend. 

1 Tim. 4: 3 Forbidding to many, and commanfJing io abstain 
£rom meats, which Grod hath created to be received with thaiiks- 
giving of them which believe and know the truth. [3G8, 721.] 

FOOLS. 
SOO. Who are fools ? \A looking-glass^ 

1. Atheists. 

Ps. 14: 1 The fool hath said in his heart, IVtere is no God. 
94: 6 They slay the widow and the stranger, and niunlcr the 
fiitherless. 7 Yet they say, The Loiii) sliall not .see, neither 
shall the Grod of Jacob regard it. 8 Undeivtand, yc brutish 
among the people : and ye fools, when will ye be wise. [See 22.] 

2. BUObcrs. 

Pr. 13: 16 Every prudent man dealeth with knowledge; but 
a fool layeth open Aw folly. — 14:33 Wisdom rcsteth in the 
heart of him tliat hath understanding: but that which is in the 
midst of fools is made known. — 18: 7 A foors mouth is his de- 
struction, and his lips arc the snare of his soul. — 21): 11 A ffX)l 
nttereth all his mind : but a wise man keepetli it in till after- 
wards. 20 Seest thou a man that is hasty in liis words ? there 
is more hope of a fool than of liini. [See 729.] 

8. Biarphemfrs. 

Ps. 74: 1 8 The f(X)lish people have blasphemed thy name. 
22 Arise, O God, plead thine own cause : remember how the 
foolish man reproacheth thee daily. [See 718.] 

4. Boasters. 

BonL 1: 22 Professing themselves to be wise, they became 
fools. [See 703.] 

Pr. 15: 5 A fool despisetli his father's instruction. 20 A 
wise son maketh a glad father : but a foolish man despiseth his 
mother. — 22: 15 1^ oolishness is bound in the heart of a cbild ; 
but the rod of correction shall drive it far from him. [See 51.] 

6. Dec" i ri'rs — $tlf-t1fxt ivcrs — h ijporrUrs. 

Pr. 12: 15 The way of a fool is riglit in his o^\^l eyes : but 
he that hearkeneth unto counsel is wise. — 14: 8 The wisdom of 
the pnident is to undei*stand his way : but the folly of fools is 
deceit. — 2G: 1 2 Seest thou a man wise in his own conceit ? 
there is more hoi)e of a fool than of him. — 28: 20 He that 
tmsteth in his own heart is a fool. 

143 



200 FOOLS. 

A looklng-glofis. 



Lk. 11: 39 The Lord said unto him, Now do ye Pharisees 
make clean the outside of the cup and the platter ; but your 
inward i)art is lull of ravening and wickedness. 40 Ye fools, 
did not he that made tliat which is without, make that which is 
within also? 

lit. o: 3 We oursel \'es also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, 
deceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures, living in malice 
and envy, hateful, and hating one another. [See 702.] 

7. CifiMinnte vJftwlfTX. 

Du 32: 5 They have corrupted themselves, their spot %s not 
the spot of his children : thei/ are a perverse and crooked gen- 
enition. G Do ye thus requite the Lord, O foolish people and 
unwise ? is not lie thy father that hath bought thee ? hath he 
not made thee and established thee ? 

Pr. 13: lU It is abomination to fools to depart from eviL — 
27: 22 Thoupjh thou sliouldest bray a fool in a mortar among 
wheat with a })estle, yet will not his foolishness depart fi«)m 
him. [See 488.] 

8. Druukaril^. 

Pr. 20: 1 Wine is a mocker, strong drink is raging : and 
whosoever is deceived thereby is not wise. 

9. Gossipx. 

Pr. 10: 8 The wise in heart will receive commandments: 
but a j)rating fool shall fall. — 15:2 The tongue of the wise 
useth knowledge aright : but the mouth of fools poureth out 
foolishness. — 18:7 A fooFs mouth is his destruction, and his 
lips are the snare of his soul. 

Ec. o: 3 A fool's voice is known by multitude of words.— 
10: 1 2 The words of a wise man's mouth a7'e gracious ; but the lips 
of a fool will swallow up himself. 13 The beginning of the 
words of his mouth is foolishness : and the end of his talk is 
mischievous madness. 14 A fool also is full of words. 

[See 729.] 

10. Ignoramuses. 

Pfi. 92: 5 Lord, how great are thy works ! and thy 
thoughts are very deep. 6 A brutish man knoweth not; 
neither doth a fool understand this. 

Pr. 1: 7 Fools despise wisdom and instruction. 22 How 
long, ye simple ones, will ye love simplicity ? and the scomers 
delight in their scorning, and fools hate knowledge? — 15: 14 
The heart of him that hath understanding seeketh knowledge : 
but the moutJi of fools fecdeth on foolishness. — 18: 2 A fool 
hath no delight in understanding, but that his heart may dis- 
cover itself. [See 363.] 
144 



FOOLS. 200 

44- 



A looking-glan. 



11. Enaves. 

Jer. 17: 11 As the partridge sitteth on eggs, and liatchetL them 
not ; so he that getteth riches and not by right, shall leave them 
in the midst of his days, and at his end shall be a fool. 

12. Libertines. 

Pr. 7: 6 At the window of my house I looked through my 
casement, 7 And behold among the simple ones. I discerned 
among the youths, a young man void of understanding, 8 Pas- 
sing through the street near her corner ; and he went the way 
to her house, 9 In the twilight, in the evening, in the bladk 
and dark night : 22 He goeth after her straightway, as an ox 
goeth to the slaughter, or as a fool to the correction of the 
stocks ; 23 Till a dart strike through his liver ; as a bird hast- 
ethto the snare, and knoweth not that it is for his life. [See 405.] 

13. IdeddUrs. 

Pr. 20: 3 It is an honor for a man to cease from strife ; but 
every fool will be meddling. 

14. Misers. 

Pr. 1: 32 The turning away of the simple shall slay them, 
and the prosperity of fools shall destroy them. 

Lk. 12: 19 I will say to my soul. Soul, thou hast much goods 
laid up for many years ; take thine ease, eat, drink, and be 
merry. 20 But God said unto him, T/iou fool, this night thy 
Boul shall be required of thee : then whose shall those things 
be which thou hast provided? 21 So is he that layeth up 
treasure for himself, and is not rich toward Grod. [See 625-6.J 

15. Mockers. 

Pr. 14: 9 Fools make a mock at sin. 

IB. Rovers. 

Pr. 17: 24 Wisdom is before him that hath understanding; 
but the eyes of a fool are in the ends of the earth. 

17. Slanderers. 

Pr. 10: 18 He that hideth hatred with lying lips, and he that 
nttereth a slander, is a fool. 

18. Sots. 

Pr. 17: 16 Wherefore is there a price in the hand of a fool 
to get wisdom, seeing lie hath no heart to it ? 

Jer. 4: 22 My people is foolish, they have not known me ; 
they are sottish children, and they have none understanding: 
they are wise to do evil, but to do good they have no knowledge. 

[See 693.] 

19. Sjpendthrifts. 

Pr. 21: 20 There is treasure to be desired, and oil in the 
dwelling of the wise ; but a foolish man spendeth it up. 

13 1^ 



201 FORBEARANCE. 



Required and commeDded. 



20* S^xtrtstfutt' 

Pr. 10: 23 It is as sport to a fool to do mischief. 

£c. 7: 4 The heart of fools is in the house of mirth. 

[See 479.] 

ZL Warriors. 

Job 5: 2 Wrath killeth the foolish man, and envy slajeth 
the silly one. 

Pr. 12: 16 A fool's wrath is presently known: but a pru- 
dent man covereth shame. — 14: 16 The fool rageth, and is 
confident. — 18: 6 A fooFs lips enter into contention, and his 
mouth calleth for strokes. — 20: 3 It u an honor for a man 
to cease from strife : but every fool will be meddling. — 27: 3 
A stone is heavy, and the sand weighty : but a fooFs wrath is 
heavier than them both. 

Ec 7: 9 Anger resteth in the bosom of fools. [See 735.] 

FORBEARANCE. 

201, Forbearance required and commended. 

Pr. 19: 11 The discretion of a man deferreth his anger; 
aud it is his glory to pass over a transgression. 

1 Cor. 13: 4 Charity suffereth long, and is kind; charity 
envieth not ; charity vaunteth not itself, is not puffed up, 5 
Doth not behave itself unseemly, seeketh not her own, is not 
easily provoked, thinketh no evil : 7 Beareth all things, be- 
lieveth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things. 

Ep. 4: 1 I therefore, the prisoner of the Lord, beseech you 
that ye walk worthy of the vocation wherewith ye are called, 
2 "With all lowliness and meekness, with long-suffering, for- 
bearing one another in love. 

1 Pet. 2: 18 Servants, be subject to your masters, with all 
fear ; 'not only to the good and gentle, but also to the froward. 
19 For this is thankworthy, if a man for conscience toward 
Grod endure grief, suffering wrongfully. 20 For what glory 
is it, if, when ye be buffeted for your faults, ye shall take it 
patiently? but if, when ye do well, and suffer for it, ye take it 
patiently, this is acceptable with God. 21 For even hereunto 
were ye called : because Christ also suffered for us, leaving us 
an example, that ye should follow his steps. 23 Who, when 
he was reviled, reviled not again ; when he suffered, he threat- 
ened not ; but committed himself to him that judgeth righ- 
teously. — 3: 8 Finally, be ye all of one mind, having compas- 
fdon one of another ; love as brethren, he pitiful, be courteous : 
9 Not rendering evil for evil, or railing for raiUng : but coa- 
146 



FORGIVENESS. 202, 208 



ForbMxance abiised — Forgiyeness required. 



trariwise, blessing ; knowing that ye are thereunto called^ that 
ye should inherit a blessing. 

[See 203, 437—9, 498, 499, 737.] 

202. Sinners abuse forbearance. 

Ec. 8: 11 Because sentence against an evil work is not exe- 
cuted speedily, therefore the heart of the sons of men is fully 
set in them to do evil. 

FORGIVENESS. 

203. Duty toforf/ive, as we hope to be forgiven — Threats to the implacable. 

Mat 6: 12 Forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debt- 
ors. 14 For, if ye forgive men their trespasses, your heav- 
enly Father will also forgive you : 15 But if ye forgive not 
men their trespasses, neither will your Father forgive your 
trespasses. — 18: 21 Then came Peter to him, and said, Lord, 
how oft shall my brother sin against me, and I forgive him ? 
till seven times ? 22 Jesus saith unto him, I say not unto thee. 
Until seven times : but, Until seventy times seven. 27 Then 
the lord of that servant was moved with compassion, and 
loosed him, and forgave him the debt. 28 But the same ser- 
vant went out, and found one of his fellow-servants, which 
owed him an hundred pence : and he laid hands on him, and 
took him by the throat, saying, Pay me that thou owest. 29 
And his fellow-servant fell down at his feet, and besought him, 
saying. Have patience with me, and I will pay thee all. 30 
And he would not ; but went and cast him into prison, till he 
should pay the debt. 32 Then his lord, after that he had 
called him, said unto him, O iliou wicked servant, I forgave 
thee all that debt, because thou desiredst me : 33 Shouldest 
not thou also have had compassion on thy fellow-servant, even 
as I had pity on thee ? 34 And his lord was wroth, and de- 
livered him to the tormentors, till he should pay all that was 
due unto him. 35 So likewise shall my heavenly Father do 
also unto you, if ye from your hearts forgive not every one his 
brother their trespasses. 

Mk. 11: 25 When ye stand praying, forgive, if ye have 
aught against any : that your Father also which is in heaven 
may forgive you your trespasses. 26 But if ye do not forgive, 
neither will your Father which is in heaven forgive your tres- 
passes. 

Lk. 6: 37 Judge not, and ye shall not be judged : condemn 
not, and ye shall not be condemned : forgive, and .ye shall be 
foreivcn. — 17:3 Take heed to yourselves: If thy brother 

147 



204) 205 FRIENDSHIP. 



True FrMJudSuip — Spurious Frionctehip. 



trespass a^inst thee, rebuke him ; and if he repent, forgive 
Lim. 4 And if he trespass against tliee seven times in a day. 
and seven times in a day turn again to thee, saying, I repent ; 
tjiou shah forgive him. 

Ep. 4: 32 Be ye kind one to another, tender-hearted, forgiv- 
ing one another, even as God, for Cliiist's s^e, hath forgiven 
you. 

Col. 3: 12 Put on tlierefore, as the elect of God, holy and 
beloved, bowels of mercies, kindness, humbleness of mind, 
meekness, long-sufFcjring ; 13 F*orbearing one another, and 
forgiving one another, if any man have a quarrel against any : 
even as Christ forgave you, so also do ye. 

[See G2, 539, 737.] 

N. B. — For Divine Forgiveness, see 583. 

rrJENDSIUP. 

204. True friendship desirable — luow to make friends. 

2 S. 1: 26 I am distressed for thee, my brother Jonathan : 
very pleasant hast thou been unto me : thy love to me was 
wonderful, passing the love of women. 

Pr. 17: 17 A friend loveth at all times, and a brother is 
bom for adversity. — 18: 24 A man that hath friends must 
show himself friendly : and there is a friend thai sticketh closer 
than a brother. — 19: 6 Many will entreat the favor of the 
prince : and every man is a friend to him that giveth gifts. — 
27: 9 Ointment and ])erfume rejoice the heart : so doth the 
sweetness of a man's friend by hearty counsel. [See 737.] 

205. Spurious fricTidship — Ingratitude. 

Job 19: 14 M}'- kinsfolk have failed, and my familiar friends 
have forgotten me. 1 9 All my inward friends abhorred me : 
and they whom 1 loved are turned against me. 

Ps. 38: 11 My lovers and my friends stand aloof from my 
sore; and my kinsmen stand afar off. — 55: 12 i^ was not an 
enemy that reproached me ; then I could have borne it : 
neither was it he that hated me that did magnify himself 2ug2lnst 
me ; then I would have hid myself from him : 13 But it was 
thou, a man mine equal, my guide and mine acquaintance. 14 
We took sweet counsel together, and walked unto the house of 
God in company. 

Mat. 2G: oQ> Then all the disciples forsook him, and fled. 

2 Tim. 4: 1 6 At my first answer no man stood with me, but 
all men forsook me : I jrray God that it may not be laid to 
their charge. [See 701.] 
148 



GOD. 206—208 

How made known — a moztil agent 



GOD. 

206. Save mankind any intuitive knowledge of God ? 

Job 32: 8 There is a spirit in man : and the inspiration of 
the Ahnighty giveth them undei-standing. ^ 

Ac 17: 28 In him we live, and move, and have our being; 
as certain also of your own poets have said. For we are also 
his offspring. 29 Forasmuch then as we are the offspring of 
God, we ought not to think that the Godhead is like unto 
gold, or silver, or stone, graven by art and man's device. 

Rom. 1: 19 Because that which may be known of Grod is- 
manifest in them ; for God hath shewed it unto them. — 2: 14 
When the Gentiles, which have not the law, do by nature the 
things contained in the law, these having not the law, are a law 
unto themselves. 15 Which shew the work of the law writ- 
ten in their hearts, their conscience also bearing witness, and 
their thoughts the mean while accusing, or else excusing one 
another. [See 394.] 

207. God made known by his tcorks. 

Pb. 19: 1 The heavens declare the glory of Grod ; and the 
firmament sheweth his handy work. 2 Day unto day uttereth 
speech, and night unto night sheweth knowledge. — 75: 1 
Unto thee, O Gfod, do we give thanks, unto thee do we give 
thanks : for that thy name is near, thy wondrous works de- 
clare. 

Ac. 14: 17 He left not himself without witness, in that he 
did good, and gave us rain from heaven, and frui^ul seasons, 
filling our hearts with food and gladness. 

Bom. 1: 20 For the invisible things of him from the crei^- 
lion of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the 
things that are made, even his eternal power and Gknlhead ; so 
that they are without excuse. — 11: 36 Of him, and through 
him, and to him are all things : to whom be glory for ever. 

Heb* 3: 4 Every house is builded by some man; but he that 
built all things is Grod. Ps. 9 16. 

208. Cfodf a moral agent^ with affections and passions. 

Gem 6: 6 It repented the Lord that he had made man on 
the earth, and it grieved him at his heart 

Ps. 7: 11 GU)d is angry ttnth the wicked everyday. — 103: 13 
Afl a father pitieth hi$ children, so the Lord pitieth them that 

13* 1« 



209 CK)D. 

Ills chief end. — Ills regard for himself. 



fear him. — 147: 11 The Lord taketh pleasure in them that 
fear him. 

Hos. 11: 8 How shall I give thee up, Ephraim? hoio shall 
I deliver tliee, Isi-ael? how shall I make thee as Admah? how 
shall I set thee as Zeboim? mine heart is turned within me, 
my repentings are kindled together. 

Zep. 3: 17 The Lord thy God in the midst of thee w 
mighty ; he will save, he will rejoice over thee with joy : he 
will rest in his love, he will joy over thee with singing. 

Mat. 3: 17 This is my beloved Son, in whom 1 am well 
Dleased. 

1 Jn. 4: 8 God is love. [See 223, 230, 238.] 

209. Go^s chirf end — his rfifjard for himself. 

Ps. lOG: 8 He saved them for his name's sake, that he 
might make his mighty power to be known. 

Pr. 16: 4 The Lord hath made all things for himself: yea, 
even the wicked for the day of evil. 

Is. 42: 8 I am the Lord : that is my name : and my glory 
will I not give to another, neither my praise to graven images. 
— 43: 7 Even every one that is called by my name ; for I 
have created him for my glory, I have formed him : yea, I 
have made him. 2 1 This people have I formed for myself; 
they shall shew forth my praise. — 48: 11 For mine own sake, 
even for mine own sake, will I do it : for how should my name 
be polluted ? and I will not give my glory unto another. 

Ezk. 20: 9 I wrought for my name's sake, that it should not 
be polluted before the heathen. — 86: 32 Not for your sakes 
do I this, saith the Lord God, be it kno^vn unto you: be 
ashamed and confounded for your own ways, O house of 
Israel. 

1 Cor. 15: 28 When all things shall be subdued unto him, 
then shall the Son also himself be subject unto him that put 
all things under him, that God may be all in all. 

Col. 1: 16 All things were created by him and for him. 

Rev. 4: 11 Thou art worthy, O Lord, to receive glory, and 
honor, and power : for thou hast created all things, and tor thy 
pleasure they are and were they created. [See 276 — 7, 570.1 
150 



ood's mode of existiekce. 210, 211 



His Unity — Trinity of Persons. 



GOD'S MODE OF EXISTENCE. 

210. Divine unity ^ or only one true God. 

Dt. 4: 35 The Lord he is God : there is none else beside 
him. [39.] — 6: 4 The Lord our God is one Lord. — 32: 39 
See now that I, even I am he, and there is no god with me. 

2 S. 7: 22 Tliere is none like thee, neither is there any Grod 
l^eside thee. 

2 K. 19: 15 Thou art the God, even thou alone, of all the 
kingdoms of the earth. 

Neh. 9: 6 Thou, even thou, art Lord alone. 

Is. 44: G Thus saith the Lord, the King of Israel, and his 
Redeemer the Lord of hosts ; I am the lirst and I am the last ; 
and besides me there is no God. 8 Is there a Grod besides 
me ? Yea, there is no God ; I know not any, — 45: 5 I 
am the Lord, and there is none else, there is no Grod besides 
me. 

Jn. 17: 3 This is life eternal, that they might know thee the 
only true God, and Jesus Christ whom thou hast sent. 

1 Cor. 8: 6 To us there is hut one God, the Father, of whom 
are all things, and we in him. 

1 Tim. 1: 17 Now unto the King eternal, immortal, invisible, 
the only wise God, he honor and glory for ever and ever. 

Jam. 2: 19 Thou belie vest that there is one Grod; thou doest 
weJL 

211. Are there more persons than one in the Godhead f 

Gen. 1: 26 And God said, Let us make man in our image, 
after our likeness. Gen. 3: 22, and 11: 7, Is. G: 8. 

Dan. 4: 17 This matter is by the decree of the watchers, 
and the demand by the word of the holy ones. 

Mat. 28: 19 Teach all nations, baptizing them in the name 
of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. 

2 Cor. 13: 14 The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the 
love of Grod, and the communion of the Holy Ghost, he with 
you all. Amen. ^ 

Ep. 2: 18 Through him we both have access by one Spirit 
unto the Father. 1 Pet. 1: 2. 

1 Jn. 5: 7 There are three that bear record in heaven, the 

Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost : and these three are 

<me. [See 75—6, 346.] 

151 



212 — ^214 GK)D'S natural ATTaiBUTES- 



Efcernity of God — Foreknowledgo — Qreatness and MajoBty, 

GOD'S NATURAL ATTRIBUTES. 

212. Eternity of God, 

Dt 33: 27 The eternal GU)d is thy refuge. 

Ps. 90: 2 Before the mountains were brought forth, or ever- 
thou hadst formed the earth and the world, even from ever- 
lasting to everlasting, thou art God. — 93: 2 Thy throne im 
established of old: thou ari from everlasting. — 102: 27 Thow 
art the same, and thy years shall have no end. 

Is. 44: 6 Thus saith the Lord tlie King of Israel, and his 
Redeemer the Lord of hosts ; I am the first, and I am the 
last, and besides me there is no God. — 57: 15 Thus saith the 
high and lofty One that inhabiteth eternity, whose name is 
Holy. 

Hab. 1: 12 Art thou not from everlasting, O Lord my 
Gk>d, mine Holy One ? 

1 Tim. 1: 17 Unto the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the 
only wise God, he honor and glory for ever and ever — 6: 15 
Which in his times he shall shew, who is the blessed and only 
Potentate, the King of kings and Lord of lords; 16 Who 
only hath immortahty. [See 76,(3.)] 

213. Foreknowledge of God. 

Is. 46: 9 Remember the former things of old : for I am Grod, 
and there is none else; lam God, and there is none like me, 
10 Declaring the end from the beginning, and from ancient 
times the tilings that are not yet done, saying. My counsel shall 
stand, and I will do all my pleasure. 

Ac. 2: 23 Him, being delivered by the determinate counsel 
and foreknowledge of God, ye have taken, and by wicked 
hands have crucified and slain. — 15: 18 Known unto Grod are 
all his works from the beginning of the world. [See 219.] 

214. Greatness, majesty, and supremacy of God. 

1 Ch. 29: 11 Thine, O Lord, is the greatness, and the power, 
and the glory, and the victory, and the majesty : for all that is 
in the heaven and in the earth is thine ; thine is the kingdom, 
O Lord, and thou art exalted as head above all. 12 Both 
riches and honor come of thee, and thou reignest over all ; and 
in thy hand is power and might ; and in thy hand it is to make 
great, and to give strength unto all. 

Neh. 9: 6 Thou, even thou, art Lord alone ; thou hast made 
heaven, the heaven of heavens, with all their host, the earth, 
and all things that are therein, the seas, and all that is therein, 
152 



€K>D'8 natural ATTBIBUTE8. 214 

tireatiMaw aud Majesty. 



and thou preservest them all ; and the host of heaven wor- 
shippeth thee. 

Job. 11: 7 Canst thou by searching find out God? canst thou 
find out the Almighty unto periection ? H It is as high a3 
heaven ; what can.-*t thou do ? deeper than hell ; what canst 
thou know ? *J The measure thereof is longer tlian the earth, 
and broader than the sea. — 20: 14 Lo, these are parts of his 
ways ; but how little a j^ortion is heard of him ? but the thun- 
der of his ixiwer wlio can understand. — 3G: 2C Behold, God 
M greatj and we know fiim not, neitlier can the number of his 
years l>e searched out. — 37: 22 With God is teirible majesty. 
23 Touching the Almiglity," we cannot find him out : he is ex- 
cellent in power, and in judgment, and in plejity of justice. 

Fs. 20: 4 The voice of the Lord is j^owerful ; the voice of 
the LoKD is fall of majesty. — 47: 7 For God is the King of 
all the earth. — 03: 1 The Loud reigneth, he is clotlied with 
majesty. — 104: 1 Bless the Loud, O my soul. O Loud my 
God, thou art very great; tliou art clothed witli honor and 
majesty : 2 Who coverest thyself with light as vnth a garment : 
who stretchest out the heavens Hke a curtain : 3 Who layeth 
the beams of his chambers in the watei-s : who maketh the 
clouds his chariot : who walketh ujjon the wings of the wind : 
4 Who maketh his angels sjiirits ; his ministei*s a flaming fire. 
— 145: 3 Great is the Ix)rd, and greatly to be praised; and 
his greatness is unsearchable. 

Ls. 40: 12 AVho hath measured the waters in the hollow of 
his hand, and meted out heaven with the span, and compre- 
hended the dust of the earth in a measure, and weighed the 
mountains in scales, and the hills in a balance? 13 Who hath 
directed the Sjdrit of the Loud, or being his counsellor liath 
taught him ? 14 With whom took he counsel, and wlio in- 
structed liim, and taught him in the path of judgment, and 
taught him knowledge, and shewed to liim the way of under- 
standing? 15 Behold, the nations are as a drop of a bucket, 
and are counted as the small dust of the balance : behold, he 
taketh up the isles as a very little thing. IG And Lebanon is 
not suiiicient to bum, nor the beasts thereof sufficient for a 
bumt-oftering. 1 7 All nations before him are as notldng, and 
they are counted to him less than nothing, and vanity. 18 To 
whom then will ye liken God? or what likeness wiU ye com- 
pare unto him ? [Dan. 4: 35.] 

Nab. 1: 3 The Loud haih his way in the whirlwind and in 
the storm, and the clouds are the dust of his feet 4 He re- 
buketh the sea, and maketh it dry, and drieth up all the rivers: 
Bashan languisheth, and Carmel, and the flower of Lebanon 

153 



215 — 217 god's natural attbibutes. 

Lsflential divine happiness — luvisibility ; and immutability of God. 

languislieth. 5 The mountains quake at him, and the hills 
melt, and the earth is burned at his presence, yea, the world, 
and all that dwell therein. G Who can stand before his indig- • 
nation ? and who can abide in the fierceness of liis anger ? lus 
fuiy is poured out like fire, and the rocks are thrown down by — 
him. [See 45, 234, 275.] 

215. Essential happiness of God. 

Rom. 1: 25 Who is blessed for ever. — 9: 5 Whose are th^ 
fathers, and of whom, as concerning the flesh, Clirist came, who 
is over all, God blessed for ever. 

2 Cor. 11: 31 The God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christy 
which is blessed for evermore. 

1 Tim. 1: 11 The glorious gospel of the blessed God. — 6:15 
The blessed and only Potentate. [See 223.] 

216. Invisibility of a ud. 

Jn. 1: 18 No man hath seen God at any time; the only 
begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath 
declared him. — 4: 24 God is a spirit. 

Col. 1: 15 Who is the image of the invisible God, the first- 
bom of every creature. 

1 Tim. G: 1 6 Whom no man hath seen, nor can see ; to whom 
i« honor and power everlasting. 

Heb. 11: 27 By faith he forsook Egypt, not fearing the 
wrath of the king : for he endured, as seeing him who is in- 
visible. 

217. Immutahility of God. 

Num. 23: 19 G^d is not a man, that he should lie ; neither 
the son of man, that he should repent : hath he said, and 
shall he not do it f or hath he spoken, and shall he not make 
it good ? 

1 S. 15: 29 And also the Strength of Israel will not lie nor 
repent : for he is not a man, that he should repent. 

Job 23: 13 He is in one mind, and who can turn him? 

Ps. 102: 25 Of old hast thou laid the foundation of the earth: 
and the heavens are the work of thy hands. 26 They shall 
perish, but thou shalt endure : yea, all of them shall wax old 
like a garment ; as a vesture shalt thou change them, and they 
shall be changed : 27 But thou art the same, and thy years 
BhaJl have no end. 

Mai. 3: 6 I am the Lord, I change not. 

Heb. 13: 8 Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and to-day, and 
for ever. 

Jam. 1: 17 Every good gift and every perfect gift is from 
154 



ood's natubax attbibutbb. 2I89 219 



Omnipotence ; and Omniscience of God. 



above, and cometh down from the Father of lights, with whom 
is no variableness, neither shadow of turning. [See 250.] 

218. Omnipoterux of God, 

Gren. 17: 1 lam the Almighty Grod. 

Job 9: 12 Behold, he taketh away, who can hinder him ? 

Is. 43: 13 There is none that can deliver out of my hand : 
I will work, and who shall let it ? 

Jer. 32: 17 Ah Lord God ! behold, thou hast made the 
heaven and the earth by thy great power and stretched out 
arm, and there is nothing too hard for thee. 

Mat. 19: 26 With God all things are possible. 

Rev. 1: 8 I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the 
ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is 
to come, the Almighty. — 11: 17 We give thee thanks, O Lord 
Gk)d Almighty, which art, and wast, and art to come ; because 
thou hast taken to thee thy great power, and hast reigned. 
—19: 6 The Lord Grod omnipotent reigneth. 

[See 76,(5) 234, 259, 588.] 

219. Omniscience of God. 

1 S. 2: 3 Talk no more so exceeding proudly ; let not arro- 
gancy come out of your mouth : for the Lord ts a GU)d of 
knowledge, and by him actions are weighed. — 16: 7 The Lord 
seeth not as man seeth ; for man looketh on the outward ap- 
pearance, but the Lord looketh on the heart. 

1 K. 8: 39 Then hear thou in heaven thy dwelling-place, 
and forgive, and do, and give to every man according to his 
ways, whose heart thou knowest ; (for thou, even thou only, 
knowest the hearts of all the children of men.) 

1 Ch. 28: 9 The Lord searcheth all hearts, and understandeth 
all the imaginations of the thoughts. 

Job 11:11 He knoweth vain men : he seeth wickedness also ; 
will he not then consider it? — 34: 21 His eyes are upon the 
ways of man, and he seeth all his goings. 22 77iere is no 
darkness, nor shadow of death, where the workers of iniquity 
may hide themselves. 

Ps. 11:4 The Lord's throne is in heaven : his eyes behold, 
his eyelids try the children of men. — 44: 21 Shall not God 
search this out? for he knoweth the secrets of the heart. — 
94: 9 He that planted the ear, shall he not hear? he that 
formed the eye, shall he not see? — 139: 1 O Lord, thou hast 
searched me, and known me. 2 Thou knowest my down-sit- 
ting and mine up-rising, thou understandest my thought afar 
cSL 3 Thou compadsest my path and my lying down, and art 

155 



220 ood's natural attbibutes. 

Oniuipre.'ence cf God. 

acquainted with all my ways. 4 For there is not a word in 
my tongue, hiU lo, O Lord, tliou knowest it altogether. 5 
Thou hast beset me behind and before, and laid thine hand 
U{)on me. 6 Such knowledge is too wonderful for me ; it is 
high, I cannot attain unto it. 1 1 If I say. Surely the darkness 
elmll cover me ; even the night shall be light about me. 12 
Yea, tlie darkness hideth not from thee ; but the night shineth 
as the day : the darkness and the light are both alike to thee. 
•^147: 5 Great is our Lord, and of great power: his under- 
standing is infinite. 

Pr. 5:21 For the ways of man are before the eyes of the 
Lord, and he i)ondereth all his goings. — 15: 3 The eyes of the 
Lord are in every i)lacc, beholding the evil and the good. 11 
Hell and destruction are before the Lord : how much more 
then the hearts of the children of men? 17: 3 The fining-pot 
is for silver, and the furnace for gold : but the Lord trieth the 
hearts. — 21: 2 Every way of a man is right in his own eyes: 
but the Lord pondereth the hearts. — 24: 11 If thou forbear 
to deliver them that are drawn unto death, and those thai are 
ready to be slain ; 12 If thou saye^. Behold, we knew it not; 
doth not he that pondereth the heart consider it ? and he that 
keepeth thy soul, doth 7iot he know it ? 

Is. 40: 28 There is no searching of his understanding. 

Jer. 23: 23 Am I a God at hand, saith the Lord, and not a 
God afar off? 24 Can any hide himself in secret places that 
I shall not see him? saith the Lord. — 32: 19 Great in coun- 
sel, and mighty in work : for thine eyes are open upon all the 
ways of the sons of men ; to give every one according to his 
ways, and according to the fruit of his doings. 

Ezk. 11: 5 And the Spirit of the Lord fell upon me, and 
said unto me, Speiik ; Thus saith the Lord ; Thus have ye 
said, O house of Israel : for I know the things that come into 
your mind, every one of them. 

Ac. 1 : 24 Thou, Lord, which knowest the hearts of all meriy 
shew whether of these two thou hast chosen. 

Heb. 4: 13 Neither is there any creature that is not manifest 
in his sight : but all things are naked and opened unto the 
eyes of him with whom we have to do. 

1 Jn. 3: 20 For if our heart condemn us, God is greater 
than our heart, and knoweth all things. [See 76,(7) 213.] 

220. Omnipresence of God, 

Ps. 139: 3 Thou compassest my path and my lying down, 
and art acquainted with all my ways. 5 Thou hast beset me 
behind and before, and laid thine hand upon me. 7 Whither 
156 



god's NATUIUL ATTBIBUrBS. 221, 223 



Solf-eziatenoe ; and \riiMlom. 



shall I go from thy Spirit ? or whither shall I flee from thy 
presence ? 8 K I ascend up into heaven, thou art there : if j 
make my bed in hell, behold, thou art t/iere. ^ If 1 take the 
vrings of the morning, and dwell in tlie uttermost parts of the 
sea ; 10 Even there shall thy hand lead me, and thy right 
liand shall hold me. 

Jer. 23: 23 Ayn I a Grod at hand, saitli the Loud, and not a 
God afar off? 24 Can any hide himself in secret places that 
1 shall not see liim ? saith the Lord. Do not I fill heaven 
and earth ? saith the Losd. 

Mat. 18: 20 For where two or three are gathered together 
in my name, there ani I in the midst of them. 

Ep. 1: 23 The fulness of him that fiUeth aU in all. 

[See 76,(6).] 

221. SeHf-existence of God. 

Ex. 3: 14 God. said unto Moses, I AM TIIAT I AM: 

And he said, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, 
I AM hath sent me unto you. 

Dt. 32: 40 I lift my hand to heaven, and say, I live for ever. 

Jer. 10: 10 The Lord is the true God, he is the living God, 
and an everlasting King. 

Jn. 5: 26 As the Father hath life in himself, so hath he 
given to the Son to have life in himself. — 6: 57 The living 
Father hath sent me. 

Ac. 17: 24 God that made the world, and all things therein, 
seeing that he is Lord of heaven and earth, dwelleth not in 
temples made with hands; 25 Neither is worshipped \vith 
men's hands, as though he needed anytliing, seeing he giveth 
to all life, and breath, and all things. 

1 Tim. 6: 15 Which in his times he shall shew, who is the 
blessed and only Potentate, the King of kings, and Lord of 
lords ; 1 6 Who only hath immortality, dwelling in the light 
which no man can approach unto : whom no man hath seen, 
nor can see ; to whom he honor and power everlasting. 

222. Wisdom of God, 

Job. 5: 13 lie taketh the wise in their own craftiness : and 
the counsel of the froward is carried headlong. 

Ps. 104: 24 O Lord, how manifold are thy works! in wis- 
dom hast thou made them all : the earth is full of thy riches. 

Is. 28: 29 This also cometh forth from the Lord of hosts, 
which is wonderful in counsel, and excellent in working. 

Bom. 11: 33 O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom 
and knowledge of God ! how unsearchable are bis judgments, 

14 151 



228,224 ood's mobal perfection. 

Bkaedneti of God — IDs Benevolence. 

and his ways past finding out I 34 For who hath known the 
mind of tifie Lord? or who hath heen his counsellor?-— 
16: 27 To Grod only wise, be glory through Jesus Christ for 
ever. Amen. 

1 Cor. 1: 25 The foolishness of Grod is wiser than men. 

Ep. 1: 8 He hath abounded toward us in all wisdom ancl 
prudence. — 3: 9 To make all men see what is the fellowship 
of the mystery, which fix)m the beginning of the world hath 
been bid in Grod, who created all things by Jesus Christ: 10 
To the intent that now unto the principalities and powers in 
heavenly places might be known by the church the manifold 
wisdom of GU>d. 

CoL 2: 2 The mystery of God, and of the Father, and of 
Christ ; 3 In whom are hid all the treasures of wisdom and 
knowledge. 

Jude 25 To the only wise Grod our Saviour, he glory and majes- 
ty, dominion and power, both now and ever. [See 142, 275.] 



GOD'S MORAL PERFECTION. 

223. Blessedness or joy of God, arising from his benevolent designs and 
works. 

Ps. 104: 31 The glory of the Lord shall endure for ever: 
the Lord shall rejoice in his works. 

Is. 62: 5 As the bridegroom rejoiceth over the bride, so shall 
ihy GU)d rejoice over thee. — 65: 19 I will rejoice in Jerusa- 
lem, and joy in my people. 

Jer. 9: 24 I am the Lord which exercise loving-kindness, 
judgment, and righteousness in the earth : for in these things 
I delight, saith the Lord. 

Ezk. 5: 13 Thus shall mine anger be accomplished, and I 
will cause my fury to rest upon them, and I will be comforted: 
and they shall know that I the Lord have spoken it in my 
zeal, when I have accomplished my fury in them. 

Zep. 3: 17 The Lord thy God in the midst of thee is 
mighty ; he will save, he will rejoice over thee with joy ; h6 
will rest in his love, he will joy over thee with singing. 

[See 208, 215.] 

224. Benevolence of God — he desires good, and deprecates evil, 

Dt. 5: 29 O that there were such a heart in them, that they 
would fear me, and keep all my commandments always, that it 
might be well with them, and with their children for ever I— 
32: 29 O that they were wise, that they understood thisy that 
they would consider their latter end I 
168 



OOl/S MORAL PERFBOTXOV. 225 

Compaasioa of God. 

Pb. 119: 68 Thou art good, and doest good. 

Ezk. 18: 32 I have no pleasure in the death of him that 
diethy saith the Lord God: wherefore turn yourseJveSy and 
live ye. 

Mat. 5: 44 I say unto you, Love your enemies, bless them 
that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for 
them which despitefully use you, and persecute you ; 45 That 
ye may be the children of your Father which is in heaven : 
for he maketh his sun to rise on the evil and on the good, and 
8endeth rain on the just and on the unjust. 

Jn. 3: 14 As Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, 
even so must the Son of man be lifted up. 15 That whasoever 
believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life. IG 
For God so loved the world, that he gave his only-begotten 
Son, that whosoever believeth in him, should not perish, but 
have everlasting life. 17 For God sent not his Son into the 
world to condemn the world, but that the world through him 
might be saved. 

Bom. 5: 8 God commendeth his love toward us, in that 
while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us. — 8: 32 He that 
spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how 
shall he not with him also freely give us all things ? 

1 Th. 4: 3 This is the will of Grod, even your sanctification. 

1 Tim. 2: 3 Thfs is good and acceptable in the sight of Grod 
our Saviour ; 4 Who will have all men to be saved, and to come 
unto the knowledge of the truth. 

2 Pet. 3: 9 The Lord is not slack concerning his promise, 
as some men count slackness ; but is long-sufleriiig to us-ward, 
not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to 
repentance. 

1 Jn. 4: 7 Beloved, let us love one another : for love is of 
God; and every one that loveth is bom of God, and knoweth 
God. 8 He that loveth not, knoweth not God ; for God is 
love. 9 In this was manifested the love of God toward us, be- 
cause that God sent his only-begotten Son into the world, that 
we might live through him. 10 Herein is love, not that we 
loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his Son to be the 
propitiation for our sins. 

[See 60, 228, 233, 254, 370—2, 585, 672.] 

S25. Compassion of God. 

Ex. 32: 14 The Lord repented of the evil which he thought 
to do unto his people. 

Jad. 10: 16 His soul was grieved for the misery of Israel. 
Ps. 25: 6 Remember, O Lord, thy tender mercies and thy 

15^ 



226 ood's mobal perfectioii. 



IIi8 fititlifulucw. 



loving-kindness ; for they have been ever of old. — 36: 7 How 
excellent is thy loving-kindness, O God! therefore the children 
of nuMi i)ut their trust under the shadow of tliy wings. — 69: 16 
Hear me, O Lord ; for thy loving-kindness is good : turn unto 
me accordhig to the multitude of thy tender mercies. — 78: 38 
He, bcin<f lull of com])as:?ion, forgave their iniquity, and de- 
stroyed than not : yea, many a time turned he his anger away, 
and (hd not stir up all his wrath. — 8G: 15 Thou, O Lord, art 
a God full of compassion, and gracious, long-suffering, and 
pl(^nteous in mercy and truth. — 103:13 Like as a father 
pitieth his children, so the Lord ))itieth them that fear him. — 
14o: 8 Tlie Lokd is gracious, and full of compassion ; slow to 
ang(;r, and of great mercy. 9 The Loud is good to all : and 
his tender mercie;^; are over all his works. 

Lam. 3: 22 It is of the Lord's mercies, that we are not con- 
sumed, because his comi)assions fail not. 32 But though he 
cause grief, yet will he have compassion according to the mul- 
titude of his mercies. 33 For he doth not afflict willingly, nor 
gi'ieve the children of men. 

llos. 11: 8 IIow shall I give thee up, Ephraim? how shall 
I deliver thee, Israel ? how shall I make thee as Admah ? how 
shall I set thoe as Zeboim ? my heart is turned within me, 
my rei)entings are kindled together. 

Lk. G: 35 lie is kind unto the unthankful and to the evil. 

Jam. o: 11 The Lord is very pitiful, and of tender mercy. 

[See 233, 522, 585.] 

226. Faithfulness of God. 

Dt. 7: 9 Know therefore that the Lord thy God, he is 
God, the faithful God, which keepeth covenant and mercy with 
them tliat love him and keep his commandments to a thousand 
generations. 

Jos. 21: 45 There failed not aught of any good thing which 
the Lord had spoken unto the house of Israel ; all came to 
pass. — 23: 14 Behold, this day I am going the way of all the 
earth ; and ye know in all your hearts and in all your souls, 
that not one thing hath failed of all the good things which the 
Lord your God spake concerning you ; all are come to pass 
unto you, and not one thing hath failed thereof. 

Ps. 3G: 5 Thy mercy, O Lord, is in the heavens ; and thy 
faithfulness reacheth unto the clouds. — 89: 2 Thy faithfulness 
shalt thou establish in the very heavens. 33 Nevertheless, my 
loving-kindness will I not utterly take from him, nor suffer my 
fiuthfulness to fail. 34 My covenant will I not break, nor 
160 



GO]>*8 MORAL PKBROTIOV. 227, 228 

of Ood— His foodnasB and eoodHeMHloa. 

alter the thmg thai it gone oat of mj lips. — 119: 90 Thj 
fiuthfalness if unto all genenUaons. 

1 Th. 5: 24 Faithful if he that calleth 70a, who also will do 
it [See 4, 235, 515— 517, 725.] 

2S7. JFbrbnranoe oncf tongsuffaing of God, 

Neh. 9: 30 Yet manj years didst thou forbear them, and 
testifiedst against them bj thy Spirit in th j prophets : yet 
would they not give ear. 

£c 8: 11 Because sentence against an evil work is not 
executed speedily, therefore the heart of the sons of men is 
ftdly set in them to do evil. 

Bom. 2: 4 Or despisest thou the riches of his goodness, and 
fixrbearance, and long-suffering ; not knowing that the good- 
ness of God leadeth thee to repentance ? — 9: 22 What if God, 
willing to show his wrath, and to make his power known, 
endured with much long-suffering the vessels of wrath fitted to 
destruction ? 

1 Tim. 1: 16 Howbeit, for this cause I obtained mercy, that 
in me first Jesus Christ might show forth all long-suffering, for 
a pattern to them which should hereafter believe on him to life 
everiastuog. 

1 Pet. 3: 19 By which also he went and preached unto the 
spirits in prison ; 20 Which sometime were disobedient, when 
once the long-suffering of God waited in the days of Noah, 
while the ark was a preparing, wherein few, that is, eight 
souls, were saved by water. 

2 Pet. 3: 9 The Lord is not slack concerning his promise, 
as some men count slackness ; but is long-suffering to us-ward, 
not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to 
repentance. [See 62*] 

228. Goodness cmd condescension of God. 

Ex. 34: 6 The Lord passed by before him, and proclaimed. 
The Lord, The Lord Grod, merciful and gracious, long-suffer- 
ing, and abundant in goodness and truth. 

1 Ch. 16: 34 O give thanks unto the Lord ; for he is good; 
for his mercy endureth for ever. 

Ps. 8: 3 When I consider thy heavens, the work of thy 
fingers, the moon and the stars, which thou hast ordained ; 4 
What is man, that thou art mindful of him ? and the son of 
man, that thou visitest him ? — 33: 5 He loveth righteousness 
and judgment : the earth is full of the goodness of the Lord. 
— 52:1 Why boastest thou thyself in mischief, O mighty 
man ? the goodness of God endureth continually. — 107: 8 Oh 
that mm would praise the Lord /^ his goodness, and for his 

14* 1^1 



229 ood's mobal pebfectiok. 

Holiness and beauty of God. 



wonderful works to the children of men T 9 For he satisfieth 
the longing soul, and filleth the hungry soul with goodness. — 
113: 4 The JjORJ) is high above all nations, a^i^ his glory above 
the heavens. 5 Who is like unto the Lord our God, who 
dwelleth on high, G Wlio humbleth himself to behold the things 
that are in heaven, and in the earth ? — 119: G8 Thou art good, 
and doest good ; teach me thy statutes. — 145: 7 They shall 
abundantly utter the memory of tliy great goodness, and shall 
sing of thy righteousness. 9 The Lord is good tx) all : and 
his tender mercies are over all his works. 

Is. 57: 15 TIius saitli the high and lofly One that inhabiteth 
eternity, whose name is Holy ; I dwell in the high and holy 
place, with him also that is of a contrite and humble spirit. 

Zee 9: 17 How gi-eat is his goodness, and how great is his 
beauty ! 

Mat. 19: 17 He said imto him, Why callest thou me good? 
there is none good but one, that is, God. 

[See 60, 61, 224, 233, 254, 372, 672.] 

229. Holiness and beauty of God, 

Ex. 15: 11 Who is like unto thee, O Lord, among the 
gods ? who is like thee, glorious in holiness, fearM in praises, 
doing wonders ? 

Lev. II: 44 Ye shall be holy ; for I am holy. 

1 S. 2: 2 there is none holy as the Lord. 

Job 4: 17 Shall mortal man be more just than God? shall a 
man be more pure than his Maker? 18 Behold, he put no 
trust in his servants ; and his angels he charged with folly. — 
34: 10 Therefore hearken unto me, ye men of understan£ng : 
far be it from God, that he should do wickedness ; and^om the 
Almighty, that he should commit iniquity. 

Ps. 5: 4 Thou art not a God that hath pleasure in wicked- 
ness : neither shall evil dwell with thee. 5 The foolish shall 
not stand in thy sight : thou hatest all workers of iniquity. — 
22: 3 Thou art holy, thou that inhabitest the praises of 
Israel. — 27: 4 One thing have I desired of the Lord, that 
will I seek after; that I may dwell in the house of the 
Lord all the days of my life, to behold the beauty of the 
Lord, and to inquire in his temple. — 45: 7 Thou lovest 
righteousness, and hatest wickedness. — 71: 22 I will also 
praise thee with the psaltery, even thy truth, O my Grod : unto 
thee will I sing with the harp, O thou Holy One of IsraeL — 
90: 17 And let the beauty of the Lord our God be upon us. 
— 99: 9 Exalt the Lord our God, and worship at Ins holy 
hill; for the Lord our Grod is holy. — 111: 9 Holy Maid 
162 



OOD'S MORAX PEBFEOnON. 230 

Holy grief and displeasuru of Qod. 

reverend is his name. — 145: 17 The Lord is righteous in all 
his ways, and holy in all his works. 

Is. 6: 3 And one cried unto another, and said, Holy, holy, 
holy, is the Lord of hosts : the whole earth is full of lus 
glory, — 28: 5 In that day shall the Lord of hosts be for a 
crown of glory, and for a diadem of beauty, unto the residue 
of his people. — 33: 17 Thine eyes shall see the King in his 
beauty: they shall behold the land that is very far off. 

Hab. 1: 13 T/iou art of purer eyes than to behold evil, and 
canst not look on iniquity. 

Zee. 9: 17 How great is his goodness, and how great is his 
beauty! 

Kev. 15: 4 Who shall not fear thee, O Lord, and glorify thy 
name ? for thou only art holy : for all nations shall come and 
worship before thee ; for thy judgments are made manifest. 5G.] 

230. God's lidy yrief^ displeasure and controversi/ with sinners. 

Gren. 6: 5 God saw that the wickedness of man was great in 
the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of liis 
heart was only evil continually. G And it repented the Lord 
that he had made man on the earth, and it giieved liim at Ids 
heart. 

Num. 32: 14 Behold, ye are risen up in your fathers' stead, 
an increase of sinful men, to augment yet the fierce anger of 
the Lord toward Israel. 

Dt. 25: 16 All that do such things, and all that do um'ight- 
eously, are an abomination unto the Lord thy God. 

Ps. 7: 11 God judgeth the righteous, and God is angry with 
the wicked every day. 12 If he turn not, he wiU whet his 
Bword; he hath bent his bow, and made it ready. 13 He hath 
also prepared for him the instruments of death ; he ordaineth 
his arrow against the persecutors. — 10: 3 The wicked boasteth 
of his heai't's desire, and blesseth the covetous, W/om the Lord 
id)hoiTeth. — 11:5 The Lord trieth the righteous: but the 
wicked and him that loveth violence his soul hateth. — 78: 40 
How oft did they provoke liim in the wilderness, a7id grieve 
him in the desert ! — 95: 8 Harden not your heai't, as in the 
provocation, and as in the day of temptation in the wilderness : 
9 When your fathers tempted me, proved me, and saw my 
work. 10 Forty years long was I grieved with this genera- 
tion. 

Pr. 11: 20 They that are of a fro ward heart are abomination 
to the Lord : but stich as are upright in their way are his delight. 
— 15: 9 The way of the wicked is an abomination unto the 
Lord ; but he loveth him that followeth after righteousness. 

1G3 



281 ood'8 moral PERFSOnOV. 

Impartiattty of God. 

26 The thoaghts of the wicked are an abomination to the 
Lord : but the words of the pure are pleasant words. 

Jer. 12: 8 Mine heritage is unto me as a lion in the forest; 
it crieth out against me: therefore have I hated it. 

Hos. 7: 2 They consider not in their hearts, that I remember 
all their wickedness : now their own doings have beset them 
about ; they are before my face — 9: 15 All their wickedness 
is in Gilgal : for there I hated them : for the wickedness of 
their doings I will drive them out of mine house, I will love 
them no more : all their princes are revolters. — 12: 2 The 
Lord hath also a controversy with Judah, and will punish 
Jacob according to his ways; according to his doings will he 
recompense him. — 13: 7 I will be unto them as a lion : as a 
leopanl by the way will I observe Uiem, 8 I will meet them 
as a bear that is bereaved of her whelps, and will rend the caul 
of their heart, and there will I devour them like a lion. 

Nah. 1: 6 Who can stand before his indignation? and who 
can abide in the fierceness of his anger ? his fury is poured out 
like fire, and the rocks are thrown down by him. 

Mic. 6: 2 Hear ye, O mountains, the Lord's controversy, 
and ye strong foundations of the earth : for the Lord hath a 
controversy with his people, and he will plead with IsraeL 

Mk. 3: 5 When he had looked round about on them with 
anger, being grieved for the hardness of their hearts, he saith 
mito the man. Stretch forth thine hand. 

Heb. 3: 17 With whom was he grieved forty years ? was it 
not with them that had sinned, whose carcasses fell in the wil- 
derness? 18 And to whom sware he that they should not enter 
into his rest, but to them that believed not ? 

Rev. 6: 16 And said to the mountains and rocks. Fall on 
us, and hide us from the face of him that sitteth on the throne, 
and from the wrath of the Lamb : 17 For the great day of 
his wrath is come, and who shall be able to stand ? 

[See 208, 236, 362, 418, and Punishment, Future.] 

231. Impartiality of God. 

Gren. 18: 25 That be far from thee to do after this manner 
to slay the righteous with the wicked ; and that the righteous 
should be as the wicked, that be far from thee : Shall not the 
Judge of all the earth do right ? 

Dt 10: 17 For the Lord your Grod is God of gods, and 
Lord of lords, a great God, a mighty and a terrible, which 
regardeth not persons, nor taketh reward: 18 He doth exe- 
cute the judgment of the fatherless and widow, and loveth the 
stranger, in giving him food and raiment. 



OOD^S MORAL PEBFSOTIOlf. 282 

Justice and lUghteousDesa. 

2 Ch. 19: 7 Wherefore now let tlie fear of tlie Lord be 
npon you : take heed and do it : for there is no iniquity with 
the Lord our Glod, nor respect of persons, nor taking of 
gifts. 

Ezk. 18: 25 Yet ye say, The way of the Loud is not equal. 
Hear now, O house of Israel ; Is not my way equal ? are not 
your ways unequal ? 

Ac 10: 34 Then Peter opened Ins mouth, and said. Of a 
truth I perceive that God is no respecter of persons. 

Rom. 2: 11 There is no respect of persons with Grod. 

Ep. 6: 9 And ye, masters, do the same things unto them, 
forbearing threatening : kno\sdng that your Ma>*ter also is in 
heaven ; neither is there respect of persons with him. 

1 Pet. 1: 17 And if ye call on the Father, who without 
respect of persons judgeth according to every man's work, pass 
the time of your sojourning here in fear. [See 556.] 

232. Justice and righteousness of God. 

2 Ch. 19: 7 Wherefore now let the fear of the Lord be 
upon you : take heed and do it : for there is no iniquity with 
the Lord our Grod, nor respect of persons, nor taking of 
gifts. 

Job 8: 3 Doth God pervert judgment? or doth the Almighty 
pervert justice? — 34: 12 Yea, surely God will not do wick- 
edly, neither will the Almighty pervert judgment. — 37: 23 
Touching the Almighty, we cannot find him out : he is excel- 
lent in power, and in judgment, and in plenty of justice ; he 
will not afflict. 

Ps. 33: 4 The word of the Lord is right ; and all liis works 
€are done in truth. 5 He loveth righteousness and judgment. 
— 48: 10 Thy right hand is full of righteousness. — 92: 15 
To show that the Lord is upright : he is my rock, and there is 
no unrighteousness in him. — 1)7: 2 Clouds and darkness are 
round about him : righteousness and judgment are the habita- 
tion of his throne. — 111: 3 His work is honorable and glo- 
rious; and his righteousness endureth for ever. — 119: 187 
Righteous art thou, O Lord, and upright are thy judgments. 
188 Thy testimonies t?uit thou hast commanded are righteous 
and very faithful. 142 Thy righteousness is an everlasting 
righteousness, and thy law is the truth. — 145: 17 The Lord 
is righteous in all his ways, and holy in all his works. 

Jer. 9: 24 Let him that glorieth, glory in this, that he under- 
standeth and knoweth me, that I a7n the Lord which exerdse 
loving-kindness, judgment, and righteousness, in the earth : for 
in these things I delight, ssuth the Lord. 

1^ 



283 a<MI*8 XORAL PBBFEOnOH. 

Mercy, Oraoe, and KfndTwwiu 

Rev. 15: 3 They sing the song of Moses, the servant of Grod, 
and the song of the Lamb, saying, Great and marvellous an 
thy works. Lord God Almighty ; just and true are thy ways, 
thou King of saints. 4 Who shall not fear thee, O Lord, and 
glorify thy name ? for thou only art holy : fbr all nations shall 
come and worship before thee ; for thy judgments are made 
manifest. [See 236.] 

233. Mercy ^ groce, and kindness of God, 

Ex. 34: 6 The Lord passed by before him, and proclaimed, 
The Lord, the Lord God, merciful and gracious, long-suffer- 
ing and abundant in goodness and truth, 7 Keeping mercy 
for thousands, foi-giving iniquity and transgression and sin, and 
that will by no means clear the guilty. 

Num. 14: 18 The Lord is long-suffering, and of great 
mercy, forgiving iniquity and transgression, and by no means 
clearing the guilty, 

Dt. 4: 31 (The Lord thy God is a merciful God ;) he will 
not forsake thee, neither destroy thee, nor forget the covenant 
of thy fathers, which he sware unto them. 

Ps. 25: 6 Remember, O Lord, thy tender mercies and thy 
loving-kindnesses ; for they have been ever of old. — 36: 7 
How excellent is thy loving kindness, *0 God ! therefore the 
children of men put their trust under the shadow of thy wings. 
— 86: 5 Thou, Lord, art good, and ready to forgive ; and 
plenteous in mercy unto all them that call upon thee. — 100: 5 
The Lord is good ; his mercy is everlasting ; and his truth 
endureth to all generations. — 103: 8 The Lord is merciful 
and gracious, slow to anger, and plenteous in mercy. 9 He 
will not always chide ; neither will he keep his anger for ever. 
10 He hath not dealt with us ailer our sins ; nor rewarded as 
according to our iniquities. — 106: 44 He regarded their 
affliction when he heard their cry : 45 And he remembered 
for them his covenant, and repented according to the multitude 
of his mercies. — 1 1 6: 5 Gracious is the Lord, and righteous ; 
yea, our GU)d is merciful. — 119: 64 The earth, O Lord, it 
full of thy mercy. — 138: 8 The Lord will perfect that wkieh 
concemeth me: thy mercy, O Lord, endureth for ever: forsake 
not the works of thine own hands. 

Dan. 9: 9 To the Lord our God belong mercies and forgive- 
nesses ; though we have rebelled against him. 

Joel 2: 13 Rend your heart, and not your garments, and 
turn unto the Lord your God : for he is gracious and merd- 
1^1, slow to anger, and of great kindness, and repenteth him of 
the evil. 

166 



OOI/B moral PSBFEOnOV* 234 

Sotereignty. 

Jonah 4: 2 I fled before unto Tarshish: for I knew that thoa 
art a gracious God, and merciful, slow to anger, and of great 
kindness, and repentest thee of the evil. 

Lk. 6: 35 Love je your enemies, and do good, and lend, 
hoping for nothing again; and jour reward sh^ be great, and 
je shall be the children of the Highest : for he is kind unto 
the unthankful and to the evil. 36 Be ye therefore merciful^ 
as your Father also is merciful. 

Ep. 2: 4 God, who is rich in mercy, for his great love wher^ 
with he loved us, 5 Even when we were dead in sins, hatl^ 
quickened us together with Christ ; (by grace ye are saved ;) 
6 And hath raised us up together, and made tis sit together 
in heavenly places, in Christ Jesus : 7 That in the ages to 
come he might show the exceeding riches of his grace in his 
kindness toward us, through Christ Jesus. 

[See 225, 228, 372, 585, 672.] 

S34. Sovereignty ^freedcTn, and independence of God. 

Job 23: 13 He is in one mindy and who can turn him ? and 
wto his soul desireth, even that he doeth. — 33: 13 Why dost 
thou strive against him ? for he giveth not account of any of 
his matters. 

Ps. 115: 3 Our God is in the heavens ; he hath ddne what- 
soever he pleased. — 135: 6 Whatsoever the Lord pleased, 
that did he in heaven, and in earth, in the seas, and all deep 
places. 

Is. 55: 10 As the rain cometh down, and the snow from 
heaven, and retumeth not thither, but watereth the earth, and 
maketh it bring forth and bud, that it may give seed to the 
sower, and bread to the eater: 11 So shall my word be that 
goeth forth out of my mouth : it shaU not return unto me void, 
bat it shall accomplish that which I please, and it shall prosper 
tin the thing whereto I sent it. 

Dan. 4: 35 All the inhabitants of the earth are reputed as 
nothing: and he doeth according to his will in the army of 
heaven, and among the inhabitants of the earth : and none can 
stay his hand, or say unto him. What doest thou ? 

Mat. 11: 25 At that time Jesus answered and said, I thank 
thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, because thou hast 
hid these things from the wise and prudent, and hast revealed 
them unto babes. 26 Even so. Father, for so it seemed good 
in thy sight. — 20: 12 These last have wrought hut one hour, 
and thou hast made them equal unto us, which have borne the 
burden and heat of the day. 13 But he answered one of them, 
and said. Friend, I do thee no wrong: didst not thou agree with 

16T 



235 ood's hobal pebfection. 

Truth. 

me for a penny? 14 Take that thine is and go thy way: I will 
give unto this last, even as unto thee. 15 Is it not lawful for 
me to do what I will Avith mine own ? is thine eye evil because 
I am good ? 1 G So the last shall be first, and the first last: for 
many be called, but fe^v chosen. 

Rom. 9: 15 He saith to Moses, I will have mercy on whom 
I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will 
have compassion. IG So then, it is not of him that willeth, 
nor of him that runneth, but of God that sheweth mercy. 17 
For the scripture saith unto Pharaoh, Even for this same pur- 
pose have 1 raised thee up, that I might shew my power in 
thee, and that my name might be declared throughout aU the 
earth. 18 Therefore hath he mercy on whom he will have 
mercy, and whom he will he hardeneth. 

Ep. 1: 11 Who worketh all things after the counsel of his 
own will. 

Fh. 2: 13 For it is God which worketh in y>u both to will 
and to do of his good i)leasure. [See 240-8.] 

235. Truth of God. 

Ex. 34: 6 The Lord passed by before him, and proclaimed. 
The Lord, the Lord God, merciful and gracious, long-suffer- 
ing, and* abundant in goodness and truth. 

Num. 23: 19 Gk)d is not a man, that he should lie ; neither 
the son of man, that he should repent : hath he said, and 
shall he not do it ? or hath he spoken, and shall he not make 
it good? 

Dt. 32: 4 J5e is the Rock, his work is perfect: for all his 
ways are judgment : a God of truth and without iniquity, jusl 
and right is he. 

1 S. 15: 29 The Strength of Israel will not lie nor repent 
for he is not a man, that he should repent 

Ps. 19: 9 The fear of the Lord is clean, enduring for ever 
the judgments of the Lord are true a7id righteous altogether. 
— 89: 14 Justice and judgment are the habitation of thy 
throne : mercy and truth shall go beibre thy face. — 100: 5 
The Lord is good ; his mercy is everlasting ; and his tratb 
endurcth to all generations. — 119: 142 Thy righteousness is 
an everlasting righteousness, and thy law is the truth. — 146: 6 
Which keepeth truth for ever. 

Is. 25: 1 Thy counsels of old are faithfulness and truth. 

Dan. 4: 37 I Nebuchadnezzar praise and extol and honor 
the King of heaven, all of whose works are truth, and his ways 
judgment. 

Rev. 15: 3 They sing the song of Moses, the servant of God, 
168 



god's moral pebfeotion. 236 



Tindicative Justice. 



and the song of the Lamb, saying, Great and marvellous (xn 
thy works. Lord Grod Almighty ; just and true are thy ways^ 
thou King of saints. [See 226.] 

236. Vindicative justice of God. 

£x. 15: 3 The Lord is a man of war : the Lord is his name. 

Dt. 4: 24 For the Lord thy Grod is a consuming fire, even a 
jealous God. — 32: 35 To me belongeth vengeance, and recom- 
pense ; their foot shall slide in due time : for the day of their 
calamity is at hand, and the things that shall come upon them 
make haste. 39 Sec now tliat I, even I, am he, and there is no 
god with me : I kill, and I make alive : I wound, and I heal : 
neither is there any that can deliver out of my hand. 40 For 
I lift up my hand to heaven, and say, I live for ever. 41 K I 
whet my glittering sword, and mine hand take hold on judg- 
ment ; I will render vengeance to mine enemies, and will 
reward them that hate me. 42 I will make mine arrows drunk 
with blood, and my sword shall devour flesh; and ^Ao^ with the 
blood of the slain and of the captives from the beginning of 
revenges upon the enemy. 

Ps. 78: 49 He cast upon them the fierceness of his anger, 
wrath, and indignation, and trouble, by sending evil angels 
among them. 50 He made a way to his anger ; he spared not 
their soul from death, but gave their hfe over to the pestilence; 
51 And smote all the first-bora in Egypt ; the chief of their 
strength, in the tabernacles of Ham. — 97: 3 A iire goeth before 
him, and burneth up lijs enemies round about. 

Is. 30: 27 Behold, the name of the Lord cometh from far, 
burning loiih his anger, and the burden thereof is heavy : his 
lips are full of indignation, and his tongue as a devouring fire. 

— 35: 4 Say to them that are of a fearful heart, Be strong, 
fear not: behold, your God will come with vengeance, even 
Grod laith a recompense ; he wOl come and save you. — 59: 17 
He put on righteousness as a breastplate, and an helmet of 
salvation upon his head ; and he put on the garments of ven- 
geance for clothing, and was clad with zeal as a cloak. 18 
According to their deeds, accordingly he will repay, fury to his 
adversaries, recompense to his enemies ; to the islands he will 
repay recompense. 19 So shall they fear the name of the 
Lord from the west, and his glory from the rising of the sun. 

— 66: 14 The hand of the Lord shall be known toward his 
servants, and his indignation toward his enemies. 15 For 
behold, the Lord will come with fire, and with his chariots like 
a whirlwind, to render his anger with fury, and his rebuke witli 

flames of fire. 

15 169 



887 ood's moral pebfectiok. 

TindicatiTe Justice amiable. 

Lam. 2: 4 He hath bent his bow like an enemy : he stood 
with his right hand as an adversary, and slew aJl that were 
pleasant to the eye in the tabernacle of the daughter of Zicm : 
ne poured out his fury like fire. 

Ezk. 7: 8 Now wiU I shortly pour out my fury upon thee, 
and accomplish mine anger upon thee : and I will judge thee 
according to thy ways, and will recompense thee for all thine 
abominations. 

Nah. 1: 2 God is jealous, and the Lord revengeth : the 
Lord revengeth, and ts furious : the Lord will take vengeance 
on his adversaries, and he reserveth ivrath for his enemies. 6 
Who can stand before his indignation ? and who can abide in 
the fierceness of his anger ? his fury is poured out like fire, 
and the rocks are thrown down by him. 

Bom. 3: 5 Is God unrighteous, who taketh vengeance? (I 
speak as a man,) 6 God forbid : for then how shall God 
judge the world? — 11: 22 Behold therefore the goodness and 
severity of God: on them which fell, severity: but toward thee, 
goodness, if thou continue in his goodness : otherwise thou also 
shalt be cut off. — 12: 19 Dearly beloved, avenge not your- 
selves, but rather give place unto wrath : for it is written, Ven- 
geance is mine ; I will repay, saith the Lord. 

2 Cor. 5: 11 Knowing therefore the terror of the Lord, we 
persuade men ; but we are made manifest unto God ; and I 
trust also are made manifest in your consciences. 

2 Th. 1: 6 Seeing it is a righteous thing with God to recom- 
pense tribulation to them that trouble you, 7 And to you, who are 
troubled, rest with us, when the Lord Jesus shall be revealed 
£rom heaven with his mighty angels, 8 In fiaming fire taking 
yengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the 
gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ. 

Heb. 12: 29 Our God is a consuming fire. [Ps. 18: 6 — 14.] 

[See 230, 232, and Punishment future.] 

237. God's vindicatioe justice amiable^ desirable and comforting. 

Dt 32: 43 Rejoice, O ye nations, ^Dith his people : for he will 
avenge the blood of his servants, and will render vengeance 
to his adversaries, and will be merciful unto his land, and to 
his people. 

Ps. 28: 4 Give them according to their deeds, and according 
to the wickedness of their endeavors : give them after the work 
•<rf their hands ; render to them their desert. 5 Because they 
regard not the works of the Lord, nor the operaticm of his 
Inuads. — 48: 11 Let mount Zion rejoice, let the daughters of 
Judah be glad, because of thy judgments. — 58: 9 He shall 
170 



OOD'a MORAL PERFECTION. S88 



Zeal of God. 



take them awaj as with a whirlwind, both living and in his 
wrath. 10 The righteous shall rejoice when he seeth the 
vengeance : he shall wash his feet in the blood of the wicked. — 
97: 8 Zion heard, and was glad ; and the daughters of Judah 
rejoiced because of thy judgments, O Lord. — 13G: 1 O give 
thanks unto the Lord ; for he is good : for his mercy endureth 
for ever. 10 To him that smote Egypt in their first-bom : 
for his mercy endureth for ever: 11 And brought out Israel 
from among them : for his mercy endureth for ever. [See the 
whole PsaJm.] 

Jer. 11: 19 I was like a lamb or an ox that is brought to 
the slaughter ; and I knew not that they had devised devices 
against me, saying^ Let us destroy the tree with the fruit 
thereof, and let us cut him off from the land of the living, that 
his name may be no more remembered. 20 But, O Lord 
of hosts, that judgest righteously, that triest the reins and the 
heart, let me see thy vengeance on them : for unto thee have I 
revealed my cause. 

Ezk. 5: 18 Thus shall mine anger be accomplished, and I 
will cause my fury to rest upon them, and I will be comforted : 
and they shall know that I the Lord have spoken it in mj 
zeal, when I have accomplished my fury in them. 

[See 88, 571.] 

238. Zeal of God. 

Dt. 7: 10 He will not be slack to him that hateth him, he 
will repay him to his face. 

Is. 9: 7 Of the increase of his government and peace there 
thaU he no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom 
to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice 
from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the Lord of hosts 
will perform this. — 40: 28 Hast thou not known ? hast thou 
not heard, that the everlasting God, the Lord, the Creator of 
the ends of the earth, fainteth not, neither is weary? — 59: 17 
He put on righteousness as a breastplate, and a helmet of salva- 
tion upon his head ; and he put on the garments of vengeance 
for clothing, and was clad with zeal as a cloak. 

Ezk. 5: 13 Thus shall mine anger be accomplished, and I 
will cause my fury to rest upon them, and I will be comforted : 
and they shall know that I the Lord have spoken it in my 
zeal, when I have accomplished my fury in them. 

2 Pet. 3: 9 The Lord is not slack concerning his promise, as 
some men count slackness. [See 208.1 

171 



289 — ^241 god's PBEBOOATiyBS. 

Of Property in us — oyer Natural Law — To giye Moral Iaw. 

PREROGATIVES, OR RIGHTS OF GOD. 

239. God's right of property in his creatures. 

1 Ch. 29: 11 All that is in the heaven and in the earth is 
thine. 

Ps. 24: 1 The earth is the Lord's, and the fulness thereof; 
the world, and thej that dwell therein. — 50: 10 Every beast 
of the forest is mine, and the cattle upon a thousand lulls. 11 
I know all the fowls of the mountains : and the wild beasts of 
the field are mine. 12 If I were hungry, I would not teU thee: 
for the world is mine and the fulness thereof. — 95: 5 The sea 
is his, and he made it : and his hands formed the dry land. 6 
O come, let us woi*ship and bow down : let us kneel before the 
Lord our maker. 7 For he is our God ; and we are the people 
of his pasture, and the slieep of his hand. — 100: 3 The Lord 
he is God : it is he that hath made us, and not we ourselves ; 
we are his people, and tlic sheep of his pasture. 

Ezk. 18: 4 Behold, all souls are mine ; as the soul of the 
father, so also the soul of the son is mine. 

Rom. 14: 8 Whether we live, therefore, or die, we are the 
Lord*s. 

240. Gods right to establish and control natural law. 

Job 38: 33 Kiiowest thou the ordinances of heaven ? 

Ps. 119: 90 Thou hast established the earth, and it abideth. 
91 They continue this day according to thine ordinances. 

Pr. 3: 19 The Lord by wisdom hath founded the earth; by 
understanding hath he established the heavens. 

Jer. 31: 35 Thus saith the Lord, which giveth the sun for a 
light by day, and the ordinances of the moon and of the stars for 
a light by night, which divideth the sea when the waves thereof 
roar; The Lord of hosts is liis name. — 33: 25 Thus saith the 
Lord ; If my covenant be not with day and night, and ifl have 
not appointed the ordinances of heaven and earth ; 26 Then 
will I cast away the seed of Jacob. 

241. Gods right to give supreme morcd law. 

Ex. 20: 2 I am the Lord thy God, which have brought thee 
out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. 3 Thou 
shalt have no other gods before me. 

1 Ch. 29: 1 1 Thine is the kingdom, O Lord, and thou art 
exalted as head above all. 

Mat. 4: 10 Then saith Jesus unto him, Get thee hence, Satan : 
for it is writteij. Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and 
172 



GOI>'S FBEBOOATITBS. 242 

To Aqgenerate or not. 

him only shalt thoa serve. — 22: 37 Jesus said unto him, Thou 
shalt love the Lord thy Ckxl with all thy heart, and with all 
thy soul, and with all thy mind. 38 This is the first and 
great commandment. [Sc^ 280.] 

242. Go^s right to regenerate^ or not — to give or withhold iuocesa to 
wieans — and toform^ turn and control the hearts of men, 

Dt 29: 4 The Lord hath not given you an heart to perceive, 
and eyes to see, and ears to hear, unto this day. 

1 S. 26: 19 Now therefore, I pray thee, let my lord the king 
hear the words of his servant If the Lord have stirred thee 
up against me, let him accept an offering : but if they be the 
chil£«n of men, cursed be they before the Lord ; for they have 
driven me out this day from abiding in the inheritance of the 
Lord, saying, Go serve other gods. 

Ps. 33: 14 From the place of his habitation he looketh upon 
all the inhabitants of the earth. 15 He fashioneth their hearts 
alike ; he considereth all their works. 

Is. 45: 9 Wo unto him that striveth with his Maker I Let 
the potsherd strive with the potsherds of the earth. Shall the 
day say to him that fashioneth it, What makest thou ? or thy 
work. He hath no hands ? 

Mat 13: 10 The disciples came, and said unto him, Why 
speakest thou unto them in parables? 11 He answered and 
said unto them. Because it is given unto you to know the mys- 
teries of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it is not given. — 
20: 15 Is it not lawful for me to do what I will with mine 
own? is thine eye evil because I am good? 16 So the last 
shall be first, and the first last : for many be called, but few 
chosen. 

Rom. 9: 20 Nay but, O man, who art thou that repliest 
against God ? Shall the thing formed say to him that formed 
ity Why hast thou made me thus ? 21 Hath riot the potter 
power over the clay, of the same lump to make one vessel unto 
honor, and another unto dishonor ? 22 What if God, willing 
to shew his wrath, and to make his power known, endured 
with much long-suffering the vessels of wrath fitted to destruc- 
tion : 23 And that he might make known the riches of his 
gjory on the vessels of mercy, which he had afore prepared 
unto glory. 

2 Tim. 2: 25 In meekness instructing those that oppose 
themselves; if Grod peradventure will give them repentance to 
the acknowledging of the truth. 

[See 234, 264, 435.] 

15* 173 



248, 244 god's pbebogatiybs. 

To try TIB by Tempters — To require Human life. 

243. God's right to try us by tempters^ temptations^ and stumbling-blocks. 

Dt. 13: 1 K there arise among you a prophet, or a dreamer 
of dreams, and giveth thee a sign or a wonder, 2 And the sign 
or the wonder come to pass, whereof he spake mito thee, saying, 
Let us go after other gods, which thou hast not known, and let 
us serve them ; 3 Thou shalt not hearken unto the words of 
that prophet, or that dreamer of dreams : for the Lord your 
Grod proveth you, to know whether ye love the Lord your God 
with all your heart and with all your soul. 

1 K. 22: 20 The Lord said. Who shall persuade Ahab, that 
he may go up and fall at Ramoth-gilead ? And one said on 
this manner, and another said on that manner. 21 And there 
came forth a spirit, and stood before the Lord, and said, I will 
persuade him. 22 And the Lord said unto him, Wherewith ? 
And he said, I will go forth, and I will be a lying spirit in the 
mouth of all his prophets. And he said. Thou shalt persuade 
hi7n, and prevail also : go forth, and do so. 23 Behold, the 
Lord hath put a lying spii-it in the mouth of all these thy 
prophets, and the Lord hath spoken evil concerning thee. 

Job 2: 6 The Lord said imto Satan, Behold, he is in thine 
hand ; but save his life. 7 So went Satan forth from the pres- 
ence of the Lord, and smote Job with sore boils from the sole 
of his foot unto his crown. 

Jer. 6: 21 Thus saith the Lord, Behold, I will lay stumbling- 
blocks before this people, and the fathers and the sons together 
shall fall upon them ; the neighbor and his friend shall perish. 

Ezk. 3: 20 When a righteous man doth turn from his right- 
eousness, and commit iniquity, and I lay a stumbling-block 
before him, he shall die. 

Mat. 4: 1 Then was Jesus led up of the Spirit into the wilder- 
ness to be tempted of the devil. 

1 Cor. 11: 19 There must be also heresies among you, that 
they which are approved may be made manifest among you. 

244. Gods right to require human life at his pleasure. 

Gen 22: 2 He said, Take now thy son, thine only son Isaac, 
whom thou lovest, and get thee into the land of Moriah ; and 
offer him therefor a burnt-offering. 

Dt. 20: 16 Of the cities of these people which the Lord thy 
God doth give thee for an inheritance, thou shalt save alive 
nothing that breatheth : 17 But thou shalt utterly destroy them, 
namely, the Hittites, and the Amorites, the Canaanites, and the 
Perizzites, the Ilivites, and the Jebusites, as the Lord thy God 
17 i 



god's PBEBOGMLTiyES. 245 — ^248 

To appoint Rulers — to visit Iniquity — to use Men — to Tindicate. 

bath commanded thee : 18 That they teach you not to do after 
all their abominations which they have done unto their gods ; 
80 should ye sin against the Lord your God. 

1 S. 15: 3 Gro and smite Amalek, and utterly destroy all that 
they have, and spare them not ; but slay both man and woman, 
infant and suckling, ox and sheep, camel and ass. 

245. GocTs right to appoint rulers and statutes in judgment. 

1 EL 19: 15 The Lord said unto him, Gro, return on thy way 
to the wilderness of Damascus : and when thou comest, anoint 
Hazael to be king over Syria. 

2 EL 8: 12 Hazael said, Why weepeth my lord? And he 
answered, Because I know the evil that thou wilt do unto the 
children of Israel. 

£zk. 20: 24 Because they had not executed my judgments, 
but had despised my statutes, and had polluted my Sabbaths, 
and their eyes were afler their fathers' idols. 25 Wherefore 
I gave them also statutes that were not good, and judgments 
whereby they should not live ; 26 And I polluted them in their 
own gifts, in that they caused to pass through the fire all that 
openeth the womb, that I might make them desolate, to the end 
that they might know that I am the Lord. 

Dan. 4: 17 The Most High ruleth in the kingdom of men, 
and giveth it to whomsoever he will, and setteth up over it the 
basest of men. 

Hos. 13: 11 I gave thee a king in mine anger, and took him 
away in my wrath. 

246. Gods right to visit the iniquity of fathers upon children^ etc. 

Ex. 20: 5 I the Lord thy God am a jealous Gk)d, visiting 
the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and 
fourth generation of them that hate me ; 6 And shewing mercy 
unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my command- 
ments. [See 497.] 

247. Gods right to use men instrumenially. 

1 Ch. 6: 15 Jehozadak went into captivity, when the Lord 
carried away Judah and Jerusalem by the hand of Nebuchad- 
nezzar. [See 265.] 

248. Gods right to vindicate himself and servants. 

Dt 32: 35 To me belongeth vengeance, and recompense, 
[See 558.] 

175 



840—253 ood's pubposes. 



Potet— Immutable — Unitersal — incladB evfls. 



PURPOSES OF GOD. 

249. God has a perfect plan of operations. 

Dt 32: 4 He is the Bock, his work 19 perfect 
Ec 3: 14 I know that, whatsoever God doeth, it shall be 
for ever : nothing can be put to it, nor way thing taken &om 
it: and Grod doeth it, that men should fear before him. 
[See 304.] 

250. TTie purposes of God eternal and immutable. 

Pb. 33: 11 The counsel of the Lord standeth for ever, the 
thoughts of his heart to all generations. 

Pr. 19: 21 There are many devices in a man's heart ; never- 
theless the counsel of the Lord, that shall stand. 

Is. 14: 24 The Lord of hosts hath sworn, saying. Surely as 
I have thought, so shall it come to pass ; and as I have pur- 
posed, so shall it stand. 27 For the Lord of hosts hath pur- 
posed, and who shall disannul it ? and his hand is stretched 
out, and who shall turn it back ? — 46: 9 I am God, and there 
is none else ; lam Grod, and there is none like me, 10 Declar- 
ing the end from the beginning, and from ancient times the things 
that are not yet done, saying, My counsel shall stand, and I will 
do all my pleasure. 

£p. 3: 11 According to the eternal purpose which he pur- 
posed in Christ Jesus our Lord. [See 217.] 

251. The purposes of God universai and particular. 

Job 14: 5 Seeing his days are determined, the number of his 
months are with thee, thou hast appointed his bounds that he 
cannot pass. 

Is. 14: 26 This is the purpose that is purposed upon the 
whole earth : and this is the hand that is stretched out upon 
all the nations. 

Ac 17: 26 Hath made of one blood all nations of men for 
to dwell on all the face of the earth, and hath determined the 
times before appointed, and the bounds of their habitation. 

Ep. 1:11 In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, 
being predestinated according to the purpose of him who 
worketh all things after the counsel of his own will. See [307.] 

252. Purposes of God include natural and moral evil. 

Ac 2: 23 Him, being delivered by the determinate counsel 

and foreknowledge of God, ye have taken, and by wicked 

hands have crucified and slain. — ^ 4: 27 Of a truth against thy 

holy child Jesus, \> hom thou hast anointed, both Herod, and 

176 



ooD'a PURPOSES. 253, 254 



National Election— Individual Election. 



Pontius Pilate, with the Gentiles, and the people of Israel, 
were gathered together, 28 For to do whatsoever thy hand 
and thy counsel determined before to be done. — 13: 29 When 
they had fulfilled all that was written of him, they took him 
down from the tree, and laid him in a sepulchre. 

1 Pet, 2: 8 A stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence, even to 
them which stumble at the word, being disobedient : whereunto 
also they were appointed. 

Jude 4 Tliere are certain men crept in unawares, who were 
before of old ordained to this condemnation, ungodly men, 
turning the grace of our Grod into lasciviousness, and denying 
the only Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ. 

Rev. 17: 17 God hath put in their hearts to fulfil his will, 
and to agree, and give their kingdom unto the beast, irntil 
the words of God shaU be fulfilled. [See 3, 264-7.] 

253. National election. 

Dt 4: 20 The Lord hath taken you, and brought you forth 
out of the iron furnace, even out of Egypt, to be unto him a 
people of inheritance, as ye are this day. — 7: 6 Thou art an 
holy people unto the Lord thy God : the Lord thy God hath 
chosen thee to be a special i)eople unto himself, above all peo- 
ple that arc upon the face of the eaith. — 32: 9 The Lord's 
portion is his people; Jocob is the lot of liis inheritance. 10 
He found him in a desert land, and in the waste howling wilder- 
ness ; he led him about, he instructed him, he kept him as the 
apple of his eye. 

Ps. 33: 12 Blessed is the nation whose God is the Lord ; 
and the people whom he liath chosen for his own inheritance. 

Is. 45: 4 For Jacob my servant's sake, and Israel mine elect, 
I have even called thee by thy name. 

Rom. 3: 1 AVTiat advantage then hath the Jew ? or what 
profit is there of circumcision ? 2 Much every way : chiefly, 
because that unto them were committed the oracles of God. — 
9: 4 Who are Israelites ; to whom pertaineth the adoption, and 
the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and 
the service of Gfod, and the promises. 

254. Individual election. 

Mat. 20: 16 So the last shall be first, and the first last : for 
many be called, but few chosen. — 24: 22 For the elect's sake 
those days shall be shortened. 

Jn. 13: 18 I speak not of you all ; I know whom I have 
chosen. — 15: 16 Ye have not chosen me, but I have chosen 
you, and ordained you, that ye should go and bring forth fruit, 

177 



254 god's purposes. 



Indiyi Itial Election. 



and that your fruit should remain. 19 K ye were of the world, 
the world would love his own ; but because ye are not of the 
world, but I have chosen you out of the world, therefore the 
world hateth you. 

Ac 13: 48 When the Gentiles heard this, they were glad, 
and glorified the word of the Lord : and as many as were 
ordained to eternal life, believed. 

Rom. 8: 28 We know that all things work together for good 
to them that love God, to them who are the called according to hi 8 
purpose. 29 For whom he did foreknow, he also did predes- 
tinate to he conformed to the image of his Son, that he might 
be the first-bom among many brethren. — 9: 10 Not only tJds ; 
but when Rebecca also had conceived by one, even by our 
fiither Isaac. 11 (For ^^e c/ttYc/re?* being not yet bom, neither 
having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God, accord- 
ing to election might stand, not of works, but of him that 
calleth ;) 12 It was said unto her. The elder shall serve the 
younger. 13 As it is written, Jacob have I loved, iut Esau 
have I hated. 14 What shall we say then? Is there unright- 
eousness with God? God forbid. 15 For he saith to Moses: 
I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have 
compassion on whom I will have compassion. — 11: 5 Even so 
then at this present time also there is a remnant according to 
the election of grace. 7 What then ? Israel hath not obtained 
that which he seeketh for ; but the election hath obtained it, 
and the rest were blinded. 

Ep. 1: 4 According as he hath chosen us in him, before 
the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and 
without blame before him in love : 5 Having predestinated 
us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, 
according to the good pleasure of his will, 6 To the praise of 
the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in 
the Beloved. 11 In whom also we have obtained an inheri- 
tance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who 
worketh all things after the counsel of his own will. 

1 Th. 1: 4 Knowing, brethren beloved, your election of Grod. 
— 5:9 God hath not appointed us to wrath, but to obtain sal- 
vation by our Lord Jesus Christ. 

2 Th. 2: 13 We are bound to give thinks always to God for 
you, brethren beloved of the Lord, because God hath from the 
beginning chosen you to salvation, through sanctification of 
the Spirit, and belief of the truth. 

1 Pet. 1: 2 Elect according to the foreknowledge of God 
the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience 
and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ. [See 234, 242, 584.] 
178 



god's purposeb. 255 — 257 



Beotlon before fidth — Yeeeds of Wrath — Ideaiis and Bnds. 

255. Electum premous to faith, 

£p. 1: 4 According as he hath chosen us in him, before the 
foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without 
blame before him in love. 

Bev. 17: 8 The beast that thou sawest, was, and is not ; and 
ahall ascend out of the bottomless pit, and go into perdition : 
and they that dwell on the earth shall wonder, (whose names 
were not written in the book of life from the foundation of the 
world,) when they behold the beast that was, and is not, and 
yet is. 

256. Purposes respecting the ^ vessels of wrtxthP — reprobation, 

Ex. 9: 16 In very deed for this cause have I raised thee 
op, for to shew in thee my power ; and that my name may be 
declared throughout aU the e^rth. 

Pr. 16: 4 The Lord hath made all things for himself: yea, 
even the wicked for the day of evil. 

Mk. 4: 11 He said unto them, Unto you it is given to know 
the mystery of the kingdom of God : but unto them that are 
without, all these things are done in parables : 12 That seeing 
they may see, and not perceive ; and hearing they may hear, 
and not understand ; lest at any time they should be converted, 
and their sins should be forgiven them. 

Bom. 9: 17 The Scripture saithunto Pharaoh, Even fortius 
same purpose have I raised thee up, that I might shew my 
power in thee, and that my name might be declared through- 
oat all the earth. 22 What if God, willing to shew his wrath, 
and to make his power known, endured with much long-suffer- 
ing the vessels of wrath fitted to destruction : 23 And that he 
might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of 
mercy, which he had afore prepared unto glory. 

2 Cor. 13: 5 Examine yourselves, whether ye be in the faith ; 
prove your own selves. Know ye not your own selves, how 
that Jesus Christ is in you, except ye be reprobates ? 6 But 
I trust that ye shaU know that we are not reprobates. 

2 Pet. 2: 12 These, as natural brute beasts, made to be 
taken and destroyed, speak evil, of the things that they under- 
stand not ; and shall utterly perish in their own corruption. 

[See 252, 260, 267, 435, 436, 560.] 

S57. God's purposes include means and ends, 

Ac 27: 22 Now I exhort you to be of good cheer: for 
there shall be no loss of any man^s life among you, but of the 
ship. 23 For there stood by me this night die angel of God, 



25Sf 259 god's pboyidence ob agekct. 

Nature and efficacy of. 

whose I am, and whom I serve, 24 Saying, Fear not, Paal ; 
thou must be brought before Cesar : and lo, Grod hath given 
thee all them that saS with thee. 30 And as the shipmen were 
about to flee out of the ship, when they had let down the boat 
into the sea, under color as though they would have cast 
anchors out of the foreship, 31 Paul said to the centurion, and 
to the soldiers. Except these abide in the ship, ye cannot be 
saved. 

2 Th. 2: 13 We are bound to give thanks always to God for 
you, brethren beloved of the Lord, because God hath from the 
beginning chosen you to salvation, through sanctiflcation of the 
Spirit, and belief of the truth. 

1 Pet. 1: 2 Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the 
Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and 
sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ. [See 17, (3).] 

258. Gods pwposes encourage the use of means. 

X)an. 9: 2 In the first year of his reign I Daniel understood by 
books the number of the years, whereof the word of the Lord 
came to Jeremiah the prophet, that he would accomplish 
seventy years in the desolations of Jerusalem. And I set my 
fece unto the Lord God, to seek by prayer and supplications, 
with fasting, and sackcloth, and ashes. 

Ac. 18: y Then spake the Lord to Paul in the night by a 
vision. Be not afraid, but speak, and hold not thy peace : 10 
For I am with thee, and no man shall set on thee, to hurt thee : 
for I have much people in this city. 11 And he continued 
there a year and six months, teaching the word of Grod among 
them. [See 431.] 

PROVIDENCE OR AGENCY OF GOD. 

259. Nature and efficacy of God's providence, 

Gren. 1: 3 GU)d said. Let there be light : and there was 
light 

Ps. 29: 4 The voice of the Lord is powerful ; the voice of 
the Lord is full of majesty. 5 The voice of the Lord 
breaketh the cedars ; yea, the Lord breaketh the cedars of 
Lebanon. G He maketh them also to skip like a calf; Lebanon 
and Sirion like a young unicorn. 7 The voice of the Lord 
divideth the flames of fire. 8 The voice of the Lord shaketh 
the wilderness ; the Lord shaketh the wilderness of Kadesh. 
9 The voice of the Lord maketh the hinds to calve. — 33: 6 
By the word of the Lord were the heavens made ; and all the 
host of them by the breath of his mouth. 8 Let aU the earth 
180 



001>*8 FBOTIDSNOB OB AOENOT. 260 



Partleiilaritj and extent of. 



the Lord : let all the inhabitants of the world stand in 
awe of lum. 9 He spake, and it was done ; he commanded, 
and it stood fast. — 66: 7 He ruleth by his power for ever ; 
his eyes behold the nations: let not the rebellious exalt 
themselves. 

Heb. 11: 3 Through faith we understand that the worlds 
were framed by the word of God, so that things which are 
seen were not made of things which do appear. [See 218.] 

2150. Particularity and extent of God's providence. 

1 Ch. 29: 12 Both riches and honor come of thee, and thou 
reignest over all ; and in thine hand is power and might ; and 
in thine hand it is to make great, and to give strength unto 
all. 

Ps. 135: 6 Whatsoever the Lord pleased, that did he in 
heaven, and in earth, in the seas, and all deep places. 7 Ho 
causeth the vapors to ascend from the ends of the earth; he 
maketh lightnings for th^ rain ; he bringeth the wind out of his 
treasuries. — 147: 8 Who covereth the heaven with clouds, who 
piepareth rain for the earth, who maketh grass to grow upon 
the mountains. 9 He giveth to the beast his food, and to the 
young ravens which cry. 15 He sendeth forth his command- 
ment upon earth : his word runneth very swiftly. 16 He giveth 
snow hke wool : he scattereth the hoar-frost like ashes. 17 He 
casteth forth his ice like morsels : who can stand before his 
cold ? 18 He sendeth out his word, and melteth them : he 
causeth his wind to blow, and the waters flow. 

Pr. 16: 33 The lot is cast into the lap ; but the whole dis- 
posing thereof is of the Lord. 

Is. 26: 12 Lord, thou wilt ordain peace for us : for thou also 
hastwrought all our works in us. — 45: 7 I form the light, and 
create darkness: I make peace, and create evil : I the Lord 
do all these things. 

Jer. 10: 13 When he uttereth his voice, there is a multitude 
of waters in the heavens, and he causeth the vapors to ascend 
£rom the ends of the earth ; he maketh lightnings with rain, 
and bringeth forth the wind out of his treasures. 

Am. 3: 6 Shall there be evil in a city, and the Lord hath not 
dcme itf 

Mat. 10: 29 Are not two sparrows sold for a farthing ? and 
one of them shall not fall on the ground without your Father. 
dO But the very hairs of your head are all numbered. 

Bom. 11: 36 For of him, and through him, and to him are 
all things : to whom be glory for ever. 

16 181 



261, 262 ood's fbovidbnob ob AoxiroT. 

ProTisionfor all — Depondacoe of creatarei. 

1 Cor. 12: 6 There are diversities of operationsy but it is the 
same Grod, which worketh all in all. 

Ep. 1: 11 In whom also we have obtained an inherit^tnoey 
being predestinated according to the purpose of him who 
worketh all things after the counsel of his own will. 

Ph. 2: 13 It is God which worketh in you both to will and 
to do of his good pleasure. 

Heb. 13: 20 The Grod of peace, that brought again from the 
dead our Lord Jesus, that great Shepherd of the sheep, through 
the blood of the everlasting covenant, 21 Make you perfect in 
every good work, to do his will, working in you that which is 
well-pleasing in his sight, through Jesus Christ ; to whom be 
glory for ever and ever. [See 3, 264 — 7.] 

261. Providence supplies temporal wants. 

Ps. 104: 14 He causeth the grass to grow for the cattle, and 
herb for the service of man : that he may bring forth food out 
of the earth. 21 The young lions roar after their prey, and 
seek their meat from God. 27 These wait all upon thee ; that 
thou mayest give tliem their meat in due season. 28 That thou 
givest them, they gather: thou openest thy hand, they are 
filled with good. 

Mat. 5: 45 He maketh his sun to rise on the evil and on the 
good, and sendeth rain on the just and on the unjust. — 6: 2S 
Behold the fowls of the air : for they sow not, neither do they 
reap, nor gather into bams ; yet your heavenly Father feedeth 
them. 28 And why take ye thought for raiment? Consider 
the hlies of the field how they grow ; they toil not, neither do 
they spin ; 29 And yet I say unto you. That even Solomon in 
all his glory was not arrayed like one of these. 30 Where- 
fore, if God so clothe the grass of the field, which to-day is, and 
to-morrow is cast into the oven, shall he not much more cloths 
you, O ye of little faith ? 

262. All creatures dependant upon God*s providence. 

Job. 12: 10 In whose hand is the soul of every living thing, 
and the breath of all mankind. [Dan. 5: 23.] 

Ps. 22: 29 None can keep alive his own soul. — 87: 7 All 
my springs are in thee. 

Jer. 10: 23 O Lord, I know that the way of man is not in 
himself: it is not in man that walketh to direct his steps. — 
3 8: 6 Behold, as the clay is in the potter's hand, so are ye in 
my hand, O house of Israel. 

Jn. 15^: 5 Without me ye can do nothing. 

Ac. 17: 26 Hath made of one blood all natioiis of meQ 
J 82 



QOlfS FHOYIDElfCE OR AOENOT. 263, 264 

Preserves creatures — Controls the Ileart. 

for to dwell on all the face of the earth, and hath determined 
the tnnes before appointed, and the bounds of their habitation ; 
27 That they should seek the Lord, if haply they might feel 
after him, and find him, though he be not far from every one 
of us : 28 For in him we live, and move, and have our being ; 
as certwn also of your own poets have said, For we are also 
his ofiTspring. 

2 Cor. 3: 5 Not that we are sufficient of ourselves to think 
any thing as of ourselves ; but our sufficiency is of God. 

263. AU creatures preserved by God's providence. 

Neh. 9: 6 Thou, even thou, art Lord alone ; thou hast made 
heaven, the heaven of heavens, with all their host, the earth, 
and all things that are therein, the seas, and all that is therein, 
and thou preservest them all. 

Job. 7: 20 I have sinned ; what shall I do unto thee, O thou 
Preserver of men? — 10:12 Thy visitation hath preserved 
my spirit. — 34: 14 If he set his heart upon man, if he gather 
unto himself his spirit and his breath ; 15 All flesh shall perish 
together, and man shall turn again unto dust. 

Ps. 36: 6 O Lord, thou preservest man and beast. — 63: 8 
Thy right hand upholdeth me. — 66: 8 O bless our Grod, ye 
people, and make the voice of his praise to be heard : 9 Which 
holdeth our soul in life, and sufFereth not our feet to be moved. 
•— 121: 7 The Lord shall preserve thee from all evil : he shall 
preserve thy soul. 

Pr. 24: 12 He that keepeth thy soul, doth not he know it ? 

Heb. 1: 3 Upholding all things by the word of his power. 

264. Godforms^ turns and governs the heart. 

1 Ch. 5: 26 The Grod of Israel stirred up the spirit of Pul 
king of Assyria, and the spirit of Tilgath-pilneser king of 
Assyria, and he carried them away, even the Reubenites, and 
the Gradites, and the half-tribe of Manasseh. 

2 Ch. 18: 31 They compassed about him to fight: but 
Jehoshaphat cried out, and the Lord helped him ; and God 
moved them to depart from him. 

Ezra 6: 22 And kept the' feast of unleavened bread seven 
days with joy: for the Lord had made them joyful, and 
turned the heart of the king of Assyria unto them, to strengthen* 
their hands in the work of the house of God, the God of 
Israel. — 7: 27 Blessed he the Lord God of our fathers, which 
hath put such a thing as this in the king's heart, to beautify the 
Loose of the Lord which is in Jerusalem. 

Pr. 16: 1 The preparations of the heart in man, and the 



265 ood's pboyidbncb ob AGsvcnr. 

Employs men instramentally. 

answer of the tongue, is from the Lord. 9 A man's heart de- 
viseth his way : but the Lord directeth his steps. — 21: 1 The 
king's heart is in the hand of the Lord, as the riyers of wa- 
ter : he tumeth it whithersoever he will. 

Is. 64: 8 Now, O Lord, thou art our Father ; we are the 
day, and thou our potter ; and we all are the work of thy 
hand. 

Zee 12: 1 The burden of the word of the Lord for Israel, 
saith the Lord, which stretcheth forth the heavens, and layeth 
the foundation of the earth, and formeth the spirit of man 
within him. 

Ac 16: 14 A certain woman named Lydia, a seller of pur- 
ple, of the city of Thyatira, which worshipped Grod, heard ti«: 
whose heart the Lord opened, that she attended unto the things 
which were spoken of PauL [See 242 — 6.] 

265. God employs men as his instruments. 

2 S. 7: 14 I will be his father, and- he shall be my son. If 
he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, 
and with the stripes of the children of men. 

2 K. 5: 1 Now Naaman, captain of the host of the king of 
Syria, was a great man with his master, and honorable, because 
by him the Lord had given deliverance unto Syria. 

1 Ch. 6: 15 Jehozadak went i7ito captivity, when the Lord 
carried away Judah and Jerusalem by the hand of Nebu- 
chadnezzar. 

Job 1: 15 The Sabeans fell upon them, and took them away. 
17 The Chaldeans made out three bands, and fell upon the 
camels, and have carried them away, yea, and slain the ser- 
vants with the edge of the sword. 21 The Lord gave, and 
the Lord hath taken away ; bless/sd be the name of the Lord. 

Ps. 17: 13 Arise, O Lord, disappoint him, cast him down: 
deliver my soul from the wicked, which is thy sword : 14 From 
men which are thy hand, O Lord, from men of the world, 
which have their portion in this life. 

Is. 10: 5 O Assyrian, the rod of mine anger, and the staff 
in their hand is mine indignation. 6 I will send him against 
a hypocritical nation, and against the people of my wrath will 
I give him a charge, to take the spoil, and to take the prey, and 
to tread them down like the mire of the streets. 7 Howbeit 
he meaneth not so, neither doth his heart think so ; but it is jn 
his heart to destroy and cut off nations not a few. 12 Where- 
fore it shall come to pass, tliat wh mthe Lord hath performed 
his whole work upon mount Zion and on Jerusalem, I will 
punish the fruit of the stout heart of the king of Assyria, and 
184 



QOi/n FBOrmEiroB ob aoskot. 2d6 

In controlling popular Ikror. 

the glory of his high looks. 15 Shall the axe boast itself 
against him that heweth therewith ? or shall the saw magnify 
itself against him that shaketh it ? as if the rod should shake 
itself against them that lift it up, or as if the staff should lift 
np ttse^y as if it were no wood. — 13: 5 They come from a far 
oountry, from the end of heaven, even the Lord, and the 
weapons of his indignation, to destroy the whole land. — 37: 7 
Behold, I will send a blast upon him, and he shall hear a ru- 
mor, and return to his own land ; and I will cause him to fall 
by the sword in his own land. 

Jer. 27: 8 It shall come to pass, that the nation and kingdom 
which will not serve the same Nebuchadnezzar the king of 
Babylon, and that will not put their neck under the yoke of 
the king of Babylon, that nation will I punish, saith the Lord, 
with the sword, and with the famine, and with the pestilence, 
nntil I have consumed them by his hand. — 50: 9 For lo, 1 
will raise and cause to come up against Babylon an assembly 
of great nations from the north country : and they shall set 
themselves in array against her; from thence she shall be 
taken. 

Ezk. 25: 14 I will lay my vengeance upon Edom by the 
hand of my people Israel. 

Hab. 1: 6 For lo, I raise up the Chaldeans, that bitter and 
hasty nation, which shall march through the breadth of the 
land, to possess the dwelling-places that are not theirs. 12 
Lord, thou hast, ordained them for judgment : and, O mighty 
God, thou hast established them for correction. [See 278.] 

266. God's control of popular favor and frowns. 

Gten. 39: 21 The Lord was with Joseph, and shewed him 
mercy, and gave him favor in the sight of the keeper of the 
prison. 

Ex. 3: 21 I will give this people favor in the sight of the 
Egyptians : and it shall come to pass, then, when ye go, ye 
shaJl not go empty. 

Ps. 75: 6 Promotion cometh neither from the east, nor from 
the west, nor from the south. 7 But God is the judge : he 
putteth down one, and setteth up another. 

Dan. 1: 9 God had brought Daniel into favor and tender 
love with the prince of the eunuchs. 

Ac. 7: 9 The patriarchs, moved with envy, sold Joseph into 
Egypt : but God was with him, 10 And delivered him out of 
all his afflictions, and gave him favor and wisdom in the sight 
of Pharaoh king of Egypt ; and he made him governor over 
Egypt, and all his house. 

16* \^ 



267 god's pboyidbnoe o& XGbvot. 

In Moral Svila and Deluatons. 

267. Cro^s providence in moral evils and delusions, 

Ex. 7: 3 I will harden Pharaoh's hearty and multiplj mj 
signs and my wonders in the land of Egypt. — 9: 12 The Lord 
hardened the heart of Pharaoh, and he hearkened not unto 
them; as the Lord had spoken upto Moses. — 10: 1 The Lord 
said unto Moses, Go in unto Pharaoh : for I have hardened 
his heart, and the heart of his servants ; that I might shew 
these my signs before him. — 14:8 The Lord hardened the 
heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he pursued after the 
children of Israel. 17 And I, behold, I will harden the hearts 
of the Egyptians, and they shall follow them : and I will get 
me honor upon Pharaoh, and upon all his host. 

Dt. 2: 30 Sihon king of Heshbon would not let us pass by 
him : for the Lord thy Gk>d hardened his spirit, and made his 
heart obstinate, that he might deliver him into thine hand, as 
appeareth this day. 

Jos. 11: 19 There was not a city that made peace with the 
children of Israel, save the Hivites the inhabitants of Gibeon: 
all other they took in battle. 20 For it was of the Lobd to 
harden their hearts, that they should come against Israel in 
battle, that he might destroy them. 

Jud. 7: 22 The Lord set every man's sword against his fel- 
low, even throughout all the host. 

2 S. 24: 1 Again the anger of the Lord was kindled against 
Israel, and he moved David against them to say, Go, number 
Israel and Judah. 

1 K. 22: 23 Behold, the Lord hath put a lying spirit in the 
mouth of all these thy prophets. 

Job 17: 4 Thou hast hid their heart from understanding; 
therefore shalt thou not exalt them, 

Ps. 28: 3 Draw me not away with the wicked, and with the 
workers of iniquity. — 105: 25 He turned then* heart to hate 
his people, to deal subtilely with his servants. — 119: 36 In- 
cline my heart unto thy testimonies, and not to covetousness. 
— 141: 4 Incline not my heart to any evil thing, to practise 
wicked works with men that work iniquity. 

Is. 19: 14 The Lord hath mingled a perverse spirit in the 
midst thereof. — 29: 10 The Lord hath poured out upon you 
the spirit of deep sleep, and hath closed your eyes : the pro- 
phets and your rulers, the seers hath he covered. — 44: 18 They 
have not known nor understood : for he hath shut their eyes, 
that they cannot see ; and their hearts, that they cannot under- 
stand. — 45: 7 I form the light, and create darkness : I make 
peace, and create evil : I the Lord do all ih.e&Q things* — 63: 17 



god's PBOYIDBNCE OB AGENCT. 268 

Brings Qood out of £Til. 

Q Lord, why hast thou made us to err from thy ways, and 
hardened our heart from thy fear ? 

£zk. 14: 9 K the prophet be deceived when he hath spoken 
a thing, I the Lord have deceived that prophet, and I will 
stretch out my hand upon him, and will destroy him from the 
midst of my people Israel. 

Zee. 8: 10 Before these days there was no hire for man, nor 
any hire for beast ; neither was there any peace to him that 
went oat or came in because of the affliction : for I set all men 
every one against his neighbor. 

Lk. 10: 21 In that hour Jesus rejoiced in spirit, and said, I 
thank thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that thou 
hast hid these things from the wise and prudent, and hast re- 
vealed them unto babes : even so. Father ; for so it seemed 
good in thy sight. 

Jn. 12: 39 They could not believe, because that Esaias 
said again, 40 He hath blinded their eyes, and hardened 
their heart ; that they should not see ^vith their eyes, nor un- 
derstand with their heart, and be converted, and I should heal 
them. 41 These things said Esaias, when he saw his glory, 
and spake of him. 

Bom. 9: 18 Therefore hath he mercy on whom he will have 
mercy, and whom he will he hardeneth. — 11: 7 What then? 
Israel hath not obtained that which he seeketh for; but the 
election hath obtained it, and the rest were blinded. 8 (Ac- 
cording as it is written, God hath given them the spirit of 
slumber, eyes that they should not see, and eai's that they 
should not hear ;) unto this day. 

2 Thes. 2: 10 They received not the love of the truth, that 
they might be saved. 11 And for this cause Grod shall send 
them strong delusion, that they should believe a lie : 12 That 
they all might be damned who believed not the truth, but had 
pleasure in unrighteousness. 

Rev. 17: 17 God hath put in their hearts to fulfil his will, 
and to agree, and give their kingdom unto the beast, until the 
words of God shaU be fulfiUed. [See 252, 256, 435.] 

268. God brings good out of evil — or sin the occasion of good. 

Qen. 45: 5 Be not grieved, nor angry with yourselves, that 
▼e sold me hither : for God did send me before you to preserve 
me. 

Ex. 9: 16 In very deed for this cause have I raised thee up, 
lor to shew in thee my power ; and that my name may be de- 
clared throughout all the earth. — 10: 1 The Lord said unto 
Moses, Gro in unto Pharaoh : for I have hardened his heart, 

1^7 



269 ck>d'8 froyidence or aoenot* 

Not the author of confiudon. 

s . 

and the heart of his servants ; that I might shew these my 
signs before him : 2 And that thou mayest tell in the ears ot 
thy son, and of thy son's son, what things 1 have wrought in 
Egypt, and my signs which I have done among them ; that ye 
may know how that I am the Lord. 

Ps. 76: 10 Surely the wrath of man shall praise thee : the 
remainder of wrath shalt thou restrain. 

Mat. 18: 7 Wo unto the world because of offences! for it 
must needs be that offences come ; but wo to that man by 
whom the offence cometh ! 

Rom. 3: 5 If our unrighteousness commend the righteous- 
ness of Grod, what shall we say ? Is God unrighteous who 
taketh vengeance ? (1 speak as a man,) 6 Grod forbid : for 
then how shall God judge the world ? 7 For if the truth of 
Gk)d hath more abounded through my lie unto his glory ; why 
yet am I also judged as a sinner ? 8 And not rather (as we 
be slanderously reported, and as some affirm that we say) Let 
us do evil, that good may come ? whose damnation is just. — 
5: 20 Where sin abounded, grace did much more abound. 
—6: 1 7 God be thanked, that ye were the servants of sin ; but 
ye have obeyed from the heart that form of doctrine which 
was delivered you. — 8: 28 We know that all things work to- 
gether for good, to them that love God. 

1 Cor. 11: 19 There must be also heresies among you, that 
they which are approved may be made manifest among yoo. 

[See 277.] 

269. 6rW, not the actor^ or instigator of sin. 

Jer. 7: 9 Will ye steal, murder, and commit adultery, and 
swear falsely, and bum incense unto Baal, and walk after other 
gods whom ye know not; 10 And come and stand before me 
in this house, which is called by my name, and say, We are 
delivered to do all these abominations ? 

1 Cor. 14: 33 God is not the author of confusion, but of 
peace, as in all churches of the saints. 

Jam. 1: 13 Let no man say when he is tempted, I am 
tempted of God : for God cannot be tempted with evil, neither 
tempteth he any man : 14 But every man is tempted, when 
he is di'awn away of his own lust, and enticed. 15 Then, when 
lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin ; and sin, when it is 
finished, bringeth forth death. 16 Do not err, my beloved 
brethren. 17 Every good gift and every perfect gift is from 
above, and cometh down from the Father of lights, with whom 
is no variableness, neither shadow of turning. — 3: 14 If ye 
have bitter envying and strife in your hearts, glory not, and lie 
ISS 



€Kn/S PBOTIDXNCE OB AOEVCT. 270 

BiflEerent motires. 

not againfit the truth. 15 This wisdom descendeth not from 
above, but is earthl j, sensual, devilish. 1 G For where envying 
and strife is, there is confusion and every evil work. 17 But 
the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, 
gentle, and easy to be entreated, full of mercy and good fruits, 
without partiality, and without hypocrisy. 

1 Jn. 2: 1 6 All that is in the world, the lust of the fiesh, and 
tjie lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, is not of the Father, 
but is of the world. 

270. €hd and mankind often have different motives in effecting the same 



GeiL 45: 4 Joseph said unto his brethren. Come near to me, 
I pray you : and they came near : and he said, I am Joseph 
your brother, whom ye sold into Egypt. 5 Now therefore be 
not grieved, nor angry with yourselves, that ye sold me hither: 
for Grod did send me before you to preserve life. 6 For these 
two years ?tcUh the fiunine been in the land : and yet there are 
^e years, in the which there shall neither be earing nor bar- 
Test- — 50: 19 Joseph said unto them. Fear not: for am I in 
the place of God ? 20 But as for you, ye thought evil against 
me ; but Grod meant it unto good, to bring to pass, as it is this 
day, to save much people alive. 

Is. 10: 5 O Assyrian, the rod of mine anger, and the staff in 
their hand is mine indignation. 6 I will send him against a 
hypocritical nation, and against the people of my wrath will I 
give him a charge, to take the spoil, and to take the prey, and 
to tread them down like the mire of the streets. 7 Howbeit 
he meanetb not so, neither doth his heart think so ; but it is in 
his heart to destroy and cut off nations not a few. 12 Where- 
fore it shall come to pass, that when the Lord hath performed 
his whole woi^ upon mount Zion and on Jerusalem, I will 
punish the fruit of the stout heart of the king of Assyria, and 
the glory of his high looks. 

Mk. 15: 9 Pilate answered them saying. Will ye that I re- 
lease unto you the King of the Jews ? 10 (For he knew that 
the diief priests had delivered him for envy.) 

Jn. 3: 16 Grod so loved the world, that he gave his only-be- 
gOtten Sod. that whosoever believeth in him, should not perish, 
but have everlasting life. 

Ac 2: 23 Him, being delivered by the determinate counsel 
and foreknowledge of Grod, ye have taken, and by wicked 
iMUids liav« crucified and slain. 

189 



271 €k>D'8 PBOTIDENCE OB AOEHCTT. 

Freedom and actiyity under. 

271. Freedom and activity^ under the providence of God. 

Ex. 8: 32 Pharaoh hardened his heart at this time also, 
neither would he let the people go. — 9: 27 And Pharaoh sent 
and called for Moses and Aaron, and said unto them, I have 
sinned this time : the Lord is righteous, and I and my people 
are wicked. — 10: IG Pharaoh cjdled for Moses and A£ut>n in 
haste ; and he said, I have sinned against the Lord your Grod, 
and against you. 17 Now therefore forgive, I pray thee, my 
sin only this once, and entreat the Lord your Grod that he may 
take away from me this death only. 

Dt. 30: 19 1 call heaven and earth to record this day agwnst 
you, that I have set before you life and death, blessing and 
cursing: therefore choose lii'e, that both thou and thy seed 
may live. 

Jos. 24: 15 If it seem evil unto you to serve the Lord, choose 
you this day whom ye will serve. 

2 S. 24: 1 Again the anger of the Lord was kindled against 
Israel, and he moved David against them to say. Go, number 
Israel and Judah. 10 And David's heart smote him after that 
he had numbered the people. And David said unto the Lord, 
I have sinned greatly in that I have done : and now, I beseech 
thee, O Lord, take away the iniquity of thy servant ; for I 
have done very foolishly. 

Pr. 1: 29 They hated knowledge, and did not choose the fear 
of the Lord : 30 They would none of my counsel : they 
despised all my reproof. 31 Therefore shall they eat of the 
finit of their own way, and be filled with their own devices. — 
1 6: 9 A man's heart deviseth his way : but the Lord directeth 
his steps. — 23: 2G My son, give me thy heart. 

Song 1: 4 Draw me, we will run after thee. 

Is. 66: 3 Yea, they have chosen their own ways, and their 
Boul deUghteth in their abominations. 

Hos. 13: 9 O Israel, thou hast destroyed thyself. 

Mat. 13: 15 For this people's heart is waxed gross, and ^A^tr 
ears are dull of hearing, and their eyes they have dosed. — 
18: 7 Wo unto the world because of offences I for it must 
needs be that offences come ; but wo to that man by whom the 
offence cometh ! 

Lk. 22: 22 Truly the Son of man goeth as it was deter- 
mined : but wo unto that man by whom he is betrayed ! 

Jn. 5: 40 Ye will not come to me, that ye might have life. 

Ac. 4: 27 Of a truth against thy holy child Jesus, whom 
thou hast anointed, both Herod, and Pontius Pilate, with the 
Glentiles, and the people of Israel, were gathered together, 
190 



qod's pboyidemce or agevot. 272, 273 

Otyectkms — Olgectors reproved. 

28 For to do whatsoever thj hand and thj counsel determined 
before to be done. 

Bom. 2: 15 (Which shew th« work of the law written in 
their hearts, their conscience also bearing witness, and their 
thoughts the meanwhile accusing, or else excusing one another.) 

Ph. 2: 12 Work out your own salvation with fear and trem- 
bling : 13 For it is Grod which worketh in you both to will and 
to do of his good pleasure. [See 128, 329, 373, 556, 600-1.] 

272. Objections against Gods providential government, 

Ezk. 33: 20 Yet ye say. The way of the Lord is not equaL 
ye house of Israel, I will judge you every one after his 
ways. 

Mat 25: 24 Then he which had received the one talent 
eame, and said, Lord, I knew thee that thou art an hard man, 
reaping where thou hast not sown, and gathering where thou 
hast not strewed : 25 And I was afraid, and went and hid thy 
talent in the earth : lo, there thou hast that is thine. 

Rom. 3: 7 K the truth of God hath more abounded through 
my lie unto his glory ; why yet am I also judged as a sinner ? 
8 And not rather (as we be slanderously reported, and as some 
affirm that we say) Let us do evil, that good may come ? whose 
damnation is just. — 9: 19 Thou wilt say then unto me. Why doth 
he yet find fault ? for who hath resisted his will ? 20 Nay, 
bat, O man, who art thou that repliest against God ? Shall the 
thing formed say to him that formed it. Why hast thou made 
me thus ? 21 Hath not the potter power over the clay, of the 
same lump to make one vessel unto honor, and another imto 
dishcmOT ? [See 373, 695, 706.] 

273. Objectors against Providence reproved. 

Job 40: 2 Shall he that contendeth with the Almighty 
instruct him ? he that reproveth Grod, let him answer it. 

Is. 45: 9 Wo unto him that striveth with his Maker ! Let 
the potsherd strive with the potsherds of the earth. Shall the 
day say to him that fashioneth it. What makest thou? or thy 
work. He hath no hands ? 10 Wo unto him that saith unto his 
ialher, What begettest thou ? or to the woman. What hast thou 
brought forth ? 

Mat. 20: 15 Is it not lavirful for me to do what I wiU with- 
mine own ? Is thine eye evil because I am good ? 

Lk. 19: 27 Those mine enemies, which would not that I 
should reign over them, bring hither, and slay them before me. 

Bom. 9: 20 Nay but, O man, who art thou that repliest against 
Qod? Shall the thing formed say to him that formed it, Why 

' 191 



274^ 275 CM>D'fl PROVIDENCE OB AOEKOT. 

WonderflQ ; and incompTehemdble. 

^^M,r - 1 " 

hast thou made me thus ? 21 Hath not the potter power over 
the clay, of the same lump to make one vessel unto honor^ and 
another unto dishonor? 

274. TIte works and ways of Providerice wonderful. 

Ex. 15: 1 1 Who is like unto thee, O Lord, among the gods? 
who is like thee, glorious in holiness, fearful in praises, doing 
wonders ? 

Dt. 4: 32 Ask now of the days that are past, which were 
before thee, since the day that God created man upon the earth, 
and ask from the one side of heaven unto the other, whether 
there hath been a7ii/ sitch thing as this great thing t«, or hath 
been heard like it ? 33 Did ever people hear the voice of Grod 
speaking out of the midst of the fire, as thou hast heard, and 
live ? 34 Or hath God assayed to go and take him a nation 
from the midst of another nation, by temptations, by signs, and 
by wonders, and by war, and by a mighty hand, and by a 
stretched-out arm, and by great terrors, according to all that 
the Lord your God did for you in Egypt before your eyes ? 

Job 5: 8 I would seek unto God, and unto Gk)d would I 
commit my cause : 9 Which doeth great things and unsearch- 
able, marvellous things without number. 

Ps. 77: 1 1 I will remember the works of the Lord : surely 
I will remember thy wonders of old. 12 I will meditate also 
of all thy work, and talk of thy doings. 13 Thy way, O God, 
is in the sanctuary : who is so great a God as our God! 14 
Thou art the God that doest wonders : thou hast declared thy 
strength among the people. 

Dan. 4: 3 How great are his signs ! and how mighty are 
his wonders ! his kingdom is an ^Bverlasting kingdom, and his 
dominion is from generation to generation. 

275. The Providence of God incompreliensible. 

Ps. 36: 6 Thy righteousness is like the great mountains ; 
thy judgments are a great deep : O Lord, thou preservest man 
and beast — 77: 19 Thy way is in the sea, and thy path in 
the great waters, and thy footsteps are not known. — 97: 2 
Clouds and darkness are round about him : righteousness and 
judgment are the habitation of his throne. 

Pr. 25: 2 It is the glory of God to conceal a thing : but the 
honor of kings is to search out a matter. 

Ec. 3: 11 He hath made every thing beautiM in his time: 
also he hath set the world in their heart, so that no man can 
find out the work that God maketh from the beginning to the end* 

Bom. 11: 33 O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom 
192 



god's providence OB AGEKCT. 276 

His Revelations make men know Ilim. 

and knowledge of God ! how unsearchable are liis judgments, 
and his ways past finding out ! 34 For who hath known the 
mind of the Lord ? or who hath been liis counsellor ? 35 Or 
who hath first given to him, and it shall be recompensed unto 
him again? 36 For of him, and through him, and to him are 
all things : to whom be glory for ever. [See 214, 222.] 

276. Revelations and wonders of Providence viakt men know the Lord. 

Ex. 8: 22 I will sever in that day the land of Goshen, in 
which my people dwell, that no swarms ofjlies shall be there ; 
to the end thou mayest know that I am the Lord in the midst 
of the earth. — 9:16 In very deed for this cause have I raised 
thee up, for to shew in thee my power ; and that my name may 
be declared throughout all the earth. 

Dt. 4: 34 Or liath God assayed to go and take him a nation 
from the midst of another nation, by temptations, by signs, and 
by wonders, and by war, and by a mighty liand, and by a 
stretched out-arm, and by great teiTors, according to all that 
the Lord your God did for you in Egyj)t before your eyes ? 
35 Unto thee it was shewed, that thou mightest know that the 
Lord he is God : there is none else beside him. 36 Out of 
heaven he made thee to hear his voice, that he might instruct 
tiiee : and upon earth he shewed thee his great fire ; and thou 
heardest his words out of the midst of the fire. 37 And be- 
cause he loved thy fathers, therefore he chose their seed after 
them, and brought thee out in his sight with his mighty power 
out of Egypt ; 38 To drive out nations from before thee, 
greater and mightier than thou art, to bring thee in, to give thee 
fiieir land f<yr an inheritance, as it is this day. 39 Know 
therefore this day, and consider it in thine heart, that the Lord 
he is God in heaven above, and upon the eai'th beneath : there 
is none else. 

Jos. 4: 23 The Lord your God dried up the waters of Jor- 
dan from before you, until ye were passed over, as the Lord 
your God did to the Red sea, which he dried up from before 
us, until we were gone over : 24 That all the people of the 
earth might know the hand of the Lord, that it is mighty, that 
ye might fear the Lord your God for ever. 

1 K. 18: 37 Hear me, O Lord, hear me, that this people 
may know that thou art the Lord God, and that thou hast 
turned their heart back again. 38 Then the fire of the Lord 
fell, and consumed the burnt sacrifice, and the wood, and the 
stones, and the dust, and licked up the water that was in the trench. 
39 And when all the people saw it, they fell on their faces : and 
they said. The Lord heis the God; the Lord, he t« the God. 

17 1^3 



277, 278 ood's providence or agenot. 



Win glorify him —is dvBirable, etc. 



Ezk. 25: 7 Behold, therefore I will stretch out mine hand 
upon thee, and will deliver thee for a spoil to the heathen ; 
and I will cut thee off from the people, and I will cause thee 
to perish out of the countries : I will destroy thee ; and thou 
shalt know that I am the Lord. 

Dan. 4: 25 That they shall drive thee from men, and thy 
dwelling shall be with the beasts of the field, and they shall 
make thee to eat grass as oxen, and they shall wet thee with 
the dew of heaven, and seven times shall pass over thee, till 
thou know that the Most High ruleth in the kingdom of men, 
and giveth it to whomsoever he will. [See 4, 207, 570.] 

277. God will be (jlorijied bi/ all his tvorks — Satan defeated. 

Num. 14: 20 The Lord said, I have pardoned according to 
thy word : 21 Butcw truly ew I Hve, all the earth shall be filled 
with the glory of the Lord. 

Ps. 4G: 10 Be still, and know that I am God : I will be 
exalted among the heathen, I will be exalted in the earth. — 
86: 9 All nations whom thou hast made shall come and worship 
before thee, O Lord ; and sliall glorify thy name. — 104: 31 The 
glory of the Lord shall endure for ever : the Lord shall 
rejoice in his works. — 145: 10 All thy works shall praise 
thee, O Lord ; and thy saints shall bless thee. 11 They shall 
speak of the glory of thy kingdom, and talk of thy power ; 
12 To make known to the sons of men his mighty acts, and 
the glorious majesty of his kingdom. 

Lk. 10: 18 He said unto them, I beheld Satan as lightning 
fall from heaven. 

1 Jn. 3: 8 For this purpose the Son of God was manifested, 
that he might destroy the works of the devil. 

[See 209, 268, 587.] 

278. 77ie providential government of God desirable, and afoundatum for 
hope, joy, ana submission. 

1 S. 3: 18 It is the Lord : let him do what seemeth him good. 

2 S. 16: 10 The king said. What have I to do with you, ye 
sons of Zeruiah? so let him curse, because the Lord hath 
said unto him. Curse David. Who shall then say. Wherefore 
hast thou done so ? 11 And David said to Abishai, and to all 
his servants. Behold, my son, which came forth of my bowels, 
seeketh my life : how much more now may this Benjamite do 
it ? let him alone, and let him curse ; for the Lord hath bidden 
him. 

Job 1: 15 The Sabeans fell upon them, and took them away ; 
yea, they have slain the servants with the edge of the sword ; 
and I only am escaped alone to tell thee. 21 The Lord gave, 
194 



god's law. 279, 280 



God the rightful liawrfver. 



and the Lord hath taken away ; blessed be the name of the 
Lord. 22 In all this Job sinned not, nor charged God foolishly. 

Ps. 39: 9 I was dumb, I opened not my mouth ; because 
thou didst it. — 97: 1 The Lord reigneth ; let the earth re- 
joice ; let the multitude of isles be glad thereof. 

Is. 52: 7 How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of 
him that bringeth good tidings, that publishcth peace ; that 
bringeth good tidings of good, that publisheth salvation ; that 
Baith unto Zion, Thy God reigneth ! 

Jn. 18: 11 Then saidlJesus unto Peter, Put up thy sword 
into the sheath: the cup which my Father hath given m«, 
shall I not di-ink it ? [See 296-9.] 

279. The wisdom of studyiufj and exhibithuj the perfections^ jmrposes^ and 
provideiitial government of uud. 

Dt. 32: 2 My doctrine shall drop as the rain, my speech 
ehall distil as the dew, as the small rain upon the tender herb, 
and as the showers upon the grass : 3 Because I will pubUsh 
the name of the Lord. 

Ps. 3G: 9 With thee is the fountain of life: in thy light shall 
we see light. 

Jn. 17: 25 O righteous Father, the world hath not known 
thee : but I have known thee, and these have knowTi that thou 
hast sent me. 2G And I have declared unto them thy name, 
and will declare it : that the love wherewith thou hast loved 
me, may be in them, and I in them. 

2 Cor. 3: 18 We all, with open face, beholding as in a glass 
the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from 
glory to glory, even as by the Spirit of the Lord. 

[See 48, 51, 433, 458.] 

LAW OF GOD. 

280. God the supreme and rightful Lawgiver and Governor. 

Ps. 22: 28 Tlie kingdom is the Lord's : and ho is the gov- 
ernor among the nations. — 47: 2 The Lord Most High is 
terrible ; he is a great King over all the earth. 7 For God is 
the King of all the earth: sing ye praises with understanding. 
8 God reigneth over the heathen : God sitteth upon the throne 
of his holiness. — 89: 18 The Lord is our defence ; and the 
Holy One of Israel is our King. — 99: 1 The Lord reign- 
eth ; let the people tremble : he sitteth between the cherubims, 
let the earth be moved. — 103: 1 9 The Lord hath prepared 
his throne in the heavens; and his kingdom ruleth over all. — 
146: 10 The Lord shall reign for ever, eve^i thy God, O Zion, 
unto all generations. Praise ye the Lord. 

IS/O 



281 ood's law. 



The Decalogue. 



Is. 33: 22 The Lord is our judge, the Lord is our lawgiver, 
the Lord is our King ; he will save us. 

Dan. 4: 34 At the end of the days, I Nebuchadnezzar 
lifted up mine eyes unto heaven, and mine understanding 
returned unto me, and I blessed the Most High, and I praised 
and honored him that liveth for ever, whose dominion is an 
everlasting dominion, and his kingdom is from generation to 
generation. 

Rev. 19: G The Lord God omnipotent reigneth. 16 And 
he hath on his vesture and on his thi^ a name written, KING 
OF KINGS,AND LORD OF LORDS. 

[See 241, 2G0, 744.] 

281. Decalogue J or comprehensive jrrccepts of the law of God. 
Preface. 

Ex. 20: 1 God spake all these words, saying, 2 I am the 
Lord thy God which have brought thee out of the land of 
Egypt, out of the house of bondage. 

First Commandment. 

8 Thou shalt have no other gods before me. 

Second Commandment. 

4 Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any 
likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the 
earth beneath, or tliat is in the water under the earth: 5 Thou 
shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them : for I the 
Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the 
fathers upon the children unto the tliird and fourth generation 
of them that hate me ; 6 And showing mercy unto thousands 
of them that love me, and keep my commandments. 

Third Commandment. 

7 Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy Grod in 
vain: for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his 
name in vain. 

Fourth Commandment. 

8 Remember the sabbath-day to keep it holy. 9 Six days 
shalt thou labor, and do all thy work : 10 But the seventh 
day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God : in it thou shalt not 
do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy man- 
servant, nor thy maid-servant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger 
that is within thy gates : 1 1 For in six days the Lord made 
heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested 
the seventh day : wherefore the Lord blessed the sabbath-day, 
and hallowed it. 

196 



god's law. 282 



Promulgation of the Decalogue. 



Fifth Commandment. 

12 Honor thy father and thy mother; that thy days may be 
long upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee. 

Sixth Commandment. 

13 Thou Shalt not kill. 

Setfenth Commandment. 

14 Thou shalt not commit adultery. 

Eighth Commandment. 

15 Thou shalt not steal. 

NhUh Commandment. 

16 Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbor. 

Tenth Commandment. 

17 Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor's house, thou shalt 
not covet thy neighbor's wife, nor his man-servant, nor his 
maid-servant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy 
neighbor's. 

Elevenih Commandment. 

Jn. 13: 34 A new commandment I give unto you, That ye 
love one another ; as I have loved you, that ye also love one 
another. 35 By this shall all men know that ye are my disci- 
ples, if ye have love one to another. 

282. Circumstances connected with the promulgation of the Decalogue. 

Ex. 19: 10 The Lord said unto Moses, Go unto the people, 
and sanctify them to-day and to-morrow, and let them wash 
their clothes, ll And be ready against the third day: for 
the third day the Lord will come down in the sight of all the 
people upon mount Sinai. 1 2 And thou shalt set bounds unto 
the people round about, saying, Take heed to yourselves, thai 
ye go not up into the mount, or touch the border of it : who- 
soever toucheth the mount shall be surely put to death : 13 
There shall not a hand touch it, but he shall surely be stoned 
or shot through : whether it he beast or man, it shall not live : 
when the trumpet soundeth long, they shall come up to the 
mount. 16 It came to pass on the third day in the morning, 
that there were thunders and lightnings, and a thick cloud 
upon the mount, and the voice of the trumpet exceeding loud ; 
so that all the people that wcis in the camp trembled. 17 And 
Moses brought forth the people out of the camp to meet with 
God ; and tliey stood at the nether part of the mount. 18 
And mount Sinai was altogether on a smoke, because the 
Lord descended upon it in fire : and the smoke thereof 
ascended as the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mount 
quaked greatly. 19 And when the voice of the trumpet 

J. / " ». V I 



S83 god's law. 



Tlie Dt'calo^rue illtL««tratCHl. 



sounded long, and waxed louder and louder, Moses spake, and 
God answered him by a voice. 20 And the Lord came down 
upon mount Sinai, on the top of the mount ; and the Lord 
called Moses 7ip to the toj) of the mount ; and Moses went 
up. 21 And tlie Lord said unto Moses, Go down, charge 
the peoi)le, lest tliey break through unto the Lord to gaze, 
and many of them perisli. 22 And let the priests also which 
come near to tlie Lord, sanctify themselves, lest the Lord 
break forth upon them. 23 And Moses said unto the Lord, 
The people cannot come up to Mount Sinai : for thou charge- 
edst us, saying. Set bounds about the mount, and sanctify it. 
24 And the Lord said unto him, Away, get thee down, and 
thou shalt come uj), tliou, and Aaron with thee: but let not the 
priests and the ])eople break through, to come up unto the 
Lord, lest he break forth ui)on them. 25 So Moses went 
down unto the ])eoj)le, and spake unto them. 

Dt. 0: 22 These words the Loud spake unto all your 
assembly in the mount, out of the midst of the fire, of the 
doud, and of the thick di\rkness, with a great voice ; and he 
added no more : and lie wrote tliem in two tables of stone, and 
delivered them unto me. 23 And it came to pass, when ye 
heard the voice out of the midst of the darkness, (for the 
mountain did ])urn witli fire,) that ye came near unto me, even 
all the heads of your tribes, and your elders ; 24 And ye 
said, BehoKl, the Loud our God hath shewed us his glory, 
and his greatness, and we have heard his vpice out of the 
midst of the lire. 

283. Jllusl rations and summams of the Dccahxjue. 

Mat. o: 43 Ye have heard that it hath been said, Thou 
shalt love thy neighbor, and hate thine enemy: 44 But I say 
unto you, Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do 
good to them tliat hate you, and j3ray for them which despite- 
fully use you, and persecute you ; 4o That ye may be the 
children of your Father w^liich is in heaven : for he maketh 
his sun to rise on the evil and on the good, and sendeth rain 
on the just and on the unjust. 46 If ye love them wliich love 
you, what reward have ye? do not even the publicans the 
same? 47 And if ye salute your brethren only, what do ye more 
than others '^ do not even the publicans so ? 48 Be ye therefore 
perfect, even as your Father which is in heaven is perfect — 7: 12 
All things whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, do ye 
even so to them: ibr this is the law and the prophets. — 22: 35 
One of them, which was a lawyer, jisked hijn a question^ tempt- 
ing him, and saying, 36 Master, which is the great command- 
198 



god's law. 284, 285 



His regard for it — Perfection required. 



meut in the law? ^ Jesus said unto liim, Thou shalt love 
the Lord thy God i\ itli all tliy heart, and with all thy soul, 
and with all thy mind. 38 This is the iirst and preat com- 
mandment. 39 And the second is like unto it, lliou shalt 
love thy neighbor as thyself. 40 On these two commandments 
hang all the law and the prophets. 

Rom. 13: 8 Owe no man any thing, but to love one another: 
for he that loveth another liath fulfilled the law. 9 For this, 
Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not kill, Thou 
shalt not steal. Thou shalt not bear false witness, Thou shalt 
not covet ; and if t/iere be any other commandment, it is briefly 
comprehended in this saying, namely, Tliou shalt love thy 
neighbor as thyself. 10 Love worketh no ill to his neighbor: 
therefore love is the fulfilling of the law. 

Gal. 5: 14 All the law is fulfilled in one word, even in this, 
Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself. 

Jam. 2: 8 If ye fullil the royal law according to the scrip- 
tore. Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself, ye do well : 9 
But if ye have respect to persons, ye commit sin, and are con- 
vinced of the law as transgressors. 10 For whosoever shall 
keep the whole law, and yet offend in one point, he is guilty of 
alL [See 413,- 414.] 

284. GocPs rcf/ard for his law. 

Is. 42: 21 The Lord is well pleased for his righteousness' 
sake ; he will magnify the law, and make it honorable. — 66: 2 
To this man will I look, ef^?i to him that is poor, and of a con- 
trite spirit, and trembleth at my word. 

Mat. 5: 19 Whosoever tlterefore shall break one of these 
least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be 
called the least in the kinjrdom of heaven: but whosoever shall 
do, and teach them, the same shall be called great in the king- 
dom of heaven. [See 42, 50.] 

285 The law of God requires viorol perfection^ 

Gen. 17: 1 I am the Almighty God; walk before me, and 
be thou perfect. 

Dt. 18: 13 Thou shalt be perfect with the Lord thy God. 

1 K. 8: 61 Let your heart therefore be perfect with the Lord 
our God, to walk in his statutes, and to keep his conunand- 
ments. 

Pr. 23: 17 Let not thine heart envy sinners : but be thou in 
the fear of the Lord all the day long. 

Mat. 5: 48 Be ye therefore perfect, even as your Father 
which is in heaven is perfect. — 22: 37 Jesus said unto him, 

199 



286 god's law. 



Is reasonable — Obedience a privilege. 



Thou shalt love the Lord thj God with all thy heart, and with 
all thy soul, and with all thy mind. 38 This is the first and 
great commandment 39 And the second is like unto it, Thou 
shalt love thy neighbor as thyself. 

1 Cor. 10: 31 Whether therefore ye eat or drink, or what- 
soever ye do, do all to the glory of God. 

2 Cor. 7: 1 Having therefore these promises, dearly beloved, 
let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh and 
spirit, perfecting holiness in the fear of God. — 13: 11 Be per- 
fect, be of good comfort, be of one mind, live in peace. 

Jam. 1: 4 Let patience have her perfect work, that ye may 
be perfect and entire, wanting nothing. 

1 Pet. 1: 15 As he which hath called you is holy, so be ye 
holy in all manner of conversation ; 16 Because it is written, 
Be ye holy ; for I am holy. 

2 Pet. 3: 11 Seeing then that all these things shall be dis- 
solved, what manner of persons ought ye to be in aU holy con- 
versation and godliness, 1 2 Looking for and hasting unto the 
coming of the day of God. 

Jude 21 Keep yom'selves in the love of Grod. 
[See 501, 629.] 

286. The law of God reasonable — obeying it perfcctlj our highest happiness 
and privilege. 

Dt. 6: 24 The Lord commanded us to do all these statutes, 
to fear the Lord our God, for our good always, that he might 
preserve us alive, as it is at this day. 25 And it shall be our 
righteousness, if we ob^?erve to do all these commandments 
before the Lord our God, as he hath commanded us. — 10: 12 
Now, Israel, what doth the Lord tliy Gofl require of thee but 
to fear the Lord thy God, to walk in all his ways, and to love 
him, and to serve the Lord thy God with all thine heart and 
with all thy soul, 13 To keep the commandments of the 
Lord, and his statutes, which I command thee this day for 
thy good ? 

Neh. 9: 13 Thou earnest down also upon mount Sinai, and 
spakest with them from heaven, and gavest them right judg- 
ments, and true laws, good statutes and commandments. 

Ps. 19: 7 The law of the Lord is perfect, converting the 
soul: the testimony of the Lord is sure, making wise the sim- 
ple. 8 The statutes of the Lord are right, rejoicing the 
heart : the commandment of the Lord is pure, enlightenino^ 
the eyes. 9 The fear of the Lord is clean, enduring for 
ever : the judgments of the Lord are true and righteous alto- 
gether. 10 More to be desired are they than gold, yea, than 
200 ^ J--n 



god's law. 287 



Penalty of the Ijaw. 



■ much fine gold: sweeter also than honey and the honey- 
comb. 11 iloreover, by them is thy servant warned: and 
. in keeping of them th€7-€ is gi*eat reward. — Ps. 33: 4 The 
' *^ word of the Lord is right ; and all his works are done in 
trath. — 119: 86 All thy commandments are faithful. 128 
Therefore I esteem all thi/ precepts concerning jdl things to he 
right; and I hate every liaise way. 172 Sly tongue shall 
speak of thy word: for all thy commandments are right- 
eousness. 

Rom. 7: 12 Wherefore the law is holy, and the command- 
ment holy, and just, and good. 

1 Jn. 5: 3 His commandments are not grievous. 
[See Promises in the Index, and 485, 630.] 

287. Penalty of the law of God. 

Gren. 2: 17 Of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, 
thou shalt not eat of it : for in the day that thou eatest thereof 
thou shalt surely die. 

Ezk. 18: 4 The soul that sinneth, it shall die. — 33: 11 Say 

- mito them, As I live, saith tlie Lord God, I have no pleasure 

in the death of the wicked ; but that the wicked turn from his 

way and live : turn ye, turn ye from your evil ways ; for why 

.^ will ye die, O house of Israel "t 

Mat. 25: 41 Then shall he say also unto them on the left 
* hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared 
for the devil and his angels. 

Jn. 8: 51 Verily, verily, I say unto you, If a man keep my 
saying, he shall never see death. 

Kpm. G: 23 Tlie wages of sin is death : but the gift of God 
U eternal life, through Jesus Christ our Lord. 

Gal. 3: 10 As many as are of the works of the law, are 
under the curse : for it is written. Cursed is every one that 
continueth not in all things which are written in the book of 
the law to do them. 13 Christ hath redeemed us from the 
curse of the law, being made a curse for us : for it is written, 
Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree. 

Jam. 1: 15 Sin, when it is finished, bringeth forth death. 

Rev. 2: 11 He that overcometh, shall not be hurt of the 
second death. [See 309, 560-3, 567.] 

201 



88d|689 GOI>*8 LAW — PRIMARY REQUIRSHEHTS. 

■ m 

Lore to God — Love to God encouraged. 



PRIMARY DUTIES TOWARDS GOD. 

288. Love to God required. 

Dt 6: 5 Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy 
heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might. — 11: 1 
Thou shalt love the Lord thy Grod, and keep his charge, and 
his statutes, and his judgments, and his commandments, always. 
— 30: 15 See, I have set before thee this day life and good, 
and death and evil ; 1 G In that I command thee this day to 
love the Lord thy God, to walk in his ways, and to keep his 
commandments, and his statutes, and his judgments, that thou 
mayest live and muhiply. 

Jos. 22: 5 But take diligent heed to do the commandment 
and the law, which Moses the servant of the Loud cliai'ged 
you, to love the Loud your God, and to walk in all his ways, 
and to keep his commandments, and to cleave unto him, and to 
serve him with all your heart, and with all your soul. 

Pr. 23: 20 Mv son, <nve me thine heart. 

Mat. 22: 37 Jesus said unto him. Thou shalt love the Lord./J 
thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all 
thy mind. 38 This is the first and great commandment. fMk. 
12: 30, and Lk. 10: 27.] 

Jude 21 Keep yourselves in the love of God. 

[See 283, 601.] 

289. Promises to tJiose who love God. 

Ex. 20: 6 Shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love 
me, and keep my commandments. 

Dt 7: 9 Know therefore that the Lord thy Grod, he is Grod, 
the faithful God, which keepeth covenant and mercy with them 
that love him and keep his commandments to a thousand gen- 
erations. — 11: 13 It shall come to pass, if ye shall hearken 
diligently unto my commandments which I conunand you this 
day, to love the Lord your God, and to serve him with all your 
heart and with all your soul, 14 That I will give f/ou the rain 
of your land in his due season, the first rain and the latter rain, 
that thou mayest gather in thy com, and thy wine, and thine 
oiL 15 And I will send grass in thy fields for thy cattle, that 
thou mayest eat and be fuU. 

Ps. 91: 14 Because he hath set his love upon me, therefore 
will I deliver him : I will set him on high, because he hath 
known my name. — 145: 20 The Lord preser\'eth all them 
that love him : but all the wicked will he destroy. 

Pr. 8: 17 I love them that love me : and those that seek me 
early shall find me. 
202 



eOD'S LAW — PRIMARY REQUIREMENTS. 290 

Fear of Qod required. 

Jn. 14: 21 He that hath my commandments, and keepeth 
jm, he it is that loveth me : and he that loveth me, shall be 
xd of my Father, and I will love him, and will manifest 
lyself to him. 22 Judas saith unto him, (not Iscariot) Lord, 
^liow is it that thou wilt manifest thyself unto us, and not 
!• . tmto the world ? 23 Jesus answered and said unto him, If a 
j^'tnan love me, he will keep my words : and my Father will 
B*love him, and we will come unto him, and make our abode 
P with him. 

^ Bom. 8: 28 We know that all things work together for good, 
%■ to them that love God, to them who are the called according 
P to his purpose* 

1 Cor. 2: 9 Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither have 
entered into the heart of man, the things which God hath 
prepared for them that love him. 

Jam. 1:12 Blessed is the man that endureth temptation : for 

when he is tried, he shall receive the crown of life, which the 

►rd hath promised to them that love him. [See 302, 630.] 

290. The fear of God required. 

Dt. 6: 24 The Lord commanded us to do all these statutes, 
^to fear the Lord our God, for our good always, that he might 
ierve us alive, as it is at this day. — 10: 12 Now, Israel, 
rhat doth the Lord thy God require of thee but to fear the 
'liORD thy God, to walk in all his ways, and to love him, and 
to serve the Lord thy God with all thine heart and with all 
tby soul. 20 Thou shalt fear the Lord thy God ; him shalt 
thou serve, and to him shalt thou cleave, and swear by his 
name. 

Jos. 24: 14 Now therefore, fear the Lord, and serve him in 
sincerity and in truth. 

2 K. 17: 35 Ye shall not fear other gods, nor bow yourselves 
to them, nor serve them, nor sacrifice to them : 36 But the 
Lord, who brought you up out of the land of Egypt with great 
power and a stretched-out arm, him shall ye fear, and him shall 
ye worship, and to him shall ye do sacrifice. 

Ps. 33: 8 Let all the earth fear the Lord : let all the inhabit- 
ants of the world stand in awe of him. — 89: 7 God is greatly 
to be feared in the assembly of the saints, and to be had in 
reverence of all them that are about him. 

Pr. 23: 17 Let not thine heart envy sinners: but he thou in 
the fear of the Lord all the day long. 

Ec. 12: 13 Let us hear the conclusion of the whole matter: 
Fear God, and keep his commandments : for this is the whole 
duty oimsji. 

203 



291 god's law — PRIMARY REQUIHEMENTfl. 

_ ■ — 

Fear of Go 1 encouraged. 

Is. 8: 13 Sanctify Ihe Lord of hosts himself; and let him le 
your fear, and let him be your dread. 

Lk. 12: I will forewarn you whom ye shall fear : Fear him- : 
which after he hath killed, hath power to cast into hell ; yea I -"" 
say unto you. Fear him. 

291. Promises to those whojlar God. 

Job 28: 28 Unto man he said, Behold, the fear of the 'Lobj>^ 
that is wisdom ; and to depart from evil is understanding. 

Ps. 25: 12 What man is he that feareth the Lord? him 
shall lie teach in the way that he shall choose. 13 His soul 
shall dwell at ease ; and his seed shall inherit the earth. 14 
The secret of the Lord is with them that fear him ; and he 
will shew them his covenant. — 31: Id Oh how great w thy 
goodness, which thou hast laid uj) for them that fear thee ; v 
which thou hast wrought for them that trust in thee before the - 
sons of men ! 20 Thou slialt hide them in the secret of thy 
presence from the pride of man : thou shalt keep them secretly ■ 
in a pavilion from the strife of tongues. — 33: 18 Behold, the 
eye of the Loud is upon them that fear him, upon them thai- 
hope in his mercy; 19 To deliver their soul from death, and 
to keep them alive in famine. — 34: 7 The angel of the Lord 
encampeth round about them that fear him, and delivereth 
them. 8 O taste and see that the Lord is good : blessed is the 
man that trusteth in him. 9 O fear the Lord, ye his saints ; 
for there is no want to them that fear him. — 103: 11 As the 
heaven is high above the earth, so great is his mercy toward 
them that fear him. 1 2 As far as the east is from the west, 
80 far hath he removed our transgressions from us. 13 Like 
as a father pitieth his children, so the Lord pitieth them that 
fear him. — 111: 5 He hath given meat unto them that fear 
him: he will ever be mindful of his covenant. 10 The fear 
of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom : a good understanding 
have all they that do his commandments : his praise endureth 
for ever. [Pr. 9: 10.] 145: 19 He will fulfil the desire of 
them that fear him : he also will hear their cry, and will save 
them. — 147: 11 The Lord taketli pleasure in them that fear 
him, in those that hope in his mercy. 

Pr. 14: 2G In the fear of the Lord is strong confidence: 
and his children shall have a place of refuge. 27 The fear 
of the Lord is a fountain of life, to depart from the snares of 
death. 

Ec. 8: 12 Though a sinner do evil a hundred times, and his 
days be prolonged, yet surely I know that it shall be well with 
them that fear Grod, which fear before him. 
204 



god's law — PRIMARY REQUIREMENTS. 292,298 



Trust in (Jod required — encouraged. 



Mai. 3: 1 G They that feared the Lord spake often one to 
another : and the Lord hearkened, and heard it : and a hook 
of remembrance was written before him for them that feared 
the Lord, and that thought upon his name. 17 And they shall 
be mine, saith the LoitD of hosts, in that day when I make up 
my jewels ; and I will spare them, as a man spareth his own 
son that seiTeth him. — 4: 2 Unto you that fear my name, shall 
the Sun of righteousness arise with healing in his wings ; and 
ye shall go forth, and grow up as calves of the stall. 

Lk. 1: 50 liis mercy is on them that fear him, from genera- 
tion to generation. 

292. Trust and hope in God required. 

Ps. 4: 5 Put your trust in the Lord. — 42: 5 Why art thou 
cast down, O my soul ? and ivhy art thou disquieted in me ? 
hope thou in God : for I shall yet praise \\\mfor the help of his 
countenance. — 62: 8 Tnist in him at all times ; ye people, 
pour out your heart before him : God is a refuge for us. — 
115: 9 O Israel, trust thou in the Lord : he is their help and 
their shield. 10 O house of Aaron, trust in the Lord : he is 
their help and their shield. 1 1 Ye that fear the Lord, trust 
in the Lord : he is their help and their shield. 

Pr. 3: 5 Trust in the Lord with all thy heart ; and lean not 
unto thine own understanding. 

Is. 26: 4 Trust ye in the Lord for ever : for in the Lord 
JEHOVAH is everlasting strength. — 50: 10 Who t^ among 
you that feareth the Lokd, that obeyeth the voice of his ser- 
vant, that walketh in darkness, and hath no light ? let him 
trust in the name of the Lord, and stay upon his God. 

[See 170, 'db2.-\ 

293. Trust and hope in God encouraged — promises. 

2 S. 22: 31 He is a buckler to all them that trust in him. 

Ps. 2: 1 2 Blessed are all they that put their trust in him. — 
17: 7 Shew thy marvellous loving-kindness, O thou that savest 
by. thy right hand them which put their trust in thee from those 
that rise up against them, — 28: 7 The Lord is my strength, 
and my sliieid ; my heart trusted in him, and I am helped : 
therefore my heart greatly rejoiceth ; and with my song will I 
praise him. — 31:19 Oh how great is thy goodness, which thou 
hast laid up for them that f6ai- thee ; which thou hast wrought 
for them that trust in thee before the sons of men ! 20 Thou 
shalt hide them in the secret of thy presence from the pride of 
man: thou shalt keep them secretly in a pavilion from the 
strife of tongues. 24 Be of good courage, and he shall 

18 205 



294 god's law — FRTMABT ftEQUIREHEirrS. 



Trust in God exemplified. 



Btrengthen yoar heart, all ye that hope in the Lord. — 32: 10(1! 
Many sorrows shall he to the wicked: but he that trusteth vcm 
the Lord, mercy shall compass him about. — 34: 8 O tast^v^ 
and see that the Lord is good : blessed is the man that trustet 
in him. 22 The Lord redeemetli the soul of his servant 
and none of them that trust in him shall be desolate. — 37: 
Trust in the Lord, and do good ; so shalt thou dwell in tl 
land, and verily thou shalt be fed. — 38: 15 Li thee,0 LoRXsy 
do I hope : fhou wilt hear, O Lord my God. — 40: 4 Blesses/ 
is tluit man that miiketh the Lord his trust, and respecteth no/ 
the proud, nor such as turn aside to lies. — 112: 6 Surely ho 
shall not be moved for ever : the righteous shall be in ever- 
lasting remembrance. 7 lie shall not be afraid of evil tidings: 
his heart is fixed, trusting in the Lord. 8 His heart is estab- 
lished, he shall not be afraid, until he see his desire upon his 
enemies. — 1 18: 8 It is better to trust in the Lord than to put 
confidence in man. 9 It is better to trust in the Lord than to put 
confidence in princes. — 125: 1 They that trust in the Lord 
shall he as mount Zion, which cannot be removed, hiU abideth 
for ever. — 1 4G: 5 Happy is he that hath the God of Jacob for 
his help, wliose hope is in the Lord his God. 

Pr. 18: 10 The name of the Lord is a strong tower: the 
righteous runneth into it, and is safe. — 28: 25 lie that putteth 
his trust in the Lord shall be made fat. — 29: 25 The fear of 
man bringeth a snare : but whoso putteth his trnst in the Lord 
shall be safe. — 30: 5 Every word of God is pure : he is a 
shield unto tliem that put their trust in him. 

Is. 26: 3 Thou wilt keep him in perfect peace whose mind is 
stayed on thee : because he trusteth in thee. — 57: 13 He that 
putteth his trust in me shall ix)ssess the land, and shall inherit 
my holy mountain. 

Jer. 17: 7 Blessed is the man that trusteth in the Lord, and 
whose hope the Loud is. 8 He shall be as a tree planted 
by the waters, and that spreadeth out her roots by the river, 
and shall not see when heat cometh, but her leaf shall be green ; 
and shall not be careful in the year of drought, neither shall 
cease from yielding fruit. 

294. Examples of trust and hope in God. 

1 S. 17: 37 David said moreover. The Lord that delivered 
me out of the paw of the lion, and out of the paw of the bear, 
he will deliver me out of the hand of this Philistine. 

2 K 18: 5 He [Hezekiah] trusted in the Lord God of 
Israel ; so that after him was none like him among all the 
kings of Judah, nor am that were before him. 6 For he 

206 



OOD'S LAW — PRIMABT BEQUIREMEXTS. 295,296 
Obedience and Worship required — Joy in God required. 



clave to the Lord, and departed not from following him, but 
tept his commandinents, Avhich the Loud commanded Moses. 
7 And the Lord was with him : and he prospered whitherso- 
ever he went forth : and he rebelled agamst the king of Assy- 
ria, and served him not. 

Job 13: 15 Though he slay me, yet will I trust in him. 
Ps. 7: 1 O Lord my God, in thee do I put my trust : save 
Wxe fit)m all them that persecute me, and deliver me. — 5G: 4 
In God I will praise his word, in God I have put my trust ; I 
^svill not fear what flesh can do unto me. — 71: 5 For thou art 
ttxy hope, O Lord God : thoa art my trust from my youth. 

Dan. 3: 16 Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego, answer(».d 
^Jid said to the king, O Nebuchadnezzar, we are not careful to 
^aiswer thee in this matter. 17 If it be so, our God whom we 
s^rve is able to deliver us from the burning fiery furnace, and 
lie will deliver us out of tliine hand, O Wn^. 18 But if not, 
c>e it known unto thee, O king, that we will not serve thy gods, 
^^or worship the golden image which thou hast set up. 
[See 659.] 

295. Obedience, IiomagCj and supreme devotion to God required. 

Dt 13: 4 Ye shall walk after the "Lord your God, and fear 
liiin, and keep his commandments, and obey his voice, and ye 
^hall serve him, and cleave unto him. 

Ps. 95: 6 O come, let us Avorship and bow down : let us 
ineel before the Lord our maker. 7 For he is our God ; and 
^e are the people of his pasture, and the sheep of his hand. 
To-day if ye will hear his voice, 8 Harden not your heart, as 
in the provocation, a?id as in the day of temptation in the 
wilderness. — 90:9 O worship the Lord in the beauty of 
holiness: fear before him, all the earth. — 99:5 Exalt ye 
the Lord our God, and worship at liis footstool ; for he is 
holy. 

Ec. 12: 13 Let us hear the conclusion of the whole matter: 
Fear God, and keep his commandments : for this is the whole 
duty of man. 

Rom. 12: 1 I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mer- 
cies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, 
acceptable unto God, lohich is your reasonable service. 

Col. 3: 23 Whatsoever ye do, do it heartily, as to the Lord, 
and not unto men ; 24 Knowing that of the Lord ye shall 
receive the reward of the inheritance: for ye serve the Lord 
Christ. [See 285, 288, 290, 661, 744-5.] 

296. Joy in God r&juired, 

1 Ch. 16: 31 Let the heavens be glad, and let the earth 

207 



297 god's law — PRIMARY REQUIREMENTS. 

Jov in Go J. — Examples. 

rejoice : and let 7nen say among the nations, The Lord reignetL 
32 Let the sea roar, and the fulness thereof: let the fields 
rejoice, and all that is therein. 

Ps. 5: 1 1 But let all those that put their trust in thee rejoice : 
let them ever shout for joy, because thou defendest them : let 
them also that love thy name be joyful in thee. — 32: 11 Be glad 
in the Lord, and rejoice.ye righteous : and shout for joy, allyc 
t/^at are upright in heart. — 33: 1 Rejoice in the Lord, O ye 
righteous : fur praise is comely for the upright. — 37: 4 Delight 
tliyself Siho in the Lord ; and he shall give thee the desires 
of tliine heart. — 40: IG Let all those that seek thee rejoice 
and be glad in tliee : let such as love thy salvation say contin- 
ually, the Lord be magnified. — 08: 3 Let the righteous be 
glad : let them rejoice before God : yea, let them exceedingly 
rejoice. 4 Sing unto God, sing praises to his name : extol 
him that ridetli upon the heavens by his name JAH, and 
rejoice before him. — 97: 1 The Lord reigneth : let the earth 
rejoice ; let the multitude of isles be glad thereof, 2 Clouds 
and darkness are round about him : righteousness and judgment 
are the habitation of his throne. — 149: 2 Let Israel rejoice in 
him that made him : let the children of Zion be joyful in their 
King. 

Is. 41: 16 Thou shalt rejoice in the Lord, and shalt glory in 
the Holy One of Israel. 

Ph. 3: 1 Finally, my brethren, rejoice in the Lord. — 4: 4 
Rejoice in the Lord always : and again I say, Rejoice. 

[See 52.] 

297. Examples of Jot/ in God. 

1 S. 2: 1 Hannah prayed, and said. My heart rejoiceth 
in the Lord, mine horn is exalted in the Lord ; my mouth 
is enlarged over mine enemies; because I rejoice in thy 
salvation. 

Neh. 8: 10 He said unto them. Go your way, eat the fat, 
and drink the sweet, and send portions unto them for whom 
nothing is prepared: lor this day is holy unto our Lord: 
neither be ye sorry ; for the joy of the Lord is your strength. 

Hab. 3: 17 Although the fig-tree shall not blossom, neither 
shall fruit be in the vines ; the labor of the olive shall fail, and 
the field shall yield no meat ; the flock shall be cut off from the 
fold, and there shall be no herd in the stalls : 18 Yet I will 
rejoice in the Lord, I will joy in the God of my salvation. 
19 The Lord God is my strength, and he will make my feet 
like hinds' feet, and he will make me to walk upon mine high 
places. 

208 



god's law — PRIMABT REQUIBElfSNTS. 298,299 

Sobmiasion to €kxl and hid Law re(|[ulred and exemplified. 

1 Pet. 1: 8 Whom liaving not seen, ye love ; in whom, 
tbough now ye see him not, yet believing, ye rejoice with joy 
luiapeakable, and full of glory. 

298. Submission to God required — rebellion forbidden. 

Lev. 26: 41 If then their uncircumcised heaits be humbled, 

and they then accept of the punishment of their iniquity: 

42 Then will I remember my covenant with Jacob, and also 

my covenant with Isaac, and also my covenant with Abraliam 

iPill I remember ; and I will remember the land. 43 The land 

also shall be left of them, and shall enjoy her sabbaths, while 

she lieth desolate without them : and they shtdl accept of the 

punishment of their iniquity; because, even because they 

despised my judgments, and because their soul abhorred my 

statutes. 

Dt. 27: 26 Cursed he he that confirmeth not all the words of 
tbis law to do them : and all the people shall say, Amen. 
Is. 45: 9 Wo unto him that -striveth with his Maker I 
Mat. 6: 9 After this manner therefore pray ye : Our Father 
'W'hich art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name. 10 Thy king- 
djom come. Thy will be done in earth as it is in heaven. 
Jam. 4: 7 Submit yourselves therefore to God. 
[See 278, 536.] 

299. Submission unconditional to God, exemplified. 

Lev. 10: 1 Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, took 

either of them his censer, and put fire therein, and put incense 

'thereon, and offered strange fire before the Lord, which he 

^»mmanded them not. 2 And there went out fire from the 

XoRD, and devoured them, and they died before the Lord. 

8 Moses said unto Aaron, This is it that the Lord spake, 

saying, I will be sanctified in them that come nigh me, 

and before all the people I will be glorified. And Aaron held 

his peace. 

1 S. 3: 14 Therefore I have sworn unto the house of Eli, 
that the iniquity of Eli's house shall not be purged with sac- 
rifice nor /offering for ever. 18 And Samuel told him every 
whit, and hid notlung from him. And he said. It is the Lord : 
let him do what seemeth him good. 

2 S. 15: 25 The king [David] said unto Zadok, Carry 
back the ark of God into the city : If I shall find favor in the 
eyes of the Lord, he will bring me again, and shew me both it, 
and his habitation : 26 But if he thus say, I have no delight 
in thee ; behold, here am I, let him do to me as seemeth good 

unto him. 

18* ^09 



800 OOD'S law — PRIMARY REQUIRBMENTS. 



Honoring God required. 



Job 1: I'J IJehold, there came a great wind from the 
wilderness, and smote the four corners of tlie house, and it fell 
upon the young men, and they are dead; and I only am 
escaped alone to tell thee. 20 Then Job arose, and rent his 
mantle, and shaved his head, and fell down upon the ground, 
and worsliipped, 21 And said. Naked canie I out of my 
mother's womb, and naked shall I return thither : The Lord 
gave, and the Lord hath taken away ; blessed be the name of 
the Lord. 

Ps. 39: 9 I was dumb, I opened not my mouth; because thoii 
didst it. 

Mat. 26: 39 He went a little fbrther, and fell on his face, 
and prayed, saying, O my Father, if it be possible, let this cup 
pass from me: nevertheless, not as I will, but as thou tatlt. 

Lk. 15: 18 I will arise and go to my father, and will say 
unto him, Father, I have sinned against heaven, and before 
thee. 19 And am no more Avorthy to be called thy son : make 
me as one of thy hired servants. — 23: 40 The other answer- 
ing, rebuked him, saying, Dost not thou fear God, seeing thou 
art in the same condemnation ? 41 And we indeed justly ; 
for we receive the due rewai^d of our deeds : but this man hath 
done nothing amiss. 

Ac. 21: 14 When he would not be persuaded, we ceased, 
saying. The will of tlie Lord be done. 

Rev. 19: 1 After these things I heard a great voice of much 
people in heaven, saying, Alleluia : Salvation, and glory, and 
honor, and power, unto the Lord our God : 2 For time and 
righteous are his judgments: for he hath judged the great 
whore, which did corrupt the earth with her fornication, and 
hath avenged the blood of his servants at her hand. 3 And 
again they said. Alleluia. And her smoke rose up for ever 
and ever. [See 356, 414, 674.] 

300. IlonoriJifj and glorifijing Cod required and exemplified. 

1 Ch. 16: 28 Give unto the Lord, ye kindreds of the people, 
give unto the Lord glory and strength. 29 Give unto the 
Lord the glory dm unto his name : bring an offering, .and 
come before him : worship the Lord in the beauty of holi- 
ness. 

Job 36: 24 Eemember that thou magnify his work which 
men behold. 

Ps. 115: 1 Not unto us, O Lord, not unto us, but unto thy 
name give glory, for thy mercy, and for thy truth's sake. 

Pr. 3: 9 Honor the Lord with thy substance, and with the 
first-fruits of all thine increase. 
210 



|90D'e^ LAW — PRIMARY REQUIREMENTS. 801 



God displeased, ^vhcn wc do not lior.or him. 



Jer. 13: 16 Give glory to the Lord your God, before he 
cause darkness, and before your feet stumble upon the dark 
mountains, and wliile ye look for light, he turn it into the 
shadow of death, and make it gross darkness. 

Mai. 1: 6 A son honoreth his father, and a servant his mas- 
ter : if then Ibe fx, father, where is mine honor ? and if I ie a 
master, where is my fear ? saith the Lord of hosts unto you, 
O priests, that despise my name. 

Jn. 5: 22 The Father judgeth no man ; but hath committed 
all judgment unto the Son : 2-) That all men should honor 
the Son, even as they honor the Father, lie that honoreth 
not the Son, honoreth not the Father which hath sent him. — 
8: 49 Jesus answered, I have not a devil ; but I honor my 
Pather, and ye do dishonor me. 

1 Cor. G: 20 Ye are bought with a price : therefore glorify 
God in your body, and in your spirit, which ai'e God's. — 10: 31 
Whether therefore ye eat or drink, or whatsoever ye do, do all 
to the glory of God. 

1 Tim. 1: 17 Now unto the King eternal, immortal, invisible, 
the only wise God, he honor and glory for ever and ever. 

Eev. 4: 11 Thou art worthy, O Lord, to receive glory, and 
honor, and power : for thou hast created all things, and for thy 
pleasure they are and were created. [See b'd^,^ 

301. God displeased with those who will not honor and (jlorify him. 

1 S. 2: 30 Them that honor me I will honor, and they that 
despise me sliall be lightly esteemed. 

Dan. 5: 23 The God in whose hand thy breath is, and whose 
are all thy ways, hast thou not glorified. 24 Then was the 
part of the hand sent from him ; and this writing was written. 
ho And this is the writing that was written, MENE, MENE, 
TEKEL, UPIIARSIN. 

Mai. 2: 2 If ye will not hear, and if ye will not lay it to 
heart, to give glory unto my name, saith the Lord of hosts, I 
will even send a curse upon you, and I will curse your bless- 
ings ; yea, I have cursed them already, because ye do not lay 
it to heart. 

Ac. 12: 23 Immediately the angel of the Lord smote him, 
because he gave not God the gloiy: and he was eaten of 
worms, and gave up the ghost. 

Rom. 1: 21 When they knew God, they glorified /«m not as 
God, neither were thankful, but became vain in their imagina- 
tions, and their foolish heart was darkened. 24 God also gave 
them up 10 uncleanness, through the lusts of their own hearts, 
to dishonor their own bodies between themselves. [See 230.] 

211 



802 god's moral goyebnment. 

ProniLies to the obedient. 



GOD'S MORAL GOVERNMENT. 
302. Promises of temporal good and eternal life to the obedient. 

Ex. 20: 6 Shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love 
me, and keep mj commandments. 

Lev. 18: 5 Ye shall therefore keep my statutes and my 
judgments : which if a man do, he shall five in them : I am 
the Lord. 

Dt. 32: 46 He said unto them, Set your hearts unto all the 
words which I testify among you this day, which ye shall 
command your children to observe to do, all the words of this 
law. 47 For it is not a vain thing for you: because it is your 
life. 

Neh. 9: 29 And testifiedst against them, that thou mightest 
bring them again unto thy law : yet they dealt proudly, and 
hearkened not unto thy commandments, but sinned against thy 
judgments, (which if a man do, he shall live in them.) 

Ps. 19: 11 Moreover, by them is thy servant warned: and in 
keeping of them i/iere is great reward. — 25: 10 All the paths 
of the Lord are mercy and truth unto such as keep his cove- 
nant and his testimonies. — 103: 17 The mercy of the Lord is 
from everlasting to everlasting upon them that fear him, and 
his righteousness unto children's children; 18 To such as 
keep Ids covenant, and to those that remember his command- 
ments to do them. 

Pr. 3: 1 My son, forget not my law ; but let thine heart 
keep my commandments : 2 For length of days, and long life, 
and peace shall they add to thee. 

Is. 1: 1 9 If ye be willing and obedient, ye shall eat the good 
of the land: 20 But if ye refuse and rebel, ye shall bo 
devoured with the sword: for the mouth of the Lord hath 
spoken it. 

Ezk. 18: o But if a man be just, and do that which is lawful 
and right, 9 Hath walked in my statutes, and hath kept my 
judgments, to deal truly ; he is just, he shall surely live, saith 
the Lord God. — 20: 13 The house of Israel rebelled against 
me in the wilderness: they walked not in my statutes, and they 
despised my judgments, which if a man do, he shall even live 
in them. 

Mat. 7: 21 Not eveiy one that saith unto me. Lord, Lord, 
shall enter into the kingdom of heaven, but he tliat doeth the 
will of my Father which is in heaven. 24 Therefore, whoso- 
ever heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth them, I will liken 
hini unto a wise man, which built his house upon a rook : 25 
212 



OOD'S moral OOYBBNMENT — THE GOSPEL. 303,804 



Punishment of tho iU:<obcdicut — Origin of the Uosiicl. 



the rain descended, and the floods aime, and the winds 

lew, and heat upon that house ; and it fell not : for it was 

mounded upon a rock. — 19: 17 He said unto him, Why callest 

:.hou me good? there ts none good but one, that is, God: but if 

bhou wilt enter into life, keep the commandments. 

Lik. 10: 27 He answering said. Thou shalt love the Lord thy 

<Tod with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy 

etixingth, and with all thy mind ; and thy neighbor as thyself. 

28 And he said unto him, Thou hast answered right : this do, 

and thou shalt live. 

Jn. 12: 26 If any man serve me, let him follow me, and 
"where I am, there shall also my servant be : if any man serve 
me, him will nu/ Father honor. 

Rom. 10: 5 Moses describeth the righteousness which is of 
the law, That the man which doeth those things shall live by 
them. 

1 Tim. 4: 8 Godliness is profitable unto all things, having 
promise of the life that now is, and of that which is to come. 

Rev. 22: 14 Blessed are they that do his commandments, 
that they may have right to the tree of life, and may enter in 
through the gates into the city. [See 485, 002, GoO.] 

303, IVireats of present and future evils to the disobedient. 

Ps. 34: 16 The face of the Lokd is against them that do 
evil, to cut off the remembrance of them from the earth. 

Is. 1: 20 If ye refuse and rebel, ye shall be devoured with 
the sword : for the mouth of the Loud hath spoken it. 

Rom. 2: 7 To them who by i)atient continuance in Avell- 
doing, seek for glory, and honor, and immortality; eternal life: 
8 But unto them that are contentious, and do not obey the 
truth, but obey unrighteousness: indignation and wrath, 9 
Tribulation and anguish, upon every soul of man that doeth 
evil ; of the Jew first, and also ol»the Gentile : 10 But glory, 
honor, and peace, to every man that worketh good ; to the Jew 
first, and also to the Gentile. 

1 Cor. 6: Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not in- 
herit the kingdom of God? [See 486, 561-7, 733.] 

GOSPEL, OR PLAN OF REDEMPTION. 

304. Its origin in God's eternal purpose, 

Ep. 1: 3 Blessed he the God and Father of our Lord Jesus 
Christ, who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessings in 
heavenly places in Christ : 4 According as he hath chosen us 

213 



305y806 008PKL, OR PLAN OF REDEUPTION. 

Is of grace — itd terms. 

in him, before the foundation of the world, that we should he 
holy and without blame before him in love. — 3: 11 According 
to the eternal i)urpose which he purposed in Chi*ist Jesus our 
Lord. 

1 Pet. 1: 19 With the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb 
without blemish and without spot: 20 Who verily was fore- 
ordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest 
in these last times for you. [See 249 — 2j1.] 

305. 6'osyW a schema of (jracp. 

Ac 20: 24 None of these things move me, neither count I 
my life dear unto myself, so that I might finish my course with 
joy, and tlie ministry which I have received of the Lord Jesus, 
to testify the gos])el of the grace of God. 

llom. i): 21 Tliat as sin hath reigned unto death, even so 
might grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life, by 
Jesus Christ our Lord. [See i)S(d.'] 

306. 7/,s' Unns^ as distitfjulsli&l f.om those of tJic liw. 

Mlc. 16: 15 And he said unto them, Go ye into all the world, 
and preach the gospel to every creature. 1 6 He that believ- 
eth and is baptized, shall be saved ; but he that belie veth not, 
sliall be damned. 

Ac. 2: 38 Then Peter said unto them. Repent, and be bap- 
tized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ, for the 
remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy 
Ghost. 

2 Cor. 5:18 All things are of God, who hath reconciled us 
to himself by Jesus Christ, and hath given to us the ministry 
of reconciliation ; 19 To wit, that God Avas in Christ, recon- 
ciling the Avorld unto himself, not imputing their trespasses 
unto them ; and hath committed unto us the word of recon- 
ciliation. 20 Now then w^ are ambassadors for Christ, as 
though God did beseech you by us : we pray you in Christ's 
stead, be ye reconciled to God. 

Gal. 3: 10 As many as are of the works of the law, are 
under the curse : for it is written. Cursed is every one that 
continueth not in all things which are written in the book of 
the law to do them. 1 1 But that no man is justified by the 
law in the sight of God, it is evident : for. The just shall live 
by faith. 12 And the law is not of faith: but, The man that 
doeth them shall live in them. 

Col. 1: 20 Having made peace through the blood of his 
cross, by him to reconcile all things unto himself; by him, I say, 
*'hether t/tey be things in earth, or things in heaven. 21 And 
214 



GOSPEL, OR PLAN OP REDEMPTION. 307 — 309 

All-comprehensive — requires perfection — Penalty of. 

you, that were sometime alienated and enemies in your mind 
by wicked works, yet now hath he reconciled. [See 183, 606.] 

307. Plan of the gospel., all-eomprehensive. 

Ep. 1: 9 Having made known unto us the mystery of his 
will, according to his good pleasure, which he hath purposed 
m himself: 10 That in the dispensation of the fulness of 
times he might gather together in one all things in Christ, both 
which are in heaven, and which are on earth ; eve7i in him : 
11 In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being pre- 
destinated according to the purpose of him who worketh all 
things after the counsel of his o^vn will : 1 2 That we should 
be to the praise of his glory, who first trusted in Christ. — 
3: 8 Unto me, who am less than the least of all saints, is this 
grace given, that I should preach among the Gentiles the un- 
Bearchable riclies of Christ ; 9 And to make all men see what 
is the fellowship of the mystery, which from tlie beginning of 
the world hath been hid in God, who created all things by 
^esus Christ : 10 To the intent that now unto the principiilities 
and powers in heavenly places might be known by the church 
the mjmifold wisdom of God, 1 1 According to the eternal pur- 
pose which he purposed in Clinst Jesus our Lord : 1 2 In whom 
we have boldness and access with confidence by the faith of 
him. [See 251.] 

308. 2%e gospel requires as high moral perfection as the law. 

Mat. 5: 48 Be ye therefore perfect, even as your Father 
which is in heaven is perfect. 

Rom. 6: 15 Wliat then ? shall we sin, because we ai-e not 
under the law, but under grace ? God forbid. [See 285, 501.] 

309. Fearful penalty of the gospel for resisting its light. 

Mat. 7: 26 And every one that heareth tKese sayings of 
mine, and doeth them not, shall be likened unto a foolish man, 
which built his house upon the sand : 27 And the rain de- 
scended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat 
upon that house; and it fell: and great was the fidl of it. — 
11:20 Then began he to upbraid the cities wherein most of 
his mighty works were done, because they repented not. 21 
Wo unto thee, Chonizin ! wo unto thee, Bethsaida ! for if the 
mighty works which were done in you, had been done in Tyre 
and Sidon, they would have repented long ago in sackcloth 
and ashes. 22 But I say unto you. It shall be more tolerable 
for Tyre and Sidon at the day of judgment, than for you. 23 
And thou, Capernaum, which art exalted unto heaven, shalt 

215 



810 GOVEIi^'MENT CIVIL. r 

Civil guvuriiiucnt of God. 

be brought down to hell : for if the mighty works which hav^ 
beeu done iu tliee, had been done in Sodom, it would have re~ 
muined until tliis day. 21 But 1 say mito you, That it shall 
be more tolerable lor the land of Sodomy in the day of judg- 
ment, tiiaii lur thee. — VI: 41 The men of ^Nineveh shall rise 
in judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it : be- 
cause they repented at the j^reaching of Jonas ; and behold, a 
greater than Jonas is here. [Lk. 11: i^l, ii2.] 

Lk. 12: 17 That tiervant which knew his lord's will, and 
prepiU'ed not himself, neither did according to his will, shall be 
beaten with many stripes, 4b iJut he that knew not, and did 
commit things worthy of stripes, shall be beaten with few 
stripes, iiov unto whomsoever much is given, of him shall be 
much required ; and to whom men have committed much, of 
liim they will a^k the more. 

Jn. ii: VJ This is the condemnation, tlnit light is come into 
the world, and men loved dai'kness rathei* than light, because 
then* deeds were evil. 

lleb. lU: 20 if we sin wilfully alter that we have received 
the knowledge of the truth, there remaineth no more saci'iiice 
for sins, 27 But a certain fearful looking lor of judgment and 
fiery indignation, which shall devour the adversaries. 28 He 
that despised Moses' law, died without mercy under two or 
three witnesses : 2'J Of hoNV mucii sorer punislmient, suppose 
ye, bhail lie be thought worthy, who hath trodden under loot 
the JSon of God, and haih counted the blood of the covenant, 
wherewith he was sanctilied, an unholy tliuig, and hath done 
despite unto the JSpirit of grace ? [See 101, iJ46.] 



CIVUL GOVEUNAIEJS^T. 
310. Diviiit authority for civil (/oucrHiutiU. 

Ex. 18: 2o Moses chose able men out of all Isi-ael, and 
made them heads over the jjcople, rulers of thousands, rulei'S 
of hundreds, rulers of iifties, and rulers of tens. 20 And they 
judged the people at all seasons : the hard causes they brought 
unto Mos>es, but every small matter they judged themselves. 

A'um. 11: 11 And Moses said unto the IjOUD, Wherefore 
hast thou attUcted thy servant ? and wherei'ore have I not found 
favor in thy sight, that thou lay est the burden of all tliis people 
upon me? 10 And the Loud said unto Moses, Gather unto 
me seventy men of the elders of Israel, whom thou knowest to 
be the elders of the peoi)ie, and olilcers over them ; and bring 
them unto the tabernacle of the congregation, that they may 
216 



GOVERNMENT CIVIL. 3H 



Expediency of. 



Stand there with thee. 17 And I will come down and talk 
with thee there ; and I will take of the spirit Avhich is upon 
thee, and will put it upon them : and they shall bear the burden 
of the people with thee, that thou bear it not thyself alone. 
[Dt 1: 9—18.] 

Num. 27: 15 Moses spake unto the Lord, saying, 16 Let 
the Lord, the God of the spirits of all flesh, set a man over 
the congregation, 17 Which may go out before them, and 
which may go in before them, and which may lead them out^ 
and which may bring them in ; that the congregation of the 
Lord be not as sheep which have no shepherd. 18 And the 
Lord said unto Moses, Take thee Joshua the son of Nun, a 
man in whom is the spirit, and lay thine hand upon him ; 19 
And set him before Eieazar the priest, and before all the con- 
gregation : and give him a charge in their sight. 20 And thou 
shaJt put so7ne of thine honor upon him, that all the congrega- 
tion of the children of Israel may be obedient. 

Dt. 16: 18 Judges and ofHcers shalt thou make thee in all 
thy gates, which the Lord thy God giveth thee, throughout 
thy tribes : and they shall judge the people with just judg- 
ment. 19 Thou shalt not wrest judgment ; thou shalt not 
respect persons, neither take a gift : for a gift doth blind the 
eyes of the wise, and pervert the words of the righteous. 

Pr. 8: 12 I wisdom dwell with i)rudence. 15 By me kings 
reign, and princes decree justice. 16 By me princes rule, and 
nobles, even all the judges of the earth. 

Ac. 13: 20 After that, he gave linto them judges, about the 
space of four hundred and fifty years, until Samuel the prophet. 

Rom. 13: 3 Rulers are not a terror to good works, but to the 
evil. Wilt thou then not be afraid of the power ? do that 
which is good, and thou shalt have ])raise of the same : 4 For 
he is the minister of God to thee for good. But if thou do 
that which is evil, be afraid ; for he beai-eth not the sword in 
vain : for he is the minister of God, a revenger to execute wrath 
upon him that doeth evil. 5 Wherefore ye must needs be sub- 
ject, not only for wrath, but also for conscience' sake. 6 For, 
for this cause pay ye tribute also : for they are God's ministers, 
attending continually upon this very tiling. 

81 1. Eocpcdiency of civil (jovernment with penalties. 

Dt. 13: 10 Thou shalt stone him with stones that he die ; 
because he hath sought to thrust thee away from the Lord thy 
God, which brouglit thee out of the land of Egypt from the 
house of bondage. 1 1 And all Israel shall hear, and fear, and 
shall do no more any such wickedness as this is among you. — • 

19 217 



«il2yS13 OOVEKNMKNT CIVIL. 



Qualifications and duties of rulers. 



19: 18 The judges shall make diligent inquisition : and behold, 
if the Avitness he a lUlse witness, and hath testified falsely 
against his brother ; 11) Then shall ye do unto him, as he had . 
thought to liave done unto liis brother : so shalt thou put the m 
evil away from among you. 20 And those which remain shalL^ 
hear, and fear, and shall henceforth commit no more any sucl^ 
evil among you. 

2 Ch. 9: 8 Blessed he the Lord thy Grod, which delighted 
in thee to set thee on his throne, to he king for the Lord th^^ 
Grod : because thy God loved Israel, to establish them for ever, 
therefore made he thee [Solomon] king over them, to do judg- 
ment and justice. 

Pr. 20: 8 A king that sitteth in the throne of judgment^ 
Bcattereth away all evil with his eyes. 26 A wise king scafc- 
tereth the wicked, and bringeth the wheel over them. 

Is. 1: 26 I will restore thy judges as at the first, and thy 
counsellors as at the bcgiiming : afterward thou shalt be called, 
The city of lighteou.sness, the faithful city. 

1 Tim. 1: 8 We know that the law is good, if a man use it 
lawfully; 9 Kjiowing tliis, that the law is not made for a 
righteous man, but for the lawless and disobedient, for the 
ungodly and for sinners, for unholy and profane, for murderers 
of fathers, imd murderers of mothers, for manslayers, 10 For 
whoremongers, for them that defile themselves with mankind, 
for menstealers, for liars, for perjured persons, and if there be 
any other thing that is contrary to sound doctrine. 

Pr. 26: 3, and 20: 30. [See 494] 

812. QiiaUJications of civil rulers. 

Ex. 18: 21 Thou shalt provide out of all the people, able 
men, such as fear Grod, men of truth, hating covetousness ; and 
place such over them to he rulers. 

Dt. 1: 13 Take you wise men, and understanding, and known 
among your tribes, and I will make them rulers over you. 
15 So I took the chief of your tribes, wise men, and known, 
and naade them heads over you, captains over thousands, and 
captains over hundreds, and captains over fifties, and captains 
over tensy and officers among your tribes. 

2 S. 23: 3 The God of Israel said, the Rock of Israel spake 
to me. He that ruleth over men mmt he just, ruling in the fear 
of God. 



313. Duties of civil rtders. 

Dt 1:16 I 



the causes between your 

91ft 



218 



civil rulers. 

charged your judges at that time, saying. Hear 
een your brethren, and judge righteously between 



GOVERNMENT CIVIL. 313 



Duties of Ru1pi>-. 



eoery man and his brother, and the sti-anger that is with him. 

17 Ye shall not respect persons in ju(lp:ineiit ; but ye shiill hear 

the small as well as the great ; ye shall not l)e atrai<l of the 

fece of man; for the judgment is God's. [Dt. 1(5: 10.] 

17: 15 Thou shalt in anv wise set /tim kiii": over tliee whom 

the Lord thy God shall choose. 18 And it sliall be wlien 

he sitteth upon the tlu'one of his kingdom, that he sliall 

10*116 him a copy of this law in a book out of t/u/t which 

is before the i)riests and Leviics. 19 And it sliall be 

inth him, and he shall read therein all tlie davs of his life : 

that he may learn to fear the Lord his God, to kevj) all the 

woixls of this law and these statutes, to do tliem : 2U That his 

heart be not lifted up above his brethren, and that he turn not 

aside from the commandment ^o the right hand or to the left. — 

19: 18 The judges shall make diligent inquisition : and bohold, 

tfthe witness be a false witness, fmd huth testilied ialsely 

a<rainsthis brother ; 19 Then siiall ve do unto him, as he had 

tliought to have done unto his brother. — 2o: 1 If there be u 

controversy between men, and they come unto jndgm«'nt, that 

the judges may judge them ; then they sliall justify the righteous, 

and condemn the wicked. 2 And it ?hall be, if the wicked 

man he worthy to be beaten, that llie judge shall cause him to 

lie down, and to be beaten before his face, according to his fault. 

Ps. 82: 2 How h>ng will ye judge unjustly, and accept the 
persons of the wicked ? *3 Defend the j)oor and iatherless: do 
justice to the anllcted and needy. 4 Deliver the poor and 
needv : rid them out of the haiid of the wicked. 

Pr. IC: 12 Jt is an abomination to kings to commit wicked- 
ness : for the throne is established bv righteousness. — 20: 28 
Mercy and truth j)reserve the king: andliis throne isupholden 
by mercy. — 2;): 14 The king that faithfully judgeth the }>oor, 
his throne shall be established ibr ever. — .*31: 4 It is not for 
kings, O Lenniel, it is not for kings to drink wine ; nor for 
princes strong drink : o Lest tliey drink, and forget the law, 
and pervert the judgment of any of the atllicted. 

Jer. 'I'h 2 Say, Ilear the word of the Loud, O king of Judah, 
that sittest upon the throne of David, tliou, and thy servants, 
and thy people that enter in by these gates : 3 Thus siiith the . 
Lord ; Execute ye judgment and righteousnes.-, and deliver 
the spoiled out of the hand of the oppressor : and do no wrong, 
do no violence to the stranger, the fatherless, nor the widow, 
neither shed innocent blood in this place. 15 Shalt thou 
reign, because thou closest thyself in cedar ? did not thy father 
eat and drink, and do judgment and justice, and then it teas 
well with him? IG lie judged the cause of the j)oor and 

219 



314 GOVERNMENT GIYIL. 

l>utu-s of Subjects. 

needy; then it was well with him: was not this to know me? 
saith the Loud. 

Ezk. \'K \) Thu.-> jjiiitli the Lord God; Let it suffice you, 
prin<:cs of Isrii<*l : remove violence and s})oil, and execute judg- 
ment and ju>ti(.'t*. take away your exactions from my people, 
Kiiih tin- J.ord God. 1<> Ve shall have just balances, and » , 

just cphali, and a just bath. !•'): IH The prince shall not take ^ 

of i1h* i»co|>1(*'s inlivTitance by o})i>ression, to thrust them out of T 
then* j»()sst'ssion ; hut he sliall give his sons inheritance out of "^ 
his own jiusscssion : that my peoide be not scattered eveiy mai^^ 
ironi his [>o.-ses3ion. 

IMA. I !'ili'>i of siil.Jd-.'s towttrd civil rnli-rs. 

Ex. 'I'l: '28 Thou shalt not revile the gods, nor curse the 
ruler cjf thy |)eo])l(». [Ac. 2?»: -1, o.] 

J)t. 17: T!i()u shalt come unto the priests the Levites, and 
unto tiiejndirc that sliall be in those days, and inquire; and 
thcv >hali .-hew iIkk; the scntcnc(^ of indiirment: 10 And thou 
fihalr do accord!'!!'- to the sentence, which they of that place 
which the I.okd .-hall choose shall shew thee; and thou shak 
observe to do ac.<-ordin^ to all that they infonn thee: 11 Ac- 
cordinirto the senicnce of the hiw which they shall teach thee, 
ami acconliniij to the jud^inent which they shall tell thee, thou 
siiah do: thou shalt not decline from the sentence which they 
Bhall sht;w th(»e, i<> the rij^ht liand nor to the left. 

JV'. ^>\ '1 I rminad thff* to kee}> the king's commandment, and 
that \\\ n-jrard of the oath of Gt)d. 

jMat. 17: 21 When they wen^ come to Caj^ernaum, they that 
rect.'ived trihut<'-;/^>//f7/. came to Peter, and said, Doth not your 
]Vla>!('i- J ay tribute? -^'> lie saitli, Ye.s. And Avhen he was come 
into the hous«.', Jesus prevented him, saying. What thinkest thou, 
Simon? of whom do the kings of the earth take customer 
tribute? of their own children, or of strangers? 26 Pctersaitli 
unto him, Of strangers. Jesus .^^aith unto him, Then are the 
children free. 27 ^Notwithstanding, lest we should oifend 
them, go ihou to the sea, and east an hook, and take up theiish 
that lirst cometli uj) : and when thou ha.st opened his mouth, thou 
shalt lino a juece of money: that take, and give unto them for 
me and thee. — '22: 20 lie saith unto them, Whose is this 
image, and superscription ? 21 They say unto him, Cesar's. 
Then saith he unto them. Render therefore unto Cesar, the 
things wliich are Cesar's ; and unto God, the things that are 
God's. 

Rom. 13: 1 Let every soul be subject unto the higher pow- 
ers. For there is no power but of God: the powers that 
220 



GOVEBNMENT CIYIL. 315 



Civil l»enjatic8. 



"be, are ordained of God. 2 Wliosoe\er tlujrefore resisteth 
the power, resisteth the ordinance of God: and thuy that 
resist shall receive to themselves damnation. 5 Where- 
fore f/e must needs be subject, not only for wrath, but also for 
conscience' sake. 6 For this cause pay ye tribute also : for 
they are God*s ministers, attending continually upon this very 
thins:. 7 Render therefore to all their dues : tribute to whom 
tribute is due ; custom to whom cusloni ; fear to whom fear ; 
honor to whom honor. 

1 Tim. 2: 1 I exhort therefore, that, first of all, supplications, 
prayers, intercessions, and giving of thanks be made for all 
men : 2 For kings, and for all tliat are in authonty ; that we 
may lead a quiet and peaceable life in all godliness mid hon- 
esty. 3 For this is good and acceptable in the sight of God 
oar Saviour. 

Tit. 3: 1 Put them in mind to be subject to principalities 
and powers, to obey magistrates, to be ready to every good 
work. 

1 Pet. 2: 13 Submit yourselves to every ordinance of man 
for the Lord's sake : whether it be to the king, as supreme ; 
14 Or unto governors, as unto them that are sent by him for 
the punishment of evil-doerri, and for the praise of them that 
do well. 15 For so is the will of God, that with well-doing 
ye may put to silence the ignorance of foolish men : 1 G As 
free, and not using your libeity for a cloak of maliciousness, but 
as the servants of God. 17 Honor all men. Love the brother- 
hood. Fear God. Honor the king. 

315. Civil penalties divindij apjmntid. 

Gren. 9: 5 Surely your blood of your lives will I require : at 
the hand of every beast will I require it, and at the hand of 
man ; at the hand of every man's brother will I require the 
life of man. G IVhoso shcddeth man's blood, by man shall his 
blood be shed : for in the image of God made he man. 

Ex. 21: 12 He that smiteth a man, so that he die, shall be 
Burely put to death. 13 And if a man lie not in wait, but 
Grod deliver him into his hand; then I will api)oint thee a 
place whither he shall flee. 14 But if a man come presump- 
tuously upon his neighbor, to slay him with guile ; thou shalt 
take him from mine altar, tliat he may die. 15 And he that 
Bmiteth his fatLer, or his mother, shall be surely put to death. 
IC And he that stealeth a man, and selleth him, or if he be 
found in his hand, he shall surely be put to death. 17 And 
he that curseth his father or his mother, shall surely be put to 
death. 

19* 221 



816 GOVEENMENT CIVIL. 



Jcv-i-h C:;i.it:il OffiDCC.«. 



Num. Sj: i)0 Wlio50 killeth any person, the murderer shall 
be put to (li.ath by tL(i niouih ot* v.'itne^se.s: but one witness 
Bhall not l^-*^tilV ii.iaiii>t anv iier^on to cause hhn to die. 31 
Moreover, ye sliall take no satLsfaction for the life of a mur- 
derer, which is guihy of d<'ath: but he shall be surely put to 
death. .S2 And ve shall tiike no satisfaction for him that is 
fled to the city of his refii;^e, that he should come again to 
dwell in the land, until the d(.'ath of the priest. 33 So ye 
shall not i>ollute the land wherein ye are: for blood it defileth 
the land : and the land cannot be cleansed of the blood that 
is shed therein, hut bv the blood of him that shed it. 34 
Delile not tlierelbre the land which ye shall inliabit, wherein 
I dwell : for I the Loirn dwell among the children of Is- 
rael. 

Dt. 10: 18 IJehold, {/'the witness he a false witness, and hath 
testified lalsely a;,^ainst his brother ; 19 Then shall ye do unto 
him, a< he had tliought to have done unto his brother. — 25: 1 
If tliere be a controversy between men, and they come unto 
judgment, tliat the juffycs may judge them ; then they shall 
justify the riglileous, and condemn the wicked. 2 And it shall 
be, if the wicked man he worthy to be beaten, that the judge 
shall cause him to lie down, and to be beaten before his face, 
according to his fault, by a certain number. 3 Forty stripes 
he may give him, and not exceed: lest if he should exceed, 
and beat him above these with many stripes, then thy brother 
should s(;em vile unto thee. 

Pr. 20: 2G A wise king scattereth the wicked, and bringeth 
the wheel over them. — 28: 17 A man that doeth violence to 
the blood of any person shall flee to the pit ; let no man stay 
him. 

Ac. 25: 10 Then said Paul, I stand at Cesar's judgment- 
seat, where 1 ought to be judged : to the Jews have I done no 
wrong, as thou very well knowest. 11 For if I be an offender, 
or liave committed any tlung worthy of deatli, I refuse not to 
die : but if there be none of these things whereof these 
accuse me, no man may deliver me unto them. I appeal unto 
Cesar. 

liom. 13: 4 He is the minister of God to thee for good. But 
if thou do that which is evil, be afraid ; for he beareth not the 
sword in vain : for he is tlie minister of God, a revenger to 
execute wrath upon him tliat doeth evil. 

816 Capital rri/ncs under thn Muscnc rode. 

1. Murder. — Num. 35: 16 The murderer shall surely be put 
to death. 
222 



GOVERNMENT CIVIL. 317 



Penalty for opposing it. 



2. Masphemy. — Lev. 24: 16 He that bLosphemetli the name 
the Lord, he shall surely be put to death. 

3. MaiuteaUng, — Ex. 21: IG lie that stcaletli a man, aud 
^^lleth him, or if he be found in Ills hand, he shall surely be 
^ut to death. 1 Tim. 1: 9. 

4. Idolatry, — Ex. 22: 20 lie that sacrificeth unto any god, 
i^ave unto the Lord only, he shall be utterly destroyed. [Dt. 

17: 2.] 

5. Enticement to Idolatry, — Dt. 13: 6 If thy brother — 
entice thee secretly, saying. Let us go and serve other gods : 
9 Thou shalt surely kill him. 

6. Adultery. — Lev. 20: 10 The adulterer and the adulteress 
Bhall surely be put to death. 

7. Sodomy and Uncleanness, — Lev. 20: 13 If a man also 
Ke with mankind, as he lieth with a woman, both of them have 
conmiitted an abomination : they shall surely be put to death, 
17—20. 

8. Incest. — Lev. 20: 14 If a man take a wife and her 
mother, it is wickedness : they shall be burnt with fire- 
[V. 21.] 

9. Bestiality, — Lev. 20: 15 If a man lie with a beast, he 
shall surely be put to death. [16.] 

10. Witchcraft. — Ex. 2'h 18 Thou shalt not suffer a "vvitch 
to live. 

11. Smiting Parents. — Ex. 21: 15 He that smiteth his 
father, or his mother, shall be surely put to death. [See 54.] 

12. Cursing Parents. — Ex. 21: 17 He that curseth his 
&ther or his mother, shall surely be put to death. [Lev. 20: 9.] 

13. Disobeying Parents. — Dt. 21: 20 This our son is stub- 
bom and rebellious, he will not obey our voice; he is a glutton, 
and a drunkard. 21 And iill the men of his city shall stone 
him with stones, that he die. 

14. Sahhath Profanation. — Ex. 35: 2 Whosoever doeth work 
therein shall be put to death. [Num. 15: 32.] 

15- Endangering Human Life. — Ex. 21: 21) If the ox were 
wont to push with his horn in time past, and it hath been testi- 
fied to his owner, aud he hath not kept him in, but that he hath 
killed a man or a woman; the ox shall be stoned, and his owner 
also shall be put to death. 

317. Opposition to rightful (jovernmcnt frequent — its pcnaltij. 

Num. 16: 3 They gathered themselves together against 
Moses and against Aaron, and said unto them. Ye take too 
much upon you, seeing all the congregation are holy, every 
one of them, and the Lord is among them : wherefore then 

223 



818 GOVERNMENT CIVIL. 



"Wit'ked KiiliTS iiijurions. 



lift ye up yourselves above the congregation of the Lord? 
4 And when ]\Io>es lieai'd it, he fell upon his face : 5 And 
he spake unto Korah and unto all his company, saying, Even 
to-morrow the Lord will shew who are his, and who is holy; 
and will (^ause hiyyi to come near unto him : even him whom 
he hath chosen will he cause to come near unto him. 6 This 
do ; Take you censers, Koi*ah and all his company ; 7 And 
put iire therein, and put incense in them before the Lord to- 
morrow : and it shall be that the man whom the Lord doth 
choose, he shall be holy ; yn take too much upon you, ye sons 
of Levi. 32 And the earth opened her mouth, and swallowed 
them up. 

Dt. 17: 12 The man that will do presumptuously, and will 
not hearken unto the priest that standeth to minister there 
before the Loud thy God, or unto the judge, even that man 
shall die : and thou shalt put away the evil from Israel. 13 
And all the people shall hear, and feai', and do no more pre- 
sumptuously. 

2 Pet. 2: 9 The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out 
of temptations, and to reserve the unjust unto the day of judg- 
ment to be punished: 10 But chiefly them that walk after the 
flesh in the lust of unclean ness, and despise government Pre- 
sumptuous are they, self-willed ; they are not afraid to speak 
evil of dignities. 

Jude 8 Likewise also these filthy dreamers defile the flesh, 
despise dominion, and speak evil of dignities. 

318. II Ichc.d rulers injurious. 

1 K. 14: 10 lie shall give Israel up because of the sins of 
Jeroboam, who did sin, and who made Israel to sin. 

2 Ch. 33: 9 So Manass(ih made Judali and the inhabitants 
of Jerusalem to ei*r, and lo do worse than the heathen, whom 
the Lord had destroyed before the children of Israel. 10 And 
the Lord spake to Manasseli, and to his people: but they 
would not hearken. 11 Wherefore the Loud brought upon 
them the captains of the host of the king of Assyria, which 
took Manasseli among the thorns, and bound him with fetters, 
and carried him to Babylon. 

Ps. 12: 8 The wicked walk on every side, when the vilest 
men are exalted. — 94: 20 Shall the throne of iniquity have 
fellowship with thee, which frameth mischief by a law? 21 
They gather themselves together against the soul of the right- 
eous, and condemn the innocent blood. 

Pr. 28: lu As a roaring lion, and ai-anging bear: so is a 
wicked ruler over the poor people. IG The prince that want- 
224 



GHATITUDE. 319, 820 



I3xnin]inr:<Hl. 



cth understanding is also a grcat oppressor. — 20: 2 When the 
righteous are in authority, the peojile rcjoirc*: but when the 
wicked beareth rule, the j)eople mourn. 1 The king liy judg- 
ment establisheth the land: but he that reccivetli <rif'l.s over- 
throweth it. 

319. Disof/t>i/ing fhe rriclcfd cnuunnu(h of n'ril ruhrs jmtfifhihh: 

Ex. 1: 17 TJie midwives feared Gorl, and did ndt a^ the king 
of E<)^)t commanded them, but sav#?d th(i nien-chihlron alive. 
20 Thei-efore God dealt wcjll with the midwives. 

1 S. 1 -1: 44 Saul answered, Go<l do so, and more also : for 
thou Hhalt surely die, Jonathan. -15 And the ])eople said inito 
Saul, Shall Jonatlum die, who hath wrou«rht this great salva- 
tion in Israel? God forbid: as tlie Loud liveth, there shall 
not one hair of his head fall to the "jix)und; for he hath wrou«rht 
ynih God this da v. 

Dan. 3: 10 Shadi'aoh, !Me-haeh, and Abed-nego, answerc»d 

and said to the king, O Neljuchadnezzar, w(; arc not careful to 

answer thee in this matter. 17 If it be .so, our (jiod whom Ave 

serve is abhj to deh'vcr us from the burning lierv furnace, mid 

lie will deliver vs out of thine hand, O king. 1«S IJut if not, 

1)6 it known unto the<j, king, that we Avill not scne thy gods, 

nor worship the gohlen image which tiiou hast set uj). — 0: 1*3 

Then answered tliciy and said belong the king. That Daniel, 

which is of the children of the cai^tivity of Judah, regardeth 

not thee, O king, nor the decree that thou hast signed, but 

maketh his i>etition three; times a day. 

Ac. 4: II) IVter and John answered and said unto them, 
Whether it be rlj^ht in the sight of God to hearken unto vou 
more than unto God, judge ye. — W, 27 AVhen they had brought 
them, they set //Vm before the council: and the high j)rie.st 
asked them, 28 Saying. Did not we straitly (!onunand you. that 
ye should not leacrh in this name? and behold, ye have filled 
Jerusalem with vour doc!trin(% and intend to bring this num's 
blood upon us. 2'J Then Peter and the oiJtcr apostles answered 
and said, "We ought to obey God rather than men. 



GKATITUDE. 
320. Gratitude PXP.mjUIJicd and rawnrdtd. 

2 S. 0: 6 David said, Mephibosheth. And he answered. 
Behold thy servant! 7 And David said unto him. Fear not: 
for 1 will surely shew thee kindness for Jonathan thy father's 
sake, and will restore thee all the land of Saul thy father : and 

225 



321 — 825 HArPTNESS. 



PonMial — inN'llortunl — bcnPTolent. 



thou slialt eat bread at my table continually. — 19: 32 Barzillai 
was a v(;ry aged man, even fourscore yeai's old : and he had 
provided tlie king of* sustenance while he lay at Mahanaim : 
for he ?ro5 a veiy great man. 33 And the king said unto 
Barzillai, Come thou over with me, and I will feed thee with 
me in Jerusalem. 

JMat. 2;"): 34 Then shall the King say unto them on his right 
hand. Come, ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom 
prepared for yon from the foundation of the world : 35 For I 
was an hungc^red, and ye gave me meat: I was thirsty, and ye 
gave m(3 drink : I wa^ a stranger, and ye took me in : 36 
Naked, and ye clothed me: I was sick, and ye visited me: I 
was in prison, and ye came unto me. 

ILVPPINESS. 

321. Vanitif of seiimial happinrss. 

Ec. 2: 1 I said in my heart, Go to now, I will prove thee 
with mirth ; therefore enjoy pleasure : and behold, this also is 
vanity. 10 And whatsoever mine eyes desired I kept not from 
them, I withheld not my heart from any joy ; for my heart 1*6- 
joiced in all my labor : and this was my portion of all my labor. 
11 Then 1 looked on nil the works that my hands had wrought, 
and on the labor that J ha<l labored to do : and behold, all was 
vanity and vexation of si)irit. [See G27.] 

322. InUllvfiud hnppiyKsa, invnliiGhle. 

Pr. 3: 13 Happy is the man that lindeth wisdom, and the man 
that getteth understanding. 14 For the merchandise of it ts 
better than the nK^rchandise of silver, and the gain thereof than 
fine gold. [See 391-2.] 

323. T/ie happiness of Sf'f-dninl, and ofdoimj (jood, 

2 Cor. 6: 10 As sorrowful, yet always rejoicing: as poor, yet 
making many rich ; as having nothing, and yet possessing all 
things. [See 408, 527, 630, 674.] 

324. The hnppin&ia of hohj dyedirnce. 

Ps. 119: 1 Bhissed are the undefded in the way, who waDr 
in the law of the Loud. 2 Blessed are they that keep hip 
testimonies, and that seek him with the whole heart. 

Pr. 29: 18 Where there is no vision, the people perish: but 
he that keepcth the law, happy is he. [See 286, 630.] 

, 325. The JiappiiKUti of h>nin(j (Itxl. 

1 Pet. 1: 8 Whom having not seen, ye love; in whom, 

220 



HAPPINB8S — HEABT. 326-— 330 

In God — in a good conadence — ITenrt Tolnntaiy — a doable hMXt. 

tfaoogh now ye see him not, jet believing, ye rejoice with joy 
unspeakable, and full of glory. [See 28U.J 

326. The happiness of trusting in God. 

Ps. 40: 4 Blessed is that man that maketh the Lord his 
trust. [See 293-4.] 

827. 7^ happiness of cm appromng conscience. 

2 Cor. 1: 12 Our rejoicing is this, the testimony of our con- 
science, that in simplicity and godly sincerity, not with fleshly 
irisdom, but by the grace of God, we have had our conversation 
in the world. [See 131.] 

328. The happiness of Heaven. 

1 Pet. 4: 13 Rejoice, inasmuch as ye are partakers of Christ's 
sofferings ; that, when his glory shall be revealed, ye may be 
^ad also with exceeding joy. [See 339, 672.] 



HEART. 

329. 77ie heart voluntary j or human activity and responsibility in determining 
sto moral state and clianges. 

Ex. 8: 15 When Pharaoh saw that there was respite, he 
hardened his heart. 

2 S. 15: 6 Absalom stole the hearts of the men of Israel. 

2 Ch. 30: 18 Hezekiah prayed for them, saying, The good 
Lord pardon every one that prei^areth liis heart to seek God- 
Ezra 7: 10 Ezra had prepared his heart to seek the law of 
the Lord. 

Esther 7: 5 Where is he, that durst presume in his heart to 
do so? 

Ps. 73: 13 Verily I have cleansed my heart in vain, and 
washefl my hands in innocency. — 119: 112 I have inclined my 
heart to perform thy statutes alway. 

Pr. 4: 23 Keep thy heart with all diligence. — 23: 26 My 
son, give me thine heart. 

Mat. 5: 28 Whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after her, 
hath committed adultery with her already in his heart 

[See 264, 271, 592, 600.] 

330. A 'divided; ' double heart: 

Ps. 12: 2 With flattering lips cmd with a double heart do they 
speak. — 86: 11 Unite my heart to fear thy name. 
Hos. 10: 2 Their heart is divided. 

227 



dSl--S33 HEABT. 

Its moral qualities — iut cuutrol — ginceiity of demanded. 

331. Z>o moral (jood and evil lie in t/te heart f 

1 K. 8: 18 Whereas it was in thy heart to build a house unto 
my name, thou dids't well that it was in thy heart. 

2 Ch. 32: 2G liezekiah humbled himself' for the pride of bis 
heart. 

Ps. 55: 21 I7ie toords of liis mouth were smoother than 
butter, but war tans in his heart. — 78: 72 lie fed them accord- 
ing to the integrity of his heart — 95: 10 It is a people that do 
err in their heart. 

Pr. G: 14 Frowardness is in liis heart — 23: 7 As he thinketb 
in his heart, so is he. 

Ec. 1): 3 The heart of the sons of men is full of evil, and 
madness is in their heart while they live. 

Is. 10: 7 -ft is in his heart to destroy and cut off nations not 
a few. 

Jer. 48: 29 His pride, and the haughtiness of his heart 

Mat 5: 8 Blessed are the pure in heart. — 15: 18 But those 
things which proceed out of the mouth come fortli from the 
heart; and they defile the man. 19 For out of the heart pro- 
ceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false 
witness, blasphemies. 

Rom. 10: 10 For with the heart, man believeth unto righlr 
eousness. 

Heb. 3: 12 Take heed, brethren, lest there be in any of you 
on evil heai't of unbelief. 

332. Controlllny injliiencf. of the heart. 

Job. 15: 12 Why doth thine heart carry thee away? 

Pr. 4: 23 Keep thy heart with all diligence ; for out of it are 
the issues of life. — 1 G: 9 A man's heart deviseth his way. 

Mat 12: 34 Out of the abundance of the heai*t, the mouth 
speaketh. 35 A good man, out of tlie good treasure of the 
heart, bringeth forth good things : and an evil man, out of the 
evil treasure, bringeth forth evU things. [Lk. G: 45.] 

333. lielif/iotis duties demand sincerity of heart. 

Dt. 26: 1 6 This day the Lord thy God hath commanded thee 
to do these statutes and judgments : thou shalt therefore keep 
and do them with all thy heart, and with all thy soul. 

1 S. 16: 7 7%e LORD seeth not as man seeth; for man 
looketh on the outward appearance, but the Lord looketh on 
the heart. 

Jer. 29: 13 Ye shall seek me, and find me, when ye shall 
search for me with all your heart. 

Mat 22: 37 Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy 
228 



HEAVEN. 384—336 



A Place — Its lIolineBS. 



tout — 23: 26 Thou blind Pliarisee, cleanse first that which is 
within the cup and platter, that the outside of them may be 
dean also. 

Jn. 4: 24 Grod is a Spirit : and they that worship him, must 
worship him in spirit and in truth. 

Ac 8: 21 Thou hast neither part nor lot in this matter : for 
thy heart is not right in the sight of God. 37 If thou believest 
with all thy heart, thou mayest. 

Bom. 2: 28 He is not a Jew, which is one outwardly ; neither 
is that circumcision, which is outward in the liesh : 21) l>ut he 
is a Jew which is one inwardly ; and circumcision is that of the 
heart, in the^ spirit, and not in the letter ; whose praise is not 
of men, but of Grod. — 10: 10 With the heart, man believeth 
Dnto righteousness. 

1 Tim. 1: 5 Now the end of the commandment is charity 
oat of a pure heart, and of a good conscience, and of faith 
nnfeigQed. [See 529, 542.] 

HEAVEN. 

334. Heaven a place. 

Jn. 14: 2 In my Father's house are many mansions: if it 
were not so, I would have told you. I go to prei)are a place 
fin* you. 3 And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come 
again and receive you unto myself; that where I am, there ye 

may be also. 

Ep. 3: 10 To the intent that now unto the principalities and 
powers in heavenly places might be known by the church the 
manifold wisdom of God. 

335. Perfection of heavenly light. 

Ps. 36: 9 With thee is the fountain of life : in thy light shall 

we see light. 

Is. 2: i) O house of Jacob, come ye, iind let us walk in the 

light of the Lord. 

Rev. 21: 23 The city had no need of the sun, neither of tlie 
moon, to sliine in it: for the glory of God did lighten it, and 
the Lamb is the light thereof. — 22: 5 There shall be no night 
there ; and they need no candle, neither light of the sun ; for 
the Lord God giveth them light : and they shall reign for ever 
and ever. [See 398.] 

386. Universal and perfect holiness in heaven. 

Ps. 17: 15 As for me, I will behold thy face in righteousness: 
1 shall be satisfied, when I awake, with thy likeness 

20 229 . 



337—389 HEAVEN. 



Its rest — Its nearness to God — Its happiness. 



Ep. 5: 25 Husbands, love your wives, even as Christ also 
loved the church, and gave himself for it; 26 That he might 
sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word, 
27 That he might present it to himself a glorious church, not 
having spot or wrinkle, or any such thing; but that it should 
be holy and without blemish. 

1 Jn. 3: 2 Beloved, now are we the sons of Grod, and it doth 
not yet a})pear what we shall be : but we know that, when he 
shall appear, we shall be like him ; for we shall see him as 
he is. 

Rev. 21: 27 There shall in no wise enter into it any thing 
that deiileth, neither whatsoever worketh abomina^on, or maketh 
a lie. 

337. Heaven a place of rest. 

2 Th. 1: 6 Seeing it is a righteous thing with God to recom- 
pense tribulation to them that trouble you ; 7 And to you, who 
are troubled, rest with us, when the Lord Jesus shall be 
revealed. 

Ileb. 4: 3 "We which have believed do enter into rest, as 
he said. As I have ?wom in my wrath, if they sliall enter into 
my rest : although the works were finished from the foundation 
of the world. 9 There remaineth therefore a rest to the people 
of God. 

Rev. 14: 13 I heard a voice from heaven, saying unto 
me, AVrite, Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord from 
henceforth: Yea, saith the Spirit, that they may rest &om their 
labors. [See 512.] 

3.'JS. ymvihf^s to God and to Christ in heaven, 

Jn. 17: 22 The glory which thou gavest me, I have given 
them ; that tliey may be one, even as we are one ; 23 I in 
them, and thou in me, that they may be made perfect in one ; 
and that tlic world may know that tliou hast sent me, and hast 
loved them as thou lia^t loved me. 24 Father, I will that 
they also whom thou hast given me be with me where I am ; 
that they may behold my glory. 

Rev. 22: 4 They shall see his face ; and his name shall he 
in their foreheads. [See 657.] 

339. Perftct and ])crptun/ happiness in heaven. 

Ps. 16: 11 Thoii wilt shew me the path of life : in thy 

presence is fulness of jov ; ut thy i-ight hand ^//^re arc pleasures 

for evermore. — 30: 8 They shall be abundantly satisfied with the 

fatness of thy house ; and thou slialt make them drink of the 

230 



HEAVEN. 340 



Its Towards and prior?'. 



river of thy ])leasures. — 84: 11 The Loiin Cioil /* ji sun and 
•liield : the Lokd will give grace and iilovy ; no jruod t/n'iiff 
"Will he withhold from them that walk upri^xhtly. — H7: 1 1 Light 
U sown for the righteous, and gladness fur the upright in 

Is. 51: 11 The redeemed of the Loiin shall return, and 
come with singing unto Zion ; and everlasting joy sital/ bf \\\)0\\ 
fteir head : tliey shall obtain gladness and joy ; and sorrow 
*nd mourning shall flee away. 

1 Pet. 4: 13 Rejoice, inasmuch as ye are partakers of 
Christ's sufferings ; that, when his glory shall be revealed, ye 
*tiay be glad also with exceeding joy. 

Jude 54 Now unto him tliat is able to keep you fi'om falling, 
^Jttd to present you faultless before the presence of his glory 
"^ith exceeding joy. 

Rev. 7: 15 Therefore are thev before thethi-one of (iod, and 

^erve liim day and night in his temple: and he that sitieth on 

^he throne shall dwell among them. IG They shall hunger no 

>nore, neither thirst any more ; neither shall the sun light on 

^em, nor any heat. 17 For the Lamb which is in the midst 

of the throne shall feed them, and shall lead them unto living 

fountains of waters: and God shall wipe away all tears from 

their eves. — 21: 3 I heardajrreat voice out of heaven, savhijr, 

Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will dwell 

with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself shall 

be with them, and be their God. 4 Ai\(\. God shall wijje away 

all teal's from their eyes ; and there shall be no more death, 

neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be any more 

pain. 

340. Possessions^ honors, remtnls, and (jJory in hccivm. 

Mat 13: 43 Then shall the righteous shine forth as the sun 
in the kingdom of their Father. — 19: 2S Jesus said unto 
them, Verily, I say unto you. That ye which have followed me 
in the regeneration, when the Son of man shall sit in the 
throne of his glory, ye also shall sit upon twelve thrones, judg- 
ing the twelve tribes of Israel. 

Lk. 22: 28 Ye are they which have contumed with me in 
my temptations. 29 And I appoint unto you a kingdom, as 
my Father hath appointed unto me ; 30 That ye may eat and 
drink at my table in my kingdom, and sit on thrones, judging 
the twelve tribes of Israel. 

Rom. 8: 17 If children, then heirs: heii^s of God, and joint- 
heirs with Christ ; if so be that we suffer with him, that we 
may be also glorified together. 18 For I reckon, that the 

231 



841 HEAYEN. 



Spiritual, unfading and eternal. 



Bufferings of this present time are not worthy to he compared 
with tlie <rlorv which sliall be revealed in us. 32 He that 
spared not his own Son, but delivered liim up for us all, how 
diall he not wiili him also freely give us all things ? 

1 Cor. 2: 1) Eve liath not seen, nor ear heard, neither have 
entered into the heart of man, the things wliich God hath pre- 
pared for them that love him. [Is 64:4.] — 3:21 Let no man 
glory in men: for all things are yours; 22 Whether Paul, or 
Apollus, or Cephas, or tlie world, or life, or death, or things 
present, or things to come ; all are youi-s ; 23 And ye are 
Christ's : and Christ h God's. 

2 Cor. 4: 17 Our light aiHiction, which is but for a moment, 
worketh for us a far more exceeding and eternal weight of 
glory. 

Ileb. 11: 10 Xow they desire a better country^ tliat is. a 
heavenlv : wherefore God is not ashamed to be called their 
God: for he hath })r(>pared for them a city. 

Rev. 1: 5 Unto him tliat loved us, and washed us from our 
8in< in his own blood, And hath made us kings and priests 
unto God and his Father ; to" him he glory and dominion for 
ever and ever. — 21: 2 I John saw the holy citv, new Jerusa- 

ft ft 

lem, corninp^ down from God out of heaven, prepared as a 
bride adorncil for her husband. 7 He that overcometh shall 
inherit all tilings : and I will be his God, and he shall be my 
son. — 22: 5 There shall I'e no nifrht there; and thev need no 

" ' ft" 

candle, neither light of the sun; for the Lord God giveth 
them light : and they sliall reign for ever and ever. 
[See 072.] 

341. ITcaV'-n spi ritual ^ nvfadinfj^ and eternal. 

Is. 00: 20 Thy sun shall no more go down ; neither shall thy 
moon withdraw itself: for the Lord shall be thine everlasting 
light, and the days of thy mourning shall be ended. 

Mat. 0: 20 Lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where 
neither moth nor rust doth corrupt. — 22: 30 In the resurrec- 
tion they neither marry, nor are given in marriage, but are 
as the angels of God in heaven. — 25: 40 These sliall go 
away into everlasting pimishment : but the righteous into iSe 
eternal. 

1 Cor. 15: 50 This I say, brethren, that flesh and blood 
cannot inherit the kingdom of God; neither doth corruption 
inherit incorruption. 

1 Pet. 1: 4 An inheritance incorruptible, and undefiled,and 
that fadeth not awav, reserved in heaven for you. 5 Who are 
232 



HELL — HOLINESS. 342 — 344 



A Place of Punwlimeut — Iloliiipsjs vjiluable. 



kept by the power of God through faith unto salvation, ready 
to be revealed in the last time. 

342. Do saints merit their heavenly inheritance? 

£zk. 36: 32 Not for your sakes do I this, saith the Lord 
Gk)D, be it known unto you ; be ashamed and confounded for 
your own ways, O house of Israel. [See 586, 663, 668.] 



HELL. 

343. Hell a place of punishment by fire. 

Ps. 21: 9 Thou shalt make them as a fiery oven in the time 
of thine anger: the Lord shall swallow them up in his wrath, 
and the fire shall devour them. 

Is. 30: 33 For Tophet is ordained of old ; yea, for the king 
it is prepared ; he hath made it deep and large : the pile 
thereof is fire and much wood ; the breath of tlie Lord, like a 
stream of brimstone, doth kindle it. — 33: 14 Who among us 
shall dwell with the devouring fire? who among us shall dwell 
with everlasting burnings ? 

- Lk. 16: 24 And he cried, and said, Father Abraham, have 
mercy on me, and send Lazarus, that he may dip the tip of 
liis finger in water, and cool my tongue : for I am tormented in 
tliis fiame. 

2 Th. 1: 8 In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that 
know not God, and that obey not the gospel. 

Rev. 21: 8 The fearful, and unbelieving, and the abomina- 
ble, and murderers, and whoremongers, and sorcerers, and 
idolaters, and all liars, shall have their part in the lake which 
bumeth with fire and brimstone : which is the second death. 

[See 561.] 

HOLINESS. 

.344. IToHncss intrinsically and supremely valuable. 

Job 28: 12 Where shall wisdom be found? and where is the 
place of understanding ? 13 Man knoweth not the price 
thereof; neither is it found in the land of the living. 14 The 
depth saith, It is not in me : and the sea saith. It is not with 
me. 15 It cannot be gotten for gold, neither shall silver be 
weighed for the price thereof. 18 No mention shall be made 
of coral, or of pearls : for the price of wisdom is above rubies. 
19 The topaz of Ethiopia shall not equal it, neither shall it be 

20* 233 



345, 346 noLT spirit. 



Personality cf th<> ?i!rii — IIL« I»iTii:l:v. 



valued whli ]nire gold. 28 And unto man he said. Behold, 
the fear ot* the Lord, that is wisdom ; and to depart from ctiI 
is under-tandiufT. 

Pr. 3: 13 Happy is the man t/iat findeth wisdom, and the 
man that jrettcih understanding. 14 For the merchandise of it 
is better than the merchandise of silver, and the gain thereof 
than tine gold. 15 She is more precious than nibies: and all 
the things thou canst desire are not to be compared unto her. 
16 Len^'th of davs is in her riorht hand: attd in her left hand 
riches and honor. 17 Her ways are ways of pleasantness, and 
all her paths are peace. 18 She is a tree of life to them that 
lay hold upon her : and happy is (very one that retaineih her. 
— 4:7 Wisdom ?s the principal thing; ^/rembre get wisdom: 
and with all thv pettin^r «ret understandinjr. 8 Exalt her, and 
she sliall promote thee : she shall bring thee to honor, when 
thou dost embrace her. 9 She shall give to thine head an or- 
nament of grace : a crown of glory shall she deliver to thee 
— 8: 11 Wisdom is better than rubies ; and aU the things that 
may be desired are not to be compared to it. [See 630.] 



HOLY SPERIT. 

345. Personality of the Iloftf Spirit. 

Mat. 28: 1 9 Go ye therefore and teach all nations, baptizing 
them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the 
Holv Ghost. 

Lk. 3: 22 And the Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape 
like a dove upon him. 

Jn. 14: 16 And I will pray the Father, and he shall give 
you another Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever. 

2 Cor. 13: 14 The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the 
love of God. and the communion of the Holy Ghost, be with 
you all. Amen. 

Ep. 2: 18 For through him we both have access by one 
Spirit unto the Father. 

1 Pet. 1: 2 Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the 
Father, through sanctitication of the Spirit, unto obedience. 

1 Jn. 5: 7 There are three that bear record in heaven, the 
Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost; and these three 
are one. 

346. Di'vii,.- iiitn*>"tis rf iU llJ>j Spirit. 

Mic. 2: 7 O ihon (hat art named the house of Jacob, ia the 
Spirit of the LoKD straitened ? 
234 



HOLT SPIRIT. 347 



Ilii Office- vol k 



Jn. 14: 2G The Comforter, which is tin- llu]y Ghost, whom 
Father will send in my name, h(,' >hall t«ach you all things, 
ftiid bring all things to your remembrancL", whatsoever 1 have 
S^id unto you. 

Ac. o: 3 Peter said, Ananias, why liath Satan filled thine 
Ixeart to lie to the Holy Ghost, and to keep back jiart of tho 
I>Tice of the land? 4 While it remained, was it not thine 
0"wn ? and after it was sold, was it not in thine own power ? 
"V^hy hast thou conceived this tiling in thine heart? thou hast 
zxot lied unto men, but unto God. 

Rom. 15: 19 Through mighty signs and wonders, by the 
XX)wer of the Spirit of God ; so that from JeiTisalem, and 
3:x)und about unto Ulyricum, I have fully preached the gospel 
of Christ. 

1 Ck)r. 2: 10 But God hath revealed them unto ns by his 

Spirit ; for the vSpirit seai'cheth all things, yea, the deep things 

of God. 11 For what man knoweth the things of a man. save 

"tlie spirit of man which is in him? even so the things of God 

knoweth no man, but the Spirit of God. — 12: o I give you to 

understand, that no man speaking by the Spirit of God, calleth 

Jesus accursed: and M</^ no man can say that Jesus is the 

Lord, but by the Holy Ghost. 

Heb. U: 14 How nmch more shall the blood of Christ, whd 
through the eternal Spirit ollered himself without spot to God, 
purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living 
God? [See 76,211.] 

347. Office-worh of the Ut^lij Spirit. 
1. To airak^n oii'f c'lU'-'nce siiunrs. 

Gen. G: 3 The Lord said. My Spirit shall not always strive 
with man, for that he also is flesh. 

Job 36: 9 He shewelh them their work, and their transgres- 
sions that they have exceeded. 10 He openeth also their ear 
to disci})line, and commaiideth that they return from inicpiity. 

Jn. 16: 7 I tell you the tnith: It is expedient for you that 1 
go away : for if I go not away, the Comforter w ill not come 
unto you ; but if I depart, I will send him unto you. 8 And 
when he is come, he will reprove [convince] the world of sin, 
and of righteousness, and of judgment. 

1 S. 10: 10 When they came thither to the hill, behold, a 
company of pro|;liets met him; and the Spirit of God came 
upon him. and In* prophesied among them. 

Lk. 1: rj Zji;liajias was filled with the Holy Ghost, and 
proplie.:i<.\;. 

235 



347 HOLT SPIRIT. 



II'u Oflioe-woric. 



Ac 2: 4 They were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and be- 
gan to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them 
utterance. — 10: 45 They of the circumcision which believed, 
were astonished, as many as came with Peter, because that on 
the Gentiles also was jwured out the gift of the Holy Ghost. 
46 For they hcai*d them speak with tongues, and magnify God. 
-—11: 15 As I began to speak, the Holy Ghost fell on them, 
as on us at the beginning. 

8. To revetd tlivine truth^ ns a witness against sinners^ and for God and his people* 

Dt. 31: 19 Write ye this song for you, and teach it the chil- 
dren of Israel : put it in their mouths, that this song may be a 
witness for me against the children of Israel. 

Neh. 9: 20 Thou gavest also thy good Spirit to instruct 
them. 

Mat 24: 14 This gospel of the kingdom shall be preached 
in all the world, for a witness unto all nations ; and then shall 
the end come. 

Lk. 2: 20 It was revealed unto him by the Holy Ghost, 
that he should not see death, before he had seen the Lord's 
Christ. — 12: 11 When they bring you unto the synagogues, 
and unto magistrates, and powers, take ye no thought how or 
what thing ye shall answer, or what ye shall say: 12 For 
the Holy Ghost shall teach you in the same hour what ye 
ought to say. 

Jn. 14: 20 The Comforter, tolnch is the Holy Ghost, whom 
the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all tilings, 
and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have 
said unto you. 

Ac 11: 28 There stood up one of them named Agabus, and 
signified by the Spirit, that there should be great dearth 
throughout all the world : wliich came to pass in the days of 
Claudius Cesai*. 

1 Jn. 5: 8 There are three tliat bear witness in earth, the 
spirit, and the water, and the blood ; and these three agree in 
one. 9 If we receive the witness of men, the witness of Grod 
is greater : ibr this is the witness of God which he hath testi- 
fied of his Son. [Sec 40.] 

4. To ca\tse, holy affections^ which become the " witness of the Spirit " that saints 
*^ are the children of God.-^ 

Jn. 14: 1 I will pray the Father, and he shall give you 
another Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever ; 17 
M?en the Spirit of truth ; whom the world cannot receive, be- 
cause it seeth him not, neither knoweth him : but ye know him; 
for ho dwelleth with you, and shall be in you.— 16: 13 When 
23G 



HOLY SPIRIT. 348 



Gnilt and danger of lesiiiting. 



lie, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth: 
for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall 
hear, that shall he speak: and he will shew you things to 
come. 

Bom. 8: 14 As many as are led by the Spirit of God, they 
are the sons of God. 15 For ye have not received the spirit 
of bondage again to fear ; but ye have received the Spirit of 
adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father. 16 The Spirit 
itself beareth witness with our Spirit, that we are the children 
of God. 

Gal. 4: 6 Because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit 
of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father. 

Heb. 10: 15 Whereof the Holy Ghost also is a witness to 
"OS : for after that he had said before, 10 This is the covenant 
that I will make with them after those days, saith the Lord ; 
I will put my laws into their hearts, and in their minds will I 
write them. 

1 Jn. 2: 5 Whoso keepeth his word, in liim verily is the love 
of God perfected: hereby know we that we ai*e in him. — 
3: 24 He that keepeth liis commandments, dwelletli in him, 
and he in him. And hereby we know that he abideth in us, 
by the Spirit which he hath given us. — 5: 10 He that believeth 
on the Son of God hath tlie witness in himself. 

[See 594-6, 598.] 

6. To seal the heirs off^ory. 

Ep. 4: 30 Grieve not the Holy Spirit of God, whereby ye 
are sealed unto the day of redemption. [See 517.] 

348. Guilt and danger of sinning against the Ildg Spirit, 

Is. 63: 10 They rebelled, and vexed his Holy Spirit : there- 
fore he was turned to be their enemy, and he fought against 
them. 

Mat. 12: 31 I say unto you, All manner of sin and blas- 
phemy shall be forgiven unto men : but the bla«ipliemy against 
the Holy Ghost shall not be forgiven unto men. 32 And who- 
soever speaketh a word against the Son of man, it shall be 
forgiven him :' but whosoever speaketh against the Holy Ghost, 
it shall not be forgiven him, neither in this world, neither in 
the world to come. 

Ac. 7: 51 Ye stiff-necked, and uncircumcised in heart and 
ears, ye do always resist the Holy Ghost : as your fathers didy 
BO do ye. 

Ep. 4: 30 Grieve not the Holy Spirit of God, whereby ye 
are sealed unto the day of redemption. 

1 Th. 5: 19 Quench not the Spirit 

237 



349, 350 noLT spikit. 



Judicial doparturp of— promised belieren. 



Heb. 10: 28 He that despised Modes' law, died without 
mercy under two or thi-ec witnesses : 29 Of how much sorer 
punishment, suppose ye, shall he be thought worthy, who hatb 
trodden under foot the Son of God, and hath counted the blood 
of the covenant, wherewith he was sanctified, an unholy thing: 
and hath done despite unto the Spirit of grace? [See 309.] 

349. Judicial drptviure of the IMy Spirit. 

Gen. G: 3 The Lord said, My Spirit shall not always strive 
witli man. 

Ps. 81: 11 "My people would not hearken to my voice ; and 
Israel would none of me. 12 So I gave them up unto their 
own hearts' lust : and thev walked in their own counsels. 13 
Oh that my peoi)le had hearkened unto me, and Israel had 
walked in mv wavs ! 14 I should soon have subdued their 
enemies, and turned my hand against their adversaries. 15 
The haters of the Lord should have submitted themselves 
unto him : but their time should have endured for ever. 

Is. 55: 6 Seek ye the Lord wliile he may be found, call ye 
upon him while he is near. 

Hos. 5: 6 They shall go with their flocks and with their 
herds to seek the Lord ; but they shall not find htm ; he hath 
withdrawn himself from them. — 9: 12 Though they bring up 
their children, yet will I bereave them, that there shall not he a 
man left : yea, wo also to them when I depart from them ! 

Rom. 1: 24 God also gave them up to uncleanness, through 
the lusts of their own hearts, to dishonor their own bodies be- 
tween themselves : 25 T\Tio changed the truth of God into 
a lie, and worshipped and served the creature more than the 
Creator, who is blessed for ever. 26 For this cause God gave 
them up unto vile affections. 28 And even as they did not 
like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to 
a reprobate mind, to do those tlungs which are not convenient, 

350. Tlie Ildy Spirit promised believers. 

Lk. 11: 13 If ye then, being evil, know how to give good 
gifts unto your cliildren : how much more shall your heavenly 
Father give the Holy Spirit to them that ask him ? 

Jn. 14: 16 I will pray the Father, and he shall give you 
another Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever; 17 
JSven the Spirit of truth ; whom the world cannot receive, 
because it seeth him not, neither knoweth him : but ye know 
him ; for he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you- 

2 Cor. 1: 21 Now he which establisheth us with you in 
238 



HOME — HOPE. 35 1—^3 



Keeping at Home — Object of Ilope — Full Assurance of. 

CJhristy and hatli anointed us, is Grod; 22 Who hath also 
eealed us, and given the earnest of the Spii'it in our hearts. 



HOIME. 

351. Keying at home recommended — roving disapproved. 

Pr. 25: 17 Withdraw thy foot from thy neighbor's house ; 
lest he be weary of thee, and so hate thee. — 27: 8 As a bird 
that wandereth from her nest, so is a man that wandereth from 
his place. 

Tit. 2: 4 Teach the young women to be sober, to love their 
husbands, to love their children, 5 To be discreet, chaste, 
keepers at home. 

HOPE. 

352. The proper and cJiief object of hope, 

Ps. 42: 5. Hope thou in God. 

Bom. 5: 2 Rejoice in hope of the glory of Gk)d. 

1 Pet. 1: 21 That your faith and hope might be in Gk)d. 

353. Full assurance of hope inculcated and exanpl(/ied. 

Job 19: 25 I know that my Redeemer liveth. 

Rom. 8: 35 Who shall separate us from the love of Christ ? 
9haU tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or fiunine, or naked- 
ness, or peril, or sword ? 37 Nay, in all these things we are 
more than conquerors, through him that loved us. 

2 Tim. 4: 6 I am now ready to be offered, and the time of 
my departure is at hand. 7 I have fought a good fight, I have 
finished m^ course, I have kept the faith: 8 Henceforth there 
is laid up for me a crown of i-ighteousness, which the Lord, the 
righteous Judge, shall give me at that day: and not to me only, 
but unto all them also that love his appearing. 

Heb. G: 11 We desire that every one of you do shew the 
same diligence to the full assurance of hope unto the end : 12 
That ye be not slothful, but followers of them who through faith 
and patience inherit the promises. 17 Wherein God, willing 
more abundantly to shew unto the heirs of promise the immu- 
tability of his counsel, confirmed it by an oath: 18 That by 
two immutable things, in which it was impossible for Gk)d to lie, 
we might have a strong consolation, who have fled for refuge 
to lay hold upon the hope set before us : 19 Which hope we 
have as an anchor of the soul, both sure and steadfast, and 
which entereth into that mthiii the vail; 20 Whither the 

239 



854) 855 H08PITALITT. 



Hoquircd and Exemplified. 



forerunner is for us entered, even Jesus, made an high priest 
for ever after the order of Melchisedec 

1 Jn. 3: 18 Mj little children, let us not love in word, 
neither in tongue, but in deed and in truth. 19 And hereby 
we know that we are of the truth, and shall assure our hearts 
before him. 

UOSriTALITY. 

354. Ilospitalitij required and encouraged, 

Rom. 12: 10 ife kindly afFectioned one to another with broth- 
erly love ; in honor j^relerring one another ; 13 Distributing 
to the necessity of saints : given to hospitality. 

1 Tim. 3: 2 A bisliop then must be blameless, the husband 
of one wife, vigilant, sober, of good behavior, given to hospita- 
lity, apt to teach. [Tit. 1: 8.] 

Heb. 13: 2 Be not forgetful to entertain strangers : for 
thereby some have entertained angels unawares. 

1 Pet 4: 9 Use hospitality one to another without grudging. 
Mat 10: 40—42. [See 715]. 

355. Hospitality exanplijied. 

Gren. 18: 2 He lifted up his eyes and looked, and lo, three 
men stood by him : and when he saw them, he ran to meet 
them from the tent-door, and bowed liimself toward the ground, 
3 And said. My Lord, if now I liiive found favor in thy sight, 
pass not away, I pray thee, from thy servtuit : 4 Let a little 
water, I pray you, be fetched, and wash your feet, and rest 
yourselves under the tree : 5 And I will fetch a morsel of 
bread, and comfort ye your heai'ts; after that ye shall pass on: 
for therefore are ye come to your servant. And they said, So 
do, as thou hast said. 6 Abraham hastened into the tent unto 
Sai-ah, and said. Make ready quickly three measures of fine 
meal, knead it, and make cakes upon the hearth. 7 And 
Abraham ran unto the herd, and fetched a calf tender and 
good, and gave it unto a youug man ; tind he hasted to dress 
it. — 19: 1 And there came two angels to Sodom at even; and 
Lot sat in the gate of Sodom ; and Lot, seeing them, rose up to 
meet them ; and he bowed himself with his face toward the 
ground ; 2 And he said, Behold now, my lords, turn in, I 
pray you, into your servant's house, and tarry aU night, and 
wash your feet, and ye shall rise up efu'ly, and go on your 
ways. And they said. Nay ; but we will abide in the street 
all night 3 And he pressed upon them greatly; and they 
turned in unto him, and entered into his house ; and he made 
240 



HUMILITY. 356, 357 



Nature of — Jlequired and Encouraged. 



^*^^m a feast, and did bake unleavened bread, and they did 



Job 31: 32 The stranger did not lodge in the stix^et : hut I 
^X^ened my doot^ to the traveller. 

Ac. 28: 7 In the same quartei-s were possessions of the chief 
^^an of the island, whose name was Publius ; jvho received us, 
'^d lodged us three days courteously. 

3 Jn. 5 Beloved, thou doest faithfully whatsoever thou doest 
to the brethren and to strangers; C "VVhicli have home witness 
of thy chari^ before the church : whom if thou bring ibrward 
on their journey after a goodly sort, thou slialt do well. 
[See 135, 407.] 

HUMILITY. 

356. Nature and manifestations of humility. 

Jud. 10: 15 The children of Israel said unto the Lord, We 
have sinned : do thou unto us whatsoever seemeth good unto 
thee. 

2 S. 24: 17 David spake unto the Lord when he saw the 
angel that smote the peoi)le, and said, Lo, I have sinned, and I 
have done wickedly : but these sheep, what have they done ? 
Liet thy hand, I pray thee, be against me, and against my 
feither^s house. 

Job 2: 10 He said unto her. Thou speakest as one of the 
foolish women speaketh. What ! shall we receive good at the 
hand of Grod, and shall we not receive evil ? 

Lk. 15: 18 I will arise and go to my father, and will say 
unto him, Father, I have sinned against heaven, and before 
thee, 19 And am no more worthy to be called thy son: make 
me as one of thy hired servants. — 23: 40 But the other 
answering, rebuked liim, saying. Dost not thou fear God, see- 
ing thou art in the same condemnation? 41 And we indeed 
justly : for we receive the due reward of our deeds. 

[See 299, 414, 537, 603, G74.] 

357. Humility required and ericourayed. 

Lev. 26: 41 If then their uncircumcised hearts be humbled, 
and they then accept of the punishment of their iniquity ; 42 
Then will I remember my covenant with Jacob, and also my 
covenant with Isaac, and also my covenant with Abraham wUl 
I remember ; and I will remember the land. 

Job 22: 29 When men are cast down, then thou shalt say^ 
There is lifting up ; and he shall save the humble person. 

Pa. 9.' 12 When he maketh inquisition for blood, he remem* 

21 241 



858 IDLENESS. 



Described and Reproved. 



bereth them: he forgetteth not the cry of the humble. — 10: 17 
Lord, thou hast heard the desire of the humble : thou wilt 
prepare their heart, thou wilt cause thine ear to hear. — 138: 6 
Though the Lord be high, yet hath he respect unto the lowly: 
but the proud he knoweth lifar off. 

Pr. 3: 34 Surely he scometh the scomers : but he giveth 
grace unto the lowly. — 15: 33 The fear of the Lord is the 
instruction of wisdom : and before honor is humility. — 22: 4 
By humility and the fear of the Lord are riches, and honor, 
and Hfe. — 29: 23 A man's pride shall bring 1^ low : but 
honor shall uphold the humble in spirit. 

Is. 57: 15 Thus saith the high and loflby One that inhabiteth 
eternity, whose name is Holy ; I dwell in the high and holy 
place, with him also that is of a contrite and humble spirit, to 
revive the spirit of the humble, and to revive the heart of the < 
contrite ones. 

Mic. 6: 8 He hath shewed thee, O man, what is good ; and 
what doth the Lord require of thee, but to do justly, and to 
love mercy, and to walk humbly with thy God? 

Mat 5: 3 Blessed are the poor in spirit : for theirs is the 
kingdom of heaven. 

Lk. 18: 14 I tell you, this man went down to his house jus- 
tified rather than the other : for every one that exalteth him- 
self shall be abased : and he that humbleth himself shall be 
exalted. 

Jam. 4: 6 God resisteth the proud, but giveth grace unto the 
humble. 10 Humble yourselves in the sight of the Lord, and 
he shall Ufl you up. 

1 Pet 5: 5 God resisteth the proud, and giveth grace to 
the humble. 6 Humble yourselves, therefore, under the 
mighty hand of Gk)d, that he may exalt you in due time. 

[See 606-7.] 

IDLENESS. 
558. Idleness described^ reproved^ and punished. 

Pr. 6: 6 Go to the ant, thou sluggard ; consider her ways 
and be wise : 7 Which having no guide overseer or ruler, 
8 Provideth her meat in the summer, and gathereth her food 
in the harvest. 9 How long wilt thou sleep, O sluggard? 
when wilt thou arise out of 3iy sleep ? — 15: 19 The way of 
the slothful man is as a hedge of thorns : but the way of the 
righteous is made plain. — 18: 9 He also that is slothful in 
his work is brother to him that is a great waster. — 19: 15 
Slothfulness casteth into a deep sleep ; and an idle soul shall 
242 



IDOLATRT AND HEATHEXISM. 859 



Character of IdolafcrR. 



suffer hunger. — 20: 4 The sluggard will not plough by reason 
of the cold; tJierefore shall he beg in harvcftt, and nai^e nothing. 
13 Love not sleep, lest thou come to poverty; open thine 
eyes, and thou shalt be satisfied with bread. — 21: 25 Tlio 
desire of the slothful killeth him ; for his hands refuse to labor. 
2G He coveteth greedily all the day long : but the righteous 
giveth and spareth not. — 23: 21 The drunkard and the glut- 
ton shall come to poverty : and drowsiness sliall clothe a man 
with rags. — 24: 30 I went by the field of the slothful, and 
hj the vineyard of the man void of understanding ; 31 And 
lo, it was all grown over with thorns, and nettles had covered 
the face thereof, and the stone wall thereof was broken 
^own. 32 Then I saw, and considered it well : I looked upon 
•V, and received instruction. 33 Yet a little sleep, a little 
dumber, a little folding of the hands to sleep : 34 So shall 
thy poverty come as one that travclletli ; and thy want as an 
armed man. 

Ec. 10: 18 By much slothfulncss the building decay eth; and 
through idleness of the hands tlic house droppeth through. 

2 Thes. 3: 10 Even when we were with you, this we com- 
manded you, that if any would not work, neither should he eat 
11 We hear that tliere are some wliicli walk among you disor- 
derly, working not at all, but are busy-bodies. 1 2 Now them 
that are such, we command and exhort by our Lord Jesus 
Christ, that with quietness they work, and eat their own 
bread. 

1 Tim. 5: 13 They learn to he idle, wandering abou'' from 
house to house ; and not only idle, but tattlers also, and Misy- 
bodies, speaking things which they ought not. [See 1, 103. \ 



IDOLATRY AND HEATHENISM. 
359. Cltaracter of Iieathen idoldters. 

2 K. 16: 3 But he [Ahaz] walked in the way of the kings 
of Israel, yea, and made his son to pass through the lire, accord- 
ing to the abominations of the heathen, whom the Lord cast 
out from before the children of Israel. 

Bom. 1: 21 When they knew God, they glorified htm not 
as Grod, neither were thankful, but became vain in their 
imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened. 22 Pro- 
fessing themselves to be wise, they became fools ; 23 And 
changed the glory of the incorruptible God into an image made 
like to corruptible man, and to birds, and four-footed beasts, 
and creeping things. 24 Wherefore God also gave them up 

243 



860, 861 IDOLATBT AND IIEATHEITISIL 

Heathen gods destitute of divinity — Image- worship forbidden. 



to uncleaiiness, through the lusts of their own hearts, to dis- 
honor their own bodies between themselves : 29 Being filled 
with all unrighteousness, fornication, wickedness, covetousness, 
maliciousness ; full of envy, murder, debate, deceit, malignity; 
whisperers, 30 Backbiters, haters of Grod, despiteful, proud, 
boastei*s, inventors of evil things, disobedient to parents, 31 
Without understanding, covenant-breakers, without natural af- 
fection, implacable, unmerciful. 

Ep. 4: 17 This 1 say therefore, and testify in the Lord, that 
ye henceforth walk not as other Gentiles walk, in the vanity 
of their mind, 18 Having the understanding darkened, being 
alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in 
them, because of the blindness of their heart: 19 Who, being 
past feeling, have given themselves over untolasciviousness, to 
work all uncleanness with greediness. [See 480.] 

360. Heathen goda destitute of divinity, 

Ps. 115: 4 Their idols are silver and gold, the work of 
men's hands, o They have mouths, but they speak not: eyes 
have they, but they see not: 6 They have ears, but they 
hear not : noses have they, but they smell not : 7 They have 
hands, but they handle not : feet have they, but they walk 
not: neither speak they through their throat. 8 They that 
make them ai^e like unto them ; so is every one that ti'usteth in 
them. 

xs. 46: 6 They lavish gold out of the bag, and weigh silver 
7 1 the balance, and hire a goldsmith ; and he maketh it a god : 
they fall down, yea, they worship. 7 They bear him upon the 
shoulder, they carry him, and set him in his place, and he 
standeth ; from his place shall he not remove : yea, one shall 
cry unto him yet can he not answer, nor save him out of his 
trouble. 

361. Idolatry and itnaye^icorship forbidden. 

Ex. 20: 3 Thou shalt have no other gods before me. 4 
Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any like- 
ness of any thing that is in heaven aboye, or that is in the 
earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth : 5 
Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them : for 
I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity 
of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth gen^ 
eration of them that hate me. — 23: 24 Thou shalt not bow 
down to their gods, nor serve them, nor do after their works : 
but thou shalt utterly overthrow them, and quite break down 
their images. — 34: 17 Thou shalt make thee no molten gods. 
244 



IDOLATRT AND HEATHENISM. 362 



Common — Dixpleasing to God. 



Lev. 19: 4 Turn ye not unto idols, nor make to yourselves 
molten gods: I am the Lord your God. — 2G: 1 Ye shall 
xxiake you no idols nor graven image, neither rear you up a 
standing image, neither shall ye set up any image of stono 
in your land, to bow down unto it : for I am the Lokd your 
CkKL 

Dt, 6: 14 Ye shall not go after otlier gods, of the gods of the 

'people which are round about you ; 15 (For the Lord thy 

Crod is a jealous God among you ;) lest the anger of the Lord 

"thy God be kindled against thee, and destroy thee from off the 

fjEwe of the earth — 28: 14 Thou shalt not go aside from any 

of the words which I command thee this day, to the right hand 

or to the left, to go after other gods to serve them. 

362. Idolatry common — Threats. 

Ex. 22: 20 He that sacrificeth unto ang god, save unto the 
Lord only, he shall be utterly destroyed. 

Dt. 8: 19 It shall be, if thou do at all forget the Lord thy 
God, and walk after other gods, and 6ei*ve them, and worship 
them, I testify against you tliis day that ye shall surely perish. 
— 27: 15 Cursed be the man that maketh any graven or molten 
image, an abomination unto the Lord, the work of the hands 
of the craftsman, and putttjth it in a secret plaice : and all the 
people shall answer and say, Amen. — 30: 17 If thy heart turn 
away, so that thou wilt not hear, but shalt be drawn away, and 
worship other gods, and serve them ; 18 I denounce unto you 
this day, that ye shall surely perish. 

Jud. 2:11 The children of Israel did evil in the sight of the 
Lord, and served Baalim : 1 2 And they forsook the Lord God 
of their fathers, which brought them out of the land of Egypt, 
and followed other gods, of the gods of the people that were 
round about them, and bowed themselves unto them, and 
provoked the Lord to anger. 13 And they forsook the Lord, 
and served Baal and Ashtaroth. 14 And the anger of the 
Lord was hot against Israel, and he delivered them into the 
hands of spoilers. — 10: 6 The children of Israel did evil again 
in the sight of the Lord, and served Baalim, and Ashtaroth, 
and the gods of Syria, and the gods of Zidon, and the gods of 
Moab, and the gods of the children of Ammon, and the gods 
of the Fliilistines, and forsook the Lord, and served not him. 
7 And the anger of the Lord was hot against Israel, and he 
sold them into the hands of the Fhihstines, and into the hands 
of the children of Ammon. 

1 K. 9: 6 If ye shall at all turn from following me, ye or 
your children, and will not keep my commandments and my 

21* 245 



362 IDOLATRY AND HEATHENISH. 



Displeasing to Qod. 



Statutes which I have set before you, but go and serve other 
gods and worship them : 7 Then will I cut oflf Israel out of the 
land which I have given them ; and this house which I have 
hallowed for my name, will I cast out of my sight ; and Israel 
shall be a proverb and a bye-word among all people. 

2 K. 17: 9 The children of Israel did secretly those things 
that were not right against the Lord their God, and they buSt 
them high places in all their cities, from the tower of the 
watchmen to the fenced city. 10 And they set them up images 
and groves in every high hill, and under every green tree : 
1 1 And there they burnt incense in all the high places, as did 
the heathen whom the Lord carried away before them ; and 
wrought wicked things to provoke the Lord to anger: 12 For 
they served idols, whereof the Lord had said unto them, Ye 
shall not do this thing. 16 And they left all the command- 
ments of the Lord their God, and made them molten images, 
even two calves, and made a grove, and worshipped all the host 
of heaven, and served Baal. 18 Therefore the Lord was 
very angry with Israel, and removed them out of his sight: 
there was none left but the tribe of Judah only. 19 Judah 
kept not the commandments of the Lord their God, but walked 
in the statutes of Israel which they made. 20 And the Lord 
rejected all the seed of Israel, and afflicted them, and delivered 
them into the hand of spoilers, until he had cast them out of 
Hs sight. — 22: 17 Because they have forsaken me, and have 
burned incense unto other gods, that thesy might provoke me 
to anger with all the works of their hands ; therefore my 
wrath shall be kindled against this place, and shall not be 
quenched. 

Ps. 78: 58 They provoked him to anger with their high 
places, and moved him to jealousy with their graven images. 
59 When God heard this, he wiis wroth, and greatly abhorred 
Israel. 

Jer. 44: 2 Thus saith the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel; 
Ye have seen all the evil that I have brought upon Jerusalem, 
and upon all the cities of Judah ; and behold, this day they 
are a desolation, and no man dwelleth therein ; 3 Because of 
their wickedness which they have committed to provoke me to 
anger, in that they went to bum incense, and to serve other 
gods, whom they knew not, neit/ier they, ye, nor your fathers. 
4 I sent unto you all my sei^ants the prophets, rising early 
and sending them, saying. Oh, do not this abominable thing 
that I hate. 

Ezk. 36: 18 Wherefore, I poured my fury upon them for the 
blood that they had shed upon the land, and for their idols 
246 



IGNORANCE. 863 



Sin and Ihiiiger of I{^ioranco 



rahereivith they had polluted it : 19 And I scattered them 
among the heathen, and they were dispersed through the 
countries : according to their way and according to their 
doings I judged them. [See 486, 699.] 



IGNORANCE. 
363. 7^ sin and danger of ignorance — hiowledge required. 

Ps. 32: 9 Be ye not as the horse, or as the mule, which have 
DO miderstanding : whose mouth must be held in with bit and 
bridle, lest they come near unto thee. 

Pr. 13: 18 Poverty and shame shall be to him that refuseth 
instruction : but he that regardeth reproof shall be honored. — 
15: 32 He that refuseth instruction despiseth his own soul : but 
he that heareth repi-oof getteth understanding. — 19: 2 Also, 
that the soul be witliout knowledge, it is not good ; and he that 
hasteth with his feet sinneth. 

Is. 5: 13 My people are gone into captivity, because thef/ 
have no knowledge : and their honorable men are famished, and 
their multitude dried up with thirst. 

Hos. 4: 1 Hear the word of the Lord, ye children of Israel : 
for the Lord hath a controversy with the inhabitants of the 
land, because there is no truth, nor mercy, nor knowledge of 
Grod in the land. 6 My people are destroyed for lack of 
knowledge : because thou hast rejected knowledge, I will 
also reject thee, that thou shalt be no priest to me : seeing 
thou hast forgotten the law of thy God, I will also forget thy 
children. 

Jn. 16: 2 They shall put you out of the synagogues : yea, the 
time cometh, that whosoever killeth you, will think that he 
doeth Grod service. 3 And these things will they do unto you, 
because they have not known the Father, nor me. 

1 Cor. 2: 7 We speak the wisdom of God in a mystery, even 
the hidden wisdom which God ordained before the world unto 
our glory ; 8 Which none of the princes of this world knew : 
for had they known it, they would not have crucified the Lord 
of glory. — 14: 20 Brethren, be not children in understanding: 
howbeit, in malice be ye children, but in understanding be 
men. 

2 Th. 1: 7 To you, who are troubled, rest with us, when 
the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven with his 
mighty angels, 8 In flaming fire taking vengeance on them 
that ^ow not Grod, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord 
Jesus Christ. [See 127, 200,(10) 391.] 

247 



864 S^ INSTABILITY — INTEMPERANCE. 

Instability reproved — Iteoeitful and injuxioua. 

INSTABILITY. 

364. Instability reproved — Unstable persons to be avoided. 

Gen. 49: 4 Unstable as water, thou shalt not excel. 

Pr. 24: 21 Meddle not with them that are given to change. 

Ep. 4: 14 That we henceforth be no more children, tossed to 
and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the 
sleight of men, and cunning craftiness, whereby they fie in 
wait to deceive. 

Heb. 13: 9 Be not carried about with divers and strange 
doctrines : for it is a good thing that the heart be established 
with grace. [See 712.] 



INTEMPERANCE. 

365. Intemperance a prevalent^ deceitful^ loathsome and destructive vice. 

Gkn. 9: 20 Noah began to 5e an husbandman, and he planted 
a vineyard : 21 And he drank of the wine, and was drunken ; 
and he was uncovered within his tent. 

Pr. 20: 1 Wine is a mocker, strong drink is raging: and 
whosoever is deceived thereby is not wise. — 23: 21 The drunk- 
ard and the glutton shall come to poverty. 29 Who hath wo ? 
who liath sorrow ? who hath contentions ? who hath babbling ? 
who hath wounds without cause ? who hath redness of eyes ? 
30 They that tarry long at the wine ; they that go to seek 
mixed wine. 34 Yea, thou shalt be as he that lieth down in 
the midst of the sea, or as he that lieth upon the top of a mast. 
35 They have stricken me, shalt thou say^ and I was not sick-; 
they have beaten me, and I felt it not : when shall I awake ? 
I will seek it yet again. 

Is. 28: 7 They idso have eiTed through wine, and through 
strong drink are out of the way ; the priest and the prophet 
have erred through strong drink, they are swallowed up of 
wine, they are out of the way through strong drink ; they eiT 
in vision, they stumble in judgment. 8 For all tables are full 
of vomit and filthiness, so thai there is no place clean, — 56: 12 
Come ye, say ihey^ I will fetch wine, and we will fill ourselves 
with strong drink. 

Jer. 25: 27 Thou shalt say unto them. Thus saith the Lord 
of hosts, the Grod of Israel ; Drink ye, and be drunken, and 
spue, and fall, and rise no more, because of the sword which I 
will send among you. 
248 



INTEMPEKANCE. 366 



Forbidden and di*rour<ig»»-l. 



Dan. 5: 1 Belshazzar the king made a great feast to a thou- 
sand of htt lords, and drank wine before the thousand. 4 They 
drank wine, and praised the gods of gold, and of silver. 

Hos. 4: 11 Whoredom and wine and new wine take away 
the heai*t. 

1 Cor. 11: 21 In eating eveiy one taketh before other his 
oivn supper : and one is hungry, and another is drunken. 

366. Intemperance forbidden ^-pcncdty of — cant ions. 

Dt 21: 20 They shall say unto the elders of his city. This 
^\ir son is stubborn and rebellious, he will not obey our 
'^oice; he is a glutton, and a drunkard. 21 And all the men 
^^f his city shall stone him with stones, that he die : so shalt 
'tliou put evil away from among you, and all Israel sliall hear, 
^tod fear. 

Pr. 23: 20 Be not among wine-bibbers ; among riotous eaters 

^Df flesh. 31 Look no{ thou upon the wine when it is red, when 

"Ht giveth his color in the cup, ^vhen it moveth itself aright. 32 

At the last it biteth like a serpent, and stingeth like an adder. 

Is. 5: 1 1 Wo unto them that rise up early in the morning, 

that they may follow strong drink ; that continue until night, 

tiUvnne inflame them! 12 And the harp, and the viol, the 

tabret, and pipe, and wine, are in their feasts : 22 Wo unto 

them that are mighty to drink wine, and men of strength to 

mingle strong di'ink. — 28: 1 Wo to the crown of pride, to the* 

drunkards of Ephraim, whose glorious beauty is a fading flower, 

which are on the head of the fat valleys of them that are 

overcome with wine ! 

Mat. 24: 48 If that evil servant shall say in his heart. My 
lord delayeth his coming ; 49 And shall begin to smite his 
fellow-servants, and to eat and drink with the drunken ; 50 
The lord of that servant shall come in a day when he looketh 
not for him, arid in an hour that he is not aware of, 51 And 
shall cut him asunder, and appoint him his portion with the 
hypocrites : there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth. 

Horn. 13: 13 Let us walk honestly, as in the day: not in 
rioting and drunkenness, not in chambering and wantonness, 
not in strife and envying. 

1 Cor. 6: 10 I^or thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor 
revilers, nor extortioners, shall inherit the kingdom of God. 

Gal. 5: 19 The works of the flesh are manifest, which are 
these, Adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness, 20 
Idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife, 
seditions, heresies, 21 Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revel- 
lings, and such like : of the which I tell you before, as I have 

249 



367, 368 INTEBTPERANCE. 



The liqxior pcllor condemned — Wlwiom of absdnenoe. 



also told you in time ]:)ast, that they which do such things shall 
not inherit the kingdom of God. • 

Ep. 5: 18 And be not drunk with wine, wherein is excess ; 
but be ye filled with the Spirit. [See 199, 721.] 

3G7. Tlie liquor selhr virtually and explicitlj condemned. 

Gen. 4: 9 The Lord said unto Cain, Where is Abel thy 
brotlier ? And he said, I know not : Am I my brother's keeper ? 
10 And he said, What hast thou done? the voice of thy broth- 
er's blood crieth unto me from the ground. 11 And now art 
thou cursed from the earth, which hath opened her mouth to 
receive thy brotlier's blood from thy hand. 

Ex. 21. 28 If an ox gore a man or a woman, that they die : 
then the ox shall be surely stoned, and his flesh shall not be 
eaten ; but the owner of the ox shall be quit. 29 But if the 
ox were wont to push with his horn in time past, and it hath 
been testified to his owner, and he hath not kept him in, but 
that he hath killed a man or a woman ; the ox shall be stoned, 
and his owner also shall be put to death. 30 If there be laid 
on him a sum of money, then he shall give for the ransom of 
his life whatsoever is laid upon him. 

Dt. 32: 33 Their wine is the poison of dragons, and the 
cruel venom of asps. 34 Is not tliis laid up in store with me, 
and sealed up among my treasures ? 35 To me hdongetk ven- 
geance, and recompense ; their foot shall slide in dv£ time : for 
the day of their calamity is at hand, and the things that shall 
come upon them make haste. 

2 K. 21: 9 Manasseh seduced them to do more evil than 
did the nations whom the Lord destroyed before the children 
of Israel. 10 The Lord spake by his servants, the prophets, 
saying, 11 Because Manasseh king of Judah hath done these 
abominations, and hath done wickedly above all that the Amor- 
ites did, which were before him, and hath made Judah also to 
sin. 12 Therefore thus saith the Lord God of Israel, Behold, I 
am bringing siLch evil upon Jerusalem and Judah, that whoso- 
ever heareth of it, both his ears shall tingle. 

Hab. 2: 15 Wo unto him that giveth his neighbor drink, that 
puttest thy bottle to him^ and makest him drunken also, that 
thou mayest look on their nakedness ! 

Jn. 3: 19 And this is the condemnation, that light has come 
into the world. [See 685.] 

368. The wisdom of total abstinence and watchfulness. 

Dan. 1: 8 Daniel purposed in his heart that he would not 
defile himself with the portion of the king's meat, nor with the 
250 



INVITATIONS. 369, 870 



Founded on the ProTisions of the Ooflpel. 



"wine which he drank. 12 Prove thy servants, I beseech thee, 
ten days ; and let them give us pulse to eat, and water to drink. 
15 And at the end of ten days their countenances appeared fairer 
and fatter in flesh than all the children which did eat the iK)r- 
tion of the king's meat. 

Lik. 1: 15 He [John] shall be great in the sight of the Lord, 
and shall drink neither wine nor strong drink. 

Bom. 14: 21 It is good neither to eat flesh, nor to drink wine, 
nor ant/ thing whereby thy brother stumbleth, or is oftended, or 
is made wes^. 

1 Cor. 5: 11 Now I have written unto you not to keep com- 
pany, if any man that is called a brother be a fornicator, or 
covetous, or an idolater, or a railer, or a drunkard, or an extor- 
tioner : with such a one no not to eat. [See 199.] 

369. Priests^ Nazarites^ and civil rulers specially forbidden the use of strong 
drink. 

Lev. 10: 8 The Lord spake unto Aaron, saying, 9 Do not 
drink wine nor strong drink, thou, nor thy sons with thee, when 
ye go into the tabernacle of the congregation, lest ye die : it 
shall he a statute for ever throughout your generations : 10 
And that ye may put difference between holy and imholy, and 
between unclean and clean; 11 And that ye may teach the 
children of Israel all the statutes which the Lord hath spoken 
unto them by the hand of Moses. 

Num. 6: 1 The Lord spake unto Moses, saying, 2 Speak 
unto the children of Israel and say unto them. When either 
man or woman shall separate themselves to vow a vow of a 
Nazarite, to separate themselves unto the Lord : 3 He shall 
separate himself from wine and strong drink, and shall drink no 
vinegar of wine, or vinegar of strong drink, neither shall he 
drink any liquor of grapes, nor eat moist grapes, or dried. 4 
All the days of his separation shall he eat nothing that is made 
of the vine-tree, from the kernels even to the husk. 

Pr. 31: 4 J^ is not for kings, O Lemuel, it is not for kings to 
drink wine ; nor for princes strong drink : 5 Lest they drink, 
and forget the law, and pervert the judgment of any of. the 
afflicted. [See 457.] 

INVITATIONS. 

370. Invitations f founded upon the provisions of the Gospel. 

Is. 45: 22 Look unto me, and be ye saved, all the ends of 
the earth : for I am God, and there is none else. — 55: 1 Ho, 
every one that thirsteth, come ye to the waters, and he that 

251 



871 INVITATIONS. 



ExpostulatioDE. 



hath no money ; come ye, buy, and eat ; yea, come, buy wine 
and milk without money and without price. 2 Wherefore do 
ye spend money for that which is not bread ? and your labor 
for thai which satisfieth not ? hearken diligently unto me, and 
eat ye that which is good, and let your soul delight itself iu 
fatness. 3 Incline your ear, and come unto me : hear, and 
your soul shall live : and I will make an everlasting covenant 
with you, even the sure mercies of David. 

Mat. 11: 28 Come unto me, all ye that labor, and are heavy 
laden, and I will give you rest. 29 Take my yoke upon you, 
and leam of me : for I am meek and lowly in heait ; and yc 
shall find rest unto your souls. 30 For my yoke is easy, and 
my burden is light. — 22: 2 The kingdom of heaven is like 
unto a certain king, which made a marriage for his son, 3 And 
sent forth his servants to call them that were bidden tO the 
wedding, and they would not come. 4 Again, he sent forth 
other servants, saying. Tell them which are bidden, Behold, I 
have prepared my dinner : my oxen and my fatlings are killed, 
and all things are ready : come unto the marriage. 

Lk. 14: 17 And sent his servant at supper-time, to say to 
them that were bidden. Come, for all things are now ready. 

Jn. 7: 37 In the last day, that great day of the feast, Jesus 
stood and cried, saying. If any man thirst, let him come unto 
me, and drink. 

Rev. 3: 20 Behold, I stand at the door, and knock : If any 
man hear my voice, and open the door, I will come in to him, 
and will sup with him, and he with me. — 22: 17 TheSpirit and 
the bride say. Come. And let him that heareth say, Come. 
And let him that is athirst come. And whosoever will, let him 
take the water of life freely. [See 233, 580.] 

371. Expostudatory Invitations. 

Pr. 1: 20 Wisdom crieth without; she uttereth her voice in 
the streets : 21 She crieth in the chief place of concourse, in 
the openings of the gates : in the city she uttereth her words, 
saying, 22 How long, ye simple ones, will ye love simplicity ? 
and the scomers delight in their scorning, and fools hate know- 
ledge? 23 Turn you at my reproof: behold, I will pour out 
my spirit unto you, I will make known my words unto you. 

Is. 1: 18 Come now, and let us reason together, saith the 
LOKD : though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be as white 
as snow; though they be red like crimson, they shall be aa 
wool. 

Jer. 22: 29 O earth, earth, earth, hear the word of the Lobd. 

Ezk. 33: 11 Say unto them, As I live, saith the Lord GUkI, 
252 



INVITATIONS. 372, 378 



Sincerity of apimrent — Rejected. 



1 have no pleasure in the death of the wicked ; but that the 
wicked turn from his way and live : turn ye, turn ye from your 
evil ways ; for why will ye die, O house of Israel ? 

Mic. 6: 1 Hear ye now what the Lord saith ; Arise, con- 
tend thoii before the mountains and let the hills hear thy voice. 

2 Hear ye, mountains, the Lord's controversy, and ye 
strong foundations of the earth : for the Lord hath a contro- 
versy with his people, and he will plead with Israel. 3 O my 
people, what have I done unto thee? and wherein have I 
wearied thee ? testify against me. [See 60, 224-5.] 

372. Sincerity of GocTs invitations apparent, or good desired and evil dep- 
recated. 

Ps. 81: 13 Oh that my people had hearkened unto me, and 
Israel had walked in my ways ! 14 1 should soon have sub- 
dued their enemies, and turned my hand against their adversaries. 
15 The haters of the Lord should have submitted themselves 
unto him. 

Is. 48: 18 O that thou hadst hearkened to my command- 
ments ! then had thy peace been as a river, and thy righteous- 
ness as the waves of the sea. 

Lk. 19: 41 When he was come near, he beheld the city, and 
wept over it, 42 Saying, If thou hadst known, even thou, at 
least in this thy day, the things which belong untothy^ojcel but 
now they are hid from thine eyes. [See 224, 228, 233.] 

373. Invitations rejected — excuses of sinners. 

Ps. 58: 4 They are like the deaf adder that stoppeth her 
ear; 5 Which will not hearken to the voice of chaimers, 
charming never so wisely. 

Pr. 1: 24 I have called and ye refused, I have stretched 
out my hand, and no man regarded ; 25 But ye have set at 
nought all my counsel, and would none of my reproof. 

Zee 7: 11 They refused to hearken, and pulled away the 
shoulder, and stopped their eai*s, that they should not hear. 
12 Yea, they made their hearts as an adamant stone, lest they 
should hear the law, and the words which the Lord of hosts 
hath sent in his Spirit by the former prophets : therefore came 
a great wrath from the Lord of hosts. 13 Therefore it is 
come to pass, that as he cried, and they would not hear ; so 
they cried, and I would not hear, saith the Lord of hosts. 

Mat 22: 2 The kingdom of heaven is like unto a certain 
king, which made a marriage for his son, 3 And sent forth his 
Beirants to call them that were bidden to the wedding : and 
ihej would not come. 4 Again, he sent forth other servants, 

22 253 



374^ 875 iBONT — JEWS. 



Ironical Langoaep — Jewish population predicted. 



saying, Tell them which are bidden, Behold, I have prepared 
my dinner : my oxen and my ladings are killed, and all things 
are ready : come unto the marriage. 5 But they made light 
of i^, and went their ways, one to his farm, another to his 
merchandise. 6 And the remnant took his servants, and 
entreated them spitefully, and slew them. 

Lk. 14: 17 And sent his servant at supper-time to say to 
them that were bidden, Come, for all things are now ready. 

18 And they all with one consent began to make excuse. The 
first said unto him, I have bought a piece of ground, and 1 
must needs go and see it: I pray thee have me excused. 

19 And another said, I have bought five yoke of oxen, and 
I go to prove them : I pray thee have me excused. 20 And 
another said, I have married a wife : and therefore I cannot 
come. [See 272, 696-7, 706.] 



IRONY. 

374. Ironical language sometimes used in the BSJe. 

Jud. 10: 14 Gk) and cry unto the gods which ye have chosen ; 
let them deliver you in the time of your tribulation. 

1 K» 18: 27 It came to pass at noon, that Elijah mocked 
them, and said, Cry aloud : for he is a god : either he is talking 
or he is pursuing, or he is in a journey, or peradventure he 
sleepeth, and must be awaked. 

Job 12: 1 Job answered and said, 2 No doubt but ye are the 
people, and wisdom shall die with you. 

Ec 11: 9 Rejoice, O young man, in thy youth ; and let thy 
heart cheer thee in the days of thy youth, and walk in the ways 
of thy heart, and in the sight of thine eyes : but know thou, 
that for all these things Gk>d will bring thee into judgment. 



JEWS, OR SEED OF ABRAHAM. 
375. Predicted population of the Jews, 

Gren. 13: 16 I will make thy seed as the dust of the earth : 
so that if a man can number the dust of the earth, then shall 
thy seed also be numbered. — 26: 4 I will make thy seed to 
multiply as the stars of heaven, and will give unto thy seed all 
these countries : and in thy seed shall sdl the nations of the 
earth be blessed. 

Is. 27: 6 He shall cause them that come of Jacob to take 
root: Israel shall blossom and bud, and fill the face of the world 
254 



JBWS. 876, 877 

— -1 - m 

Extent of their domain — Their wickedness and dispersion. 

with fruit. — 60; 22 A little one shall hecome a thousand, and 
a small one a strong nation : I the Lord will hasten it in his 
time. — 37: 26 I will make a covenant of peace with them ; it 
shall be an everlasting covenant with them: and I will place 
them, and multiply them, and will set my sanctuary in the 
midst of them for evermore. 

Hos. Jl: 10 The number of the children of Israel shall be as 
the sand of the sea, which cannot be measured nor numbered ; 
and it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said 
unto them, Ye are not my people, the^-e it shall be said unto 
them, Te are the sons of the living God. 

[Gen. 15: 5, and 16: 10, and 22: 17, and 28: 14. Num. 
23: 10. Is. 65: 23.] 

376. Extent of their territory^ and nature of the grant to them. 

Gen. 15: 18 In that same day the Lord made a covenant 
with Abram, saying, Unto thy seed have I given tliis land, 
from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Eu- 
phrates. — 17: 8 I will give unto thee, and to thy seed after 
thee, the land wherein thou art a stranger, all the land of 
Canaan, for an everlasting possession; and I ^ill be their 
God. 

Dt. 32: 8 When the Most High divided to the nations their 
inheritance, when lie separated the sons of Adam, he set the 
bounds of the people according to the number of the children 
of Israel. 9 For the Lord's portion t5 his people; Jacob is 
the lot of his inheritance. 

Jos. 1: 4 From the wilderness and this Lebanon even unto 
the great river, the river Euphrates, all the land of the Hit- 
tites, and unto the great sea toward the going down of the 
sun, sliall be your coast. 

[Num. 34: 2—12. Gen. 12: 7, and 13: 14—17. Ex. 6: 4, 
and 32: 13.] 

377. Wickedness and predicted dispersion of the Jews. 

Dt. 28: 64 The Lord shall scatter thee among all people 
from the one end of the earth even unto the other; and 
there thou shalt serve other gods, which neither thou nor thy 
fathers have known, even wood and stone. 65 And among 
these nations shalt thou find no ease, neither shall the sole of 
thy foot have rest: but the Lord shall give thee there a 
trembling heart, and failing of eyes, and soitow of mind. 
66 And thy life shall hang in doubt before thee: and thou 
shalt fear day and night, and shalt have none assurance of thy 

life. 

255 



878 JEWS. 

Thtdr return to Palestine. 



2 K. 17: 6 In the ninth year of Hoshea the king of Assyria 
took Samaria, and carried Israel away into Assyria, and placed 
them in Halah and in Ilabor by the river of Gozan, and in the 
cities of the Medes. 18 Therefore the Lord was very angry 
with Israel, and removed them out of his sight: there was 
none left but the tribe of Judah only. 19 Also Judah kept 
not the commandments of the Lord their Grod, but walked in 
the statutes of Israel wliich they made. 20 And the Lord 
rejected all the seed of Israel, and afflicted them, and delivered 
them into the hand of spoilers, until he had cast them out of 
his sight. 23 So was Israel carried away out of their own 
land to Assyria unto this day. 

Ezk. 2: 3 He said unto me, Son of man, I send thee to the 
children of Israel, to a rebellious nation that hath rebelled 
against me : they and their fathers have transgressed against 
me, even unto this very day. 7 Thou shalt speak my words 
unto them, whether they will hear, or whether they will for- 
beai' : for they are most rebellious. — 5: 5 Thus saith the Lord 
God ; This is Jerusalem ; I have set it in the midst of the 
nations and countries that are round about her. 6 And she 
hath changed my judgments into wickedness more than the 
nations, and my statutes more than the countries that are round 
about her : for they have refused my judgments and my stat- 
utes, they have not w^alked in them. 9 I will do in thee that 
which I have not done, and w^hereunto I will not do any more 
the like, because of all tliine abominations. — 9: 9 Then said 
he unto me, The iniquity of the house of Israel and Judah is 
exceeding great, and the land is full of blood, and the city full 
of perverseness : for they say, The Lord hath forsaken the 
earth, and the Lord seeth not. 

Hos. 9: 1 6 Ephraim is smitten, their root is dried up, they 
shall bear no fruit: yea, though they bring forth, yet will I slay 
even the beloved /rwzV of their womb. 17 My God will cast 
them away, because they did not hearken unto him : and they 
shall be wanderers among the nations. 

378. Predicted resuscitation^ reunion, and return of the Jeivs to the promised 
land, with peculiar subsequent prosperity. 

Is. 11: 11 It shall come to pass in that day, that the Lord 
shall set his hand again the second time to recover the rem- 
nant of his people, which shall be left, from Assyria, and from 
Egypt, and from Pathros, and from Gush, and from Elam, 
and from Shinar, and from Hamath, and from the islands of 
the sea. 12 And he shall set up an ensign for the nations, 
and shall assemble the outcasts of Israel, and gather together 
256 



JEWS. 378 

Their retam to Palentinc. 



tlie dispersed of Jadah from the four comers of the earth. 13 
The envy also of Ephraim shall depart, and the adversaries 
of Jadah shall be cut off: Ephraim shall not envy Judah, and 
Jadah shall not vex Ephraim. 16 And there shall bean liigh- 
waj for the renmant of his people, which shall be lefl, from 
Assyria; like as it was to Israel in the day that he came up 
oat of the land of Egypt — 27: 6 lie sliall cause them tliat 
come of Jacob to take root ; Israel shall blossom and bud, and 
fill the face of the world with fruit 13 And it sliall come to 
pass in that day, that the great trumpet shall be blown, and 
they shall come which were ready to j)erish in the land of 
Assyria, and the outcasts in the land of Egypt, and shall wor- 
ship the LoBD in the holy mount at Jerusalem. — 49: 22 Thus 
saith the Lord God, Behold, I will lift up my hand to the 
Gentiles, and set up my standard to the people : and they sliall 
bring thy sons in t/teir arms, and thy daughters shall be carried 
upon their shoulders. 23 And kings shall be thy nursing 
£sithers, and their queens thy nursing mothers. 

Jer. 3: 17 At that time they shall call Jerusalem the throne 
of the Lord ; and all the nations shall be gathered unto it, to 
the name of the Lord, to Jerusalem : neither shall they walk 
any more after the imagination of their evil heart. 18 In 
those days the house of Judah shall walk with the house of 
Israel, and they sliall come together out of tlie land of the 
north to the laiid that I have given for i\n inheritance unto 
your fathers. — IG: 14 Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, 
that it shall no more be said, Tlie Loud liveth, that brought up 
the children of Israel out of the land of I'^gypt. 15 But, The 
Xx)RD livetli, that brought up the children of Israel fiom the 
land of the north, and from all the lands whither he had driven 
them: and I will bring them again into their land that I gave 
unto their fathers. 16 Behold, I will send for many fishers, 
saith the Lord, and they shall fish them ; and after will I send 
for many hunters, and they sliall hunt them from every 
mountain, and from every liill, and out of the holes of the 
rocks. 

Ezk. 20: 40 For in my holy mountain, in the mountain of the 
height of Isra(}l, saith the Lord God, there sliall all the house 
of Israel, all of them in the land, serve me : there will I accept 
them, and there will I require your offerings, and the first 
fruits of your oblations, with all your holy things. 411 will 
accept you with your sweet savor, when 1 bring you out from 
the people, and gather you out of the countries wlierein yo 
have been scattered; and I will be sanctified in you before the 
heathen. 42 And ye sliall know that I am the Lord when I 

22* 257 



378 JEWS. 

Their return to Palestine. 



shall bring you into the land of Israel, into the country ybr the 
which I lifted up my hand to give it to your fathers. — 34: 13 
I will bring them out from the people, and gather them 
from the countries, and will bring them to their own land, 
and feed them upon the mountains of Israel by the rivers, 
and in all the inhabited places of the country. 23 And I 
^vill set up one Shepherd over them, and he shall feed them, 
even my servant David ; he shall feed them, and he shall be 
their shepherd. 24 And I the Lord will be their Grod, and 
iny servant David a prince among them ; I the Lord have 
sjioken it 25 And I will malce with them a covenant of 
peace, and will cause the evil beasts to cease out of the land : 
and they shall dwell safely in the wilderness, and sleep in the 
woods. 26 And I will make them and the places round about 
my hill a blessing ; and I will cause the shower to come down 
in his season ; there shall be showers of blessing. 27 And 
the tree of the field shall yield her fruit, and the earth shall 
yield her increase, and they shall be safe in their land, and 
shall know that I am the Lord, when I have broken the bands 
of their yoke, and dehvered them out of the hand of those 
that served themselves of them. 28 And they shall no more 
be a prey to the heathen, neither shall the beasts of the land 
devour them ; but they sliall dwell safely, and none shall make 
them afraid. 29 And I will raise up for them a plant of re- 
nown, and they shall be no more consumed with hunger in the 
land, neither bear the shame of the heathen any more. — 
36: 1 Also, thou son of man, prophesy unto the mountains 
of Israel, and say. Ye mountains of Israel, "hear the word of 
the Lord : 2 Thus saith the Lord God ; Because the enemy 
hath said against you, Aha, even the ancient high places are 
ours in possession : 3 Therefore, pro])hesy and say. Thus saith 
the Lord God ; Because they have made you desolate, and 
swallowed you up on every side, that ye might be a possession 
unto the residue of the heathen, and ye are taken up in the 
lips of talkers, and are an infamy of the people : 4 Therefore, 
ye mountains of Israel, hear the word of the Lord God ; Thus 
saith the Lord God to the mountains, and to the hills, to the 
rivers, and to the valleys, to the desolate wastes, and to the 
cities that are forsaken, which became a prey and derision to 
the residue of the heathen that are round about ; 5 Therefore 
thus saith the Lord God ; Surely in the lire of my jealousy 
have I spoken against the residue of the heathen, and against 
all Idumea, which have appointed my land into tlieir posses- 
8i6n with the joy of all their heart, with despiteful minds, to 
cast it out for a prey. 6 Prophesy therefore concerning the 
258 



JEWS. 378 

Their return to Palestine. 



land of Israel, and say unto the mountains, and to the hills, to 
the rivers, and to the valleys. Thus saith tlie Lord God ; Be- 
hold, I have spoken in my jealousy and in my fury, because 
ye have borne the shame of the heathen : 7 Therefore thus 
saith the Lord God ; I have lifted up mine hand : Surely the 
heathen that are about you, they shall bear tlieir shame. 
8 But ye, O mountains of Israel, ye shall shoot forth }our 
branches, and yield your fruit to my people of Israel ; for they 
are at hand to come. 9 For behold, I am for you, and I will 
turn unto you, and ye shall be tilled and sown : 10 And I will 
multiply men upon you, all the house of Israel, even all of it : 
and the cities shall be inhabited, and the wastes shall be 
builded: 11 And I will multiply upon you naan and beast; 
and they shall increase and bring fruit : and I will settle you 
after your old estates, and will do better unto you than at your 
''beginnings : and ye shall know that I aw the Lord. 12 Yea, 
I will cause men to walk upon jo\x,even my people Israel ; and 
they shall possess thee, and thou shalt be their inheritance, 
and thou shalt no more henceforth bereave them of men, 

13 Thus saith the Lord God ; Because they say unto you, 
Thou land devourest up men, and hast bereaved thy nations ; 

14 Therefore, thou shalt devour men no more, neither bereave 
thy nations any more, saitli the Lord God. lo Neither will I 
cause men to hear in thee the shame of the heathen any more, 
neither shalt thou bear the reproach of the people any more, 
neither shalt thou cause thy nations to fall any more, saith the 
Lord God. 33 Thus saith the Lord God ; In the day that I 
shall have cleansed you from all your iniquities I will also 
cause you to dwell in the cities, and the wastes shall be builded. 
34 And the desolate land shall be tilled, whereas it lay deso- 
late in the sight of all that pa^ised by. o5 And they shall say, 
This land that was desolate is become like the garden of Eden ; 
and the waste and desolate and ruined cities are become fenced, 
and ai'c inhabited. 3G Then the heathen that are left round 
about you shall know that I the Lord build the ruined places, 
and plant that that was desolate : I the Lord have spoken it, 
and I will do it, — 37: 1 The hand of the Lord was upon me, 
and carried me out in the Spirit of the Lord, and set me down 
in the midst of the valley which was full of bones, 2 And caused 
me to pass by them round about : and behold, there were very 
many in the open valley ; and lo, they were very dry. 3 And 
he said unto me. Son of man, can these bones live ? and I an- 
swered, O Lord God, thou knowest. 1 1 Then he said unto 
me. Son of man, these bones are the whole house of Israel : 
behold, they say, Our bones are dried, and our hope is lost : we 

259 



878 JEWS. 

Their return to palcstiue. 



are cut off for our parts. 12 Therefore prophesy and say unto 
them, Thus saith the Lord God ; Behold, O my people, I will 
open your graves, and cause you to come up out of your graves, 
and bring you into the land of Israel. 13 And ye shall know 
that I am the Lord, when I have opened your graves, O my 
people, and brought you up out of your graves, 14 And shall 
put my Spirit in you, and ye shall live, and I shall place you 
in your own land : then shall ye know that I the Lord have 
spoken it, and performed tV, saith the Lord. 16 Moreover, 
thou son of man, take thee one stick, and write upon it. For 
Judah, and for the children of Israel his companions : then 
take another stick, and write upon it, For Joseph, the stick of 
Ephraim, and/c^r all the house of Israel his companions : 17 
And join them one to another into one stick ; and they shall 
become one in thy hand. 18 And when the children of thy 
people shall speak unto thee, sajring. Wilt thou not shew us what 
thou meanest by these? 19 Say unto them. Thus saith the 
Lord God ; Behold, I will take the stick of Joseph, which is in 
the hand of Ephraim, and the tribes of Israel his fellows, and 
will put them with him, even with the stick of Judah, and make 
them one stick, and they shall be one in my hand. 20 And 
the sticks whereon thou writest shall be in thy hand before 
their eyes. 21 And say unto them. Thus saith the Lord 
God ; Behold, I will take the children of Israel from among 
the heatlien, whither they be gone, and will gather them 
on every side, and bring them into their o^vn land : 22 And 
I will make them one nation in the land upon the mountains 
of Israel ; and one king shall be Idng to them all : and they 
shall be no more two nations, neither shall they be divided into 
two kingdoms any more at all : 23 Neither shall they defile 
themselves any more with their idols, nor Avith their detestable 
things, nor with any of their transgressions : but I will save 
tliem out of all their dwelling-places, wherein they liave 
sinned, and will cleanse tliem : so shall tliey be my people, and 
I will be their God. 25 And thev shall dwell in the land that 
I have given unto Jacob my servant, wherein your fathers 
have dwelt, and they shall dwell therein, even they, and their 
children, and their children's children for ever : and my ser- 
vant David shall he their prince for ever. 26 Moreover I 
will make a covenant of peace with them ; it shall be an ever- 
lasting covenant with them : and I will place them, and 
multiply them, and will set my sanctuary in the midst of them 
for evermore. 27 My tabernacle also shall be with them: 
yea, I will be their God, and they shall be my people. 
28 And the heathen shall know that I the Lord do sanctify 
260 



JEWS. 378 

Thoir return to PalcFticp. 



Israel, when my sanctuary shall be in the midst of them for 
evermore. — 39: 24 According to their uncleanness and accord- 
ing to their transgressions have I done unto them, and hid my 
-face from them. 25 Therefore thus saith the Lord God ; 
!Now will I bring again the captivity of Jacob, and have mercy 
"upon the whole house of Israel, and will be jealous for my 
holy name ; 28 Then shall they know that I am the Lord 
their God, which caused them to be led into captivity among 
the heathen : but I have gathered them unto their own land, 
and have left none ot them any more there. 29 Neither will 
I hide my fece any more from them : for I liave poured out 
my Spirit upon the house of Israel, saith the Lord God. 

Hos. 1: 10 Yet the number of the cliildren of Israel shall 
be as the sand of the sea, which cannot be measured nor num- 
bered ; and it shall come to pass, t/tat in the place where it was 
said unto them, Ye are not my people, there it shall be said 
unto them, Te are the sons of the living God. 1 1 Then shall 
the children of Judah and the children of Israel be gathered 
together, and appoint themselves one head, and they shall come 
Up out of the land : for great shall be the day of JezreeL — 
3: 4 For the children of Israel shall abide many days without 
a king, and without a prince, and without a sacrifice, and with- 
out an image, and without an ephod, and tcithout teraphim : 5 
Afterward shall the children of Israel return, and seek the 
X<ORD their God, and David their king; and shall fear 
"the Lord and his goodness in the latter days. — 14: 5 I will 
"be as the dew unto Israel: he shall grow as the lily, and 
<;ast forth his roots as Lebanon. 6 His branches shall 
spread, and his beauty shall be as the olive tree, and his 
smell as Lebanon. 7 They that dwell under liis shadow shall 
return ; they shall revive as the corn, and grow as the vine : 
the scent thereof shall he as the wine of Lebanon. 

Am. 9: 14 I will bring again the captivity of my people of 
Israel, and they shall build the waste cities, and inhabit them ; 
and they shall plant vineyards, and drink the wine thereof ; 
they shall also make gardens, and eat the fruit of them. 15 
And I will plant them upon their land, and they shall no more 
be pulled up out of their land which I have given them, saith 
the Lord thy God. 

Mic. 2: 12 I will surely assemble, O Jacob, all of thee ; I 
will surely gather the remnant of Israel ; I will put them 
together as the sheep of Bozrah, as the flock in the midst of 
their fold : they shall make great noise by reason of the muUi' 
tude of men. 13 The breaker is come up before them : they 
have broken up, and have passed through the gate, and are 

261 



879, 880 JEWS. 

Obstructions removed — Enlarged possessions predicted. 
• < 

gone out by it ; and their king shall pass before them, and the 
Lord on tlie head of them'. — 4: 6 In that day, saith the 
Lord, will I assemble her that halteth, and I will gather her 
that is driven out, and her that I have afflicted ; 7 And I will 
make her that halted a remnant, and her that was cast far off a 
strong nation : and the Lord shall reign over them in Mount 
Zion from henceforth, even for ever. 

Zee. 10: G I will strengthen the house of Judah, and I will 
save the house of Joseph, and I will bring them again to place 
them ; for I have mercy upon them : and they shall be as 
though I had not cast them off: for I am the Lord their God, 
and will hear them. 7 And they of Ephraim shall be like 
amiglity man, and their heart shall rejoice as through wine: 
yea, their children shall see iV, and ]je glad ; their heart shall 
rejoice in the Lord. 8 I will hiss for them, and gather them; 
for I have redeemed them : and th(;y shall increase as they 
have increased. 10 I will bring them again also out of the 
land of Egypt, and gather them out of Assyria ; and I will 
bring them into the land of Gilead and Lebanon ; and place 
shall not be found for them. 

Lk. 21: 24 They shall fall by the edge of the sword, and 
shall be led away captive into all nations : and Jerusalem shall 
be trodden down of the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles 
be fulfilled. [Dt. 30: 1—6, Jer. 23: 6—8, and 46 ; 27, 28, Mic 
5th chap.] 

379. Removal of obstructions to the return of (lie Jews. 

Is. 11: 15 The Lord shall utterly destroy the tongue of the 
Egyptian sea ; and with his mighty wind shall he shake his 
hand over the river, and shall smite it in the seven streams, 
and make men go over dry-shod. — 27: 12 It shall come to 
pass in that day, that the Lord shall beat off from the channel 
of the river unto the stream of Egypt, and ye shall be gathered 
one by one, O ye children of Israel. 

Rev. 16: 12 The sixth angel poured out his vial upon the 
great river Euphrates ; and the water thereof was dried up, 
that the way of the kings of the east might be prepared. 

380. Enlarged possessions predicted. 

Is. 11: 14 They shall fly upon the shoulders of the Philis- 
tines toward the west; they shall spoil them of the east together : 
they shall lay their hand upon Edom and Moab ; and the chil- 
dren of Ammon shall obey them. 

Am. 9: 11 In that day will I raise up the tabernacle of David 
that is fallen, and dose up the breaches thereof ; and I wiU raise 
262 



JEWS. 381 

m^ -■■' --- — 

Trials and reTolations with their return. 

■^^^^,^^^^^^^^^^^^^— ^^M^— W^^^^-^^B I ■■■■■ -■■■■■II ll» ■ — I ^^^^^^i— ^— ^^^^^■^^^^^■^■^■—1 ^^,^i^Ma 

up his rains, and I will build it as in the days of old : 12 That 

tbey may possess the remnant of Edom, and of all the heathen 

which are called by my name, saith the Lord that doeth this. 

Ob. 18 The house of Jacob shall be a fire, and the house 

of Joseph a fiame, and the house of Esau for stubble, and they 

shall kindle in them, and devour them ; and there shall not be 

any remsdningof the house of Esau ; for the Lord hath spok(>n 

%t, 19 And they of the south shall possess the mount of 

£8au ; and they of the plain the Philistines : and they slisdl 

jpossess the fields of Ephraim, and the fields of Samaria : and 

benjamin shall possess Gilead. 20 And the captivity of this 

Xiost of the children of Israel shall possess that of the Canaan- 

:£tes, even unto Zarephath ; and the captivity of Jeru>;alem, 

^which is in Sephared, shall possess the cities of the south. 

tSee Is. 54: 3.] 

381. Trials and revolutions connected with the return of the Jews to PiU- 
estine. 

Is. 11: 14 They shall fly upon the shoulders of the Philis- 
tines toward the west ; they shall spoil them of the east to- 
gether : they shall lay their hand upon Edom and Moab; and the 
children of Ammon shall obey them. 

Jer. 30: 7 Alas ! for that day is great, so that none is like it : 
it is even the time of Jacob's trouble, but he shall be saved out 
of it. 11 For I am with thee, saith the Lord, to save thee : 
though I make a full end of all nations whither Iliave scattared 
thee, yet will I not make a fall end of thee : but I will correct 
thee in measure, and will not leave thee altogether unpun- 
ished. 

!Ezk. 20: 33 As 1 live, saith the Lord God, surely with a 
inighty hand, and with a stretched out arm, and with fury 
I>oured out, will I rule over you : 34 And I will bring you out 
from the people, and will gather you out of the countries where- 
in ye are scattered, with a mighty hand, and with a stretched 
out arm, and Avith fury poured out. 35 And I will bring you 
into the wilderness of the people, and there will I plead with 
you face to face. 36 Like as I pleaded with your fathers in the 
wilderness of the land of Egypt, so will I plead with you, saith 
the Lord God. 37 And I will cause you to pass under the 
rod, and I will bring you into the bond of the covenant : 38 
And I will purge out from among you the rebels, and them tliat 
transgress against me : I will bring them forth out of the coun- 
try where they sojourn, and they shall not enter into the land 
of Israel : and ye shall know that I am the Lord. — 38: 8 
After many days thou shalt be visited : in the latter years thou 

263 



d81 JEWS. 

Trials and reyolutions with their retam. 

shalt come into the land tliat is brought back from the sword, 
and is gathered out of many people, against the mountains of 
Israel, which have been always waste : but it is brought forth 
out of the nations, and they shall dwell safely all of them. 9 
Thou shalt ascend and come like a storm, thou shalt be like a 
cloud to cover the land, thou, and all thy bands, and many peo- 
ple with thee. 11 And thou shalt say, I will go up to the land 
of unwalled villages ; I will go to them that are at rest, that 
dwell safely, all of them dwelling without walls, and having 
neither bars nor gates, 12 To take a spoil,and to take a prey ; to 
turn thy hand upon the desolate places that are now inhabited, 
and upon the people that are gathered out of the nations, which 
have gotten cattle and goods, that dwell in the midst of the 
land. 16 And thou shalt come up against my people of Israel, 
as a cloud to cover the land ; it shall be in the latter days, and 
I will bring thee agadnst my land, that the heathen may know 
me, when I shall be sanctified in thee, O Gog, before their 
eyes. 21 And I will call for a sword against him throughout 
all my mountains, saith the Lord God : every man's sword 
shall be against his brother. 22 And I will plead against him 
with pestilence and with blood; and I will rain upon him, and 
upon his bands, and upon the many people that are with him, 
an overflowing rain, and great hailstones, fire, and brimstone. 

Joel 3: 1 Behold, in those days, and in that time, when I 
shall bring again the captivity of Judah and Jerusalem, 2 I 
will also gather all nations, and will bring them down into the 
valley of Jehoshaphat, and will plead with them there for my 
people and for my heritage Israel, whom they have scattered 
among the nations, and parted my land. 12 Let the heathen 
be wakened, and come up to the valley of Jehoshaphat : for 
there will I sit to judge all the heathen round about 17 So 
shall ye know that I am the Lord your Grod dwelling in Zion 
my holy mountain : then shall Jerusalem be holy, and there 
shall no strangers pass through her any more. 

Mic 4: 11 Many nations are gathered against thee, that say. 
Let her be defiled, and let our eye look upon Zion. 12 But 
they know not the thoughts of the Lord, neither understand 
they his counsel : for he shall gather them as the sheaves into 
the floor. 13 Arise and thresh, O daughter of Zion : for I 
will make thine horn iron, and I will make thy hoofs brass : 
and thou shalt beat in pieces many people : and I will conse- 
crate their gain unto the Lord, and their substance unto the 
Lord of the whole earth. 

Zee. 10: 11 He shall pass through the sea with afflictioDy 
and shall smite the waves in the sea, and all the deeps of the 
264 



JEWS. 881 

Txials and Reyolutions with their xetom. 



river shall dry up : and the pride of Assyria shall he hronght 

down, and the sceptre of Egypt shall depart away. — 12: 2 

Behold, I will make Jerusalem a cup of trembling unto all the 

people round about, when they shall be in the siege both against 

Judkh cmd against Jerusalem. 3 And in that day will I make 

Jerusalem a burdensome stone for all people : all that burden 

themselves with it shall be cut in pieces, though all the people 

of the earth be gathered together against it. 6 In that day 

'Will I make the governors of Judah like a hearth of fire among 

t:he wood, and like a torch of fire in a sheaf; and they shall 

devour all the people round about, on the right hand and on 

Ae left : and Jerusalem shall be inhabited again in her own 

3>lace, even in Jerusalem. 9 And it shall come to pass in that 

^j, that I will seek to destroy all the nations that come against 

Jerusalem. — 13: 8 It shall come to pass, thai in all the land, 

saith the Lord, two parts therein shall be cut off and die ; but 

the third shall be left therein. 9 And I will bring the third 

part through the fire, and will refine them as silver is refined, 

and will tiy them as gold is tried: they shall call on my name, and 

I will hear them: I will say, It w my people ; and they shall 

say, The Lord is my God. — 14: 1 Behold, the day of the 

Lord oometh, and thy spoil shall be divided in the midst of 

thee. 2 For I will gather all nations against Jerusalem to 

battle ; and the city shall be taken, and the houses rifled, and 

the women ravished ; and half of the city shall go forth into 

captivity, and the residue of the people shall not be cut off 

fix)m the city. 3 Then shall the Lord go forth, and fight 

against those nations, as when he fought in the day of battle. 

12 And this shall be the plague wherewith the Lord will smite 

all the people that have fought against Jerusalem ; Their flesh 

shall consume away while they stand upon their feet, and their 

eyes shall consume away in their holes, and their tongue shall 

consume away in their mouth. 13 And it shall come to pass 

in that day, that a great tumult from the Lord shall be among 

them ; and they shall lay hold every one on the hand of his 

neighbor, and his hand shall rise up against the hand of his 

neighbor. 14 And Judah also shall fight at Jerusalem : and 

the wealth of all the heathen round about shall be gathered 

together, gold, and silver, and apparel, in great abundance. 

16 And it shall come to pass that every one that is left of all 

the nations which came against Jerusalem, shall even go up 

from year to year to worship the King, the Lord of hosts, and 

to keep the feast of tabernacles. 20 In that day shall there 

be upon the bells of the horses, HOLINESS UNTO THE 

LORD ; and the pots in the Lord's house shall be like the bowls 

28 265 



382 JEWS. 

ConTersion of. 



beforethealtar.[Zec.lO:10— 12.Jer. 30: 7— 11.] — [See 86, 
87, 486, 566, 630.] 

382. Coni}enion of the Jews, 

Is. 27: 7 Hath he smitten him, as he smote those that smote 
him ? or is he slain according to the slaughter of them that are 
slain hy him ? 9 By this therefore shall the iniquity of Jacob 
be purged ; and this is all the fruit to take away his sin ; when 
he maketh all the stones of the altar as chalk-stones that are 
beaten in sunder, the groves and images shall not stand up. 

Jer. 31: 1 At the same time, saith the Lokd, will I be the 
Grod of all the famihes of Israel, and they shall be my people. 
18 I have surely heard Ephraim bemoaning himself tlius; 
Thou hast chastised me, and I was chastised, as a bullock un- 
accustomed to the yoke : turn thou me, and I shaQ be turned ; 
for thou art the Lord my Grod. 19 Surely after that I was 
turned, I repented ; and after that I was instructed, I smote 
upon my thigh : I was ashamed, yea, even confounded, because I 
did bear the reproach of mv youth. 20 Is Ephraim my dear 
son ? is ?ie& pleasant child r for since I spake against him, 1 
do earnestly remember him still: therefore my bowels are 
troubled for him ; I will surely have mercy upon him, saith the 
Lord. 31 Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that I will 
make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the 
house of Judah: 32 Not according to the covenant that I made 
with their fathers, in the day that I took them by the hand to 
bring them out of the land of Egypt ; which my covenant they 
brake, although I was a husband unto them, saith the Lord : 
33 But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the 
house of Israel ; After those days, saith the Lord, I will put 
my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts ; and 
will be their God, and they shall be my people. 34 And they 
shall teach no more every man his neighbor, and every man 
his brother, saying, Know the Lord : for they shaU all know 
me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith the 
Lord : for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember 
their sin no more. — 33: 8 I will cleanse them from aU their 
iniquity, whereby they have sinned against me ; and I will 
pardon all their iniquities, whereby they have sinned, and 
whereby they have transgressed against me. 

Ezk. 36: 21 I had pity for mine holy name, which the house 
of Israel had profaned among the heathen, whither they went. 
22 Therefore, say unto the house of Israel, Thus saith the 
Lord God ; I do not this for your sakes, O house of Israel, but 
for mine holy name's sake, which ye have profaned among the 
266 



JEWS. 882 

Conrersion ot 



heathen, whither ye went 23 And I will sanctify my great 

name, which was profaned among the heathen, which ye have 

profaned in the midst of them ; and the heathen shall know 

that I am the Loed, saith the Lord God, when I shall be 

sanctified in you before their eyes. 24 For I will take you 

from among the heathen, and gather you out of all countries, 

and will bring you into your own land. 25 Then will I 

sprinkle clean water upon you, and ye shall be clean : from all 

your filthiness, and from all your idols, will I cleanse you. 

26 A new heart also will I give you, and a new spirit will I 

put within you : and I will take away the stony heart out of 

your flesh, and I will give you an heart of flesh. 27 And I 

will put my Spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my 

statutes, and ye shall keep my judgments, and do them, 28 

And ye shall dwell in the land that I gave to your fathers ; 

and ye shall be my people, and I will be your God. 31 Then 

shall ye remember your own evil ways, and your doings that 

were not good, and shall loathe yourselves in your own sight 

for your iniquities, and for your abominations. 32 Not for 

your sakes do I this, saith the Lofd God, be it known unto 

you : be ashamed and confounded for your OAvn ways, O house 

of Israel. 

Hos. 14: 4 I will heal their backsliding, I will love them 
fireely : for mine anger is turned away from him. 8 Ephraim 
shall say, What have I to do any more with idols? 

Mic 4: 2 Many nations shall come, and say. Come, and let 
us go up to the mountain of the Lord, and to the house of the 
God of Jacob ; and he will teach us of his ways, and we will 
walk in his paths : for the law shall go forth of Zion, and the 
word of the Lord from Jerusalem. 

Zee 12: 10 I will pour upon the house of David, and upon 
the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of sup- 
plications: and they shall look upon me whom they have 
pierced, and they shall mourn for liim,as one moumeth for Ms 
only son, and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in 
bitterness for his first-born. 1 1 Li that day shall there be a 
great mourning in Jerusalem, as the mourning of Hadadrim- 
mon in the valley of Megiddon. 

Rom. 11: 15 If the casting away of them be the reconciling 
of the world, what shall the receiving of them be, but life from 
the dead? 16 For if the first fruit be holy, the lump is also 
holy : and if the root be holy, so are the branches. 24 For if 
thou wert cut out of the olive-tree which is wild by nature, 
and wert graffed contrary to nature iuto a good olive-tree, how 
much more shall these, which be the natural hrarusheSf be 

267 



888 JXTDOMEKT DAT. 



Appointed. 



graffed into their own oKve-tree ? 25 For I would not, breth- 
ren, that ye should be ignorant of this mystery, (lest ye should 
be wise in your own conceits) that blindness in part is happened 
to Israel, until the fulness of the Grentiles be come in. 26 And 
so all Israel shall be saved : as it is written, There shall come 
out of Sion the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness 
from Jacob : 27 For this is my covenant unto them, when I 
shall take away their sins. 

2 Cor. 3: 15 Even unto this day, when Moses is read, the 
vail is upon their heart. 16 Nevertheless, when it shall turn 
to the Lord, the vail shall be taken away. 



GENERAL JUDGMENT. 
383. General judgment appointed. 

Ps. 50: 3 Our Grod shall come, and shall not keep silence : 
a fire shall devour before him, and it shall be very tempestuous 
round about him. 4 He shall call to the heavens from above, 
and to the earth, that he may judge his people. 5 Gather my 
saints together unto me ; tliose that have made a covenant with 
me by sacrifice. 6 And the heavens shall dedare his right- 
eousness : for God ts judge himself. 

Mat 11: 24 I say unto you. That it shall be more tolera- 
ble for the land of Sodom, in the day of judgment, than for 
thee. 

Ac 17: 31 He hath appointed a day, in the whidi he will 
judge the world in righteousness, by that man whcHn he hath 
ordained : whereof he hath given assurance unto aU men, in 
that he hath raised him from the dead. — 24: 25 As he reasoned 
of righteousness, temperance, and judgment to come, Felix 
trembled. 

Bom. 14: 10 Why dost thou judge thy brother? or why dost 
thou set at nought thy brother ? for we shall aU stand before 
the judgment-seat of Christ 12 So then every one of us 
shall give account of himself to Grod. 

2 Cor. 5: 10 We must all appear before the judgment-seat 
of Christ ; that every one may receive the things done in his 
body, according to that he hath done, whether it be good or bad. 

2 Tim. 4: 1 I charge thee therefore before Grod, and the 
Lord Jesus Christ, who shall judge the quick and the dead at 
his appearing and his kingdom. 

Heb. 9: 27 It is appointed unto men once to die, but after 
this the judgment. 

2 Pet 3: 7 The heavens and the earth, which are now, by 
268 



JUDGMENT DAT. 384^ 885 



Design of — Sudden and Unexpected. 



the same word are kept in store, reserved unto fire against the 
day of judgment and perdition of ungodly men. 

Jude 6 The angels which kept not their first estate, but left 
their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains 
under darkness unto the judgment of the great day. 

Rev. 20: 12 I saw the dead, small and great, stand before 
God: and the books were opened: and another book was 
opened, which is the hook of life : and the dead were judged 
out of those things which were written in the books, according 
to their works. 13 And the sea gave up the dead which were 
in it ; and death and hell delivered up tite dead which were 
in them : and they were judged every man according to their 
works. 

384. Design of the geneial judgment. 

Rom. 2: 5 After thy hardness and impenitent heart, treas- 
urest up unto thyself wrath against the day of wrath, and rev- 
elation of the righteous judgment of God. 

Jude 14 Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied 
of these, saying. Behold, the Lord cometh with ten thousand 
of his saints, 15 To execute judgment upon all, and to con- 
vince all that are ungodly among them of all their ungodly 
deeds which they have ungodly committed, and of all their 
liard speeches which ungodly sinners have spoken against him. 

385. T}i£ Judgment dag will come suddenly and unexpectedly. 

Mat. 24: 37 As the days of Noe were, so shall also the com- 
ing of the Son of man be. 38 For as in the days that were 
before the flood, they were eating and drinking, marrying and 
giving in marriage, until the day that Noe entered into the ark, 
39 And knew not until the flood came, and took them all 
away: so shall also the coming of the Son of man be. — 
25: 13 Watch therefore, for ye know neither the day nor the 
hour wherein the Son of man ^wmeth. 

Mk. 13: 32 Of that day and that hour knoweth no man, no, 
not the angels which are in heaven, neither the Son, but the 
Father. 33 Take ye heed, watch and pray : for ye know not 
when the time is. 35 Watch ye therefore : for ye know not 
when the master of the house cometh, at even, or at midnight, 
or at the cock-crowing, or in the morning : 36 Lest coming 
suddenly, he find you sleeping. 

Lk. 17: 24 As the lightning that lighteneth out of the one 
part under heaven, shineth unto the other part under heaven ; 
60 shall also the Son of man be in his day. 28 Likewise also 
as it was in the days of Lot : they did eat, they drank, they 

23* 269 



8BB|^87 JT7DGMENT DAT. 



Earth to perish — Final ScparaUon. 



bought, they sold, they planted, they builded ; 29 But the 
same diay that Lot went out of Sodom, it rained fire and brim- 
stone from heaven, and destroyed fJiem all : 30 Even thus 
shall it be in the day when the Son of man is revealed. — 
2 1 : 35 As a snare shall it come on all them that dwell on the 
face of the whole earth. 36 Watch ye therefore, and pray 
always, that ye may be accounted worthy to escape all these 
tilings that shall come to pass, and to stand before the Son 
of man. 

Ac 1: 7 He said unto them, It is not for you to know the 
times or the seasons which the Father hath put in his own 
power. [See 149.] 

386. Destruction of the material heavens and earth. 

Ps. 102: 25 Of old hast thou laid the foundation of the earth: 
and the heavens are the work of thy hands. 26 They shall 
perish, but thou shalt endure : yea, all of them shall wax old 
like a garment ; as a vesture sh^t thou change them, and they 
shall be changed. 

Is. 51: 6 Lift up your eyes to the heavens, and look upon 
the earth beneath: for the heavens shall vanish away like 
smoke, and the earth shall wax old like a garment, and they 
that dwell therein shall die in like manner. 

2 Pet. 3: 7 The heavens and the earth, which are now, by 
the same word are kept in store, reserved unto fire against the 
day of judgment and perdition of ungodly men. 10 But the 
day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night ; in the which 
the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements 
shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works that 
al-e therein shall be burned up. 1 1 Seeing then ^at all these 
things shall be dissolved, what manner of persons ought ye to 
be in oZ? holy conversation and godliness, 12 Looking for and 
hasting unto the coming of the day of God, wherein the 
heavens being on fire shall be dissolved, and the elements shall 
melt with fervent heat ? 

Rev. 20: 11 I saw a great white throne, and him that sat on 
it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away ; and 
there was found no place for them. 

387. The righteous and wicked separated at judgment. 

Mat. 13: 30 Let both grow together until the harvest : and 
in the time of harvest I will say to the reapers. Gather ye 
together first the tares, and bind them in bundles to bum them: 
but gather the wheat into my bam. — 22: 11 When the king 
came in to see the guests, he saw there a man which had not 
270 



JUDGMENT DAT. 888,889 



Ghxisfc the Judge — Paiticalar disclosores. 



on a wedding-garment : 12 And he saith unto him, Friend, 
how earnest thou in hither, not having a wedding-garment ? 
And he was speechless. 13 Then said the king to the servants, 
Bind him hand and foot, and take him away, and cast him into 
outer darkness : there shall he weeping and gnashing of teeth. — 
25: 31 When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all 
the holy angels with him, then shall he sit upon the throne 
of his ^ory : 32 And before him shall be gathered all nations: 
and he shall separate them one from another, as a shepherd 
divideth his sheep from the goats : 33 And he shall set the 
sheep on his right hand, but the goats on the left. 

LL 16: 26 Between us and you there is a great gulf fixed : 
60 that they which would pass from hence to you cannot; 
neither can they pass to us, that would came from thence. 

[See 560.] 

388. Judgment committed to Christ. 

Jn. 5: 22 The Father judgeth no man ; but hath committed 
an judgment unto the Son : 23 That all men should honor 
the Son, even as they honor the Father. 27 And hath given 
him authority to execute judgment also, because he is the Son 
of man. 

Ac. 10: 40 Him Grod raised up the third day, and shewed 
him openly : 42 And he commanded us to preach unto the 
people, and to testify that it is he which was ordained of Grod 
to be the Judge of quick and dead. 

2 Tim. 4: 1 I charge thee therefore before Grod, and the 
Lord Jesus Christ, who shall judge the quick and the dead at 
his appearing and his kingdom. 

389. Particular disclosures at the day of judgment. 

Ec. 11: 9 Rejoice, O young man, in thy youth: and let thy 
heart cheer thee in the days of thy youth, and walk in the 
ways of thine heart, and in the sight of thine eyes : but know 
thou, that for all these things Gk)d will bring thee into judg- 
ment. — 12: 14 Grod shall bring every work into judgment, 
with every secret thing, whether it be good, or whether it be 
evil. 

Mat. 12: 36 I say unto you. That every idle word that 
men shall speak, they shall give account thereof in the day 
of judgment 

Lk. 12: 2 There is nothing covered, that shall not be revealed; 
neither hid, that shall not be known. 3 Therefore, whatsoever 
ye have spoken in darkness, shall be heard in the light : and that 
which ye have spoken in the ear in closets, shall be proclaimed 
npon the house-tops. 

271 



39(>--392 JUDGMENT DAT — KNOWLEDGE. 

Irrerocable Decirfons — Knowledge Required — Its Benefits. 

Bom. 2: 16 In the day when Gkxi shall judge the secrets of 
men by Jesus Christ, accordmg to my gospel. 

1 Cor. 3: 13 Every man's work shall be made manifest : for 
the day shall declare it, because it shall be revealed by fire ; 

and the fire shall try every man's work, of what sort it is 

4: 5 Judge nothing before the time, imtil the Lord come, who 
both will bring to fight the hidden things of darkness, and will 
make manifest the counsels of the hearts : and then shall every 
man have praise of Grod. 

390. Irrevocable decisions of tJie judgment 

Lk. 13: 26 Then shall ye begin to say. We have eaten and 
drank in thy presence, and thou hast taught in our streets. 
27 But he shall say, I tell you, I know you not whence ye are ; 
depart from me, all ye workers of iniquity. — 16: 26 Between 
us and you there is a great gulf fixed : so that they which would 
pass from hence to you, cannot ; neither can they pass to us, 
that would come from thence. 

Rev. 22: 1 1 He that is unjust, let him be unjust still : and he 
which is filthy, let him be filthy stiU : and he that is righteous, 
let him be righteous still : and he that is holy, let him be holy 
stilL 12 And behold, I come quickly ; and my reward is with 
me, to give every man according as his work shall be. 

[See 553, 567, 572.] 

KNOWLEDGK 

391. True knowledge required and encouraged. 

Pr. 4: 7 Wisdom is the principal thing ; therefore get wisdom: 
and with aU thy getting get understanding. 8 Exalt her, and 
she shall promote thee : she shall bring thee to honor, when 
thou dost embrace her. 9 She shall give to thine head an 
ornament of grace : a crown of glory shall she deliver to thee. 
13 Take fast hold of instruction ; let her not go : keep her ; for 
she is thy life. — 8: 10 Receive my instruction, and not silver: 
and knowledge rather tlian choice gold. — 22: 17 Bow down 
thine ear, and hear the words of the wise, and apply thine 
heart unto my knowledge. — 23: 12 Apply thine heart unto 
instruction, and thine ears to the words of knowledge. 23 Buy 
the truth, and sell zt not, also wisdom, and instruction, and 
understandmg. [See 363, 633.] 

392. The benefit of true knowledge, 

Pr. 2: 10 When wisdom entereth into thine heart, and 
knowledge is pleasant unto thy soul ; 11 Discretion shall pre- 
272 



KNOWLEDGE. 893, 394 

V "^^ - III I 

The foundation of Love — Certain Knowledge. 

serve thee, understanding shall keep thee : 12 To deliver thee 
from the way of the evil man, from the man that speaketh 
froward things. — 3: 13 Happy is the man that findeth wisdom, 
and the man that getteth understanding. 14 For the merchan- 
dise of it is better than the merchandise of silver, and the gain 
thereof than fine gold. 15 She is more precious than rubies : 
and all the things thou canst desire are not to be compared 
unto her. 16 Length of days is in her right hand ; and in her 
left riches and honor. 17 Her ways are ways of pleasantness, 
and all her paths are peace. 18 She is a tree of life to them 
that lay hold upon her : and happy is evert/ one that retaineth 
her. 35 The wise shall inherit glory : but shame shall be the 
promotion of fools. — 4: 5 Get wisdom, get understanding: 
forget it not ; neither decline from the words of my mouth. 
6 Forsake her not, and she shall preserve thee : love her, and 
she shall keep thee. 8 Exalt her, and she shall promote thee : 
she shall bring thee to honor, when thou dost embrace her. 
9 She shall give to thine head an ornament of grace : a crown 
of glory shall she deliver to thee. — 16: 22 Understanding is 
a well-spring of life unto him that hath it : but the instruction 
of fools is folly. 

Ec. 7: 12 Wisdom is a defence, and money is a defence : but 
the excellency of knowledge is, that wisdom giveth life to them 
that have it. 

393. True knowledge, essential to true love. 

Ph. 1: 9 This I pray, that your love may abound yet more 
and more in knowledge and in all judgment ; 10 That ye may 
approve things that are excellent ; that ye may be sincere and 
without offence till the day of Christ. 

2 Pet. 1: 2 Grace and peace be multiplied unto you through 
the knowledge of God, and of Jesus our Lord. 3 According 
as his divine, power hath given unto us all things that pertain 
unto life and godliness, through the knowledge of him that hath 
called us to glory and virtue. [See 47.] 

394. jHie certain knowledge of divine truth. 

Job 19: 25 I know that mj Redeemer liveth, and that he 
shall stand at the latter dai/ upon the earth. 

Pr. 22: 20 Have not I written to thee excellent things in 
counsels and knowledge, 21 That I might make thee know the 
certainty of the words of truth ; that thou mightest answer the 
words of truth to them that send unto thee ? 

Jn. 6: 69 We believe, and are sure that thou art that Christ, 
the Son of the living God. 

2 Tim. 1: 12 For the which cause I also suffer these things: 

273 



395—^7 fi:NOWLED6R. 

How Attained — To be Imparted — Sclf-knowled^. 

w 

nevertheless I am not ashamed : for I know whom I have be- 
lieved, and am persuaded that he is able to keep that which I 
have committed unto him against that day. 

1 Jn. 2: 20 Ye have an unction from the Holy One, and ye 
know all things. 21 I have not written unto you because ye 
know not the truth, but because ye know it, and that no lie is 
of the truth. [See 20G, 240.] 

395. How can knowledge and wisdom he attainrd? 

Pr. 2: 3 Yea, if thou criest after knowledge, and liftest up 
thy voice for understanding ; 4 If thou seekest her as silver, 
and searchest for her as for hid treasures ; 5 Then shalt thou 
understand the fear of the Lord, and find the knowledge of 
God. 6 For the Lord giveth wisdom: out of his mouth 
cometh knowledge and understanding. 7 He layeth up sound 
wisdom for the righteous : he is a buckler to them that walk 
uprightly. — 18: 1 Through desii'e, a man, having separated 
himself, seeketh and intermeddleth with all wisdom. 

Jam. 1: 5 K any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that 
giveth to all men liberally, and upbraideth not ; and it shall 
be given him. 6 But let liim ask in faith, nothing wavering. 
For he that wavereth is like a wave of the sea driven with the 
wind and tossed. 

396. Knoicledge should he impjrted. 

Pr. 27: 9 Ointment and perfiime rejoice the heart : so doih 
the sweetness of a man's friend by hearty counsel. 

Mat. 5: 19 Whosoever therefore shall break one of these 
least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called 
the least in the kingdom of heaven : but whosoever shall do, 
and teach them, the same shall be called great in the kingdom 
of heaven. [See 110.] 

397. Self-knowledge required. 

Ps. 4: 4 Stand in awe, and sin not : commune with your own 
heart upon your bed, and be still. 

Lam. 3: 40 Let us search and try our ways, and turn again 
to the Lord. 

1 Cor. 11: 28 Let a man examine himself, and so let him eat 
of thai bread, and drink of that cup. 

2 Cor. 13: 5 Examine yourselves, whether ye be in the faith ; 
prove your own selves. Bjiow ye not your own selves, how 
that Jesus Christ is in you, except ye be reprobates ? 

Gral. 6: 4 But let every man prove his own work, and then 
ahall he have rejoicing in himself alone, and not in another. 
[See 105, 704.] 
274 



KNOWLEDGE — LAYING ON OP HANDS. 898 400 

Wntaxe Knowledge more Perfect — Laying on of Hands — In working Mizacles. 

398. Knowledge more perfect hereafter, 

Jn. 13: 7 Jesus answered and said unto him, What I do thou 
knowest not npw; but thou shalt know hereafter. — 16: 25 
These things have I spoken unto you in proverbs : but the time 
Cometh when I shall no more speak unto you in proverbs, but I 
shall show you plainly of the Father. 

1 Cor. 13: 9 We know in part, and we prophesy in part. 
10 But when that which is perfect is come, then that which is 
in part shall be done away. 12 For now we see through a 
glass, darkly ; but then face to face : now I know in part ; but 
tiien shall I know even as also I am known. 



LAYING ON OF HANDS. 

399. Laying on of hands in communicating ordinary blessings. 

Gren. 48: 14 Israel stretched out his right hand, and laid it 
upon Ephraim's head, who was the younger, and his left hand 
upon Manasseh's head, guiding his hands wittingly ; for Manas- 
seh was the first-bom. 15 And he blessed Joseph, and said, 
Grod, before whom my fathers Abraham and Isaac did walk, 
the Gk)d which fed me all my life long unto this day, 16 The 
Angel which redeemed me from all evil, bless the lads ; and 
let my name be named on them, and the name of my fathers 
Abraham and Isaac : and let them grow into a multitude in the 
midst of the earth. 

Mat. 19: 13 Then were there brought unto him little chil- 
dren, that he should put his hands on them, and pray: and the 
disciples rebuked them. 14 But Jesus said, Suffer little chil- 
dren, and forbid them not, to come unto me : for of such is the 
kingdom of heaven. 15 And he laid his hands on them, and 
departed thence. 

Rev. 1: 17 When I saw him, I fell at his feet as dead. And 
he laid his right hand upon me, saying unto me, Fear not ; I 
am the first and the last. 

400. Laying on of hands in working miracles. 

Mk. 6: 5 He laid his hand upon a few sick folk, and healed 
them, — 16: 18 They shall lay hands on the sick, and they shall 
recover. 

Lk. 4: 40 When the sun was setting, all they that had any 
sick with divers diseases, brought them unto him : and he laid 
his hands on every one of them, and healed them. 

Ac. 8: 17 Then laid they their hands on them, and they 
receive the Holy Ghost. 18 And when Simon saw tht^ 

275 



401f 402 LEWDNESS. 



Common. 



through la3rmg on of the apostles' hands the Holy Ghost was 
given, he offered them money, 19 Saying, Give me also this 
power, that on whomsoever I lay hands, he may receive the 
Holy Ghost. — 28: 8 Paul entered in, and prayed, and laid his 
hands on him, and healed him. 

401. Laying on of hands in giving charges and designating to office. 

Num. 27: 22 Moses did as the Lord commanded him : and 
he took Joshua, and set him before Eleazar the prijest, and 
before all the congregation : 23 And he laid his hands upon 
him, and gave him a charge, as the Lord commanded by the 
hand of Moses. 

Ac 13: 2 As they ministered to the Lord, and fasted, the 
Holy Ghost said, Separate me Barnabas and Saul, for the 
work whereunto I have called them. 3 And when they had 
&sted and prayed, and laid their hands on them, they sent them 
away. 

1 Tim. 4: 14 Neglect not the gift that is in thee, which was 
given thee by prophecy, with the laying on of the hands of the 
presbytery. — 5: 22 Lay hands suddenly on no man, neither 
be partaker of other men's sins : keep thyself pure. 

2 Tim. 1: 6 Wherefore I put thee in remembrance, that 
thou stir up the gift of God, which is in thee by the putthig on 
of my hands. 

LEWDNESS. 

402. Lewdness a common vice. 

Jer. 9: 2 Oh that I had in the wilderness a lodging-place ot 
way-faring men ; that I might leave my people, and go £rom 
them I for they be all adulterers, an assembly of treacherous 
men. — 23: 10 The land is full of adulterers. 

Ezk. 22: 9 In thee are men that carry tales to shed blood 
and in thee they eat upon the mountains : in the midst of thee 
they commit lewdness. 11 And one hath committed abomina- 
tion with his neighbor's wife ; and another hath lewdly defiled 
his daughter-in-law; and another in thee hath humbled his sis- 
ter, his father's daughter. 

Mat. 12: 39 He answered and said to them, An evil and 
adulterous generation. 

Jn. 8: 7 When they continued asking him, he lifted up him- 
self, and said unto them. He that is without sin among you, let 
him first cast a stone at her. 9 And they which heard t^, being 
convicted by Uieir own conscience, went out one by one, begin- 
ning at the eldest, even unto the last. 
276 



LEWDNESS. 403, 404 



Deceitful — Forbidden. 



GraL 5: 19 The works of the flesh are manifest, which are 
these, Adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness. 

1 Pet. 4: 3 The time past of our life may suffice us to have 
wrought the will of the Gentiles, when we walked in lascivious- 
ness, lusts, excess of wine, revellings, banquetings, and abomi- 
nable adolatries: 4 Wherein they think it strange that ye run 
not with them to the same excess of riot, speaking evil of you. 
[Gen. 19: 5. Lev. 18: 22—25. 1 S. 2: 22. Hos. 7: 4.] 

403. Lewdness deceitful and alluring. 

Pr. 5: 3 The lips of a strange woman drop as a honey-comb, 
and her mouth i« smoother than oil. — 6: 23 The commandment 
ts a lamp; and the law is light; and reproofs of instruction are 
the way of Hfe : 24 To keep thee from the evil woman, from 
the flattery of the tongue of a strange woman. 25 Lust not 
after her beauty in thy heart ; neither let her take thee with 
her eyeUds. [Pr. 7: 10—18.] 

404. Lewdne^ forbidden. 

Ex. 20: 14 Thou shalt not commit adultery. 

Mat 5: 27 Ye have heard that it was said by them of old 
time. Thou shalt not commit adultery: 28 But I say unto 
you. That whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after her, 
hath committed adultery with her already in his heart. 

Ac 15: 20 We write unto them that they abstain from pol- 
lutions of idols, said from fornication, suidfrom things strangled, 
and from blood. 

Rom. 13: 13 Let us walk honestly, as in the day : not in 
rioting and drunkenness, not in chambering and wantonness, 
not in strife and envying. 

Ep. 5: 3 Fornication, and all uncleanness, or covetousness, 
let it not be once named among you, as becometh saints ; 4 
Neither filthiness, nor foolish talking, nor jesting, which are not 
convenient : but rather giving of thanks. 

Col. 3: 5 Mortify therefore your members which are upon 
the earth; fornication, uncleanness, inordinate affection, evil 
concupiscence, and covetousness, which is idolatry: 6 For 
which things' sake the wrath of God cometh on the children 
of disobedience. 

1 Tim. 1: 10 For whoremongers, for them that defile them- 
selves with mankind, for men-stealers, for liars, for perjured 
persons, and if there be any other thing that is contrary to 
sound doctrine. 

1 Pet 2: 11 Dearly beloved, I beseech t/ou, as strangers and 

pikcrinis, abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the souL 
^-^ 24 277 



405 LEWDNESS. 



PnniHhment of. 



[Gen. 39: 7—9. Lev. 18: 20—23, and 19: 29. Pr. 31: 3. 
Hab. 2: 15, 1 Th. 4: 3—5.] 

405. GuUt and condemnation of lewdness — cavtUms, 

Gen. 39: 9 How then can I do this great wickedness, and 
sin against God ? 

Lev. 20: 10 The man that committeth adultery with another 
man's wife, even he that committeth adultery with his neighbor's 
wife, the adulterer and the adulteress shall surely be put to 
death. 

Pr. 2: 18 Her house inclineth unto death, and her paths unto 
the dead. 1 9 None that go unto her return again, neither 
take they hold of the paths of life. — 5: 3 The lips of a strange 
woman drop as a honey-comb, and her mouth is smoother than 
oil : 4 But her end is bitter as wormwood, sharp as a two- 
edged sword. 8 Remove thy way far from her, and come not 
nigh the door of her house : 9 Lest thou give thine honor 
unto others, and thy years unto the cruel: 10 Lest strangers 
be filled with thy wealth ; and thy labors he in the house of a 
stranger; 11 And thou mourn at the last, when thy flesh 
and thy body are consumed. 1 2 And say. How have I hated 
instruction, and my heart despised reproof. — 7: 22 He goeth 
after her straightway as an ox goeth to the slaughter, or as a 
fool to the correction of the stocks ; 23 TiU a dart strike 
through his liver ; as a bird hasteth to the snare, and knoweth 
not that it is for his life. 24 Hearken finto me now therefore, 
O ye children, and attend to the words of my mouth. 25 
Let not thy heart decline to her ways, go not astray in her 
paths. 26 For she hath cast down many wounded: yea, many 
strong men have been slain by her. 27 Her house is the way 
to heU, going down to the chambers of death. 

Ec. 7: 26 I find more bitter thtm death the woman whose 
heart is snares and nets, and her hands as bands: whoso pleas- 
eth God shall escape from her; but the sinner shall be taken 
by her. 

Jer. 23: 14 I have seen also in the prophets of Jerusalem an 
horrible thing : they commit adultery, and walk in lies : they 
strengthen also the hands of evil-doers, that none doth return 
from his wickedness : they are all of them unto me as Sodom, 
and the inhabitants thereof as Gomorrah. 15 Therefore thus 
saith the Lord of hosts concerning the prophets ; Behold, I 
will feed them with wormwood, and make them drink the 
water of gall. 

Mai. 3: 5 I will come near to you to judgment : and I will 
be a swift witness against the sorcerers, and against the adnl- 
278 



LEWDNESS. 405 



Condemned and punished 



terers, and against false swearers, and against those that oppress 
the hireling in his wages, the widow, and the fatherless, and 
that turn aside the stranger from his riyht^ and fear not me, 
saith the Lord of hosts. 

1 Cor. 5: 11 Now I have written unto you not to keep com- 
pany, if any man that is called a brother be a fornicator, or 
covetous, or an idolater, or a railer, or a drunkard, or an extor- 
tioner : with such an one no not to eat. — 6: 9 Know ye not 
that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? 
Be not deceived ; neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adul- 
terers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind, 
10 Nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor 
extortioners, shall inherit the kingdom of God. — 10: 8 
Neither let us commit fornication, as some of them committed, 
and fell in one day three and twenty thousand. 

[See Numbers 25: 1—9.] 

Gal. 5: 19 The works of the flesh are manifest, which are 
ihesBy Adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness, 20 
Idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife, 
seditions, heresies, 21 Envyings, murders, di-unkenness, revel- 
lings, and such like : of the which I tell you before, as I have 
also told you in time past, that they which do such things shall 
not inherit the kingdom of God. 

Ep. 5: 5 This ye know, that no whoremonger, nor unclean 
person, nor covetous man, who is an idolater, hath any inherit- 
ance in the kingdom of Christ and of God. 6 Let no man 
deceive you with vain words : for because of these things com- 
eth the wrath of God upon the children of disobedience. 

Heb. 13: 4 Marriage «5 honorable in all, and the bed unde- 
filcd : but whoremongers and adulterers Gt)d will judge. 

Jude 7 As Sodom and Gomorrah, and the cities about them 
in like manner, giving themselves over to fornication, and going 
after strange flesh, are set forth for an example, suffering the 
vengeance of eternal fire. 

Rev. 21:8 The fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, 
and murderers, and whoremongers, and sorcerers, and idola- 
ters, and all liars, shall have their part in the lake which bum- 
eth with fire and brimstone: which is the second death. — 
22: 15 Without are dogs, and sorcerers, and whoremongers, 
and murderers, and idolaters, and whosoever loveth and mak- 
eth a lie. 

[Pr. 6: 26—34, and 9: 16—18, and 29: 3. Ec. 7: 25, 26. 
Jer. 5: 7—9. Hos. 4: 11. Rom. 1: 27.] 

279 



406 LIBERAXITT. 



Enjoined. 



LIBERALITY 
406. Liberality enjoined, 

Ec 11: 1 Cast thy bread upon the waters: for thou shalt 
find it after many days. 2 Give a portion to seven, and also 
to eight; for thou knowest not what evil shall be upon the 
earth. 

Mat. 10: 8 Freely ye have received, freely give. 

Lk. 3: 11 lie answereth and saith unto them, He that hath 
two coats, let him impart to him that hath none : and he that 
hath meat, let him do likewise. — 12: 33 Sell that ye have, 
and give alms : provide yourselves bags which wax not old, a 
treasure in the lieavens that faileth not, where no thief ap- 
proacheth, neither moth corrupteth. 34 For where your trea- 
sure is, there will your heart be also. — 16: 9 I say unto you, 
Make to yourselves friends of the mammon of unrighteousness, 
that when ye fail, they may receive you into everlasting habi- 
tations. 1 1 If therefore ye have not been faithful in the un- 
righteous mammon, who will commit to your trust the true 
riches 1 13 Ye cannot serve Grod and mammon. 14 And the 
Pharisees also, who were covetous, heard all these things, and 
they derided him. 

Ac. 20: 35 I have shewed you all things, how that so labor- 
ing ye ought to support the weak, and to remember the words 
of the Lord Jesus, how he said. It is more blessed to give than 
to receive. 

2 Cor. 8: 7 As ye abound in every thing^ in faith, and utter- 
ance, and knowledge, and in all diligence, and in your love to 
us, see that ye abound in this grace also. 

Gral. 6: 9 Let us not be weary in well-doing: for in due 
season we shall reap if we faint not. 10 Als we have therefore 
opportunity, let us do good unto all men, especially unto them 
who are of the household of faith. 

1 Tim. 6: 17 Charge them that are rich in this.jivorld, that 
they be not high-minded, nor trust in uncertain ridbes, but in 
the living God, who giveth us richly all things to enjoy ; 18 
That they do good, that they be rich in good works, ready to 
distribute, willing to communicate ; 19 Laying up in store for 
themselves a good foundation against the time to come, that 
they may lay hold on eternal life. 

Heb. 13: 16 To do good, and to communicate, forget not: 
for with such sacrifices Grod is well pleased. 

[See 412, 526.1 
280 



LIBERALITY. 407, 408 



Exemplified — Rewards of. 



407. Ubercdity exemplified. 

Ac 10: 4 He said unto him, [Cornelius] Thy prayers and 
thine alms are come up for a memorial before Grod. 
[See 355, 414, 661.] 

408. Rewards of liberality, and evils of couetousness. 

2 Ch. 31: 10 Azariah the chief priest of the house of Zadok 
answered him, and said. Since the people began to bring the 
offerings into the house of the Lord, we have had enough to 
eat, and have left plenty : for the Lord hath blessed his peo- 
ple; and that which is left is this great store. 

Ps. 37: 3 Trust in the Lord, and do good ; so shalt thoa 
dwell in the land, and verily thou shalt be fed. 25 I have 
been yoiing, and now am old ; yet I have not seen the righ- 
teous forsaken, nor his seed begging bread. 2Q He is ever 
merciful, and lendeth; and his seed is blessed. — 112: 5 A good 
man sheweth favor, and lendeth: he will guide his affairs with 
discretion. 6 Surely he shall not be moved for ever : the righ- 
teous shall be in everlasting remembrance. 

Pr. 3: 9 Honor the Lord with thy substance, and with the 
first-fruits of all thine increase: 10 So shall thy bams be 
filled with plenty, and thy presses shall burst out with new 
wine. — 11: 24 There is that scattereth, and yet increaseth; 
and there is that withholdeth more than is meet, but it tendeth 
to poverty. 25 The liberal soul shall be made fat: and he 
that watereth shall be watered also himself. 26 He that with- 
holdeth com, the people shall curse him : but blessing shaU he 
upon the head of him that selleth it, — 13: 7 There is that 
niaketh himself rich, yet hath nothing : there is that maketh 
himself poor, yet /mth great riches. 

Is. 32: 8 The liberal deviseth liberal things ; and by liberal 
things shall he stand. 

Mai. 3: 9 Ye are cursed with a curse : for ye have robbed 
me, even this whole nation. 10 Bring ye all the tithes into 
the storehouse, that there may be meat in mine house, and 
prove me now herewith, saith the Lord of hosts, if I will not 
open you the windows of heaven, and pour you out a blessing, 
that there shall not he room enough to receive it, 11 And I will 
rebuke the devourer for your sakes, and he shall not destroy 
the fruits of your ground; neither shall your vine cast her 
fruit before the time in the field, saith the Lord of hosts. 12 
And all nations shall caU you blessed. 

Lk. 6: 38 Give, and it shall be given unto you ; good meas- 
ure, pressed down, and shaken together, and running over, 

24* 281 



409 — 412 LOVB TO GOD — LOVB TO MAN. 

Our primary duty — why enjoined — Love to man an essential duly. 

shall men give into your bosom. For with the same measure 
that ye mete withal, it shall be measured to you again. 

Ac. 20: 35 I have shewed you all things, how tiat so labor- 
ing ye ought to support the weak, and to remember the words 
of the Lord Jesus, how he said. It is more blessed to give than 
to receive. 

2 Cor. 9: 6 This / say, He which soweth sparingly, shall 
reap also sparingly ; and he which soweth bounti^lly, shall 
reap also bountiiully. 7 Every man according as he pur- 
poseth in his heart, so let him give ; not grudgingly, or of ne- 
cessity : for Grod loveth a cheerful giver. 8 And God is able 
to make all grace abound toward you ; that ye, always having 
all sufficiency in all things, may abound to every good work. 

[See 415, 527, 630, 674.] 



LOVE TO GOD. 

409. Love to God our primary duty. 

Mat 22: 37 Jesus said unto him, Thou shalt love the Lobd 
thy Grod with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all 
thy mind. 38 This is the first and great commandment. 

[See 288.] 

410. Why should we hve God f 

Ps. 99: 9 Exalt the Lord our Grod, and worship at his holy 
hill; for the Lord our God is holy. — 107: 8 Oh that men 
would praise the Lord for his goodness, and for his wonderful 
works to the children of men I 145: 3 Great is the Lord, 
and greatly to be praised ; and his greatness is unsearchable. 
148: 13 Let th^fm praise the name of the Lord: for his name 
alone is excellent ; his glory is above the earth and heaven. 

411. Spurious hue to God. 

Ps. 106: 12 They sang his praise. 13 They soon forgat his 
works. 

Ezk. 33: 31 With their mouth they shew much love, hu 
their heart goeth after their covetousness. 

[See 191, 194, 609, 623, 689, 702.] 

LOVE TO MAN. 

412. Love to man an essential duty. 

Bom. 13: 8 Owe no man anything, but to love one another: 
for he that loveth another hath fuMled the law. 9 For this^ 
282 



LOTB BI8INTBRESTED. 413 

Required as iodispeiuable. 

Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not kill, Tfaoa 
shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, Thou shalt 
not covet ; and if there he any other commandment, it is brieflj 
comprehended in this saying, namely. Thou shalt love thy 
neighbor as thyself. 10 Love worketh no ill to his neighbor : 
therefore love is the fulfilling of the law. 

1 Cor. 13: 13 Now abideth faith, hope, charity, these three; 
bnt the greatest of these is charity. — 16: 14 Let all your 
things be done with charity. 

(^d. 5: 13 Brethren, ye have been called unto liberty ; only 
UM not liberty for an occasion to the flesh, but by love serve 
one another^ 22 The fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, 
long-Bufiering, gentleness, goodness, ^th, 23 Meekness, tem- 
perance. 

CoL 3: 14 Above all these things put on charity, which is 
the bond of perfectness. 

1 Th. 3: 12 The Lord make you to increase and abound in 
love one toward another, and toward all meriy even as we c29 
toward you. 

1 Pet. 4: 8 Above all things have fervent charity amcmg 
yourselves : for charity shall cover the multitude of sins. 

[See 406, 629, 685, 715.] 



LOVE DISINTERESTED. 

413. Disinterest love required as indispensal^e. 

Mat 5: 43 Ye have heard that it hath been said, Thou shalt 
love thy neighbor, and hate thine enemy : 44 But I say unto 
you. Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to 
them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use 
you, and persecute you ; 45 That ye may be the cliildren of 
your Father which is in heaven : for he maketh his sun to rise 
on the evil and on the good, and sendeth rain on the just and 
on the unjust. — 6: 33 Seek ye first the kingdom of God, and 
his righteousness, and all these things shall be added unto you. 
— 7: 12 All things whatsoever ye would that men should do 
to you, do ye even so to them : for this is the law and the 
prophets. — 22: 39 The second is like unto it. Thou shalt love 
thy neighbor as thyself. 

Lk. 6: 35 Love ye your enemies, and do good, and lend, 
hoping for nothing again. 

Bom. 8: 9 Ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be 
that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now, if any man have 
not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his. — 15: 1 We then 

283 



414 LOYE DISINTERESTED. 

Exemplified. 

that are strong ought to bear the infirmities of the weak, and 
not to please ourselves. 2 Let every one of us please his 
neighbor for his good to edification. 3 For even Christ pleased 
not himself; but, as it is written, The reproaches of them that 
reproached thee fell on me. 

1 Cor. 10: 24 Let no man seek his own, but every man 
another*s wealth, 33 Even as I please all meii in all things, 
not seeking mine own ])rofit, but the profit of many, that they 
may be saved. — 13:4 Charity suffereth long, and is kind; 
charity envieth not ; charity vaunteth not itself, is not puffed 
up, 5 Doth not behave itself unseemly, seeketh not her own, 
is not easily provoked, thinketh no evil ; G Rejoiceth not in 
iniquity, but rejoiceth in the truth ; 7 Beareth all things, be- 
lieveth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things. 

2 Cor. 5: 15 He died for all, that they which live should 
not henceforth live unto themselves, but unto him which died 
for them, and rose again. 

Gal. o: 14 All the law is fulfilled in one word, even in this, 
Thou shalt love thy neighbor as tliyself. 

Ph. 2: 3 Let nothing be done through strife or vain-glory ; 
but in lowliness of mind let each esteem other better than 
themselves. 4 Look not every man on his own things, but 
every man also on the things of others. 

Jam. 2: 8 If ye fulfil the royal law according to the scrip- 
ture. Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself, ye do weU : 9 
But if ye have respect to persons, ye commit sin, and are con- 
vinced of the law as transgressors. 

1 Jn. 3: 16 Hereby perceive we the love of God, because he 
laid down his life for us : and we ought to lay down our lives 
for the brethren. 

[See 111, 137-8, 283, 299, 356, 674, 689.] 

414. Examples of disinterested love. 

Ex. 32: 31 Moses returned unto the Lord, and said, Oh, 
this people have sinned a great sin, and have made them gods 
of gold. 32 Yet now, if thou wilt forgive their sin : and if 
not, blot me, I pray thee, out of thy book which thou hast 
written.. 33 And the Lord said unto Moses, Whosoever hath 
sinned against me, him will I blot out of my book. 

1 S. 24: 16 Saul hfted up his voice, and wept. 17 And he 
said to David, Thou art more righteous than I : for thou hast 
rewarded me good, whereas I have rewarded thee evil. 18 
And thou hast shewed this day how that thou hast dealt well 
with me ; forasmuch as when the Lord had delivered me into 
thine hand, thou killedst me not. 
284 



LOVE DISUVTEBBSTED. 414 

Exemplified. 

Job 1: 9 Then Satan answered the Lobd and said, Doth 
Job fear God for nought ? 21 The Lord gave, and the Lobd 
hath taken awaj; blessed be the name of the Lord. — 13: 15 
Though he slay me, yet will I trust in him : but I will maia- 
tain mine own ways before him. — 29: 12 I delivered the poor 
that cried, and the fatherless, and him that had none to help 
him. 13 The blessing of him that was ready to perish came 
upon me ; and I caused the widow's heart to sing for joy. 

Dan. 3: 16*Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego, answered 
and said to the king, O Nebuchadnezzar, we are not careful to 
answer thee in this matter. 17 If it be so, our God whom we 
serve is able to deliver us from the burning fieiy furnace, and 
he will deliver us out of thine hand, O king. 18 But if not, 
be it known unto thee, O king, that we will not serve thy 
gods, nor worship the golden image which thou hast set up.— 
6: 10 Now when Daniel knew that the writing was signed, he 
went into his house; and his windows being open in his 
chamber toward Jiirusalem, he kneeled upon his knees three 
times a day, and prayed, and gave thanks before his Grod, as 
he did aforetime. 

Lk. 10: 33 A certain Samaritan, as he journeyed, came 
where he was : and when he saw him, he had compassion on 
him, 34 And went to him, and bound up his wounds, pouring 
in oil and wine, and set him on his own beast, and brought him 
to an inn, and took care of him. 

Ac 2: 44 All that believed were together, and had all things 
common ; 45 And sold their possessions and goods, and part- 
ed them to all men, as every man had need. — 4: 32 The mul- 
titude of them that behoved were of one heart, and of one 
soul : neither said any of them that aught of the things which 
he possessed was his own ; but they had all things common. 
34 Neither was there any among them that lacked: for as 
many as were possessors of lands or houses sold them, and 
brought the prices of the tkings that were sold, 35 And laid 
them down at the apostles' feet : and distribution was made unto 
every man according as he had need. 

Rom. 9: 1 I say the truth in Christ, I lie not, my conscience 
also bearing me witness in the Holy Ghost, 2 That I have 
great heaviness and continual sorrow in my heart 3 For I 
could wish that myself were accursed from Christ, for my 
brethren, my kinsmen according to the flesh. 

2 Cor. 8: 9 Ye know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christy 
that though he was rich, yet for your sakes he became poor, 
that ye through his poverty might be rich. — 12: 14 Behold, 

285 



415, 416 LOVE DISINTERESTED — LYING. 

Reward of Lore — Lying preyalcnt. 



the third time I am ready to come to you ; and I will not be 
burdensome to you : for I seek not yours, but you. 

Heb. 1 1: 24: By faith Moses, when he was come to years, 
refused to be called the son of Pharaoh's daughter ; 25 Choos- 
ing rather to suffer affliction with the people of God, than to 
enjoy the pleasures of sin for a season ; 26 Esteeming the 
reproach of Christ greater riches than the treasures in Egypt. 

[See 56, 299, 356, 407, 674] 

415. Disinterested loce. rewarded. 

Mk. 10: 28 Then Peter began to say unto him, Lo, we have 
left all, and liave follewed thee. 29 And Jesus answered and 
said, AY'rily, I say unto you. There is no man that hath left 
house, or brethren, or sistei's, or father, or mother, or wife, or 
children, or lands, for my sake, and the gospeFs, 30 But he 
shall receive an hundred-fold now in this time, houses, and 
brethren, and sisters, and mothei*s, and childi-en, and lands, 
with pei*secutions ; and in the world to come, eternal life. 

[See 408, 527, 630.] 

LYING. 

416. Lying a prevalent sin. 

Is. 59: 3 Your hands are defiled with blood, and your fingers 
with iniquity ; your lips have spoken lies, your tongue hath 
muttered perverseness. 4 None calleth for justice, nor any 
pleadeth for truth : they trust in vjuiity, and si)eak lies ; they 
conceive mischie . and bring forth iniquity. 13 In transgress- 
ing and lying against the Lord, and departing away from our 
God, speaking oppression and revolt, conceiving and uttering 
from the heart words of falsehood. 14 And judgment is 
turned away backward, and justice standeth afar off: for truth 
is fallen in the street, and equity cannot enter. 

Jer. 9: 2 Oh that I had in tlie wilderness a lodging-place of 
way-faring men ; that I might leave my people, and go from 
them ! for they be all adulterers, an assembly of treacherous 
men. 3 And they bend their tongues like their bow for lies : 
but they are not valiant for the truth upon the earth ; for they 
proceed from evil to evil, and they know not me, saith the Lord. 
4 Take ye heed every one of his neighbor, and trust ye not in 
any brother : for every brother will utterly supplant, and every 
neighbor will walk with slanders. 5 Jind they will deceive 
every one his neighbor, and will not speak the truth : they 
have taught their tongue to speak lies, and weary themselves 
to commit iniquity. 6 Thine habitation is in the midst of de- 
286 



LYING. 417, 418 

Forbidden — DiiipleaEiDg to God. 

ceit ; through deceit they refuse to know me, saith the Lobd. 
8 Their tongue is as an arrow shot out ; it speaketh deceit : 
one speaketh peaceably to his neighbor with his mouth, but in 
heart he layeth his wait. 

Hos. 4: 1 Hear the word of the Lord, ye children of Israel: 
for the Lord hath a controversy with the inhabitants of the 
land, because there is no truth, nor mercy, nor knowledge of 
God in the land. 2 By swearing, and lying, and killing, and 
stealing, and committing adultery, they break out, and blood 
toucheth blood. 

Mic 6: 12 The rich men thereof are full of violence, and the 
inhabitants thereof have spoken lies, and their tongue is de- 
ceitful in their mouth. 

Jn. 8: 44 Ye are of i/otir father the devil, and the lusts of 
your father ye will do : he was a murderer from the beginning, 
and abode not in the truth ; because there is no truth in him. 
When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own : for he is a 
liar, and the father of it. [See 702.] 

417. Lining forbidden. 

Ex. 20: 16 Thou shalt not beai* false witness against thy 
neighbor. 

Lev. 19: 11 Ye shall not steal, neither deal falsely, neither 
lie one to another. 12 And ye shall not swear by my name 
falsely, neither shalt thou profane the name of thy Grod : I am 
the Lord. 

Ps. 34: 13 Keep thy tongue from evil, and thy lips from 
speaking guile. 

Pr. 4: 24 Put away from thee a froward mouth, and perverse 
lips put far from thee. 

Ep. 4: 25 Putting away lying, speak every man truth with 
his neighbor : for we are members one of another. 

Col. 3: 9 Lie not one to another, seeing that ye have put off 
the old man with his deeds. 

1 Pet. 3: 10 He that will love life, and see good days, let 
him refrain his tongue from evil, and his lips that they speak 
no guile. [See 729, 730.] 

418. Lying disphashvj to God. 

Ps. 5: 6 Thou shalt destroy them that speak leasing : the 
Lord will abhor the bloody and deceitful man — 59: 12 F(yr 
the sin of their mouth and the words of their Hps let them 
even be taken in their pride : and for cursing and lying which 
they speak. 13 Consume them in wrath, consume themy that 
they may not he : and let them know that Grod ruleth in Jacob 

287 



419 ICAN. 

His Origin, Powers, and Dignity. 

unto the ends of the earth. — 63: 11 The king shall rejoice in 
God ; every one that sweareth hj him shall glory : but the 
mouth of them that speak lies shall be stopped. 

Pr. 6: 16 These six things doth the Lord hate; yea, seven 
€en an abomination unto him: 17 A proud look, a lying 
ton^e, and hands that shed innocent blood, 18 A heart that 
denseth wicked imaginations, feet that be swifl in running to 
mischief, 19 A false witness that speaketh lies, and him that 
soweth discord among brethren. — 10: 18 He that hideth hatred 
with lying hps, and he that uttereth a slander, is a fooL — 
12: 19 The hp of truth shall be established for ever : but a 
lying tongue is but for a moment. 22 Lying lips are abomi- 
nation to the Lord : but they that deal truly are his delight. — 
19: 9 A false witness shall not be unpunished, and he that 
speaketh lies shall perish. 

Is. 28: 17 Judgment also will I lay to the line, and right- 
eousness to the plummet: and the hail shall sweep away 
the refuge of lies, and the waters shall overflow the hiding- 
place. 

Ac. 5: 3 Peter said, Ananias, why hath Satan filled thine 
heart to lie to the Holy Ghost, and to keep back part of the 
price of the land ? 4 While it remained, was it not thine own ? 
and after it was sold, was it not in thine own power ? why hast 
thou conceived this thing in thine heart ? thou hast not lied 
unto men, but unto God. 5 And Ananias hearing these words, 
fell down, and gave up the ghost. And great fear came on aU 
them that heard these things. 

Rev. 21: 8 The fearful, and unbelieving, and the abomina- 
ble, and murderers, and whoremongers, and sorcerers, and 
idolaters, and all liars, shall have their part in the lake which 
bumeth with fire and brimstone : which is the second death. — 
22: 15 Without are dogs, and sorcerers, and whoremongers, 
and murderers, and idolaters, and whosoever loveth and 
maketh a lie. [Ps. 62: 3, 4. Pr. 21: 6. Zee. 8: 16, 17.] 

[See 230.] 



MAN. 
419. Man's gymmon origin and dicjnity. 

Gen. 1: 27 God created man in his own image, in the 
image of God created he him ; male and female created he 
them. 28 And God blessed them, and Grod said unto them, 
Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue 
it : and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and orer the 
288 



MAN. 420 — 422 

-i -^ - 

Ilia Powers, and Immortality. 

fowl k£ the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon 
the earth. 

Ps. 8: 3 When I consider thy heavens, the work of thy 
fingers ; the moon and the stars, which thou hast ordained ; 4 
What is man, that thou art mindful of him ? and the son of 
man, that thou visitest him ? 5 For * thou hast made him a 
little lower than the angels, and hast crowned him with glory 
and honor. 6 Thou madest him to have dominion over the 
works of thy hands ; thou hast put all things under his feet. 

Mai. 2: 10 Have we not all one father ? hath not one God 
created us ? why do we deal treacherously every man against 
his brother, by profaning the covenant of our fathers ? 

Ac 17: 26 And hath made of one blood all nations of men 
for to dwell on all the face of the earth, and hath determined 
the times before appointed, and the bounds of their habitation. 
28 For in him we five, and move, and have our being ; as cer- 
tain also of your own poets have said, For we are also his 
offspring. 

420. MarCs power of intuition, or perception of self-evident truths. 

Job 32: 8 TTiere is a spirit in man : and the inspiration of the 
Almighty giveth them understanding. 

Lk. 12: 57 Why even of yourselves judge ye not what is 
right ? [See 206.] 

421. Man^s power of reason, and capaxntij for knowledge, hoiiness, cmd 
progress. 

Pr. 18: 1 Through desire, a man, having separated him sel fy 
seeketh and intermeddleth with all wisdom. 

Ezk. 12: 2 Son of man, thou dwellest in the midst of a 
rebellious house, which have eyes to see, and see not ; they have 
ears to hear, and hear not: for they are a rebellious house. 
[Jer. 5: 21.] 

2 Cor. 8: 12 For if there be first a willing mind, it is ac- 
cepted according to that a man hath and not according to that 
he hath not. 

Heb. 5: 14 Strong meat belongeth to them that are of ftill 
age, even those who by reason of use have their senses exer- 
cised to discern both good and evil. — 6: 1 Leaving the^ prin- 
Hples of the doctrine of Christ, let us go on unto perfection. 

[See 667.] 

422. Man's immortality. 

Jn. 10: 27 My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and 
they foUow me: 28 And I give unto them eternal life; md 

25 289 



428) 424 MARRIAGE. 



Institated and PBOommended — MatrimoniBl instruettoos. 

Hhej shall never perish, neither shall any pluck them out of 
my hand. 

Bom. 2: 6 Who wiH render to every man according to his 
deeds : 7 To them who hy patient continuance in well-doing, 
Beek for glory, and honor, and immortality ; eternal life. 

2 Tim. 1: 10 But is now made mani^t hy the appearing 
of our Saviour Jesus Christ, who hath abolished death, and 
hath brought life and immortality to light through the gospeL 

[See 152, 617.] 



MARRIAGE. 

423. Marriage instituted and recommended. 

Gen. 2: 18 The Lord Grod said, It is not good that the 
man should be alone : I will make him an help meet for him. 
21 And the Lord God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam, 
and he slept ; and he took one of his ribs, and closed up the 
flesh instead thereof: 22 And the rib, which the Lord God 
had taken from man, made he a woman, and brought her tmto 
the man. 

Pr. 18: 22 Whoso findeth a wife, findeth a good ihing^ and 
obtaineth favor of the Lord. 

Ep. 5: 31 For this cause shall a man leave his father and 
mother, and shall be joined unto his wife, and they two shall 
be one flesh. 

1 Tim. 3: 2 A bishop then must be blameless, the husband 
of one wife, vigilant, sober, of good behavior, given to hospi- 
tality, apt to teach. — 4: 1 The Spirit speaketh expressly, that 
in the latter times some shall depart from the faith, giving heed 
to seducing spirits, and doctrines of devils ; 2 Speaking lies 
in hypocrisy, having their conscience seared with a hot 
iron ; 3 Forbidding to marry, and commanding to abstain 
from meats, which God hath created to be received with 
thanksgiving of them which believe and know the truth. — 
5: 14 I will therefore that the younger women marry, bear 
children, guide the house, give none occasion to the adversary 
to speak reproachfully. 15 For some are already turned aside 
afber Satan. 

Heb. 13: 4 Marriage is honorable in all, a;gLd the bed unde- 
filed : but whoremongers and adulterers God will judge. [Ps. 
68: 6 : and 107: 41, 42. 1 Cor. 7: 2.] 

424. Matrimonial instructions and warnings. 

Oen. 6: 2 The sons of God saw the daughters of men that 
290 ^ 



KABBIAGB. 425, 489 



Duties of husbands and wires — Polygamy. 



they ioere fair ; and they took them wives of all which they 
chose. 

Dt. 7: 3 Neither shalt thou make marriages with them : thy 
daughter thou shalt not give unto his son, nor his daughter 
shalt thou take unto thy son. 4 For they will turn away thy 
son from following me, that they may sei've other gods : so will 
the anger of the Lord be kindled against you, and destroy 
thee suddenly. 

Am. 3: 3 Can two walk together, except they be agreed ? 

1 Cor. 7: 39 The wife is bound by the law as long as her 
husband liveth ; but if her husband be dead, she is at liberty 
to be married to whom she will ; only in the Lord. 

2 Cor. 6: 14 Be ye not unequally yoked together with 
unbelievers : for what fellowship hath righteousness with un- 
righteousness ? and what communion hath light with dark- 
ness? 

425. Mutual duties of husbands and wives. 

Ep. 5: 21 Submitting yourselves one to another in the fear 
of God. 22 Wives, submit yourselves unto your own hus- 
bands, as unto the Lord. 23 For the husband is the head of 
the wife, even as Christ is the head of the church : and he is 
the Saviour of the body. 24 Therefore as the church is 
subject unto Christ, so let the wives be to their own husbands 
in every thing. 25 Husbands, love your wives, even as Christ 
also loved the church, and gave himself for it; 28 So ought 
men to love their wives, as their own bodies. He that loveth 
his wife loveth himself. 33 Neverthelesss, let every one of 
you in particular so love his wife even as himself: and the 
wife see- that she reverence her husband. 

Tit. 2: 4 That they may teach the young women to be 
sober, to love their husbands, to love their children, 5 2b he 
discreet, chaste, keepers at home, good, obedient to their own 
husbands, that the word of God be not blasphemed. 

[See 197.] 

426. Polygamy forbidden — its tendency. 

Dt. 17: 15 Thou shalt in any wise set him king over thee 
whom the Lord thy God shall choose: 17 Neither shall he 
multiply wives to himself, that his heart turn not away : neither 
shall he greatly multiply to himself silver and gold. 

1 K. 11: 1 King Solomon loved many strange women. 8 
And he had seven hundred wives, princesses, and three hun- 
dred concubines : and his wives turned away his heart. 

Mai. 2x 15 Did not he make one? Yet had he the residue 

291 



4i7 HAHBIAGE. 



DiTorcc. 



of the Spirit. And wherefore one ? That he might seek a 
godly seed. Therefore take heed to your spirit, and let none 
deal treacherously against the wife of his youth. 

Mat. 19: 9 I say unto you, Whosoever shall put away his 
wife, except it he for fornication, and shall marry another, com- 
mitteth adulteiy : and whoso raarrieth her which is put away, 
doth commit adultery. 

ISIk. 10: 11 He saith unto them, Whosoever shall put away 
his wife, and marry another, committeth adultery against her. 
12 And if a woman shall put away her husband, and be mar- 
ried to another, she committeth adultery. 

1 Tim. 3: 2 A bishop then must be blameless, the husband 
of one wife. 12 Let the deacons be the husbands of one 
wife, ruling their children and their own houses well. 

427. Divorce discountcnanccch 

Gen. 2: 23 Adam said, This is now bone of my bones, and 
flesh of my flesh : she shall be called Woman, because she was 
taken out of man. 24 Therefore shall a man leave his father 
and liis mother, and shall cleave unto his wife : and they shall 
be one flesh. 

Mai. 2: 15 Did not he make one ? Yet had he the residue 
of the Spirit. And wherefore one? That he might seek a 
godly seed. Therefore take heed to your spirit, and let none 
deal treacherously against the wife of his youth. 16 For the 
Lord, the God of Israel, saith, that he hateth putting away : 
for one covereth violence with his garment, saith the Lord of 
hosts: therefore take heed to your spirit, that ye deal not 
treacherously. 

Mat. 19: 4 He answered and said unto them, Have ye not 
read, that he wliich made them at the beginning, made them 
male and female, 5 And said. For this cause shall a man leave 
father and mother, and shall cleave to his wife : and they twain 
shall be one flesh ? 6 Wherefore they are no more twain, but 
one flesh. What therefore God hath joined together, let not 
man put asunder. 8 He saith unto them, Moses, because of 
the hardness of your hearts, suffered you to put away your 
wives : but from the beginning it was not so. 9 And I say 
unto, Whosoever shall put away his wife, except it he for for- 
nication, and shall marry another, committeth adultery : and 
whoso marrieth her which is put away, doth commit adultery. 
[Mk. 10: 2—12.] 

Lk. 16: 18 Whosoever putteth away his wife, and marrieth 
another, committeth adultery ; and whosoever marrieth her 
that is put away from her husband, committeth adultery. 
292 



MEANS OP GRAGB. 428, 429 



Appointed — Use of required. 



Bom. 7: 2 The woman which hath an husband, is bound by 
the law to her husband so long as he liveth ; but if the hus- 
band be dead, she is loosed from the law of her husband. 8 
So then, if while her husband liveth, she be married to another 
man, she shall be called an adulteress : but if her husband be 
dead, she is free &om that law ; so that she is no adulteress, 
though siie be married to another man. 

1 Cor. 7: 10 Unto the married I command, yet not ly 
but the Lord, Let not the wife depart from her husband: 
1 1 But and if she depart, let her remain unmarried, or be reo- 
ondled to her husband : and let not the husband put away hit 
wife- 



MEANS OF GRACE. 

428. Means and instruments of grace appointed. 

Pr. 6: 28 The commandment is a lamp, and the law is light ; 
and reproofs of instruction are the way of life. 

Ec. 11: 6 Li the morning sow thy seed, and in the eveniqg 
withhold not thine hand : for thou knowest not whether shafl 
prosper, either this or that, or whether they both shaU he alike 
good. 

Mat. 20: 1 The kingdom of heaven is like unto a man thai%9 
dm householder, which went out early in the morning to hire 
laborers into his vineyard. 

Mk. 4: 14 The sower soweth the word. 

Lk. 10: 2 Therefore said he unto them, The harvest truly if 
great, but the laborers are few ; pray ye therefore the Lord 
of the harvest, that he would send forth laborers into his 
harvest. 

Jn. 4: 35 Say not ye. There are yet four months, and then 
Gometh harvest ? behold, I say unto you, Lift up your eyes, 
and look on the fields ; for they are white already to harvest. 
36 And he that reapeth receiveth wages, and gathereth fruit 
unto life eternal : that both he that soweth, and he that reapeth, 
may rejoice together. 

1 Cor. 3: 8 He that planteth and he that watereth are one : 
and every man shall receive his own reward, according to his 
own labor. 9 For we are laborers together with GUkL 

[See 47.] 

429. Use of means required as indispensable. 

Ezk.-33: 8 When I say unto the wicked, O wicked man^ 
thou shalt surely die ; if thou dost not speak to warn the wicked 

25* 298 



430,431 XEAKS OF OBACB. 



Preaching the priDcipal — Uee of encouraged. 



from his way, that wicked man shall die in his iniquity ; but 
his blood wUl I require at thy hand. — 36: 37 Thus saith the 
Lord God ; I wiU yet for tins be inquired of by the house of 
Israel, to do it for them ; I will increase them with men like a 
flock. 

Ac. 27: 31 Paul said to the centurion, and to the soldiers, 
Except these abide in the ship, ye cannot be saved. 

Rom. 10: 14 How then shall they call on him in whom they 
have not believed ? and how shall they believe in him of whom 
they have not heard ? and how shall they hear without a 
preacher? 15 And how sliall ihey preach, except they be 
sent ? 17 So then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the 
word of God. [See 257.] 

430. Preaching^ the princ'qxd means of grace. 

1 Cor. 1: 17 Christ sent me not to baptize, but to preach the 
gospel : not with wisdom of words, lest the cross of Christ 
should be made of none effect. 18 The preaching of the cross 
is to them that perish, foolishness; but unto us which are 
saved, it is the power of God. 21 After that in the wisdom 
of Grod the world by wisdom knew not God, it pleased Grod by 
the foolishness of preaching to save them that believe. 

Ep. 4: 11 He gave some, apostles ; and some, prophets; and 
some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers: 12 For 
the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for 
the edifying of the body of Christ: 13 Till we all come in the 
unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of GJod 
unto a perfect man, unto the measure of the stature of the ftil- 
ness of Christ. 

2 Tim. 4: 1 I charge thee therefore before Grod, and the 
Lord Jesus Christ, who shall judge the quick and the dead at 
his appearing and his kingdom ; 2 Preach the word ; be in- 
stant in season, out of season ; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all 
long-suffering and doctrine. 3 For the time will come, when 
they will not endure sound doctrine ; but after their own lusts 
shall they heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears ; 4 
And they shall turn away their ears from the truth, and shall be 
turned unto fables. 5 But watch thou in all things, endure 
auctions, do the work of an evangelist, make full proof of thy 
ministry. [See 458.] 

431. IJ&e of means encouraged hij protnises and jrredictions. 

Ps. 126: 5 They that sow in tears shall reap in joy. 6 He 
that goeth forth and weepeth, bearing precious seed, shall 
294 



MEANS OF GBACB. 462,498 



Successfully used — Superiority of the true. 



doubtless come again with rejoicing, bringing his sheayes 
with him* 

Pr. 11: 18 The wicked worketha deceitful work: but to him 
that soweth righteousness shcdl he a sure reward. 30 The 
fruit of the righteous is a tree of life ; and he that winneth 
souls is wise. 

Is. 6G: 8 Who hath heard such a thing ? who hath seen such 
things ? shall the earth be made to bring forth in one day ? or 
shall a natiombe bom at once ? for as soon as Zion travailed^ 
she brought forth her children. • 

Dan. 12: 3 They that be wise, shall shine as the brightness 
of the firmament ; and they that turn many to righteousness, 
as the stars for ever and ever. 

Mk. 1: 17 Jesus said unto them. Come ye after me, and 1 
wiU make you to become fishers of men. 

Lk. 1: 16 Many of the children of Israel shall he [John] 
turn to the Lord their God. 

Jn. 17: 20 Neither pray I for these alone ; but for them also 
which shall believe on me through their word. 

Jam. 5: 20 Let him know, that he which converteth the sin- 
ner from the error of his way shall save a soul from death, and 
shall hide a multitude of sins. [See 1, 258, 545.] 

432. Means, successfidly used. 

Ac. 14: 1 It came to pass in Iconium, that they [Paul and 
Barnabas] went both together into the synagogue oi the Jews, 
and so spake that a great multitude, both of the Jews, and also 
of the Greeks believed. 

Gal. 4: 19 My little children, of whom I travail in birth 
again, until Christ be formed in you. 

1 Cor. 4: 15 Though ye have ten thousand instructors in 
Christ, yet have ye not many fathers : for in Christ Jesus I liave 
begotten you through the gospel. 

Philemon 10 I beseech thee for my son Onesimus, whom I 
have begotten in my bonds. [See 468, 545.] 

433. Superiority of the true means of grace. 

Jer. 23 28 The prophet that hath a dream, let him tell a 
dream ; and he that hath my word, let him speak my word 
faithfully. What is the chaff* to the wheat ? saith the Lord. 
29 is not my word like as a fire ? saith the Lord ; and like a 
hammer that breaketh the rock in pieces ? 

Lk. 16: 31 He said unto him, If they hear not Moses and 
the prophets, neither will they be persuaded, though one rose 
from the dead. 

295 



484, 435 MEAK8 OF GRAOB. 



Depend upon divine power — IMfferent effects. 



2 Cor. 10: 4 (The weapons of our warfare are not carnal, but 
mighty through God to the pulling down of strong holds.) 5 
Casting down imaginations, and every high thing that exalteth 
itself against the fcaowledge of Gk)d, and bringing into captivity 
every thought to the obedience of Christ. 

Heb. 4: 12 The word of God is quick, and powerful, and 
sharper than any two-edged sword^ piercing even to the 
dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and 
marrow, and is a discemer of the thoughts and Intents of the 
heart. [See 47.] 

434. Use of means made effectual bi/ divine potoer. 

Ps. 51: 12 Restore unto me the joy of thy salvation; and 
uphold me vnth thy free Spirit. 13 TTien will I teach trans- 
gressors thy ways ; and sinners shall be converted unto thee. 

Zee 4: 6 He answered and spake unto me, saying. This is 
the word of the Lord unto Zerubbabel, saying, Not by might, 
nor by power, but by my Spirit, saith the Lord of hosts. 

2 Tim. 2: 25 Li meekness instructing those that oppose 
themselves ; if God peradventure will give them repentance to 
the acknowledging of the truth. [See 594 — 6.] 

435. T/ie m£ans of grace have different and sometimes destructive effects. 

Is. 6: 9 He said. Go, and tell this people. Hear ye indeed, 
but understand not; and see ye indeed, but perceive not. 10 
Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, 
and shut their eyes ; lest they see with their eyes, and hear 
with their ears, and understand with their heart, and convert, 
and be healed. 11 Then said I, Lord, how long? And he 
answered, Until the cities be wasted without inhabitant, and 
the houses without man, and the land be utterly desolate; 12 
And the Lord have removed men far away, and ^ere be a 
great forsaking in the midst of the land. — 28: 13 The word 
of the Lord was unto them, precept upon precept, precept 
upon precept : line upon line, line upon line ; here a little, and 
there a little ; that they might go, and fall backward, and be 
broken, and snared, and taken. 

Jer. 5: 14 Wherefore thus saith the Lord God of hosts. 
Because ye speak this word, behold, I will make my words in 
thy mouth fire, and this people wood, and it shall devour them. 

Mk. 4: 3 Hearken ; Behold, there went out a sower to sow. 
4 And it came to pass as he sowed, some fell by the way-side, 
and the fowls of the air came and devoured it up. 6 And 
some fell on stony ground, where it had not much earth ; and 
immediately it sprang up, because it had no depth of earth : 
296 



MEANS OF 6BACE — HEEKNEaB. 4369 437 



Disconraj^n^ coms — Meekness required. 



6 But when the sun was up, it was scorched ; and because it 
had no root, it withered away. 7 And some fell among thorns, 
and the thorns grew up, and choked it, and it yielded no fruit. 
8 And other fell on good ground, and did yield fruit tliat sprang 
up, and increased, and brought forth, some thirty, and some 
sixty, and some an hundred. 

2 Cor. 2: 15 We are unto God a sweet savor of Christ, in 
them that are saved, and in them that perish: IG To the one 
fre are the savor of death unto death ; and to the other the savor 
of life unto life, ^nd who is sufficient for these things ? 

Ileb. 4: 2 Unto us was the gospel preached, as well as unto 
them : but the word preached did not profit them, not being 
mixed with faith in them that heard it. [Mic. 2: 7.1 

[See 242.] 

436. Cases of discourayemeiit in using means. 

Pr. 9: 7 He that reproveth a scomer getteth to himself 
shame : and he that rebuketh a wicked maii, getteth himself a 
blot. 8 Reprove not a scomer, lest he hate thee : rebuke a 
wise man, and he vnW. love thee — 13: 1 A wise son heareth his 
father's instruction : but a scorner heareth not rebuke. — 14: 7 
Go from the presence of a foolish man, when thou perceivest 
not in him the lips of knowledge. — 23: 9 Speak not in the ears 
of a fool : for he will despise tlie wisdom of thy words. 

]Mat. 7: G Give not that which is holy unto the dogs, neither 
cast ye your pearls before swine, lest they trample them under 
their feet, and turn again and rend you. 

1 Jn. 5: 16 If any man see his brother sin a sin which is not 
unto death, he shall ask, and he shall give him life for them 
that sin not unto death. There is a sin unto death : I do not 
say that he shall pray for it [See 256, 562.] 



MEEKNESS. 
437. Meekness required. 

Zep. 2: 3 Seek ye the Lord, all ye meek of the earth, 
which have wrought his judgment ; seek righteousness, seek 
meekness : it may be ye shall be hid in the day of the Lobd's 
anger. 

l^Iat. 10: 16 Behold, I send you forth as sheep in the midst 
of wolves : be ye therefore wise as serpents, and harmless as 
doves. 

Gal. 6: 1 Brethren, if a man be overtaken in a fault, ye which 

297 



438, 439 MEEKNESS. 



Eacouragcd und exemplified. 



are spiritual, restore such a one in the spirit of meekness; 
considering thyself, lest thou also be tempted. 

Ep. 4: 1 I therefore, the prisoner of the Lord, beseech you 
that ye walk worthy of the vocation wherewith ye are called, 
2 With all lowliness and meekness, with long-suffering, for- 
bearing one another in love ; 3 Endeavoring to keep the unity 
ofthe Spirit in the bond of peace. 

Col. 3: 12 Put on therefore, as the elect of God, holy and 
beloved, bowels of mercies, kindness, humbleness of mind, 
meekness, long-suffering; 13 Forbearing one another, and 
forgiving one another, if any man have a quarrel against any : 
even as Christ forgave you, so also do ye. 

1 Tim. G: 1 1 Thou, O man of God, flee these things ; and 
follow after righteousness, godliness, faith, love, patience, 
meekness. 

2. Tim. 2: 25 In meekness instructing those that oppose 
themselves. 

1 Pet. 3: 3 Whose adorning let it not be that outward 
ctdoming of plaiting the hair, and of wearing of gold, or of 
putting on of apparel ; 4 But let it he the hidden man of the 
heart, in that which is not corruptible, even the ornament of a 
meek and quiet spirit, which is in the sight of God of great price. 

[See 201, 482, 498-9, 737.] 

438. Meekness encouraged. 

Ps. 25: 9 The meek will he guide in judgment : and the 
meek will he teach his way. — 37: 11 The meek shall inherit 
the earth, and shall delight themselves in the abundance of 
peace. — 76: 8 Thou didst cause judgment to be heard from 
heaven ; the earth feared, and was still, 9 When God arose to 
judgment, to save all the meek of the earth. — 147: 6 The 
Lord lifted up the meek : he casteth the wicked down to the 
ground. — 149: 4 The Lord taketh pleasure in his people: he 
will beautify the meek with salvation. 

Ec. 7: 8 Better is the end of a thing than the beginning 
thereof: and the patient in spirit is better than the proud in 
spirit. 

Mat 5: 5 Blessed are the meek : for they shall inherit the 
earth. 

439. Meekness exemplified, 

Ac 7: 59 They stoned Stephen, calling upon God^ and 
(Miying, Lord Jesus, receive my spirit. |"See 62, 660.] 
298 



XXLLENNIUM. 440 

Predicted. 

MILLENNIUM. 
440. A miUennium of holiness and happiness upon this earth predicted, 

Ps. 22: 27 All the ends of the world shall remember oad 
turn unto the Lord : and all the kindreds of the nations shall 
worship before thee. — 37: 11 The meek shall inherit the 
earth, and shall delight themselves in the abundance of peace.^ — 
72: 6 He shall come down like rain upon the mown grass : 
as showers that water the earth. 7 In his days shall the 
lighteous flourish: 11 Yea, all kings shall fall down before 
him : all nations shall serve him. — 86: 9 All nations whom thoa 
hast made shall come and worship before thee, O Lobd ; and 
shall glorijfy thy name. " 

Is. 2: 2 It shall come to pass in the last days, that the 
mountain of the Lord's house shall be established in the top 
of the mountains, and shall be exalted above the hills ; and 
all nations shall flow unto it. 4 And he shall judge among 
the nations, and shall rebuke many people : and they shall beafc 
their swords into plough-shares, and their spears into pruning- 
hooks : nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither 
shall they learn war any more. 17 And the loftiness of man 
shall be bowed down, and the haughtiness of men shall be 
made low : and the Lord alone shsdl be exalted in that day. 
20 In that day a man shall cast his idols of silver, and lus 
idols of gold, which they made each one for himself to worship, 
to the moles and to the bats. — 25: 6 In this mountain shall 
the Lord of hosts make unto all people a feast of fat things, 
a feast of wines on the lees ; of fat things full of marrow, of 
wines on the lees well refined. 7 And he will destroy in this 
mountain the face of the covering cast over all people, and the 
vail that is spread over all nations. 8 He will swallow up 
death in victory; and the Lord God will wipe away tears 
from off all faces ; and the rebuke of his people shall he take 
away from off all the earth : for the Lord hath spoken it — 
32: 15 Until the Spirit be poured upon us from on high, and 
the wilderness be a fruitful field, and the fruitful field be 
counted for a forest. 16 Then judgment shaU dwell in the 
wilderness, and righteousness remain in the fruitful field. — 
45: 22 Look unto me, and be ye saved, all the ends of the 
earth : for I am Grod, and there is none else. 23 I have sworn 
by myself, the word is gone out of my mouth in righteousness, 
and shall not return. That unto me every knee shall bow, every 
tongue shall swear. — 49: 6 I will also give thee for a light to 
the Gentiles, that thoa mayest be my salvation mito the end 

29^ 



440 MILLENNIUM. 



PrcJictfJ. 



of the earth. — GO: 1<S Violence- shall no more be heard in thy 
land, wasting nor destruction within tliy borders ; but thou 
shfdt call thy walls Salvation, and thy gates Praise. [See the 
whole chapter.] — Of): 17 Behold, I create new heavens and a 
new earth : and the former shall not be remembered, nor come 
into mind. 18 But be ye glad and rejoice for ever in that 
which I ci-eate : for behold, I create Jeiusalem a rejoicing, and 
her people a joy. 19 And I will rejoice in Jerusalem, and joy 
in my i)eople : and the voice of weeping shall be no more 
heard in her, nor the voice of crying. 20 There shall be lu) 
more thence an infiuit of days, nor an old man that hath not 
filled his days : for the child shall die an hundred years old : 
but the sinner being an liundred years old shall be accursed. 
21 And they shall buikl hou^-es and inhabit them; and they 
shall phuit vineyards, and eat the fruit of them. 22 They 
shall not build, and another inhal)it ; they shall not plant, and 
another eat : for as the days of a tree ore the days of my peojde, 
and mine elect shall long enjoy the work of their hands. — G(): 23 
It shall come to pass, that from one new moon to another, and 
fi*om one Sabbath to another, shall all llesh come to woi-ship 
before me, saith the Loud. 

Dan. 7: 27 The kingdom and dominion, and the gi'eatness 
of the kingdom under, the whole heaven, shall be given to 
the people of the saints of the JVIost High, whose kingdom is 
an everlasting kingdom, and all dominions shall serve and 
obey him. 

]\Iic 4: 1 In the bust days it shall come to pass, that the 
mountain of the house of the Lokd shall be established in the 
top of the mountains, and it shall be exalted above the hills ; 
and people shall How unto it. 2 And many nations shall come, 
and say. Come, and let us go up to the mountain of the Lokd, 
and to tlie liouse of the God of Jacob ; and he will teach us of 
his ways, and we will walk in his paths : for the law shall go 
forth of Zion, and the word of the Lord from Jerusalem. 

Ilab. 2: 14 The earth shall be tilled with the knowledge of 
the glory of the Lokd, as the waters cover the sea. 

MaL 1: 11 From the rising of the sun even unto the going 
down of the same, my name shall hi* great among the Gentiles ; 
and in every place incense shall he oflered unto my name, and 
a pure offering : lor my name shall he great among the heathen, 
saith the Lohd of host^. 

Rom. 1 1 : 25 I would not, brethren, that ye should be ignorant 

of this mystery, (lest ye should be wise in your own conceits) 

that blindness in part is happened to Israel, until the fulness of 

the Gentiles be come in. 26 And so all Israel shall be saved: 

800 



MILLENNIUM. 441 

A Tiino of Holiness. 

as it is written, There shall comej out of Zion the Deliverer, 
and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob : 27 For this is 
my covenant unto them, when I shall take away their sins. 

2 Pet. 3: 13 We, according to his promise, look for new 
heavens and a new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness. 

Rev. 20: 1 I saw an angel come down from heaven, hav- 
ing the key of the bottomless pit and a great chain in his hand. 
2 And he laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is 
the Devil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand years, 3 
And cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and 
set a seal upon him, that he should deceive the nations no 
more, till the thousand years should be fulfilled; and after that 
he must be loosed a little season. [Num. 14: 21. Ps. 67: 4 — 7, 
and 82: 8. Is. 49: 8, 9, and 65: 17—23. Ac. 3: 20—25. 
Rev. 15: 4.] [See 90.] 

441 Millennium a time of general holiness. 

Is. 60: 21 Thy people also shall he all righteous : they shall 
inherit the land for ever, the branch of my planting, the work 
of my hands, that I may be glorified. — 65: 25 They shall 
not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain, saith the Lord. 

Jer. 31: 33 This shall be the covenant that I will make with 
the house of Israel ; After those days, saith the Lord, I will 
put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts ; 
and will be their Grod, and they shall be my people. 34 And 
they shall teach no more every man his neighbor, and every 
man his brother, saying, Know the Lord : for they shall all 
know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, 
saith the Lord : for I ynW forgive their iniquity, and I will 
remember their sin no more. 

Ezk. 36: 25 Then will I sprinkle clean water upon you, and 
ye shall be clean : from all your filthiness, and from all your 
idols, will I cleanse you. 26 A new heart also will I give you, 
and a new spirit will I put within you : and I will take away 
the stony heart out of your flesh, and I will give you an heart 
of flesh. 27 And I will put my Spirit within you, and cause 
you to walk in my statutes, and ye shall keep my judgments, 
and do them, 28 And ye shall dwell in the land that I gave 
to your fathers; and ye shall be my i>eople, and I will be your 
God. 29 I will also save you from all your uncleannesses : 
and I will call for the corn, and will increase it, and lay no 
famine upon you. — 37: 23 Neither shall they defile them- 
selves any more with their idols, nor with their detestable 
things, nor with any of their transgressions : but I will save 
ihem out of all their dwelling-places, wherein they have sin- 

26 301 



441 MILLENKIUai. 



A Time of Peace and Unity. 



ned, and will cleanse them : so shall they be my people, and I 
will be their God. 24: And David my ser\'ant shall he king 
over them ; and they all shall have one shepherd : they shall 
also walk in my judgments, and observe my statutes. 

Zep. 3: 13 The remnant of Israel shall not do iniquity, nor 
speak lies, neither shall a deceitful tongue be found in their 
mouth : for they shall feed and lie down, and none shall make 
them afraid. 

Zee 14: 20 In that day shall there be upon the bells of the 
horses, HOLINESS UNTO THE LORD ; and the pots in 
the Lord's house shall be like the bowls before the altar. 

Rom. 11: 25 I would not, brethren, that ye should be igno- 
rant of this mystery, (lest ye should be wise in your own con- 
ceits) that blindness in part is happened to Israel, until the 
fulness of the Gentiles be come in. 26 And so all Israel 
shall be saved: as it is written, [Dt. 18: 15,] There shall come 
oat of Zion the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from 
Jacob : 27 For this is my covenant unto them, when I shall 
take away their sins. [See 506.] 

442. Millennium a time of peace and unity, 

Ps. 37: 11 The meek shall inherit the earth, and shall 
delight themselves in the abundance of peace. — 72: 3 The 
mountains shall bring peace to the people, and the little hills, 
by righteousness. 7 In his days shall the righteous flourish : 
and abundance of peace so long as the moon endureth. 

Is. 52: 8 Thy watchmen shall lift up the voice : with the 
voice together shall they sing : for they shall see eye to eye, 
when the Lord shall bring again Zion. — 60: 17 I will also 
make thy officers peace, and thine exactoi*s righteousness. 18 
Violence shall no more be heard in thy laud, wasting nor 
destruction within thy borders ; but thou shalt call thy waUs 
Salvation, and tliy gates Praise. — 66: 12 Thus saith tne 
Lord, Behold, I will extend peace to her like a river, and 
the glory of the Gentiles like a flowing stream : then shall ye 
suck, ye shall be borne upon her sides, and be dandled upon 
her knees. 

Mic. 4: 3 He shall judge among many people, and rebuke 
strong nations afar off; and they shall beat their swords into 
plough-shares, and their spears into ])nming-hooks: nation shall 
not lift up a sword against nation, neither shall they learn war 
any more. 4 But they shall sit every man under his vine and 
mider his flg-tree ; and none shall make them afraid : for the 
month of the Lord of hosts hath spoken it, 

[Is.2:4. Ps.72:4— 6. Is. 2: 4^ and 11: 6— 9.] 
302 



MILLENNIUM. 443, 444 



A Time of True Knowledge and Prosperity. 



443. MtUennium a time of true hnoicledge. 

Is. 11: 9 They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy 
mountain : for the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the 
Lord, as the waters cover the sea. [Hab. 2: 14."] — 29: 18 
In that day shall the deaf hear the words of the book, and 
tlie eyes of the blind shall see out of obscurity, and out of 
darkness. 24 They also that erred in spirit shall come to 
understanding, and they that murmured shall learn doctrine. — 
33: 6 Wisdom and knowledge shall be the stability of thy 
times, and strength of salvation : the fear of the Lord is his 
treasure. 

Jer. 3: 15 I will give you pastors according to mine heart, 
which shall feed you with knowledge and understanding. 

Heb. 8: 11 They shall not teach every man his neighbor, and 
every man his brother, saying. Know the Lord : for all shall 
know me, from the least to the greatest. 

444. Millennium a time of prosperity. 

Ps. 72: 1 6 There shall be an handful of com in the earth 
upon the top of the mountains ; the fruit thereof shall shake 
like Lebanon : and they of the city shall flourish like grass of 
the earth. 

Is. 60: 5 Then thou shalt see, and flow together, and thine 
heart shall fear.and be enlarged ; because the abundance of 
the sea shall be converted unto thee, the forces of the Gentiles 
shall come unto thee. 6 The multitude of camels shall cover 
thee, the dromedaries of Midian and Ephah; all they from 
Sheba shall come: they shall bring gold and incense ; and they 
shall shew forth the praises of the Lord. 7 All the flocks of 
Kedar shall be gathered together unto thee, the rams of Ne- 
baioth shall minister unto thee : they shall come up with accep- 
tance on mine altar, and I will glorify the house of my glorj'. 
13 The glory of Lebanon shall come unto thee, the fir-tree, the 
pine-tree, and the box together, to beautify the place of my 
sanctuary ; and I will make the place of my feet glorious. 

Joel 2: 21 Fear not, O land ; be glad and rejoice : for the 
Lord will do great things. 22 Be not afraid, ye beasts of the 
field : for the pastures of the wilderness do spring, for the tree 
beareth her fruit, the fig-tree and the vine do yield their 
strength. 23 -Be glad, then, ye children of Zion, and rejoice 
in the Lord your God: for he hath given you the former 
rain moderately, and he will cause to come down for you the 
rain, the former rain, and the latter rain in the first month* 
24 And the floors shall be full of wheat, and the fats shall 

803 



445, 446 laLLENNiUM. 



A Time of Enjoyment — A Contrast to ottier Times. 



overflow with wine and oil. 25 And I will restore to you the 
years that the locust hath eaten, the canker-worm, and the 
caterpiller, and the palmer-worm, my great army, which I sent 
among you. 26 And ye shall eat in plenty, and be satisfied, 
and praise the name of the Lord your God, that hath dealt 
wondrously with you : and my people shall npver be ashamed. 
— 3: 18 And it shall come to pass in that day, that the moun- 
tains shall drop down new wine, and the hills shall flow with 
milk, and all the rivers of Judah shall flow with waters, and a 
fountain shall come forth of the house of the Lord, and shall 
water the valley of Shittim. [Is. 25: G ; and 35th entire, and 
41: 18.] [See 446.] 

445. Millennium a time of enjoyment. 

Is. 25: 8 He will swallow up death in victory; and the 
Lord God will >vipe away tears from off all faces ; and the 
rebuke of his people shall he take away from off all the 
earth: for the Lord hath spoken it. — 35: 10 The ransomed 
of the Lord shall return, and come to Zion with songs and 
everlasting joy upon their heads : they shall obtain joy and 
gladness, and sorrow and sighing shall flee away. — 52: 9 Break 
forth into joy, sing together, ye waste places of Jerusalem : for 
the Lord hath comforted his people, he hath redeemed Jeru- 
salem. — 65: 18 Be ye glad and rejoice for ever in that which 
I create : for behold, I create Jerusalem a rejoicing, and her 
people a joy. 19 Aiid I will rejoice in Jerusalem, and joy in 
my people : and the voice of weeping shall be no more heard 
in her, nor the voice of crying. 

Zep. 3: 14 Sing, O daughter of Zion; shout, O Israel; be 
glad, and rejoice with all the heart, O daughter of Jerusalem. 
15 The Lord hath taken away thy judgments, he hath cast 
out thine enemy : the King of Israel, even the Lord, is in the 
midst of thee: thou shalt not see evil any more. 16 In that 
day it shall be said to Jerusalem, Fear thou not : and to Zion, 
Let not thy hands be slack. 17 The Lord thy God in the 
midst of thee is mighty; he will save, he will rejoice over thee 
with joy ; he will rest in his love, he will joy over thee with 
singing. 

446. Millennium a contrast to previous times. 

Is. 11: 6 The wolf also shall dwell with the. lamb, and the 
leopard shall lie down with the kid ; and the calf and the 
young lion and the fatling together; and a little child shall 
lead them. 7 And the cow and the bear shall feed; their 
young ones shall lie down together: and the lion shall eat 
304 



MINISTBT OF THE WORD. 447 

■^i»»^i^^— ^i^i— ^^^■— — ^— ^— ■ »^— ..^^— ^ 

Design and Use of. 

straw like the ox. 8 And the suckling child shall play on the 
hole of the asp, and the weaned child shall put his hand on 
the cockatrice's den. — 40: 4 Every valley shall be exalted, 
and every mountain and hill shall be made low : and the 
crooked shall be made straight, and the rough places plain: 5 
And the glory of the Lobd shall be revealed, and all flesh 
shall see it together : for the mouth of the Lord hath spoken 
tt. — 41: 18 I will open rivers in high places, and fountains 
in the midst of the valleys : I will make the wilderness a pool 
of water, and the dry land springs of water. 19 I will plant 
in the wilderness the cedar, the shittah-tree, and the myrtle, 
and the oil-tree : I will set in the desert the fir-tree, and the 
pine, and the box-tree together : 20 That they may see, and 
know, and consider, and understand together, that the hand of 
the Lord hath done this, and the Holy One of Israel hath 
created it. — 55: 13 Listead of the thorn shall cojne up the 
fir-tree, and instead of the brier shall come up the myrtle- 
tree : and it shall be to the Lord for a name, for an everlast- 
ing sign that shall not be cut off. — 65: 25 The wolf and the 
lamb shall feed together, and the lion shall eat straw like the 
bullock : and dust shall he the serpent's meat. [Is. 35: 6, 7 
Ezk. 47: 8, 9. Ac 3: 21.] 



. MINISTRY OF THE WORD. 
447. Design and use of the Christian ministry. 

Jer. 3: 15 I will give you pastors according to mine heart, 
which shall feed you with knowledge and understanding. — 
15: 19 J£ thou take forth the precious from the vile, thou shalt 
be as my mouth. 

Ezk. 3: 17 Son of man, I have made thee a watchman unto 
the house of Israel : therefore hear the word at my mouth, and 
give them warning from me. 

MbL 5: 13 Ye are the salt of the earth: but if the salt have 
lost his savor, wherewith shall it be salted ? it is thenceforth 
good for nothing, but to be cast out, and to be trodden under 
foot of men. 14 Ye are the light of the world. A city that is 
set on a hill cannot be hid. 

Ac 26: 17 Delivering thee from the people, and from the 
Gentiles, unto whom now I send thee, 18 To open their eyes, 
and to turn them from darkness to light, and from the power 
of Satan unto God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins, 
and inheritance among them which are sanctified by faith that 
is in me. 

26* 305 



448 MnnsTBY of the word. 

'Divinely appointed. 

Itom. 10: 14 How then shall they call on him in whom they 
have not believed? and how shall they beHeve in him of whom 
they have not heard? and how shall they hear without a 
preacher? 15 And how shall they preach, except they be 
sent ? as it is written, How beautiful are the feet of them that 
preach the gospel of peace, and bring glad tidings of good 
things ! [Is. 52: 7.] 

1 Cor. 1: 21 After that in the wisdom of Grod the world by 
wisdom knew not God, it pleased God by the foolishness of 
preacliing to save them that believe. 

2 Cor. 1: 24 Not for that we have dominion over your 
faith, but are helpers of your joy : for by faith ye stand. — 
5: 20 We are ambassadors for Christ, as though God did be- 
seech you by us: we pray you in Christ's stead, be ye reconciled 
to Grod. 

Ep. 4: 11 He gave some, apostles ; and some, prophets; and 
some, evangelists ; and some, pastors and teachers ; 12 For 
the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for 
the edifying of the body of Christ : 13 Till we all come in the 
unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of Grod, unto 
a perfect man, unto the measure of the stature of the fulness of 
Christ. [1 Tim. 3: 1. Heb. 13: 17.] [See 101.] 

448. Ministers dioindy appointed and qualijied. 

Is. 62: 6 I have set watchmen upon thy walls, O Jerusalem, 
which shall never hold their peace day nor night: ye that make 
mention of the Lord keep not silence. 

Mai. 2: 7 For the priest's lips should keep knowledge, and 
they should seek the law at his mouth: for he is the messenger 
of the Lord of hosts. 

Lk. 10: 1 After these things, the Lord appointed other sev- 
enty also, and sent them two and two before his face into every 
city, and place, whither he liimself would come. 2 Therefore 
said he unto them. The harvest truly is great, but the laborers 
are few: pray ye therefore the lord of the harvest, that he 
would send forth laborers into his harvest. 

Ac. 20: 24 But none of these things move me, neither count 
I my life dear unto myself, so that I might finish my course 
with joy, and the ministry which I have received of tiie Lord 
Jesus, to testify the gospel of the grace of God. 28 Take 
heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the flock over the 
which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed the 
church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood. 
^26: 16 Rise and stand upon thy feet: for I have appeared 
unto thee for this purpose to make thee a minister and a wit- 
306 



MINISTRY OP THE WORD. 449,450 



Call to preach — Ordinaticn. 



ness both of these things which thou hast seen, and of those 
things in the which I wiU appear unto thee ; 17 DeHvering thee 
from the people, and*yro?w the Gentiles, unto whom now I send 
thee, 18 To open their eyes, and to turn them from darkness 
to light, and from the power of Satan unto God, that they may 
receive forgiveness of sins, and inheritance among them which 
are sanctified by faith that is in me. 

Rom. 12: 6 Having then gifts, differing according to the 
grace that is given to us, whether prophecy, let us prophesy^ 
according to the proportion of faith; 7 Or ministry, let us wait 
on our ministering: or he that teacheth, on teaching: 8 Or he 
that exhoi*teth, on exhortation. 

1 Cor. 1: 1 Paul, called to he an apostle of Jesus Christ 
through the will of God, and Sosthenes our brother. 17 For 
Christ sent me not to baptize, but to preach the gospel. 

2 Cor. 5: 18 All things are of God, who hath reconciled us 
to himself by Jesus Christ, and hath given to us the ministry 
of reconciliation. 

Col. 4: 17 Say to Archippus, Take heed to the ministry 
which thou hast received in the Lord, that thou fulfil it. 

1 Tim. 1: 12 I thank Christ Jesus our Lord, who hath 
enabled me, for that he counted me faithful, putting me into 
the ministry. 

Tit. 1: 3 But hath in due times manifested his word through 
preaching, which is committed unto me, according to the com- 
mandment of God our Saviour. [1 Cor. 12: 7 — 11.] [See 480.] 

449. Call to preach the gospd. 

1 Cor. 9:16 Though I preach the Gospel, I have nothing 
to glory of: for necessity is laid upon me ; yea, wo is unto me, 
if I preach not the gospel ! 

Gal. 1: 15 When it pleased God, who separated me from my 
mother's womb, and called me by his grace, 16 To reveal his 
Son in me, that I might preach him among the heathen ; im- 
mediately I conferred not with fiesli and blood. 

Heb. 5: 4 No man taketh this honor unto himself, but he 
that is called of God, as was Aaron. 

450. Ordination of ministers. 

Mk. 3: 14 He ordained twelve, that they should be with 
him, and that he might send them forth to preach. 

Ac. 13: 2 *As they ministered to the Lord, and fasted, the 
Holy Ghost said, Separate me Barnabas and Saul, for the 
work whereunto I have called them. 3 And when they had 
fasted and prayed, and laid their hands on them, they sent t\em 

. 307 



451 — 458 HIKISTBT OF THE WOBI>. 

Oriental priesthood — Primitive mode of preaching — « Ministerial qtuUfications. 



away. — 14: 23 When they had ordained them elders in every 
church, and had prayed with fasting, they commended them to 
the Lord, on whom they believed. 

2 Tim. 2: 2 The things that thou hast heard of me among 
many witnesses, the same commit thou to faithful men, who 
shall be able to teach others also. 

Tit. 1 : o For this cause left I thee in Crete, that thou shonldest 
set in order the things that ai*e wanting, and ordain elders in 
every city, as I had appointed thee. [See 401.] 

45 1 . Oriental }mesthood. 

Gen. 47: 22 Only the land of the priests bought he not ; for 
the priests had a portion assigned them of Pharaoh, and did 
eat their portion which Pharaoh gave them ; wherefore they 
sold not their lands. 

Ex. 3: 1 Now Moses kept the flock of Jethro his father-in- 
law, the priest of Midian : and he led the flock to the back 
side of the desert, and came to the mountain of God, even 
to Iloreb. 

452. Primitive mode of preaching. 

Ac 17: 2 Paul, as his manner was, went in unto them, and 
three Sabbath-days reasoned with them out of the scriptures. 

1 Cor. 2: 4 My speech and my preaching vhis not with 
enticing words of man's ^visdom, but in demonstration of the 
Spirit, and of power : 5 That your faith should not stand in 
the wisdom of men, but in the power of God. 

2 Cor. 3: 12 Seeing then that we have such hope, we use 
great plainness of speech. — 4: 1 Seeing we have this minis- 
try, as we have received mercy, we faint not ; 2 But have 
renounced the hidden things of dishonesty ; not walking in 
craftiness, nor handling the word of God deceitfully ; but, by 
manifestation of the truth, commending ourselves to every 
man's conscience in the sight of God. [See 447, 458, 461.] 

453. Ministerial qualifications. 

1 Tim. 3: 2 A bishop then must be blameless, the husband 
of one wife, vigilant, sober, of good behavior, given to hospital- 
ity, apt to teach ; 3 Not given to wine, no striker, not greedy 
of filthy lucre ; but patient ; not a brawler ; not covetous ; 4 
One that ruleth well his own house, having his children in sub- 
jection with all gravity; 5 (For if a man know not how to 
rule his own house, how shall he take care of the church of 
God ?) 6 Not a novice, lest being lifted up with pride he fall 
into the condemnation of the devil. 7 Moreover, he must 
308 



MINI8TBT OF THE WORD. 454^ 455 

Names — Authority and rights. 

have a good report of them which are without ; lest he fall 
into reproach and the snare of the devil. 

2 Tim. 2: 2 The things that thou hast heard of me among 
many witnesses, the same cooMnit thou to faithful men, who 
shall he able to teach others also. 24 And the servant of the 
Lord must not strive ; but be gentle unto all men, apt to teach, 
patient ; 25 In meekness instructing those that oppose. 

Tit. 1: 6 If any be blameless, the husband of one wife, 
having faithful children, not accused of riot, or unruly. 7 For 
a bishop must be blameless, as the steward of God : not self- 
willed, not soon angry, not given to wine, no striker, not given 
to filthy lucre ; 8 But a lover of hospitality, a lover of good 
men, sober, just, holy, temperate ; 9 Holding fast the faithful 
word as he hath been taught, that he may be able by sound 
doctrine both to exhort and to convince the gainsayers. [Mat. 
13: 52. 1 Cor. 4: 2.] 

454. Significant names of ministers. 

2 Cor. 5: 20 Ambassadors for Christ. — Tit. 1: 7 Bishops. 

— ITim. 5: 17 Elders. — Ep. 4: 11 Evangelists. — 2 Cor. 1: 
24 Helpers. — 1 Cor. 3: d Laborers together with God. 

— Lk. 1: 2 Ministers of the "Word* — 2 Cor. 11: 15 Ministers 
of righteousness. — Mai. 2: 7 Messengers of the Lord. — Ac. 
20: 28 Overseers. — Ep. 4: 11 Pastors and teachers. — 1 Tim. 
5: 17 Rulers. — Mat. 5: 13 Salt of the earth. — Jam. 1: 1 
Servants of Grod. — 2 Cor. 4: 5 Servants for Jesus' sake. — 
Jer. 23: 4 Shepherds. — Tit. 1: 7 Stewards of God. — Is. 62: 
6 Watchmen. — Ac. 26: 16 and Rev. 11: 3 Witnesses. 

455. Ministerial authority and rights. 

Ac 20: 17 And called the elders of the church. 28 Take 
heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the flock over the 
which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, [bishops] to 
feed the church of Grod, which he hath purchased with h& own 
blood. 

2 Cor. 10: 8 Though I should boast somewhat more of our 
authority, which the Lord hath given us for edification, and not 
for your destruction, I should not be ashamed. — 13: 10 I write 
these things being absent, lest being present I should use sharp- 
ness, according to the power which the Lord hath given me to 
edification, and not to destruction. 

1 Tim. 5: 17 Let the-elders that rule well, be counted wor- 
thy of double honor, especially they who labor in the word 
and doctrine. 

2 Tim. 4: 1 I charge thee therefore before God, and the 

309 



456, 457 MINISTEKIAL DUTIBB. 

Duty to take heed to their own mys. 

Lord Jesus Christ, who shall judge the quick and the dead at 
his appearing and his kingdom ; 2 Preach the word ; be instant 
in season, out of season ; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all long- 
suffering and doctrine. 

Tit. 2: 15 These things speak, and exhort, and rebuke with 
all authority. Let no man despise thee. 

Heb. 13: 7 Remember them which have the rule over you, 
who have spoken unto you the word of Gk)d : whose faith 
follow, considering the end of their conversation. 17 Obey 
them that have the rule over you, and submit yourselves : for 
they watch for yonr souls, as they that must give account, that 
they may do it witli joy, and not with grief: for that is un- 
profitable for you. 

456. Liihits of miuisferial authonfi/. 

Mat. 20: 25 Jesus called them wito him, and said, Ye know 
that the princes of the Gentiles exercise dominion over them, 
and tliey that are great exercise authority upon them. 26 But 
it shall not be so among you : but whosoever will be great 
among you, let him be your minister : 27 And whosoever will 
be chief among you, let him be your servant : 28 Even as the 
Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, 
and to give his life a ransom for many. Mk. 10: 42. — 23: 8 
Be not ye called Rabbi : for one is your Master, even Christ ; 
and all ye are brethren. 9 And call no man your father upon 
the earth : for one is your father which is in heaven. 10 
Neither be ye called masters : for one is your Master, even 
Christ. 

1 Pet. 5: 3 Neither as being lords over God's heritage, but 
being ensamples to the flock. 

MINISTERIAL DUTIES. 

457. T/ie cultivation of himcledc/c, piety and wisdom, required and exempli' 
fied. 

Ezk. 2: 8 Son of man, hear what I say unto thee. Be not 
thou rebellious like that rebellious house: open thy mouth, 
and eat that I give thee. 

Mat. 10: 16 Behold, I send you forth as sheep in the midst 
of wolves : be ye therefore wise as serpents, and harmless as 
doves. 

Ac. 6: 4 We will give ourselves continually to prayer, and 

to the ministry of the word. — 20: 28 Take heed therefore 

unto yourselves, and to all the flock over the which the Holy 

Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed the church of God, 

810 



lilKISTEBIAL DUTIES. 457 



Duty to take heed to their own ways. 



which he hath purchased with his own blood. 29 For I know 
this, that after my departing shall grievous wolves enter in 
among you, not sparing the flock. 30 Also of your own selves 
shall men^ arise, speaking perverse things, to draw away dis- 
ciples after them. 31 Therefore watch, and remember, that 
by the space of three years I ceased not to warn every one 
night and day with tears. 

Kom. 2: 21 Thou therefore which teachest another, teachest 
thou not thyself? ^thou that preachest a man should not steal, 
dost thou steal ? 

1 Cor. 9: 25 Every man that striveth for the mastery is tem- 
perate in all things. Now they do it to obtain a corruptible 
crown ; but we an incorruptible. 26 I therefore so run, not 
as uncertainly ; so fight I, not as one that beateth the air : 27 
But I keep under my body, and bring it into subjection : lest 
that by any means, when I have preached to others, I myself 
should be a cast-away. 

1 Th. 2: 10 Ye are witnesses, and God also, how holily, and 
justly, and unblamably we behaved ourselves among you that 
believe. 

1 Tim. 4: 12 Let no man despise thy youth ; but be thou an 
example of the believers, in word, in conversation, in charity, 
in spirit, in faith, in purity. 13 Till I come, give attendance 
to reading, to exhortation, to doctrine. 14 Neglect not the gift 
that is in thee, which was given thee by prophecy, with the lay- 
iijg on of the hands of the presbytery. 15 Meditate upon 
these things ; give thyself wholly to them ; that thy profiting 
may appear to all. 16 Take heed unto thyself, and unto the 
doctrine ; continue in them : for in doing this thou shalt both 
save thyself, and them that hear thee. — 6: 20 O Timothy, keep 
that which is committed to thy trust, avoiding profane and 
vain babblings, and oppositions of science falsely so called : 
21 Which some professing, have erred concerning the faith. 

2 Tim. 1:13 Hold fast the form of sound words, which thou 
hast heard of me, in faith and love which is in Christ Jesus. — 
2: 3 Thou therefore endure hardness, as a good soldier of 
Jesus Christ. 4 No man that warreth entangleth himself with 
the afiairs of this life ; that he may please him who hath chosen 
him to be a soldier. 22 Flee also youthful lusts : but follow 
righteousness, faith, charity, peace, with them that call on the 
Lord out of a pure heart. 23 But foolish and unlearned 
questions avoid, knowing that they do gender strifes. 

2 Tim. 4: 5 Watch thou in all things, endure afllictions, do 
the work of an evangelist, make full proof of thy ministry. 



311 



458 MINISTERIAL DUTIES. 

Duty to preach foithfully. 

7 I have fought a good fight, I have finished my course, I have 
kept the faith. 

Tit. 2: 7 In all things shewing thyself a pattern of good 
works: in doctrine shewing uncomiptness,' gravity, sincerity. 

8 Sound speech that cannot be condemned ; that he that is of 
the contrary part may be ashamed, having no evil thing to say 
of you. [See 369, 463.] 

458. Preaching faithfdlg as *• ambassadors for Christ " required and exem- 
plijied. 

Dt. 33: 10 They shall teach Jacob thy judgments, and Israel 
thy law. 

Neh. 8: 8 They read in the book, in the law of God dis^ 
tinctly, and gave the sense, and caused them to understand 
the reading. 

Ec. 12: 9 Because the Preacher was wise, he still taught the 
people knowledge : yea, he gave good heed, and sought out, 
and set in order many proverbs. 

Jer. 1: 17 Thou therefore gird up thy loins, and arise, and 
speak unto them all that I command thee : be not dismayed at 
their faces, lest I confound thee before them. — 23:28 The 
prophet that hath a dream, let him tell a dream ; and he that 
hath my word, let him speak my word faithfully. What is 
the chaff to the wheat ? saith the Lord. — 26: 2 Thus saith 
the Lord ; Stand in the court of the Lord's house, and speak 
unto all the cities of Judah, which come to worship in the 
Lord's house, all the words that I command thee to speak unto 
them ; diminish not a word. 

Ezk. 2: 7 Thou shalt speak my words unto them, whether 
they will hear, or whether they will forbear : for they are most 
rebellious. — 3: 10 He said unto me, Son of man, all my words 
that I shall speak unto thee receive in thine heart, and hear 
with thine ears. 1 1 And go, get thee to them of tlie captivity, 
unto the children of thy people, and speak unto them, and tell 
them, Thus saith the Lord God ; whether they will hear, oi 
whether they will forbear. 

Mat. 28: 19 Go ye therefore and teach all nations, baptizing 
them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the 
Holy Ghost ; 20 Teaching them to observe all things whatso- 
ever I have commanded you. 

Ac. 5: 42^ Daily in the temple, and in every house, they 
ceased not to teach and preach Jesus Christ. — 20: 18 When 
they were come to him, he said unto them. Ye know, from the 
first day that I came into Asia, after what manner I have been 
with you at aU seasons. 20 And how I kept back nothing that 
312 



UimSTERIAL DUTIES. 458 

Duty to preach faithAilly. 

was profitable unto you, but have shewed you, and have taught 
you publicly, and from house to house. 26 Wherefore I taJte 
you to record this day, that I am pure from the blood of all 
men, 27 For I have not shunned to declare unto you all the 
counsel of Grod. 28 Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and 
to all the flock over the which the Holy Ghost hath made you 
overseers, to feed the church of Grod, which he hath purchased 
with his own blood. 

1 Cor. 4: 1 Let a man so account of us, as of the ministers 
of Christ, and stewards of the mysteries of God. 2 Moreover, 
it is required in stewards that a man be found faithful. — 9: 16 
Though I preach the Gospel, I have nothing to glory of: for 
necessity is laid upon me ; yea, wo is unto me, if I preach not 
the Gospel 1 

2 Cor. 2: 17 We are not as many, which corrupt the word 
of God : but as of sincerity, but as of God, in the sight of God 
speak we in Christ. — 4: 1 Seeing we have this ministry, as 
we haye received mercy, we faint not ; 2 But have renounced 
the hidden things of dishonesty ; not walking in craftiness, nor 
liandling the word of God deceitfully ; but, by manifestation 
of the truth, commending ourselves to every man's conscience 
in the sight of God. 

Gal. 1: 10 Do I now persuade men, or God? or do I seek 
to please men ? for if I yet pleased men, I should not be the 
servant of Christ. 

1 Th. 2: 3 Our exhortation was not of deceit, nor of un- 
deanness, nor in guile ; 4 But as we were allowed of God to 
be put in trust with the gospel, even so we speak; not as 
pleasing men, but God, which trieth our hearts. 5. For neither 
at any time used we flattering words, as ye know, nor a cloak 
of covetousness ; God is witness. 

2 Tim. 2: 15 Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a 
workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the 
word of truth. — 4: 1 I charge thee therefore before God, and 
the Lord Jesus Christ, who shall judge the quick and the 
dead at his appearing and his kingdom ; 2 Preach the word ; 
be instant in season, out of season ; reprove, rebuke, exhort 
with all long-suffering and doctrine. 3 For the time wiU come, 
when they will not endure sound doctrine ; but after their own 
lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers, having itching 
ears ; 4 And they shall turn away their ears from the truth 
and shall be turned unto fables. 5 But watch thou in all 
things, endure afflictions, do the work of an evangelist, make 
full proof of thy ministry. 

27 313 



459, 460 MINISTERIAL DT7TIBS. 



Dat^ to be inoffendTe — To fear not man. 



Tit 2: 1 Speak thou the things which become sound doctrine. 

1 Pet. 4: 11 If any man speak, let him speak as the oracles 
of God ; if any man. minister, let him do it as of the ability 
which God giveth : that God in all things may be glorified 
through Jesus Christ ; to whom be praise and dominion for ever 
and ever. [See 48, 65, 188, 279, 430, 462.] 

459. Thity to be properly inoffensive. 

Mat 17: 27 Notwithstanding, lest we should offend them, 
go thou to the sea, and cast an hook, and take up the fish that 
first Cometh up : and when thou hast (^ened his mouth, thou 
shalt find a piece of money : that take, and give unto them for 
me and thee. 

Rom. 14: 21 It is good neither to eat flesh, nor to drink wine, 
nor any thing whereby thy brother stumbleth, or is offended, 
or is made weak. 

1 Cor. 9: 19 Though I be free from all men, yet have I made 
myself servant unto all, that I might gain the more. 20 And 
nnto the Jews I became as a Jew, that I might gain the Jews ; 
to them that are under the law, as under the law, that I might 
gain them that are under the law ; 22 To the weak became I 
as weak, that I might gain the weak : I am made all things to 
all men, that I might by all means save some. — 10: 32 Give 
none offence, neither to the Jews, nor to the Grentiles, nor to 
the church of God. 33 Even as I please all men in all tMnySj 
not seeking mine own profit, but the profit of many, that they 
may be saved. 

2 Cor. 6: 3 Giving no offence in any thing, that the ministry 
be not blamed : 4 But in all things approving oui^elves as the 
lAinisters of God, in much patience, in afflictions, in necessities, 
in distresses. 

2 Tim. 2: 24 The servant of the Lord must not strive ; but 
be gentle unto all men, [See 67, 135.] 

460. Duty tofearnat man — boldness exemplified. 

Jer. 1: 7 The Lord said unto me. Say not, I am a child : for 
thou shalt go to all that I shall send thee, and whatsoever I 
command thee thou shalt speak. 8 Be not afraid of their 
faces: for I am with thee to deliver thee, saith Lord. 17 
Thou therefore gird up thy loius, and arise, and speak unto 
them all that I command thee : be not dismayed at their faces, 
lest I confound thee before them. 1 8 For behold, I have made 
thee this day a defenced city, and an iron piUar, and brazen 
walls against the whole land, against the kings of Judah, 
against the princes thereof, against the priests thereof, and 
814 



ICnnSTICBIAL DUTIES. 461 

Duty to expose and reprove sin. 

against the people of the land. 19 And they shall fight 
agamst thee ; but they shall not prevail against thee ; for I am 
with thee, saith the Lord, to deliver thee. 

Ezk. 2: 6 Thou, son of man, be not afraid of them, neith^ 
be afraid of their words, though briers and thorns he with thee, 
and thou dost dwell among scorpions : be not afraid of their 
words, nor be dismayed at their looks, though they be a rebel- 
lious house. 

Ac. 4: 13 When they saw the boldness of Peter and John, 
and perceived that they were unlearned and ignorant men, they 
marvelled ; and they took knowledge of them, that they had 
been with Jesus. 18 And they called them, and commanded 
them not to speak at all, nor teach in the name of Jesus. 19 
But Peter and John answered and said unto them, Whether it 
be right in the sight of God to hearken unto you more than 
unto Grod, judge ye. 20 For we cannot but speak the things 
which we have seen and heard. 29 And now, Lord, behold 
their threatenings ; and grant unto thy servants, that with all 
boldness they may speak thy w<»*d. — 6: 10 They were not 
able to resist the wisdom and the spirit by which he spake. 
— 9: 29 He spake boldly in the name of the Lord Jesus, and 
disputed against the Grecians : but they went about to slay 
him. — 18: 9 Then spake the Lord to Paul in the night by a 
vision, Be not afraid, but speak, and hold not thy peace : 10 
For I am with thee, and no man shall set on thee, to hurt thee: 
for I have much people in this city. — 19: 8 He went into the 
synagogue, and spake boldly for the space of three months, 
disputing and persuading the things concerning the kingdom 
of God. 

Ph. 1: 20 According to my earnest expectation, and my 
hope, that in nothing 1 shall be ashamed, but that with all 
boldness, as always, so now also, Christ shall be magnified in 
my body, whether it he by life, or by death. [See 134, 659.] 

461. Exposing sins, and reproving transgressors required and exemplijied. 

1 S. 13: 13 Samuel said to Saul, Thou hast done foolishly : 
thou hast not kept the commandment of the Lord thy God, 
which he commanded thee: for now would the Lord have 
established thy kingdom upon Israel for ever. 14 But now 
thy kingdom shall not continue. 

2 S. 1 2: 7 Nathan said to David, Thou art the man. 

1 K. 18: 17 It came to pass when Ahab saw Elijah, that 
Ahab said unto him. Art thou he that tmubleth Isi-ael? 18 
And he answered, I have not troubled Israel ; but thou, and 
thy father's house, in that ye have forsaken the commandments 

315 



462 lOHISTEBIAL DUTIES. 

Ihity to distinguish. 

of the Lord, and thou hast followed Baalim. — 21: 20 Ahab 
said to Elijah, Hast thou found me, O mine enemy ? And he 
answered, I have found thee : because thou hast sold thyself to 
work evil in the sight of the Lord. 

Is. 58: 1 Cry aloud, spare not, lift up thy voice like a trum- 
pet, and shew my people their transgression, and the house of 
Jacob their sins. 

Ezk. 16: 2 Son of man, cause Jerusalem to know her 
abominations. 

Mic. 3: 8 Truly I am fiill of power by the Spirit of the 
Lord, and of judgment, and of might, to declare unto Jacob 
his transgression, and to Israel his sm. 

Ac. 2: 23 Him, being delivered by the detenmnate counsel 
and foreknowledge of God, ye have taken, and by wicked 
hands have crucified and slain. — 7: 51 Ye stiff-necked, and 
nncircumcised in heart and ears, ye do always resist the Holy 
Ghost : as your fathers did^ so do ye. 52 Which of the pro- 
phets have not your fathers persecuted ? and they have slain 
them which shewed before of the coming of the Just One ; of 
whom ye have been now the betrayers and murderers; 53 
Who have received the law by the disposition of angels, and 
have not kept it. 

1 Tim. 5: 20 Them that sin rebuke before all, that others 
also may fear. 

2 Tim. 4: 2 Preach the word ; be instant in season, out of 
season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all long-suffering and 
doctrine. 

Tit. 1: 10 There are many unruly and vain talkers and 
deceivers, especially they of the circumcision: 11 Whose 
mouths must be stopped, who subvert whole houses, teaching 
things which they ought not, for filthy lucre's sake. 13 This 
witness is true : wherefore rebuke them sharply, that they may 
be sound in the faith. [See 610, 611.] 

462. Duly to distinguish saints from sinners, 

Jer. 15: 19 K thou take forth the precious from the vile, 
thou shalt be as my mouth : let them return unto thee ; but 
return not thou unto them. 20 And I will make thee unto 
this people a fenced brazen wall : and they shall fight against 
thee, but they shall not prevail against thee : for I am with thee 
to save thee and to deliver thee, saith the Lord. 

Ezk. 44: 23 And they shall teach my people the difference 
between the holy and profane, and cause them to disoem be- 
tween the unclean and the dean. 24 And in controversy they 
316 



MIKI8TESIAL HUTIEft. 463 

■ 1 

Duty to pray, watch, etc. 

Bhall stand in judgment ; and thej shall judge it according to 
my judgments. 

Mai. 3: 18 Then shall ye reutm and discern between the 
righteous and the wicked, between him that serveth God and 
him that serveth him not [See 458, 645.] 

463. The duties of praying^ vxxtching and visiting required and exemplified 
'— negligence reproved. 

1 S. 12: 23 As for me, Grod forbid that I should sin against 
the Lord in ceasing to pray for you : but I will teach you the 
good and the right way. 

Jer. 23: 2 Thus saith the Lord Grod of Israel against the 
pastors that feed my people ; Ye have scattered my flock, and 
driven them away, and have not visited them : behold, I will 
visit upon you the evil of your doings saith the Lord. 

Joel 2: 17 Let the priests, the ministers of the Lord, weep 
between the porch and the altar, and let them say. Spare thy 
people, O Lord, and give not thine heritage to reproach, tlu^ 
the heathen should rule over them : wherefore should they say 
among the people. Where i* their God ? 

Mat 25: 42 I was an hungered, and ye gave me no meat : I 
was thirsty, and ye gave me no drink : 43 I was a stranger, 
and ye took me not in : naked, and ye clothed me not : sick and 
in prison, and ye visited me not. 

Ac 20: 31 Watch, and remember, that by the space of 
three years I ceased not to warn every .one night and day with 
tears. 

Rom. 1: 9 God is my witness, whom I serve with my spirit 
in the gospel of his Son, that without ceasing I make mention 
of you always in my prayers. 

2 Cor. 11: 2 I am jealous over you with godly jealousy : for 
I have espoused you to one husband, that I may present you as 
a chaste virgin to Christ — 12: 14 Behold, the third time I 
am ready to come to you ; and I wiU not be burdensome to 
you : for I seek not yours, but you. For the children ought 
not to lay up for the parents, but the parents for the children. 
15 And I will very gladly spend and be spent for you ; though 
the more abundanUy I love you, the less I be loved. 

Gal. 4: 19 My little children, of whom I travail in birth 
again until Christ be formed in you, 20 I desire to be present 
with you now, and to change my voice ; for I stand in doubt 
of you. 

Ph. 1: 8 I thank my Grod upon every remembrance of you, 
4 Always in every prayer of mine for you all making request 
with joy, 5 For your fellowship in the gospel from the first 

27* 817 



454 XINISTERIAI, DUTIB& 

Entire deroticm en joineA. 

daj until now ; 8 For God is my record, how greadj I long 
after you all in the bowels of Jesus Christ- 

CoL 1: 'J For this cause we also, since the day we heard iij 
do not cease to pray for you, and to desire that ye mi^t be 
filled with the knowledge of his will in all wisdom and spiritual 
understanding ; 10 That ye might walk worthy of the Lord 
unto all pleasing, being fruitful in every good work, and in- 
creasing in the knowledge of God : 1 1 Strengthened with all 
might, according to his glorious power, unto all patience and 
kmg-sufiering with joyfulness : 28 Whom we prMch, warning 
every man, and teaching every man in all wisdom ; that we 
may present every man perfect in Christ Jesus. — 4: 12 £pa- 
phraji, who is one of you, a servant of Christ, saluteth yon, 
always laboring fer\ently for you in prayers, that ye may stand 
perfect and complete in all the will of God. 13 For I bear 
him record, that he hath a great zeal for you, and them thai are 
in Laodicea, and them in Hierapolis. 

1 Th. 2: 6 Nor of men sought we glory, neither of yon, nor 
ffH of others, when we might have been burdensome, as the 
iq>ostles of Christ 7 But we were gentle among you, ev^i 
as a nurse cherisbeth her children : 8 So being affectionately 
desirous of you, we were willing to have imparted unto yon, 
not the gospel of God only, but also our own souls, because ye 
were dear unto us. 9 For ye remember, brethren, our labor 
and travail : for laboring night and day, because we would 
not be chargeable unto any of you, we preached unto you 
the gospel of Gk)d. 10 Ye are witnesses, and God o&o, 
how holily, and justly, and unblamably we behaved ourselves 
among you that believe: 11 As ye know how we exhorted, 
and comforted, and charged every one of you, as a father 
doth his children, 12 That ye would walk worthy of God, 
who hath called you unto his kingdom and glory. [1 Th. 
8: 7—10.] 

464. Entire devotion to the calling required and exempUfied. 

Lk. 9: 59 He said unto another, Follow me. But he said. 
Lord, suffer me first to go and bury my father. 60 Jesus said 
onto him. Let the dead bury their dead : but go thou and preach 
the kingdom of Grod. 

Ac 6: 2 Then the twelve called the multitude of the disci- 
ples unto them, and said, It is not reason that we should leave 
the word of God, and serve tables. 3 Wherefore, brethren, 
look ye out among you seven men of honest report, full of the 
Holy Ghost and wisdom, whom we may appoint over this busi 
318 



MIKISTEBIAL TRUSTS, TBIAJLS, BEWARD8. 465, 466 

ftesponsibility — Temptations. 



ness. 4 But we will give ourselves continuallj to prayer, 
and to the ministry of the word. 

1 Cor. 2: 2 I determined not to know any thing among you, 
save Jesus Christ, and him crucified. 

1 Tim. 4: 15 Meditate upon these things ; give thyself 
wholly to them ; that thy profiting may appear to all. 



MINISTERIAL TKUSTS, TRIALS, AND REWARDS. 
465. Ministerial responsibility, 

Ezk. 33: 7 O son of man, I have set thee a watchman unto 
the house of Israel ; therefore thou shalt hear the word at my 
mouth, and warn them from me. 8 When I say unto the 
wicked, O wicked man, thou shalt surely die; if thou dost not 
speak to warn the wicked from his way, that wicked man shall 
die in his iniquity ; but his blood will I require at thine hand. 
9 Nevertheless, of thou warn the wicked of his way to turn 
from it ; if he do not turn from his way, he shall die in his 
iniquity ; but thou hast delivered thy soul. [Ezk. 3: 17, 19.] 
— 34: 8 -4s I live, saith the Lord God, surely because my flock 
became a prey, and my flock became meat to every beast 
of the field, because there was no shepherd, neither did my 
shepherds search for my flock, but the shepherds fed them- 
selves, and fed not my flock ; 9 Therefore, O ye shepherds, 
hear the word of the I^ord ; 10 Thus saith the Lord God ; 
Behold, I am against the shepherds ; and I will require my 
flock at their hand, and cause them to cease from feeding the 
flock, neither shall the shepherds feed themselves any more ; 
for I will deliver my flock from their mouth, that they may not 
be meat for them. 

1 Tim. 1: 11 According to the glorious gospel of the blessed 
God which was conmaitted to my trust. — 6: 20 O Timothy, 
keep that which is committed to thy trust, avoding profane 
and vain babblings, and oppositions of science falsely so 
called ; 21 Which some professing, have erred concerning the 
faith. 

4G6. Ministerial temptations. 
1. To please their hearers. 

Num. 24: 10 Balak said unto Balaam, 1 called thee to curse 
mine enemies, and behold, thou hast altogether blessed them 
these three times. 11 Therefore now flee thou to thy 
place : I thought to promote thee unto great honor ; but lo, the 
Lord hath kept thee back from honor. 

319 



407 KIHIBTieHXAX. TRUSTS, TRIALS, BRWARM. 

Trials and Persecutiong of Blinisters. 
2. To avoid thejrotons of the infiuential. 

Am. 7: 12 Amaziah said unto Amos, O thou seer, go flee 
tihee away into the land of Judah, and there eat bread, and 
TOophesy there: 13 But prophesy not again any more at 
Bethel : for it is the king's chapel, and it is the king's court. 

Ac 4: 18 And they billed them, and commanded them not 
to speak at all, nor teach in the name of Jesus. 

8. To conceal the true God. 

Is. 30: 9 This is a rebellious people, lying children, children 
that will not hear the law of the Lord : 10 Which say to 
the seers. See not ; and to the prophets. Prophesy not unto us 
right things, speak unto us smooth things, prophesy deceits : 11 
Gret ye out of the way, turn aside out of the path, cause the 
Holy One of Israel to cease from before us. 

4. To countenance popular errors, delusions and vices. 

Ex. 32: 21 Moses said unto Aaron, What did this people 
unto thee, that thou hast brought so great a sin upon them ? 
22 And Aaron said. Let not the anger of my lord wax hot : 
thou knowest the people, that they are set on mischief. 23 For 
they said unto me. Make us gods which shall go before us. 

Am. 2: 11 I raised up of your sons for prophets, and of your 
young men for Nazarites. Is it not even thus, O ye children 
of Israel ? saith the Lord. 12 But ye gave the Nazarites 
wine to drink ; and commanded tlie prophets, saying, Prophesy 
not 

467. Tricds and persecutions of faithful ministers. 

Jer. 2: 30 In vain have I smitten your children ; they re- 
ceived no correction: your own sword hath devoured your 
prophets, like a destroying lion. — 15: 10 Wo is me, my 
mother, that thou hast borne me a man of strife and a man of 
contention to the whole earth ! I have neither lent on usury, 
nor men have lent to me on usury; yet every one of them doth 
curse me. 

Ezk. 33: 30 Also, thou son of man, the children of thy peo- 
ple still are talking against thee by the walls and in the doors 
of the houses. 

Mat. 10: 16 Behold, I send you forth as sheep in the midst 
of wolves : be ye therefore wise as serpents, and harmless as 
doves. 17 But beware of men : for they will deliver you up 
to the councils, and they will scourge you in their synagogues. 
18 And ye shall be brought before governors and kings for 
my sake, for a testimony against them and the Gentiles. 22 
And ye shall be hated of all men for my jiame's sake : but he 
820 



lOKISTERIAL TRUSTS, TRIALS, REWARDS. 467 



Trials and Persecutions of Ministers. 



that endureth to the end shall be saved. 23 But when they 
persecute you in this city, flee ye into another : for verily I 
say unto you, Ye shall not have gone over the cities of Israel 
till the Son of man be come. 24 The disciple is not above 
his master, nor the servant above his lord. 25 It is enough 
for the disciple that he be as his master, and the servant as his 
lord : if they have called the master of the house Beelzebub, 
how much more shaU they call them of his household? — 23: 34 
Behold, I send unto you prophets, and wise men, and scribes ; 
and some of them ye shall kill and crucify, and some of them 
shall ye scourge in your synagogues, and persecute them from 
city to city. 

Jn. 1 6: 33 These things I have spoken unto you, that in me 
ye might have peace. In the world ye shall have tribulation, 
but be of good cheer: I have overcome the worid. — 17: 14 I 
have given them thy word ; and the worid hath hated them, 
because they are not of the world, even as I am not of the 
world. 

Ac. 5: 40 To him they agreed : and when they had called 
the apostles, and beaten them, they commanded that they should 
not speak in the. name of Jesus, and let them go. 41 And 
they departed from the presence of the council, rejoicing that 
they were counted worthy to suffer shame for his name. 

Ac 7: 52 Which of the prophets have not your fathers per- 
secuted ? and they have slain them which shewed before of 
the coming of the Just One ; of whom ye have been now the 
betrayers and murderers. — 9: 15 The Lord said unto him, 
Go thy way : for he is a chosen vessel unto me, to bear my 
name before the Gentiles, and kings, and the children of Israel. 
16 For I will show him how great things he must suffer for 
my name's sake. — 20: 23 Save that the Holy Ghost witnesseth 
in every city, saying, that bonds and afflictions abide me. 

1 Cor. 4: 9 I think that God hath set forth us the apostles 
last, as it were appointed to death : for we are made a spectacle 
unto the world, and to angels, and to men. 1 1 Even unto 
this present hour we both hunger, and thirst, and are naked, 
and are boffeted, and have no certain dwelling-place; 12 
And labor, working with our own hands. Being reviled, we 
bless ; being persecuted, we suffer it; 13 Being defamed, we 
entreat : we are made as the filth of the world, and are the 
off-scouring of all things unto this day. 

2 Cor. 1: 5 As the sufferings of Christ abound in us, so our 
consolation also aboundeth by Christ. 6 And whether we be 
afflicted, it is for your consolation and salvation, which is effec- 
tual in the enduring of the same sufferings which we also 

821 



407 MU i lgTgmA L TRUSTS, TRIALS, RKWASD^ 

Trials and Peneeatioiia of lUiurten. 

suffer : or whether we be comforted, it is for joor oonsolatioa 
and salvation. 7 And our hope of you is stead&ist, knowing 
that as je are partakers of the sufferings, so shall ye be also of 
the consolation. — 4: 8 We are troubled on every side, yet not 
distressed ; tee are perplexed, but not in despair ; 9 Perseca- 
ted, but not forsaken ; cast down, but not destroyed ; 10 Al- 
ways bearing about in the body the d3ring of the Lord Jesos, 
that the life also of Jesus might be made manifest in oar body. 
11 For we which live are alwavs delivered unto death for 
Jesus' sake, that the life also of Jesus might be made manifest 
in our mortal ffesh. — 6: 4 In all things approving ourselves as 
the ministers of God, in much patience, in afflictions, in neces- 
sities, in distresses, 5 In stripes, in imprisonments, in tumults, 
in labors, in watchings, in fastings ; 8 By honor and dishonor, 
by evil report and good report ; as deceivers, and yel true ; 
9 As unknown, and yet well known ; as dying, and behold, we 
live; as chastened, and not killed; 10 As sorrowful, yet al- 
ways rejoicing; as poor, yet making many rich; as having 
nothing, and yet possessing all things. — 11: 23 Are they min- 
isters of Chnst ? (I spc^ as a fool) I am more ; in labors 
more abundant, in stripes above measure, in prisons more fre- 
quent, in deaths oft- 24 Of the Jews five times received J 
forty stripes save one. 25 Thrice was I beaten with rods, 
once was I stoned, thrice I suffered shipwreck, a night and a 
day I have been in the deep ; 26 In joumeyings often, in 
perils of waters, in perils of robbers, in perils by mine own 
countrymen, in perils by the heathen, in perils in the city, in 
perils in the wilderness, in perils in the sea, in perils among 
fidse brethren ; 27 In weariness and painfulness, in watchings 
<rfien, in hunger and thirst, in fastings often, in cold and naked- 
ness. 32 In Damascus the governor under Aretas the king 
kept the city of the Damascenes with a garrison, desirous to 
apprehend me : 33 And through a window in a basket was I 
let down by the wall, and escaped his hands. 

GaL 1: 10 Do I now persuade men, or Grod? or do I seek 
to please men ? for if I yet pleased men, I should not be th« 
servant of Christ — 5: 111, brethren, if I yet preach circum- 
cision, why do I yet suffer persecution ? then is the offence of 
the cross ceased. 

1 Th. 3: 3 That no man should be moved by these afflic- 
tions : for yourselves know that we are appointed thereunto, 
4 For verily, when we were with you, we told you before that 
we should suffer tribulation ; even as it came to pass, and ye 
know. 

2 Tim. 2: 3 Thoa therefore endorq hardness, as a good 

822 



lORIflTERIAL TRUSTS, TBIALS, SEWAXD8. 468, 469 

Ifiniaterial Sueoeas. 

soldier of Jesus Christ. 9 Wherein I suffer trouble, as an 
eyil-doer, even unto bonds ; but the word of God is not bound. 
—3: 11 Persecutions, afflictions, which came unto me at An- 
tioch, at Iconium, at Ljstra, what persecutions I endured : but 
out of them all the Lord delivered me. 12 Yea, and all thai 
"will live godly in Christ Jesus shall suffer persecution. 

Bev. 1: 9 I John, who also am jour brother, and companion 
in tribulation, and in the kingdom and patience of Jesus Christ, 
was in the isle that is called Patmos, for the word of Grod, and 
for the testimony of Jesus Christ [See 68, 511.] 

468. Success in preaching promised, encouraged, and exemplified, 

Jer. 23: 22 If they had stood in my counsel, and had 
caused my people to hear my words, then they should have 
turned them from, their evil way, and from the evil of their 
doings. 

Dan. 12: 3 They that be wise, shall shine as the brightness 
of the firmament ; and they that turn many to righteousness, 
as the stars for ever and ever. 

Mk. 1: 17 Jesus said unto them. Come ye after me, and I 
will make you to become fishers of men. 

Jn. 4: 36 He that reapeth receiveth wages, and gathereth 
fruit unto life eternal : that both he that soweth, and he that 
reapeth, may rejoice together. 

Ac 11: 24 He was a good man, and full of the Holy Ghost, 
and of faith : and much people was added unto the Lord.— 
14: 1 It came to pass in Iconium, that they went both to- 
gether into the synagogue of the Jews, and so spake, that a 
great multitude, both of the Jews, and also of the Greeks, 
believed. 

1 Tim. 4: 16 Take heed unto thyself, and unto the doctrine; 
continue in them : for in doing this thou shalt both save thy- 
self, and them that hear thee. [See 432.] 

469. h present success always in proportion to faithfulness f 

Is. 49: 4 I said, I have labored in vain, I have spent my 
strength for nought, and in vain ; yet surely my judgment is 
with the LoBD, and my work with my Grod. 5 And now, 
saith the Lord that formed me from the womb to be}ns ser- 
vant, to bring Jacob again to him. Though Israel be not gath- 
ered, yet shall I be glorious in the eyes of the Lord, and my 
Grod shall be my strength. — 53: 1 Who hath believed our 
report ? and to whom is the arm of the Lord revealed ? 

£zk. 3: 7 The house of Israel will not hearken unto thee; 

323 



470 XINISTBBIAL TRUSTS, TBIALS, BEWABD8. 

Ministers encouraged. 

for they will not hearken unto me : for all the house of Israel 
care impudent and hard-hearted. 

Jn. 12: 37 Though he had done so many miracles before 
them, yet they believed not on him : 38 That the saying of 
Esaias the prophet might be fulfilled, which he spake, Lord, 
who hath believed our report ? and to whom hath the arm of 
the Lord been revealed ? 39 Therefore they could not believe, 
because that Esaias said again, 40 He hath blinded their 
eyes, and hardened their heart ; that they should not see with 
ikeir eyes, nor understand with their heart, and be converted, 
and I should heal them. 

Ac 13: 46 Then Paul and Barnabas waxed bold, and said, 
It was necessary that the word of God should first have been 
spoken to you : but seeing ye put it from you, and judge your- 
selves unworthy of everlasting life, lo, we turn to the Gentiles. 

[See 435.] 

470. Faithful ministers encouraged and rewarded by God. 

Jer. 1: 18 For behold, I have made thee this day a defenced 
city, and an iron pillar, and brazen walls against the whole 
land, against the kings of Judah, against the princes thereof, 
against the priests thereof, and against the people of the land. 
19 And they shall fight against thee ; but they shall not pre- 
vail against thee ; for I am with thee, saith the Lobd, to de- 
liver thee. — 15: 19 Thus saith the Lord, If thou return, then 
will I bring thee again, and thou shalt stand before me : and 
if thou take forth the precious from the vile, thou shalt be as 
my mouth : let them return unto thee ; but return not thou 
unto them. 20 And I will make thee unto this people a fenced 
brazen wall : and they shall fight against thee, but they shall 
not prevail against thee : for I am with thee to save thee and 
to deliver thee, saith the Lord. 21 And I will deliver thee out 
of the hand of the wicked, and I will redeem thee out of the 
hand of the terrible. 

Ezk. 3: 8 Behold, I have made thy face strong against their 
faces, and thy forehead strong against their foreheads. 9 As 
an adamant, harder than flint have I made thy forehead : fear 
them not, neither be dismayed at their looks, though they he a 
rebellious house. 

Mat. 28: 20 Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever 
I have commanded you : and lo, I am with you alway, even 
unto the end of the world. 

Lk. 6: 22 Blessed are ye when men shall hate you, and 
when they shall separate you from their company ^ and shall 
reproach yow, and cast out your name as eviL for the Son of 
324 



MINISTEBI4J« TEU8TS, TBIAL6, KEWARDS. 471, 472 



Ministers to be prayed for — Ministerial Support. 



man's sake. 23 Rejoice ye in that day, and leap for joy : for 
behold, your reward is great in heaven. — 21: 15 I will give 
you a mouth and wisdom, which all your adversaries shall not 
be able to gainsay nor resist. 

2 Tim. 4: 7 I have fought a good fight, I have finished my 
course, I have kept the faith : 8 Henceforth there is laid up 
for me a crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous 
Judge, shall give me at that day : and not to me only, but unto 
all them also that love his appearing. [See 630.] 

471. Faithfvl ministers to he prayed for. 

Ep. 6: 18 Praying always with all prayer and supplication 
in the Spirit, and watching thereunto with all perseverance and 
supplication for all saints; 19 And for me, that utterance 
may be given unto me, that I may open my mouth boldly, to 
make known the mystery of the gospel. 

1 Th. 5: 25 Brethren, pray for us. 

2 Th. 3: 1 Finally, brethren, pray for us, that the word of 
the Lord may have free course, and be glorified, even as it is 
with you ; 2 And that we may be delivered from unreasonable 
and wicked men: for all rnen have not faith. 

472. Faithfd ministers should be svpported. 

Num. 18: 21 Behold, I have given the children of Levi all 
the tenth in Israel for an inheritance, for their service which 
they serve, even the service of the tabernacle of the congre- 
gation. 

Mai. 3: 10 Bring ye all the tithes into the storehouse, that 
there may be meat in my house. 

Mat. 10: 9 Provide neither gold, nor silver, nor brass in your 
purses; 10 Nor scrip for your journey, neither two coats, 
neither shoes, nor yet staves : (for the workman is worthy of 
his meat.) 

Jn. 13: 20 Verily, verily, I say unto you. He that receiveth 
whomsoever I send, receiveth me ; and he that receiveth me, 
receiveth him that sent me. 

1 Cor. 9: 11 If we have sown unto you spiritual things, is it 
a great thing if we shall reap your carnal things ? 13 I)o ye 
not know ihkt they which minister about holy things live oflM 
things of the temple, and they which wait at the altar are par- 
takers with the altar ? 14 Even so hath the Lord ordained 
that they which preach the gospel should live of the gospel. 

Gal. 6: 6 Let him that is taught in the word, communicate 
tinto him that teacheth in all good things. 

1 Th. 5: 12 We beseech you, lt)rethren, to know them wluch 

28 325 



473,474 MnasTEBS of satan. 



Ntimeroas — deceitftil. 



labor among you, and are over jou in the Lord, and admonish 
you ; 13 And to esteem them very highly in love for their 
work's sake. And be at peace among yourselves. 

1 Tim. 5: 17 Let the elders that rule well, be counted wor- 
thy of double honor, especially they who labor in the word and 
doctrine. 18 For the scripture saith, Thou shalt not muzzle 
the ox that treadeth out the com. And, The laborer is worthy 
of his reward. 



MINISTERS OF SATAN. 

473. FdUe and unfaithfid ministers numerous, 

1 K. 18: 22 Then said Elijah unto the people, I, even I only, 
remain a prophet of the Lord ; but Baal's prophets are four 
hundred and fifly men. 

Jer. 10: 21 The pastors are become brutish, and have not 
sought the Lord : therefore they shall not prosper, and all 
their flocks shall be scattered. 

Mat 7: 22 Many mil say to me in that day. Lord, Lord, 
have we not prophesied in thy name ? and in thy name have 
cast out devils ? and in thy name done many wonderful works ? 
23 And then I will profess unto them I never knew you : de- 
part from me, ye that work iniquity. — 24: 5 Many shall come 
in my name, sa3ring, I am Christ ; and shall deceive many. 
11 And many false prophets shall rise, and shall deceive many. 

1 Jn. 4: 1 Beloved, believe not every spirit, but try the 
spirits whether they are of God : because many false prophets 
are gone out into the world. 

2 Jn. 7 Many deceivers are entered into the world, who 
confess not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh. This is a 
deceiver, and an antichrist. 

474. False and unfaithful ministers deceitful. 

Jer. 6: 14 They have healed also the hurt of the daughter 
of my people slightly, saying. Peace, peace ; when there is no 
peace. 

Ezk. 13: 10 They have seduced my people, saying, Peace ; 
and there was no peace ; and one built up a wall, and lo, others 
daubed it with untempered mortar. 18 Wo to the women that 
sew piUows to all arm-holes, and make kerchiefs upon the head 
of every statue to hunt souls ! 22 Because with lies ye have 
made the heart of the righteous sad, whom I have not made 
sad ; and strengthened the hands of the wicked, that he should 
not return from his wicked way by promising him life. 
826 



miTISTEBS OF SATAN. 475 



Cruel, dangerous and despicable. 



Mat 7: 15 Beware of false prophets, whioh come to you in 
sheep's clothing, but inwardly they are ravening wolves. — 
24: 11 Many false prophets shall rise, and shall deceive many. 
24 There shall arise false Christs, and false prophets, and 
shall shew great signs and wonders ; insomuch that, if it were 
possible, they shall deceive the very elect. 

Bom. 16: 17 I beseech you, brethren, mark them which 
cause divisions and offences, contrary to the doctrine which ye 
have learned ; and avoid them. 18 For they that are such 
serve not our Lord Jesus Christ, but their own belly ; and 
by good words and Mr speeches deceive the hearts of the 
simple. 

2 Cor. 11: 13 Such are false apostles, deceit^l workers, 
transforming themselves into the apostles of Christ. 14 And 
no marvel ; for Satan himself is transformed into an angel of 
light. 15 Therefore it is no great thing if his ministers also 
be transformed as the ministers of righteousness ; whose end 
shall be according to their works. 

Ep. 4: 14 That we henceforth be no more children, tossed to 
and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the 
sleight of men, ctnd cunning craftiness, whereby they lie in wait 
to deceive. 

2 Tim. 3: 13 Evil men and seducers shall wax worse and 
worse, deceiving, and being deceived. 

Tit 1: 10 There are many unruly and vain talkers and de- 
ceivers, especially they of the circumcision: 11 Whose 
mouths must be stopped, who subvert whole houses, teaching 
things which they ought not, for filthy lucre's sake. 

2 Pet 2: 3 Through covetousness shall they with feigned 
words make merchandise of you : whose judgment now of a 
long time lingereth not, and their danmation slumbereth not 

[See 15, 198, 702.] 

475. Fcdse and unfaithful teachers crudj dangerous and despicable — 
Uireats. 

Is. 3: 12 O my people, they which lead thee cause thee to 
err, and destroy the way of thy paths. — 9: 15 The ancient 
and honorable, he is the head ; and the prophet that teacheth 
lies, he is the taiL 16 For the leaders of this people cause 
them to err ; and they that are led of them are destroyed. 

Jer. 23: 1 Wo be unto the pastors that destroy and scatter 
the sheep of my pasture ! saith the Lord. 2 Therefore thus 
saith the Lord God of Isi*ael against the pastors that feed my 
people ; Ye have scattered my flock, and driven them away, 
and have not visited them : behold, I will visit upon you the 

827 



475 MniiSTEBS or batah. 

Cmri, daageroofl and despk»ble. 

evil of your doings, saith the Lord. 14 I have seen also in 
the prophets of Jerusalem a horrible thing : the j cmnmit adol- 
terj, and walk in lies : thej strengthen also the hands o£ evil- 
doers, that none doth return from his wickedness : they are aQ 
of them unto me as Sodom, and the inhabitants thereof as 
Gromorrah. 15 Therefore thus saith the Lord ci hosts ccm- 
oeming the prophets ; Behold, I will feed them with wormwood, 
and make them drink the water of gaU : for from the prophets 
of Jerusalem is profaneness gone forth into all the land. 32 
Behold, I am against them that prophesy false dreams, saith the 
Lord, and do tell them, and cause my people to err by their 
lies, and by their lightness; yet I sent them not, nor com- 
manded them : therefore they shaU not profit this people at all, 
saith the Lord. 

Ezk. 13: 22 With lies ye have made the heart of the right- 
eous sad, whom I have not made sad ; and strengthened the 
hands of the wicked, that he should not return from his wicked 
way, by promising him life. — 22: 25 There is a conspiracy of 
her prophets in the midst thereof, like a roaring lion ravening 
the prey; they have devoured souls; they have taken the 
treasure and precious things ; they have made her many widows 
in the midst thereof. 26 Her priests have violated my law, 
and have profaned my holy things : they have put no differ- 
ence between the holy and pro&ne, neither have they shewed 
difference between the unclean and the clean, and have hid 
their eyes from my Sabbaths, and I am profaned among them. 
27 Her princes in the midst thereof are like wolves ravening 
the prey, to shed blood, and to destroy souls, to get dishonest 
gain. 28 And her prophets have daubed them with untem- 
pered mortar, seeing vanity, and divining lies unto them, saying, 
Thus saith the Lord God, when the Lord hath not spoken. 
31 Therefore have I poured out mine indignation upon them ; 
I have consumed them with the fire of my wrath : their own 
way have I recompensed upon their heads, saith the Lord God. 
— 34: 2 Son of man, prophesy against the shepherds of Israel, 
prophesy, and say unto them, Thus saith the Lord GrOD unto 
the shepherds ; Wo he to the shepherds of Israel that do feed 
themselves ! should not the shepherds feed the flocks ? 3 Ye 
eat the &t, and ye clothe you with the wool, ye kill them that 
are fed : but ye feed not the flock. 4 The diseased have ye 
not strengthened, neither have ye healed that which was sick, 
neither have ye bound up that which was broken, neither have 
ye brought again that which was driven away, neither have 
ye sought that which was lost ; but with force and with cruelty 
nave ye ruled them. 10 Thus saith the Lord God ; Behd^ 
a28 



imnSTEBS OF SATAN. 475 

Cruel, dangerous and despicable. 

I am against the shepherds ; and I will require mj flock at 
their hand, and cause them to cease from feeding the flock ; 
neither shall the shepherds feed themselves any more ; for I 
will deliver my flock from their mouth, that they may not be 
meat for them. 

Mai. 2: 8 Ye are departed out of the way ; ye have caused 
many to stumble at the law; ye have corrupted the cove- 
nant of Levi, saith the Lord of hosts. 9 Therefore have I 
also made you contemptible and base before all the people, 
according as ye have not kept my ways, but have been partial 
in the law. 

Mat. 23: 14 Wo unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites I 
for ye devour widows' houses, and for a pretence make long 
prayer : therefore ye shall receive the greater damnation. 
15 Wo unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye 
compass sea and land to make one proselyte ; and when he 
is made, ye make him two-fold more the child of hell than 
yourselves. 16 Wo unto you, ye blind guides! which say, 
Whosoever shall swear by the temple, it is nothing ; but who- 
soever shall swear by the gold of the temple, he is a debtor. 
17 Ye fools, and blind ! for whether is greater, the gold, or the 
temple that sanctifieth the gold ? 23 Wo unto you, scribes 
and Pharisees, hypocrites ! for ye pay tithe of mint, and anise, 
and cummin, and have omitted the weightier matters of the 
law, judgment, mercy, and faith : these ought ye to have done, 
and not to leave the other undone. 24 Ye blind guides, 
which strain at a gnat, and swallow a camel. 27 Wo unto 
you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites ! for ye are like unto 
whited sepulchres, which indeed appear beautiful outward, but 
are within full of dead merCs bones, and of all uncleanness. 
28 Even so ye also outwardly appear righteous unto men, but 
within ye are full of hypocrisy and iniquity. 33 Ye serpents, 
ye generation of vipers, how can ye escape the damnation of 
hell? 

Lk. 6: 26 Wo unto you, when all men shall speak well of 
you! for so did their fathers to the false prophets. — 11: 52 
Wo unto you, lawyers ! for ye have taken away the key of 
knowledge : ye entered not in yourselves, and them that were 
entering in ye hindered. 

Ac. 20: 29 I know this, that after my departing shall grievous 
wolves enter in among you, not sparing the flock. 30 Also 
of your own selves shall men arise, speaking perverse things, 
to draw away disciples after them. 

2 Pet. 2: 1 There were false prophets also among the 
people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who 

28* 329 



4709 ^77 KINISTEBS OP SATAN. 

Sought after — To be ayoided. 

privily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the 
liOrd that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift 
destruction. 2 And many shall follow their pernicious ways ; 
by reason of whom the way of truth shall be evil spoken o£ 
3 And through covetousness shall they with feigned words 
make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long 
time lingereth not^ and their damnati(m slumbereth not. 
[See 175-7.] 

476. Poise and unfaithful teachers^ sought after. 

Jer. 5: 30 A wonderful and horrible thing is committed in 
the land ; 31 The prophets prophesy falsely, and the priests 
bear rule by their means ; and my people love to hceve it so : 
and what will ye do in the end thereof ? 

Jn. 5: 43 I am come in my Father's name, and ye receive 
me not : if another shall come in his own name. Mm ye will 
receive. 

2 Tim. 4: 2 Preach the word : be instant in season, out of 
season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all lobg-suffering and 
doctrine. 3 The time will come, when they will not endure 
sound doctrine ; but afier their own lusts shall they heap to 
themselves teachers, having itching ears ; 4 And diey shall 
torn away their ears from the truth, and shall be turned unto 
fia)les. [See 175, 704.] 

477. False teachers to he avoided — catdions. 

!Pr. 19: 27 Cease, my son, to hear the instruction that causeth 
to err from the words of knowledge. 

Mat. 7: 15 Beware of false prophets, which come to you in 
sheep's clothing, but inwardly they are ravening wolves. — 1 5: 14 
Let them alone : they be blind leaders of the blind. — 24: 4 
Jesus answered and said unto them. Take heed that no man 
deceive you. 

Mk. 4: 24 He said unto them. Take heed what ye hear. 

Lk. 21: 8 He said, Take heed that ye be not deceived: for 
many shall come in my name, saying, I am Christ ; and the 
time draweth near : go ye not therefore after them. 

Hom. 1 6: 17 I beseech you, brethren, mark them which cause 
divisions and offences, contrary to the doctrine which ye have 
learned ; and avoid them. 

1 Cor. 15: 33 Be not deceived : Evil communications corrupt 
good manners. 

Gal. 1: 7 There be some that trouble you, and would pervert 
the gospel of Christ 8 But though we, or an angel from 

330 



MIBTH AKD LAUGHTER. 478,479 

Common — Nature and tendency of. 

heaven, preach any other gospel unto you than that which we 
have preached unto you, let him be accursed. 

Ph. 3: 2 Beware of dogs, beware of evil-workers, beware of 
the concision ; S For we are the circumcision, which worship 
God in the Spirit, and rejoice in Christ Jesus, and have no 
confidence in the flesh. 

1 Tim. 6: 3 If any man teach otherwise,* and consent not to 
wholesome words, even the words of our Lord Jesus Christ, 
and to the doctrine which is according to godliness, 4 He is 
proud, knowing nothing, but doting about questions and strifes 
of words, whereof cometh envy, strife, railings, evil surmisings, 
5 Perverse disputings of men of corrupt minds, and destitute 
of the truth, supposing that gain is godliness : from such with- 
draw thyself. 

2 Jn. 10 If there come any unto you, and bring not this 
doctrine, receive him not into your house, neither bid him Gk)d 
speed : 11 For he that biddeth him God speed, is partaker of 
his evil deeds. [See 18, 112, 175-7.] 

478. False teachers destroy themselves and others. 

Mat 15: 14 Let them alone: they be blind leaders of the 
blind. And if the blind lead the blind, both shall fall into the 
ditch. — 23: 13 Wo unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypo- 
crites I for ye shut up the kingdom of heaven against men : 
for ye neither go in yourselves^ neither suffer ye them that are 
entering, to go in. 15 Wo unto you, scribes and Pharisees, 
hypocrites ! for ye compass sea and land to make one prose- 
lyte ; and when he is made, ye make him two-fold more the 
child of hell than yourselves. 

MIRTH AND LAUGHTER. . 

479. Mankind prone to mirth — nature and tendency of. 

Job 21: 11 They send forth their little ones like a flock, and 
their children dance. 12 They take the timbrel and harp, and 
rejoice at the sound of the organ. 13 They spend their days 
in wealth, and in a moment go down to the grave. 14 There- 
fore they say unto Gx>d, Depart from us ; for we desire not the 
knowledge of thy ways. 

Pr. 14: 13 Even in laughter the heart is sorrowful ; and 
the end of that mirth is heaviness. — 21: 17 He that loveth 
pleasure shaR he a poor man : he that loveth wine and oil shall 
not be rich. 

Ec. 2: 1 I said in my heart. Go to now, I will prove thee 
with mirth; therefore enjoy pleasure: and beh(dd, this also M 

331 



480 MISSIONS. 



Needed and appointed. 



vanity. 2 I said of laughter, It is mad : and of mirth. What 
doeth it? 10 Whatsoever mine eyes desired I kept not fix>m 
them, I withheld not my heart from any joy ; for my heart 
rejoiced in all my labor : and this was my portion of all my 
labor. 11 Then I looked on all the works that my hands had 
wrought, and on the labor that I had labored to do : and behold, 
all wax vanity and vexation of spirit, and there was no profit 
under the sun. — 7: 2 It is better to go to the house of mourn- 
ing, than to go to the house of feasting : for that is the end of 
all men ; and the living will lay it to his heart. 3 Sorrow is 
better than laughter : for by the sadness of the countenance 
the heart is made better. 4 The heart of the wise is in the 
house of mourning ; but the heart of fools is in the house of 
mirth. — 11: 9 Rejoice, O young man, in thy youth; and let 
thy heart cheer thee in the days of thy youth, and walk in 
the ways of thine heart, and in the sight of thine eyes : but 
know thou, that for all these things Grod will bring ihee into 
judgn^ent. 10 Therefore remove sorrow from thy heart, and 
put away evil from thy flesh: for childhood and youth are 
vanity. 

Lk. 6: 25 Wo unto you that are full ! for ye shall hunger. 
Wo unto you that laugh now ! for ye shall mourn and weep. 

1 Cor. 10: 7 Neither be ye idolaters, as were some of them : 
as it is written, The people sat down to eat and drink, and rose 
up to play. 

2 Pet 2: 13 And shall receive the reward of unrighteous- 
ness, as they that count it pleasure to riot in the day-time. 
Spots they are and blemishes, sporting themselves with their 
own deceivings while they feast with you. [See 698, 711.] 



MISSIONS. 
480. Missions needed and divinely appointed. 

Ps. 9: 17 The wicked shall be turned into hell, and all the 
nations that forget Grod — 74: 20 Have respect unto the cove- 
nant : for the dark places of the earth are full of the habitations 
of cruelty. 

Mat 28: 19 Go ye therefore and teach all nations, baptizing 
them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the 
Holy Ghost ; 20 Teaching them to observe all thhigs whatso- 
ever I have commanded you : and lo, I am with you always, 
even unto the end of the world. 

Mk. 16: 15 He said unto them, Go ye into all the world, and 
pieach the gospel to every creature. 
832 



MISSIONS — MODESTY. 481, 482 

MiflskmB encouraged— 'Modesty required. 

Bom. 2: 12 As many as haVe sinned witbout law, shall also 
perish without law : and as many as have sinned in the law, 
shall be judged by the law. — 10: 14 How then shall they call 
on him in whom they have not believed ? and how shall they 
believe in him of whom they have not heard ? and how shall 
they hear without a preacher ? 15 And how shall they preach, 
except they be sent ? as it is written, How beautiful are the feet 
of them that preach the gospel of peace, and bring glad tidings 
of good things I [See 359, 448.] 

481. Encouragement of missions. 

Ps. 68: 31 Princes shall come out of Egypt ; Ethiopia shall 
soon stretch out her hands unto Grod. — 110: 3 Thy people 
shaU be willing in the day of thy power, in the beauties of 
holiness fix>m the womb of the morning : thou hast the dew of 
thy youth. 

Joel 2: 28 It shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour 
out my Spirit upon all flesh ; and your sons and your daughters 
shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young 
men shsdl see visions : 29 And also upon the servants and 
upon the handmaids in those days will I pour out my Spirit. 

Ac 28: 28 Be it known therefore unto you, that the salva- 
tion of God is sent unto the Gentiles, and that they will hear 
it. [See 90, 440.] 

MODESTY. 

482. Modesty and lowliness required. 

Pr. 25: 6 Put not forth thyself in the presence of the king ; 
and stand not in the place of great men ; ^ For better it is 
that it be said unto thee. Come up hither; than that thou 
shouldest be put lower in the presence of the prince whom 
thine eyes have seen. 

Mat. 11: 29 Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me : for 
I am meek and lowly in heart ; and ye shall find rest unto 
your souls. — 20: 26 It shall not be so among you : but who- 
soever will be great among you, let him be your minister : 27 
And whosoever will be cMef among you, let him be your ser- 
vant. 

Bom. 12: 3 I say, through the grace given unto me, to every 
man that is among you, not to think of himself more highly 
than he ought to think; but to think soberly, according as God 
hath dealt to every man the measure of faith. 10 & kindly 
aSectioned one to another with brotherly love; in honor pie- 
ferrinff oue aaother. 

333 



48S 485 NATIONAL. 



National Organizatioiu — PromJaes. 



1 Cor. 13: 4 Charity suffereth long, and is kind; charity 
enyieth not ; charity vaunteth not itself, is not puffed up. 

Gral. 5: 26 Let us not be desirous of vain-glory, provoking 
one another, envying one another. 

Ep. 4: 1 I therefore, the prisoner of the Lord, beseech you 
that ye walk worthy of the vocation wherewith ye are called, 
2 With all lowliness and meekness, with long-fiufiering, for- 
bearing one another in love. 

Ph. 2: 3 Let nothing be done through strife or vain-glory ; 
but in lowliness of mind let each esteem other better than 
themselves. [See 62, 437.] 

483 Modesty in good icorks. 

Mat. 6: 1 Take heed that ye do not your alms before men, 
to be seen of them : otherwise ye have no reward of your 
Father which is in heaven. 2 Therefore, when thou doest 
thine alms, do not sound a trumpet before thee, as the hypo- 
crites do, in the synagogues, and in the streets, that they may 
have glory of men. Verily I say unto you. They have their 
reward. 3 But when thou doest alms, let not tiiy left hand 
know what thy right hand doeth ; 4 That thine alms may be 
in secret : and thy Father which seeth in secret^ himself shall 
reward thee openly. [See 703.] 



NATIONAL. 

484. National organizations appointed. 

Gen. 21: 13 Of the son of the bond-woman will I make a 
nation, because he is thy seed. 

Dt. 32: 8 When the Most High divided to the nations their 
inheritance, when he separated the sons of Adam, he set the 
bounds of the people according to the number of the children 
of Israel. 

485. National promises and favors to the obedient. 

Ex. 19: 5 If ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my 
covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above 
all people : for all the earth is mine : 6 And ye shall be unto 
me a kingdom of priests, and an holy nation. 

Lev. 26: 3 If ye walk in my statutes and keep my com- 
mandments, and do them ; 4 Then I will give you rain in due 
season, and the land shall yield her increase, and the trees of 
the field shall yield their fruit : 6 And I will give peace in 
the land, and ye shall lie down, and none shall make you 
334 



KATIOXAL. 485 



Promises to the Obedient. 



afraid : and I will rid evil beasts out of the land, neither shall 
the sword go through your land. 7 And ye shall chase your 
enemies, and they shall fall before you by the sword. 8 And 
hve of you shall chase an hundred, and an hundred of you 
shall put ten thousand to flight : and your enemies shall fall 
before you by the sword. 9 For I will have respect unto you, 
and make you fruitful, and multiply you, and establish my 
covenant with you. 10 And ye shall eat old store, and bring 
forth the old because of the new. 11 And I will set my taber- 
nacle among you : and my soul shall not abhor you. 12 And 
I will walk among you, and will be your God, and ye shall be 
my people. 

Dt. 4: 5 Behold, I have taught you statutes, and judgments, 
even as the Lord my God commanded me, that ye should do 
so in the land whither ye go to possess it. 6 Keep therefore 
and do them : for this is your wisdom and your understanding, 
in the sight of the nations, which shall hear all these statutes, 
and say. Surely this great nation is a wise and understanding 
people. 40 Thou shalt keep therefore his statutes and his com- 
mandments which I command thee this day, that it may go 
well with thee, and with thy children after thee, and that thou 
mayest prolong thy days upon the earth, which the Lord thy 
God giveth thee, for ever. — 28: 1 It shall come to pass, if 
thou shalt hearken diligently unto the voice of the Lord thy 
God, to observe and to do all his commandments which I com- 
mand thee this day : that the Lord thy God will set thee on 
high above all nations of the earth: 2 And all these blessings 
shall come on thee, and overtake thee, if thou shalt hearken 
unto the voice of the Lord thy God. 3 Blessed shalt thou be 
in the city, and blessed shali thou be in the field. 4 Blessed 
shaU be the fruit of thy body, and the fruit of thy ground, 
and the fruit of thy cattle, the increase of thy kine, and the 
flocks of thy sheep. 5 Blessed shall be thy basket and thy 
store. 6 Blessed shak thou be when thou comest in, and 
blessed shalt thou be when thou goest out. 7 The Lord shall 
cause thine enemies that rise up against thee to be smitten 
before thy face : they shall come out against thee one way, 
and flee before thee seven ways. 8 The Lord shall conmiand 
the blessing upon thee in thy store-houses, and in all that thou 
settest thine hand unto : and he shall bless thee in the land 
which the Lord thy Grod giveth thee. 9 The Lord shall 
establish thee a holy people unto himself, as he hath sworn unto 
thee, if thou shalt keep the commandments of the Lord thy 
Grod, and walk in his ways. 10 And all people of the earth 
shall see that thou art called by the name of the Lord ; and 

335 



486 NATIONAL. 



Threats to the Disobedient 



they shall be afraid of thee. 11 And the Lord shall make 
thee plenteous in goods, in the fruit of thy body, and in the 
fruit of thy cattle, and in the fruit of thy ground, in the land 
which the Lord sware unto thy fathers to give thee. 12 The 
Lord shall open unto thee his good treasure, the heaven to 
give the rain unto thy land in his season, and to bless all the 
work of thine hand : and thou shalt lend unto many nations, 
and thou shalt not borrow. 13 And the Lord shall make thee 
the head, and not the tail ; and thou shalt be above only, and 
thou shalt not be beneath ; if that thou hearken unto the com- 
mandments of the Lord thy God, which I command thee this 
day, to observe and to do them. 

Ps. 81: 13 Oh that my people had hearkened unto me, and 
Israel had walked in my ways ! 14 1 should soon have sub- 
dued their enemies, and turned my hand against their adversa- 
ries. 15 The haters of the Lord should have submitted them- 
selves unto him : but their time should have endured for ever. 
16 He should have fed them also with the finest of the wheat: 
and with honey out of the rock should I have satisfied thee. 
[Lev. 26: 3—12. Dt. 4: 5, 6, 40, and 28: 1—13.] 

[See 302, 630, and Promises in the Lidex.] 

486. National threats and calamities for disobedience. 

Lev. 26: 14 If ye will not hearken unto me, and will not do 
all these commandments ; 15 And if ye shall despise my 
statutes, or if your soul abhor my judgments, so that ye will 
not do all my commandments, hut that ye break my covenant: 
16 I also will do this unto you, I will even appoint over you 
terror, consumption, and the burning ague, that shall consume 
the eyes, and cause sorrow of heart : and ye shall sow youi 
seed in vain ; for your enemies shall eat it. 17 And I will 
set my face against you, and ye shall be slain before your ene- 
mies : they that hate you shall reign over you, and ye shall 
flee when none pursueth you. 18 And if ye will not yet foi 
all this hearken unto me, then I will punish you seven times 
more for your sins. 19 And I will break the pride of your 
power ; and I will make your heaven as iron, and your earth 
as brass : 20 And your strength shall be spent in vain : for 
your land shall not yield her increase, neither shall the trees 
of the land yield their fruits. 21 And if ye walk contrary 
unto me, and will not hearken unto me, I will bring seven 
times more plagues upon you, according to your sins. 22 I 
will also send wild beasts among you, which shall rob you <rf 
your children, and destroy your cattle, and make you few in 
number, and your high-ways shall be desolate. 23 And if yo 
836 



NATIONAL. 486 



Threats to the Disobedient. 



will not be reformed by me by these things, but will walk con- 
trary unto me ; 24 Then will I also walk contrary unto you, 
nnd will punish you yet seven times for your sins. 25 And I 
will bring a sword upon you, that shall avenge the quarrel of 
my covenant : and when ye are gathered together within your 
cities, I will send the pestilence among you ; and ye shall be 
delivered into the hand of the enemy. 26 And when I have 
broken the staff of your bread, ten women shall bake your 
Dread in one oven, and they shall deliver you your bread again 
by weight : and ye shall eat, and not be satisfied. 27 And if 
ye will not for all this hearken unto me, but walk contrary 
to me : 28 Then I will walk contrary unto you also in fury ; 
and I, even I, will chastise you seven times for your sins. 29 
And ye shall eat the flesh of your sons, and the flesh of your 
daughters shall ye eat 30 And I will destroy your high 
places, and cut down your images, and cast your carcasses 
upon the carcasses of your idols, and my soul shall abhor you. 
31 And I will make your cities waste, and bring your sanc- 
tuaries unto desolation, and I will not smell the savor of your 
sweet odors. 32 And I will bring the land into desolation : 
and your enemies which dwell therein shall be astonished at 
it. 33 And I will scatter you among the heathen, and will 
draw out a sword after you : and your land shall be desolate, 
and your cities waste. 34 Then shall the land enjoy her sab- 
baths, as long as it lieth desolate, and ye he in your enemies' 
land : even then shall the land rest, and enjoy her sabbaths. 
35 As Ion/;; as it lieth desolate it shall rest ; because it did not 
rest in yror sabbaths, when ye dwelt upon it. -36 And upon 
them that are left alive of you, I will send a faintness into 
their hearts in the lands of their enemies ; and the sound of a 
shaken leaf shall chase them ; and they shall flee, as fleeing 
from a sword ; and they shall fall when none pursueth. 37 
Ajid they shall fall one upon another, as it were before a 
iword, when none pursueth : and ye shall have no power to 
«tand before your enemies. 38 And ye shall perish among 
the heathen, and the land of your enemies shall eat you up. 
39 And they that are left of you shall pine away in their ini- 
quity in your enemies* lands ; and also in the iniquities of their 
fathers shall they pine away with them. 

Dt. 4: 25 When thou shalt beget children, and children's 
children, and ye shall have remained long in the land, and 
shall corrupt yourselves, and make a graven image, or the like- 
ness of any thing, and shall do evil in the sight of the Lord 
thy Grod, to provoke him to anger, 26 I call heaven and earth 
to witness against you this day, that ye shall soon utterly per- 

29 337 



486 NATIOXAL. 



Threats to the Disobedient. 



ifih from off the land whereunto ye go over Jordan to possess 
it : ye shall not prolong your days upon it, but shall utterly be 
destroyed. 27 And the Lord shall scatter you among the 
nations, and ye shall be lefl few in number among the heathen, 
"whither the Lord shall lead you. — 28: 15 It shall come to 
pass, if thou wilt not heai^en unto the voice of the Lord thy 
God, to observe to do all his commandments and his statutes 
which I command thee this day ; that all these curses shall 
come upon thee: 16 Cursed skcdt thou he in the city, and 
cursed Bhali thou he in the field. 17 Cursed shaJH he thy bas- 
ket and thy store. 18 Cursed shall he the fruit of thy body, 
and the fruit of thy land, the increase of thy kine, and the 
flocks of thy sheep. 19 Cursed 5Aa& thou he when thou comest 
in, and cursed shaU thou he when thou goest out. 20 The 
Lord shall send upon thee cursing, vexation, and rebuke, in 
all that thou settest thine hand unto for to do^ until thou be de- 
stroyed, and until thou perish quickly : because of the wicked- 
ness of thy doings whereby thou hast forsaken me. 21 The 
Lord shall make the pestilence cleave unto thee, until he have 
consumed thee from off the land, whither thou goest to possess 
it. 22 The Lord shall smite thee with a consumption, 
and with a fever, and with an inflammation, and with 
im extreme burning, and with the sword, and with blast- 
ing, and with mildew: and they shall pursue thee until 
thou perish. 23 And thy heaven that is over thy head shall 
be brass, and the earth that is unde^ thee shaU he iron. 24 
The Lord shall make the rain of thy land powder and dust : 
from heaven snail it come down upon thee, imtil thou be de- 
stroyed. 25 The Lord shall cause thee to be smitten before 
thine enemies : thou shalt go out one way against them, and 
flee seven ways before them; and shalt be removed into 
all the kingdoms of the earth. 33 The fruit of thy land, and 
all thy labors, shall a nation which thou knowest not eat up : 
and thou shalt be only oppressed and crushed alway. 37 And thou 
shalt become an astonishment, a proverb, and a by-word, among 
all nations whither the Lord shall lead thee. 38 Thou shalt car- 
ry much seed out into the field, and shalt gather hui little in : 
for the locust shall consume it. . 39 Thou shalt plant vineyards 
and dress them, but shalt neither drink of the wine, nor gather 
the grapes : for the worms shall eat them. 40 Thou shalt have 
olive-trees throughout all thy coasts, but thou shalt not anoir-t 
thyself with the oil ; for thine olive shall cast his fruit, 41 
Thou shalt beget sons and daughters, but thou shalt not eigoy 
them : for they shall go into captivity. 42 All thy trees and 
fruit of thy land shaU the locusts consume. 43 The stranger 
338 



NATIONAL. 486 



Threats to the Disobedient. 



that ts within thee shall get up above thee very high ; and thou 
shalt come down very low. 44 He shall lend to thee, and 
thou shalt not lend to him : he shall be the head, and thou shalt 
be the taiL 45 Moreover, all these curses shall come upon 
thee, and shall pursue thee, and overtake thee, till thou be de- 
stroyed : because thou hearkenedst not unto the voice of the 
Lord thy Grod, to keep his commandments and his statutes 
which he commanded thee. 46 And they shall be upon thee 
for a sign and for a wonder, and upon thy seed for ever. 47 
Because thou servedstnot the Lord thy God with joyfulness and 
with gladness of heart, for the abundance of all things ; 48 
Therefore shalt thou serve thine enemies which the Lord shall 
send against thee, in hunger, and in thirst, and in nakedness, 
and in want of all things : and he shall put a yoke of iron upon 
thy neck, until he have destroyed thee. 58 K thou wilt not 
observe to do all the words of this law that are written in this 
book, that thou mayest fear this glorious and fearfiil name, 
THE LORD THY GOD ; 59 Then the Lord wiU make 
thy plagues wonderful, and the plagues of thy seed, even great 
plagues, and of long continuance, and sore sicknesses, and of 
long continuance. 62 And ye shall be left few in number, 
whereas ye were as the stars of heaven for multitude ; because 
thou wouldest not obey the voice of the Lord thy God. 63 
And it shall come to pass, that as the Lord rejoiced over you 
to do you good, and to multiply you ; so the Lord will rejoice 
over you to destroy you and to bring you to nought ; and ye 
shall be plucked from off the land whither thou goest to possess 
it. 66 And thy life shall hang in doubt before thee : and thou 
shalt fear day and night, and shalt have none assurance of thy 
life : 67 Li the morning thou shalt say. Would God it were 
even ! and at even thou shalt say. Would God it were morn- 
ing ! for the fear of thine heart wherewith thou shalt fear, and 
for the sight of thine eyes which thou shalt see. 

2 Ch. 24: 20 And the Spirit of God came upon Zechariah 
the son of Jehoiada the priest, which stood above the people, 
and said imto them. Thus saith God, Why transgress ye the 
conunandments of the Lord, that ye cannot prosper ? because 
ye have forsaken the Lord, he hath also forsaken you. 21 
And they conspired against him, and stoned him with stones at 
the commandment of the king, in the court of the house of the 
Lord. 22 Thus Joash the king remembered not the kindness 
which Jahoiada his father had done to him, but slew his son. 
And when he died, he said. The Lord look upon it, and re- 
quire it, 23 And it came to pass at the end of the year, that 
the host of Syria came up against him: and they came to 

uo9 



486 NATIONAL. 



Threats to tho Disobedient. 



Jadah and JertisaJem, and destroyed all the princes of the 
people from among the people, and sent all the spoil of them 
unto the king of Damascus. 24 For the army of the Syrians 
came with a small company of men, and the Lord delivered a 
very great host into their hand, because they had forsaken the 
Lord God of their fathers. So they executed judgment 
against Joash. 

Neh. 9: 25 They took strong cities, and a fat land, and pos- 
sessed bouses full of all goods, wells digged, vineyards and ofive- 
yards, and fioiit-trees in abundance : so they did eat, and were 
filled, and became fat, and delighted themselves in thy great 
goodness. 26 Nevertheless, they were disobedient, and re- 
belled against thee, and cast thy law behind their backs, and 
slew thy prophets which testified against them to turn them to 
thee, and they wrought great provocations. 27 Therefore thou 
deliveredst them into the hand of their enemies, who vexed 
them : and in the time of their trouble, when they cried unto 
thee, thou heardest them from heaven ; and according to thy 
manifold mercies thou gavest them saviours, who saved them 
out of the hand of their enemies. 28 But after they had rest, 
they did evil again before thee : therefore leftest thou them in 
the hand of their enemies, so that they had the dominion over 
them : yet when they returned and cried unto thee, thou heard- 
est them from heaven ; and many times didst thou deliver them 
according to thy mercies : 29 And. testifiedst against them, that 
thou mightest bi-ing them again unto thy law : yet they dealt 
proudly, and hearkened not unto thy commandments, but 
sinned against thy judgments, (which if a man do, he shall live 
in them ;) and withdrew the shoulder, and hardened their neck, 
and would not hear. 30 Yet many years didst thou forbear 
them, and testifiedst against them by thy Spirit in thy pro- 
phets : yet would they not give ear : therefore gavest thou 
them into the hand of the people of the lands. 

Jer. 44: 6 My fury and mine anger was poured forth, and 
was kindled in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusa- 
lem ; and they are wasted and desolate, as at this day. 7 There- 
fore now thus saith the Lord, the God of hosts, the God of 
Israel ; Wherefore commit ye this great evil against your 
souls, to cut off from you man and woman, child and suckling, 
out of Judah, to leave you none to remain : 8 In that ye pro- 
voke me unto wrath with the works of your hands, burning in- 
cense unto other gods in the land of Egypt, whither ye be gone 
to dwell, that ye might cut yourselves off, and that ye might 
be a curse and a reproach among all the nations of the earth ? 
9 Have ye forgotten the wickednesss of your fathers, and the 
840 



NEUTKAl^ITY — OPPRESSIOX. 487, 488 

Neutrality to Christ impossible — Specimens of Oppression. 

wickedness of the kings of Judab, and the wickedness of their 
wives, and your own wickedness, and the wickedness of your 
wives, whidi they have committed in the land of Judah, and 
in the streets of Jerusalem ? 10 They are not humbled even 
unto this day, neither have they feared, nor walked in my law, . 
nor in my statutes, that I set before you and before your 
fathers. 11 Therefore thus saith the Lord of hosts, the God 
of Israel ; Behold, I will set my face against you for evil, and 
to cut off all Judah. 

Ezk. 39: 23 The heathen shall know that the house of Israel 
went into captivity for their iniquity : because they trespassed 
against me, therefore hid I my face from them, and gave them 
into the haiid of their enemies : so feU they all by the sword. 
[Lev. 26: 14—39. Dt 28: 15—67. Neh. 9: 27—30. Jer. 
25: 8—14, and 44: 6—11.] 

[See 87, 303, 362, 381, 566, 630, 733, and Threats, in the 
Index.] 



NEUTRALITY. 
487. Neutrality towards Christ and his cause apparent, not reaL 

1 E[. 18: 21 Elijah came unto all the people, and said. How 
long halt ye between two opinions ? if the Lord he God, follow 
him : but if Baal, then follow him. And the people answered 
him not a word. 

Mat. 12: 30 He that is not with me, is against me ; and he 
that gathereth not with me, scattereth abroad. 

Mk. 9: 40 He that is not against us, is on our part. 

Rev. 3: 15 I know thy works, that thou art neither cold nor 
hot: I would thou wert cold or hot. 16 Because thou art 
lukewarm, and neither cold nor hot, I will spue thee out of nfy 
mouth. 



OPPRESSION. 

488. Specimens of ancient oppression. 

Ex. 5: 15 Then the officers of the children of Israel cam6 
and cried unto Pharaoh, saying. Wherefore dealest thou thus 
with thy servants ? 16 There is no straw given unto thy ser- 
vants, and they say to us. Make brick : and behold, thy servants 
are beateb ; but the fault is in thine own people, 17 But ha 
said, Ye are idle, ye are idle : therefore ye say. Let us go, and 
do sacrifice to the Lord. 18 Go therefore now, and woxk: 

29* 341 



489, 490 OPPRESSION. 



Effects of— God hates it. 



for there shall no straw be given you, yet shall ye deliver the 
tale of bricks. 19 And the officers of the children of Israel 
did see that they were in evil case, after it was said, Ye shall 
not minish aught from your bricks of your daily task. 

E^k. 22: 27 Her princes in the midst thereof arc like wolves 
ravening the prey, to shed blood, and to destroy souls, to get 
dishonest gain. 28 And her prophets have daubed them with 
untempered mortar, seeing vanity, and divining lies unto them, 
saying. Thus saith the Lord God, when the Lord hath not 
spoken. 29 The people of the land have used oppression, and 
exercised robbery, and have vexed the poor and needy : yea, 
they have oppressed the stranger wrongfully, 

Mic. 3: 2 Who hate the good, and love the evil ; who pluck 
off their skin from off them, and their flesh from off their 
bones ; 3 Who also eat the flesh of my people, and flay their 
skin from off them ; and they break their bones, and chop them 
in pieces, as for the pot, and as flesh within the caldron. 

Nah. 3: 1 Wo to the bloody city ! it is all full of lies and 
robbery ; the prey departeth not. [See 200(7), 681, 682.] 

489. Effects of oppression upon oppressors. 

Pr. 21: 7 The robbery of the wicked shall destroy them ; 
because they refuse to do judgment. 

Is. 30: 12 Thus saith the Holy One of Israel, Because ye 
despise this word, and trust in oppression and perverseness, and 
stay thereon: 13 Therefore this iniquity shall be to you as a 
breach ready to fall, swelling out in a lugh wall, whose break- 
ing Cometh suddenly at an instant. [See 733.] 

490. God notices and hates oppressors — Threats. 

Ex. 3: 7 The Lord said, I have surely seen the affliction 
of my people which are in Egypt, and have heard their cry by 
reason of their taskmasters ; for I know their sorrows : 9 Now 
therefore, behold, the cry of the children of Israel is come unto 
me : and I have also seen the oppression wherewith the Egyp- 
tians oppress them. 

Job 27: 13 This is the portion of a wicked man with Grod, 
and the heritage of oppressors, which they shall receive of 
the Almighty. 14 If his children be multiplied, it is for the 
Bword : and his offspring shall not be satisfied with bread. 

Ps. 12: 5 For the oppression of the poor, for the sighing of 
the needy, now will I arise, saith the Lord ; I will set him in 
Bafetjfrom him thai puffeth at him. — 72: 4 He shall judge the 
poor of the people, he shall savfe the children of the needy, and 
shall break in pieces the oppressor. 
342 



OPPBESSIOK. 490 



God hates it — Threats. 



Pr. 14: 31 He that oppresseth the poor reproacheth his 
Maker : but he that honoreth hun hath mercy on the poor. 

Ec. 5: 8 If thou seest the oppression of the poor, and vio- 
lent perverting of judgment and justice in a province, marvel 
not at the matter : for he that is higher than the highest regard- 
eth ; and there he higher than they. 

,Is. 61: 8 For I the Lord love judgment, I hate robbery for 
burnt-offering. 

Jer. 5: 27 As a cage is full of birds, so are their houses full 
of deceit : therefore they are become great, and waxen rich. 
28 They are waxen fat, they shine : yea, they overpass the 
deeds of the wicked : they judge not the cause, the cause of 
the fatherless, yet they prosper ; and the right of the needy do 
they not judge. 29 Shall I not visit for these things f saith 
the Lord : shall not my soul be avenged on such a nation as 
this? 

Ezk. 18: 10 If he beget a son that is a robber, a shedder of 
blood, and that doeth the like to any one of these things, 12 
Hath oppressed the poor and needy, hath spoiled by violence, 
hath not restored the pledge, and hath lifted up his eyes to the 
idols, hath committed abomination, 13 Hath given forth upon 
usury, and hath taken increase : shall he then live ? he shall 
not five : he hath done all these abominations ; he shall surely 
die ; his blood shall be upon him. — 22: 12 In thee have they 
taken gifts to shed blood ; thou hast taken usury and increase, 
and thou hast greedily gained of thy neighbors by extortion, 
and hast forgotten me, saith the Lord God. 13 Behold, there- 
fore I have smitten mine hand at thy dishonest gain which 
thou hast made, and at thy blood which hath been in the midst 
of thee. 14 Can thy heart endure,or can thy hands be strong, 
in the days that I shall deal with thee ? I the Lord have 
spoken it, and will do it. 29 The people of the land have 
used oppression, and exercised robbery, and have vexed the 
poor and needy : yea, they have oppressed the stranger wrong- 
fully. 31 Therefore have I poured out mine indignation upon 
them ; I have consumed them with the fire of my wrath : their 
own way have I recompensed upon their heads, saith the Lord 
God. 

Jam. 2: 13 He shall have judgment without mercy that hath 
shewed no mercy ; and mercy rejoiceth against judgment. — 
5: 4 Behold, the hire of the laborers who have reaped down 
your fields, which is of you kept back by fraud, crieth ; and 
the cries of them which have reaped are entered into the ears 
of the Lord of Sabaoth. [See 523, 636, 679.] 



843 



491 494 FARENTB. 

To set an example, infitruct and gorem. 



491. Infatuation of oppressors. 

Ec 7: 7 Surely oppression maketh a wise man mad. 
Am. 3: 10 They know not to do right, saith the Lord, who 
Store up violence and robbery in their palaces. [See 707.} 

PARENTS. 

492. Parents should set a good example, 

Jos. 24: 15 As for me and my house, we will serve the 
Lord. 

Ps. 101: 2 I will behave myself wisely in a perfect way. 
O when wilt thou come unto me ? I will walk within my 
house with a perfect heart. 

Tit 2: 7 In all things shewing thyself a pattern of good works. 
[See 178.] 

493. Parents should instruct and govern their children. 

Ex. 10: 2 That thou mayest tell in the ears of thy son, and 
of thy son's son, what things I have wrought in Egypt, and my 
signs which I have done among them ; that ye may know how 
that I am the Lord. 

Dt. 6: 6 These words which I command thee this day, shall 
be in thine heart : 7 And thou shalt teach them diligently unto 
thy children, and shalt talk of them when thou sittest in thine 
house, and when thou walkest by the way, and when thou liest 
down, and when thou risest up. 8 And thou shalt bind them 
for a sign upon thine hand, and they shall be as frontlets be- 
tween thine eyes. 9 And thou shalt write them upon the posts 
of thine house, and on thy gates. [Dt 11: 18 — 21.] — 32: 46 
He said unto them, Set your hearts unto all the words which I 
testify among you this day, which ye shall command your chil- 
dren to observe to do, all the words of this law. 

Pr. 22: 6 Train up a child in the way he should go : and 
when he is old, he will not depart from it. 

Is. 28: 9 Whom shall he teach knowledge ? and whom shall 
he make to understand doctrine ? them that are weaned from 
the milk, and drawn from the breasts. 

Ep. 6: 4 Ye fathers, provoke not your children to wrath : 
but bring them up in the nurture and admonition of the Lord. 

[See 48.] 

494. Parents should correct children for disobedience. 

Pr. 10: 13 A rod is for the back of him that is void of un- 
derstanding. — 13: 24 He that spareth his rod hateth his son: 
but he that loveth him chast«neth him betimes. — 19: 18 Chas- 
344 



PARENTS. 495 — 497 



ToproYide — Parental fkithfulcess — Result of parental unfkithfulness. 

ten thy son while there is hope, and let not thy soul spare for 
his crying. — 22:15 Foolishness is bound in the heart of a 
child ; but the rod of correction shall drive it far from him. — 
23: 13 Withhold not correction from the child: for if thou 
beatest him with the rod, he shall not die. 14 Thou shaltbeat 
him with the rod, and shalt deliver his soul from hell. — 26: 3 
A wliip for the horse, a bridle for the ass, and a rod for the fool's 
back. — 29: 15 The rod and reproof give wisdom : but a child 
left to himself bringeth his mother to shame. 17 Correct thy 
son, and he shall give thee rest ; yea, he shall give delight unto 
thy soul. 

Heb. 12: 9 We have had fathers of our flesh which 
corrected its, and we gave them reverence : shall we not much 
rather be in subjection unto the Father of spirits, and live ? 

[See 54.] 

495. Parents should provide for their children. 

2 Cor. 12: 14 Behold, the third time I am ready to come to 
you ; and I will not be burdensome to you : for I seek not 
yours, but you. For the children ought not to lay up for the 
parents, but the parents for the children. 

1 Tim. 5: 8 If any provide not for his own, and especially 
for those of his own house, he hath denied the faith, and is 
worse than an infidel. 

496. Soppy result of parental faithfulness. 

Gen. 18: 19 I know him, that he will command his children 
and his household after him, and they shall keep the way 
of the Lord, to do justice and judgment; that the Lord may 
bring upon Abraham that which he hath spoken of him. 

Ps. 37: 26 He is ever merciful, and lendeth, and his seed is 
blessed. — 102: 28 The children of thy servants shall con- 
tinue, and their seed shall be established before thee. 

Pr. 20: 7 The just man walketh in his integrity : his children 
are blessed after him. — 22: 6 Train up a child in the way he 
should go : and when he is old, he will not depart from it. 

2 Tim. 1: 5 When I call to remembrance the unfeigned faith 
that is in thee, which dwelt first in thy grandmother Lois, and 
thy mother Eunice ; and I am persuaded that in thee alsa 

[See 120.] 

497. Sad result of parental unfaithfulness — judicial visitation. 

Ex. 20: 5 I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting 
the iniquity of the fathers upon their children unto the third^ 
and fourth generation of them that* hate me. Jer. 32: 18. 

Num. 14: 33 Your children shall wander in the wilderness 

345 



498 PATIENCE. 



Required. 



forty years, and bear your whoredoms, until your carcasses be 
wasted in the wilderness. 

1 S. 3: 13 I have told him, that I will judge his house for 
ever, for the iniquity which he knoweth : because his sons 
made themselves vile, and he restrained them not. 1 K. 21: 21. 

1 K. 16: 3 Behold, I will take away the posterity of Baasha, 
and the posterity of his house ; and wiU make thy house like 
the house of Jeroboam the son of Nebat 

Job 17: 5 He that speaketh flattery to his friends, even the 
eyes of his children shall faiL — 21: 17 How oft is the candle 
of the wicked put out ? and how oft cometh their destruction 
upon them ? God distributeth sorrows in his anger. 18 They 
are as stubble before the wind, and as chaff that the storm 
carrieth away. 19 Grod layeth up his iniquity for his children : 
he rewardeth him, and he shall know it. 

Is. 14: 21 Prepare slaughter for his children for the iniquity 
of their fathers ; that they do not rise, nor possess the land, 
nor fill the face of the world with cities. 

Hos. 4: 6 Seeing thou hast* forgotten the law of thy God, I 
will also forget thy children. [See 733.] 



PATIENCE. 

498. Patience required. 

Ps. 37: 1 Fret not thyself because of evil doers, neither be 
thou envious against the workers of iniquity. 7 Rest in the 
LoBD, and wait patiently for him : fret not thyself because of 
him who prospereth in his way, because of the man who bring- 
eth wicked devices to pass. 

Lk. 21: 19 In your patience possess ye your souls. 

Rom. 2: 7 To them who by patient continuance in well-do- 
ing, seek for glory, and honor, and immortality ; eternal life. 
— 12: 12 Rejoicing in hope ; patient in tribulation: continuing 
instant in prayer. 

2 Cor. 6: 4 In all things approving ourselves as the ministers 
of God, in much patience. 

1 Th. 5: 14 We exhort you, brethren, warn them that are 
unruly, comfort the feeble-minded, support the weak, be patient 
toward all men. 

Heb. 6: 12 That ye be not slothful, but followers of them 

who through faith and patience inherit the promises. — 10: 36 

Ye have need of patience, that, after ye have done the will of 

God, ye might receive the promise. — 12: 1 Let us run with 

346 



FEACS. 499 

Beqnired, encooiaged, and exemplified. 



patience the race that is set before us, 2 Looking unto Jesus, 
the author and finisher of our faith. 

Jam. 1: 4 Let patience have her perfect work, that ye may 
be perfect and entire, wanting nothing. — 5: 7 Be patient there- 
fore, brethren, unto the coming of the Lord. Behold, the 
husbandman waiteth for the precious fruit of the earth, and 
hath long patience for it, until he receive the early and latter 
rain. 8 Be ye also patient; establish your hearts: for the 
coming of the Lord draweth nigh. 10 Take, my brethren, 
the prophets, who have spoken in the name of the Lord, for 
an example of sufiering affliction, and of patience. 11 Behold, 
we count them happy which endure. Ye have heard of the 
patience of Job, and have seen the end of the Lord ; that the 
Lord is very pitiful, and of tender mercy. 

1 Pet 2: 20 What glory is iU if when ye be bufieted for 
your faults, ye shall take it patiently ? but if, when ye do well, 
and suffer for it, ye take it patiently, this is acceptable with 
God. 

2 Pet 1: 5 Giving all diligence, add to your faith, virtue ; 
and to virtue, knowledge ; 6 And to knowledge, temperance ; 
and to temperance, patience. [See 201, 437, 737.] 

N. B. For examples of patience, see 62, 154, 660. 



PEACE. 

499. A peaceable and gende spirit required, eruxuraged, and exemplijied. 

Ps. 34: 14 Depart from evil, and do good ; seek peace, and 
pursue it 

Pr. 15: 1 A soft answer tumeth away wrath : but grievous 
words stir up anger. 

Jer. 29: 7 Seek the peace of the city whither I have caused 
you to be carried away captives, and pray unto the Lord for 
it : for in the peace thereof shall ye have peace. 

Mat' 5: 9 Blessed are the peace-makers : for they shall be 
called the children of God. 

Rom. 12: 10 Be kindly affectioned one to another with 
brotherly love ; in honor preferring one another ; 18 If it be 
possible, as much as lieth in you, live peaceably with all men. 
— 14: 19 Let us therefore follow after the things which make 
for peace, and things wherewith one may edify another. 

1 Cor. 7: 15 God hath called us to peace. 

2 Cor. 13: 11 Finally, brethren, farewell. Be perfect, be of 
good comfort, be of one mind, live in peace : and the God of 
love and peace shall be with you. 

*^ ^ 347 



500 PEACE. 

False Peace-makers. 



Gal. 5: 22 The fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, long- 
Buffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, 23 Meekness, temper- 
ance : against such there is no law. 

Ep. 4: 1 I therefore, the prisoner of the Ijord, beseech you 
that ye walk worthy of the vocation wherewith ye are called, 
2 With all lowliness and meekness, with long-suffering, for- 
bearing one another in love ; 3 Endeavoring to keep the unity 
of the Spirit in the bond of peace. 32 And be ye kind one to 
another, tender-hearted, forgiving one another, even as Grod 
for Christ's sake hath forgiven you. 

Ph. 2: 14 Do all things without murmurings and disputings : 
15 That ye may be blameless and harmless, the sons of God, 
without rebuke, in the midst of a crooked and perverse nation, 
among whom ye shine as hghts in the world. 

Col. 3: 8 Now ye also put off all these ; anger, wrath, malice, 
blasphemy, filthy communication out of your mouth. 15 And 
let the peace of God rule in your hearts, to the which also ye 
are called in one body ; and be ye thankful. 

1 Th. 2: 7 We were gentle among you, even as a nurse 
cherisheth her children. — 5: 13 Be at peace among your- 
selves. 

2 Tim. 2: 24 And the servant of the Lord must not strive ; 
but be gentle unto all men, apt to teach, patient ; 25 In meek- 
ness instructing those that oppose themselves. 

Heb. 12: 14 Follow peace with all men, and holiness, with- 
out which no man shall see the Lord. 

Jam. 3: 17 The wisdom that is from above is first pure, then 
peaceable, gentle, and easy to be entreated, full of mercy and 
good fruits, without partiality, and without hypocrisy. 

1 Pet. 3: 10 He that will love life, and see good days, let 
him refrain his tongue from evil, and his lips that they speak 
no guile : 1 1 Let hun eschew evil, and do good : let him seek 
peace, and ensue it [See 62, 201, 437, 660, 737.] 

500. False peace-makers. 

Jer. 6; 14 They have healed also the hurt of the daughter 
of my people slightly, saying. Peace, peace ; when there is no 
peace. 

Ezk. 13: 10 They have seduced my people, saying. Peace ; 
and there was no peace ; and one built up a wail, and lo, others 
daubed it with untempered mortar: 11 Say unto them which 
daub it with untempered mortar, that it shall fall : there shall 
be an overflowing shower ; and ye, O great hailstones, shall 
&U ; and a stormy wind shall rend it. [See 191.1 
348 



PERFECTION. 501 



Moral Perfection required. 



PERFECTION. 
501. Commands and exhortations to he perfect in all good works. 

Mat. 5: 37 Let your communication be, Yea, yea ; Nay, 
nay : for whatsoever is more than these cometh of evil. 38 
Ye have heard that it hath been said. An eye for an eye, and 
a tooth for a tooth. 39 But I say unto you. That ye resist not 
evil : but whosoever shall smite thee on thy right cheek, turn 
to him the other also. 40 And if any man will sue thee at 
the law, and take away thy coat, let him have thi/ cloak also. 
41 And whosoever shall compel thee to go a mile, go with him 
twain. 42 Give to him that asketh thee, and from him that 
would borrow of thee, turn not thou away. 43 Ye have heard 
that it hath been said, Thou shalt love thy neighbor, and hate 
thine enemy : 44 But I say unto you, Love your enemies, 
bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and 
pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you ; 
45 That ye may be the children of your Father which is in 
heaven : for he maketh his sun to rise on the evil and on the 
good, and sendeth rain on the just and on the unjust. 46 For 
if ye love them which love you, what reward have ye ? do not 
even the publicans the same? 47 And if ye salute your 
brethren only, what do ye more than others ? do not even the 
pubHcans so? 48 Be ye therefore perfect, even as your Fa- 
ther which is in heaven is perfect. 

Rom. 12: 1 I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies 
of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, 
acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service. 2 And 
be not conformed to this world. 9 Let love be without dissim- 
ulation. Abhor that which is evil ; cleave to that which is 
good. 10 jBe kindly affectioned one to another with brotherly 
love; in honor preferring one another; 11 Not slothful in 
business ; fervent in spirit ; serving the Lord ; 1 2 Rejoicing 
in hope ; patient in tribulation ; continuing instant in prayer ; 

13 Distributing to the necessity of saints ; given to hospitality. 

14 Bless them which persecute you ; bless, and curse not. 

15 Rejoice with them that do rejoice, and weep with them that 
weep. 16 wSe of the same mind one toward another. Mind 
not high things, but condescend to men of low estate. Be not 
wise in your own conceits. 17 Recompense to no man evil 
for evil. Provide things honest in the sight of all men. 18 
If it be possible, as much as lieth in you, live peaceably with 
all men. 19 Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves, but 
rather give place unto wrath : for it is written, Vengeance w 

. 30 849 



501 PESFECTIOK. 



Moral Perfeetioii required. 



mine ; I will repay, saith the Lord. 20 Therefore, if thine 
enemy hunger, feed him ; if he thirst, give him drink : for in 
80 doing thou shalt heap coab of fire on his head. 21 Be not 
overcome of evil, but overcome evil with good. 

2 Cor. 7: 1 Having therefore these promises, dearly beloved, 
let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh and 
spirit, perfecting holiness in the fear of God. 

Ep. 4: 25 Putting away lying, speak every man truth witii 
his neighbor : for we are members one of another. 26 Be ye 
angry, and sin not : let not the sun go down upon your wrath : 
27 Neither give place to the devil. 28 Let him that stole, 
steal no more : but rather let him labor, working with his hands 
the thing which is good, that he may have to give to him that 
needeth. 29 Let no corrupt communication proceed out of 
your mouth, but that which is good to the use of edifying, that 
it may minister grace unto the hearers. 31 Let all bitterness, 
and wrath, and anger, and clamor, and evil-speaking, be put 
away from you, with all malice : 32 And be ye kind one to 
another, tender-hearted, forgiving one another, even as Grod for 
Christ's sake hath forgiven you. — 5: 1 Be ye therefore fol- 
lowers of Grod as dear children; 2 And walk in love, as 
Christ also hath loved us, and hath given himself for us an 
offering and a sacrifice to God for a sweet-smelling savor. 3 
But fornication, and all uncleanness, or covetousness, let it not 
be once named among you, as becometh saints ; 4 Neither 
filthiness, nor foolish talking, nor jesting, which are not conve- 
nient : but rather giving of thanks. 11 And have no fellow- 
ship with the unfruitful works of darkness, but rather reprove 
them, 15 See then that ye walk circumspectly, not as fools, 
but as wise. 16 Redeeming the time, because the days are 
evil. — 6: 10 Finally, my brethren, be strong in the Lord, and 
in the power of his might. 1 1 Put on the whole armor of 
God, that ye may be able to stand against the wiles of the 
devil. 12 For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but 
against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the 
darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high 
places. 13 Wherefore take unto you the whole armor of G^, 
that ye may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having 
done all, to stand. 14 Stand therefore, having your loins girt 
about with truth, and having on the breast-plate of righteous- 
ness ; 15 And your feet shod with the preparation of the 
gospel of peace; 16 Above all, taking the shield of faith, 
wherewith ye shall be able to quench all the fiery darts of the 
wicked. 17 And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword 
of the Spirit, which is the word of God : 18 Praying always 
350 



PERFECTION. 502 



To be maintained by a covenant. 



with all prajer and supplication in the Spirit, and watch- 
ing thereunto with all perseverance and supplication for all 
saints. 

1 Pet. 2: 21 For even hereunto were ye called: because 
Christ also suffered for us, leaving us an example, that ye 
should follow his steps : 22 Who did no sin, neither was guile 
found in his mouth. [See 285-6, 629.] 

502. Should perpetual moral perfection be pledged in a covenant with 
God? 

Ex. 24: 7 He took the book of the covenant, and read in 
the audience of the people : and they said. All that the Lord 
hath said will we do, and be obedient. 8 And Moses took the 
Mood, and sprinkled it on the people, and said. Behold the 
blood of the covenant, which the Lord hath made with you 
concerning all these words. 

Dt. 29: 10 Yc stand this -day all of you before the Lord 
your Grod ; your captains of your tribes, your elders, and your 
officers, tinth all the men of Israel, 11 Your little ones, your 
wives, and thy stranger that is in thy camp, from the hewer 
of thy wood, unto the drawer of thy water: 12 That thou 
shouldest enter into covenant with the Lord thy GU)d, and into 
his oath, which the Lord thy Grod maketh with thee this day: 

13 That he may establish thee to-day for a people unto him- 
self, and that he may be unto thee a God, as he hath said unto 
thee, and as he hath sworn unto thy fathers, to Abraham, to 
Isaac, and to Jacob. 

2 Ch. 15: 12 They entered into a covenant to seek the Lord 
God of their fathers with all their heart and with all their soul ; 

14 And they sware unto the Lord with a loud voice, and with 
shouting, and with trumpets, and with comets. 1 5 And all 
Judah rejoiced at the oath : for they had sworn with all their 
heart, and sought him with their whole desire ; and he was 
found of them : and the Lord gave them rest round about. 
— 34: 31 And the king stood in his place, and made a covenant 
before the Lord, to walk after the Lord, and to keep his 
commandments, and his testimonies, and his statutes, with all 
his heart, and with all his soul, to perform the words of the 
covenant which are written in this book. 32 And he caused 
all that were present in Jerusalem and Benjamin to stand to it. 
And the inhabitants of Jerusalem did according to the covenant 
of God, the Grod of their fathers. 

Neh. 10: 29 They clave to their brethren, their nobles, and 
entered into a curse, and into an oath, to walk in God's law^ 
which was given by Moses the servant of Gk)d, and to observe 

351 



503, 504 PERFECTION. 



Saints called perfect — Saints, objects of divine complacency. 



and do all the commandments of the Lord our Lord, and his 
judgments and his statutes. 

Ps. 76: 1 1 Vow, and pay unto the Lord your Grod. — 1 19: 106 
I have sworn, and I will perform it, that I will keep thy 
righteous judgments. 

Jer. 50: 5 They shall ask the way to Zion with their faces 
thitherward, saying, Come and let us join ourselves to the Lord 
in a perpetual covenant that shall not be forgotten. 

Ezk. 20: 37 I will cause you to pass under the rod, and I 
will bring you into the bond of the covenant. [2 BL 11: 17, 
Is. 56:4.] [See 118.] 

503. The appellation^ ^^perfect^^ applied to saints. 

Gren. 6: 9 These are the generations of Noah : Noah was 
a just man, and perfect in lus generations, and Noah walked 
with Grod. 

Job 1: 1 There was a man in Ihe land of Uz, whose name 
was Job ; and that man was perfect and upright, and one that 
feared God, and eschewed evil. 8 And the Lord said unto 
Satan, Hast thou considered my servant Job, that there is none 
like him in the earth, a perfect and an upright man, one that 
feareth God, and escheweth evil ? [Job 2: 3.] 

Ps. 37: 37 Maik the perfect man, and behold the upright : 
for the end of that man is peace. 

Pr. 2: 21 The upright shall dwell in the land, and the per- 
fect shall remain in it. — 11: 5 The righteousness of the per- 
fect shall direct his way : but the wicked shall fall by his own 
wickedness. 

1 Cor. 2: 6 We speak wisdom among them that are perfect : 
yet not the wisdom of this world, nor of the princes of this 
world, that come to nought 

Ph. 3: 15 Let us therefore, as many as be perfect, be thus 
minded : and if in any thing ye be otherwise minded, God shall 
reveal even this unto you. 

504. Do saints attain any moral perfection in which God delights f 

Gen. 5: 24 Enoch walked with God, and he was not: for 
Grod took him. 

Jos. 14: 14 Hebron therefore became the inheritance of Caleb 
&e son of Jephunneh the Kenezite unto this day ; because that 
he wholly followed the Lord Gk)d of Israel. 

2 K. 20: 3 I beseech thee, O Lord, remember now how T 
have walked before thee in truth and with a perfect heart, and 
have done that which is good in thy sight. And Hezekiah 
wept sore. 

352 



PEBFECTIOV. 505 



Tmp love, not sinful. 



Ps. 11: 7 The righteous Lord loveth righteousness; his 
countenance doth behold the upright. — 45: 13 The King's 
daughter is all glorious within : her clothing is of wrought gold. 
— 119: 1 Blessed (xre the undefiled in the way, who walk in 
the law of the Lord. — 147: 11 The Lord taketh pleasure in 
them that fear him, in those that hope in his mercy. 

Pr. 8: 17 I love them that love me : and those that seek me 
early shall find me. — 11: 20 They that are of a froward heart 
are abomination to the Lord : but such as are upright in their 
way are his delight. ^ 

Jn. 13: 34 A new commandment I give unto you, That ye 
love one another ; as I have loved you, that ye also love one 
another. — 16: 27 The Father himself loveth you, because ye 
have loved me, and have believed that I came out from God. 

Eom. 13: 8 Owe no man any thing, but to love one another: 
for he that loveth another hath fulfilled the law. 10 Love 
worketh no ill to his neighbor : therefore love is the fulfilling 
of the law. 

1 Th. 2: 10 Ye are witnesses, and God alsoy how holily, and 
justly, and unblamably we behaved ourselves among you that 
believe. 

1 Jn. 3: 3 Every man that hath this hope in him purifieth 
himself, even as he is pure. — 4: 12 No man hath seen God at 
any time. If we love one another, Grod dwelleth in us, and his 
love is perfected in us. 17 Herein is our love made perfect, 
that we may have boldness in the day of judgment; because as 
he is, so are we in this world. 

Rev. 19: 8 To her was granted that she should be arrayed in 
fine linen, clean and white : for the fine linen is the righteousness 
of saints. [See 94, 505, 584-5, 659, 672.] 

505. Can the ^^ perfect love" of saints be blended with sin f 

Ps. 119: 2 Blessed are they that keep his testimonies, and 
<^ seek him with the whole heart 3 They also do no iniquity: 
they walk in his ways. 

Ezk. 36: 26 I will take away the stony heart out of your 
flesh, and I will give you a heart of fiesh. 

Mat. 6: 24 No man can serve two masters : for either he 
will hate the one, and love the other ; or else he will hold to 
the one, and despise the other. Ye cannot serve Grod and 
mammon. 

Rom. 13: 10 Love worketh no ill to his neighbor: therefore 
love is the fiilfilling of the law. 

GaL 5: 16 This I say then, Walk in the Spirit, and ye shall 
not fiilfil the lust of the flesh. 17 For the flesh lusteth against 

30* 353 



506, 607 PERFECTION. 



M«11«ti"<a1 perfection — Inconstant ^rfection of saints. 

the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh : and these are con- 
trary the one to the other. 

IJn. 2: 15 If any man love the world, the love of the Father 
is not in him. — 3: 6 Whosoever abideth in him sinneth not. 
9 Whosoever is bom of God doth not commit sin; for his 
seed remaineth in him ; and he cannot sin, because he is bom 
of Grod. — 4: 18 There is no fear in love; but perfect love 
casteth out fear : because fear hath torment He that feareth, 
J3 not made perfect in love. [See 503.] 

506. Millennunl perfection. 

Dt 30: 6 The Lord thy Gk)d will circumcise thine heart, 
and the heart of thy seed, to love the Lord thy Gk)d with all 
thine heart, and with all thy soul, that thou mayest live. 

Jer. 31: 33 This shall be the covenant that I will make with 
the house of Israel ; After those days, saith the Lord, I wiU 
put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts ; 
and will be their Grod, and they shall be my people. — 32: 39 
And I will give them one heart and one way, that they may 
fear me for ever, for the good of them, and of their children 
after them : 40 And I wiU made an everlasting covenant with 
them, that I will not turn away from them, to do them good ; 
but I will put my fear in their hearts, that they shall not depart 
from me. — 50: 20 In those days, and in that time, saith the 
Lord, the iniquity of Israel shall be sought for, and there shall 
be none ; and the sins of Judah, and they shall not be found : 
for I will pardon them whom I reserve. [See 441.] 

507. Inconstant perfection of saints in this life. 

2 Ch. 6: 36 If they sin against thee, (for there is no man 
which sinneth not,) and thou be angry with them, and deliver 
them over before their enemies, and they carry them away 
captives unto a land far off or near. 

Job 9: 20 If I justify myself, mine own mouth shall condemn 
me : If I say, I am perfect, it shall also prove me perverse. — 
40: 4 Behold, I am vile ; what shall I answer thee ? I will lay 
my hand upon my mouth. — 42: 5 I have heard of thee by the 
hearing of the ear: but now mine eye seeth thee : 6 Wherefore 
I abhor myself^ and repent in dust and ashes. 

Ps. 19: 12 Who can understand his errors ? cleanse thou me 
from secret faidts, 13 Keep back thy servant also from pre- 
sumptuous sins ; let them not have dominion over me. — 38: 4 
Mine iniquities are gone over mine head : as a heavy burden 
they are too heavy for me. 5 My wounds stink, and are 
corrupt because of my foolishness. [6—8.] — 119: 96 I have 
354 



PERFECTION. 508 



Inconstant perfection— AfSictions. 



seen an end of all perfection : hut thy commandment is exceed* 
ing broad. 

Pr. 20: 9 Who can say, I have made my heart clean, I am 
pure from my sm ? 

Ec. 7: 20 There is not a just man upon earth, that doeth 
good, and sinneth not. 

Is. 6: 5 Then said I, Wo is me ! for I am undone ; because 
I am a man of unclean lips, and I dwell in the midst of a 
people of unclean lips : for mine eyes have seen the King, the 
Lord of hosts. 

Mat. 6: 12 Forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors. 
— 26: 72 Again he denied with an oath, I do not know the 
man. 73 And after a while came unto him they that stood by, 
and said to Peter, Surely thou also art one of them ; for thy 
speech bewray eth thee. 74 Then began he to curse and to 
swear, saying^ I know not the man. 

Bom. 7: 1 4 We know that the law is spiritual : but I am 
carnal, sold under sin. 15 For that which I do, I allow 
not : for what I would, that do I not ; but what I hate, that 
do I. [Verses 16—25.] 

Gral. 5: 17 The flesh lusteth against the Spiiit, and the Spirit 
against the flesh : and these are contrary the one to the other ; 
so that ye cannot do the things that ye would. 

Ph. 3: 12 Not as though I had already attained, either were 
already perfect : but I foUow after, if that I may apprehend 
that for which also I am apprehended of Christ Jesus. 

Jam. 3: 2 In many things we offend all. If any man offend 
not in word, the same is a perfect man, and able also to bridle 
the whole body. 

1 Jn. 1: 8 If we say that we have no sin, we deceive our- 
selves, and the truth is not in us. [See 166, 663.] 

508. Reed saints subjected to occasional afflictions and chastisements. 

Heb. 12: 5 Ye have forgotten the exhortation which speak- 
eth unto you as unto children. My son, despise not thou the 
chastening of the Lord, nor faint when thou art rebuked 
of him: 6 For wliom the Lord loveth he chasteneth, and 
scourgeth every son whom he receiveth. 7 K ye endure 
chastening, God dealeth with you as with sons : for what son 
is he whom the father chasteneth not ? 8 But if ye be without 
chastisement, whereof all are partakers, then are ye bastards, 
and not sons. 

Rev. 3: 19 As many as I love, I rebuke and chasten : be 
zealous therefore, and repent. [See 2, 3, 4.] 

355 



509 — 511 PERFECTION — PERSECUTION. 

8elf-deceiyed Perfectionists — Persecution for Righteousness' 

509. Would God afflict his people, had they attained permanent morm 
perfection ? 

Job 36: 8 If they he bound in fetters, and be holden in cords 
of affliction ; 9 Then he sheweth them their work, and their 
transgressions that they have exceeded. 

Is. 27: 7 Hath he smitten him, as he smote those that smote 
him ? or is he slain according to the slaughter of them that are 
slain by him ? 9 By this therefore shall the iniquity of Jacob 
be purged ; and this is all the fruit to take away his sin. 

Lam. 3: 32 Though he cause grief, yet will he have compas- 
sion according to the multitude of his mercies. 33 For he doth 
not afflict willingly, nor grieve the children of men. 

Heb. 12: 10 They verily for a few days chastened us after 
their own pleasure : but he for our profit, that ijoe might be 
partakers of his holiness. 

510. Self-deceived perfectionists. 

Pr. 30: 12 There is a generation that are pure in their own 
eyes, and yet is not washed from their filthiness. 

Mat. 19: 20 The young man saith unto him. All these things 
have I kept from my youth up : what lack I yet ? 21 Jesus 
said unto him. If thou wilt be perfect, go and sell that thou 
hast, and give to the poor, and thou shaJt have treasure in 
heaven : and come and follow me. 22 But when the young 
man heard that saying, he went away sorrowful : for he had 
great possessions. [See 696, 703-4] 

PERSECUTION. 

511. The righteous reproached and persecuted. 

Neh. 4: 4 Hear, O our God ; for we are despised. 

eTob 16: 10 They have gaped upon me with their mouth ; 
they have smitten me upon the cheek reproachfully; they have 
gathered themselves together against me. 

Ps. 14: 4 Have all the workers of iniquity no knowledge ? 
who eat up my people as they eat bread, and call not upon the 
Lord. — 22: 6 I am a worm, and no man ; a reproach of 
men, and despised of the people. 7 All they that see me 
laugh me to scorn: they shoot out the lip, they shake the 
hesA^ saying, 8 He trusted on the Lord that he would deli- 
ver him : let him deliver him, seeing he delighted in him. — 
81: 11 I was a reproach among all mine enemies, but espe- 
cially among my neighbors, and a fear to mine acquaintance : 
they that did see me without fled from me. 13 For I have 
heard the slander of many: fear was on every side : while 
356 



PERSECUTION. 511 



For Righteousness' sake. 



they took counsel together against me, they devised to take 
away my life. — 42: 10 As with a sword in my bones, mine 
enemies reproach me ; while they say daily unto me. Where 
is thy God ? — 44: 22 Yea, for thy sake are we killed all the 
day long ; we are counted as sheep for the slaughter. — 64: 2 
Hide me from the secret counsel of the wicked; from the 
insurrection of the workers of iniquity : 3 Who whet their 
tongue like a sword, and bend their bcnvs to shoot their arrows, 
even bitter words : 4 That they may shoo^ in secret at the 
perfect : suddenly do they shoot at him, and fear not. — 69: 4 
They that hate me without a cause are more than the hairs of 
mine head : they that would destroy me, being mine enemies 
wrongfully, are mighty : then I restored that which I took not 
away. 7 Because for thy sake I have borne reproach : shame 
hath covered my face. 8 I am become a stranger unto my 
brethren, and an alien unto my mother's children. 9 For the 
zeal of thine house hath eaten me up ; and the reproaches of 
them that reproached thee are fallen upon me. 10 When I 
wept, and chastened my soul with fasting, that was to my 
reproach. 19 Thou hast known my reproach, and my shame, 
and my dishonor: mine adversaries are all before thee. 20 
Reproach hath broken my heart ; and I am full of heaviness : 
and I looked for some to take pity, but there was none ; and 
for comforters, but I found none. — 79: 4 We are become a 
reproach to our neighbors, a scorn and derision to them that 
are round about us. — 89: 50 Remember, Lord, the reproach 
of thy servants ; how I do bear in my bosom the reproach of 
all the mighty people ; 51 Wherewith thine enemies have 
reproached, O Lord ; wherewith they have reproached the 
footsteps of thine anointed. — 102:8 Mine enemies reproach 
me all the day ; and they that are mad against me are sworn 
against me. 

Dan. 7: 25 He shall speak great words against the Most 
High, and shall wear out the saints of the Most High, and 
think to change times and laws : and they shall be given into 
his hand until a time and times and the dividing of time. 

Jn. 10: 20 And many o^ them said, He [ChristJ hath a 
devil, and is mad ; why hear ye him ? 

Heb. 11: 36 Others had trial of cruel mockings and scourg- 
ings, yea, moreover of bonds and imprisonment: 37 They 
were stoned, they were sawn asunder, were tempted, were 
slain with the sword: they wandered about in sheep-skins, and 
goat-skins ; being destitute, afflicted, tormented ; 38 (Of whom 
the world was not worthy :) they wandered in deserts, and in 
mountains, and in dens and caves of the earth. 

857 



612, 51? PERSECUTION. 



Ultimate Triumph of the Persecuted — Persecutors abated. 

Rev. 7: 14 I said unto him, Sir, Thou knowest. And he said 
to me, These are they which came out of great tribulation, and 
have washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of 
the Lamb. [See 68, 86, 467, 740.] 

512. Ultimate triumph of those persecuted for righteousness* sake. 

Ps. 64: 10 The righteous shall be glad in the Lord, and 
shall trust in him ; and all the upright in heart shall glory. — 
68: 13 Though ye have lien among the pots, yet shall ye be as 
the wings of a dove covered with silver, and her feathers with 
yellow gold. 

Mat. 5: 10 Blessed are they which are persecuted for right- 
eousness' sake: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. 11 
Blessed are ye when 7nen shall revile you, and persecute you, 
and shall say all manner of evil against you falsely, for my 
sake. 12 Rejoice, and be exceeding glad: for great is your 
reward in heaven : for so persecuted they the prophets which 
were before you. 

Rom. 8: 1 7 If children, then heirs : heirs of Grod, and joint- 
heirs with Christ ; if so be that we suffer with kiniy that we 
may be also glorified together. 18 For I reckon, that the suf- 
ferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with 
the glory which shall be revealed in us. 

2 Tim. 2: 12 If we suffer, we shall also reign with him: if 
we deny him, he also will deny us. 

1 Pet. 4: 12 Beloved, think it not strange concerning the 
fiery trial which is to try you, as though some strange thing 
happened unto you : 13 But rejoice, inasmuch as ye are par- 
takers of Christ's sufferings ; that, when his glory shall be 
revealed, ye may be glad also with exceeding joy. 14 If ye 
be reproached for the name of Christ, happy are ye ; for the 
Spirit of glory and of God resteth upon you. On their part 
he is evil spoken of, but on your part he is glorified. 

Rev. 15: 3 They sing the song of Moses the servant of God, 
and the song of the Lamb. [See 4, 337.] 

513. God will abase persecutors. 

Ps. 37: 12 The wicked plotteth*against the just, and gnash- 
eth upon him with his teeth. 13 The Lord shall laugh at 
him : for he seeth that his day is coming. 14 The wicked 
have drawn out the sword, and have bent their bow, to cast 
down the poor and needy, and to slay such as be of upright 
conversation. 15 Their sword shall enter into their own 
heart, and their bows shall be broken. — 47: 3 He shall subdue 
the people under us, and the nations under our feet. 
358 



PERSECUTION. 515 



Penecnton abased. 



Is. 41: 11 Behold, all thej that were incensed agamst thee 
shall be ashamed and confounded : they shall be as nothing ; 
and they that strive with thee shall perish. [12.] — 51: 7 
Hearken unto me, ye that know righteousness, the people in 
whose heart w my law; fear ye not the reproach of men, 
neither be ye afraid of their revilings. 8 For the moth shall 
eat them up like a garment, and the worm shall eat them Hke 
wool. — 54: 17 No weapon that is formed against thee shall 
prosper; and every tongue that shall rise against thee in judg- 
ment thou shalt condemn. This is the heritage of the servants 
of the Lord, and their righteousness is of me, saith the Lord. 
60: 14 The sons also of them that afilicted thee shall come 
bending unto thee : and all they that despised thee shall bow 
themselves down at the soles of thy feet — 66: 5 Hear the 
word of the Lord, ye that tremble at his word ; Your brethren 
that hated you, that cast you out for my name's sake, said. Let 
the Lord be glorified : but he shall appear to your joy, and 
they shall be ashamed. 

Jer. 20: 11 The Lord is with me as a mighty terrible one : 
therefore my persecutors shall stumble, and they shall not pre- 
vail; they shall be greatly ashamed; for they shall not prosper: 
their everlasting confusion shall never be forgotten. 

Mic. 7: 9 I will bear the indignation of the Lord, because 
I have sinned against him, until he plead my cause, and 
execute judgment for me : he will bring me forth to the 
light, and I shall behold his righteousness. 10 Then she 
that is mine enemy shall see tV, and shame shall cover her, 
which said unto me. Where is the Lord thy God ? mine eyes 
ihall behold her : now shall she be trodden down as the mire 
^f the streets. 

Mai. 4: 2 Unto you that fear my name, shall the Sun of 
righteousness arise with healing in his wings ; and ye shall 
go forth, and grow up as calves of the stall. 3 And ye shall 
tread down the wicked; for they shall be ashes under the soles 
of your feet in the day that I shall do this, saith the Lord of 
^ hosts. 

Bom. 16: 20 The Grod of peace shall bruise Satan under 
your feet shortly. 

2 Th. 1: 4 We ourselves glory in you in the churches of 
-Grod, for your patience and faith in all your persecutions and 
tribulations that ye endure : 5 Which is a manifest token of 
the righteous judgment of God, that ye may be counted worthy 
of the kingdom of Grod, for which ye also suffer : 6 Seeing it 
is a righteous thing with God to recompense tribulation to them 
that trouble you ; 7 And to you, who are troubled, rest with 

359 



514 PESSETBSANGE. 



Indispensable. 



US, when the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven with 
his mighty angels, 8 In flaming fire taking vengeance on 
them that know not Grod, and that obey not the gospel of our 
Lord Jesus Christ. 

Rev. 3: 9 Behold, I will make them of the synagogue of 
Satan, which say they are Jews, and are not, but do lie ; behold, 
I will make them to come and worship before thy feet, and to 
know that I have loved thee. — 18: 20 Rejoice over her, ^hou 
heaven, and ye holy apostles and prophets ; for Grod hath 
avenged you on her. — 19:3 And again they said. Alleluia. 
And her smoke rose up for ever and ever. 

[See 87, 525, 550, 573,(7.)] 

PERSEVERANCE. 

514. Perseverance in holiness indispensable. 

Mat. 10: 22 Ye shall be hated of all men for my name's 
sake : but he that endureth to the end shall be saved. [Mat. 
24: 13.] 

Jn. 15: 6 If a man abide not in me, he is cast forth as a 
branch, and is withered ; and men gather them, and cast them 
into the fire, and they are burned. 

Rom. 2: 6 Who will render to every man according to his 
deeds : 7 To them who by patient continuance in well-doing, 
seek for glory, and honor, and immortality ; eternal lite. 

1 Cor. 9: 27 I keep under my body, and bring it into sub- 
jection: lest that by any means when I have preached to 
others, I myself should be a cast-away. — 10: 12 Let him that 
thinketh he standeth, take heed lest he fall. 

Col. 1: 23 If ye continue in the faith grounded and settled, 
and be not moved away from the hope of the gospel, which ye 
have heard, and which was preached to every creature which 
is under heaven ; whereof I Paul am made a minister. 

Heb. 3: 6 Christ as a Son over his own house: whose 
house are we, if we hold fast the confidence, and the rejoicing 
of the hope firm unto the end. 12 Take heed, brethren, lest 
there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief, in departing 
from the living God. 13 But exhort one another daily, while 
it is called Today ; lest any of you be hardened through the 
deceitfulness of sin. 14 For we are made partakers of Christy 
if we hold the beginning of our confidence steadfast unto the 
end. — 4: 1 Let us therefore fear, lest a promise being left us 
of entering into his rest, any of you should seem to come short 
of it 11 Let us labor therefore to enter into that rest, lest any 
man fall after the same example of unbelief. 
360 



PEB8SYEBAH01U 515 

Predicted aad PromiMd. 



2 Pet. 1; 10 Wherefore the rather, brethren, give diligence 
to make your calling and election sure : for if ye do these thing8| 
ye shall never fall. 

Rev. 2: 10 Be thou faithful unto death, and I will give thee 
a crown of life. 11 He that hath an ear, let him hear what 
the Spirit saith unto the churches ; He that overcometh, shall 
not be hurt of the second death. 17 He that hath an ear, let 
him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches: To him that 
overcometh will I give to eat of the hidden manna, and will 
give him a white stone, and in the stone a new name written, 
which no man knoweth, saving he that receiveth it, 26 And 
he that overcometh, and keepeth my works unto the end, ta. 
him will I give power over the nations. — 21: 7 He that over- 
cometh shall inherit all things ; and I will be his God, and he 
shall be my son. [Rev. 3: 5, 12: 21, and 2: 7.] 

[See 19, 20, 540.] 

515. Predictions and promises of saints* perseverance. 

Job 17: 9 The righteous also shall hold on his way, and he 
that hath clean hands shall be stronger and stronger. 

Ps. 37: 23 The steps of a good man are ordered by the 
Lord : and he delighteth in his way. 24 Though he fall, he 
shall not be utterly cast down: for the Lord upholdeth him 
vnth his hand. — 89: 30 If his children forsake my law, and 
walk not in my judgments; 31 If they break my statutes, 
and keep not my commandments ; 32 Then will I visit their 
transgression with the rod, and their iniquity with stripes. 33 
^Nevertheless, my loving kindness will I not utterly take from 
liim, nor suffer my faithfulness to fail. 34 My covenant will 
I not break, nor alter the thing that is gone out of my lips. 35 
Once have I sworn by my holiness that I will not lie unto 
David. 36 His seed shall endure for ever, and his throne as 
the sun before me. 37 It shaU be established for ever as the 
moon, and as a faithful witness in heaven. 

Pr. 4: 18 The path of the just is as the shining light, that 
shineth more and more unto the perfect day. 

Is. 54: 10 The mountains shaU depart, and the hills be 
removed; but my kindness shall not depart from thee, neither 
bhall the covenant of my peace be removed, saith the Lord, 
that hath mercy on thee. — 55: 3 Incline your ear, and 
come unto me: hear, and your soul shall live: and I will 
make an everlasting covenant with you, even the sure mercies , 
of David. 

Jer. 32: 40 I will make an everlasting covenant with them, 
that I will not turn away from them, to do them good ; but 

31 361 



515 FBBgKTXRiJrOS. 

Promised mad pradfeted. 



I will put my fear in their hearts, that thej shall not depart 
from me. 

Mat. 24: 24 There shall arise false Christs, and £Edse 
prophets, and shall shew great signs and wonders ; ins<»nuch 
that, if it were possible, they shall deceive the verj elecL 

Jn. 3: 16 Grod so loved the world, that he gave his only 
begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him, should not 
perish, but have everlasting life. 36 He that believeth on the 
Son hath everlasting life : and he that believeth not the Son, 
shall not see life ; but the wrath of God abideth on him. — • 
5: 24 Verily, verily, I say unto you. He that heareth my word, 
and believeth on him that sent me, hath everlasting life, and 
shall not come into condemnation ; but is passed from death 
unto life. — 6: 39 This is the Father's will which hath sent me, 
that of all which he hath given me, I should lose nothing, but 
should raise it up again at the last day. 40 And this is the 
will of him that sent me, that every one which seeth the Son, 
and believeth on him, may have everlasting life : and I will 
raise him up at the last day. 47 Verily, verily, I say unto 
you. He that believeth on me hath everlasting liife. 51 I am 
the living bread which came down from heaven : if any man 
eat of this bread, he shall live for ever : and the bread that I 
will give is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world. 
54 Whoso eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath eter- 
nal life ; and I will raise him up at the last day. — 10: 27 My 
sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me : 
28 And I give unto them eternal life ; and they shall never 
perish, neither shall any pluck them out of my hand. 29 My 
Father, which gave them me, is greater than all ; and none is 
able to pluck them out of my Father's hand. 

Rom. 8: 30 Whom he did predestinate, them he also called ; 
and whom he called, them he also justified : and whom he jus- 
tified, them he also glorified. 38 For I am persuaded, that 
neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, 
nor things present, nor things to come, 39 Nor height, nor 
depth, nor any other creature, shall be able to separate us frwn 
the love of God which is in Christ Jesus, our Lord. 

Ph. 1: 6 Being confident of this very thing, that he which 
hath begun a good work in you, will perform it until the day 
of Jesus Christ. 

2 Th. 2: 14 Whereunto he called you 1^ our gospel, to the 
obtaining of the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ. 

Heb. 6: 19 Wmch hope we have as an anchor of the soul, 
both sure and steadfast, and which entereth into that within 
the vail. 
862 



PEBSETERAHOJk 516 

Chxist'f intercession for Saints'. 



2 Tim. 4: 18 The Lord shall deliver me from every evil 
woi^ and will preserve me unto his heavenly kingdom ; to 
whom he glory for ever and ever. 

1 Pet. 1: 3 Blessed he the Grod and Father of our Lord 
Jesus Christ, which, according to his abundant mercy, hath 
b^otten us again unto a lively hope by the resurrection of 
Jesus Christ from the dead, 4 To an inheritance incorruptible, 
and undefiled, and that fadeth not away, reserved in heaven 
for you, 5 Who are kept by the power of God through faith 
unto salvation, ready to be revealed in the last time. 9 Receiv- 
ing the end of your faith, even the salvation of your souls. 

1 Jn. 5: 18 We know that whosoever is bom of God, sin- 
neth not ; but he that is begotten of God, keepeth himself, and 
that wicked one toucheth him not. [See 95, 667.] 

516. ChrisCs intercession for the saints. 

Lk. 22: 81 The Lord said, Simon, Simon, behold, Satan hath 
desired to have you, that he may sift you as wheat : 32 But I 
have prayed for thee, that thy faith fail not : and* when thou 
art converted, strengthen thy brethren. 

Jn. 17: 9 I pray for them : I pray not for the worid, but for 
them which thou hast given me ; for they are thine. 10 And 
all mine are thine, and thine are mine ; and I am glorified in 
them. 11 And now I am no more in the world, but these are 
in the world, and I come to thee. Holy Father, keep through 
thine own name those whom thou hast given me, that they may 
be one, as we are, 12 While I was with them in the world, I 
kept them in thy name : those that thou gavest me I have kept, 
and none of them is lost, but the son of perdition ; that the 
scripture might be fulfiUed. 13 And now come I to thee, and 
these things I speak in the world, that they might have my joy 
fulfilled in themselves. 14 I have given them thy word ; and 
the world hath hated them, because they are not of the world, 
even as I am not of the world. 15 I pray not that thou 
shouldest take them out of the world, but that thou shouldest 
keep them from the evil. 16 They are not of the world, even 
as I am not of the world. 17 Sanctify them through thy 
Unth : thy word is truth. 18 As thou hast sent me into the 
world, even so have I also sent them into the world. 19 And 
for their sakes I sanctify myself, that they also might be sanc- 
tified through the truth. 20 Neither pray I for these alone ; 
but for them also which shall believe on me through their word : 
21 That they all may be one ; as thou. Father, art in me, and 
1 in thee, that they aJso may be one in us : that the world may 
believe that thou hast sent me. 

363 



617, 618 PERSETEBANCE — POPERT. 



Sealing of the Spirit — Popery predicted. 



Rom. 8: 84 Who is he that condemneth ? It is [is it] Christ 
that died, yea rather, that is risen again, who is even at the 
right hand of God, who also maketh intercession for ns. 

Heb. 7: 25 He is able also to save them to the uttermost 
that come unto God by him, seeing he ever liveth to make in- 
tercession for them. — 9: 24 Christ is not entered into the holy 
places made with hands, which are the figures of the true ; but 
into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us. 

517. " Sealing'^ and " earnest of the Spirit." 

Rom. 8: 23 Not only they, but ourselves also, which have the 
first-fruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within our- 
selves, waiting for the adoption, to vjit, the redemption of our 
body. 

2 Cor. 1: 21 He which establisheth us with Jrou in Christ, 
and hath anointed us, is God ; 22 Who hath also sealed us, 
and given the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts. — 5: 5 He that 
hath wrought us for the selfsame thing is Grod, who also hath 
given unto us the earnest of the Spirit. 

Ep. 1: 13 In whom ye also trusted, after that ye heard the 
word of truth, the gospel of your salvation : in whom also, 
after that ye believed, ye were sealed with the Holy Spirit of 
promise, 14 Which is the earnest of our inheritance until the 
redemption of the purchased possession, unto the praise of his 
glory. — 4: 30 Grieve not the Holy Spirit of God, whereby ye 
are sealed unto the day of redemption. 

2 Tim. 2: 19 The foundation of God standeth sure, having 
this seal. The Lord knoweth them that are his. [See 21.] 

POPERY. 

518. Popery or the Romish hierarchy predicted. 

Dan. 7: 8 I considered the horns, and behold, there came up 
among them another little horn, before whom there were three 
of the first horns plucked up by the roots : and behold, in this 
horn were eyes like the eyes of man, and a mouth speaking 
great things. 24 And the ten horns out of this kingdom are 
ten kings that shall arise : and another shall rise after them ; 
and he shall be diverse from the first, and he shall subdue three 
kings. 25 And he shall speak great words against the Most 
High, and shall wear out the saints of the Most High, and 
think to change times and laws : and they shall be given into 
his hand until a time and times and the dividing of time. 2f 
But the judgment shall sit, and they shall take away his domin 
ion to consume and to destory it unto the end. 
S64 



POPEBT. M8 



Popery predicted. 



2 Th. 2: 3 Let no man deceive you by any means : for thai 
day shall not come, except there come a falling away first, 
and that man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition ; 4 Who 
opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God, or 
that is worshipped; so that he, as God, sitteth in the temple of 
God, shewing himself that he is Grod. 5 Remember ye not, 
that when I was yet with you, I told you these things ? 6 And 
now ye know what withholdeth that he might be revealed in 
his time. 7 For the mystery of iniquity doth already work: 
only he who now letteth ttnU let, until he be taken out of the 
way. 8 And then shall that Wicked be revealed, whom the Lord 
shall consume with the spirit of his mouth, and shall destroy 
with the brightness of his coming : 9 JSven kim, whose coming 
is after the working of Satan, with all power, and sigi^is, and 
lying wonders, 10 And with all deceivableness of unright- 
eousness in them that perish ; because they received not the 
love of the truth, that they might be saved. 

1 Tim. 4: 1 The Spirit speadketh expressly, that in the latter 
times some shall depart from the faith, giving heed to seducing 
spirits, and doctrines of devils ; 2 Speaking lies in hypocrisy^ 
having their conscience seared with a hot iron ; 3 Forbidding to 
marry, and commanding to abstain from meats, which God hath 
created to be received with thanksgiving of them which believe 
and know the truth. 

Rev. 13: 11 I beheld another beast coming up out of the 
earth, and he had two horns like a lamb, and he spake as 
a dragon. 12 And he exerciseth all the power of the first 
beast before him, and causeth the earth and them which dwell 
therein to worship the first beast, whose deadly wound was 
healed. 13 And he doeth great wonders, so that he mak- 
eth fire come down from heaven on the earth in the sight of 
men, 14 And deceiveth them that dwell on the earth by the 
means of those miracles which he had power to do in the sight 
of the beast ; saying to them that dwell on the earth, that they 
should make an image to the beast, which had the wound by a 
sword, and did live. 15 And he had power to give life unto 
the image of the beast, that the image of the beast should both 
speak, and cause that as many as would not worship the image 
of the beast should be killed. 16 And he causeth all, both 
small and great, rich and poor, free and bond, to receive a mark 
in their right hand, or in their foreheads; 17 And that no 
man might buy or sell, save he that had the mark, or the name 
of the beast, or the number of his name. 18 Here is wisdom. 
Let him that hath understanding count the number of Uie 
beast: for it is the number of a man ; and his number is 

31* ^^ 



619 POPEKT. 



Its Tain Pretence respectiDg Peter. 



hundred threescore <md six. — 17: 1 There came one of the 
seven angels which had the seven vials, and talked with me, 
saying unto me, Come hither ; I will shew unto thee the judg- 
ment of the great whore that sitteth upon manj waters ; 2 
With whom the kings of the earth have committed fornication, 
and the inhabitants of the earth have been made drunk with 
the wine of her fornication. 3 So he carried me away in the 
spirit into the wilderness : and I saw a woman sit upon a 
scarlet-colored beast, full of names of blasphemy, having seven 
heads and ten horns. 4 And the woman was arrayed in pur- 
ple and scarlet-color, and decked with gold and precious stones 
and pearls, having a golden cup in her hand full of abomina- 
tions and filthiness of her fornication : 5 And upon her fore- 
head was a name written, MYSTERY, BABYLON THE 
GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS AND ABOM- 
INATIONS OF THE EARTH. 6 And I saw the woman 
drunken with the blood of the saints, and with the blood of 
the martyrs of Jesus : and when 1 saw her, I wondered with 
great admiration. 7 And the angel said unto me. Wherefore 
didst thou marvel ? I will tell thee the mystery of the woman, 
and of the beast that carrieth her, which hath the seven 
heads, and ten horns. 18 And the woman which thou 
sawest is that great city, which reigneth over the kings of 
the earth. 

519. Was Peter made head of the apostles^ or universal bisJiop 7 

Mat. 16: 23 He turned, and said unto Peter, Gret thee 
behind me, Satan ; thou art an offence unto me : for thou savor- 
est not the things that be of God, but those that be of men. — 
20: 25 Jesus called them unto him, and said. Ye know that the 
princes of the Gentiles exercise dominion over them, and they 
that are great exercise authority upon them. 26 But it shall 
not be so among you : but whosoever will be great among you, 
let him be your minister ; 27 And whosoever will be chief 
among you, let him be your servant : 28 Even as the Son of 
man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to 
give his life a ransom for many. 

Ac. 8: 14 When the apostles which were at Jerusalem 
heard that Samaria had received the word of God, they 
sent unto them Peter and John: 15 Who, when they were 
come down, prayed for them that they might receive the Holy 
Ghost — 15: 6 The apostles and elders came together for to 
consider of this matter. 7 And when there had been much 
disputing, Peter rose up and said unto them. Men and brethren, 
je know how that a good while agO; God made choice among 
366 



POPEBY. 520 



Dreadful end of. 



US, that the Gentiles, by my mouth, should hear the word of 
the gospel, and believe. 12 Then all the multitude kept 
silence, and gave audience to Barnabas and Paul, declaring 
what miracles and wonders God had wrought among the Gen- 
tiles by them. 13 And after they had held their peace, James 
answered, saying, Men and brethren, hearken unto me. 14 
Simeon hath declared how God at the first did visit the Gen- 
tiles, to take out of them a people for his name. 15 And to. 
this agree the words of the prophets ; as it is written, 16 After 
this I will retura, and will build again the tabernacle of David 
which is fallen down ; and I will build again the ruins thereof, 
and I will set it up : 17 That the residue of men might seek 
after the Lord, and all the Gentiles, upon whom my name is 
called, saith the Lord, who doeth all these things. 18 Ejiown 
unto God are all his works from the beginning of the world. 
19 Wherefore my sentence is, that we trouble not them, 
which from among the Gentiles are turned to God ; 20 But 
that we write unto them that they abstain from pollutions of 
idols, andyrow fornication, and /rom things strangled, and /rowt 
blood. 

1 Pet. 5: 1 The elders which are among you I exhort, who 
am also an elder, and a witness of the sufierings of Christ, and 
also a partaker of the glory that shall be revealed. 

520. Dreadful end of Popery, 

Dan. 7: 11 I beheld then because of the voice of the great 
words which the horn spake : I beheld even till the beast was 
slain, and his body destroyed, and given to the burning flame. 
26 But the judgment sliall sit, and they shall take away his 
dominion to consume and to destroy it unto the end. 

2 Th. 2: 8 Then shall that Wicked be revealed, whom the 
Lord shall consume with the spirit of his mouth, and shall de- 
stroy with the brightness of his coming. 

Rev. 17: 16 The ten horns which thou sawest upon the beaat, 
these shall hate the whore, and shall make her desolate and 
naked, and shall eat her flesh, and burn her with fire. — 18: 4 
I heard another voice from heaven, saying, Come out of her, 
my people, that ye be not partakers of her sins, and that ye 
receive not of her plagues. 8 Therefore shall her plagues 
come in one day, death, and mourning, and famine ; and she 
shall be utterly bui*ned with fire : for strong is the Lord God 
who judgethher. — 19: 1 After these things I heard a great voice 
of much people in heaven, saying, Alleluia: Salvation, and 
glory, and honor, and power, unto the Lord our God : 2 For 
true and righteous are his judgments : for he hath judged tto 



521, 522 povsBTT. 



Evils of — Ood pitlefl the Poor. 



great whore, which did corrupt the earth with her fornication, 
and hath avenged the hlood of his servants at her hand. 3 And 
again thej said, Alleluia. And her smoke rose up for ever and 
ever. 20 And the beast was taken, and with him the false 
prophet that wrought miracles before him, with which he de- 
ceived them that had received the mark of the beast, and them 
that worshipped lus image. These both were cast alive into a 
lake of fire burning with brimstone. 



POVERTY. 

521. EmU of poverty, 

Pr. 10: 15 The rich man's wealth %8 his strong city : the de- 
struction of the poor is their poverty. — 14: 20 The poor v» 
hated even of his own neighbor, but the rich ha^ many friends. 
— 19: 7 All the brethren of the poor do hate him : how much 
more do his friends go far from him ? he pursueth them with 
words, yet they are wanting to him, — 22: 7 The rich ruletb 
over the poor, and the borrower is servant to the lender. 

Ec. 9: 16 Then said I, Wisdom is better than strength: 
nevertheless the poor man's wisdom is despised, and his words 
are not heard. 

522. Crod pities and hdps ike poor, 

Dt 10: 18 He doth execute the judgment of the fatherless 
and widow, and loveth the stranger, in giving him food and 
raiment. 

Job 5: 15 He saveth the poor from the sword, from their 
mouth, and from the hand of the mighty. 16 So the poor hath 
hope, and iniquity stoppeth her mouth. 

Ps. 10: 14 Thou hast seen it ; for thou beholdest mischief and 
spite, to requite it with thy hand : the poor committeth himself 
unto thee ; thou art the helper of the fatherless. 17 Lord, 
thou hast heard the desire of the humble : thou wilt prepare 
their heart, thou wilt cause thine ear to hear : 18 To judge the 
fatherless and the oppressed, that the man of the earth may 
no more oppress. — 72: 12 He shall deliver the needy when he 
crieth : the poor also, and him that hath no helper. 13 He 
shall spare the poor and needy, and shall save the souls of the 
needy. 14 He shall redeem their soul from deceit and vio- 
lence : and precious shall their blood be in his sight. — 102: 17 
He will regard the prayer of the destitute, and not despise their 
prayer. — 140: 12 I know that the Lord will maintain the cause 
of the afflicted, wnd the right of the poor. — - 146: 9 The Lord 
368 



POVERTY. 628 



God hates Oppressors. 



preserveth the strangers ; he relieveth the fatherless and 
widow : but the way of the wicked he turneth upside down. 
[See 224-5.] 

523. Oppression of the poor forbidden — Threats, 

Ex. 22: 21 Thou shalt neither vex a stranger, nor oppress 
him : for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt. 22 Ye shall 
not afliict any widow, or fatherless child. 

Ps. 12; 5 For the oppression of the poor, for the sighing of 
the needy, now will I arise, saith the Lord ; I will set him in 
ssSeijfrom him ^Aa^puffeth at him. — 72: 4 He shall judge the 
poor of the people, he shall save the children of the needy, and 
shall break in pieces the oppressor. 

Pr. 21: 13 Whoso stoppeth his ears at the cry of the poor, 
he also shall cry himself, but shall not be heard. — 22: 16 He 
that oppresseth the poor to increase liis riches, and he that giveth 
to the rich, shall surely come to want. 22 Rob not the poor, 
because he is poor : neither oppress the afflicted in the gate. — 
23: 10 Remove not the old landmark ; and enter not into the 
fields of the fatherless. 

Is. 3: 15 What mean ye that ye beat my people to pieces, 
and grind the faces of the poor ? saith the Lord God of hosts. 
— 10: 1 Wo unto them that decree unrighteous decrees, and 
that write grievousness which they have prescribed ; 2 To turn 
aside the needy from judgment, and to take away the right 
from the poor of my people, that widows may be their prey, 
and that they may rob the fatherless ! 3 And what will ye do 
in the day of visitation, and in the desolation which shall come 
from far ? to whom will ye flee for help ? and where will ye 
leave your glory ? 

Am. 8: 4 Hear this, O ye that swallow up the needy, even 
to make the poor of the land to fail, 5 Saying, When will the 
new-moon be gone, that we may sell corn ? and the sabbath, 
that we may set forth wheat, making the ephah small, and the 
shekel great, and falsifying the balances by deceit ? 6 That 
we may buy the poor for silver, and the needy for a pair of 
shoes ; yea, and sell the refuse of the wheat. 7 The Lord 
hath sworn by the excellency of Jacob, Surely I will never 
forget any of their works. 

Mai. 3: 5 I will come near to you to judgment : and I will 
be a swift witness against the sorcerers, and against the adul- 
terers, and against false swearers, and against those that op- 
press the hireling in his wages, the widow, and the fatherless, 
and that turn aside the stranger from his right and fear not 
me, saith the Lord of hosts. [See 490, 679.] 



Ui — 526 POVERTY. 



Poor sobjects of dlTioe gnee— A contnfft— Doty to aid the poor. 



ftS4. The poor often dutingttished by GotTt special grace. 

Lk. 1: 52 He Lath put down the mighty from their seats, 
and exalted them of low degree. 53 He hath filled the hmigiy 
with good things, and the rich he hath sent empty awaj. — 
4: 18 The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, hec^ise he hath 
anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor ; he hath sent me 
to heal the broken-hearted, to preach deliverance to the ci^ 
tiyes, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them 
that are bruised. — 10: 21 In that hour Jesus rejoiced in spirit, 
and said, I thank thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, 
that thou liast hid these things from the wise and prudent^ 
and hast revealed them unto babes : even so, Father ; for so it 
seemed good in thy sight. — 14: 21 So that servant came, and 
shewed his lord these things. Then the master of the house 
being angry, said to his servant, Go out quickly into the streets 
and lanes of the city, and bring in hither the poor, and the 
maimed, and the halt, and the blind. 

1 Cor. 1: 26 Ye see your calling, brethren, how that not 
many wise men after tlie fiesh, not many mighty, not many 
noble are called: 27 But God hath chosen the foolish things 
of the world to confound the wise ; and Grod hath chosen the 
weak things of the world to confound the things which are 
niighty ; 28 And base things of the world, and things which 
are despised, hath God chosen, yea, and things which are not, 
to bring to nought things tliat are. 29 That no fiesh should 
^ry in his presence. 

Jam. 2: 5 Hearken, my beloved bretliren, Hath not Grod 
chosen the poor of this world rich in faith, and heirs of the 
kingdom which he hath promised to them that love him ? 

525. Future contrast between t/ie humble poor, and their oppressors. 

1 S. 2: 8 He raiseth up the poor out of the dust, and lifteth 
up the beggar from the dunghill, to set them among princes, and 
to make them inherit the throne of glory. 

Lk. IG: 25 Abraham said, Son, remember that thou in thy 
lifetime receivedst thy good things, and likewise Lazarus evil 
things : but now he is comforted, and thou art tormented. 

[See 513, 550.] 

626. Duty to help the poor and the afflicted, and to avoid prejudice and par" 
UaUty, 

Lev. 19: 9 When ye reap the harvest of your land, thou 
shalt not wholly reap the corners of thy field, neither shalt thou 
gather the gleanings of thy harvest 10 And thou shalt nol 
dean thy vineyard, neither shalt thou gather every grape oi 
870 



POVEBTT. 527 



Helping the Poor encouzaged. 



thy vineyard ; thoa shalt leave them for the poor and stranger : 
I am the Lord your God. — 25: 35 If thy brother be waxen 
poor, and fallen in decay with thee ; then thou shalt relieve 
him : yea, though he he 2k stranger, or a sojourner : that he may 
live with thee. 

Dt. 15: 10 Thou shalt surely give him, and thine heart shall 
not be grieved when thou givest unto him : because that for 
this thing the Lord thy God shall bless thee in all thy works, 
and in all that thou puttest thine hand unto. 11 For the poor 
shall never cease out of the land : therefore I command thee, 
saying. Thou shalt open thine hand wide unto thy brother, to 
thy poor, and to thy needy, in thy land. 

Dan. 4: 27 Wherefore, O king, let my counsel be acceptable 
unto thee, and break off thy sins by righteousness, and thine 
iniquities by shewing mercy to the poor ; if it may be a length- 
ening of thy tranquillity. 

Jam. 1: 27 Pure religion and undefiled before God and the 
Father is this. To visit the fatherless and widows in their afflic- 
tion, and to keep himself unspotted from the world. — 2: 1 My 
brethren, have not the faith of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Lord 
of glory, with respect of persons. 2 For if there come unto 
your assembly, a man with a gold ring, in goodly apparel, and 
there come in also a poor man in vile raiment ; 3 And ye have 
respect to him that weareth the gay clothing, and say unto him, 
Sit thou here in a good place ; and say to the poor. Stand thou 
there, or sit here under my footstool : 4 Are ye not then par- 
tial in yourselves, and are become judges of evil thoughts ? 5 
Hearken, my beloved brethren. Hath not Grod chosen the poor 
of this world rich in faith, and heirs of the kingdom which he 
hath promised to them that love him ? 6 But ye have despised 
the poor. Do not rich men oppress you, and draw you before 
the judgment^seats ? 7 Do not they blaspheme that worthy 
name by the which ye are called ? 8 If ye fulfil the royal law 
according to the scripture. Thou shalt love thy neighbor as 
thyself, ye do well: 9 But if ye have respect to persons, ye 
commit sin, and are convinced of the law as transgressors. 

1 Jn. 3: 17 Whoso hath this world's good, and seeth his 
brother have need, and shutteth up his bowels of compassion 
from him, how dwelleth the love of God in him. 
[See 7, 687.] 

527. Encouragements to Ivdp the poor. 

Ps. 41 : 1 Blessed is he that considereth the poor : the Lord 
will deUver him in time of trouble. 2 The Lord will preserve 
him, and keep him alive ; (md he shall be blessed upon the 

871 



528 PRAISS TO GOD. 



In prirate and aocul vorship. 



earth : and thou wilt not deliver him unto the will of his ene- 
mies. 

Ps. 112: 9 He hath dispersed, he hath given to the poor ; his 
righteousness endureth for ever ; his horn shall be exalted with 
honor. 

Pr. 19: 17 He that hath pitj upon the poor, lendeth unto the 
Lord ; and that which he hath given will he pay him again. 
— 22: 9 He that hath a bountiful eje shall be blessed ; for he 
giveth of his bread to the poor. 

Mat. o: 7 Blessed are the merciful : for they shall obtain 
mercy. — 25: 34 Then shall the King say unto them on his 
right hand, Come, ye blessed of my Father, inherit the king- 
dom prepared ^^r you from the foundation of the world : 35 
For I was an hungerd, and ye gave me meat : I was thirsty, 
and ye gave me drink : I was a stranger, and ye took me in : 
86 Naked, and ye clothed me; I was sick, and ye Tisited 
me ; I was in prison, and ye came unto me. 

[See 354, 408, 630, 686.] 



PRAISE TO GOD. 

528. Praising God in private and social vxnship required and exemplijied. 

Ps. 9: 11 Sing praises to the Lord, which dwelleth in Zion, 
declare among the people his doings. — 22: 22 I will declare 
thy name unto my brethren : in the midst of the congregation 
wfll I praise thee. — 35: 18 I will give thee thanks in the great 
congregation : I will praise thee among much people. — 47: 6 
Sing praises to God, sing praises : sing praises unto our King, 
sing praises. 7 For Grod is the King of all the earth : sing 
ye praises with understanding. — 95: 1 O come, let us sing 
unto the Lord : let us make a joyful noise to the Rock of our 
salvation. 2 Let us come before his presence with thanks- 
giving, and make a joyful noise unto him with psalms. 3 For 
the Lord is a great God, and a great King above all gods. — 
100: 1 Make a joyful noise unto the Lord, all ye lands. 2 
Serve the Lord with gladness : come before his presence with 
singing. 4 Enter into his gates with thanksgiving, and into 
his courts with praise : be thankful unto him, and bless his 
name. 5 For the Lord is good ; his mercy is everlasting ; 
and his truth endureth to all generations. — 107: 31 O that men 
would praise the Lord /or his goodness, and /or his wonderful 
works to the children of men ! 32 Let them exalt him also in 
the congregation of the people, and praise him in the assembly 
of the dders. — 150: 1 Piaise ye the Lord. Praise God in 
372 



PKAYER. 529, 530 

Praise should be deTout — Prayer important and necessary. 

his sanctuary : praise him in the firmament of hiP power. 2 
Praise him for his mighty acts: praise him according to hia 
excellent greatness. 3 Praise him with the sound of the 
trumpet: praise him with the psaltery and harp. 4 Praise 
him with the timbrel and dance: praise him with stringed in- 
struments and organs. 5 Praise him upon the loud cimhals : 
praise him upon the high-sounding cymbals. 6 Let every thing 
that hath breath praise the Lord. Praise ye the Lord. 

Mat. 26: 30 When they had sung an hymn, they went out 
into the mount of Olives. 

Ac. 16: 25 At midnight Paul and Silas prayed, and sang 
praises unto God : and the prisoners heard them. 

Heb. 13: 15 By him therefore let us offer the sacrifice of 
praise to Grod continually, that is, the fruit of our lips, giving 
thanks to his name. [Ps. 57: 7 — 11, and 92: 1 — 4, and 96: 1 — 4.] 

[See 747.] 

529. Praise should be offered with a devout heart. 

Ps. Ill: 1 I will praise the Lord with my whole heart, in 
the assembly of the upright, and in the congregation. 

1 Cor. 14: 15 What is it then ? I will pray with the spirit, 
and I will pray with the understanding also : I will sing with 
the spirit, and I will sing with the understanding also. 

Ep. 5: 19 Speaking to yourselves in psalms, and hymns, and 
spiritual songs, singing and making melody in your heart to 
the Lord. 20 Giving thanks always for all things unto God 
and the Father, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ. 

Col. 3: 16 Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly in al 
wisdom; teaching and admonishing one another in psalms, 
and hymns, and spiritual songs, singing with grace in your 
hearts to the Lord. [See 333.] 



PRAYER. 

^30. Prayer an important and necessary duty. 

Job. 42: 8 Take unto you now seven bullocks and seven 
lams, and go to my servant Job, and offer up for yourselves a 
burnt-offering ; and my servant Job shall pray for you : for 
him will I accept : lest I deal with you after your folly, in that 
ye have not spoken of me the thing which is right, like my 
servant Job. 

Is. 55: 6 Seek ye the Lord while he may be found, call ye 
upon him while he is near. — 62: 6 I have set watchmen upon 
thy walls, O Jerusalem, which shall nevter hold their peace day 

32 ^1^ 



580 



ImporUuit and neccMuy. 



nor night : je that make mention of the Lord, keep not silenoe^ 
7 And give him no rest, till he establish, and till he make Je- 
msalem a praise in the earth. 

Ezk. 36: 37 Thus saith the Lord God; I will yet for this 
be inquired of bj the house of Israel, to do it for them ; J will 
increase them with men like a -flock. 

Mat. 5: 44 Pray for them which despitefullj use 700, and 
persecute you. — 6: 9 After this manner therefore pray ye: 
Oor Father which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name. 10 
Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done in earth as if is in 
heaven, i 1 Give us this day our daily bread. 12 And for- 
give us our debts, as we forgive our debtors. 13 And lead us 
not into temptation, but deliver us from eviL For thine is the 
kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever. — 26: 41 
Watch and pray, that ye enter not into temptation : the spirit 
indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak. 

Lk. 18: 1 He spake a parable unto them to this eridy that 
men ought always to pray, and not to faint. 

Ep. 6: 18 Praying always with all prayer and supplication 
in the Spirit, and watching thereunto with all perseverance 
and supplication for all saints. 

Ph. 4: 6 Be careful for nothing ; but in every thing by prayer 
and supplication with thanksgiving let your reque^ be made 
known unto Grod. 

Col. 4: 2 Continue in prayer, and watch in the same with 
thanksgiving. 

1 Th. 3: 10 Night and day praying exceedingly that we 
might see your face, and might perfect that which is lacking 
in your faith? — 5: 17 Pray without ceasing. 18 Li every 
thing give thanks. 

1 Tim. 2: 1 I exhort therefore, that, first of all, supplications^ 
prayers, intercessions, and giving of thanks be made for all 
men : 2 For kings, and for all that are in authority ; that we 
may lead a quiet and peaceable life in all godliness and hon- 
esty. 3 For this is good and acceptable in the sight of Grod 
our Saviour. 8 I will therefore that men pray every where, 
lifting up holy hands, without wrath and doubting. 

Heb. 4: 15 We have not a high priest which cannot be 
touched with the feeling of our infirmities: but was in all 
points tempted like as we arty yet without sin. 16 Let us 
therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace, that we may 
obtain mercy, and fijid grace to help in time of need. 

Jam. 5: 13 Is any among you afflicted? let him pray. 16 
Confess your &ults one to another, and pray one for aDOther^ 
that ye may be healed. 
874 



PRA.TBB. 531—588 



Secret Prayer — Mental Pvayer — Audible Prayei required. 

1 Pet 4: 7 The end of all things is at hand : be ye there* 
fore sober, and watch unto prayer. [See 64.] 

531. Secret prayer required and exemplified. 

Ps. 119: 62 At midnight I will rise to give thanks unto 
thee, because of thy righteous judgments. 

Mat. 6: 6 When thou prayest, enter into thy closet, and 
when thou hast shut thy door, pray to thy Father which is in 
secret ; and thy Father, which seeth in secret, shall reward 
thee openly. — 14: 23 When he had sent the multitudes away, 
he went up into a mountain apart to pray : and when the even- 
ing was come, he was there aione. 

Mk. 1: 35 In the morning, rising up a gi'eat while before 
day, he went out and departed into a soHtary place, and there 
prayed. 

Lk. 5: 16 He withdrew himself into the wilderness, and 
prayed. [See 665.] 

532. Mental prayer exemplified. 

1 S. 1: 12 It came to pass, as she continued praying before 
the Lord, that Eli marked her mouth. 13 Now Hannah she 
spake in her heart ; only her lips moved, but her voice was not 
heard : therefore Eli thought she had been drunken. 14 And 
Eli said unto her. How long wilt thou be drunken ? put away 
thy wine from thee. 15 And Hannah answered and said, No, 
my lord, I am a woman of a sorrowful spirit : I have drunk 
neither wine nor strong drink, but have poured out my soul 
before the Lord. 16 Count not thine handmaid for a daugh- 
ter of Belial : for out of the abundance of my complaint and 
grief have I spoken hitherto. 

Neh. 2: 4 The king said unto me. For what dost thou make 
request ? So I prayed to the God of heaven. 5 And I said 
unto the king, If it please the king, and if thy servant have 
found favor in thy sight, that thou wouldest send me unto 
Judah, unto the city of my fathers' sepulchres, that I may 
build it. 

533. Prayer, verbal and audible^ required and exemplified. 

1 K. 8: 22 Solomon stood before the altar of the Lord in 
the presence of all the congregation of Israel, and spread 
forth his hands toward heaven : 23 And he said. Lord Grod 
of Israel, there is no God hke thee, in heaven above, or on 
earth beneath, who keepest covenant and mercy with thy 
servants that walk before thee with all their heart: 28 Yet 
have thou respect unto the prayer of thy servant^ and to his 

875 



693 PRATBR. 

Audible Prayer xequixed. 



sapplication, O Lord my God, to hearken unto the cry and 
to the prayer, which thy servant prayeth before thee to-day: 
29 That thine eyes may be open toward this house night and 
day, even toward the place of which thou hast said, My name 
shall be there: that thou mayest hearken unto the prayer 
which thy servant shall make towai'd this place. 30 And 
hearken thou to the supplication of thy servant, and of thy 
people Israel, when they shall pray toward this place : and 
hear thou in heaven thy dwelling-place : and when thou hear- 
est, forgive. 

Ps. 55: 16 As for me, I will call upon Grod: and the Lord 
shall save me. 17 Evening, and morning, and at noon, will I 
pray, and cry aloud: and he shall hear my voice. — 86: 3 Be 
merciful unto me, O Lord : for I cry unto thee daily. 

Dan. 9: 19 O Lord, hear ; O Lord, forgive ; Lord, heark- 
en and do ; defer not, for thine own sake, O my Grod : for thy 
city and thy people are called by thy name. 20 And while I 
was speaking, and praying, and confessing my sin, and the 
sin of my people Israel, and presenting my supplication before 
the Lord my God for the holy mountain of my God ; 21 
Yea, while I was speaking in prayer, even the man Gabriel, 
whom I had seen in the vision at the beginning, being caused 
to fly swiftly, touched me about the time of the evening ob- 
lation. 

Hos. 14: 2 Take with you words, and turn to the Lord : say 
unto him. Take away all iniquity, and receive us graciously: 
so will we render the calves of our lips. 

Joel 1: 14 Sanctify ye a fast, call asolenm assembly, gather 
the elders and all the inhabitants of the land into the house of 
the Lord your God, and cry unto the Lord. 

Mat. 26: 39 He went a little further, and fell on his face, 
and prayed, saying, O my Father, if it be possible, let this cup 
pass from me : nevertheless, not as I will, but as thou vnli, 
42 He went away again the second time, and prayed, saying, 

my Father, if this cup may not pass away from me, except 

1 drink it, thy will be done. 

Mk. 8: 6 He commanded the people to sit down on the 
ground : and he took the seven loaves, and gave thanks, and 
brake, and gave to his disciples to set before them ; and they 
did set them before the people. 

Ac. 1: 24 They prayed, and said. Thou, Lord, which know- 
est the hearts of all men, shew whether of these two thou hast 
chosen. — 7: 59 They stoned Stephen, calling upon GocL, and 
saying, Lord Jesus, receive my spirit. 60 And he kneeled 
down and cried with a loud yoicey Lord, lay not this sin to their 
876 



FBATEB. 534 — 536 

Nature of acceptable Prayer. 



diarge. And when he had said this, he fell asleep. — 20: 36 
When he had thus spoken, he kneeled down, and prayed with 
them ail. 



NATURE OF ACCEPTABLE PRAYER. 

534. Devout prayer includes love and obedience to God. 

Ps. 37: 4 Delight thyself also in the Lord ; and he shall 
give thee the desires of thy heart. 

Pr. 28: 9 He that turneth away his ear from hearing the 
law, even his prayer shall he abomination. 

Jn. 9: 31 We know that God heareth not sinners : but if 
any man be a worshipper of God, and doeth his will, him he 
heareth. 

1 Jn. 3: 22 Whatsoever we ask, we receive of him, because 
we keep his commandments, and do those things that are 
pleasing in his sight. [See 289.] 

535. Acceptable prayer includes faith in God. 

Heb. 10: 22 Let us draw near with a true heart, in full as- 
surance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil 
conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water. — 11: 6 
Without faith it is impossible to please him : for he that com- 
eth to God must believe that he is, and that he is a rewarder 
of them that diligently seek him. 

Jam. 1: 5 If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, 
that giveth to all men liberally, and upbraideth not ; and it 
shall be given him. 6 But let him ask in faith, nothing wa- 
vering. For he that wavereth is hke a wave of the sea driven 
with the wind and tossed. 7 For let not that man think that 
he shall receive any thing of the Lord. [See 293.] 

536. True prayer includes submission to God. 

Ps. 37: 7 Rest in the Lord, and wait patiently for him. 
40: 1 I waited patiently for the Lord ; and he inclined unto 



me, and heard my cry. 

Mat 6: 9 After this manner therefore pray ye : Our Father 
which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name. 10 Thy king- 
dom come. Thy will be done in earth as it is in heaven.-— 
26: 39 He went a little further, and fell on his face, and prayed, 
saying, O my Father, if it be possible, let this cup pasy from 
me : nevertheless, not as I will, but as thou wilt. 

Lk. 22: 41 He was withdrawn from them about a stone's 
eaaty and kneeled down, and prayed^ 42 Saying, Father, if 

82* zn 



587, 538 PRATES. 



Nature of acceptable Prayer. 



thou be willing, remove this cup from me : nevertheless, not 
my will, but thine, be done. 

Ac. 21: 14 When he would not be persuaded, we ceased, 
Baying, The will of the Lord be done. [See 278, 298.] 

537. Prayer includes humility^ confesv'on, and repentance. 

2 Ch. 7: 14 If my people, which are called by my name, 
shall humble themselves, and pray, and seek my mce, and turn 
fix)m their wicked ways ; then will I hear from heaven, and 
will forgive their sin, and will heal their land. — 33: 12 When 
he was in affliction, he besought the Lord his God, and 
humbled himself greatly before the God of his fathers, 13 
And prayed unto him: and he was entreated of him, and 
heard his supplication, and brought him again to Jerusalem 
into his kingdom. Then Manasseh knew that the Lord he 
tocu God. 

Ps. 9: 12 When he maketh inquisition for blood, he remem- 
bereth them : he forgetteth not the cry of the humble. 

Lk. 18: 13 The publican, standing afar off, would not lift up 
BO much as his eyes unto heaven, but smote upon his breast, 
saying, God be merciful- to me a sinner. 14 I tell you, this 
man went down to his house justified rather than the other: 
for every one that exalteth himself shall be abased ; and he 
that humbleth himself shall be exalted. 

[See 124, 356-7, 663.] 

538. Prayer includes a supreme regard for God 's glory. 

1 K. 18: 36 It came to pass at the time of the offering of the 
evening sacrifice, that Elijah the prophet came near and said, 
Lord God of Abraham, Isaac, and of Israel, let it be known 
this day that thou art Grod in Israel, and that I am thy servant, 
and that 1 have done all these things at thy word. 37 Hear 
me, O Lord, hear me, that this people may know that thou 
art the Lord God, and that thou hast turned their heart back 
again. 

Ps. 25: 11 For thy name's sake, O Lord, pardon mine 
iniquity; for it is great. — 79: 9 Help us, O God of our salva- 
tion, for the glory of thy name : and deliver us, and purge 
away our sins, for thy name's sake. — 143: 11 Quicken me, O 
Lord, for thy name's sake : for thy righteousness' sake bring 
my soul out of trouble. 

Is. 37: 20 O Lord our God, save us from his hand, that all 
the kingdoms of the eai*th may know that thou art the Lord, 
even thou only. 

Dan. 9: 17 O our God, hear the prayer of thy servaiiti and 
378 



PBATEB. 539, 540 



Nature of acceptable Prayer. 



his supplications, and cause thy face to shine upon thy sanctu- 
ary that is desolate, for the Lord's sake. 18 my Grod, incline 
thine ear, and hear : open thine eyes, and behold our desola- 
tions, and the city which is called by thy name : for we do not 
present our supplications before thee for our righteousness, but 
for thy great mercies. 19 O Lord, hear; O Lord, forgive; 
O Lord, hearken and do ; defer not, for thine own sake, O my 
God : for thy city and thy people are called by thy name. 
[See 300, 662.] 

539. Acceptable prayer includes a forgiving temper. 

Mat. 6: 9 After this manner therefore p^ay ye : Our Father 
which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name. 12 And forgive 
us our debts, as we forgive our debtors. 

Mk. 11: 25 When ye stand praying, forgive, if ye have aught 
against any : that your Father also which is in heaven may 
forgive you your trespasses. 26 But, if ye do not forgive, 
neither will your Father. which is in heaven forgive your 
trespasses. 

Lk. 23: 34 Then said Jesus, Father, forgive them : for they 
know not what they do. [See 203.], 

540. Prayer includes importunity and pei'sevei'ance. 

Gen. 32: 24 Jacob was left alone ; and there wrestled a man 
with him, until the breaking of the day. 25 And when he 
saw that he prevailed not against him, he touched the hollow 
of his thigh : and the hoUov/ of Jacob's thigh was out of joint, 
as he wrestled with him. 26 And he said, Let me go, for the 
day breaft^eth : And he said, I will not let thee go, except thou 
bless me. ^^ 

Is. ^2: 1 For Zion's sake will I not hold my peace, and for 
Jerusalem's sake I will not rest, until the righteousness thereof 
go forth as brightness, and the salvation thereof as a lamp that 
bumeth. 6 I have set watchmen upon thy walls, O Jerusalem, 
which shall never hold their peace day nor night : ye that make 
mention of the Lord, keep not silence, 7 And give him no 
rest, till he establish, and till he make Jerusalem a praise in 
the earth. 

Lk. 6: 12 It came to pass in those days, that he went out 
into a mountain to pray, and continued all night in prayer to 
God. — 11: 5 He said unto them, Which of you shall have a 
friend, and shall go unto him at midnight, and say unto him, 
Friend, lend me three loaves : 6 For a friend of mine in his 
journey is come to me, and I have nothing to set before him ? 
7 And he from within shall answer and say, Trouble me not : 

379 



941, 542 PRATER. ^ 

Nature of acceptable Prayer. 



the door is now shut, and mj children are with me ill bed ; I 
cannot rise and give thee. 8 I say unto you, though he will 
not rise and give him, because he is his friend, yet because 
of his importunity he will rise and give him as many as he 
needeth. — 18: 1 He spake a parable unto them to this end, that 
men ought always to pray, and not to faint ; 5 Yet, because 
this widow troubleth me, I will avenge her, lest by her con- 
tinual coming she weary me. 7 And shall not God avenge 
his own elect, which cry day and night unto him, though he 
bear long with them ? 8 I tell you that he will avenge them 
speedily. 

Rom. 12: 12 Rejoicing in hope ; patient in tribulation ; con- 
tinuing instant in prayer. 

Ep. 6: 18 Praying always with all prayer and supplication 
in the Spirit, and watching thereunto with all perseveranoe and 
supplication for all saints. 

Col. 4: 2 Continue in prayer, and watch in the same with 
thanksgiving. 

1 Th. 3: 10 Night and day praying exceedingly that we 
might see your face, and might perfect that which is lacking in 
your faith? — 5:17 Pray .without ceasing. [See 514.] 

541. Prayer should be offered in Christ^ 8 name. 

Jn. 16: 24 Hitherto have ye asked nothing in my name : ask, 
and ye shall receive, that your joy may be foil. 

Col. 3: 17 Whatsoever ye do in word or deed, do all in. the 
name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God and the Father 
by him. 

542. Prayer implies godly sincerity. 

Ps. 145: 18 The Lord is nigh unto all them that call upon 
him, to all that call upon him in truth. 

Is. 29: 13 The Lord said, Forasmuch as this people draw 
near me with their mouth, and with their lips do honor me, 
but have removed their heart far from me, and their fear 
toward me is taught by the precept of men : 14 Therefore 
behold, I will proceed to do a marvellous work among this 
people. 

Jer. 29: 13 Ye shall seek me, and find me, when ye shall 
search for me with all your heart [Dt. 4: 29.] 

Mat. 15: 7 Te hypocrites, well did Esaias prophesy of you, 
saying, 8 This people draweth nigh unto me with their mouth, 
and honoreth me with their lips ; but their heart is far fix>m 
me. [See 333.] 

380 



PRAYER. 543 — 545 

Various postures in — Heard and answered. 

543. Prayer implies holy sympathy and compassion. 

Pr. 21: 13 Whoso stoppeth his ears at the cry of the poor, 
he also shall cry himself, but shall not be heard. 

Is. 58: 7 Is it not to deal thy bread to the hungry, and that 
thou bring the poor that are cast out to thy house ? when thou 
seest the naked, that thou cover him ; and that thou hide not 
thyself from thine own flesh ? 9 Then shalt thou call, and the 
Lord shall answer. 

544. Various postures in prayer — (no sitting.) 

Ex. 9: 29 Moses said unto him. As soon as I am gone out 
of the city, I will spread abroad my hands unto the Lord ; and 
the thunder shall cease, neither shall there be any more hail ; 
that thou mayest know how that the earth is the Lord's. 

1 K. 8: 22 Solomon stood before the altar of the Lord in 
the presence of all the congregation of Israel, and spread forth 
his hands toward heaven. 

2 Ch. 6: 13 (Solomon had made a brazen scaffold, of five 
cubits long, and five cubits broad, and three cubits high, and 
had set it in the midst of the court : and upon it he stood, and 
kneeled down upon his knees before" all the congregation of 
Israel, and spread forth his hands toward heaven.) 

Mat. 26: 39 He went a little further, and fell on his face, and 
prayed, saying, O my Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass 
from me: nevertheless, not as I will, but as thou vnlt, 

Mlt. 1 1: 25 When ye stand praying, forgive, if ye have aught 
against any. 

Lk. 22: 41 He was withdrawn from them about a stone's 
cast, and kneeled down, and prayed, 42 Saying, Father, if thou 
be willing, remove this cup from me : nevertheless, not my will, 
but thine, be done. 

Ac 20: 36 When he had thus spoken, he kneeled down, and 
prayed with them all. 

545. Prayer heard and answered — its efficacy. 

Gen. 18: 32 He said. Oh, let not the Lord be angry, and I 
will speak yet but this once : Peradventure ten shall be found 
there. And he said, I will not destroy it for ten's sake. — 32: 28 
He said. Thy name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel : 
for as a prince hast thou power with God, and with men, and 
hast prevailed. 

Hos. 12: 4 Yea, he had power over the angel, and prevailed: 
he wept, and made supplication unto him. 

Ex. 32: 11 Moses besougl^t the Lord his Grod, and said. 
Lord, why doth thy wrath wax hot against thy people^ 



645 



Heard aad uiBiratcd. 



which thou hast brought forth out of the land of !Egjpt, with 
great power, and with a mighty hand? 14 And the Lokd 
repented of the evil which he thought to do unto his peoplei 
[Dt. 9: 14, 18—20.] 

Num. 11:2 The people cried unto Moses ; and when Moses 

prayed unto the Lord, the fire was quenched. — 14: 19 Pardon, 

I beseech thee, the iniquity of this people according unto the 

J greatness of thy mercy, and as thou hast forgiven this people, 

'from i^gypt even until now. 20 And the Lord said, I have 

pardoned according to thy word. 

Dt. 2G: 7 When we cried unto the Lord God of our fatheis, 
the Lord heard our voice, and looked on our affliction, and oor 
labor, and our oppression : 8 And the Lord brought us f(^ 
out of Egypt with a mighty hand, and with an out-stretched 
arm, and with great terribleness, and with signs, and with 
wonders. 

1 S. 1: 27 For this child I prayed ; and the Lord hath given 
me my petition which I asked of him. — 12: 18 So Samuel 
called unto the Lord ; and the Lord sent thunder and nun 
that day: and all the people greatly feared the LiORD and 
Samuel. 

1 K. 17: 22 The Lord heard the voice of Elijah ; and the 
soul of the child came into him again, and he revived. — 18:37 
Hear me, O Lord, hear me, that this people may know that 
thou art the Lord God, and that thou hast turned their heart 
back again. 38 Then the fire of the Lord fell, and consuioed 
the burnt-sacrifice, and the wood, and the stones, and the dos^ 
and licked up the water that was in the trench. 

2 K. 6: 18 When they came down to him, Elisha prayed 
unto the Lord, and said, Smite this people, I pray thee, with 
blindness. And he smote them with blindness, according to 
the word of Elisha. — 19: 20 Isaiah the son of Amoz sent to 
Hezekiah, saying. Thus saith the Lord God of Israel, 77iat 
which thou hast prayed to me against Sennacherib khig of 
Assyria I have heard. — 20: 5 Turn again, and tell Hezekiah 
the captain of my people. Thus saith the Lord, the God of 
David thy father, I have heard thy prayer, I have seen thy 
tears : behold, I will heal thee : on the third day thou shalt go 
up unto the house of the Lord. 6 And I will add unto thy 
days fifteen years ; and I will deliver thee and this city out of 
the hand of the king of Assyria ; and I will defend this city 
for mine own sake, and for my servant David's sake. 11 And 
Isaiah the prophet cried unto the Lord : and he brought the 
shadow ten degrees backward, fay which it had gone down in 
the dial of Ahaz. 

882 



FRATEB. 545 

Heard and answered* 



1 Ch. 4: 10 Jabez called on the Grod of Israel, saying, Oh 
that thou wouldest bless me indeed, and enlarge my coast, and 
that thine hand might be with me, and that thou wouldest keep 
me from evil, that it may not grieve me ! And God granted 
him that which he requested. 

Ps. 18: 6 In my distress I called upon the Lord, and cried ] 
unto my Grod : he heard my voice out of his temple, and my / 
cry came before him, even into his ears. — 34: 4 I sought the 
Lord, and he heard me, and delivered me from all my fears. 
5 They looked unto him, and were lightened : and their faces 
were not ashamed. 6 This poor man cried, and the Lord 
heard him^ and saved him out of all his troubles. 10 The 
young lions do lack, and suffer hunger : but they that seek the 
Lord shall not want any good </tm^. 34:15 The eyes of the 
Lord are upon the righteous, and his ear^ are open unto their 
cry. 17 The righteous cry, and the Lord heareth, and deliv- 
ereth them out of all their troubles. — 50: 15 Call upon me in 
the day of trouble : I will deliver thee, and thou shalt glorify 
me. — 65: 2 thou that hearest prayer, unto thee shall all 
flesh come. — 66: 19 Verily God hath heard me; he hath 
attended to the voice of my prayer. 20 Blessed he God, which 
hath not turned away my prayer, nor his mercy from me. — 
84: 11 The Lord Grod is a sun and shield: the Lord will 
give grace and glory ; no good thing will he withhold from 
them that walk uprightly. — 86: 5 Thou, Lord, art good, and 
ready to forgive ; and plenteous in mercy unto all them that 
call upon thee. — 91: 15 He shall call upon me, and I will ] 
answer him : I wiU he with him in trouble ; I will deliver him,* 
and honor him. — 106: 23 He said that he would destroy them, 
had not Moses his chosen stood before him in the breach, to turn 
away his wrath, lest he should destroy them, — 118: 5 I called ^ 
upon the Lord in distress : the Lord answered me, and set me " 
in a large place. — 145: 18 The Lord is nigh unto all them 
that call upon him, to all that call upon him in truth. 19 He 
will fulfil the desire of them that fear him : he also will hear 
their cry, and will save them. 

Is. 45: 19 I said not unto the seed of Jacob, Seek ye me in 
vain : I the Lord speak righteousness, I declare things that 
are right. — 65: 24 It shall come to pass, that before they call, i 
I will answer ; and while they are yet speaking, I will hear. 

Jer. 15: 1 Then said the Lord unto me, Though Moses and 
Samuel stood before me, yet my mind coidd not he toward this 
people : cast them out of my sight, and let them go forth. — 33: 3 
Call unto me, and I will ans^rer thee, and shew thee great and 
miglity things, which thou knowest not. 

383 



645 PRATER. 



£zk. 14: 14 Though these three men, Noah, Daniel, and Job, 
were in it, they should deliver but their own souls bj their 
righteousness, faith the Lord God. [V. 20.] 

Dan. 9: 21 Yea, while I teas speaking in prayer, even the 
man Gabriel, whom I had seen in the vision at the beginning, 
being caused to fly swiftly, touched me about the time of the 
evening oblation. 22 And he informed me, and talked with 
me, and said, O Daniel, I am now come forth to give thee skill 
and understanding. 23 At the beginning of thy supplications 
the commandment came forth, and I am come to shew thee ; 
for thou art greatly beloved. — 10: 12 Then said he unto me, 
Fear not, Daniel : for from the first day that ihou didst set thine 
heart to understand, and to chasten thyself before thy Grod, thy 
words were heard, and I am come for thy words. 

Joel 2: 32 It shall come to pass, tfiat whosoever shall call cm 
the name of the Lord shall be delivered. 

Mat 7: 7 Ask, and it shall be given you ; seek, and ye shall 
find ; knock, and it shall be opened unto you : 8 For every one 
that asketh, receiveth ; and he that seeketh, findeth ; and to 
him that knocketh, it shall be opened. 9 Or what man is there 
of you, whom if his son ask bread, will he give him a stone ? 
10 Or if he ask a fish, will he give him a serpent? 11 If ye 
then being evil know how to give good gifts unto your children, 
how much more shall your Father which is in heaven give good 
things to them that ask him ? 

Lk. 18: 7 Shall not God avenge his own elect, which cry day 
and night unto him, though he bear long with them ? 8 I tell 
you that he will avenge them si)eedily. 

Ac. 12: 5 Peter therefore was kept in prison: but prayer 
was made without ceasing of the Church unto God for him. 
7 And behold, the angel of the Lord came upon him, and a 
light shined in the prison ; and he smote Peter on the side, and 
raised him up, saying, Arise up quickly. 

Jam. 4: 3 Ye ask, and receive not, because ye ask amiss, 
that ye may consume it upon your lusts. 8 Draw nigh to Grod, 
and he will draw nigh to you. Cleanse your hands, ye sinners, 
and purify your hearts, ye double-minded. — o: 16 Confesg 
yoiir faults one to another, and pray one for another, that ye 
may be healed. The effectual fervent praver of a righteous 
man availeth much. 17 Elias was a man subject to like passions 
as we are, and he prayed earnestly that it might not rain : and 
it rained not on the earth by the space of three years and six 
months. 18 And he prayed again, and the heaven gave rain, 
and the earth brought forth her fruit. 

1 Pet. 3: 12 The eyes of the Lord are over the righteoas, 
384 



PRAYER. 546 

Unregenerate Prayers not acceptable. 

and his ears are open unto their prayers : but the face of the 
Lord is against them that do evil. 

Rev. 8: 3 Another angel came and stood at the altar, having 
a golden censer ; and there was given unto him much incense, 
that he should offer it with the prayers of all saints upon the 
golden altar which was before the throne. 4 And the smoke 
of the incense, which came with the prayers of the saints, as- 
cended up before God out of the angeFs hand. 

[See 431, 670.] 

546. Prayer and worship of the ungodly not accqjfafde. 

Ps. 50: 16 Unto the wicked God saith, What hast thou to 
do to declare my statutes, or that thou shouldest take my cove- 
nant in thy mouth? 17 Seeing thou hatest instruction, and 
castest my words behind thee. — 66: 18 K I regard iniquity in 
my heart, the Lord will not hear me. 

Pr. 1: 28 Then shall they call upon me, but I will not 
answer ; they shafl seek me early, but they shall not find me ; 
29 For that they hated knowledge, and did not choose the 
fear of the Lord. — 15: 8 The sacrifice of the wicked is an 
abomination to the Lord : but the prayer of the upright is 
his delight 29 The Lord is far from the wicked : but he 
heareth the prayer of the righteous. — 28: 9 He that tumeth 
away his ear from hearing the law, even his prayer shall be 
abomination. 

Is. 1: 11 To what purpose is the multitude of your sacri- 
fices unto me ? saith the Lord : I am full of the burnt-offer- 
ings of rams, and the fat of fed beasts ; and I delight not in 
the blood of bullocks, or of lambs, or of he-goats. 12 When 
ye come to appear before me, who hath required this at your 
hand, to tread my courts ? 13 Bring no more vain oblations : 
incense is an abomination unto me : the new moons and sab- 
baths, the calling of assemblies, I cannot away with : it is ini- 
quity, even the solemn meeting. 14 Your new moons and 
your appointed feasts my soul hateth : they are a trouble unto 
me; I am weary to bear them. 15 And when ye spread forth 
your hands, I will hide mine eyes from you ; yea, when ye 
make many prayers, I wiU not hear : your hands are full of 
blood — 59: 1 Behold, the Lord's hand is not shortened, that 
it cannot save ; neither his ear heavy, that it cannot hear : 
2 But your iniquities have separated between you and your 
God, and your sins have hid his face from you, that he will not 
Lear. 

Mat. 7: 18 A good tree cannot bring forth evil fruit, neither 
can a corrupt tree bring forth good fruit. 

33 385 



547 — 550 PRIDE AND SELF-CONCEIl. 



Pxeraknt eyils — OffensiTe to Qod. 



Jn. 9: 31 We know that God heareth not sinners : but if 
any man be a worshipper of Grod, and doeth his will, him he 
heareth. 

Heb. 11: 6 Without faith it is impossible to please him : for 
lie that cometh to God must believe that he is, and that he is a 
rewarder of them that diligently seek him. [See 165, 589.] 

547. Prayer not agreeable to the wicked. 

Job 27: 8 What is the hope of the hypocrite, though he 
bath gained, when God taketh away his soul ? 10 Will he 
delight himself in the Almighty ? will he always call upon 
God? [See 22.] 

548. God displeased with prayerless persons. 

Jer. 10: 25 Pour out thy fury upon the heathen that know 
thee not, and upon the families. that call not on thy name : for 
they have eaten up Jacob, and devoured him, and consumed 
him, and have made his habitation desolate. [See 230.] 



PRIDE AND SELF-CONCEIT. 

549. Pridcy and self-coiuxit, prevalent evils. 

Gen. 11: 4 They said, Gro to, let us build us a city,and a 
tower, whose top may reach unto heaven ; and let us make us 
a name, lest we be scattered abroad upon the face of the whole 
earth. 

Ps. 10: 2 The wicked in his pride doth persecute the poor. 
— 73: 6 Pride compasseth them about as a chain : violence 
covereth them as a garment. 7 Their eyes stand out with fat- 
ness: they have more than heart could wish. 8 They are cor- 
rupt, and speak wickedly concerning oppression : they speak 
loftily. 9 They set their mouth against the heavens, and their 
tongue walketh through the earth. 

Ezk. 16: 49 Behold, this was the iniquity of thy sister 
Sodom, pride, fulness of bread, and abundance of idleness was 
in her and in her daughters, neither did she strengthen the 
hand of the poor and needy. 50 And they were haughty, and 
committed abomination before me: therefore I Uk^ them away 
as I saw good. [See 696, 703.] 

550. Pride and self-conceit, offensive to God — threats. 

2 S. 22: 28 The afflicted people thou wilt save : bat thine 
eyes are upon the haughty, that thou mayest bring them 
^wn* 

d86 



PSIDB AND SELF-CONCEIT. 550 

Ofifensive to God. 

Ps. 12: 3 The Lord shall cut off all flattering lips, and the 
tongue that speaketh proud things : 4 Who have said, With 
our tongue will we prevail ; our lips are our own : who is lord 
over us ? — 18: 27 Thou wilt save the afflicted people ; but 
wilt bring down high looks. — 119: 21 Thou hast rebuked the 
proud that are cursed, which do err from thy commandments. 
— 138: 6 Though the Lord he high, yet hath he respect unto 
the lowly : but the proud h6 knoweth afar off. 

Pr. 8: 13 The fear of the Lord is to hate evil : pride, and 
arrogancy, and the evil way, and the froward mouth, do I hate. 
— 15: 25 The Lord will destroy the house of the proud : but 
he will establish the border of the widow. — 16: 5 Every one 
that is proud in heart is an abomination to the Lord : though 
hand join in hand, he shall not be unpunished. 

Is. 2: 12 The day of the Lord of hosts shall he upon every 
one that is proud and lofty, and upon every one that is lifted 
up; and he shall be brought low. — 3: 16 The Lord saitli. 
Because the daughters of Zion are haughty, and walk with 
stretched forth necks and wanton eyes, walking and mincing 
as they go, and making a tinkling with their feet: 17 There- 
fore the Lord will smite with a scab the crown of the head 
of the daughters of Zion. 18 In that day the Lord will take 
away the bravery of their tinkling ornaments about their feet, 
and their cauls, and their round tires like the moon. 19 The 
chains, and the bracelets, and the mufflers, 20 The bonnets, 
and the ornaments of the legs, and the head-bands, and the 
tablets, and the ear-rings, 21 The rings, and nose jewels, 
22 The changeable suits of apparel, and the mantles, and the 
wimples, and the crisping-pins, 23 The glasses, and the fine 
linen, and the hoods, and the vails. — 13: 111 will cause the 
arrogancy of the proud to cease, and will lay low the haugh- 
tiness of the terrible. — 26: 5 He bringeth down them that 
dwell on high ; the lofty city, he layeth it low ; he layeth it 
low, even to the ground ; he bringeth it even to the dust. — 
65: 5 Stand by thyself; come not near to me ; for I am hoher 
than thou. These are a smoke in my nose, a fire that burnetii 
all the day. 

Dan. 4: 30 The king spake, and said. Is not this great 
Babylon, that I have built for the house of the kingdom by 
the might of my power, and for the honor of my majesty ? 
31 While the word was in the king's mouth, there fell a voice 
from heaven, saying, O king Nebuchadnezzar, to thee it is 
spoken ; The kingdom is departed from thee : 32 And they 
shall drive thee from men, and thy dwelling shaU he with the 
beasts of the field: they shall make thee to eat grass as oxen, 

887 



651 PBIDB AND SELF-COHCEIT. 

Tend to a fall. 

and seven times shall pass over thee, until thou know that the 
Most High ruleth in the kingdom of men, and giveth it to 
whomsoever he will. 

Mat. 23: 1 2 Whosoever shall exalt himself, shall be abased ; 
and he that shall humble himself, shall be exalted. 29 Wo 
unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites ! because ye build 
the tombs of the prophets, and garnish the sepulchres of the 
righteous, 30 And say. If we had been in the days of our 
fathers, we would not have been partakers with them in the 
blood of the prophets. 31 Wherefore, ye be witnesses unto 
yourselves, that ye are the children of them which killed the 
prophets. 

2 Th. 2: 4 Who opposeth and exalteth himself above all 
that is called Grod, or that is worshipped ; so that he, as God, 
sitteth in the temple of God, showing himself that he is God. 
8 And then shall that Wicked be revealed, whom the Lord 
shall consume with the spirit of his mouth, and shall destroy 
with the brightness of his coming. 

Jam. 4: 6 Grod resisteth the proud, but giveth grace unto 
the humble. 16 But now ye rejoice in your boastings: all 
such rejoicing is evil. [See 513.] 

551. Pride tends to a /all. 

Esther 3: 5 When Haman saw that Mordecai bowed not, 
nor did him reverence, then was Haman full of wrath. 6 
And he thought scorn to lay hands on Mordecai alone ; for 
they had shewed him the people of Mordecai : wherefore Ha- 
man sought to destroy all the Jews that were throughout the 
whole kingdom of Ahasuerus, even the people of Mordecai. — 
7: 9 And Harbonah, one of the chamberlains, said before the 
king. Behold also the gallows fifty cubits high, which Haiti ^^ 
had made for Mordecai, w^ho had spoken good for the king, 
standeth in the house of Haman. Then the king said, Hang 
him thereon. 

Pr. 16: 18 Pride goeih before destruction, and an haughty 
spirit before a fall. — 18: 12 Before destruction the heart of 
man is haughty, and before honor is humility. — 26: 12 Seest 
thou a man wise in his own conceit ? there is more hope of a 
fool than of him. — 28: 26 He that trusteth in his own heart is 
a fool: but whoso walketh wisely, he shall be delivered. — 29: 23 
A man's pride shall bring him low: but honor shall uphold the 
humble in spirit. [See 733.] 
388 



PROBATION. 552, 553 



Earthly Eetribution Imperfect — Probation Umited. 



PROBATION. 

552. Retribution imperfect during this life. 

Ps. 103: 10 He hath not dealt with us after our sins ; nor 
rewarded us according to our iniquities. 

Ec. 8: 11 Because sentence against an evil work is not exe- 
cuted speedily, therefore the heart of the sons of men is fully 
set in them to do evil. — 9: 1 For all this I considered in my 
heart even to declare all this, that the righteous, and the wise, 
and their works, are in the hand of God: no man knoweth 
either love or hatred by all that is before them. 2 All things 
come alike to all: there is one event to the righteous and to the 
wicked ; to the good, and to the clean, and to the unclean ; to 
him that sacrificeth, and to him that sacrificeth not : as t^ the 
good, so is the sinner ; and he that sweareth, as he that feareth 
an oath. [See 565.] 

553. Probation limited to this life — its immeasurahie importance. 

Pr. 1: 24 Because I have called and ye refused; I have 
stretched out my hand, and no man regarded ; 25 But ye 
have set at nought all my counsel, and would none of my 
reproof: 26 I also will laugh at your calamity: I will mock 
when your fear oometh : 27 When your fear cometh as deso- 
lation, and your destruction cometh as a whirlwind ; when dis- 
tress and anguish cometh upon you. 28 Then shall they call 
upon me, but I wiU not answer ; they shall seek me early, but 
they shall not find me. 

Ec. 9: 10 Whatsoever thy hand findeth to do, do it with thy 
might ; for there is no work, nor device, nor knowledge, nor 
wisdom, in the grave, whither thou goest. 

Is. 55: 6 Seek ye the Lord while he may be found, call ye 
upon him while he is near. 

Jer. 8: 20 The harvest is past, the summer is ended, and we 
are not saved. 

Zee. 9: 12 Turn you to the stronghold, ye prisoners of hope. 

]Viat. 25: 10 While they went to buy, the bridegroom came;i 
and they that were ready went in with him to the marriage : 
and the door was shut. 11 Afterward came also the other vir- 
gins, saying. Lord, Lord, open to us. 12 But he answered and 
said. Verily I say unto you, I know you not 

2 Cor. 6: 2 (He saith, I have heard thee in a time accepted, 
and in the day of salvation have I succored thee : behold, now 
is the accepted time ; behold, now is the day of salvation.) 

[See 390, 572, 727.] 

83* 389 



554f 555 PROBATION. 



InTolves Dangers — Determines oar Futore State. 



554. Probation includes danger of losing Hie soul. 

Mat. 5: 22 Whosoever shall say, Thou fool, shall be in dan- 
ger of hell-tire. — 1 G: 25 Whosoever will save his life, shall 
lose it : and whosoever will lose his life for my sake, shall find 
it. 26 For what is a man profited, if he shaU gain the whole 
world, and lose his own soul ? or what shall a man give in 
exchange for his soul ? [Lk. 9: 24.] 

Mk. 9: 43 If thy hand offend thee, cut it off: it is better for 
thee to enter into life maimed, than having two hands to go 
into hell, into the fire that never shall be quenched: 44 Where 
their worm dieth not, and the fire is not quenched. 45 And if 
thy foot ofiend thee, cut it off: it is better for thee to enter halt 
into life, than having two feet to be cast into hell, into the fire 
that never shall be quenched : 46 Where their worm dieth 
not, and the fire is not quenched. 47 And if thine eye offend 
thee, pluck it out : it is better for thee to enter into the king- 
dom of God with one eye, than having two eyes to be east into 
hell-fire : 48 Where their worm dieth not, and the fire is not 
quenched. [Mat. 18: 8.] 

Lk. 12: 4 I say unto you, my friends, Be not afraid of them 
that kill the body, and after that, have no more that they can 
do. 5 But I will forewarn you whom ye shall fear: Fear him, 
which after he hath killed, hath power to cast into hell ; yea, 
I say unto you. Fear him. [Mat. 10: 28.] — 13: 23 Then 
said one unto him. Lord, are there few that be saved ? And 
he said unto them, 24 Strive to enter in at the strait gate : 
for many, I say unto you, will seek to enter in, and shall not be 
able. 

Heb. 4: 1 Let us therefore fear, lest a promise being left us 
of entering into his rest, any of you should seem to come short 
of it. 

1 pet. 4: 17 The time is come that judgment must begin at 
the house of God : and if it first begin at us, what shall the end 
be of them that obey not the gospel of God? 18 And if the 
righteous scarcely be saved, where shall the ungodly and the 
sinner appear? [See 563.] 

555. Prchationary coTiduct determines our Jinal state; or salvation condi' 
tUmal. 

1 Ch. 28: 9 And thou, Solomon my son, know thou the Grod 
of thy father, and serve him with a perfect heart, and with a 
willing mind : for the Lord searcheth all hearts, and under- 
standeth all the imaginations of the thoughts : if thou seek 
him, he will be found of thee ; but if thou forsake him, he will 
cast thee off for ever. 
390 



PBOBATION. 555 



Determines our Future State. 



Pr. 1: 29 They hated knowledge, and did not choose the 
fear of the Lord : 30 They would none of my counsel : they 
despised all my reproof. 3 1 Therefore shall they eat of the 
fruit of their own way, and be filled with their own devices. 
32 For the turning away of the simple shall slay them, and 
the prosperity of fools shall destroy them. — 8: 36 He that 
sinneth against me wrongeth his own soul : all they that hate 
me love death. — 9: 12 If thou be wise, thou shalt be wise for 
thyself: but if thou scomest, thou alone shalt bear it. — 11: 19 
As righteousness tendeth to life : so he that pursueth evil pur^ 
sueth it to his own death. 

Mat. 5: 25 Agree with thine .adversary quickly, while thou 
art in the way with him ; lest at any time the adversary deli- 
ver thee to the judge, and the judge deliver thee to the officer, 
and thou be cast into prison. 26 Verily I say unto thee. Thou 
shalt by no means come out thence, till thou hast paid tho 
uttermost farthing. — 7: 13 Enter ye in at the strait gate ; for 
wide is the gate, and broad is the way, that leadeth to destruc- 
tion, and many there be which go in thereat: 14 Because, 
strait is the gate, and narrow is the way, which leadeth unto 
life, and few there be that find it. 

Mk. 16: 16 He that believeth and is baptized, shall be saved; 
but he that believeth not, shall be damned. 

Hom. 2: 5 After thy hardness and impenitent heart, treasur- 
est up unto thyself wrath against the day of wrath, and reve- 
lation of the righteous judgment of God; 6 Who will render 
to every man according to his deeds : 7 To them who by 
patient continuance in well-doing, seek for glory, and honor, 
and immortality; eternal life : 8 But unto them that are con- 
tentious, and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness : 
indignation and wrath, 9 Tribulation and anguish, upon every 
soul of man that doeth evil; of the Jew first, and also of the 
Gentile: 10 But glory, honor, and peace, to every man that 
worketh good. 

Gal. 6: 7 Be not deceived ; God is not mocked : for what- 
soever a man soweth, that shall he also reap. 8 For he that 
soweth to his flesh, shall of the flesh reap corruption : but he 
that soweth to the Spirit, shall of the Spirit reap life everlasting. 

Rev. 22: 19 If any man shall take away from the words of 
the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part out of 
the book of life, and out of the holy city, and from the things 
which are written in this book. 

[See Terms of Salvation, in the Index, and 567, and Mat. 
25, (Parable of the ten virgins and of the talents,) and Lk. 
19: 12—27, (Parable of the pounds.)] 

391 



556 PmOBATIOK. 

Ill awwds aooocd vUh ■Mnl 



556. IlewanU ami punuhnienU aeccniing to [mAaiiomtry conditeL 

Job 34: 11 The work of a man shall he render onto hiiiiy and 
cause every man to find according to his ways. 

Ps. G2: 12 Unto thee, O Loi^ bdanffeih mercy: for thoa 
renderest to every man according to his woiic. 

Pr. 24: 12 If thou sayest, Behold, ^^ knew it not; doth not 
he that pondereth the heart, consider tif? and he that keepeth 
thy soul, doth fid he know it f and shall not he render to etenf 
man according to his works? 

Is. 3: 10 Say ye to the righteous, that it shaB he well wiA 
fdm: for they shall eat the fruit of their doings. 11 Wo onto 
the wicked! it shall he ill with him: for the reward of his hands 
shall be given him. 

Jer. 17: 10 I the Lord search the heart, I try the reins, 
eren to give every man according to his ways, and according 
to the fruit of his doings. — 32: 19 Thine eyes ctre open upon 
an the ways of the sous of men ; to give every one according 
to his ways, and according to the fruit of his doings. 

Mat 5: 19 Whosoever therefore, shall break one of these 
least conmiandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called 
the least in the kingdom of heaven : but whosoever shall do, 
and teach them, the same shall be called great in the kingdom 
of heaven. — 16: 27 The Son of man shall come in the glory 
of his Father, with his angels; and then he shall reward every 
man according to his works. 

Lk: 19: 16 Then came the first, saying. Lord, thy pound 
hath gained ten pounds. 17 And he said unto hizn, Well, thoa 
good servant : because thou hast been fisdthful in a very little, 
have thou authority over ten cities. 18 And the second came, 
saying, Lord, thy pound hath gained five poonds. 19 And he 
said likewise to him, Be tliou also over ^yb cities. 

GraL 6: 7 Be not deceived ; Grod is not mocked : for what- 
soever a man soweth, that shall he also reap. 8 For he that 
soweth to his flesh, shall of the fle^h reap cormption: bat 
he that soweth to the Spirit, shall of the Spirit reap life ever- 



Bev. 22: 12 Behold, I come quickly; and my reward is 
with me, to give every man according as his work shall be. 
[See 231-2.1 
892 



PUNISHMENT FUTURE. 557 559 



Sin exceeding sinful — God's right and disposition to punish. 

PUNISHMENT IN A FUTURE STATE. 

557. Sins against God^ " exceeding sinful." 

Gren. 39: 9 There is none greater in this house than I ; nei- 
ther hath he kept back any thing from me, but thee, because thou 
art his wife : how then can I do this great wickedness, and 
sin against God ? 

1 S. 2: 25 If one man sin against another, the judge shall 
judge him : but if a man sin against the Lord, who shall 
entreat for him ? 

Ps. 51: 4 Against thee, thee only, have I sinned, and done 
this evil in thy sight : that thou mightest be justified when thou 
speakest, and be clear when thou judgest. 

Rom. 7: 13 Sin, that it might appear sin, working death in 
me by that which is good ; that sin by the commandment might 
become exceeding sinful. [See 230, 236.] 

558. God's prerogative to punish accordir,g to dtsert. 

Dt. 32: 35 To me helongeth vengeance, and recompense ; their 
foot shall slide in due time : for the day of their calamity is at 
hand, and the things that shall come upon them make haste. 
39 See now that I, even I am he, and there is no god with me : 
I kill, and I make alive ; I wound, and I heal : neither is there 
any that can deliver out of my hand. 40 For I lift up my 
hand to heaven, and say, I Hve for ever. 41 If I whet my 
glittering sword, and my hand take hold on judgment ; I will 
render vengeance to mine enemies, and will reward them that 
hate me. 

Ps. 94: 1 O Lord God, to whom vengeance helongeth ; O 
God, to whom vengeance helongeth, shew thyself. 

Rom. 12: 19 Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves, but 
rather give place unto wrath : for it is written, Vengeance is 
mine ; I will repay, saith the Lord. 

Heb. 10: 30 We know liim that hath said. Vengeance helong- 
eth unto me, I will recompense, saith the Lord. And again, 
The Lord shall judge his people. 

559. Will God's hve and compassion save unbelievers ? 

Ex. 34: 6 The Lord passed by before him, and proclaimed, 
The Lord, The Lord God, merciful and gracious, long-suffer- 
ing, and abundant in goodness and truth 7 Keeping mercy 
for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, and 
that will by no means clear the guiUy. 

Is. 27: 11 It is a people of no understanding: therefore he 

393 



560 PUNISHMENT FUTURE. 

The witkcJ slm*" out from heaven. 

that made them Avill not liave mercy on them, and he that 
formed tliem will shew them no favor. 

Ezk. 7: 9 IMine eye shall not spare, neither will I have pity . 
I will recompense thee according to thy ways, and thine abom- 
inations that are in the midst of thee ; and ye shall know that 
I am the Lord that smiteth. 

Nah. 1: 3 The Lord is slow to anger, and great in power, 
and Avill not at all acquit the mickedL [See 230, 572, 573,(7)J 

560. The finally impenitent to he separated from the saints^ and shut out of 
heaven. 

Ps. 119: 155 Salvation is far from the wicked: for they 
seek not thy statutes. 

Mat. 5: 20 1 say unto you, That except your righteousness 
shall exceed the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees, ye 
shall in no case enter into the kingdom of heaven. — 7: 21 Not 
every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the 
kingdom of heaven ; but he that doeth the v.ill of my Father 
which is in heaven. 22 Many will Fay to me in that day, 
Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in thy name ? and in thy 
name have cast out devils r and in thy name done many wonderful 
works ? 23 And then will I profess unto them, I never knew 
you : depart from me, ye that Avork iniquity. — 10: 33 Whoso- 
ever shall deny me before men, hirn wiU I also deny before my 
Father which is in heaven. — 13: 30 Let both grow together 
until the harvest : and in the time of harvest 1 will say to the 
reapers, Gather ye together first the tares, and bind them in 
bundles to burn them : but gather the wheat into my bam. 
49 So shall it be at the end of the world : the angels shall 
come forth, and sever the wicked from among the just. — 25: 10 
While they went to buy, the bridegroom came ; and they that 
were ready, went in with him to the marriage : and the door 
was shut. 11 Afterward came also the other virgins, saying. 
Lord, Lord, open to us. 12 But he answered and said. Verily, 
I say unto you, I know you not. 3 1 When the Son of man 
shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then 
shall he sit upon the throne of his glory : 32 And before him 
shall be gathered all nations : and he shall separate them one 
from another, as a shepherd divideth his sheep from the goats . 
33 And he shall set the sheep on his right hand, but the goata 
on the left. 

1 Cor. 6: 9 Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not 
inherit the kingdom of God ? Be not deceived ; neither for- 
nicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers 
of themselves with mankind, 10 Nor thieves, nor covetous, nor 
394 



PUNISHMENT FUTUBB* 561 

LosR of the Soul. 

drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners, shall inherit the 
kingdom of Grod. 

Gal. 5: 19 The works of the flesh are manifest, which are 
tJiese. Adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasdviousness, 20 
Idoktry, witph^ hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife, 
seditions, heresies, 21 Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revel- 
lings, and such like : of the which I tell you before, as I have 
also told you in time past, that they which do such things shall 
not inherit the kingdom of God. 

Ep. 5: 5 This ye know, that no whoremonger, nor unclean 
person, nor covetous man, who is an idolater, hath any inheri- 
tance in the kingdom of Christ and of God. 6 Let no man 
deceive you with vain words : for because of these things cometh 
the wrath of God upon the children of disobedience. 

Rev. 21: 27 There shall in no wise enter into it any thing 
that defileth, neither whatsoever worketh abomination, or maketh 
a lie ; but they which are written in the Lamb's book of life. 

[See 256, 287, 387, 390, 554.] 

561. The wicked to be cast into hdl. 

Job 21: 20 His eyes shall see his destruction, and he shall 
drink of the wrath of the Almighty. — 31: 3 Is not destruction 
to the wicked ? and a strange punishment to the workers of 
iniquity? — 36: 13 The hypocrites in heart heap up wrath. 

Ps. 1: 5 Therefore the ungodly shall not stand in the judgment, 
nor sinners in the congregation of the righteous. 6 For the 
Lord knoweth the way of the righteous : but the way of the 
ungodly shall perish. — 9: 17 The wicked shall be turned into 
heU, and all the nations that forget Grod. — 11: 6 Upon the 
wicked he shall rain snares, fire and brimstone, and a horrible 
tempest : this shall be the portion of their cup. 

Mat. 3: 7 O generation of vipers, who hath warned you to 
flee from the wrath to come? 10 Now also the axe is laid 
unto the root of the trees : therefore every tree which bringeth 
not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire. 11 
I indeed baptize you with water unto repentance : but he that 
cometh after me is mightier than I, whose shoes I am not 
worthy to bear : he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost, and 
tmih ffre : 12 Whose fan is in his hand, and he will thoroughly 
purge his floor, and gather his wheat into the gamer ; but he 
will bum up the chaff with unquenchable fire. — 7: 19 Every 
tree that bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast 
into the fire. 27 The rain descended, and the floods came, and 
the winds blew, and beat upon that house ; and it fell : and great 
was the fall of it. — 8: 11 I say unto you. That many shall 

395 



661 PUNISHMENT FUTURE. 



Loss of the Soul. 



come from the east and west, and shall sit down with Abra- 
ham, and Isaac, and Jacob, in the kingdom of heaven : 12 But 
the children of the kingdom shall be cast out into outer dark- 
ness : there shall be Aveeping and gnashing of teeth. — 13: 40 
As therefore the tares are gathered and burned in the fire ; so 
shall it be in the end of this world. 41 The Son of man shall 
send forth his angels, and they shall gather out of his king, 
dom all things that offend, and them which do iniquity ; 42 
And shall cast them into a furnace of fire : there shall be wail- 
ing and gnashing of teeth. 47 Again, The kingdom of heaven 
is like unto a net, that was cast into the sea, and gathered of 
every kind : 48 Which, when it was full, they drew to shore, 
and sat down, and gathered the good into vessels, but cast the 
bad away. 49 So shall it be at the end of the world: the 
angels shall come forth, and sever the wicked from among the 
just, 50 And shall cast them into the furnace of fire : there 
shall be wailing and gnashingof teeth.— ll:23Andthou,Caper- 
naum, which art exalted unto heaven, shalt be brought down to 
hell : for if the mighty works which have been done in thee, 
had been done in Sodom, it would have remained until this 
day. 24 But I say unto you, that it shall be more tolerable for 
the land of Sodom, in the day of Judgment, than for thee. — 
22: J 3 Then said the king to the servants. Bind him hand and 
foot, and take him away, and cast him into outer darkness : 
there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth. 

Lk. 16: 22 It came to pass, that the beggar died, and was 
carried by the angels into Abraham's bosom. The rich man 
also died, and was buried : 23 And in hell he lifted up his eyes, 
being in torments, and seeth Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in 
his bosom. 24 And he cried, and said. Father Abraham, have 
mercy on me, and send Lazarus, that he may dip the tip of his 
finger in water, and cool my tongue : for I am tormented in 
this fiame. 

Jn. 5: 28 Marvel not at tliis : for the hour is coming, in the 
which all that are in the graves shall hear his voice, 29 And 
shall come forth ; they that have done good, unto the resurrec- 
tion of life ; and they that have done evil, unto the resm-rec- 
tion of damnation. — 15: 6 If a man abide not in me, he is 
cast forth as a branch, and is withered ; and men gather them, 
and cast them into the fire, and they are burned. — 17: 12 None 
of them is lost, but the son of perdition. [2 Th. 2: 3.] 

1 Cor. 16: 22 If any man love not the Lord Jesus Chris^ 
let him be Anathema, Maranatha. 

Ph. 3: 18 They are the enemies of the cross of Christ : 19 
Whose end is destruction. 
396 



PUNISHMENT FUTURE. 562 

Evinreil by the unpardonable sin. 

2 Th. 2: 3 Let no man deceive you by any means : for that 
day shaU not come, except there come a falling away first, and 
that man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition ; 9 Even himy 
whose coming is after the working of Satan, with all power, 
and signs, and lying wonders, 10 And with all deceivableness 
of unrighteousness of them that perish ; because they received 
not the love of the truth, that they might be saved. 1 1 And 
for this cause God shall send them strong delusion, that they 
should believe a lie: 12 That they all might be damned who 
believed not the truth, but had pleasure in unrighteousness. 

Heb. 10: 26 For if we sin wilfully after that we have re- 
cieved the knowledge of the truth, there remaineth no more 
sacrifice for sins, 27 But a certain fearful looking for of judg- 
ment and fiery indignation, which shall devour the adversaries. 
[V. 28—31.] 

2 Pet. 2: 4 If God spared not the angels that sinned, but 
cast them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of dark- 
ness, to be reserved unto judgment; 9 The Lord knoweth 
how to deliver the godly out of temptations, and to reserve the 
unjust unto the day of judgment to be punished: 10 But^ 
chiefly them that walk after the flesh in the lust of unclean- 
ness, and despise government. Presumptuous are they, self- 
willed; they are not afraid to speak evil of dignities. 17 
These are wells without water, clouds that are carried with a 
tempest ; to whom the mist of dai'kness is reserved for ever. 
— 3: 7 But the heavens and the earth, which are now, by the 
game word are kept in store, reserved unto fire against the day 
of judgment and perdition of ungodly men. 

Rev. 19: 20 The beast was taken, and with him the fasle 
prophet that wrought miracles before him, with which he 
deceived them that had received the mark of the beast, and 
them that worshipped his image. These both were cast alive 
into a lake of fire burning with brimstone. — 20:15 Whoso- 
ever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the 
lake of fire. [See 236-7, 287, 343, 387.] 

562. Future punishment evinced by the unpardonable sin. 

Mat. 12: 31 I say unto you. All manner of sin and blas- 
phemy shall be forgiven unto men : but the blasphemy against 
the Holy Ghost shall not be forgiven unto men. 32 And 
whosoever speaketh a word against the Son of man, it shall be 
forgiven him : but whosoever speaketh against the Holy Ghost, 
it shall not be forgiven him, neither in this world, neither in 
the world to come. 

Mk. 3: 28 Verily, I say unto you, All sins shall be foi^ven 

34 897 



568, 564 PUNISHMENT FUTUBE. 

■_ - ■ - - - ■ - » 

Evinced by the second death, and death in impenitence. 

unto the sons of men, and blasphemies wherewith soever they 
shall blaspheme : 29 But he that shall blaspheme against the 
Holy Ghost hath never forgiveness, but is in danger of eternal 
damnation. 

Lk. 12: 10 Unto him that blasphemeth against the Holy 
Ghost, it shall not be forgiven. 

Heb. 10: 26 If we sin wilfully after that we have received 
the knowledge of the truth, there remaineth no more sacrifice 
for sins. 

1 Jn. 5: 16 If any man see his brother sin a sin which is not 
unto death, he shall ask, and he shall give him life for them 
that sin not unto death. There is a sin unto death : I do not 
say that he shall pray for it. 

563. Future punishment evinced by the second death. 

Ezk. 18: 31 Why will ye die, O house of Israel ? 32 For 
I have no pleasure in the death of him that dieth, saith the 
Lord God : wherefore turn yourselves^ and live ye. 

Rev. 2: 1 1 He that overcometh shall not be hurt of the 
second death. — 20: 6 Blessed and holy is he that hath part in 
the first resurrection : on such the second death hath no power, 
but they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign 
with him a thousand years. 14 And death and hell were cast 
into the lake of fire. This is the second death. 15 And who- 
soever was not found written in the book of life was cast into 
the lake of fire. — 21: 8 The fearful, and unbeheving, and the 
abominable, and murderers, and whoremongers, and sorcerers, 
and idolaters, and all hars, shall have their part in the lake 
which bumeth with fire and brimstone : which is the second 
death. [See 287.] 

564. Future punishment evinced hy death in impenitence. 

Gen. 19: 24 Then the Lord rained upon Sodom and upon 
Gomorrah brimstone and fire fixjm the Lord out of heaven. 
25 And he overthrew those cities, and all the plain, and all the 
inhabitants of the cities, and that which grew upon the ground. 

Lev. 10: 1 Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, took either 
of them his censer, and put fire therein, and put incense there- 
on, and offered strange fire before the Lord, which he com- 
manded them not. 2 And there went out fire from the Lord, 
and devoured them, and they died before the Lord. 

Num. 16: 32 The earth opened her mouth, and swallowed 
them up, and their houses, and all the men that appertained 
unto Korah, and all their goods. 33 They, and all that ap- 
pertained to them, went down alive into the pit, and the earth 
398 



PUNISHMENT FUTURE. 565 

Erinced by present prosperity of the wicked. 

dosed upon them : and tliey perished from among the congre- 
gation. 

Ps. 58: 9 He shall take them away as with a whirlwind,both 
living, and in his wrath. 

Pr. 14: 32 The wicked is driven away in his wickedness: 
but the righteous hath hope in his death. 

Mat. 27: 5 He cast down the pieces of silver in the temple, 
and departed, and went and hanged himself. 

Jn. 8: 21 Then said Jesus again unto them, I go my way, 
and ye shall seek me, and shall die in your sins : whither I go, 
ye cannot come. 

Ac. 5: 5 Ananias hearing these words, fell down, and gave 
up the ghost. And great fear came on all them that heard 
these things. 

2 Pet. 2: 12 These, as natural brute beasts, made to be taken 
and destroyed, speak evil of the things that they undei'stand 
not ; and shall utterly perish in their own corruption. 13 And 
shall receive the reward of unrighteousness, as they that count 
it pleasure to riot in the day-time. 

565. Future punishment evinced hy the present prosperity of the wicked^ and 
sufferings of the righteous. 

Job 12: 6 The tabernacles of robbers prosper, and they that 
provoke God are secure ; into whose hand God bringeth 
abundantly, — 21: 7 Wherefore do the wicked live, become old, 
yea, are mighty in power? 8 Their seed is established in their 
sight with them, and their offspring before their eyes. 9 Their 
houses are safe from fear, neither is the rod of God upon them. 
1 1 They send forth their little ones like a flock, and their cliil- 
dren dance. 12 They take the timbrel and harp, and rejoice 
at the sound of the organ. 13 They spend their days in wealth, 
and in a moment go down to the grave. 14 Therefore they 
say unto God, Depart from us ; for we desire not the knowledge 
of thy ways. 15 What is the Almighty, that we should serve 
him ? and what profit should we have, if we pray unto him ? 
1 6 Lo, their good is not in their hand. 

Ps. 73: 3 I was envious at the foolish, when 1 5aw the pros- 
perity of the wicked. 4 For there are no bands in their death : 
but their strength is firm. 5 They are not in trouble as other 
men ; neither are they plagued like other men. G Therefore 
pride compasseth them about as a chain; violence covereth 
them as a garment. 7 Their eyes stand out with fatness : they 
have more than heart could wish. — 12 Behold,'these are the 
ungodly, who prosper in the world : they increase in riches. — 
92: 7 When the wicked spring as the grass, and when all the 

899 



566 PUNISHMENT FUTURE. 

Pre«age<i bj temporal eyils. 

workers of iniquity do flourish ; it is that they shall be destroyed 
for ever. 

Jer. 12: 1 Righteous art thou, O Lord, when I plead 
with thee: yet let me talk with thee of thy judgments. 
Wherefore doth the way of the wicked prosper? where- 
fore are all they happy that deal very treacherously ? 2 
Thou hast planted them, yea, they have taken root : they grow, 
yea, they bring forth fruit : thou art near in their mouth, and 
far from their reins. 

Mat. 6: 5 Verily, I say unto you, They have their reward. 

Lk. 6: 24 Wo unto you that are rich ! for ye have received 
your consolation. 25 Wo unto you that are fuU ! for ye shall 
nunger. Wo unto you that laugh now ! for ye shall mourn 
and weep. 26 Wo unto you, when all men shall speak weU 
of you ! for so did their fathers to the false prophets. — 16: 25 
Abraliam said, Son, remember that thou in thy lifetime re- 
ceivedst thy good tilings, and likewise Lazarus evil things : but 
now he is comforted, and thou art tormented. 

2 Th. 1: 4 We ourselves glory in you in the churches of 
Grod, for your patience and faith in all your persecutions and 
tribulations that ye endure : 5 Which is a manifest token of 
the righteous judgment of God, that ye may be counted worthy 
of the kingdom of Grod, for which ye also suffer : 6 Seeing it 
is a righteous thing with God to recompense tribulation to them 
that trouble you ; 7 And to you, who are troubled, rest with 
us, when the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven with 
his mighty angels, 8 In flaming fire taking vengeance on them 
that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord 
Jesus Christ [See 511, 552.] 

566. Future punishment presaged by temporal judgments. 

Gren. 6: 12 God looked upon the earth, and behold, it was 
corrupt : for all flesh had corrupted his way upon the earth. 
13 And Grod said unto Noah, The end of all flesh is come 
before me ; for the earth is filled with violence through them : 
and behold, I will destroy them with the earth. — 18: 20 The 
Lord said, because the cry of Sodom and Gromorrah is great, 
and because their sin is very grievous, 21 I T^-ill go down now, 
and see whether they have done altogether according to the ciy 
of it, which is come unto me. — 19: 24 Then the Lord rained up- 
on Sodom and upon GomoiTah brimstone and fire from the Lord 
out of heaven ; 25 And he overthrew those cities, and all the 
plain, and all the inhabitants of the cities, and that which grew 
upon the ground. 

2 Pet. 2: 4 If God spared not the angels that sinned, but 
400 



PUNISHMENT PTJTURB. 567 

Everlasting. 

cast them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of dark- 
ness, to be reserved unto judgment ; 5 And spared not the old 
world, but saved Noah the eighth person, a preacher of right- 
eousness, bringing in the flood upon the world of the ungodly ; 
6 And turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah into ashes, 
condemned them with an overthrow, making them an ensample 
unto those that after should live ungodly ; 7 And delivered 
just Lot, vexed with the filthy conversation of the wicked : 9 
The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out of temptations, 
and to reserve the unjust unto the day of judgment to be pun- 
ished. [See 87, 486, 630, 733.] 

567. Punishment everlasting. 

Mat. 25: 41 Then shall he say also unto them on the left 
hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared 
for the devil and his angels: 42 For I was an hungered, and 
ye gave me no meat: I was thirsty, and ye gave me no drink. 
46 And these shall go away into everlasting punishment : but 
the righteous into life eternal. 

Mk. 9: 43 If thy hand offend thee, cut it off: it is better for 
thee to enter into life maimed, than having two hands to go 
into hell, into the fire that never shall be quenched : 44 Where 
their worm dieth not, and the fire is not quenched. — 14: 21 
The Son of man indeed goeth, as it is Avntien of him : but wo 
to that man by whom the Son of man is betrayed! good 
were it for that man if he had never been born. [Mat. 26: 24.] 

Lk. 3: 17 Whose fan is in his hand, and he will thoroughly 
purge his floor, and will gather the wheat into his garner ; but 
the chaff he will burn with fire unquenchable. 

Jn. 3: 36 He that believeth on the Son hath everlasting life : 
and he that believeth not the Son, shall not see life ; but the 
wrath of God abideth on him. 

Ph. 3: 18 (For many walk, of whom I have told you often, 
and now tell you even weeping, thai they are the enemies of the 
cross of Christ : 1 9 Whose end is destruction, whose God is 
their belly, and whose glory is in their shame, who mind eai'thly 
things.) 

2 Th. 1: 7 The Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven 
with his mighty angels, 8 In flaming fire taking vengeance on 
them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our 
Lord Jesus Christ : 9 Who shall be punished with everlasting 
destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory 
of his power. 

Jude 6 The angels which kept not their first estate, but left 
their own habitation, Jje hath reserved in everlasting chains un- 

34* 401 



668, 569 PUNISHMENT FUTURE. 

Often deuied — May no: purify, 

der darkness unto the judgment of the great day. 7 Even 
as Sodom and Gomorrah, and the cities about them in like 
manner, giving themselves over to fornication, and going after 
strange fiesh, are set forth for an example, suffering the ven- 
geance of eternal fire. 13 Raging waves of the sea, foaming 
out their own shame ; wandering stars to whom is reserved the 
blackness of darkness for ever. 

Rev. 1 4: 9 And the third angel followed them, saying with 
a loud voice, If any man worship the beast and his image, and 
receive fns mark in his forehead, or in his hand, 10 The same 
shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured 
out without mixture into the cup of his indignation ; and he 
shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence 
of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lmnb: 11 
The smoke of their torment ascendeth up for ever and ever : 
and they have no rest day nor night, who worship the beast 
and his image, and whosoever receiveth the mark of his name. 
— 20: 10 The devil that deceived them was cast into the lake 
of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet arcy 
and shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever. 

[See 287, 390, 553—5, 572, 573,(1).] 

568. Future punishment denied or disbelieved by some. 

Gren. 3: 4 The serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall not 
surely die. 

Dt. 29: 19 And it come to pass, when he heareth the words 
of this curse, that he bless himself in his heart, saying, I shall 
have peace, though I walk in the imagination of mine heart, 
to add drunkenness to thirst. 

Ezk. 13: 22 With lies ye have made the heart of the right- 
eous sad, whom I have not made sad ; and strengthened the 
hands of the wicked, that lie should not return from his wicked 
way, by promising him life. 

2 Pet. 3: 5 This they willingly are ignorant of, that by the 
word of God the heavens were of old, and the earth standing 
out of the water and in the water: 6 Whereby the world that 
then was, being overflowed with water, perished : 7 But the 
heavens and the earth, wliich are now, by the same word are 
kept in store, reserved unto fire against the day of judgment 
and perdition of ungodly men. [See 22, 708.] 

569. The tcichtd not always purified by punishment. 

Pr. 27: 22 Though thou shouldest bray a fool in a mortar 
among wheat with a pestle, yet will not his foolishness depart 
fixnn him. 
402 



PUNISHMENT FUTUBS. 570, 571 

Inflicted on God's account — Approyed by the good. 

Rev. 16: 9 Men were scorched with great heat, and blas- 
phemed the name of God, which hath power over these plagues : 
and they repented not to give him glory. 10 And the fifth 
angel poured out his vial upon the seat of the beast ; and his 
kingdom was full of darkness ; and they gnawed their tongues 
for pain, 11 And blasphemed the God of heaven, because of 
their pains and their sores, and repented not of their deeds. 21 
And there fell upon men a great hail out of heaven, every stone 
about the weight of a talent : and men blasphemed God because 
of the plague of the hail ; for the plague thereof was exceed- 
ing great. [See 9.] 

570. TJie tricked punished according to their desert^ to make known and glo* 
rify God. 

Ex. 9: 15 Now I will stretch out my hand, that I may smite 
thee and thy people with pestilence ; and thou shalt be cut off 
from the earth. 1 6 And in very deed for this cause have I 
raised tliee up, for to shew in thee my power ; and that my 
name may be declared throughout all the earth. 
— 14: 4 I wiU be honored upon Pharaoh, and upon all his host; 
that the Egyptians may know that I am the Lord. 

Ps. 83: 17 Let them be confounded and troubled for ever; 
yea, let them be put to shame, and perish: 18 That men may 
know that thou, whose name alone is JEHOVAH, art the 
Most High over all the earth. 

Ezk. 25: 17 I will execute great vengeance upon them with 
furious rebukes ; and they shall know that I am the Lord, 
when I shall lay my vengeance upon them. 

Rom. 9: 17 The scripture saith unto Pharax)h, Even for this 
same purpose have I raised thee up, that I might shew my 
power in thee, and that my name might be declared throughout 
all the earth. 22 What if God, willing to shew his wrath, and 
to make his power known, endured with much long-suffering 
the vessels of wrath fitted to destruction: 23 And that he 
might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of 
mercy, which he had afore prepared unto glory, 24 Even us, 
whom he hath called, not of the Jews only, but also of the 
Gentiles? [See 209, 276.] 

571. Punishment approved by tlie righteous, 

Ex. 15: 1 Then sang Moses and the children of Israel this 
song unto the Lord, and spake, saying, I will sing unto the 
Lord, for he hath triumphed gloriously ; the horse and his 
rider hath he thrown into the sea. 6 Thy right hand, Lord, 
is become glorious in power : thy right hand, O Lord, bath 

403 



571 PUNISHMENT FUTUBE. 



Approved by the good. 



dashed in pieces the enemy. 7 And in the greatness of 
thine excellency thou hast overthrown them that rose up 
against thee« 

Ps. 28: 4 Give them according to their deeds, and according 
to the wickeness of their endeavors : give them after the work 
of their hands ; render to them their desert 5 Because they 
regard not the works of the Lord, nor the operation of his 
hands, he shall destroy them, and not build them up. — 94: 1 
O Lord God, to whom vengeance belongeth ; O God, to whom 
vengeance belongeth, shew thyself. 2 Lift up thyself, thou 
Judge of the earth : render a reward to the proud. 

Lk. 23: 40 The other answering, rebuked him, saying. Dost 
not thou fear Grod, seeing thou art in the same condemnation ? 
41 And we indeed justly ; for we receive the due reward of 
our deeds : but this man hath done nothing amiss. 

Rev. 6: 9 When he had opened the fifth seal, I saw under 
the altar the souls of them that were slain for the word of 
God, and for the testimony which they held : 10 And they 
cried with a loud voice, saying, How long, O Lord, holy and 
true, dost thou not judge and avenge our blood on them that 
dwell on the earth? — 15: 3 They sing the song of Moses the 
servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying. Great and 
marvellous are thy works. Lord God Almighty ; just and true 
are thy ways, thou King of saints. 4 Who shall not fear thee, 
O Lord, and glorify thy name ? for thou only art holy : for all 
nations shall come and worship before thee ; for thy judgments 
are made manifest. — 18: 20 Rejoice over her, thou heaven, 
and ye holy apostles and prophets ; for God hath avenged you 
on her. — 19: 1 After these things I heard a great voice of 
much people in heaven, saying. Alleluia : Salvation, and glory, 
and honor, and power, unto the Lord our God : 2 For true 
and righteous are his judgments : for he hath judged the great 
whore, which did corrupt the earth with her fornication, and 
hath avenged the blood of his servants at her hand. 3 And 
again they said, Alleluia. And her smoke rose up for ever 
and ever. 4 And the four and twenty elders and the four 
beasts fell down and worshipped God that sat on the throne, 
saying. Amen; Alleluia. 5 And a voice came out of the 
throne, saying. Praise our God, all ye his servants, and ye that 
fear him, both small and great. 6 And I heard as it were the 
voice of a great multitude, and as the voice of many waters, 
and as the voice of mighty thunderings, saying. Alleluia : for 
the Lord God omnipotent reigneth. 7 Let us be glad and 
rejoice, and give honor to him : for the marriage of the Lamb 
is come, and his wife hath made herself ready. [See 88, 237.] 
404 



PUNISHMENT FTTTTTRE. 572, 578 



Unayailing cries — Sources of misery. 



572. The cries of lost soids unavailing. 

Job 27: 8 What is the hope of the hypocrite, though he 
hath gained, when God taketh away his soul? 9 Will God 
hear his cry when trouble cometh upon him ? 

Pr. 1: 24 Because I have called and ye refused; I have 
stretched out my hand, and no man regarded ; 25 But ye have 
set at nought all my counsel, and would none of my reproof: 
26 1 also will laugh at your calamity : I will mock when your 
fear cometh ; 27 When your fear cometh as desolation, and 
your destruction cometh as a whirlwind ; when distress and 
anguish cometh upon you. 28 Then shall they call upon me, 
but I will not answer ; they shall seek me early, but they shall 
not find me ; 29 For that they hated knowledge, and did not 
choose the fear of the Lord : 30 They would none of my 
counsel: they despised all my reproof. 31 Therefore shall 
they eat of the fruit of their own way, and be filled with their 
own devices. 32 For the turning away of the simple shall 
slay them, and the prosperity of fools shall destroy them. 

Lk. 13: 25 When once the Master of the house is risen up, 
and hath shut to the door, and ye begin to stand without, and 
to knock at the door, saying. Lord, Lord, open unto us ; and 
he shall answer and say unto you, I know you not whence ye 
are. — 16: 24 And he cried, and said. Father Abraham, have 
mercy on me, and send Lazarus, that he may dip the tip of 
his finger in water, and cool my tongue: for I am tormented 
in this flame. 25 But Abraham said, Son, remember that thou 
in thy lifetime receivedst thy good things, and likewise Laza- 
rus evil things : but now he is comforted, and thou art torment- 
ed. 26 And besides all this, between us and you there is a 
great gulf fixed : so that they which would pass from hence to 
you, cannot ; neither can they pass to us, that woiUd come from 
thence. [See 390, 553-55, 559, 567.] 

573. Sources of future inisei't/. 

1. The loss of all hope, or complete despair. 

Job 8: 13 The hypocrite's hope shall perish. — 11: 20 The 
eyes of the wicked shall fail, and they shall not escape, and 
their hope shall be as the giving up of the ghost. 

Pr. 10: 28 The hope of the righteous shall be gladness : but 
the expectation of the wicked shall perish. — 11: 7 When a 
wicked man dieth, his expectation shall perish : and the hope 
of unjust men perisheth. 

Lam. 3: 64 Render unto them a recompense, O Lord, ac- 
cording to the work of their hands. 65 Give them sorrow of 
heart, thy curse unto them. 

^ 405 



573 FUNISHMENT FUTUBB. 

Its Sources. 

Ezk. 22: 14 Can thy heart endure, or can thy hands be 
strong, in the days that I shall deal with thee ? I the Lokd 
have spoken it, and will do it, [See 390, 567.] 

2. Bitter reflfctions. 

Pr. 5: 11 And thou mourn at the last, when thy flesh and 
thy body are consumed, 12 And say. How have I hated in- 
struction, and my heart despised reproof; 13 And have not 
obeyed the voice of my teachers, nor inclined mine ear to them 
that instructed me ! 14 1 was almost in all evil in the midst 
of the congregation and assembly. 

Jer. 8: 20 The harvest is past, the summer is ended, and we 
are not saved. 

Lk. 1 6: 25 Abraham said, Son, remember that thou in thy 
life-time receivedst thy good things, and likewise Lazarus evil 
things : but now he is comforted, and thou art tormented. 

[See 128, 131.] 

3. Deprivation of rest 

Ps. 95: 11 Unto whom I sware in my wrath, that they should 
not enter into my rest. [Heb. 3: 18.] 

Is. 57: 20 The wicked are like the troubled sea, when it 
cannot rest, whose waters cast up mire and dirt. 21 ITiere is 
no peace, saith my God, to the wicked. 

Rev. 14: 11 The smoke of their torment ascendeth up for 
ever and ever : and they have no rest day nor night. 

4. Banishment from all lovely beings^ and suffering, while saints are rejoicing. 

Lk. 13: 28 There shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth, 
when ye shall see Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, and all the 
prophets, in the kingdom of God, and you yourselves thrust 
out. — 16: 23 In hell he lifted up his eyes, being in torments, 
and seeth Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom. 

Jn. 7: 34 Ye shall seek me, and shall not find me : and where 
I am, thither ye cannot come. 

Rev. 14: 10 The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath 
of Grod, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of 
his indignation ; and he shall be tormented with fire and brim- 
stone in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence 
of the Lamb. [See 387.] 

5. Darkness and gloom. 

Jer. IS: 16 Give glory to the Lord your God, before he 
cause darkness, and before your feet stumble upon the dark 
mountains, and while ye look for light, he turn it into the shad- 
ow of death, and make it gross darkness. 
406 



PUNISHMENT FUTURE. 573 

Its Sources. 

Zep. 1: 15 That day is a day of wrath, a day of trouble and 
distress, a day of wasteness and desolation, a day of darkness 
and gloominess, a day of clouds and thick darkness. 

Mat, 8: 12 The children of the kingdom shall be cast out 
into outer darkness : there shall be weeping and gnashing of 
teeth. 

2 Pet. 2: 17 These are wells without water, clouds that are 
carried with a tempest; to whom the mist of darkness is re- 
served for ever. 

Jude 12 These are spots in your feasts of charity, when 
they feast with you, feeding themselves without fear : clouds 
thei/ are without water, carried about of -winds ; trees whose 
fruit withereth, without fruit twice dead, plucked up by the 
roots ; 13 Raging waves of the sea, foaming out their own 
shame ; wandering stars, to whom is reserved the blackness 
of darkness for ever. 

3. Painful fears and tenon 

Job 6: 4 The arrows of the Almighty are within me, the 
poison whereof drinketh up my spirit : the terrors of God do 
set themselves in array against me. 

Ps. 73: 19 How are they brought into desolation, as in a mo- 
ment : they are utterly consumed with terrors. 

Pr. 10: 24 The fear of the wicked, it shall come upon him : 
but the desire of the righteous shall be granted. 

2 Cor. 5: 11 Knowing therefore the terror of the Lord, we 
persuade men. 

Rev. 6: 16 And said to the mountains and rocks. Fall on us, 
and hide us from the face of him that sitteth on the throne, 
and from the wrath of the Lamb. 

7. Endunng the just scorn of the universe forever 

Job 22: 15 Hast thou marked the old way which wicked 
men have trodden? 16 Which were cut down out of time, 
whose foundation was overflown with a flood: 19 The right- 
eous see it, and are glad: and the innocent laugh them to 
scorn. 

Ps. 2: 4 He that sitteth in the heavens shall laugh : the 
Lord shall have them in derision. 5 Then shall he speak 
unto them in his wrath, and vex them in his sore displeasure. 
— 52: 1 Whyboastest thou thyself in mischief, O mighty man ? 
the goodness of God endureth continually. 5 God shall like- 
wise destroy thee for ever, he shall take thee away, and pluck 
thee out of thy dwelling-place, and root thee out of the land of 
the living. 6 The righteous also shall see, and fear, and shall 

407 



574 PX7NISHHENT FUTUBE. 

Present and future degradation of the wicked. 

laugh at him. — 59: 7 Behold, they belch out with their mouth: 
swords are in their lips : for who, say theyj doth hear ? 8 But 
thou, Lord, shalt laugh at them ; thou shalt have all the 
heathen in derision. 

Pr. 1: 26 I also will laugh at your calamity : I will mock 
when your fear cometh ; 27 When your fear cometh as deso- 
lation, and your destruction cometh as a whirlwind; when 
distress and anguish cometh upon you. — 3: 34 Surely he 
scometh the scomers : but he giveth grace unto the lowly. 

Dan. 12: 2 Many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth 
shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and 
everlasting contempt [See 513.] 

8. Pains of body by fire. 

Is. 33: 14 The sinners in Zion are afraid ; fearfulness hath 
surprised the hypocrites. Who among us shall dwell with the 
devouring fire? who among us shall dwell with everlasting 
burnings ? 

Lk. 16: 24 He cried, and said. Father Abraham, have mer- 
cy on me, and send Lazarus, that he may dip the tip of his 
finger in water, and cool my tongue : for I am tormented in 
this flame. [See 343.] 

574. Degradation of the ivicked^ here and hereafter. 

Tit. 3: 3 We ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobe- 
dient, deceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures, living in 
malice and envy, hateful, and hating one another. 

Rev. 22: 15 Without are dogs, and sorcerers, and whoremon- 
gers, and murderers, and idolaters, and whosoever loveth and 
maketh a lie. [See 513.] 



408 




4 

REDEMPTION. 575, 57G 



CoTenuit of — Necessity of AtonemenL 



BEDEMPTION OF SAINTS. 

575. Bedemptum — Covenant of. 

Ps. 89: 3 I have made a oovenant with my chosen, I have 
sworn unto David mj servant, 4 Thy seed will I establish 
for ever, and build up thy throne to all generations. 

Is. 53: 12 llierefore will I divide him a portion with the 
great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong ; because 
he hath poured out his soul unto death. 

Zee. 6: 12 Thus speaketh the Lord of hosts, saying, Behold 
the man whose name is The BRANCH ; and he shall grow 
up out of his place, and he shall build the temple of the Lord : 
13 Even he shall build the temple of the Lord ; and he shall 
hear the glory, and shall sit and rule upon his throne : and he 
shall be a priest upon his throne : and the counsel of peace 
shall be between them both. 

Jn. 6: 39 This is the Father's will which hath sent me, that 
of all which he hath given me, I should lose nothing, but 
should raise it up again at the last day. — 17: 6 I have mani- 
fested thy name unto the men which thou gavest me out of 
the world : thine they were, and thou gavest them me ; and 
they have kept thy word. 11 Holy Father, keep through 
thine own name those whom thou hast given me, that they 
may be one, as we are. 

Heb. 13: 20 The God of peace, that brought again from the 
dead our Lord Jesus, that great Shepherd of the sheep, through 
the blood of the everlasting covenant, 21 Make you perfect 
in every good work. 

576. yccessitf/ of atonement, or Hie salvation of sinners through oibedience t» 
the law of God, fiopeless. 

Ps. 143: 2 Enter not into judgment with thy servant: for 
in thy sight shall no man living be justified. 

Mat. 18: 11 The Son of man is come to save that which 
was lost. 

Ac. 4: 12 Neither is there salvation in any other: for there 
is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby 
we must be saved. — 13: 38 Be it known unto you therefore, 
men and brethren, that through this man is preached unto you 
the forgiveness of sins ; 39 And by him all that believe are 
justified from all things, from which ye could not be justified 
by the law of Moses. 

Bom. 3: 19 We know that what things soever the lawsaith, 
it saith to them who are under the law : that evenr mouthmav 

35 40^ 



576 BEDBMPnoir. 



Necessity of Atonement. 



be stopped, and all the world may become guiltj before God. 
20 Therefore by the deeds of the law, there shall no flesh be 
justified in his sight : for by the law is the knowledge of sin. 
.^5: 6 When we were yet without strength, in due time Christ 
died for the ungodly. — 9: 31 Israel, which followed after the 
law of righteousness, hath not attained to the law cji right- 
eousness. 32 Wherefore? Because tliey sought it not by 
faith, but as it were by the works of the law. For they stum- 
bled at that stumbling-stone. 

Gal. 2: 16 Knowing that a man is not justified by the works 
of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have be- 
lieved in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith 
of Christ, and not by the works of the law : for by the works 
of the law shall no ilesh be justified. 20 I am crucified with 
Christ : nevertheless, I Uve ; yet not I, but Christ liveth in 
me : and the life which I now live in the flesh, I live by the 
faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself for 
me. 21 I do not frustrate the grace of God : for if right- 
eousness come by the law, then Christ is dead in vain. — 3: 10 
As many as are of the works of the law, are under the curse : 
for it is written. Cursed is every one thai continueth not in all 
things which are written in the book of the law to do them. 
11 But that no man is justified by the law in the sight of 
Grod, it is evident: for. The just shall live by faith. 12 And 
the law is not of faith. 18 For if the inheritance he of the 
law, it is no more of promise : But Grod gave it to Abra- 
ham by promise. 19 Wherefore then serveth the law? It 
was added because of transgressions, till the seed should 
come to whom the promise was made ; and it was ordained 
by angels in the hand of a mediator. 20 Now, a media- 
tor is not a mediator of one; but God is one. 21 is the 
law then against the promises of God ? God forbid : for if 
there had been a law given which could have given life, verily 
righteousness should have been by the law. 22 But the scrip- 
ture hath concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of 
Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe. 23 But 
before faith came, we were kept under the law, shut up unto 
the faith which should afterwards be revealed. 24 Where- 
fore the law was our schoolmaster to tnring us unto Christ, that 
we might be justified by faith. 

Ph. 3: 4 If any other man thinketh that he hath whereof 
he might trust in the flesh, I more : 5 Circumcised the eighth 
day, of the stock of Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin, an He- 
brew of the Hebrews ; as touching the law, a Pharisee ; 6 
Concerning zeal, persecuting the church ; touching: the right- 
410 



REDEMPTION. 577 



Through the death of Christ. 



eousness which is in the law, blameless. 7 But what things 
were gain to me, those I counted loss for Christ. 

Heb. 9: 23 It was therefore necessary that the patterns of 
things in the heavens should be purified with these ; but the 
heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these. 

Jam. 2: 10 Whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet 
offend in one pointy he is guilty of all. [See 183.] 

577. Redemption through the death or blood of Christ. 

Lev. 17: 11 The life of the flesh is in the blood; and I 
have given it to you upon the altar, to make an atonement for 
your souls : for it is the blood that maketh an atonement for 
the soul. 

Is. 53: 5 He was wounded for our transgressions, he was 
bruised for our iniquities ; the chastisement of our peace ipos 
upon him ; and with his stripes we are healed. 

Mat. 20: 28 Even as the Son of man came not to be minis- 
tered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for 
many. — 26: 28 This is my blood of the new testament, which 
is shed for many for the remission of sins. 

Jn. 3: 14 As Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, 
even so must the Son of man be lifted up : 15 That whosoever 
believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal hfe. — 6: 51 
The bread that I will give is my flesh, which I will give for 
the life of the world. 

Ac 20: 28 Take heed* therefore unto yourselves, and to all 
the flock over the wliich the Holy Ghost hath made you over- 
seers, to feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with 
his own blood. 

Eom. 3: 25 Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation, 
through faith in his blood. — 5: 8 God commendeth his love 
toward us, in that while we were yet sinners, Christ died for 
us. 9 Much more then, being now justified by his blood, we 
shall be saved from wrath through liim. 1 1 We also joy in 
God, through our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom we have now 
received the atonement. 

1 Cor. 5: 7 Christ our passover is sacrificed for us. — 15: 3 
Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures. 

Gal. 3: 13 Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the 
law, being made a curse for us : ibr it is written. Cursed is every 
one that hangeth on a tree. 

Ep. 2: 13 Li Christ Jesus, ye, who sometimes were far off, 
are made nigh by the blood of Christ. 

Heb. 9: 12 Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by 
his own blood, he entered in once into the holy place, having 

411 



577 BEDEMPTION. 



Through the death of Christ. 



obtained eternal redemption for us, 13 For if the blood of 
bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the 
unclean, sanctifieth to the purifjing of the flesh : 14 How much 
more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit 
offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience 
from dead works to serve the living God ? 22 And almost all 
things are by the law purged with blood ; and without shedding 
of blood is no remission. 26 But now once in the end of the 
world hath he appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of 
himself. 27 And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but 
after this the judgment : 28 So Christ was once offered to bear 
the sins of many. — 10: 10 By the which will we are sanctified 
through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all, 

11 And every priest standeth daily ministering and offering 
oftentimes the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins: 

12 But this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins, 
for ever sat down on the right hand of God ; 13 From hence- 
forth expecting till his enemies be made his footstool. 14 For 
by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are 
sanctified. 19 Having therefore, brethren, boldness to enter 
into the holiest by the blood of Jesus, 20 By a new and living 
way, which he hath consecrated for us, through the vail, that is 
to say, his fiesh. 

1 Pet, 1: 18 Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not re- 
deemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, from your 
vain conversation received by tradition from your fathers ; 19 
But with the precious blood of Christ. — 2: 24 Who his own 
self bare our sins in his own body on the tree, that we, being 
dead to sins, should live unto righteousness : by whose stripes 
ye were healed. — 3: 18 Christ also hath once suffered for sins, 
the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God, being 
put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit. 

1 Jn. 1: 7 K we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we 
have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ 
his Son cleanseth us from all sin. 

[Jn. 1: 29, and 10: 15. Gal. 1: 4, and 2: 20. 1 Tim. 1: 1.] 

412 



B^DBMPTIOK. d78 

Efficacy of the Atonement. ' 



578. Efficacy of the atonement, or "Me Lord our righteousness.^^ 

Is. 53: 6 The Lord hath laid on him the iniquity of us all. 

Jer. 23: 6 In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall 
dwell safely : and this is his name whereby he shall be called, 
THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS. 

Dan. 9: 24 Seventy weeks are detemiined upon thy people 
and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make 
an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to 
bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and 
prophecy, and to anoint the Most Holy. 

Jn. 3: 17 Grod sent not his Son into the world to condemn 
the world, but that the world through him might be saved. — 
6: 51 I am the living bread which came down from heaven : 
if any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever : and the 
bread that I will give is my flesh, which I will give for the life 
of the world. 55 My flesh is meat indeed, and my blood is 
drink indeed. — 1 0: 9 I am the door : by me if any man enter 
in, he shall be saved. 

Rom. 1: 16 I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for 
it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believ- 
eth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek. 17 For therein 
is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith : as it 
is written, The just shall live by faith. — 3: 21 But now the 
righteousness of God without the law is manifested, being 
witnessed by the law and the prophets ; 22 Even the right- 
eousness of God, which is by faith of Jesus Christ unto all, and 
upon all them that believe ; for there is no difference. — 5: 10 
If when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the 
death of his Son ; much more, being reconciled, we shall be 
saved by his life. 1 1 And not only so, but we also joy in Grod, 
through our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom we have now received 
the atonement. 15 Not as the offence, so also is the free gift. 
For if through the offence of one many be dead, much more 
the grace of God, and the gift by grace, which is by one man, 
Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto many. 16 And not as it 
was by one that sinned, so is the gift. For the judgment was 
by one to condemnation, but the free gift is of many offences 
unto justification. 17 For if by one man's offence death 
reigned by one ; much more they which receive abundance of 
grace, and of the gift of righteousness, shall reign in life by 
one, Jesus Christ. 18 Therefore, as by the offence of one 
jvdgmerU came upon all men to condemnation, even so by the 
righteousness of one the free gift came upon all men unto justi- 
fication of life. 19 For as by one man's disobedience nmnj 

35* 413 



079, 580 RSDEMPnoK. 



A perfiict Redeemer — A ransom for alL 



were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall manj be 
made righteous. 20 Moreover the law entered, that the offence 
might abound. Eut where sin abounded, grace did much more 
abmind : 21 That as sin hath reigned unto death, even so might 
grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life, bj Jesos 
Christ our Lord. — 10: 3 They, being ignorant of Grod's ri^t^ 
eousness, and going about to establish their own righteousness, 
have not submitted themselves unto the righteousness of God. 
4 For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to every 
one that believeth. 

Ep. 5: 2 Walk in love, as Christ also hath loved us, and 
hath given himself for us an offering and a sacrii^oe to Grod for 
a sweet-smelling savor. 

Ph. 3: 9 And be found in him, not having mine own right- 
eousness, which is of the law, but that which is through the 
fiiith of Christ, the righteousness which is of Grod by faith. 

1 Jn. 4: 9 In this was manifested the love of God toward us, 
because that Gk)d sent his only-begotten Son into the world, 
that we might live through him. 10 Herein is love, not that 
we loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his Son to be the 
propitiation for our sins. [1 Jn. 3: 5.] 

579. Redemption requires a "perfect Redeemer. 

Lev. 22: 19 Te shall offer at your own will a male withoat 
blemish of the beeves, of the sheep, or of the goats. 20 But 
whatsoever hath a blemish, that shall ye not offer : for it shall 
not be acceptable for you. 

Mai. 1: 8 If ye ofler the blind for sacrifice, is it not evil? 
and if ye offer the lame and sick, is it not e\'il ? offer it now 
unto thy governor ; will he be pleased with thee, or accept thy 
person ? saith the Lord of hosts. 

Heb. 7: 26 Such a high priest became us, who is holy, harm- 
less, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher than 
the heavens ; 27 Who needeth not daily, as those high priests, 
to offer up sacrifice, first for his own sins, and then for the 
people's : for this he did once, when he offered up himself. 

1 Pet 1: 19 With the precious blood of Chris^ as of a lamb 
without blemish and without spot. 

580. Tlie Redeeincr ^^ a ransom Jbr ally 

Jn. 1: 29 Behold the lamb of Grod, which taketh away the 
rin of the world ! — 3: 17 Grod sent not his Son into the world 
to condemn the world, but that the world through him might 
be saved. — 4: 42 This is indeed the Christ, the Saviour of the 

414 



SEDEMPTIOK 581, 582 



The Father's agency in — Peace with God. 



Rom. 5: 18 As by the offence of one judgment came upon 
all men to condemnation, even so by the righteousness of one 
the free gift cams upon all men unto justification of life. 

2 Cor. 5:14 The love of Christ constraineth us ; because we 
thus judge, that if one died for all, then were all dead : 15 And 
t?iat he died for all, that they which live should not henceforth 
live unto themselves, but unto him which died for them, and 
rose again. 

1 Tim. 2: 6 Who gave himself a ransom for all, to be testified 
in due time. 

Heb. 2: 9 We see Jesus, who was made a little lower than 
the angels for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and 
honor; that he by the grace of God should taste death for 
every man. 

1 Jn. 2: 2 He is the propitiation for our sins : and not for 
ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world. [See 37jO.] 

581. Agency of the Father in makinj atonement. 

Is. 53: 6 All we like sheep have gone astray ; we have 
turned every one to his own way ; and the Lord hath laid on 
Mm the iniquity of us all. 10 It pleased the Lord to bruise 
Hm ; he hath put him to grief. 

Jn. 3: IG God so loved the world, that he gave his only-be- 
gotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him, should not perish, 
but have everlasting Ife. 

Rom. 3: 25 Whom God hath set forth to be & propitiation. 

Gal. 4: 4 When the fulness of the time was come, God sent 
forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law, 5 To 
redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive 
the adoption of sons. 

1 Jn. 4: 9 In this was manifested the love of God toward us, 
because that God sent his only-begotten Son into the world, 
that we might live through him. 10 Herein is love, not that 
we loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his Son to be the 
propitiation for our sins. 

582. Redemption includes peace with God. 

Rom. 5: 1 Being justified by faith, we have peace with Grod, 
through our Lord Jesus Christ : 2 By whom also we have 
access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in 
hope of the glory of God. 1 For if when we were enemies, 
we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, 
being reconciled, we shall be saved by his life. 

2 Cor. 5: 18 All things are of God, who hath reconciled us 
to himself by Jesus Christ, and hath given to us the ministry of 



588 B£D£MPTIOK. 



Iuclude« ForgivencM, and Aocefti. 



reoonciliation ; 19 To wit. That Grod was in Christ, reconciling 
the world unto himself, not imputing their trespasses anto them; 
and hath committed unto us the word of reconciliation. 

Ep. 2: 13 In Christ Jesus, ye, who sometime were &r off, 
are made nigh bj the blood of Christ. 14 For he is oar 
peace, who hath made both one, and hath broken down the 
middle wall of partition between us ; 15 Having abolished in 
his flesh the enmity, even the law of commandments contained 
in ordinances : ibr to make in himself of twain one new man, 
so making peace ; 1 G And that he might reconcile both unto 
God in one body by the cross, having slain the enmity thereby: 
17 And came and preached peace to you which were afar ofli 
and to them that were nigh. 18 For through him we both 
have access by one Spirit unto the Father. 19 Now therefore 
ye are no more strangers and foreigners, but fellow-citizens 
with the saints, and of the household of God. 

CoL 1: 20 Having made peace through the blood of his cross, 
by him to reconcile all things unto himself ; by him, / say^ 
whether they he things in earth, or things in heaven. 21 And 
yoUy that were sometime alienated and enemies in your mind 
by wicked works, yet now liath he reconciled, 22 In the body 
of his flesh through death, to present you holy, and unblamable, 
and unreprovable, in his sight. 

Heb. 2: 17 In all things it behoved him to be made like unto 
Ms brethi^en ; that he might be a merciful and faithful High 
Priest in things pertaining to Grod, to make reconciliation for 
the sins of the people. [See GG6.] 

583. liedemption {nclitdas forr/iufTif-ss or Jiistijication, and access. 

Ps. 32: 1 Blessed is he tohose transgression is forgiven, whose 
sin is covered. 2 Blessed is the man unto whom the Lk>rd 
imputeth not iniquity, and in whose spirit there is no guile. — 
[Bom. 4: 7] — Ps. 85: 2 Thou hast forgiven the iniquity of thy 
people, thou hast covered all their sin. 3 Thou hast taken 
away all thy wrath : thou hast turned thyself from the fierceness 
of thine anger. — 130: 4 27iere is forgiveness with thee, that 
thou mayest be feared. 

Is. 43: 25 I, even I, am he that blotteth out thy transgressions 
for mine own sake, and will not remember thy sins. — 44: 22 
I have blotted out, as a thick cloud, thy transgressions, and as 
a doud, thy sins : return unto me ; for I have redeemed thee. — 
55: 7 Let the wicked forsake his way, and the unrighteous man 
his thoughts : and let him return unto the Lord, and he will 
have mercy upon him ; and to our God, for he will abundantly 
pardon. 

416 



RKDEMVTION. 588 



Inchuioa Foncironpits, and Accpm. 



Mic. 7: 18 Who is a (»od like unto thco, that pardoneth 
iniquity, and |)iu<»s(Uh by the trausgn^ssion of tho remnant of 
hia horita«?e? he retahieth not his anjjjer for over, because ho 
dolighteth in mercy. 19 He will turn a<?ain, he will have 
compassion upon us ; he will subdue our iniquities : mid thou 
wilt C4ist all tlieir sins into the depths of the sea. 

llom. Ih 21 15ein«i: justified freely by his jjraee, through tho 
redemption that is in Christ Jesus. — 0: It For sin shall not 
have dominion ov(»t you : for ye are not under the law, but 
under grace. — 8: I TJure is therefore now no condennmtion 
to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not at\er tho 
flosh, but after the Spirit. 2 For the law of the Spirit of life 
in Christ Jesus, hath made me fn»e fix)m the law of sin and 
death. 28 We know that all things work together for good, 
to them that love ( Jod, to them who are the called accoixling 
to his purpose. 21) For whom he <li(l ibix>know, ho also did 
predestinate to fw conformed to the image of his Son, that ho 
might be the fu'st-born among many brethren. .'K) ]\Ioi*eov(^r, 
whom he tlid ])r(Hlestinatc, them \u\ also called; and whom ho 
called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them ho 
also gloriiied. 'V^ Who shall lay any thing to the charge of 
God's elect? Jf is [Is it] (iod that justitieth: U Who is he 
that condenmeth? It is [Is it] Christ that died, yea rather, 
tliat is risen again, who is even at the right hand of (lod, who 
also raaketii intercession for us. iJ7 Nay, in all these things 
we are more than contpierors, through him that loved us. 

1 Cor. G: 1 1 Ye are justified in the name of the Loni Jesus, 
and by the Spirit of our God. — IT): .57 Thanks he to Grod, 
which giveth us the victory, through our TjOixI i Jesus Christ 

Gal. 5: 18 If ye be leil by the Spirit, ye are not under tho 
law. 

Kp. 1: C) lie hath made us accepted in the Beloved. 7 In 
whom we have redemption tlu'ough his blood, the forgiveness 
of sins, according to tlie riches of his grace. — 2: 18 Through 
him we both have access by one Spirit unto the Father. 19 
Now therefore ye are no more strangers aiul ibreignei's, but 
fellow-citizens witli the saints, and of the household of Grod.— 
8: 12 In whom wo have boldness luid access with confidonco by 
the faith of him. — 4: 32 Be ye kind one to another, tender- 
hoiirted, forgiving one another, even as God for Christ's sake 
hath forgiven you. 

Col. 1: 21 You, that were sometime alienated and enomioa 
in your mind by wicked works, yet now hath he reconciled.— 
2: 13 You, being dead in your sins and the uncircumcision of 
your flesh, hath he quickened together with him, having for- 

417 



584, 585 BEDBMFTION. 



Includefl Adoption, Mercy, Faitlifulness, and Loving-kindness. 



given you all trespasses : 1 4 Blotting out the hand-writing of 
ordinances that was against us, which was contrary to us, and 
took it out of the way, nailing it to his cross. 

1 Jn. 2: 12 I write unto you, little children, because your 
sins are forgiven you for his name's sake. 

584. Redemption includes adoption as " sons of God.'" 

Jn. 1: 12 As many as received him, to them gave he power 
to become the sous of Grod, even to them that believe on his 
name. 

Rom. 8: 14 As many as are led by the Spirit of Grod, they 
are the sons of God. 15 For ye have not received the spirit 
of bondage again to fear ; but ye have received the Spirit of 
adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father. 1 6 The Spirit itself 
beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of Grod : 
17 And if children, then heirs : heirs of Grod, and joint-heirs 
with Christ ; if so be that we suffer with him, that we may be 
also glorified together. 

2 Cor. 6: 17 I will receive you; 18 And will be a Father 
unto you, and ye shall be my sons and daughters, saith the 
Lord Almighty. 

Gal. 3: 26 Ye are all the children of Grod by faith in Christ 
Jesus. 29 And if ye be Christ's, then are ye Abraham's seed, 
and heirs according to the promise. — 4: 4 When the fulness 
of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, 
made under the law, 5 To redeem them that were under the 
law, that we might receive the adoption of sons. 6 And 
because ye are sous, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son 
into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father. 7 Wherefore thou art 
no more a servant, but a son ; and if a son, then an heir of God 
through Christ. 

Ep. 1: 5 Having predestinated us unto the adoption of 
children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good 
pleasure of his will. 

1 Jn. 3: 1 Behold what manner of love the Father hath 
bestowed upon us, that we should be called the sons of God ! 
therefore the world knoweth us not, because it knew him not 
2 Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it doth not yet 
appear what we shall be : but we know that, when he shall 
appear, we sliall be hke him ; for we shall see him as he is. 

[See 254-5, 504, 672.] 

585. Redemption includes peadiar mercy, faithfulness, and loving kindness 
to Zion. 

Dt. 7: 9 Know therefore that the Lobd thy God he is God, 
418 



REDEMPTION. ' 585 



Includes Mercy, FalthfiilnesB, and Loving-kindness. 



the faathful God, which keepeth covenant and mercy with them 
that love him and keep his commandments to a thousand gene- 
rations. — 32: 9 The Lord's portion is his people ; Jacob is 
the lot of his inheritance. 10 He found him in a desert land, 
and in the waste howling wilderness ; he led him about, he 
instructed him, he kept him as the apple of his eye. 11 As rni 
eagle stirreth up her nest, fluttereth over her young, spreadeth 
abroad her wings, taketh them, beareth them on her wings ; 12 
So the Lord alone did lead him, and there was no strange god 
with him. 

Neh. 9: 17 Thou art a God ready to pardon, gracious, and 
merciful, slow to anger, and of great kindness, and forsookest 
them not. 18 Yea, when they had made them a molten calf, 
and said. This is thy Grod that brought thee up out of Egypt, 
and had wrought great provocations; 19 Yet thou in thy mani- 
fold mercies forsookest them not in the wilderness : the pillar 
of the cloud departed not from them by day,to lead them in the 
way ; neither the pillar of fire by night, to shew them light, 
and the way wherein they should go. 20 Thou gavest also thy 
good Spirit to instruct them, and withheldest not thy manna 
from their mouth, and gavest them water for their thirst. 21 
Yea, forty years didst thou sustain them in the wilderness, so 
that they lacked nothing; their clothes waxed not old, and their 
feet swelled not 

Job 36: 7 He withdraweth not his eyes from the righteous : 
but with kings are they on the throne ; yea, he doth estabHsh 
them for ever, and they are exalted. 

Ps. 105: 12 When they were Imt a few men in number; yea, 
very few, and strangers in it. 13 When they went from one 
nation to another, from one kingdom to another people ; 14 
He suffered no man to do them wrong: yea, he reproved kings 
for their sakes ; 15 Saying^ Touch not mine anointed, and do 
my prophets no harm. 

Is. 40: 1 Comfort ye, comfort ye my people, saith your God. 
— 49: 13 Sing, O heavens ; and be joyful, O earth ; and break 
forth into singing, O mountains : for the Lord hath comforted 
his people, and will have mercy upon his afflicted. 14 But 
Zion said, The Lord hath forsaken me, and my Lord hath for- 
gotten me. 15 Can a woman forget her sucking child, that she 
should not have compassion on the son of her womb? yea, they 
may forget, yet will I not forget thee. 16 Behold, I have 
graven thee upon the palms of rny hands ; thy walls are conti- 
nually before me. — 54: 8 In a little wrath I hid my face from 
thee for a moment ; but with everlasting kindness will I have 
mercy on thee, saith the Lord thy Redeemer. 10 For the 

419 



5B6 BEDEliPTION. 



A «urk of Grace. 



mountaind shall depart, and the hills be remoTed; bnt mj 
kindness shall not depart from thee, neither shall the ooveiiant 
of my ]>eace be removed, saith the Lord that hath mercy on 
thee. 17 No weapon that is formed against thee shall pros- 
per ; and every tongue that shall rise against thee in judgment 
thou shalt condemn. This t^s* the heritage of the servants of the 
Lord, and their righteousness is of me, saith the Lord. — 
63: 9 In all their aJ91iction he was afflicted, and the angel of 
his presence saved them : in his love and in his pitj he re- 
deemed them ; and he bare them,and carried them sdl the days 
of old. 

Hos. 2: 19 I will betroth thee unto me for ever ; yea, I will 
betroth thee unto me in righteousness, and in judgment, and in 
loving kindness, and in mercies. 

Zee. 2: 8 Thus saith the Lord of hosts : After the glory 
hath he sent me unto the nations which spoiled you : for he 
that toucheth you, toucheth the apple of his eye- 
Mat. 28: 20 Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever 
I have commanded you : and lo, I am \^ith you always, wen 
onto the end of the world. 

Jn. 14: IG I will pray the Father, and he shall give you 
another Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever ; 17 
JEven the Sj^irit of truth ; whom tlie world cannot receive, be- 
cause it seeth him not, neither knoweth him: but ye know him; 
for he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you. 18 I will not 
leave you comfortless : I will come to you. 

Rev. 1: 5 Unto liim that loved us, and washed us from our 
sins in his own blood, 6 And hath made us kings and priests 
unto God and Ids Father ; to him be glory and dominion for 
ever and ever. [See 60, 94-5, 233, 672.] 

586. Jiedemption or salvation by grace. 

Ac. 20: 24 The gospel of the grace of Grod. 

Rom. 3: 24 Being justified freely by his grace, through the 
redemption that is in Christ Jesus. — 5: 8 God conmiendeih 
his love toward us, in that while we were yet sinners, Christ 
died for us. 15 (But not as the offence, so also is the free 
gift. For if through the offence of one many be dead, much 
more the grace of God, and the gift by grace, which is by one 
man, Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto many. 16 And not as 
it was by one that sinned, so is the gift. For the judgment 
wcLs by one to condemnation, but the free gift is of many 
offences unto justification. 17 For if by one man's offence 
death reigned by one ; much more they which receive abun- 
dance of grace, and of the gift of righteousness, shall reign in 
420 



REDEMPTION. 587 



A Work of Grace — Honorable to God's Law. 



life by one, Jesus Christ.) — 9: 16 It is not of him that wil- 
leth, nor of him that runneth, but of Grod that showeth mercy. 
11: 5 At this present time also there is a remnant according to 
the election of grace. 6 And if by grace, then is it no more of 
works : otherwise grace is no more grace. 

1 Cor. 4: 7 Who maketh thee to differ from another ? and 
what hast thou that thou didst not receive ? now if thou didst 
receive it, why dost thou glory, as if thou hadst not received 
it? — 15: 10 By the grace of God I am what I am. 

Ep. 1: 5 Having predestinated us unto the adoption of chil- 
dren by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure 
of his will, 6 To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein 
he hath made us accepted in the Beloved. — 2: 4 God, who is 
rich in mercy, for his great love wherewith he loved us. 5 
Even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together 
with Christ ; (by grace ye are saved ;) 6 And hath raised us 
up together, and made i^5 sit together in heavenly places, in 
Christ Jesus : 7 That in the ages to come he might shew the 
exceeding riches of his grace in his kindness toward us,through 
Christ Jesus. 8 For by grace are ye saved, through faith; 
and that not of yourselves : it is the gill of God : 9 Not of 
works, lest any man should boast. 10 For we are his work- 
manship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God 
hath before ordained that we should walk in them. 

2 Tim. 1: 9 AVho hath saved us, and called us with an holy 
calling, not according to our works, but according to his own 
purpose and grace, which was given us in Christ Jesus before 
the world began. 

Tit. 3: 5 Not by works of righteousness which we have done, 
but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of 
regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost ; 6 Which he 
shed on us abundantly, through Jesus Christ our Saviour ; 7 
That being justified by his grace, we should be made heirs 
according to the hope of eternal life. 

1 Pet. 1: 10 Of which salvation the prophets have inquired 
and searched diligently, who prophesied of the grace that shoula 
come unto you. [See 305, ^\d%J\ 

587. Redemption honorable to God and his laic. 

Ps. 85: 10 Mercy and truth are met together : righteousness 
and peace have kissed each other. 

Is. 42: 21 The Lord is well pleased for his righteousness' 
eake ; he will magnify the law, and make it honorable. 

Rom. 3: 26 To declare, I say, at this time his righteousness: 
that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth 

36 421 



588 REGEXERATIOH ASn> SAKCTIFICATIOH. 

Ood abl* to Suwdfy. 

in Jesii.<. 31 Do we then make void the law thioogh &ith? 
Giod forbid : vea, we establish the law. 

2 Cor. 4: 6 (^od, who commaoded the li^t to shine out of 
darkness, hath shined in our hearts, to give the light of the 
knowledge of the glory of Gk)d in the face of Jesus Christ. 

Ep. 8: d Unto me, who am less than the least of all saints, 
in this grace given, that I should preach among the Gentiles 
the unsearchable riches of Christ ; 9 And to make all men 
see what i* the fellowship of